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Social Predation

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Social Predation

Social Predation Book
Author : Guy Beauchamp
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-12-07
ISBN : 0124076548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The classic literature on predation dealt almost exclusively with solitary predators and their prey. Going back to Lotka-Volterra and optimal foraging theory, the theory about predation, including predator-prey population dynamics, was developed for solitary species. Various consequences of sociality for predators have been considered only recently. Similarly, while it was long recognized that prey species can benefit from living in groups, research on the adaptive value of sociality for prey species mostly emerged in the 1970s. The main theme of this book is the various ways that predators and prey may benefit from living in groups. The first part focusses on predators and explores how group membership influences predation success rate, from searching to subduing prey. The second part focusses on how prey in groups can detect and escape predators. The final section explores group size and composition and how individuals respond over evolutionary times to the challenges posed by chasing or being chased by animals in groups. This book will help the reader understand current issues in social predation theory and provide a synthesis of the literature across a broad range of animal taxa. Includes the whole taxonomical range rather than limiting it to a select few Features in-depth analysis that allows a better understanding of many subtleties surrounding the issues related to social predation Presents both models and empirical results while covering the extensive predator and prey literature Contains extensive illustrations and separate boxes that cover more technical features, i.e., to present models and review results

Army Ants

Army Ants Book
Author : William H. Gotwald
Publisher : Comstock Publishing Associates
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780801426339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cooperative predators, army ants in unison can attack stoutly defended social insect colonies and can hunt down and devour insects much larger than themselves. Yet from folktales to fieldnotes, the image of army ants has too often magnified their aggression and ignored their magnificent capacity for social cooperation. A veteran of thirty years of research on army ants in Africa, Malaysia, Australia, Mexico, and Trinidad, William H. Gotwald, Jr., offers the first comprehensive account of their behavioral ecology and evolution.

The Fragmented Personality

The Fragmented Personality Book
Author : Dragan M. Svrakic,Mirjana Divac Jovanovic
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2018-11-19
ISBN : 0190884576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fragmented Personality presents new model for caring for patients with personality disorder in post-modern society. In contrast to the static classifications of personality pathology, the authors' approach yields a personalized diagnosis that is contextual, dimensional, and time-specific and at the same time provides information about the current position of the individual in relation to the important components of personality functioning. In this model of dimensional diagnostics, two intersecting coordinates, one representing the person's level of functioning (the "what" of the diagnosis) and the other his/her adaptive style (the "how" of the diagnosis) are cross matched in the unit of time. This gives the psychiatrist precise milestones for monitoring progress in therapy. Why does this matter for psychiatry in post-modern society? Drs. Svrakic and Jovanovic argue that the ideals of mental health traditionally have been stability and integrity. In the context of the postmodern world, these ideals may sound outdated, possibly even implying inflexibility or narrow mindedness. The postmodern "fragmented self" is a natural, adaptive answer to the changing existential milieu of humans. This fragmented, decentered self consists of incoherent and abstract images, not derived solely from traditional social interactions, but created by the postmodern culture. Borderline personality is fragmented at its unconscious core of internalized object relations, resulting in specific borderline psychopathologies or a "fragmented personality." Drs. Svrakic and Jovanovic analyze the impact of recent dramatic social transitions on adaptive tasks, personality and psychopathology. They introduce the concepts of monothematic self of the conservative era and the multi-thematic self of the postmodern era and discuss their relevance to the changing concepts of psychopathology. The authors argue that the conservative society, with strong nuclear family and strict ethical and religious norms, favored the psychopathology of neuroses centered around guilt, including guilt for not fitting the preapproved social norms. With the liberalization of normative pressures in the postmodern period, the adaptive task has changed into "what to choose" among many accepted alternatives, creating uncertainty of choice. This uncertainty, together with the non-directive society, favors the psychopathology of personality disorder, and indeed, the prevalence of personality disorder has increased in the postmodern period. In addition to discussing their conceptual model, the authors provide detailed practical guidelines for the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment when using their model in the management of personality disorder. They answer practical questions that clinicians frequently ask about etiology, psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy of personality disorder. The authors also detail Reconstructive Interpersonal Therapy (RIT), their variant of interpersonal psychotherapy which integrates humanistic and psychoanalytical paradigms in the treatment of personality disorder.

