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Soil Magnetism

Soil Magnetism Book
Author : Neli Jordanova
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-10
ISBN : 0128094958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Magnetism: Applications in Pedology, Environmental Science and Agriculture provides a systematic, comparative, and detailed overview of the magnetic characterization of the major soil units and the observed general relationships, possibilities, and perspectives in application of rock magnetic methods in soil science, agriculture, and beyond. Part I covers detailed magnetic and geochemical characterization of major soil types according to the FAO classification system, with Part II covering the mapping of topsoil magnetic signatures on the basis of soil magnetic characteristics. The book concludes with practical examples on the application of magnetic methods in environmental science, agriculture, soil pollution, and paleoclimate. Provides an overview of the major findings of uncontaminated soil profiles and proposes a system of magnetic characteristics Elucidates the relationship between geochemical and magnetic characteristics of different soil types, providing a basis for wider recognition and application of soil magnetism in classical pedagogical characterization of soils Covers the peculiarities of the main taxonomic soil groups in terms of magnetic mineralogy and depth variations in concentration, grain size, and phase composition of iron oxides

Advances in Magnetism of Soils and Sediments

Advances in Magnetism of Soils and Sediments Book
Author : Sara Satolli,Eric C. Ferre,Myriam Kars,Sarah P. Slotznick,Ricardo I. F. Trindade
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 2889712656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Magnetism of Soils and Sediments book written by Sara Satolli,Eric C. Ferre,Myriam Kars,Sarah P. Slotznick,Ricardo I. F. Trindade, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Magnetism and Its Possible Contribution to Soil Magnetism

Plant Magnetism  and Its Possible Contribution to Soil Magnetism Book
Author : Richard George McClean
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plant Magnetism and Its Possible Contribution to Soil Magnetism book written by Richard George McClean, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Advances in Rock Magnetism Environmental Magnetism and Paleomagnetism

Recent Advances in Rock Magnetism  Environmental Magnetism and Paleomagnetism Book
Author : Danis Nurgaliev,Valery Shcherbakov,Andrei Kosterov,Simo Spassov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-15
ISBN : 331990437X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a collection of papers presented in the International Conference on Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism and Rock Magnetism held in Kazan (Russia) in October 2017. Papers in this book are dedicated to the study of the geomagnetic field through most of the Earth's history as well as planetary and meteorite magnetism, and magnetic signatures of terrestrial impact craters. Recent studies, summaries, and reviews include: 1 - theory of the geomagnetic field, its generation and variations; 2 - experimental data on the geomagnetic field changes; 3 – studies of rock magnetism; 4 – paleotectonic reconstructions and paleoceanography; 5 – magnetostratigraphy; 6 – extraterrestrial magnetism. Summary reports and reviews will be presented by the world’s leading experts in the field of geomagnetic studies. Such workshops held by Academic Council have become traditional. They are always attended by leading professionals from Russia, CIS and non-CIS countries. In addition to discussion sessions focused on recent studies and findings, lectures on some basic concepts of geomagnetism will be delivered by leading Russian and foreign scientists

New Trends in Soil Micromorphology

New Trends in Soil Micromorphology Book
Author : Selim Kapur,Georges Stoops
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-17
ISBN : 3540791345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The soil water retention curve, the saturated hydraulic conductivity and the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function are basic soil hydraulic functions and parameters. Ample apprehension of the soil hydraulic functions and parameters is required for a successful formulation of the principles leading to sustainable soil management, agricultural production and environmental protection. From these, all the other parameters, required in the solution of the practical tasks, are derived. The basic soil hydraulic functions are strongly dependent upon the soil porous system. The development of models is characteristic by the gradual transition from the simplest concepts up to the sophisticated approaches, which should correspond to the visual reality studied by soil micromorphology. 2 Soil Porous System and Soil Micromorphometry 2.1 An Overview on the Quantification of the Soil Porous System Quanti? cation of the soil porous system consists of classi? cation of soil pores, ch- acterization of the soil pores shapes and the estimation of the pore size distribution function. When the hydraulic functions of the soil pores are considered, the following laws of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics are applied as best ? tting to the classi? cation criteria of the size of the pores (Kutilek and Nielsen 1994, p. 20, Kutilek 2004): A. Submicroscopic pores that are so small that they preclude clusters of water molecules from forming ? uid particles or continuous water ? ow paths.

