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Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book
Author : K Huang,J B Goodenough
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-07-30
ISBN : 1845696514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOox and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. For the past few decades, SOFC technology has attracted intense worldwide R&D effort and, along with polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, has undergone extensive commercialization development. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology. The book initially deals with the basics and development of SOFC technology from cell materials to fundamental thermodynamics, electronic properties of solids and charged particle transport. This coverage is extended with a thorough analysis of such operational features as current flow and energy balance, and on to voltage losses and electrical efficiency. Furthermore, the book also covers the important issues of fuel cell stability and durability with chapters on performance characterization, fuel processing, and electrode poisoning. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review for SOFC materials and fabrication techniques. A series of useful scientific appendices rounds off the book. Solid oxide fuel cell technology is a standard reference for all those researching this important field as well as those working in the power industry. Provides a comprehensive review of solid oxide fuel cells from history and design to chemistry and materials development Presents analysis of operational features including current flow, energy balance, voltage losses and electrical efficiency Explores fuel cell stability and durability with specific chapters examining performance characterization, fuel processing and electrode poisoning

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Meng Ni,Tim S. Zhao
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2013-08-16
ISBN : 1849737770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising electrochemical power generation devices that can convert chemical energy of a fuel into electricity in an efficient, environmental-friendly, and quiet manner. Due to their high operating temperature, SOFCs feature fuel flexibility as internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuels and ammonia thermal cracking can be realized in SOFC anode. This book presents an overview of the SOFC technology with a focus on the recent developments in new technologies and new ideas for addressing the key issues of SOFC development. This book first introduces the fundamental principles of SOFCs and compares SOFC technology with conventional heat engines as well as low temperature fuel cells. Then the latest developments in SOFC R&D are reviewed and future directions are discussed. Key issues related to SOFC performance improvement, long-term stability, mathematical modelling, as well as system integration/control are addressed, including material development, infiltration technique for nano-structured electrode fabrication, focused ion beam – scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) technique for microstructure reconstruction, the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation at pore scale, multi-scale modelling, SOFC integration with buildings and other cycles for stationary applications.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bin Zhu,Rizwan Raza,Liangdong Fan,Chunwen Sun
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-02
ISBN : 352734411X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents innovative approaches towards affordable, highly efficient, and reliable sustainable energy systems Written by leading experts on the subject, this book provides not only a basic introduction and understanding of conventional fuel cell principle, but also an updated view of the most recent developments in this field. It focuses on the new energy conversion technologies based on both electrolyte and electrolyte-free fuel cells?from advanced novel ceria-based composite electrolyte low temperature solid oxide fuel cells to non-electrolyte fuel cells as advanced fuel-to-electricity conversion technology. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices is divided into three parts. Part I covers the latest developments of anode, electrolyte, and cathode materials as well as the SOFC technologies. Part II discusses the non-electrolyte or semiconductor-based membrane fuel cells. Part III focuses on engineering efforts on materials, technology, devices and stack developments, and looks at various applications and new opportunities of SOFC using both the electrolyte and non-electrolyte principles, including integrated fuel cell systems with electrolysis, solar energy, and more. -Offers knowledge on how to realize highly efficient fuel cells with novel device structures -Shows the opportunity to transform the future fuel cell markets and the possibility to commercialize fuel cells in an extended range of applications -Presents a unique collection of contributions on the development of solid oxide fuel cells from electrolyte based to non-electrolyte-based technology -Provides a more comprehensive understanding of the advances in fuel cells and bridges the knowledge from traditional SOFC to the new concept -Allows readers to track the development from the conventional SOFC to the non-electrolyte or single-component fuel cell Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices will serve as an important reference work to students, scientists, engineers, researchers, and technology developers in the fuel cell field.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Radenka Maric
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-09
ISBN : 1466561173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Fundamental Principles to Complete Systems is a valuable resource for beginners, experienced researchers, and developers of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). It provides a fundamental understanding of SOFCs by covering the present state-of-the-art as well as ongoing research and future challenges to be solved. It discusses current and future materials, and provides an overview of development activities with a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics, industrial data, and advances in technology. Provides an understanding of the operating principles of SOFCs Discusses state-of-the-art materials, technologies, and processes Includes a review of the current industry and lessons learned Offers a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics of SOFC manufacture Covers significant technical challenges that remain to be solved Presents the status of government activities, industry, and market This book is aimed at electrochemists, batteries and fuel cell engineers, alternative energy scientists, and professionals in materials science.

