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Social Information Processing and Survey Methodology

Social Information Processing and Survey Methodology Book
Author : Hans-J. Hippler,Norbert Schwarz,Seymour Sudman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461247985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Survey researchers have long been aware that the way in which questions are asked determines the obtained responses. However, the exact processes that mediate response effects remained elusive. In the present volume, cognitive psychologists and survey methodologists explore the cognitive processes that underlie respondents' answers to survey questions. The contributors provide an introduction to information processing theories for survey researchers, review current knowledge of response effects in the light of recent theorizing in cognitive psychology, and report a number of experimental studies on question context and question wording. In combination, the chapters provide a theoretical framework for the analysis of response effects in surveys and raise a number of applied and theoretical issues that have so far not been addressed in cognitive psychology.

Social Information Retrieval Systems Emerging Technologies and Applications for Searching the Web Effectively

Social Information Retrieval Systems  Emerging Technologies and Applications for Searching the Web Effectively Book
Author : Goh, Dion,Foo, Schubert
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 1599045451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The wealth of information accessible on the Internet has grown exponentially since its advent. This mass of content must be systemically sifted to glean pertinent data, and the utilization of the collective intelligence of other users, or social information retrieval, is an innovative, emerging technique. Social Information Retrieval Systems: Emerging Technologies & Applications for Searching the Web Effectively provides relevant content in the areas of information retrieval systems, services, and research; covering topics such as social tagging, collaborative querying, social network analysis, subjective relevance judgments, and collaborative filtering. Answering the increasing demand for authoritative resources on Internet technologies, this Premier Reference Source will make an indispensable addition to any library collection.

Knowledge Discovery Enhanced with Semantic and Social Information

Knowledge Discovery Enhanced with Semantic and Social Information Book
Author : Bettina Berendt,Dunja Mladenic,Marco de Gemmis,Giovanni Semeraro,Myra Spiliopoulou,Gerd Stumme,Vojtech Svatek,Filip #elezný
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-29
ISBN : 3642018904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is showcases recent advances in knowledge discovery enhanced with semantic and social information. It includes eight chapters that grew out of joint workshops at ECML/PKDD 2007. The contributions emphasize the vision of the Web as a social medium.

Social Information Research

Social Information Research Book
Author : Gunilla Widen,Kim Holmberg
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 1780528329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social Information Research, co-edited by Gunilla Widen and Kim Holmberg communicates current research looking into different aspects of social information as part of information behaviour research. There is a special emphasis on the new innovations supporting contemporary information behavior and the social media context within which it can sit.

Social Information

Social Information Book
Author : Scott Brown
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-04
ISBN : 1780633270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information available through ‘traditional’ business and competitive resources can be complimented by information gained through social media tools. Social Information is a must-have book for competitive and business researchers in any discipline including librarians, information professionals, intelligence analysts, students and marketing personnel, and explores how more ‘traditional’ resources can be complimented by social media tools. The book outlines different categories of social tools, competitive and business applications of these tools, and provides example searches with screenshots. The book provides concrete search examples, as well as strategies and approaches for searching social tools that may be available today or that may emerge tomorrow. Readers will learn ways to quickly develop new search strategies as new tools and features emerge. The future of social tools and information, and the lasting impact that these tools have had on how information plays a part in our lives, our businesses and our careers is discussed. The title is structured into seven chapters, covering: the impact of social media, and the approach of the book; a brief history of business and competitive information and the rise of social tools; blogs and microblogs; video, audio and images; social search engines; and the future of social information. The book specifically explores business and competitive information and approaches using social media tools Written by a highly knowledgeable and long-time practitioner and researcher in the field Provides both practical and strategic search approaches, so that the skills learned will be readily transferable to other social tools, and to social tools as they evolve

Social Information Technology Connecting Society and Cultural Issues

Social Information Technology  Connecting Society and Cultural Issues Book
Author : Kidd, Terry T.,Chen, Irene
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2008-04-30
ISBN : 1599047764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides a source for definitions, antecedents, and consequences of social informatics and the cultural aspect of technology. It addresses cultural/societal issues in social informatics technology and society, the Digital Divide, government and technology law, information security and privacy, cyber ethics, technology ethics, and the future of social informatics and technology"--Provided by publisher.

Nonconscious Social Information Processing

Nonconscious Social Information Processing Book
Author : Pawel Lewicki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 148325822X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonconscious Social Information Processing presents a research program concerned with the processing of social information. It cannot be considered a typical social psychological research program, however, because it is not aimed at explaining any specific social psychological phenomena, nor are the cognitive processes studied specific to the processing of social information. The program explores complex or ""high level"" processing of information that is not mediated by conscious awareness, and social cognition seems to be an appropriate area in which to investigate this kind of processing. The research program began with observations which suggest that nonconscious acquisition and processing of information play a major role in human development and adjustment. The first two chapters discuss these observations and present preliminary theoretical assumptions. The subsequent chapters contain reports of 34 experiments on nonconscious information processing. The book is addressed not only to personality and social psychologists, but also to cognitive psychologists concerned with information processing in general. The former may find this research relevant because most of the experiments describe some mechanisms of acquisition and utilization of social information—problems they are working on themselves. The latter may want to ignore the specific stimulus material (i.e., social information) employed in most of the experiments and focus on the general nature of the cognitive mechanisms studied.