Encyclopedia of Agrophysics

Encyclopedia of Agrophysics Book
Author : Jan Gliński,Józef Horabik,Jerzy Lipiec
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-07
ISBN : 9048135842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Encyclopedia of Agrophysics will provide up-to-date information on the physical properties and processes affecting the quality of the environment and plant production. It will be a "first-up" volume which will nicely complement the recently published Encyclopedia of Soil Science, (November 2007) which was published in the same series. In a single authoritative volume a collection of about 250 informative articles and ca 400 glossary terms covering all aspects of agrophysics will be presented. The authors will be renowned specialists in various aspects in agrophysics from a wide variety of countries. Agrophysics is important both for research and practical use not only in agriculture, but also in areas like environmental science, land reclamation, food processing etc. Agrophysics is a relatively new interdisciplinary field closely related to Agrochemistry, Agrobiology, Agroclimatology and Agroecology. Nowadays it has been fully accepted as an agricultural and environmental discipline. As such this Encyclopedia volume will be an indispensable working tool for scientists and practitioners from different disciplines, like agriculture, soil science, geosciences, environmental science, geography, and engineering.

Proceedings of Symposium on Paddy Soils

Proceedings of Symposium on Paddy Soils Book
Author : Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642681417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China contributes a large part to rice production, one of the most important crops in the world. It is estimated that in China rice constitutes about half of the total food production, covering an area of about 30 % of \08 hectares of cultivated land of the whole country. Owing to the peculiar water regime, paddy soils possess quite different properties physically, chemically and biologically as compared with those of upland soils. Such properties have a conspicuous effect on fertility and management practice of paddy field. For the purpose of summing up the past work and opening up new prospects, a "Symposium on Paddy Soils" was organized under the auspices of Academia Sinica, held on October 19-24, 1980 in Nanjing, which was followed by a seven-day paddy soil excursion in the lower Changjiang Delta. In addition to 120 Chinese soil scientists, 56 guests coming from America, Asia, Europe and Oceania attended the symposium on invitation. A total of 110 papers were presented either orally or by poster. All these are collected and published in the present proceedings which we hope may be helpful to the scientific exchanges between soil scientists of China and other countries.

Soils in Archaeological Research

Soils in Archaeological Research Book
Author : Vance T. Holliday
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-08-19
ISBN : 0199882088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soils, invaluable indicators of the nature and history of the physical and human landscape, have strongly influenced the cultural record left to archaeologists. Not only are they primary reservoirs for artifacts, they often encase entire sites. And soil-forming processes in themselves are an important component of site formation, influencing which artifacts, features, and environmental indicators (floral, faunal, and geological) will be destroyed and to what extent and which will be preserved and how well. In this book, Holliday will address each of these issues in terms of fundamentals as well as in field case histories from all over the world. The focus will be on principles of soil geomorphology , soil stratigraphy, and soil chemistry and their applications in archaeological research.

Problems of Geocosmos 2018

Problems of Geocosmos   2018 Book
Author : Tatiana B. Yanovskaya,Andrei Kosterov,Nikita Yu. Bobrov,Andrey V. Divin,Alexander K. Saraev,Nadezhda V. Zolotova
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-13
ISBN : 3030217884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes the proceedings of the conference “Problems of the Geocosmos” held by the Earth Physics Department, St. Petersburg State University, Russia, every two years since 1996. Covering a broad range of topics in solid Earth physics and solar-terrestrial physics, as well as more applied subjects such as engineering geology and ecology, the book reviews the latest research in planetary geophysics, focusing on the interaction between the Earth’s shells and the near-Earth space in a unified system. This book is divided into four sections: • Exploration and Environmental Geophysics (EG), which covers two broad areas of environmental and engineering geophysics – near-surface research and deep geoelectric studies; • Paleomagnetism and Rock Magnetism (P), which includes research on magnetostratigraphy, paleomagnetism applied to tectonics, environmental magnetism, and marine magnetic anomalies; • Seismology (S), which covers the theory of seismic wave propagation, Earth’s structure from seismic data, global and regional seismicity and sources of earthquakes, and novel seismic instruments and data processing methods; and • Physics of Solar-Terrestrial Connections (STP), which includes magnetospheric phenomena, space weather, and the interrelationship between solar activity and climate.

