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Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect

Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect Book
Author : R. Lal,Ronald F. Follett
Publisher : ASA-CSSA-SSSA
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780891188506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the concept of the Greenhouse Effect is more than a century old, but today the observed and predicted climate changes. This second edition of Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect is essential reading for understandingthe processes, properties, and practices affecting the soil carbon pool and its dynamics.

Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon

Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Ronald F. Follett,Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-12-28
ISBN : 9781566704618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since carbon sequestration in soils reduces the amount of carbon available to the atmosphere, the Kyoto Protocols have heightened interest in soil carbon pools and their effect on carbon fluxes. Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon addresses many of the questions related to the measurement, monitoring, and verification of organic and inorganic carbon in soils. The major topics covered are: carbon pools; soil sampling and preparation, analytical techniques for soil carbon; soil erosion and sedimentation; remote sensing, GIS and modeling; procedures for scaling carbon data from point and local measurements to regional and even national scales; and economic and policy issues. In Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon, leading researchers show that we now have the ability to measure, monitor, and verify changes to soil carbon. The book establishes the need for standardized methods that can be used by anyone, and helps us better understand the link between the pedosphere (soils) and the atmosphere. It also shows the importance of developing links between the economics of carbon sequestration and the amounts sequestered, and highlights the need for scientists and policy makers to interact to ensure that policies fit within the scope of present technologies.

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils Book
Author : Alessandro Piccolo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-11
ISBN : 3642233856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This compilation of techniques, methodologies and scientific data arises from a four-year Italian research project, which took place at university research stations in Turin, Piacenza, Naples and Potenza. Soil Organic Matter (SOM) represents an active and essential pool of the total organic carbon on the planet. Consequently, even small changes in this SOM carbon pool may have a significant impact on the concentration of atmospheric CO2. Recent new understanding of the chemical nature of SOM indicates that innovative and sustainable technologies may be applied to sequester carbon in agricultural soils. Overall results of the project have been applied to develop an innovative model for the prediction and description, both quantitatively and qualitatively, of carbon sequestration in agricultural soils. This book provides experts in different areas of soil science with a complete picture of the effects of new soil management methods and their potentials for practical application in farm management.

Soil Carbon Sequestration for climate food security and ecosystem services

Soil Carbon Sequestration     for climate  food security and ecosystem services Book
Author : Halldorsson, Gudmundur (Soil Conservation Service of Iceland),Sigurdsson, Bjarni D. (Agricultural University of Iceland),Finér, Leena (Natural Resources Institute Finland),Gudmundsson, Jon (Agricultural University of Iceland),Kätterer, Thomas (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences),Singh, Bal Ram (Norwegian University of Life Sciences),Vesterdal, Lars (University of Copenhagen),Arnalds, Andres (University of Copenhagen)
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release : 2015-11-10
ISBN : 9289344008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil carbon sequestration and preservation of present stocks reduces net global greenhouse gas emission and can contribute significantly to both Nordic and international goals of limiting serious climate change. In order to achieve this, sustainable use of soil resources, better soil and water management practices, and restoration of degraded soils is needed. Protection and restoration of soil organic carbon are also key solutions to many of the most pressing global challenges facing mankind today. Highlighting the importance of the soil and the multiple benefits of soil organic carbon sequestration has never been more needed than now.

Soil carbon sequestration potential of different forest types of aric Kutch Gujarat with special emphasis on climate change

Soil carbon sequestration potential of different forest types of aric Kutch  Gujarat with special emphasis on climate change Book
Author : Suhas Vyas,Vijay R. Ram,Heena K. Senghani,S. Somusundaram
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2014-09-03
ISBN : 3656734062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientific Study from the year 2014 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 3, Kachchh University (Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Department of Chemistry), language: English, abstract: The Gujarat state encompasses an arid area of 62,180 Km2 of which 73% is falling under kachchh district. Kachchh is the one of the largest district in India covering an area of 45, 612 sq.km. And is part of the Kathiawar Peninsula occupying the northwestern part of Gujarat. The major objective of the present study was to analyze the physico-chemical characteristics of soil, to estimate the soil carbon pool as well to conserve the soil organic carbon pool. Major plant species which were noted at the Tapkeshwari hill in the were Salvadora persica, Capparis decidua, Capparis deciduas, Calotropis procera, Tamarix sp., Aeluropus lagopoides, Cressa cretica, Sporobolus spp. and Prosopis cineraria, Acacia nilotica and Acacia Senegal. Different parameters were analyzed for soil samples like alkalinity, total hardness, calcium and magnesium hardness, sulphure, iron, phosphorous, total organic carbon, chloride, sodium, potassium, EC, pH, TDS, and moisture content. The soil sample near P. chilensis species gives higher values in monsoon season in moisture content, pH, phosphate, TOC, SAR, iron, potassium, sodium and chloride, whereas temperature, alkalinity, Total hardness, calcium, magnesium and sulphate gives higher value in winter season. Soil samples of Acacia Senegal gives higher value of TOC in winter season. Prosopis julif- lora shows negligible value in winter season. The value of TOC in decreasing order in all species was Acacia senegal ~ Prosopis cineraria ~ Salvadora persica ~ Acacia nilotica ~ Prosaopis cineraria.

