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Solar Cells and Modules

Solar Cells and Modules Book
Author : Arvind Shah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-16
ISBN : 3030464873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives a comprehensive introduction to the field of photovoltaic (PV) solar cells and modules. In thirteen chapters, it addresses a wide range of topics including the spectrum of light received by PV devices, the basic functioning of a solar cell, and the physical factors limiting the efficiency of solar cells. It places particular emphasis on crystalline silicon solar cells and modules, which constitute today more than 90 % of all modules sold worldwide. Describing in great detail both the manufacturing process and resulting module performance, the book also touches on the newest developments in this sector, such as Tunnel Oxide Passivated Contact (TOPCON) and heterojunction modules, while dedicating a major chapter to general questions of module design and fabrication. Overall, it presents the essential theoretical and practical concepts of PV solar cells and modules in an easy-to-understand manner and discusses current challenges facing the global research and development community.

Physics of Solar Cells

Physics of Solar Cells Book
Author : Peter W?rfel,Uli W?rfel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 352741312X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of this highly regarded textbook provides a detailed overview of the most important characterization techniques for solar cells and a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages. It describes in detail all aspects of solar cell function, the physics behind every single step, as well as all the issues to be considered when improving solar cells and their efficiency. The text is now complete with examples of how the appropriate characterization techniques enable the distinction between several potential limitation factors, describing how quantities that have been introduced theoretically in earlier chapters become experimentally accessible. With exercises after each chapter to reinforce the newly acquired knowledge and requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, this book enables students and professionals to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to apply this to their own solar cell development.

Solar Cells

Solar Cells Book
Author : Augustin McEvoy,L. Castaner,Tom Markvart
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0080993796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enormous leaps forward in the efficiency and the economy of solar cells are being made at a furious pace. New materials and manufacturing processes have opened up new realms of possibility for the application of solar cells. Crystalline silicon cells are increasingly making way for thin film cells, which are spawning experimentation with third-generation high-efficiency multijunction cells, carbon-nanotube based cells, UV light for voltage enhancement, and the use of the infrared spectrum for night-time operation, to name only a few recent advances. This thoroughly updated new edition of Markvart and Castaner’s Solar Cells, extracted from their industry standard Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics, is the definitive reference covering the science and operation, materials and manufacture of solar cells. It is essential reading for engineers, installers, designers, and policy-makers who need to understand the science behind the solar cells of today, and tomorrow, in order to take solar energy to the next level. A thorough update to the definitive reference to solar cells, created by a cast of international experts from industry and academia to ensure the highest quality information from multiple perspectives Covers the whole spectrum of solar cell information, from basic scientific background, to the latest advances in materials, to manufacturing issues, to testing and calibration. Case studies, practical examples and reports on the latest advances take the new edition of this amazing resource beyond a simple amalgamation of a vast amount of knowledge, into the realm of real world applications

Optoelectronics of Solar Cells

Optoelectronics of Solar Cells Book
Author : Greg P. Smestad
Publisher : SPIE Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780819444400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A discussion of how solar cell devices function, and of the parameters that control their operation. The text is designed as an overview for those in the fields of optics and optical engineering, as well as those interested in energy policy, economics and photo-to-electric energy conversion.

Solar Cells and Their Applications

Solar Cells and Their Applications Book
Author : Lewis M. Fraas,Larry D. Partain
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-10-29
ISBN : 9781118024058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A major update of solar cell technology and the solar marketplace Since the first publication of this important volume over a decade ago, dramatic changes have taken place with the solar market growing almost 100-fold and the U.S. moving from first to fourth place in the world market as analyzed in this Second Edition. Three bold new opportunities are identified for any countries wanting to improve market position. The first is combining pin solar cells with 3X concentration to achieve economic competitiveness near term. The second is charging battery-powered cars with solar cell–generated electricity from arrays in surrounding areas—including the car owners' homes—while simultaneously reducing their home electricity bills by over ninety percent. The third is formation of economic "unions" of sufficient combined economic size to be major competitors. In this updated edition, feed-in tariffs are identified as the most effective approach for public policy. Reasons are provided to explain why pin solar cells outperform more traditional pn solar cells. Field test data are reported for nineteen percent pin solar cells and for ~500X concentrating systems with bare cell efficiencies approaching forty percent. Paths to bare cell efficiencies over fifty percent are described, and key missing program elements are identified. Since government support is needed for new technology prototype integration and qualification testing before manufacturing scale up, the key economic measure is identified in this volume as the electricity cost in cents per kilowatt-hour at the complete installed system level, rather than just the up-front solar cell modules' costs in dollars per watt. This Second Edition will benefit technologists in the fields of solar cells and systems; solar cell researchers; power systems designers; academics studying microelectronics, semiconductors, and solar cells; business students and investors with a technical focus; and government and political officials developing public policy.

Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells

Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells Book
Author : M. Parans Paranthaman,Winnie Wong-Ng,Raghu N. Bhattacharya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-16
ISBN : 3319203312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the current status of semiconductor materials for conversion of sunlight to electricity, and highlights advances in both basic science and manufacturing. Photovoltaic (PV) solar electric technology will be a significant contributor to world energy supplies when reliable, efficient PV power products are manufactured in large volumes at low cost. Expert chapters cover the full range of semiconductor materials for solar-to-electricity conversion, from crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon to cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium sulfide selenides, dye sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, and environmentally friendly copper zinc tin sulfide selenides. The latest methods for synthesis and characterization of solar cell materials are described, together with techniques for measuring solar cell efficiency. Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells presents the current state of the art as well as key details about future strategies to increase the efficiency and reduce costs, with particular focus on how to reduce the gap between laboratory scale efficiency and commercial module efficiency. This book will aid materials scientists and engineers in identifying research priorities to fulfill energy needs, and will also enable researchers to understand novel semiconductor materials that are emerging in the solar market. This integrated approach also gives science and engineering students a sense of the excitement and relevance of materials science in the development of novel semiconductor materials. · Provides a comprehensive introduction to solar PV cell materials · Reviews current and future status of solar cells with respect to cost and efficiency · Covers the full range of solar cell materials, from silicon and thin films to dye sensitized and organic solar cells · Offers an in-depth account of the semiconductor material strategies and directions for further research · Features detailed tables on the world leaders in efficiency demonstrations · Edited by scientists with experience in both research and industry

Polymeric Solar Cells

Polymeric Solar Cells Book
Author : Frederik C. Krebs
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1605950173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Book offers a comprehensive treatment of nonhybrid polymeric solar cells from the basic chemistry of donor and acceptor materials through device design, processing and manufacture. Written by a team of Europe-based experts, the text shows the steps and strategies of successfully moving from the science of solar cells to commercial device production. Chapters focus on technologies that lead to increased efficiencies, longer usable life and lower costs. Highlighted are ways to fabricate solar cells from a range of polymers and develop them into marketable commodities. Special consideration is given to solar cells as intellectual property.

Materials Concepts for Solar Cells

Materials Concepts for Solar Cells Book
Author : Thomas Dittrich
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2018-01-30
ISBN : 1786344505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A modern challenge is for solar cell materials to enable the highest solar energy conversion efficiencies, at costs as low as possible, and at an energy balance as sustainable as necessary in the future. This textbook explains the principles, concepts and materials used in solar cells. It combines basic knowledge about solar cells and the demanded criteria for the materials with a comprehensive introduction into each of the four classes of materials for solar cells, i.e. solar cells based on crystalline silicon, epitaxial layer systems of III-V semiconductors, thin-film absorbers on foreign substrates, and nano-composite absorbers. In this sense, it bridges a gap between basic literature on the physics of solar cells and books specialized on certain types of solar cells. The last five years had several breakthroughs in photovoltaics and in the research on solar cells and solar cell materials. We consider them in this second edition. For example, the high potential of crystalline silicon with charge-selective hetero-junctions and alkaline treatments of thin-film absorbers, based on chalcopyrite, enabled new records. Research activities were boosted by the class of hybrid organic-inorganic metal halide perovskites, a promising newcomer in the field. This is essential reading for students interested in solar cells and materials for solar cells. It encourages students to solve tasks at the end of each chapter. It has been well applied for postgraduate students with background in materials science, engineering, chemistry or physics.

