Skip to main content

Soil Remediation And Plants

In Order to Read Online or Download Soil Remediation And Plants Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Soil Remediation and Plants

Soil Remediation and Plants Book
Author : Khalid Hakeem,Muhammad Sabir,Munir Ozturk,Ahmet Ruhi Mermut
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-08-29
ISBN : 0127999132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The soil is being contaminated continuously by a large number of pollutants. Among them, heavy metals are an exclusive group of toxicants because they are stable and difficult to disseminate into non-toxic forms. The ever-increasing concentrations of such pollutants in the soil are considered serious threats toward everyone’s health and the environment. Many techniques are used to clean, eliminate, obliterate or sequester these hazardous pollutants from the soil. However, these techniques can be costly, labor intensive, and often disquieting. Phytoremediation is a simple, cost effective, environmental friendly and fast-emerging new technology for eliminating toxic heavy metals and other related soil pollutants. Soil Remediation and Plants provides a common platform for biologists, agricultural engineers, environmental scientists, and chemists, working with a common aim of finding sustainable solutions to various environmental issues. The book provides an overview of ecosystem approaches and phytotechnologies and their cumulative significance in relation to solving various environmental problems. Identifies the molecular mechanisms through which plants are able to remediate pollutants from the soil Examines the challenges and possibilities towards the various phytoremediation candidates Includes the latest research and ongoing progress in phytoremediation

Heavy Metal Contamination of Soils

Heavy Metal Contamination of Soils Book
Author : Irena Sherameti,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-06
ISBN : 3319145266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Following a description of the various sources and factors influencing the contents of heavy metal pollution in post-catastrophic and agricultural soils, subsequent chapters examine soil enzymes and eggs as bio-monitors, lead adsorption, the effects of arsenic on microbial diversity, and the effects of Mediterranean grasslands on abandoned mines. A third section focuses on the adaptation strategies used by plants and bacteria, such as Pinus sylvestris in industrial areas, and the rhizosphere in contaminated tropical soils and soil treated with sewage sludge. Further topics addressed include strategies of bioremediation, e.g. using transgenic plants as tools for soil remediation. This new volume on heavy metals in soil will be of interest to researchers and scholars in microbial and plant biotechnology, agriculture, the environmental sciences and soil ecology.

Soil Remediation and Rehabilitation

Soil Remediation and Rehabilitation Book
Author : Helmut Meuser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-11
ISBN : 9400757514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of remediation and rehabilitation techniques and strategies for contaminated and anthropogenically disturbed land. Rehabilitation approaches in the urban environment, such as brownfield redevelopment and urban mining, are discussed. In relation to contaminated land, techniques for soil containment and decontamination of soil, soil vapour and groundwater are comprehensively and systematically presented. Complicated treatment techniques are schematically depicted and can be readily understood. Agricultural, silvicultural and environmentally sustainable rehabilitation strategies for reclaiming disturbed land/terrain in former mining or natural-resource extraction areas, such as open-cast mines, quarries, harvested peatlands, and subsided mining terrain (sinkholes), are introduced. This book will be a useful tool for students, researchers, private consultants and public authorities engaged in the treatment of contaminated or disturbed land.

