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Soil Carbon Storage

Soil Carbon Storage Book
Author : Brajesh Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-12
ISBN : 0128127678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Carbon Storage: Modulators, Mechanisms and Modeling takes a novel approach to the issue of soil carbon storage by considering soil C sequestration as a function of the interaction between biotic (e.g. microbes and plants) and abiotic (climate, soil types, management practices) modulators as a key driver of soil C. These modulators are central to C balance through their processing of C from both plant inputs and native soil organic matter. This book considers this concept in the light of state-of-the-art methodologies that elucidate these interactions and increase our understanding of a vitally important, but poorly characterized component of the global C cycle. The book provides soil scientists with a comprehensive, mechanistic, quantitative and predictive understanding of soil carbon storage. It presents a new framework that can be included in predictive models and management practices for better prediction and enhanced C storage in soils. Identifies management practices to enhance storage of soil C under different agro-ecosystems, soil types and climatic conditions Provides novel conceptual frameworks of biotic (especially microbial) and abiotic data to improve prediction of simulation model at plot to global scale Advances the conceptual framework needed to support robust predictive models and sustainable land management practices

Carbon Sequestration in Soils

Carbon Sequestration in Soils Book
Author : Norman J. Rosenberg,R. Cesar Izaurralde,Elizabeth L. Malone
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon dioxide accumulation in the atmosphere as the result of fossil fuel emissions and land use change (especially tropical deforestation) threatens to cause global warming and climatic change. One means of reducing the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is through its capture by photosynthesis and storage (sequestration) in soil. The quantities of carbon that can be sequestered during the next century are enough to offset two or three decades' worth of carbon emissions at the current rate. The book deals with four issues that must be addressed before soil carbon sequestration programs can be implemented on a large scale: new science, monitoring and verification, the soil carbon sequestration/desertification linkage, and policy and implementation issues. Contents include - Science Needs and New Technology for Soil Carbon Sequestration - Monitoring and Verifying Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration - Desertification Control to Sequester C and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect - Soil Carbon: Policy and Economics - Science Needs and New Technologies - Monitoring and Verifying - Desertification

Agricultural Practices and Policies for Carbon Sequestration in Soil

Agricultural Practices and Policies for Carbon Sequestration in Soil Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Rattan Lal,Ronald F. Follett
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420032291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The potential to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and global climate change is one factor driving agricultural policy development of programs that might pay farmers for practices with a high potential to sequester carbon. With chapters by economists, policy makers, farmers, land managers, energy company representatives, and soil scientists, Agricu

Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect

Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect Book
Author : R. Lal,Ronald F. Follett
Publisher : ASA-CSSA-SSSA
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780891188506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the concept of the Greenhouse Effect is more than a century old, but today the observed and predicted climate changes. This second edition of Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect is essential reading for understandingthe processes, properties, and practices affecting the soil carbon pool and its dynamics.

Maximizing Soil Carbon Sequestration Assessing Procedural Barriers to Carbon Management in Cultivated Tropical Perennial Grass Systems

Maximizing Soil Carbon Sequestration  Assessing Procedural Barriers to Carbon Management in Cultivated Tropical Perennial Grass Systems Book
Author : Jon M. Wells
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The natural capacity of the terrestrial landscape to capture and store carbon from the atmosphere can be used in cultivated systems to maximize the climate change mitigation potential of agricultural regions. A combination of inherent soil carbon storage potential, conservation management, and rhizosphere inputs should be considered when making landscape-level decisions about agriculture if climate change mitigation is an important goal. However, the ability to accurately predict soil organic carbon accumulation following management change in the tropics is currently limited by the commonly available tools developed in more temperate systems, a gap that must be addressed locally in order to facilitate these types of landscape-level decisions. Here, we use a case study in Hawaii to demonstrate multiple approaches to measuring and simulating soil carbon changes after the implementation of zero-tillage cultivation of perennial grasses following more than a century of intensive sugarcane cultivation. We identify advancements needed to overcome the barriers to potential monitoring and projection protocols for soil carbon storage at our site and other similar sites.

Storing Carbon in Agricultural Soils

Storing Carbon in Agricultural Soils Book
Author : Norman J. Rosenberg,Roberto C. Izaurralde
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-10-31
ISBN : 9780792371496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil carbon sequestration can play a strategic role in controlling the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere and thereby help mitigate climatic change. There are scientific opportunities to increase the capacity of soils to store carbon and remove it from circulation for longer periods of time. The vast areas of degraded and desertified lands throughout the world offer great potential for the sequestration of very large quantities of carbon. If credits are to be bought and sold for carbon storage, quick and inexpensive instruments and methods will be needed to monitor and verify that carbon is actually being added and maintained in soils. Large-scale soil carbon sequestration projects pose economic and social problems that need to be explored. This book focuses on scientific and implementation issues that need to be addressed in order to advance the discipline of carbon sequestration from theory to reality. The main issues discussed in the book are broad and cover aspects of basic science, monitoring, and implementation. The opportunity to restore productivity of degraded lands through carbon sequestration is examined in detail. This book will be of special interest to professionals in agronomy, soil science, and climatology.