Soil Carbon Sequestration

Soil Carbon Sequestration Book
Author : D. Kalaivanan,C. Ravindran
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-05
ISBN : 9783659127656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil carbon sequestration is a natural, cost-effective, and environmentally-friendly process. Once sequestered, carbon remains in the soil as long as restorative land use, continuous no-till, and other Best Management Practices are followed. Soil C sequestration is a strategy to mitigate global warming through reducing the rate of enrichment of atmospheric concentration of CO2 and achieves food security through improvement in soil quality. It has the potential to offset fossil-fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1.2 Gt C/year, or 5 to 15% of the global emissions. Soil organic carbon is an extremely valuable natural resource. Irrespective of the climate debate, the SOC stock must be restored, enhanced, and improved.Yet, the close link between soil C Sequestration and world food security on the one hand and climate change on the other can neither be overemphasized nor ignored.The potential of SOC sequestration is finite. Therefore, it is only a short-term solution. The long-term solution lies in developing alternatives to fossil fuel. Yet, SOC sequestration buys us time during which alternatives to fossil fuel can take effect. It is a bridge to the future.

Carbon Sequestration in Soils of Latin America

Carbon Sequestration in Soils of Latin America Book
Author : R. Lal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PHYSIOGRAPHY AND BACKGROUND: Soil Ecoregions in Latim America; Challenges and Opportunities of Soil Carbon Sequestration in Latin America; Soil Carbon Sequestration in Latin America; Soil Carbon Stocks in Soil Ecoreions of Latin America. SOIL CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN DIFFERENT BIOMES OF LATIN AMERICA: Soil Carbon Sequestration in Western Mountain Ridges and Deserts of South America; Carbon Sequestration in Soils of the Western Moutain Ridges and Desertes of Argentina; Soil Carbon Sequestration in Mexico and Central America (Biome A); Potential of Soil carbon Sequestration in Costa Rica; Above-and Belowground Carbon Sequestration Under Various Land-Use Systems and soil Types in Costa Rica; Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration in the Caribbean; Carbon Sequestration Potential of the Neotropical Savannas of Colombia and Venezuela; Potential of Soil Carbon Sequestration in the Amazoniam Tropical Raiforests; Carbon Sequestration Potential of Pasture and agro-silvo-Pastora Systems in Tropical Andean Hilsides; Soil Carbon Storage and Sequestration Potential in the Cerrado Region of Brazil; Potential of Carbon Sequestration in Soils of the Atlantic Forest Region of Brazil; Potential of Soil Carbon Sequestration for the Brazilian Atlantic Region; The Potential for Soil Carbon Sequestration in the Pampas; Effects of Environmental and Management Practices on the Potential for Climatic Change Mitigation in the Pampas of Argentina. SOIL CARBON ASSESSMENT METHODS: Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Applicatios for Soil Carbon Measurement; The Potential of Spectroscopic Methods for the Rapid Analysis of Soil Samples; In Situ Noninvasive Soil Carbon Analysis: Sample size and Geostatistical Considerations; Methods and Tools for Desingning a Pilot Soil Carbon Sequestration Project; Advances in Models to.