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils Book
Author : Bhupendra Koul,Pooja Taak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-15
ISBN : 9789811324192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive collection of various in situ and ex-situ soil remediation regimes that employ natural or genetically modified microbes, plants, and animals for the biodegradation of toxic compounds or hazardous waste into simpler non-toxic products. These techniques are demonstrated to be functionally effective in connection with physical, chemical, and biological strategies. Soil and water contamination through heavy metals, hydrocarbons and radioactive wastes is of global concern, as these factors have cumulative effects on the environment and human health through food-chain contamination. The book discusses the utilization of algae, plants, plant-associated bacteria, fungi (endophytic or rhizospheric) and certain lower animals for the sustainable bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. In addition, it explores a number of more recent techniques like biochar and biofilms for carbon sequestration, soil conditioning and remediation, and water remediation. It highlights a number of recent advances in nanobioremediation, an emerging technology based on biosynthetic nanoparticles. Lastly, it presents illustrative case studies and highlights the successful treatment of polluted soils by means of these strategies.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation Book
Author : Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Ritu Gill,Guy R. Lanza,Lee Newman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 3319996517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This text details the plant-assisted remediation method, “phytoremediation”, which involves the interaction of plant roots and associated rhizospheric microorganisms for the remediation of soil contaminated with high levels of metals, metalloids, fuel and oil hydrocarbons, nano particles, pesticides, solvents, organic compounds and various other contaminants. Many chapters highlight and compare the efficiency and economic advantages of phytoremediation and nano-phytoremediation to currently practiced soil and water treatment practices. Volume 6 of Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants continues the series. Taken together, the six volumes provide a broad–based global synopsis of the current applications of phytoremediation using plants and the microbial communities associated with their roots to decontaminate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants Fourth Edition

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants  Fourth Edition Book
Author : Alina Kabata-Pendias
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-10-18
ISBN : 9781420093681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Still the Gold Standard Resource on Trace Elements and Metals in Soils This highly anticipated fourth edition of the bestselling Trace Elements in Soils and Plants reflects the explosion of research during the past decade regarding the presence and actions of trace elements in the soil-plant environment. The book provides information on the biogeochemistry of these elements and explores how they affect food quality. Incorporating data from over 1500 new resources, this edition includes the most up-to-date information on the relationship of trace elements to topics such as: Soil natural/background contents Sorption/desorption processes Anthropogenic impact and soil phytoremediation Phytoavailability and functions in plants Contents of food plants The book discusses the assessment of the natural/background content of trace elements in soil, bioindication of the chemical status of environmental compartments, soil remediation, and hyperaccumulation and phytoextraction of trace metals from the soil. The table of contents reflects the IUPAC’s recommendation for numbering element groups, giving the new edition an updated organizational flow. Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, Fourth Edition illustrates why trace elements’ behavior in soil controls their transfer in the food chain, making this book an invaluable reference for agronomists, soil and plant scientists, nutritionists, and geochemists.

Biotechnology for the Environment Soil Remediation

Biotechnology for the Environment  Soil Remediation Book
Author : Spiros Agathos,Walter Reineke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-11-30
ISBN : 9781402010514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

At the dawn of the 21st century, biotechnology is emerging as a key enabling technology for sustainable environmental protection and stewardship. Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation offers a state-of-the-art account of environmental biotechnology both in emerging and in more mature technological applications of soil remediation and cleanup of contaminated sites. Harnessing the potential of microorganisms and plants as eco-efficient and robust cleanup agents in a variety of practical situations is not only possible but is becoming widespread practice. Chapters are featured on current experience and trends in bioremediation of contaminated soil, life cycle assessment software tools for remediation planning, ex situ cleanup technologies using slurry reactors, implementation of anaerobic and aerobic in situ processes including monitored natural attenuation, complementary technologies on pesticide immobilisation in soil or humification of nitroaromatics, and, finally, phytoremediation of recalcitrant organic compounds and heavy metals. For more information on Strategy and Fundamentals, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3A, and for more information on Waste Water and Waste Gas Handling, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3C.