Social Information Transmission and Human Biology

Social Information Transmission and Human Biology Book
Author : Jonathan CK Wells,Simon Strickland,Kevin Laland
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-05-22
ISBN : 1420005839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent research has emphasized that socially transmitted information may affect both the gene pool and the phenotypes of individuals and populations, and that an improved understanding of evolutionary issues is beneficial to those working towards the improvement of human health. Equally, an improved awareness of how human behavior influences health and reproductive fitness is starting to shed new light on the processes that shape the evolution of human behavior and the human mind. Focusing directly on these emerging trends, Social Information Transmission and Human Biology bridges the gap between primarily theoretical work undertaken by those with evolutionary interests and biomedical work undertaken by those dealing with practical issues in human health and demographics. Incorporating papers from a symposium organized under the auspices of the UK Society for the Study of Human Biology, this volume merges the perspectives of internationally renowned evolutionary and theoretical biologists, zoologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, psychologists, and medical researchers whose work is linked by common themes addressing how information is transmitted socially and how its transmission influences both immediate and evolutionary biological outcomes. Emphasizes the diverse ways in which socially transmitted information impacts on human biology To illustrate these themes, the chapters draw on models and data ranging from observations on chimpanzee populations in the wild and on the human archaeological record, to studies of contemporary humans in both developing and industrialized countries. Taking a broad approach, many of the chapters address areas of behavior that are familiar to scientists in particular fields, but do so using a variety of cross-disciplinary perspectives, which will prove stimulating for researchers in a range of academic subject areas, while helping to facilitate closer collaboration between biological and social scientists.

Organizational Psychology

Organizational Psychology Book
Author : Steve M. Jex
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2002-11-22
ISBN : 0471219053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive treatment of the science and practice of organizational psychology Following a scientist-practitioner model, Organizational Psychology explores the practical implications of the current research in the field, expertly integrating multicultural and international issues. Beginning with a foundation of research methodology, author Steve Jex examines the behavior of individuals in organizational settings. Drawing on his experiences as a consultant and educator, he uses actual cases to illustrate workplace issues, offering balanced coverage of such key topics as occupational stress, motivation, and corporate culture. Also presented is unique information on research methods and the use of statistics in understanding organizations. With an emphasis on applying theory and research in practice, Jex explores the mechanisms that organizations use to influence employees' behavior, addressing the major motivation theories in organizational psychology. Readers will discover how psychological models can be used to improve employee morale, productivity, and quality of service. The focus then shifts from the individual to the group level-an important distinction given the increased reliance on teams in many organizations. Jex identifies the factors that have the greatest impact on group effectiveness and examines the dynamics underlying intergroup behavior. Finally, he moves to the organization ("macro") level, revealing a variety of ways in which organizations engage in planned change with the assistance of behavioral science knowledge.

Social Information Access

Social Information Access Book
Author : Peter Brusilovsky,Daqing He
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-03
ISBN : 9783319900919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social information access is defined as a stream of research that explores methods for organizing the past interactions of users in a community in order to provide future users with better access to information. Social information access covers a wide range of different technologies and strategies that operate on a different scale, which can range from a small closed corpus site to the whole Web. The 16 chapters included in this book provide a broad overview of modern research on social information access. In order to provide a balanced coverage, these chapters are organized by the main types of information access (i.e., social search, social navigation, and recommendation) and main sources of social information.

Social Information Processing Variables Predict Hemoglobin A1c Trajectories in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes

Social Information  Processing Variables Predict Hemoglobin A1c Trajectories in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes Book
Author : Mary Elizabeth Keenan
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Predicting long-term trajectories in HbA1c can inform interventions to improve health outcomes for those with type 1 diabetes (T1D) throughout the lifespan. Higher negative attributions of friends’ reactions (NAFR) while participating in health behaviors is related to higher anticipated adherence difficulties (AAD), higher diabetes-related stress (DS), and higher HbA1c, cross-sectionally. The purpose of the present study was to determine if these social information- processing variables can predict membership into empirically derived subgroups of longitudinal HbA1c trajectories in youth with T1D. One hundred ninety-five adolescents with T1D completed the Diabetes Stress Questionnaire and the Attributions of Peer Reactions scale. HbA1cs were extracted from medical records at three time points over one year. Growth mixture modeling was used to derive classes of HbA1c trajectories and determine if NAFR, AAD, and DS predict class membership, controlling for T1D duration. Three distinct classes emerged: High Decelerating HbA1c (intercept= 13.917, slope=3.768, quadratic=-2.867), Mid-High Decelerating HbA1c (intercept= 11.289, slope= nonsignificant, quadratic= .747), and Near-Optimal Accelerating HbA1c (intercept= 8.147, slope=-.376, quadratic=.590; ps