Social Status Entry and Predation

Social Status  Entry  and Predation Book
Author : Joel Marc Podolny
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Social Status Entry and Predation book written by Joel Marc Podolny, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecology and Social Behavior of the Collared Peccary in Big Bend National Park Texas

Ecology and Social Behavior of the Collared Peccary in Big Bend National Park  Texas Book
Author : John A. Bissonette
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecology and Social Behavior of the Collared Peccary in Big Bend National Park Texas book written by John A. Bissonette, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Influences of Predation and Resource Competition on the Social System of Vervet Monkeys Cercopithecus Aethiops in Amboseli National Park Kenya

Influences of Predation and Resource Competition on the Social System of Vervet Monkeys  Cercopithecus Aethiops  in Amboseli National Park  Kenya Book
Author : Lynne A. Isbell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Influences of Predation and Resource Competition on the Social System of Vervet Monkeys Cercopithecus Aethiops in Amboseli National Park Kenya book written by Lynne A. Isbell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Perturbation Behavioural Feedbacks and Population Dynamics in Social Animals

Perturbation  Behavioural Feedbacks  and Population Dynamics in Social Animals Book
Author : Daniel Oro
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-03-26
ISBN : 0198849834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This novel, transdisciplinary work explains how perturbations (defined as strong disturbances or deviations to a system) can affect the population dynamics of social animals, including ourselves. Social responses to perturbations, especially dispersal processes, can also generate non-linear population dynamics, including the potential appearance of tipping points and critical population transitions, which can in turn lead to catastrophic shifts and collapses. The book describes the links between social behaviour (mainly the use of social information and social copying), and non-linear population dynamics at different spatial scales (local dynamics and meta-population dynamics), and their ecological and evolutionary consequences. Examples from the natural world illustrate each of the main themes (prospecting, habitat suitability, collective dispersal, and cultural evolution). Human warfare and conflict, referred to in several chapters together with quantitative and qualitative examples, is also viewed as a form of perturbation and represents a paradigmatic example of the rationale behind this book. This applicability to our own species is particularly timely, given increased interest in both ecosystem change, human migration, and the global refugee crisis. Perturbation, Behavioural Feedbacks, and Population Dynamics in Social Animals will appeal to applied, theoretical, and evolutionary ecologists, particularly those working on the population and behavioural ecology of any social animal including humans. Its overlap with the study of complexity will also ensure its relevance and use to scientists from other disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, physics, computational science, economics, and mathematics.

Caspian Tern Management to Reduce Predation of Juvenile Salmonids in the Columbia River Estuary

Caspian Tern Management to Reduce Predation of Juvenile Salmonids in the Columbia River Estuary Book
Author : U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Caspian Tern Management to Reduce Predation of Juvenile Salmonids in the Columbia River Estuary book written by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Testing Socially Acceptable Methods of Managing Predation

Testing Socially Acceptable Methods of Managing Predation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Study carried out on the Macomb Plateau in eastcentral Alaska to test whether artificially feeding of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and wolves (Canis lupus) can reduce predation on newborn caribou (Rangifer tarandus) and moose (Alces alces).

Social Learning

Social Learning Book
Author : William Hoppitt,Kevin N. Laland
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-07-21
ISBN : 0691150710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many animals, including humans, acquire valuable skills and knowledge by copying others. Scientists refer to this as social learning. It is one of the most exciting and rapidly developing areas of behavioral research and sits at the interface of many academic disciplines, including biology, experimental psychology, economics, and cognitive neuroscience. Social Learning provides a comprehensive, practical guide to the research methods of this important emerging field. William Hoppitt and Kevin Laland define the mechanisms thought to underlie social learning and demonstrate how to distinguish them experimentally in the laboratory. They present techniques for detecting and quantifying social learning in nature, including statistical modeling of the spatial distribution of behavior traits. They also describe the latest theory and empirical findings on social learning strategies, and introduce readers to mathematical methods and models used in the study of cultural evolution. This book is an indispensable tool for researchers and an essential primer for students. Provides a comprehensive, practical guide to social learning research Combines theoretical and empirical approaches Describes techniques for the laboratory and the field Covers social learning mechanisms and strategies, statistical modeling techniques for field data, mathematical modeling of cultural evolution, and more