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book
Author : Marta Boaro,Aricò Antonino Salvatore
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-24
ISBN : 331946146X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book well-known experts highlight cutting-edge research priorities and discuss the state of the art in the field of solid oxide fuel cells giving an update on specific subjects such as protonic conductors, interconnects, electrocatalytic and catalytic processes and modelling approaches.Fundamentals and advances in this field are illustrated to help young researchers address issues in the characterization of materials and in the analysis of processes, not often tackled in scholarly books.

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century Book
Author : Kevin Kendall,Michaela Kendall
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-21
ISBN : 0124104835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Second Edition, explores the growing interest in fuel cells as a sustainable source of energy. The text brings the topic of green energy front and center, illustrating the need for new books that provide comprehensive and practical information on specific types of fuel cells and their applications. This landmark volume on solid oxide fuel cells contains contributions from experts of international repute, and provides a single source of the latest knowledge on this topic. A single source for all the latest information on solid oxide fuel cells and their applications Illustrates the need for new, more comprehensive books and study on the topic Explores the growing interest in fuel cells as viable, sustainable sources of energy

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Tatsumi Ishihara
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-12
ISBN : 9780387777085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book
Author : Marta Boaro,Aricò Antonino Salvatore
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-11
ISBN : 9783319461458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book well-known experts highlight cutting-edge research priorities and discuss the state of the art in the field of solid oxide fuel cells giving an update on specific subjects such as protonic conductors, interconnects, electrocatalytic and catalytic processes and modelling approaches.Fundamentals and advances in this field are illustrated to help young researchers address issues in the characterization of materials and in the analysis of processes, not often tackled in scholarly books.

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Mario L. Ferrari,Usman M. Damo,Ali Turan,David Sánchez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 111903907X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide to the modelling and design of solid oxide fuel cell hybrid power plants This book explores all technical aspects of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) hybrid systems and proposes solutions to a range of technical problems that can arise from component integration. Following a general introduction to the state-of-the-art in SOFC hybrid systems, the authors focus on fuel cell technology, including the components required to operate with standard fuels. Micro-gas turbine (mGT) technology for hybrid systems is discussed, with special attention given to issues related to the coupling of SOFCs with mGTs. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on dynamic issues, including control systems used to avoid risk conditions. With an eye to mitigating the high costs and risks incurred with the building and use of prototype hybrid systems, the authors demonstrate a proven, economically feasible approach to obtaining important experimental results using simplified plants that simulate both generic and detailed system-level behaviour using emulators. Computational models and experimental plants are developed to support the analysis of SOFC hybrid systems, including models appropriate for design, development and performance analysis at both component and system levels. Presents models for a range of size units, technology variations, unit coupling dynamics and start-up and shutdown behaviours Focuses on SOFCs integration with mGTs in light of key constraints and risk avoidance issues under steady-state conditions and during transient operations Identifies interaction and coupling problems within the GT/SOFC environment, including exergy analysis and optimization Demonstrates an economical approach to obtaining important experimental results while avoiding high-cost components and risk conditions Presents analytical/computational and experimental tools for the efficient design and development of hardware and software systems Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Modelling and Design is a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers involved in fuel cell fundamentals, design and development. It is also an excellent reference for academic researchers and advanced-level students exploring fuel cell technology.

