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Solar Photovoltaic Cells

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Solar Photovoltaic Cells

Solar Photovoltaic Cells Book
Author : Alexander P. Kirk
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-11-06
ISBN : 0128026030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar Photovoltaic Cells: Photons to Electricity outlines our need for photovoltaics - a field which is exploding in popularity and importance. This concise book provides a thorough understanding of solar photovoltaic cells including how these devices work, what can be done to optimize the technology, and future trends in the marketplace. This book contains a detailed and logical step-by-step explanation of thermodynamically-consistent solar cell operating physics, a comparison of advanced multi-junction CPV power plants versus combined-cycle thermal power plants in the framework of energy cascading, and a discussion of solar cell semiconductor resource limitations and the scalability of solar electricity as we move forward. Quantitative examples allow the reader to understand the scope of solar PV and the challenges and opportunities of producing clean electricity. Provides a compact and focused discussion of solar photovoltaics and solar electricity generation. Helps you understand the limits of solar PV and be able to predict future trends. Quantitative examples help you grasp the scope of solar PV and the challenges and opportunities of producing electricity from a renewable resource.

Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells

Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells Book
Author : M. Parans Paranthaman,Winnie Wong-Ng,Raghu N. Bhattacharya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-16
ISBN : 3319203312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the current status of semiconductor materials for conversion of sunlight to electricity, and highlights advances in both basic science and manufacturing. Photovoltaic (PV) solar electric technology will be a significant contributor to world energy supplies when reliable, efficient PV power products are manufactured in large volumes at low cost. Expert chapters cover the full range of semiconductor materials for solar-to-electricity conversion, from crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon to cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium sulfide selenides, dye sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, and environmentally friendly copper zinc tin sulfide selenides. The latest methods for synthesis and characterization of solar cell materials are described, together with techniques for measuring solar cell efficiency. Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells presents the current state of the art as well as key details about future strategies to increase the efficiency and reduce costs, with particular focus on how to reduce the gap between laboratory scale efficiency and commercial module efficiency. This book will aid materials scientists and engineers in identifying research priorities to fulfill energy needs, and will also enable researchers to understand novel semiconductor materials that are emerging in the solar market. This integrated approach also gives science and engineering students a sense of the excitement and relevance of materials science in the development of novel semiconductor materials. · Provides a comprehensive introduction to solar PV cell materials · Reviews current and future status of solar cells with respect to cost and efficiency · Covers the full range of solar cell materials, from silicon and thin films to dye sensitized and organic solar cells · Offers an in-depth account of the semiconductor material strategies and directions for further research · Features detailed tables on the world leaders in efficiency demonstrations · Edited by scientists with experience in both research and industry

Electrical and Electronic Devices Circuits and Materials

Electrical and Electronic Devices  Circuits  and Materials Book
Author : Suman Lata Tripathi,Parvej Ahmad Alvi,Umashankar Subramaniam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-24
ISBN : 1119755085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing demand for electronic devices for private and industrial purposes lead designers and researchers to explore new electronic devices and circuits that can perform several tasks efficiently with low IC area and low power consumption. In addition, the increasing demand for portable devices intensifies the call from industry to design sensor elements, an efficient storage cell, and large capacity memory elements. Several industry-related issues have also forced a redesign of basic electronic components for certain specific applications. The researchers, designers, and students working in the area of electronic devices, circuits, and materials sometimesneed standard examples with certain specifications. This breakthrough work presents this knowledge of standard electronic device and circuit design analysis, including advanced technologies and materials. This outstanding new volume presents the basic concepts and fundamentals behind devices, circuits, and systems. It is a valuable reference for the veteran engineer and a learning tool for the student, the practicing engineer, or an engineer from another field crossing over into electrical engineering. It is a must-have for any library.

Photovoltaic Solar Energy

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Book
Author : Angèle Reinders,Pierre Verlinden,Wilfried van Sark,Alexandre Freundlich
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-02-06
ISBN : 111892746X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar PV is now the third most important renewable energy source, after hydro and wind power, in terms of global installed capacity. Bringing together the expertise of international PV specialists Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of existing PV technologies in conjunction with an assessment of technological developments. Key features: Written by leading specialists active in concurrent developments in material sciences, solar cell research and application-driven R&D. Provides a basic knowledge base in light, photons and solar irradiance and basic functional principles of PV. Covers characterization techniques, economics and applications of PV such as silicon, thin-film and hybrid solar cells. Presents a compendium of PV technologies including: crystalline silicon technologies; chalcogenide thin film solar cells; thin-film silicon based PV technologies; organic PV and III-Vs; PV concentrator technologies; space technologies and economics, life-cycle and user aspects of PV technologies. Each chapter presents basic principles and formulas as well as major technological developments in a contemporary context with a look at future developments in this rapidly changing field of science and engineering. Ideal for industrial engineers and scientists beginning careers in PV as well as graduate students undertaking PV research and high-level undergraduate students.

