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Plant Responses to Soil Pollution

Plant Responses to Soil Pollution Book
Author : Pratibha Singh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-02
ISBN : 9811549648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plant Responses to Soil Pollution book written by Pratibha Singh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution Book
Author : Bruno Yaron,Raoul Calvet,Rene Prost
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642611478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The soil is the medium through which pollutants originating from human activities, both in agriculture and industry, move from the land surfaces to groundwater. Polluting substances are subject to complex physical, chemical and biological transformations during their movement through the soil. Their displacement depends on the transport properties of the water-air-soil system and on the molecular properties of the pollutants. Prediction of soil pollution and restoration of polluted soils requires an under standing of the processes controlling the fate of pollutants in the soil medium and of the dynamics of the contaminants in the un saturated zone. Our book was conceived· as a basic overview of the processes governing the behavior of pollutants as affected by soil constituents and environmental factors. It was written for the use of specialists working on soil and unsaturated zone pollution and restoration, as well as for graduate students starting research in this field. Since many specialists working on soil restoration lack a back ground in soil science or a knowledge of the properties of soil pollutants, we have included this information which forms the first part of the book. In the second part, we discuss the partitioning of pollutants between the aqueous, solid and gaseous phase of the soil medium. The retention, transformation and transport of pollutants in the soils form the third section.

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution Book
Author : Dinesh mani S. G. Misra
Publisher : APH Publishing
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9788131304723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Soil Pollution book written by Dinesh mani S. G. Misra, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution Book
Author : Armando C. Duarte,Anabela Cachada,Teresa A.P. Rocha-Santos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-18
ISBN : 0128498722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Pollution: From Monitoring to Remediation provides comprehensive information on soil pollution, including causes, distribution, transport, the transformation and fate of pollutants in soil, and metabolite accumulation. The book covers organic, inorganic and nanoparticle pollutants and methodologies for their monitoring. Features a critical discussion on ecotoxicological and human effects of soil pollution, and strategies for soil protection and remediation. Meticulously organized, this is an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals, providing up-to-date foundational content for those already familiar with the field. Chapters are highly accessible, offering an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and undergraduate students alike. Highlights the relevance of soil pollution for a sustainable environment in chapters written by interdisciplinary expert academics and professionals from around the world Includes cases studies of techniques used to monitor soil pollution Includes a chapter on nanoparticles as soil pollutants Offers comprehensive coverage of soil pollution including types and causes

Soil Pollution And Soil Organisms

Soil Pollution And Soil Organisms Book
Author : P.C. Mishra
Publisher : APH Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9788131303443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Indian context; contributed articles.

Soil Pollution An Emerging Threat to Agriculture

Soil Pollution   An Emerging Threat to Agriculture Book
Author : Jayanta K. Saha,Rajendiran Selladurai,M. Vassanda Coumar,M.L. Dotaniya,Samaresh Kundu,Ashok K. Patra
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-19
ISBN : 9789811042737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides reader with a comprehensive up-to-date overview of various aspects of soil pollutants manifestation of toxicity. The book highlights their interactions with soil constituents, their toxicity to agro-ecosystem & human health, methodologies of toxicity assessment along with remediation technologies for the polluted land by citing case studies. It gives special emphasis on scenario of soil pollution threats in developing countries and ways to counteract these in low cost ways which have so far been ignored. It also explicitly highlights the need for soil protection policy and identifies its key considerations after analyzing basic functions of soil and the types of threats perceived. This book will be a useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the field of environmental and agricultural sciences, as well as for personnel involved in environmental impact assessment and policy making.

Agriculture and Soil Pollution

Agriculture and Soil Pollution Book
Author : James V. Livingston
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781594543104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agriculture & Soil Pollution New Research

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY WATER AND SOIL POLLUTION

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY  WATER AND SOIL POLLUTION Book
Author : Dr. Vijendra Singh
Publisher : Horizon Books ( A Division of Ignited Minds Edutech P Ltd)
Release : 2021-08-02
ISBN : 9386369974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