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Biao Huang,Yutong Qi,A. K. M. Monjur Murshed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-18
ISBN : 0470973919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A timely treatment of the modeling and advanced control of the most promising fuel cell technology - SOFC (solid oxide fuel cells) - from cell to system levelDynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Delivers comprehensive coverage of SOFC dynamic models and modeling approach from first principles, bringing together many aspects of SOFC technology in one book for the first time Provides parameters for all models developed for easy reference and reproducing of the results Discusses lumped model and distributed model from cell level to system level Applications to the state-of-the-art unscented Kalman filter, model predictive control, and monitoring techniques to SOFC systems Uses NMPC, which is well understood by both industry and academia Essential reading for Graduate students and researchers in the area of fuel cells, process systems engineering, control systems engineering, process control and electrochemical engineering"--

Fuel Cell Technologies State And Perspectives

Fuel Cell Technologies  State And Perspectives Book
Author : Nigel Sammes,Alevtina Smirnova,Oleksandr Vasylyev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-01-28
ISBN : 1402034989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel Cells have become a potentially highly efficient sustainable source of energy and electricity for an ever-demanding power hungry world. The two main types of fuel cells ripe for commercialisation are the high temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and the low temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEM). The commercial uses of which include, but are not limited to, military, stand-by power, commercial and industrial, and remoter power. However, all aspects of the electricity market are being considered. This book has brought together a team of world-renowned experts in all aspects of fuel cell development for both SOFC and PEM in a workshop environment. The workshop held between June 6–10, 2004 was held in the capital city of the Ukraine, Kiev. The reason for the venue was that Ukraine is the third largest resource of zircon sands, a major source of material for the solid oxide fuel cell. Ukraine is looking at undertaking a very large effort in the solid oxide fuel cell arena, and hopes, one day, to be an international player in this market, and this book is an outcome from the workshop. The book focuses on the issues related to fuel cells, particularly the state-of-the-art internationally, the issues that were of particular interest for getting fuel cells fully commercialized, and advances in fuel cell materials and technology. The focus was on all types of fuel cells, but the emphasis was particularly on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), due to their importance to the host country. The book is an essential reference to researchers, academics and industrialists interested in up-to-date information on SOFC and PEM development.

Fuel Cells Technologies for Fuel Processing

Fuel Cells  Technologies for Fuel Processing Book
Author : Dushyant Shekhawat,J.J. Spivey,David A Berry
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-03-18
ISBN : 9780444535641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel Cells: Technologies for Fuel Processing provides an overview of the most important aspects of fuel reforming to the generally interested reader, researcher, technologist, teacher, student, or engineer. The topics covered include all aspects of fuel reforming: fundamental chemistry, different modes of reforming, catalysts, catalyst deactivation, fuel desulfurization, reaction engineering, novel reforming concepts, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer issues, system design, and recent research and development. While no attempt is made to describe the fuel cell itself, there is sufficient description of the fuel cell to show how it affects the fuel reformer. By focusing on the fundamentals, this book aims to be a source of information now and in the future. By avoiding time-sensitive information/analysis (e.g., economics) it serves as a single source of information for scientists and engineers in fuel processing technology. The material is presented in such a way that this book will serve as a reference for graduate level courses, fuel cell developers, and fuel cell researchers. Chapters written by experts in each area Extensive bibliography supporting each chapter Detailed index Up-to-date diagrams and full colour illustrations

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Roberto Bove,S. Ubertini
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-04-20
ISBN : 9781402069956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book fills the need for a practical reference for all scientists and graduate students who are seeking to define a mathematical model for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) simulation. Structured in two parts, part one presents the basic theory, and the general equations describing SOFC operation phenomena. Part two deals with the application of the theory to practical examples, where different SOFC geometries, configurations, and different phenomena are analyzed in detail.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII Book
Author : Subhash C. Singhal,M. Dokiya,Electrochemical Society. High Temperature Materials Division,Electrochemical Society. Energy Technology Division
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781566773775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII book written by Subhash C. Singhal,M. Dokiya,Electrochemical Society. High Temperature Materials Division,Electrochemical Society. Energy Technology Division, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC V

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  SOFC V  Book
Author : U. Stimming,S. C. Singhal,H. Tagawa
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9781566771450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC V book written by U. Stimming,S. C. Singhal,H. Tagawa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Present Trends in Fuel Cell Technology Development

Present Trends in Fuel Cell Technology Development Book
Author : N. Rajalakshmi,K. S. Dhathathreyan
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604562118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book the authors assess the technology for fuel cells in terms of processes and basic science, materials, applications and infrastructure. Each section is devoted to a particular type of fuel cell technology covering all the aspects of processes, materials, application, technology, challenges and present trends.