High Efficiency Solar Cells

High Efficiency Solar Cells Book
Author : Xiaodong Wang,Zhiming M. Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-01
ISBN : 3319019880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As part of the effort to increase the contribution of solar cells (photovoltaics) to our energy mix, this book addresses three main areas: making existing technology cheaper, promoting advanced technologies based on new architectural designs, and developing new materials to serve as light absorbers. Leading scientists throughout the world create a fundamental platform for knowledge sharing that combines the physics, materials, and device architectures of high-efficiency solar cells. While providing a comprehensive introduction to the field, the book highlights directions for further research, and is intended to stimulate readers’ interest in the development of novel materials and technologies for solar energy applications.

Solar Cell Technology and Applications

Solar Cell Technology and Applications Book
Author : A. R. Jha
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-10-14
ISBN : 9781420081787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy experts predict that wholesale electricity prices could easily rise 35 to 65 percent by 2015. Add to this the growing need for energy independence and the need to reduce carbon emissions and it is very clear that the development of low-cost renewable energy, such as solar energy, is essential for our economy and our national security. With t

Power to the People

Power to the People Book
Author : Martin A. Green
Publisher : UNSW Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780868405544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traces the history of the development of photovoltaics, charts the current research priorities, and shows how solar energy is being tapped in a variety of innovative cases.

Solar Cell Device Physics

Solar Cell Device Physics Book
Author : Stephen Fonash
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323154638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar Cell Device Physics offers a balanced, in-depth qualitative and quantitative treatment of the physical principles and operating characteristics of solar cell devices. Topics covered include photovoltaic energy conversion and solar cell materials and structures, along with homojunction solar cells. Semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunction cells and surface-barrier solar cells are also discussed. This book consists of six chapters and begins by introducing the reader to the basic physical principles and materials properties that are the foundations of photovoltaic energy conversion, with emphasis on various photovoltaic devices capable of efficiently converting solar energy into usable electrical energy. The electronic and optical properties of crystalline, polycrystalline, and amorphous materials with both organic and inorganic materials are considered, together with the manner in which these properties change from one material class to another and the implications of such changes for photovoltaics. Generation, recombination, and bulk transport are also discussed. The two mechanisms of photocarrier collection in solar cells, drift and diffusion, are then compared. The remaining chapters focus on specific solar cell device classes defined in terms of the interface structure employed: homojunctions, semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunctions, and surface-barrier devices. This monograph is appropriate for use as a textbook for graduate students in engineering and the sciences and for seniors in electrical engineering and applied physics, as well as a reference book for those actively involved in solar cell research and development.

Solar Cells

Solar Cells Book
Author : S. K. Sharma,Khuram Ali
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-07
ISBN : 3030363546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the rapidly developing class of solar cell materials and designed to provide much needed information on the fundamental principles of these materials, together with how these are employed in photovoltaic applications. A special emphasize have been given for the space applications through study of radiation tolerant solar cells. This book present a comprehensive research outlining progress on the synthesis, fabrication and application of solar cells from fundamental to device technology and is helpful for graduate students, researchers, and technologists engaged in research and development of materials.

Thin Film Solar Cells

Thin Film Solar Cells Book
Author : Yoshihiro Hamakawa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-10-23
ISBN : 9783540439455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive book on thin-film solar cells, potentially a key technology for solving the energy production problem in the 21st century in an environmentally friendly way. It covers a wide range of scientific and technological aspects of thin film semiconductors - deposition technologies, growth mechanisms and the basic properties of amorphous and nano-crystalline silicon - as well as the optimum design theory and device physics of high-efficiency solar cells, especially of single-junction and multi-junction solar cells. The development of large-area solar cell modules using single and multi-junction solar cells is also considered. Examples of recent photovoltaic systems are presented and analysed.

How Do Solar Panels Work

How Do Solar Panels Work  Book
Author : Richard Hantula
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release : 2010-03-06
ISBN : 1438128088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains the science behind solar panels that will be an important part of our energy future.