Measuring and modelling soil carbon stocks and stock changes in livestock production systems A scoping analysis for the LEAP work stream on soil carbon stock changes

Measuring and modelling soil carbon stocks and stock changes in livestock production systems     A scoping analysis for the LEAP work stream on soil carbon stock changes Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2019-01-14
ISBN : 9251312354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to build consensus on methods to measure and model soil carbon stocks and stock changes, the Steering Committee of the Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership mandated a task force to develop this scoping analysis and pave the way towards the formation of the LEAP Tecnical Advisory Group on soil carbon stock changes. Soil carbon sequestration and storage in grasslands offers a significant potential to compensate for GHG emissions from livestock, but the lack of consensus on the appropriate methodologies to account for soil carbon stock changes hinders robust and standardized assessments. In this report, we reviewed several published soil organic carbon (SOC) models, and evaluated their aptitude to combine them with life cycle assessments (LCAs). Among contentious issues, the most relevant are: a) the lack of universal models, b) the uneven data availability, comparability and quality between countries and regions, and c) the difficulty to match measurable SOC fractions with those determined by the models. Taking this into account, a tiered approach is proposed, according to the availability of original data to run the models. The use of IPCC carbon (C) accounting system appears to be the simplest approach suitable to countries with scarcity of original C data. Conversely, more complex models such as Century (Parton 1987, 1988) or Roth C (Smith 1998) are likely to perform better and give less uncertainty when original input data are easily available.

Soil Organic Carbon Storage sequestration Principles and Management

Soil Organic Carbon Storage  sequestration  Principles and Management Book
Author : Canming Xiao
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soil Organic Carbon Storage sequestration Principles and Management book written by Canming Xiao, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

07 Role of Nitrogen Availability on Enhancing Soil Carbon Sequestration in Typical Subtropical Planted Forests in Southern China

07   Role of Nitrogen Availability on Enhancing Soil Carbon Sequestration in Typical Subtropical Planted Forests in Southern China Book
Author : Hui Wang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Planted forest ecosystem is becoming a key component of the Chinau2019s forest resources and timber storage and plays a key role in the context of potential carbon (C) sequestration and sustainable forest management. Information on the effects of tree species composition and diversity on soil nitrogen (N) availability and organic carbon (C) sequestration remains limited. The investigation and long-term manipulation experiment were carried out in typical subtropical planted forests. Soil under Eucalyptus mixed with N2-fixer accumulated more soil organic C and N, and had lower CO2 emission than in pure stands by increasing total organic C and microbial biomass C, as well as through increased soil microbial community diversity and abundance. SOC and N stocks in the Pinus massoniana and Castanopsis hystrix mixed plantation were higher than in P. massoniana monospecific plantation. The admixing with the higher-quality C. hystrix litter hastened mass loss for recalcitrant C chemical compositions and nutrient return of conifer litter. Our results also showed that tree species mixture significantly altered the soil bacterial community composition and structure, compared with single-species plantations. The C/N ratios of soil and litterfall, TOC, NH4-N, litterfall mass and NO3-N were key factors affecting the soil microbial community. There was a negative relationship between SOC mineralization rates and the abundance of K strategists and a positive relationship for r-strategists. These results indicated that N availability plays an important role on enhancing SOC sequestration through changing soil microbial community composition in subtropical plantations.

Research on Soil Carbon Storages and Storage Changes in Yangtze Delta Region China

Research on Soil Carbon Storages and Storage Changes in Yangtze Delta Region  China Book
Author : Xu Naizheng
Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
Release : 2016-08-03
ISBN : 1618963538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil carbon stock, including soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil inorganic carbon(SIC) stock, is the largest pool in terrestrial ecosystem, and only a small changein storage has an impact on level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Therefore,soil carbon sequestration is believed to be one of the cost-effective ways toreduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere and mitigate globalgreenhouse effects. This study calculates soil carbon storages and evaluates soilorganic storage change in the course of industrialization and urbanization inYangtze Delta region, China, based on the data of the Second National Soil Survey(1982-1985) and the Multi-Purpose Regional Geochemical Survey (2002-2005), which may provide baseline dada for research into regional carbon sequestration/source effect and carbon circulation.