Archaeological Remote Sensing in North America

Archaeological Remote Sensing in North America Book
Author : Duncan P. McKinnon,Bryan S. Haley
Publisher : University of Alabama Press
Release : 2017-09-12
ISBN : 081731959X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

10. Anthropologically Focused Geophysical Surveys and Public Archaeology: Engaging Present-Day Agents in Placemaking - Edward R. Henry, Philip B. Mink II, and W. Stephen McBride -- Part 4. Earthen Mound Construction and Composition -- 11. The Role of Geophysics in Evaluating Structural Variation in Middle Woodland Mounds in the Lower Illinois River Valley - Jason L. King, Duncan P. McKinnon, Jason T. Herrmann, Jane E. Buikstra, and Taylor H. Thornton -- 12. The Anthropological Potential of Ground-Penetrating Radar for Southeastern Earthen Mound Investigations: A Case Study from Letchworth Mounds, Tallahassee, Florida - Daniel P. Bigman and Daniel M. Seinfeld -- 13. Exploring the Deepest Reaches of Arkansas's Tallest Mounds with Electrical Resistivity Tomography - James Zimmer-Dauphinee -- Part 5. Commentary -- 14. A Decade of Geophysics and Remote Sensing in North American Archaeology: Practices, Advances, and Trends - Kenneth L. Kvamme -- References -- Contributors -- Index

M ssbauer Spectroscopy Applied to Magnetism and Materials Science

M  ssbauer Spectroscopy Applied to Magnetism and Materials Science Book
Author : G.J Long,F. Grandjean
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489924094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past 30 years materials science has developed into a full-fledged field for basic and applied scientific enquiry. Indeed, materials scientists have devoted their efforts to creating new materials with improved electronic, magnetic, thermal, mechanical, and optical properties. Often unnoticed, these new materials are rapidly invading our homes and automobiles, and may be found in our utensils, electronic equipment, textiles, home appliances, and electric motors. Even though they may go unnoticed, these new materials have either improved the efficiency and lifetime of these items or have reduced their weight or cost. In particular, magnetically ordered materials are useful in various applications, such as motors, magnetic imaging, magnetic recording, and magnetic levitation. Hence, much effort has been devoted to the development of better hard magnetic materials, magnetic thin films, and molecular magnets. During the same period of time, Mossbauer-effect spectroscopy has grown from a laboratory curiosity to a mature spectroscopic technique, a technique that probes solid-state materials at specific atomic sites and yields microscopic information on the magnetic and electronic properties of these materials. Iron-57 is the most commonly and easily used Mossbauer-effect isotope and, of course, is particularly relevant for the study of magnetic materials. Various applications of Mossbauer spectroscopy to magnetic materials are discussed in the first six chapters of this volume. Other isotopes such as zinc-67 and gadolinium-ISS have recently been used to study the electronic properties of zinc compounds and the electronic and magnetic properties of rare-earth transition metal compounds.

Magnetic Properties of Iron Oxides and Oxyhydroxides and Their Relations to Soils Moisture Regime of Northern Wisconsin

Magnetic Properties of Iron Oxides and Oxyhydroxides and Their Relations to Soils Moisture Regime of Northern Wisconsin Book
Author : Wenli Cheng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Magnetic Properties of Iron Oxides and Oxyhydroxides and Their Relations to Soils Moisture Regime of Northern Wisconsin book written by Wenli Cheng, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fundamentals of Geoenvironmental Engineering

Fundamentals of Geoenvironmental Engineering Book
Author : Abdel-Mohsen Onsy Mohamed,Evan K. Paleologos
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0128051450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Geoenvironmental Engineering: Understanding Soil, Water, and Pollutant Interaction and Transport examines soil-water-pollutant interaction, including physico-chemical processes that occur when soil is exposed to various contaminants. Soil characteristics relevant to remedial techniques are explored, providing foundations for the correct process selection. Built upon the authors' extensive experience in research and practice, the book updates and expands the content to include current processes and pollutants. The book discusses propagation of soil pollution and soil characteristics relevant to remedial techniques. Practicing geotechnical and environmental engineers can apply the theory and case studies in the book directly to current projects. The book first discusses the stages of economic development and their connections to the sustainability of the environment. Subsequent chapters cover waste and its management, soil systems, soil-water and soil-pollutant interactions, subsurface transport of pollutants, role of groundwater, nano-, micro- and biologic pollutants, soil characteristics that impact pollution diffusion, and potential remediation processes like mechanical, electric, magnetic, hydraulic and dielectric permittivity of soils. Presents a clear understanding of the propagation of pollutants in soils Identifies the physico-chemical processes in soils Covers emerging pollutants (nano-, micro- and biologic contaminants) Features in-depth coverage of hydraulic, electrical, magnetic and dielectric permittivity characteristics of soils and their impact on remedial technologies