Solar Photovoltaics

Solar Photovoltaics Book
Author : N.D. Kaushika,Anuradha Mishra,Anil K. Rai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-07
ISBN : 3319724045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a quantitative description of the physics of solar-cell materials, transport processes, fabrication methods, and offers a scientific understanding of the technology involved. It also presents the current knowledge of the electrical characteristics of modules arrays and balance of systems (BOS) for a wide spectrum of applications. It particularly focuses on solar-powered communication systems and building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems, exploring the reliability and viability aspects in detail. The book is of interest to application engineers, practitioners in private and government agencies, as well as graduate and postgraduate students.

Solar Panels and Photovoltaic Materials

Solar Panels and Photovoltaic Materials Book
Author : Beddiaf Zaidi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-07-11
ISBN : 1789234344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite their wide availability and relatively low prices, the conventional energy sources have harmful consequences on the environment and are exhaustible. In order to circumvent these negative effects, the renewable energies in general and the photovoltaic energy in particular are becoming more and more attractive. Solar cell is an electrical device that converts light into electricity at the atomic level. These devices use inorganic or organic semiconductor materials that absorb photons with energy greater than their bandgap to promote energy carriers into their conduction band. They do not pollute the atmosphere by releasing harmful gases, do not require any fuel to produce electricity, and do not move parts so they are rugged. Solar panels have a very long life and do not need much maintenance.

Solar Cells and Modules

Solar Cells and Modules Book
Author : Arvind Shah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-16
ISBN : 3030464873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives a comprehensive introduction to the field of photovoltaic (PV) solar cells and modules. In thirteen chapters, it addresses a wide range of topics including the spectrum of light received by PV devices, the basic functioning of a solar cell, and the physical factors limiting the efficiency of solar cells. It places particular emphasis on crystalline silicon solar cells and modules, which constitute today more than 90 % of all modules sold worldwide. Describing in great detail both the manufacturing process and resulting module performance, the book also touches on the newest developments in this sector, such as Tunnel Oxide Passivated Contact (TOPCON) and heterojunction modules, while dedicating a major chapter to general questions of module design and fabrication. Overall, it presents the essential theoretical and practical concepts of PV solar cells and modules in an easy-to-understand manner and discusses current challenges facing the global research and development community.

The Development and Utilization of Solar Photovoltaic Cells An Assessment of the Potential for a New Energy Technology

The Development and Utilization of Solar Photovoltaic Cells  An Assessment of the Potential for a New Energy Technology Book
Author : Kelley J. Cyr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Development and Utilization of Solar Photovoltaic Cells An Assessment of the Potential for a New Energy Technology book written by Kelley J. Cyr, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Solar Cells

Solar Cells Book
Author : Augustin McEvoy,L. Castaner,Tom Markvart
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-10-26
ISBN : 0123869641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enormous leaps forward in the efficiency and the economy of solar cells are being made at a furious pace. New materials and manufacturing processes have opened up new realms of possibility for the application of solar cells. Crystalline silicon cells are increasingly making way for thin film cells, which are spawning experimentation with third-generation high-efficiency multijunction cells, carbon-nanotube based cells, UV light for voltage enhancement, and the use of the infrared spectrum for night-time operation, to name only a few recent advances. This thoroughly updated new edition of Markvart and Castaner's Solar Cells, extracted from their industry standard Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics, is the definitive reference covering the science and operation, materials and manufacture of solar cells. It is essential reading for engineers, installers, designers, and policy-makers who need to understand the science behind the solar cells of today, and tomorrow, in order to take solar energy to the next level. A thorough update to the definitive reference to solar cells, created by a cast of international experts from industry and academia to ensure the highest quality information from multiple perspectives Covers the whole spectrum of solar cell information, from basic scientific background, to the latest advances in materials, to manufacturing issues, to testing and calibration. Case studies, practical examples and reports on the latest advances take the new edition of this amazing resource beyond a simple amalgamation of a vast amount of knowledge, into the realm of real world applications

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells Book
Author : Jenny Nelson
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2003-05-09
ISBN : 1848168233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell. It is suitable for undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers new to the field. It covers: basic physics of semiconductors in photovoltaic devices; physical models of solar cell operation; characteristics and design of common types of solar cell; and approaches to increasing solar cell efficiency. The text explains the terms and concepts of solar cell device physics and shows the reader how to formulate and solve relevant physical problems. Exercises and worked solutions are included.