The Effect of Water on Carbon Cycling and Soil Carbon Storage in Mesic to Wet Hawaiian Montane Forests

The Effect of Water on Carbon Cycling and Soil Carbon Storage in Mesic to Wet Hawaiian Montane Forests Book
Author : Edward Arthur George Schuur
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effect of Water on Carbon Cycling and Soil Carbon Storage in Mesic to Wet Hawaiian Montane Forests book written by Edward Arthur George Schuur, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Carbon Sequestration and Carbon Market Potential of a Southern California Tidal Salt Marsh Proposed for Restoration

Soil Carbon Sequestration and Carbon Market Potential of a Southern California Tidal Salt Marsh Proposed for Restoration Book
Author : Todd Michael Bear
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Without a substantial reduction in the billions of tons of anthropogenic greenhouse gases emitted annually our planet can expect a wide variety of deleterious effects. The restoration, enhancement, and conservation of coastal "blue carbon" habitats, including tidal salt marshes, have received increasing attention as a potential component of climate change mitigation because of their high carbon storage capacity. This study presents the results of an investigation of soil carbon sequestration within a degraded Mediterranean-type climate tidal salt marsh in southern California, the Ballona Wetlands. Results from the Ballona Wetlands soil analyses and data from existing tidal marsh studies are used to estimate the change in soil carbon accumulation resulting from the proposed Ballona Wetlands Restoration Project (Ballona Project) as compared to the existing condition. Finally, this study demonstrates the process of using an existing carbon market methodology, VCS Methodology for Tidal Wetland and Seagrass Restoration VM0033 (2015, V 1.0), to calculate the number of carbon credits that could potentially be generated for the Ballona Project. The results presented in Chapter 3 show that the existing tidal marsh habitats of the Ballona Wetlands contain soil organic carbon densities ranging from 0.018 to 0.030 g/cm3. Averaging SOC densities by habitat type resulted in a range of 0.022 to 0.027 g C/cm3, which is similar to natural tidal marshes around the world. Percent organic carbon is highest in low marsh habitat and decreases with increasing marsh habitat elevation (low > mid > high). However, carbon density is lowest in low marsh habitat and increases with increasing habitat elevation (low

Carbon Storage and Accumulation in United States Forest Ecosystems

Carbon Storage and Accumulation in United States Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Richard A. Birdsey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbon Storage and Accumulation in United States Forest Ecosystems book written by Richard A. Birdsey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Carbon Sequestration in Forests Book
Author : Ross W. Gorte
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1437922678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contents: (1) Background: Congressional Interest in Carbon Sequestration; (2) Carbon Cycling in Forests: The Forest Cycle; Forest Types: Tropical Forests; Temperate Forests; Boreal Forests; (3) Measuring and Altering Forest Carbon Levels: Forest Carbon Accounting; Land Use Changes; Forestry Events and Management Activities: Vegetation and Soil Carbon; Forest Events ¿ Wildfires; Forestry Practices; Wood Energy; Leakage: Land Use Leakage; Product Demand Leakage; Federal Government Programs: Federal Forests; Federal Assistance for State and Private Forestry; Federal Tax Expenditures; Federal Programs Affecting Land Use; Accounting for Forest Carbon Sequestration; (4) Conclusions. Table.

Land Use History and Effects on Soil Carbon Storage Patterns in Pinyon juniper Woodland in Northern New Mexico

Land Use History and Effects on Soil Carbon Storage Patterns in Pinyon juniper Woodland in Northern New Mexico Book
Author : David K. Reiley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Land Use History and Effects on Soil Carbon Storage Patterns in Pinyon juniper Woodland in Northern New Mexico book written by David K. Reiley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Capture

Carbon Capture Book
Author : Ronald E. Hester,Roy M. Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1847559174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reports on methods of capturing and storing CO2 from major sources to reduce the levels emitted to the atmosphere by human activities.

Increasing Carbon Soil Sequestration on Public Lands

Increasing Carbon Soil Sequestration on Public Lands Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulation
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Increasing Carbon Soil Sequestration on Public Lands book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulation, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle Book
Author : Rattan Lal,John M. Kimble,Ronald F. Follett,Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-11-25
ISBN : 9780849374418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World soils contain about 1500 gigatons of organic carbon. This large carbon reserve can increase atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by soil misuse or mismanagement, or it can reverse the 'greenhouse' effect by judicious land use and proper soil management. Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle describes soil processes and their effects on the global carbon cycle while relating soil properties to soil quality and potential and actual carbon reserves in the soil. In addition, this book deals with modeling the carbon cycle in soil, and with methods of soil carbon determinations.

Carbon Sequestration and Emissions

Carbon Sequestration and Emissions Book
Author : Edison Busch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-04-18
ISBN : 9781536141115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbon Sequestration and Emissions book written by Edison Busch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases

Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.