Agricultural Practices and Policies for Carbon Sequestration in Soil

Agricultural Practices and Policies for Carbon Sequestration in Soil Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Rattan Lal,Ronald F. Follett
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420032291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The potential to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and global climate change is one factor driving agricultural policy development of programs that might pay farmers for practices with a high potential to sequester carbon. With chapters by economists, policy makers, farmers, land managers, energy company representatives, and soil scientists, Agricu

Carbon Sequestration in Soils

Carbon Sequestration in Soils Book
Author : Norman J. Rosenberg,R. Cesar Izaurralde,Elizabeth L. Malone
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon dioxide accumulation in the atmosphere as the result of fossil fuel emissions and land use change (especially tropical deforestation) threatens to cause global warming and climatic change. One means of reducing the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is through its capture by photosynthesis and storage (sequestration) in soil. The quantities of carbon that can be sequestered during the next century are enough to offset two or three decades' worth of carbon emissions at the current rate. The book deals with four issues that must be addressed before soil carbon sequestration programs can be implemented on a large scale: new science, monitoring and verification, the soil carbon sequestration/desertification linkage, and policy and implementation issues. Contents include - Science Needs and New Technology for Soil Carbon Sequestration - Monitoring and Verifying Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration - Desertification Control to Sequester C and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect - Soil Carbon: Policy and Economics - Science Needs and New Technologies - Monitoring and Verifying - Desertification

Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Carbon Sequestration in Forests Book
Author : Ross W. Gorte
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1437922678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contents: (1) Background: Congressional Interest in Carbon Sequestration; (2) Carbon Cycling in Forests: The Forest Cycle; Forest Types: Tropical Forests; Temperate Forests; Boreal Forests; (3) Measuring and Altering Forest Carbon Levels: Forest Carbon Accounting; Land Use Changes; Forestry Events and Management Activities: Vegetation and Soil Carbon; Forest Events ¿ Wildfires; Forestry Practices; Wood Energy; Leakage: Land Use Leakage; Product Demand Leakage; Federal Government Programs: Federal Forests; Federal Assistance for State and Private Forestry; Federal Tax Expenditures; Federal Programs Affecting Land Use; Accounting for Forest Carbon Sequestration; (4) Conclusions. Table.

Soil Carbon Sequestration in the Netherlands Inventory of Long Term Experiments to Validate Effectiveness of Soil Carbon Management in Agriculture and Land Use Change

Soil Carbon Sequestration in the Netherlands  Inventory of Long Term Experiments to Validate Effectiveness of Soil Carbon Management in Agriculture and Land Use Change Book
Author : L. Kooistra,P. J. Kuikman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soil Carbon Sequestration in the Netherlands Inventory of Long Term Experiments to Validate Effectiveness of Soil Carbon Management in Agriculture and Land Use Change book written by L. Kooistra,P. J. Kuikman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Carbon Management

Soil Carbon Management Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Charles W. Rice,Debbie Reed,Sian Mooney,Ronald F. Follett,Rattan Lal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-05-21
ISBN : 1420044095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Better Manage Soil C for Improved Soil Quality In the United States, soil has fueled the availability of abundant, safe food, thus underpinning economic growth and development. In the future we need to be more vigilant in managing and renewing this precious resource by replacing the nutrients and life-sustaining matter that we remove for

Research on Soil Carbon Storages and Storage Changes in Yangtze Delta Region China

Research on Soil Carbon Storages and Storage Changes in Yangtze Delta Region  China Book
Author : Xu Naizheng
Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
Release : 2016-08-03
ISBN : 1618963538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil carbon stock, including soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil inorganic carbon(SIC) stock, is the largest pool in terrestrial ecosystem, and only a small changein storage has an impact on level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Therefore,soil carbon sequestration is believed to be one of the cost-effective ways toreduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere and mitigate globalgreenhouse effects. This study calculates soil carbon storages and evaluates soilorganic storage change in the course of industrialization and urbanization inYangtze Delta region, China, based on the data of the Second National Soil Survey(1982-1985) and the Multi-Purpose Regional Geochemical Survey (2002-2005), which may provide baseline dada for research into regional carbon sequestration/source effect and carbon circulation.

Geotherapy

Geotherapy Book
Author : Thomas J. Goreau,Ronal W. Larson,Joanna Campe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-19
ISBN : 146659540X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Practical, Get-Your-Hands-in-the-Soil ManualGlobal climate change, increasing pollution, and continued rapid population growth is wreaking havoc on the planet. Stabilizing the environment at safe levels requires a large-scale restoration of damaged ecosystems. Geotherapy: Innovative Methods of Soil Fertility Restoration, Carbon Sequestration, and

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-25
ISBN : 9789048132669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems is a comprehensive book describing the basic processes of carbon dynamics in forest ecosystems, their contribution to carbon sequestration and implications for mitigating abrupt climate change. This book provides the information on processes, factors and causes influencing carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems. Drawing upon most up-to-date references, this book summarizes the current understanding of carbon sequestration processes in forest ecosystems while identifying knowledge gaps for future research, Thus, this book is a valuable knowledge source for students, scientists, forest managers and policy makers.

Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soil

Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soil Book
Author : Rattan Lal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 1351091158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the importance of soil processes in the global carbon cycle.Agricultural activities considered responsible for an increase in CO2 levels in our atmosphere include: deforestation, biomass burning, tillage and intensive cultivation, and drainage of wetlands.However, agriculture can also be a solution to the problem in which carbon can be removed from the atmosphere and permanently sequestered into the soil. Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soil highlights the importance of world soils as a sink for atmospheric carbon and discusses the impact of tillage, conservation reserve programs (CRP), management of grasslands and woodlands, and other soil and crop management and land use practices that lead to carbon sequestration.

Storing Carbon in Agricultural Soils

Storing Carbon in Agricultural Soils Book
Author : Norman J. Rosenberg,Roberto C. Izaurralde
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-10-31
ISBN : 9780792371496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil carbon sequestration can play a strategic role in controlling the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere and thereby help mitigate climatic change. There are scientific opportunities to increase the capacity of soils to store carbon and remove it from circulation for longer periods of time. The vast areas of degraded and desertified lands throughout the world offer great potential for the sequestration of very large quantities of carbon. If credits are to be bought and sold for carbon storage, quick and inexpensive instruments and methods will be needed to monitor and verify that carbon is actually being added and maintained in soils. Large-scale soil carbon sequestration projects pose economic and social problems that need to be explored. This book focuses on scientific and implementation issues that need to be addressed in order to advance the discipline of carbon sequestration from theory to reality. The main issues discussed in the book are broad and cover aspects of basic science, monitoring, and implementation. The opportunity to restore productivity of degraded lands through carbon sequestration is examined in detail. This book will be of special interest to professionals in agronomy, soil science, and climatology.

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle Book
Author : Rattan Lal,John M. Kimble,Ronald F. Follett,Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-11-25
ISBN : 9780849374418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World soils contain about 1500 gigatons of organic carbon. This large carbon reserve can increase atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by soil misuse or mismanagement, or it can reverse the 'greenhouse' effect by judicious land use and proper soil management. Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle describes soil processes and their effects on the global carbon cycle while relating soil properties to soil quality and potential and actual carbon reserves in the soil. In addition, this book deals with modeling the carbon cycle in soil, and with methods of soil carbon determinations.

Soil Carbon Storage

Soil Carbon Storage Book
Author : Brajesh Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-12
ISBN : 0128127678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Carbon Storage: Modulators, Mechanisms and Modeling takes a novel approach to the issue of soil carbon storage by considering soil C sequestration as a function of the interaction between biotic (e.g. microbes and plants) and abiotic (climate, soil types, management practices) modulators as a key driver of soil C. These modulators are central to C balance through their processing of C from both plant inputs and native soil organic matter. This book considers this concept in the light of state-of-the-art methodologies that elucidate these interactions and increase our understanding of a vitally important, but poorly characterized component of the global C cycle. The book provides soil scientists with a comprehensive, mechanistic, quantitative and predictive understanding of soil carbon storage. It presents a new framework that can be included in predictive models and management practices for better prediction and enhanced C storage in soils. Identifies management practices to enhance storage of soil C under different agro-ecosystems, soil types and climatic conditions Provides novel conceptual frameworks of biotic (especially microbial) and abiotic data to improve prediction of simulation model at plot to global scale Advances the conceptual framework needed to support robust predictive models and sustainable land management practices

The Future of Soil Carbon

The Future of Soil Carbon Book
Author : Carlos Garcia,Paolo Nannipieri,Teresa Hernandez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-10
ISBN : 0128116889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Future of Soil Carbon: Its Conservation and Formation provides readers with an integrative approach to understanding the important role of organic carbon in soil functioning and fertility. Terrestrial interactions between SOC and complex human-natural systems require new fundamental and applied research into regional and global SOC budgets. This book provides new and synthesized information on the dynamics of SOC in the terrestrial environment. In addition to rigorous state-of-the art on soil science, the book also provides strategies to avoid risks of soil carbon losses. Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a vital component of soils, with important and far-reaching effects on the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Human activities over the last several decades have significantly changed the regional and global balance of SOC, greatly exacerbating global warming and climate change. Provides a holistic overview of soil carbon status and main threats for its conservation Offers innovative solutions to conserve soil carbon Includes in-depth treatment of regional and global changes in soil organic carbon budget