The Iron Oxides

The Iron Oxides Book
Author : Rochelle M. Cornell,Udo Schwertmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-10-17
ISBN : 9783527302741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its second, completely revised and extended edition, this book brings together in one, compact volume all aspects of the information available. It presents a coherent, up to date account of the properties, reactions and mechanisms of formation of these compounds. In addition, there are chapters dealing with iron oxides in rocks and soils, as biominerals and as corrosion products together with methods of synthesis and the numerous applications of these compounds as well as their role in the environment. The expert authors include much recent data from their own laboratories and indicate opportunities for further research. Special features are the electron micrographs and color plates together with the many different spectra used to illustrate properties and aspects of behavior. Numerous tables and graphs enable trends and relationships to be seen at a glance. The whole is rounded off by an extensive bibliography. An essential volume in industry and to all researchers who, whatever their background and level of experience, are interested in this rapidly expanding field.

Eurasian Soil Science

Eurasian Soil Science Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Eurasian Soil Science book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Lunar Soils

Handbook of Lunar Soils Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Lunar Soils book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soils Climate and Society

Soils  Climate and Society Book
Author : John D. Wingard,Sue Eileen Hayes
Publisher : University Press of Colorado
Release : 2013-03-15
ISBN : 1457174111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Much recent archaeological research focuses on social forces as the impetus for cultural change. Soils, Climate and Society, however, focuses on the complex relationship between human populations and the physical environment, particularly the land--the foundation of agricultural production and, by extension, of agricultural peoples. The volume traces the origins of agriculture, the transition to agrarian societies, the sociocultural implications of agriculture, agriculture's effects on population, and the theory of carrying capacity, considering the relation of agriculture to the profound social changes that it wrought in the New World. Soil science plays a significant, though varied, role in each case study, and is the common component of each analysis. Soil chemistry is also of particular importance to several of the studies, as it determines the amount of food that can be produced in a particular soil and the effects of occupation or cultivation on that soil, thus having consequences for future cultivators. Soils, Climate and Society demonstrates that renewed investigation of agricultural production and demography can answer questions about the past, as well as stimulate further research. It will be of interest to scholars of archaeology, historical ecology and geography, and agricultural history.

In the Beginning

In the Beginning Book
Author : Brian M. Fagan,Nadia Durrani
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-09-16
ISBN : 1317346432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demonstrates the importance of archaeology today In the Beginning: An Introduction to Archaeology presents the history and methods of archaeology and explores its significance today. The text introduces archeology's basic principles along with numerous examples from all over the world. Authors Brian Fagan and Nadia Durrani provide a comprehensive summary of the field for people who have little or no experience. Features: Provides A Comprehensive Overview – Readers gain a broad understanding of archaeology, including its interdisciplinary nature, major scientific contributions, international research, and methods and theories. A special chapter covers career opportunities in archaeology. A new organization moves archaeological theory to the beginning, so readers can develop a deeper understanding of this field. Offers an Engaging Introduction – The jargon-free narrative provides an accessible introduction to the study of archaeology. In the Beginning is now four-color for a livelier and enriching experience. Explores Significant Historical Events – Seven photo essays titled People of the Past appear throughout the book, covering such luminaries as pharaoh Ramses II and societies like the Cro-Magnons of late Ice Age Europe. Spectacular findings featured in Discovery boxes reflect new developments in archaeology. Incorporates Fresh Ideas from a New Co-Author – Esteemed colleague, Nadia Durrani, has been brought on board as a co-author. She brings a wealth of field experience in Arabia, Britain, and elsewhere as well as extensive editorial experience as the former Editor of Current World Archaeology, to the team.

Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture XI

Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture XI Book
Author : Daoliang Li,Chunjiang Zhao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-09
ISBN : 303006137X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two volumes IFIP AICT 545 and 546 constitute the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 11th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference on Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture, CCTA 2017, held in Jilin, China, in August 2017. The 100 revised papers included in the two volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 282 submissions. They cover a wide range of interesting theories and applications of information technology in agriculture. The papers focus on four topics: Internet of Things and big data in agriculture, precision agriculture and agricultural robots, agricultural information services, and animal and plant phenotyping for agriculture.

Issues in Environmental Research and Application 2013 Edition

Issues in Environmental Research and Application  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-05-01
ISBN : 1490109358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Arid Environments. The editors have built Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Arid Environments in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.