Innovations in Fuel Cell Technologies

Innovations in Fuel Cell Technologies Book
Author : Robert Steinberger-Wilckens,Werner Lehnert
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1849730334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel Cells have evolved from an exotic technology only feasible under the constraints of space flight into a product addressing the `everman' consumer, although at first, in niche markets only. The considerable level of technological readiness that has been reached today finally gives rise to hopes that fuel cells will eventually make it to larger markets within the decade leading up to the year 2020. The potential in fuel cell technologies is tremendous and their commercial success is necessary in tailoring the worldwide energy supply systems towards efficiencies and emission levels that allow a long-term stable and sustainable development for the world economy and the environment. Innovations in Fuel Cell Technologies provides a state-of-the-art review on new fields of research that have high potential and interest for the fuel cell community. The main technology problems are discussed and current gaps to market success identified. The innovations covered in the book deliver new answers to pertinent problems and/or offer new opportunities, be it in operating conditions, application area, extension of lifetime, new fuels, exciting new diagnosis or analysis methods. Key issues discussed are the prospects for miniaturising fuel cells, high-temperature polymer membrane fuel cells and their application as an on-board electricity supply in large vehicles, non-standard fuels like pure carbon and the handling of fuel impurities, degradation issues and accelerated lifetime testing, the prospects of reversing the fuel cell reactions towards producing instead of consuming hydrogen and the pitfalls in bringing a technology from demonstration to technical maturity. Innovations in Fuel Cell Technologies directs the reader's attention to the developments of tomorrow. The chapter serve as an early warning to technology developers of the rewarding prospects on the horizon as well as orientation to students and young researchers in guiding their future studies. Energy lies at the heart of modern society, and it is critical that we make informed choices of the methods by which we convert and manage energy. The RSC Energy and Environment Series is a suite of professional reference books that will provide an up-to-date and critical perspective on the various options available.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells Book
Author : Noriko Hikosaka Behling
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0444563253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book is a one of a kind, definitive reference source for technical students and researchers, government policymakers, and business leaders. It provides an overview of past and present initiatives to improve and commercialize fuel cell technologies. It provides context and analysis to help potential investors assess current fuel cell commercialization activities and future prospects. Most importantly, it gives top executive policymakers and company presidents with detailed policy recommendations as to what should be done to successfully commercialize fuel cell technologies."--pub. desc.

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells  Facts and Figures Book
Author : John T.S. Irvine,Paul Connor
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-02
ISBN : 1447144562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operate at high temperatures allowing more fuel flexibility and also useful heat output and so increase total efficiency, but does give some interesting engineering challenges. Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures provides clear and accurate data for a selection of SOFC topics from the specific details of Ni cermet anodes, chemical expansion in materials, and the measuring and modelling of mechanical stresses, to the broader scope of the history and present design of cells, to SOFC systems and the future of SOFC. Celebrating Ulf Bossel’s work on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, and especially his running of the European Fuel Cell Forum, Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures covers important topics on the way including intermediate temperature fuel cells, metal supported fuel cells and both new materials and engineering solutions to some of the challenges of getting SOFC to market. The chapters are based on the special plenary talks given by some of the most respected and talented people in the field at the 2010 European SOFC Forum in Luzern and the title for this book comes from the report produced by Ulf for the IEA “Final Report on SOFC Data, Facts and Figures”, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne, 1992. The comprehensive nature of Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures makes it a key resource of SOFC topics for students, lecturers, researchers and industry practitioners alike.