INTRODUCTION Environmental science is the systematic study of the interaction of two worlds. The word ‘Environment’ is derived from an old French word ‘environ’ meaning ‘encircle’. The environment consists of four segments: atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere. Among all of substances, water is a marvelous substance on earth. Water is one of the abundantly available substances in nature. Water is essential for all kinds of life and is the medium in which all living processes occur. Water is renewable source, but renewable takes time. The hydrological cycle constantly purifies and redistributes fresh water on landmasses, providing endless renewable resource. At present, there are many environmental issues, which have grown in size and complexity day by day, threatening the survival of mankind and all living organisms on earth. Unfortunately, with progress in science and technology, man has been dumping waste material into atmosphere and causing pollution. Environmental pollution can be divided among the categories of water, air and soil pollution. Emission of pollutants in air, water and soil has caused considerable damage to our environment. Water pollution disturbs the normal uses of water for irrigation, agriculture, industries, public water supply and aquatic life. Most of the human activities produce liquid effluents, which are the prime cause of water pollution. Rapid increase in population, intensive agriculture, growing industrialization and urbanization has resulted in progressive deterioration in the quality of water in our natural reservoirs. Most of the water related diseases are some way or other concerned with the polluted water supply. Water borne infections diseases like cholera, dysentery, typhoid, jaundice and worm infection are still the major public health problems in developing countries. Another substance, which plays a very important role, is soil as it produces food for human beings and animals. Soil is a complex of physical and biological systems, which give support to the plants and supplies water and essential nutrients to them. It is the main reservoir of the minerals essential for normal growth of the plants. The soil consists of four major components, i.e. mineral matter, organic matter, soil air and soil water. All these components cannot be separated with much satisfaction because they are present very intimately mixed with each other. With careful husbandry, soil can be replenished and renewed indefinitely. Hazardous chemicals heavily pollute soil day by day. Disposal of industrial waste is the major problem responsible for soil pollution. These waste products are also tipped on soil, enhancing the extent of soil pollution. As a result, hazardous chemicals can enter into human food chain from the soil or water, disturb the biochemical process and finally lead to serious effects on living organisms. Large-scale soil and water pollution is one of the primary factors behind the high prevalence of soil and water borne diseases. Soil degradation can reduce the quality of our food, whereas deforestation can reduce the availability plants to make current medicines and medicines for the future. Heavy metal pollution has also a serious impact. Metal pollution can affect all environments but its effects most long lasting in soil. Drinking is one of the major routes of intake of heavy metals by the human body. Soil contamination should be a primary concern in India, because the country relies heavily on agriculture. Toxic metal is the one, which is neither essential nor beneficial but exhibits a positive catastrophic effect on normal metabolic function even when present in small amounts and may, at times, be responsible for permanent disorders or malfunctioning of organ system leading finally to death. This BOOK consists of five chapters. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION This chapter is divided into two parts: 1A: WATER This part contains Introduction of Water, Properties of Water, Major Water Compartments, Types & Forms of Water, Water and its Significance, Potability of Water, Water Consumption Pattern & Demand, Water Resources, Water Quality for Irrigation and Ground Water Quality Status in Rajasthan. 1B: SOIL & VEGETATION This part contains Introduction of Soil, What is Soil?, Composition of Soil, Process of Soil Formation, Soil Profile, Soil Texture, Types of Soil, Soil pH, Life on Soil, Macro and Micro Plant Nutrients, Functions of Various Nutrients and Agricultural Status w.r.t. Soil. CHAPTER 2: WATER & SOIL POLLUTION This chapter is divided into two parts: 2A: WATER POLLUTION (i) This part contains Environmental Pollution, Water Pollution, Causes of Water Pollution, Sources of Water Pollution, Types of Water Pollution, Classification of Pollutants, Types of Pollutants, Characteristics of Fresh Water, Chemical Characteristics of Water, Characteristics of Industrial Wastes, Control of Water Pollution, Diseases Caused by Water Pollution, Various Effluents and Their Effects on Aquatic Organisms, Fluoridation and Defluoridation of Water, Water Management, Water Pollution in India and Water Pollution in Rajasthan. (ii) 2B: SOIL POLLUTION This part contains Soil Pollution, Sources of Soil Pollution, Diseases Caused by Soil Pollution, Control of Soil Pollution, Heavy Metal Toxicology, Sources of Heavy Metals and Environment Friendly Technologies. CHAPTER 3: METHODS & METHODOLOGY METHODOLOGY FOR WATER Wastewater samples were collected from eleven different sites from the ‘AMANISHAH NALA’ and groundwater (Hand pump) samples were taken from nine different vicinal locations of various industrial sites. Samples were collected in good quality screw–capped polyethylene bottles of one litre capacity, labeled properly and analyzed in laboratory for their all physico–chemical parameters. Monitoring was done during the three seasons (pre-monsoon, during monsoon and post-monsoon) throughout the two-years from different industrial areas and adjacent places of Jaipur city (June, 2002 to May, 2004). Various physical parameters like pH, EC, DO and TDS, which are important to evaluate the suitability of wastewater for irrigation, were determined on the site with the help of digital portable water analyzer kit (CENTURY–CK–710). For rest of the analysis, water samples were preserved and bought to the laboratory. The chemical analysis carried out for BOD by incubation method, COD by KMnO4 method, Calcium (Ca2+), Magnesium (Mg2+), Chloride (Cl–), Sulphate (SO42–), Carbonate (CO32–) and Bicarbonate (HCO3–) by volumetric titration methods; while Fluoride (F–) by spectrophotometric (AIMIL–C160–80314) & ion selective electrode method and Nitrate (NO3–) by spectrophotometric (ELICO–CL–54D) method; Sodium (Na+), Potassium (K+) by flamephotometry (