Radionuclide Contamination and Remediation Through Plants

Radionuclide Contamination and Remediation Through Plants Book
Author : Dharmendra Kumar Gupta,Clemens Walther
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-14
ISBN : 3319076655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book focuses on the mechanistic (microscopic) understanding of radionuclide uptake by plants in contaminated soils and potential use of phytoremediation. The key features concern radionuclide toxicity in plants, how the radioactive materials are absorbed by plants, and how the plants cope with the toxic responses. The respective chapters examine soil classification, natural plant selection, speciation of actinides, kinetic modeling, and case studies on cesium uptake after radiation accidents. Radionuclide contaminants pose serious problems for biological systems, due to their chemical toxicity and radiological effects. The processes by which radionuclides can be incorporated into vegetation can either originate from activity interception by external plant surfaces (either directly from the atmosphere or from resuspended material), or through uptake of radionuclides via the root system. Subsequent transfer of toxic elements to the human food chain is a concrete danger. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms and genetic basis of transport into and within plants needs to be understood for two reasons: The effectiveness of radionuclide uptake into crop plants – so-called transfer coefficient – is a prerequisite for the calculation of dose due to the food path. On the other hand, efficient radionuclide transfer into plants can be made use of for decontamination of land – so-called phytoremediation, the direct use of living, green plants for in situ removal of pollutants from the environment or to reduce their concentrations to harmless levels.

Biomanagement of Metal Contaminated Soils

Biomanagement of Metal Contaminated Soils Book
Author : Mohammad Saghir Khan,Almas Zaidi,Reeta Goel,Javed Musarrat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 9789400719149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Heavy-metal contamination is one of the world's major environmental problems, posing significant risks to agro-ecosystems. Conventional technologies employed for heavy-metal remediation have often been expensive and disruptive. This book provides comprehensive, state-of-the-art coverage of the natural, sustainable alternatives that use a wide range of biological materials in the removal/detoxification of heavy metals, consequently leading to the improvement of crops in these soils. Novel, environmentally friendly and inexpensive solutions are presented based on a sound understanding of metal contamination and the roles of plants and microbes in the management of these toxic soils. Written by worldwide experts, the book provides not only the necessary scientific background but also addresses the challenging questions that require special attention in order to better understand metal toxicity in soils and its management through bioremediation.

Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water

Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water Book
Author : Norman Terry,Gary S. Banuelos
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1439822654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Phytoremediation is an exciting, new technology that utilizes metal-accumulating plants to rid soil of heavy metal and radionuclides. Hyperaccumulation plants are an appealing and economical alternative to current methods of soil recovery. Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water is the most thorough literary examination of the subject available today. The successful implementation of phytoremediation depends on identifying plant material that is well adapted to specific toxic sites. Gentle remediation is then applied in situ, or at the contamination site. No soil excavation or transport is necessary. This severely contains the potential risk of the pollutants entering the food chain. And it's cost effective. The progress of modern man has created many sites contaminated with heavy metals. The effected land is toxic to plants and animals , which creates considerable public interest in remediation. But the commonly used remedies are ex situ, which poses an expensive dilemma and an even greater threat. Phytoremediation offers the prospect of a cheaper and healthier way to deal with this problem. Read Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water to learn just how far this burgeoning technology has developed.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation Book
Author : Steven C. McCutcheon,Jerald L. Schnoor
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-04-05
ISBN : 9780471459323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Phytormediation is an exciting new method for controlling and cleaning up hazardous wastes using green plants. This book is the first to compile the state of the science and engineering arts in this rapidly advancing field. Phytormediation: - Approaches the subject from the perspectives of biochemistry, genetics, toxicology, and pathway analysis. - Is written by two of the premier experts in the field.

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation Book
Author : Abdeltif Amrane,Dinesh Mohan,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Aymen Amine Assadi,Ghulam Yasin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-29
ISBN : 0128230827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation provides a comprehensive description on basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of soil treatment using nanomaterials. Soil pollution refers to the presence of toxic chemicals in soil. Compared with air and water remediations, soil remediation is technically more challenging due to its complex composition. The synergy between engineering and nanotechnology has resulted in rapid developments in soil remediation. Nanomaterials could offer new routes to address challenging and pressing issues facing soil pollution. This book aims to explore how nanomaterials are used to cleanse polluted soils (organic compounds and heavy metal-contaminated soils) through various nanomaterials-based techniques (chemical/physical/biological techniques and their integrations). Highlights how nanotechnology is being used to more accurately measure soil pollution levels Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient soil remediation techniques and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different nanomaterial-based products for soil repair

