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Organizational Psychology

Organizational Psychology Book
Author : Steve M. Jex
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2002-11-22
ISBN : 0471219053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive treatment of the science and practice of organizational psychology Following a scientist-practitioner model, Organizational Psychology explores the practical implications of the current research in the field, expertly integrating multicultural and international issues. Beginning with a foundation of research methodology, author Steve Jex examines the behavior of individuals in organizational settings. Drawing on his experiences as a consultant and educator, he uses actual cases to illustrate workplace issues, offering balanced coverage of such key topics as occupational stress, motivation, and corporate culture. Also presented is unique information on research methods and the use of statistics in understanding organizations. With an emphasis on applying theory and research in practice, Jex explores the mechanisms that organizations use to influence employees' behavior, addressing the major motivation theories in organizational psychology. Readers will discover how psychological models can be used to improve employee morale, productivity, and quality of service. The focus then shifts from the individual to the group level-an important distinction given the increased reliance on teams in many organizations. Jex identifies the factors that have the greatest impact on group effectiveness and examines the dynamics underlying intergroup behavior. Finally, he moves to the organization ("macro") level, revealing a variety of ways in which organizations engage in planned change with the assistance of behavioral science knowledge.

Web Information Systems Engineering WISE 2013

Web Information Systems Engineering    WISE 2013 Book
Author : Xuemin Lin,Yannis Manolopoulos,Divesh Srivastava,Guangyan Huang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-10-07
ISBN : 3642412300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering, WISE 2013, held in Nanjing, China, in October 2013. The 48 full papers, 29 short papers, and 10 demo and 5 challenge papers, presented in the two-volume proceedings LNCS 8180 and 8181, were carefully reviewed and selected from 198 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: Web mining; Web recommendation; Web services; data engineering and database; semi-structured data and modeling; Web data integration and hidden Web; challenge; social Web; information extraction and multilingual management; networks, graphs and Web-based business processes; event processing, Web monitoring and management; and innovative techniques and creations.

Trends in Social Psychology

Trends in Social Psychology Book
Author : John Z. Arlsdale
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781590337264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents original research results on the leading edge of psychology. Each chapter has been carefully selected in an attempt to present substantial advances across a broad spectrum. Contents: Preface; Comparison of the Psychosocial Association of Japanese Children and their Parents in the US and in Rural Area in Japan; The Importance of Relationship Information for Children's Evaluation of Peers and Social Situations; When People Belong to more than one Social Group: A Fit-Based Approach to Multiple Categorisation; Gender Role Stereotyping in Television Advertisements: A Comparative Study of British and Serbian Television; Applications of Social and Personality Psychology to Computer Mediated Communications; Preference for Freedom of Choice: Opportunity for Choice, Efficacy of Choice, and Number of Alternatives; MultiTrait-MultiMethod Matrices to Study Bias in Social Measurement; Accurately Estimating Age: Implications for Controlling Youth Access to Tobacco; Comparison Strategies in Response to Threat: When Does Social Comparison Make a Difference?; Injury Mortality Rates: Examination of the CDC Injury Mortality Atlas; Linear Confirmatory Models for MTMM Matrices: The Ca

Cognitive Ecology II

Cognitive Ecology II Book
Author : Reuven Dukas,John M. Ratcliffe
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2009-11-15
ISBN : 0226169375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Merging evolutionary ecology and cognitive science, cognitive ecology investigates how animal interactions with natural habitats shape cognitive systems, and how constraints on nervous systems limit or bias animal behavior. Research in cognitive ecology has expanded rapidly in the past decade, and this second volume builds on the foundations laid out in the first, published in 1998. Cognitive Ecology II integrates numerous scientific disciplines to analyze the ecology and evolution of animal cognition. The contributors cover the mechanisms, ecology, and evolution of learning and memory, including detailed analyses of bee neurobiology, bird song, and spatial learning. They also explore decision making, with mechanistic analyses of reproductive behavior in voles, escape hatching by frog embryos, and predation in the auditory domain of bats and eared insects. Finally, they consider social cognition, focusing on alarm calls and the factors determining social learning strategies of corvids, fish, and mammals. With cognitive ecology ascending to its rightful place in behavioral and evolutionary research, this volume captures the promise that has been realized in the past decade and looks forward to new research prospects.

Adolescent Mental Health

Adolescent Mental Health Book
Author : Terje Ogden,Kristine Amlund Hagen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-10-30
ISBN : 113466852X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adolescence is a period of rapid growth, maturing individuality, vulnerabilities and fortitude. Fortunately, most youths go through this period of life in a healthy way, but some do not. Adolescent Mental Health: Prevention and Intervention is a concise and accessible overview of our current knowledge on effective treatment and prevention programs for youths who have developed, or are at risk of developing, mental health problems. Ogden and Hagen’s introduction to "what works" in the promotion of adolescent mental health addresses some of the most common mental health problems among young people, and how these problems might be prevented or ameliorated through professional and systematic efforts. The volume illustrates contemporary and empirically supported interventions and prevention efforts through a series of case studies, and covers some of the most prevalent mental health conditions affecting today’s youth; externalizing, internalizing and drug use problems. Within an ecological and transactional framework, the book discusses how psychopathologies may develop and the risks and protective factors associated with these. The problem-oriented perspective on risk and mental health problems is combined with a focus on social competence and other protective factors. Adolescent Mental Health: Prevention and Intervention will be essential reading for students and practitioners in the fields of child welfare and mental health services, and any professionals working with adolescents at risk of developing mental health problems.