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution Book
Author : Ibrahim Mirsal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662054000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This graduate-level text and reference work is unique among the soil literature. It deals with the interdisciplinary fields of soil pollution and remediation. It starts off with a thorough and comprehensible introduction to the relevant fundamentals of mineralogy, chemistry, and soil properties. Readers are thus well prepared to understand the biochemical aspects of soil remediation then presented. The book’s holistic approach and narrative style are complemented by numerous and detailed illustrations. Soil pollution is an asset not only to graduate students and instructors, but also to professionals from the environmental and agricultural sciences, as it provides an integrated overview of previously separately treated material.

Twenty Years of Research and Development on Soil Pollution and Remediation in China

Twenty Years of Research and Development on Soil Pollution and Remediation in China Book
Author : Yongming Luo,Chen Tu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-17
ISBN : 9811060290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the progresses and achievements made in the past 20 years of research on soil pollution and remediation in China, and presents 50 review and research articles from all over China, including Hong Kong and Taiwan. The authors include scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs and managers from 26 universities, 18 institutes, 4 leading enterprises and 2 government environmental protection departments. The contents cover fundamental research on soil pollution and remediation, technical development, project demonstration, policy and governance. The polluted soil/site types include farmland, industrial sites, mining areas and oilfields, with heavy metals (cadmium, arsenic, copper, chromium, mercury, lead, zinc, nickel, etc.), organic pollutants (PAHs, PCBs, organochlorine pesticides, phthalate esters, halogenated hydrocarbons, etc.), and metal–organic mixed pollutants. The remediation techniques mainly include physical and chemical remediation (thermal desorption, soil vapor extraction, in situ advanced chemical oxidation, solidification and stabilization), phytoremediation (phytostabilization, phytoextraction by hyperaccumulators, phyto-prevention by low accumulation plants), bioremediation (microbial adsorption and immobilization, microbial degradation, microbe-enhanced phytoremediation), and combined remediation merging multiple technologies. The governance and policy section mainly explores laws and regulations, criteria and standards, financial guarantees and the industrial market for soil environment and pollution prevention.

Soil Contamination

Soil Contamination Book
Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-12-21
ISBN : 9535128159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book, Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions, is intended to provide an overview on the different environmental consequences of our anthropogenic activities, which has introduced a large number of xenobiotics that the soil cannot, or can only slower, decompose or degrade. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in diverse fields with expertise in soil science, health, toxicology, and other disciplines who contribute and share their findings to take this area forward for future investigations.

Soil Pollution Impacts and Solutions

Soil Pollution  Impacts and Solutions Book
Author : Jacey Murray
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-06-11
ISBN : 9781641161862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An alteration in the natural soil environment, which is caused by the presence of xenobiotic chemicals or other factors, is known as soil pollution. The most common reasons for the contamination and degradation of soil are improper disposal of waste, use of agrochemicals, industrial activity, oil spills, intensive farming, acid rain, etc. Changes in plant metabolism, reduction in crop yields, soil erosion, alteration in the metabolism of microorganisms residing in a soil environment, etc. are some of the primary impacts of soil pollution. Bioremediation, mycoremediation, aeration and phytoremediation are some of the chief remediation strategies that can be used as clean-up interventions. This book provides significant information to help develop a good understanding of soil pollution and its impacts. It includes some of the vital pieces of work being conducted across the world, on various topics related to mitigation solutions and strategies. It will serve as a valuable source of reference for graduate and postgraduate students, as well as experts.