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants Third Edition

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants  Third Edition Book
Author : Alina Kabata-Pendias
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-11-08
ISBN : 9780849315756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Contemporary legislation respecting environmental protection and public health, at both national and international levels, are based on data that characterize chemical properties of environmental phenomena, especially those that reside in our food chain. Thus, environmental and food quality are now matters of major public concern and therefore a system of metrology in trace analysis has recently been developed at the international level. This new edition of a bestseller highlights the significance of anthropogenic factors in changing the trace element status in soils and plants. Written by Dr. Alina Kabata-Pendias, a world-renowned plant and soil scientist, Trace Elements in Soil and Plants, Third Edition incorporates recent data from about 400 respected sources. These data present the most recent research on topical issues such as the assessment of natural/background content of trace elements in soil; bioindication of chemical status of environmental compartments; soil remediation; and hyperaccumulation and hyperextraction of trace metals from the soil. Discussions of the health-related significance of trace elements in food are also included. This third edition presents an overview of the principal pathways from soils to plants. The author provides the background for a more profound understanding of ways by which chemical processes operate in both polluted and unpolluted conditions of the soil-plant system. The current review of recent soil-plant findings offered by Trace Elements in Soil and Plants, Third Edition renders the book an indispensable reference.

Plant Responses to Soil Pollution

Plant Responses to Soil Pollution Book
Author : Pratibha Singh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-21
ISBN : 9811549648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Plant Responses to Soil Pollution book written by Pratibha Singh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria s PGPRS Enzyme Dynamics in Soil Remediation

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria s  PGPRS  Enzyme Dynamics in Soil Remediation Book
Author : Metin Turan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Soil is the basis of agriculture and consists of organic matters, minerals, water, and several gasses. All plants require soil both as an anchor to attach and as water and nutrient source. Unfortunately, lifestyles of humans, industrial progress, chemicals used in agriculture contaminate soil and cause soil pollution. A pollutant may be natural or human-made in origin such as petroleum hydrocarbons, pesticides, heavy metals, and solvents. Since the quality of the soil affects the growth and product yield of plants, soil pollution is a crucial problem needs to be addressed urgently. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are microorganisms living in soil, on the plants roots, or inside the plant. PGPRs synthesize chemicals to stimulate plant growth and promote nutrient uptake, help degrading soil pollutants and fending off pathogens. While some pollutants can be degraded by enzymes produced by bacteria and fungi, degradation of heavy metals requires alternative methods. In this chapter, three enzymes produced by PGPRs are reviewed briefly. Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase is responsible of lowering the ethylene levels of plants during stress conditions, whereas nitrogenase is responsible for N2 reduction to NH3. Moreover, phytase enables the degradation of phytate which is a main storage form of phosphate in plants.

Biotechnology for the Environment Soil Remediation

Biotechnology for the Environment  Soil Remediation Book
Author : Spiros Agathos,Walter Reineke
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-12-09
ISBN : 9789048161881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

At the dawn of the 21st century, biotechnology is emerging as a key enabling technology for sustainable environmental protection and stewardship. Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation offers a state-of-the-art account of environmental biotechnology both in emerging and in more mature technological applications of soil remediation and cleanup of contaminated sites. Harnessing the potential of microorganisms and plants as eco-efficient and robust cleanup agents in a variety of practical situations is not only possible but is becoming widespread practice. Chapters are featured on current experience and trends in bioremediation of contaminated soil, life cycle assessment software tools for remediation planning, ex situ cleanup technologies using slurry reactors, implementation of anaerobic and aerobic in situ processes including monitored natural attenuation, complementary technologies on pesticide immobilisation in soil or humification of nitroaromatics, and, finally, phytoremediation of recalcitrant organic compounds and heavy metals. For more information on Strategy and Fundamentals, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3A, and for more information on Waste Water and Waste Gas Handling, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3C.