A Practical Guide for Advanced Methods in Solar Photovoltaic Systems

A Practical Guide for Advanced Methods in Solar Photovoltaic Systems Book
Author : Adel Mellit,Mohamed Benghanem
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 3030434737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book focuses on recent advances methods and applications in photovoltaic (PV) systems. The book is divided into two parts: the first part deals with some theoretical, simulation and experiments on solar cells, including efficiency improvement, new materials and behavior performances. While the second part of the book devoted mainly on the application of advanced methods in PV systems, including advanced control, FPGA implementation, output power forecasting based artificial intelligence technique (AI), high PV penetration, reconfigurable PV architectures and fault detection and diagnosis based AI. The authors of the book trying to show to readers more details about some theoretical methods and applications in solar cells and PV systems (eg. advanced algorithms for control, optimization, power forecasting, monitoring and fault diagnosis methods). The applications are mainly carried out in different laboratories and location around the world as projects (Algeria, KSA, Turkey, Morocco, Italy and France). The book will be addressed to scientists, academics, researchers and PhD students working in this topic. The book will help readers to understand some applications including control, forecasting, monitoring, fault diagnosis of photovoltaic plants, as well as in solar cells such as behavior performances and efficiency improvement. It could be also be used as a reference and help industry sectors interested by prototype development.

How Do Solar Panels Work

How Do Solar Panels Work  Book
Author : Richard Hantula
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1438128088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learning the science behind solar energy.

Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics

Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics Book
Author : Arthur J. Nozik,Gavin Conibeer,Matthew C Beard
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-07-10
ISBN : 1849739951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photovoltaic systems enable the sun’s energy to be converted directly into electricity using semiconductor solar cells. The ultimate goal of photovoltaic research and development is to reduce the cost of solar power to reach or even become lower than the cost of electricity generated from fossil and nuclear fuels. The power conversion efficiency and the cost per unit area of the phototvoltaic system are critical factors that determine the cost of photovoltaic electricity. Until recently, the power conversion efficiency of single-junction photovoltaic cells has been limited to approximately 33% - the so-called Shockley-Queisser limit. This book presents the latest developments in photovoltaics which seek to either reach or surpass the Shockley-Queisser limit, and to lower the cell cost per unit area. Progress toward this ultimate goal is presented for the three generations of photovoltaic cells: the 1st generation based on crystalline silicon semiconductors; the 2nd generation based on thin film silicon, compound semiconductors, amorphous silicon, and various mesoscopic structures; and the 3rd generation based on the unique properties of nanoscale materials, new inorganic and organic photoconversion materials, highly efficient multi-junction cells with low cost solar concentration, and novel photovoltaic processes. The extent to which photovoltaic materials and processes can meet the expectations of efficient and cost effective solar energy conversion to electricity is discussed. Written by an international team of expert contributors, and with researchers in academia, national research laboratories, and industry in mind, this book is a comprehensive guide to recent progress in photovoltaics and essential for any library or laboratory in the field.

Photovoltaic Science and Technology

Photovoltaic Science and Technology Book
Author : J. N. Roy,D. N. Bose
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-03-09
ISBN : 1108415245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Discusses the principles of operation of photovoltaic devices, their limitations, choice of materials and maximum efficiencies"--

Solar Energy Conversion

Solar Energy Conversion Book
Author : R.C. Neville
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-01-30
ISBN : 9780080541426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A large number of solar cell and solar cell systems are described in this volume. The theory of their operation, their design and the levels of their performance is discussed. Originally the book appeared in 1978 but extensive change over the intervening years in the fields of energy generation and consumption, solar energy and solar cells, has necessitated the publication of an updated version. The text initially surveys the requirements of humanity, the subsequent need for solar cells, the nature of sunlight and the properties of semiconductors. Concrete examples, extensive references and theoretical arguments are then used to present a comparison of options available in the design and operation of solar cells and solar cell systems. The cells - constructed from single, crystal, polycrystalline and amorphous semiconductors - and the systems - have varying designs and differing levels of solar energy for input and produce electricity or electrical and thermal energies. Solar cell production, economics and environmental effects are considered throughout the publication.