Soil Monitoring

Soil Monitoring Book
Author : Schulin,Desaules,Webster,Steiger
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3034875428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the proceedings of the workshop on "Soil Monitoring: Methods for Early Detection and Surveying of Soil Contamination and Degradation", held at the ETH seminar centre "Stefano Franscini" of Monte Verita, Ascona (Switzerland) from October 18 - 23, 1992. Seventy participants, representing a variety of institutions, nations, and disciplines, discussed the concepts, approaches, status, gaps, problems, and perspectives of soil pollution monitoring. The idea for this workshop came from A. Desaules when he was installing the Swiss National Soil Monitoring Network (NABO) as his doubts about the philosophy of soil monitoring prevailing at that time increased. This philosophy essentially equated soil mo nitoring with repetitive surveys of soil pollutant concentrations at pennanent observation sites. He sought others interested in discussing alternatives, and he found a ready partner in the ETH-Institute for Terrestrial Ecology. Soon it was realized that a discussion of the NABO would immediately raise general questions with respect to the conceptual basis of soil monitoring and that a minimum agreement on this basis was indispensable to discuss more specific problems related to the realization of the NABO. As a result, a workshop was organized whose objectives were in particular (i) an assessment of current knowledge on soil monitoring by pennanent networks, (ii) a syn thesis of the experience from different disciplines related to soil monitoring, (iii) the identification ofresearch gaps with respect to long-tenn and large-scale soil monitoring, and (iv) the design of a platfonn for the development of soil monitoring strategies and methodology.

Trends in Agriculture and Soil Pollution Research

Trends in Agriculture and Soil Pollution Research Book
Author : James V. Livingston
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781594543258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pollution is undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities so that the environment becomes harmful or unfit for living things; especially applicable to the contamination of soil, water, or the atmosphere by the discharge of harmful substances. In addition to the harm, either present or future and known or unknown, to living beings, pollution cleanup and surveillance are enormous financial drains of the economies of the world. This volume details outstanding research covering agriculture and soil pollution.

Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution Book
Author : Chee Kong Yap
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 9781536139419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil pollution receives less attention when compared to air pollution and water pollution. However, soil pollution is grabbing more attention nowadays. Undoubtedly, soil is an indispensable environmental matrix for the growth of any terrestrial plants. Nevertheless, the rapid growth rate of population expansion and urbanization exceeds the sustainability and recovery capability of the ecosystem. This has virtually resulted in soil pollution. The sources of soil pollution can come from various point and non-point sources. Of the obvious and commonest ones are domestic wastes, untreated or insufficient treatment of industrial discharges, husbandry wastes and agricultural uses of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. The purpose of this book is to provide the latest, if not the complete, updated information regarding the soil pollution from three main perspectives, namely, sources, health effects and management strategies in the agricultural and urban areas. The intended readers of this book include academicians, policy-makers, university students, teachers and researchers. This book contains eleven chapters. All chapters in this book consist of sources of pollutants (heavy metal monitoring) (Chapters One, Three, Six, Seven, Eight, Ten and Eleven), the application of the monitoring data for the human health risk assessment (Chapters One, Four, Five and Nine), and lastly, management strategies for the polluted soils (Chapters Two, Ten and Eleven). This book presents a thorough compilation of existing information on soil heavy metal pollution in the form of critical review papers (Chapters One, Two, Ten and Eleven) as well as original research papers (Chapters Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight and Nine). The invitation of prominent scientists from Japan such as Prof. Hideo Okamura (Kobe University, Japan), Prof. Hiroya Harino (Kobe College, Japan), Dr. Ye Feng and Dr. Muzembo Basilua Andre (both from the National Institute of Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan), Prof. Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari (Tarbiat Modares University, Iran), and Dr. Salman Abdo Al-Shami (University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia), who co-authored some of the chapters have helped to improve the quality of the chapters in this book. Additionally, chapters from Prof. Chen-Feng You from the National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan), Prof. Monica Butnariu from Banats University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (Romania) and Dr. Nadi Awad Al-Harbi from Tabuk University (Saudi Arabia) are also important elements in the construction of international readership for this book.

Soil Pollution and Soil Protection

Soil Pollution and Soil Protection Book
Author : F. A. M. de Haan,Marijke I. Visser-Reyneveld
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Pub
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book therefore aims to provide basic information to aid understanding of the complex problem of soil quality and its evaluation.