Exam Prep for Social Predation How Group Living Benefits

Exam Prep for  Social Predation  How Group Living Benefits     Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Exam Prep for Social Predation How Group Living Benefits book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Predation and Its Management

Predation and Its Management Book
Author : A. T. Cringen,L. D. Harris
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Predation and Its Management book written by A. T. Cringen,L. D. Harris, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proboscis Monkey Nasalis Larvatus Social Organization and Ecology

Proboscis Monkey  Nasalis Larvatus  Social Organization and Ecology Book
Author : Carey Page Yeager
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proboscis Monkey Nasalis Larvatus Social Organization and Ecology book written by Carey Page Yeager, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Natural History of Social Wasps Bees in Equatorial Sumatra

Natural History of Social Wasps   Bees in Equatorial Sumatra Book
Author : Roubik, D. W.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Natural History of Social Wasps Bees in Equatorial Sumatra book written by Roubik, D. W., available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Social Deviance

Social Deviance Book
Author : Daniel Glaser
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Social Deviance book written by Daniel Glaser, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Economics as a Social Science

Economics as a Social Science Book
Author : Andrew M. Kamarck
Publisher : University of Michigan Press
Release : 2009-04-21
ISBN : 9780472022021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economics as a Social Science is a highly readable critique of economic theory, based on a wide range of research, that endeavors to restore economics to its proper role as a social science. Contrary to conventional economic theory, which assumes that people have no free will, this book instead bases economics on the realistic assumption that human beings can choose; that we are complex beings affected by emotion, custom, habit, and reason; and that our behavior varies with circumstances and times. It embraces the findings of history, psychology, and other social sciences and the insights from great literature on human behavior as opposed to the rigidity set by mathematical axioms that define how economics is understood and practiced today. Andrew M. Kamarck demonstrates that only rough accuracy is attainable in economic measurement, and that understanding an economy requires knowledge from other disciplines. The canonical hypotheses of economics (perfect rationality, self-interest, equilibrium) are shown to be inadequate (and in the case of "equilibrium" to be counterproductive to understanding the forces that dominate the economy), and more satisfactory assumptions provided. The market is shown to work imperfectly and to require appropriate institutions to perform its function reasonably well. Further, Kamarck argues that self-interest does not always lead to helping the general interest. Economics as a Social Science examines and revises the fundamental assumptions of economics. Because it avoids jargon and explains terms carefully, it will be of interest to economics majors as well as to graduate students of economics and other social sciences, and social scientists working in government and the private sector. Andrew M. Kamarck is former Director, Economic Development Institute, the World Bank.

Biological Studies on Social and Presocial Arthropods

Biological Studies on Social and Presocial Arthropods Book
Author : International Union for the Study of Social Insects. Italian Section. Conference
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biological Studies on Social and Presocial Arthropods book written by International Union for the Study of Social Insects. Italian Section. Conference, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Great Alternatives of Social Thought

The Great Alternatives of Social Thought Book
Author : Terrence E. Cook
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In an engaging and erudite style, this book takes the reader to the heart of western political theory. Like the cardinal points of a compass, the four alternatives that Cook presents-aristocrat, saint, capitalist, socialist-define the distinct strategies offered to cope with scarcities underlying violent human conflicts, for these core commitments dominate their contrasting economics and politics. Throughout, Cook evidences a detailed knowledge of many authors and themes in classical and modern political thinking. Resisting the temptation to regard the problematic as 'ideal types' from which to embellish or criticize, he blends an objective presentation of each view with penetrating insights and parallels. To each alternative, he applies the presumptions of rule and authority, especially mediated by expectations of democracy.

Progress in Applied Social Psychology

Progress in Applied Social Psychology Book
Author : Geoffrey Michael Stephenson,James H. Davis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Progress in Applied Social Psychology book written by Geoffrey Michael Stephenson,James H. Davis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Progress in Applied Social Psychology

Progress in Applied Social Psychology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Progress in Applied Social Psychology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.