Plant Based Remediation Processes

Plant Based Remediation Processes Book
Author : Dharmendra Kumar Gupta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 3642355641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that employs higher plants for the clean-up of contaminated environments. Basic and applied research have unequivocally demonstrated that selected plant species possess the genetic potential to accumulate, degrade, metabolize and immobilize a wide range of contaminants. The main focus of this volume is on the recent advances of technologies using green plants for remediation of various metals and metalloids. Topics include biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution, amendments of higher uptake of toxic metals, transport of heavy metals in plants, and toxicity mechanisms. Further chapters discuss agro-technological methods for minimizing pollution while improving soil quality, transgenic approaches to heavy metal remediation and present protocols for metal remediation via in vitro root cultures.

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination Book
Author : Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-03-26
ISBN : 953511235X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Plant Metal Interaction

Plant Metal Interaction Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 9780128031582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Plant Metal Interaction: Emerging Remediation Techniques covers different heavy metals and their effect on soils and plants, along with the remediation techniques currently available. As cultivable land is declining day-by-day as a result of increased metals in our soil and water, there is an urgent need to remediate these effects. This multi-contributed book is divided into four sections covering the whole of plant metal interactions, including heavy metals, approaches to alleviate heavy metal stress, microbial approaches to remove heavy metals, and phytoremediation. Provides an overview of the effect of different heavy metals on growth, biochemical reactions, and physiology of various plants Serves as a reference guide for available techniques, challenges, and possible solutions in heavy metal remediation Covers sustainable technologies in uptake and removal of heavy metals

Unraveling of Plant soil microbe Interactions for Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soils Considering Future Climate Change Impacts

Unraveling of Plant soil microbe Interactions for Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soils Considering Future Climate Change Impacts Book
Author : Ying Ma
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-12-01
ISBN : 9781634842501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Anthropogenic activities and pedogenesis of soils derived from ultramafic rocks have caused heavy metal contamination worldwide. During the last two decades, phytoremediation has emerged as a potential eco-friendly tool to clean up heavy metal contaminated environments. However, various climatic stresses (eg: drought, extreme temperature, etc.) can affect physiobiochemical activities of remediating plants as well as heavy metal bioavailability in soils, therefore hampering phytoremediation efficiency. This situation could be ameliorated by exploring the plant-microbe partnership, which can improve plant growth and facilitate plant metal uptake. Plants are able to bioconcentrate (phytoextraction), bioimmobilize (phytostabilization), and/or biotransform (phytovolatilization) heavy metals via in situ rhizosphere processes. The speciation, mobilization, immobilization and distribution of heavy metals in the rhizosphere where root uptake or exclusion takes place, are critical factors that affect the phytoremediation process. Moreover, the effects of climatic stresses on plant growth and metal accumulation vary substantially across physic-chemical-biological properties of the environments and plants used. Developing microbe-assisted phytoremediation for either enhancing (phytoextraction) or reducing (phytostabilization) metal bioavailability in the rhizosphere as well as improving plant establishment, growth and health could significantly speed up the process of bioremediation techniques. In this book, topics of contemporary importance are covered including plant-soil-microbe interactions at the: Molecular level (molecular signals and quorum sensing); Cellular and organismal level (establishment of associative symbiosis of plant and microbes); Biogeochemical level (heavy metal detoxification, mobilization, immobilization, transformation, transport and distribution); Ecosystem level (mechanisms involved in plant-microbe-metal interactions) and at the Technological application level (case study of using plant growth to promote rhizobacterium for phytoremediation). Additionally, climate change effects on plant-metal-microbe interactions and phytoremediation are also included. This book brings a state-of-the-art review on microbe-assisted phytoremediation resulting from plant-microbe-metal interactions, providing high quality academic knowledge and understanding of this remediation technology.