Complementary Approaches for Using Ecotoxicity Data in Soil Pollution Evaluation

Complementary Approaches for Using Ecotoxicity Data in Soil Pollution Evaluation Book
Author : M. D. Fernandez,Jose V. Tarazona
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2009-01
ISBN : 9781606921050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The assessment of soil quality has usually focused on human health protection as the main objective. Recently, criteria for the protection of ecosystems have been incorporated and ecotoxicological analyses are recommended to estimate the risk to ecological receptors associated with contaminants in soils (Calow, 1993; Stephenson et al., 2002; Loibner et al., 2003; Robidoux et al., 2004b). The ecotoxicological assessment of soils is mostly based on the toxicity test with selected organisms. Two complementary approaches are available. The first approach consists in the identification of toxicity thresholds for each relevant pollutant, thresholds that are based on the evaluation of effects of chemical substances on selected organisms representing relevant ecological receptors. The results of these assays are used for setting soil quality standards for each pollutant or pollutant class. Risk assessment tools can be used for this purpose, pre-establishing acceptable levels of risk. The contamination level is based on the comparison of the concentration of contaminants measured in the soil with the standards established from the thresholds. Although field and semi-field information can be incorporated in the higher tier steps, the thresholds are mostly developed from standardised toxicity assays conducted under laboratory conditions following international (e.g. OECD, ISO) or national (e.g. USEPA, ASTM) guidelines. In the second approach, toxicity assays are performed directly with the contaminated media (soil, water, sediment). This alternative, performing the assays with environmental samples, constitutes the method called direct (eco)toxicity assessment (DTA), and is based on modified bioassays. Most regulations have developed soil quality standards based on toxicity assays. However, due to the limitations in the lab to field extrapolation, trends were directed towards the combination of chemical analysis and DTA (Peterson et al., 1990; Torstensson, 1993; Tørsløv et al., 1997). In this book, both alternatives will be compared. The main difference between both approaches is that in the first case, a reference "uncontaminated" soil sample is spiked with one or a few chemicals at different concentrations, while in the DTA approach real soil samples are collected at the contaminated site, therefore containing a realistic combination of the different pollutants present in the area, the field sample can be then tested and/or "diluted" with "uncontaminated" soil to create a pollution gradient. The toxicity of the spiked or collected/diluted samples is measured and concentration/response relationships obtained in both cases. To understand better this comparison, in this book the term "toxicity test" will be used for the first approach: toxicity tests with samples spiked at the lab; while the term "bioassay" will be used for the DTA approach: samples collected at the field.

Soil Pollution and Soil Protection

Soil Pollution and Soil Protection Book
Author : M.G. Keizer,R. de Goede
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soil Pollution and Soil Protection book written by M.G. Keizer,R. de Goede, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Pollution Assessment Along the E75 Route Section Belgrade PreSevo

Soil Pollution Assessment Along the E75 Route Section Belgrade PreSevo Book
Author : Radmila Pivić,Aleksandra Stanojković-Sebić
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2014-04
ISBN : 9783659533969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study included examination of soil and plant material for the contents of some elements along the route E75 through Serbia, the section from Belgrade to Pre evo, a length of 400 km. European route E75 is part of the International E-road network, which is a series of main roads in Europe. Samples of soil and aerial parts of plant material were sampled from both sides of lanes at a distance of about 8 km and at 10, 30, 50 and 400 m perpendicular to the direction of the route. In the soil samples it were determined pH in 1MKCl and content of total concentrations of the following heavy metals: Cr, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cu, Ni and Hg. The plant materials were analyzed for Cr, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cu, Ni and Hg. It can be concluded that, besides the anthropogenic pollution, which is reflected in the excessive use of plant protection products and fertilizers, and also the impact of air pollution from motor vehicles in certain sections of the examined area, the dominant influence on concentration of some examined elements comes from geochemical composition of parent material from which the soils were developed.

Organic Farming Pest Control and Remediation of Soil Pollutants

Organic Farming  Pest Control and Remediation of Soil Pollutants Book
Author : Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-15
ISBN : 9781402096549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for humans and their children. Sustainable agriculture is a discipline that addresses current issues such as climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, poor-nation starvation, rich-nation obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control, and biodiversity depletion. Novel, environmentally-friendly solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from sciences as diverse as agronomy, soil science, molecular biology, chemistry, toxicology, ecology, economy, and social sciences. Indeed, sustainable agriculture decipher mechanisms of processes that occur from the molecular level to the farming system to the global level at time scales ranging from seconds to centuries. For that, scientists use the system approach that involves studying components and interactions of a whole system to address scientific, economic and social issues. In that respect, sustainable agriculture is not a classical, narrow science. Instead of solving problems using the classical painkiller approach that treats only negative impacts, sustainable agriculture treats problem sources. Because most actual society issues are now intertwined, global, and fast-developing, sustainable agriculture will bring solutions to build a safer world. This book series gathers review articles that analyze current agricultural issues and knowledge, then propose alternative solutions. It will therefore help all scientists, decision-makers, professors, farmers and politicians who wish to build a safe agriculture, energy and food system for future generations.