Solar Photovoltaic Power Generation

Solar Photovoltaic Power Generation Book
Author : Jinhuan Yang,Xiao Yuan,Liang Ji
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-08-10
ISBN : 3110525429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates theories in photovoltaic power generation, and focuses on the application of photovoltaic system, such as on-grid and off-grid system optimization design. The principle of the solar cell and manufacturing processes, the design and installation of PV system are extensively discussed in the book, making it an essential reference for graduate students in photovoltaic field and industrial engineers.

Solar PV Power

Solar PV Power Book
Author : Rabindra Kumar Satpathy,Venkateswarlu Pamuru
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-28
ISBN : 012817627X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar PV Power: Design, Manufacturing and Applications from Sand to Systems details developments in the solar cell manufacturing process, including information from system design straight through to the entire value chain of Solar PV Manufacturing. In addition, the book includes aspects of ground mounted grid connected solar PV systems and optimization for solar PV plants, economic analyses, and reliability and performance. The advances and processes of solar product technology and reliability, along with the performance of solar PV plants and operational and maintenance aspects with advance diagnostic techniques are also presented, making this an ideal resource. With rapid change in the manufacturing process, it is crucial for solar cells and solar PV modules to adapt to new developments in solar products, especially with regard to reliability, financial aspects and performance. Includes detailed solar panel module assembly and analysis Offers new concepts for solar PV system design that are presented alongside field related issues and examples Saves time and resources by collecting all pieces of information needed by engineers in the same text

Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering

Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Book
Author : Antonio Luque,Steven Hegedus
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-29
ISBN : 0470976128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most comprehensive, authoritative and widely cited reference on photovoltaic solar energy Fully revised and updated, the Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, Second Edition incorporates the substantial technological advances and research developments in photovoltaics since its previous release. All topics relating to the photovoltaic (PV) industry are discussed with contributions by distinguished international experts in the field. Significant new coverage includes: three completely new chapters and six chapters with new authors device structures, processing, and manufacturing options for the three major thin film PV technologies high performance approaches for multijunction, concentrator, and space applications new types of organic polymer and dye-sensitized solar cells economic analysis of various policy options to stimulate PV growth including effect of public and private investment Detailed treatment covers: scientific basis of the photovoltaic effect and solar cell operation the production of solar silicon and of silicon-based solar cells and modules how choice of semiconductor materials and their production influence costs and performance making measurements on solar cells and modules and how to relate results under standardised test conditions to real outdoor performance photovoltaic system installation and operation of components such as inverters and batteries. architectural applications of building-integrated PV Each chapter is structured to be partially accessible to beginners while providing detailed information of the physics and technology for experts. Encompassing a review of past work and the fundamentals in solar electric science, this is a leading reference and invaluable resource for all practitioners, consultants, researchers and students in the PV industry.

Solar Cells

Solar Cells Book
Author : Ahmed Mourtada Elseman
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 1838810161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar cell energy is the single most pressing issue facing humanity, with a more technologically advanced society requiring better energy resources. This book discusses technologies broadly, depending on how they capture and distribute solar energy or convert it into solar power. The major areas covered in this book are: • The theory of solar cells, which explains the conversion of light energy in photons into electric current. The theoretical studies are practical because they predict the fundamental limits of a solar cell. • The design and development of thin-film technology-based solar cells. • State of the art for bulk material applied for solar cells based on crystalline silicon (c-Si), also known as “solar grade silicon,” and emerging photovoltaics.

Advances in Silicon Solar Cells

Advances in Silicon Solar Cells Book
Author : Shadia Ikhmayies
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 331969703X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a review of all types of silicon solar cells. The scope includes monocrocrystalline Si solar cells, polycrystalline and amorphous thin-film silicon solar cells, and tandem solar cells. Production, treatment and development of these devices are reviewed. Limitations of these devices, design optimization, testing and fabrication methods are covered. In addition, current status and future prospects for the further development of silicon solar cells are addressed. Special emphasis is given to methods of attaining high efficiency and thereby cost-effective solar power. The aim of the book is to provide the reader with a complete overview about the recent advances in the structure and technology of all generations of silicon solar cells.