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,El Hadji Mamour Sakho,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Oluwatobi Samuel Oluwafemi,Jihuai Wu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 0128133384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications provides a review of recent developments in the field of nanomaterials based solar cells. It begins with a discussion of the fundamentals of nanomaterials for solar calls, including a discussion of lifecycle assessments and characterization techniques. Next, it reviews various types of solar cells, i.e., Thin film, Metal-oxide, Nanowire, Nanorod and Nanoporous materials, and more. Other topics covered include a review of quantum dot sensitized and perovskite and polymer nanocomposites-based solar cells. This book is an ideal resource for those working in this evolving field of nanomaterials and renewable energy. Provides a well-organized approach to the use of nanomaterials for solar cell applications Discusses the synthesis, characterization and applications of traditional and new material Includes coverage of emerging nanomaterials, such as graphene, graphene-derivatives and perovskites

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells Book
Author : Juan Bisquert
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 1351395572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such as the lead halide perovskite solar cells. The book establishes from the beginning a simple but very rich model of a solar cell, in order to develop and understand step by step the photovoltaic operation according to fundamental physical properties and constraints. It emphasizes the aspects pertaining to the functioning of a solar cell and the determination of limiting efficiencies of energy conversion. The final chapters of the book establish a more refined and realistic treatment of the many factors that determine the actual performance of experimental devices: transport gradients, interfacial recombination, optical losses and so forth. The book finishes with a short review of additional important aspects of solar energy conversion, such as the photonic aspects of spectral modification, and the direct conversion of solar photons to chemical fuel via electrochemical reactions.

Perovskite Solar Cells Principle Materials And Devices

Perovskite Solar Cells  Principle  Materials And Devices Book
Author : Diau Eric Wei-guang,Chen Peter Chao-yu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-09-04
ISBN : 9813222530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy and climate change are two of the most critical issues nowadays. These two topics are also correlated to each other. Fossil fuels are the main energy supplies that have been used in modern history since the industrial revolution. The impact of CO2 emission has been a major concern for its effect on global warming and other consequences. In addition, fossil fuels are not unlimited. Due to the increasing demands for energy supplies, alternative renewable, sustainable, environmentally friendly energy resources are desirable. Solar energy is an unlimited, clean, and renewable energy source, which can be considered to replace the energy supply of fossil fuel. The silicon solar cell is one of the dominant photovoltaic technologies currently, which converting sunlight directly into electric power with around 20% efficiency. This technique was been widely used in mainstream solar energy applications for decades, though the relatively energy-demanding production process remained with challenges to be resolved. Recently, emerging photovoltaic technologies such as organometal halide hybrid perovskite solar cell has attracted tremendous attention due to their promising power conversion efficiencies (over 22%) and ease of fabrication. Their progress roadmap is unprecedented in photovoltaic history from the material development and efficiency advancement perspective. Beyond the rapid progress achieved in the last few years, it is expected that this novel technology would make an impact on the future solar cell market providing long-term stability and Pb content issues are addressed. These challenges rely on a better understanding of materials and device function principles. The scope of this book is to provide a collection on the recent investigations from fundamental process, materials development to device optimization for perovskite solar cells. Contents: Additive-Assisted Controllable Growth of Perovskites (Yixin Zhao and Kai Zhu)Control of Film Morphology for High Performance Perovskite Solar Cells (Cheng-Min Tsai, Hau-Shiang Shiu, Hui-Ping Wu and Eric Wei-Guang Diau)Sensitization and Functions of Porous Titanium Dioxide Electrodes in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Organolead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells (Seigo Ito)P-Type and Inorganic Hole Transporting Materials for Perovskite Solar Cells (Ming-Hsien Li, Yu-Hsien Chiang, Po-Shen Shen, Sean Sung-Yen Juang and Peter Chao-Yu Chen)Hole Conductor Free Organometal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells: Properties and Different Architectures (Sigalit Aharon and Lioz Etgar)Stability Issues of Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Lead Perovskite Solar Cells (Dan Li and Mingkui Wang)Time-Resolved Photoconductivity Measurements on Organometal Halide Perovskites (Eline M Hutter, Tom J Savenije and Carlito S Ponseca Jr) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in chemistry, materials science and photovoltaics. Keywords: Perovskite Solar Cells;Hole Transporting Materials;Stability;THz SpectroscopyReview:0