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology Book
Author : David Westneat
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-04-01
ISBN : 0195331923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology presents a comprehensive treatment of the evolutionary and ecological processes shaping behavior across a wide array of organisms and a diverse set of behaviors and is suitable as a graduate-level text and as a sourcebook for professional scientists.

Children Adolescents and Media Violence

Children  Adolescents  and Media Violence Book
Author : Steven J. Kirsh
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2011-08-08
ISBN : 1412996430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised text provides updates that reflect new findings in the field of media violence research during childhood and adolescence. Throughout the book, special attention is paid to evaluating the role of developmental processes and to stressing the importance of methodology in understanding media violence research. Findings have been divided into two main areas: aggressive behavior and aggression-related constructs (e.g., emotions, cognitions, arousal) to help clarify media violence-related effects on youth.

Rehabilitative Planning Services for the Criminal Defense

Rehabilitative Planning Services for the Criminal Defense Book
Author : Georgetown University. Institute of Criminal Law and Procedure
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rehabilitative Planning Services for the Criminal Defense book written by Georgetown University. Institute of Criminal Law and Procedure, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Digital Cultures Age of the Intellect

Digital Cultures  Age of the Intellect Book
Author : Dr. Ganesh Shermon
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2017-02-10
ISBN : 1483464164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comments by global thought leaders on Business of Staffing: A Talent Agenda: "Your section on how HR needs to change in a digital context is spot on with those twenty points" (M. S. Krishnan, Associate Dean, Global Initiatives, Accenture Professor of Computer Information Systems, Professor of Technology and Operations, Ross School of Business, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan). "Ganesh Shermon has really nailed it. He really knows this area well. Well worth reading for anyone interested in this field" (Mark Smith, National Industry Leader, Financial services, KPMG LLP; earlier Global Head of People & Change Practice). "A must-read for today's HR professionals as they seek to learn evidence-based practices as they transform their talent management performance" (Laura Croucher, Americas leader, KPMG HR, Transformation Centre of Excellence).

The Routledge International Handbook of Goffman Studies

The Routledge International Handbook of Goffman Studies Book
Author : Michael Hviid Jacobsen,Greg Smith
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2022-06-29
ISBN : 1000604438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the fertility and enigma of Erving Goffman’s sociological reasoning and its capacity to shed fresh light on the fundamental features of human sociality. Thematically arranged, it brings together the work of leading scholars of Goffman’s work to explore the concepts and themes that define Goffman’s analytical preoccupations, examining the ways these ideas have shaped significant fields of study and situating Goffman’s sociology in comparison to some eminent thinkers often linked with his name. Through a series of chapters informed by the same inventive and imaginative spirit characteristic of Goffman’s sociology, the book presents fresh perspectives on his contribution to the field and reveals the value of his thought for a variety of disciplines now increasingly aware of the importance of Goffman’s sociology to a range of social phenomena. A fresh perspective on the legacy of one of sociology’s most important figures, The Routledge International Handbook of Goffman Studies will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in interactionist and micro-sociological perspectives.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition Book
Author : Thomas R. Zentall,Edward A. Wasserman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-03-20
ISBN : 019993066X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade, the field of comparative cognition has grown and thrived. No less rigorous than purely behavioristic investigations, examinations of animal intelligence are useful for scientists and psychologists alike in their quest to understand the nature and mechanisms of intelligence. Extensive field research of various species has yielded exciting new areas of research, integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition contains sections on perception and illusion, attention and search, memory processes, spatial cognition, conceptualization and categorization, problem solving and behavioral flexibility, and social cognition processes including findings in primate tool usage, pattern learning, and counting. The authors have incorporated findings and theoretical approaches that reflect the current state of the field. This comprehensive volume will be a must-read for students and scientists who want to know about the state of the art of the modern science of comparative cognition.

Understanding the USA

Understanding the USA Book
Author : Peter Funke
Publisher : Gunter Narr Verlag
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9783878083368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding the USA book written by Peter Funke, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

In the Light of Evolution

In the Light of Evolution Book
Author : National Academy of Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2014-05-19
ISBN : 0309296439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humans possess certain unique mental traits. Self-reflection, as well as ethic and aesthetic values, is among them, constituting an essential part of what we call the human condition. The human mental machinery led our species to have a self-awareness but, at the same time, a sense of justice, willing to punish unfair actions even if the consequences of such outrages harm our own interests. Also, we appreciate searching for novelties, listening to music, viewing beautiful pictures, or living in well-designed houses. But why is this so? What is the meaning of our tendency, among other particularities, to defend and share values, to evaluate the rectitude of our actions and the beauty of our surroundings? What brain mechanisms correlate with the human capacity to maintain inner speech, or to carry out judgments of value? To what extent are they different from other primates' equivalent behaviors? In the Light of Evolution Volume VII aims to survey what has been learned about the human "mental machinery." This book is a collection of colloquium papers from the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium "The Human Mental Machinery," which was sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences on January 11-12, 2013. The colloquium brought together leading scientists who have worked on brain and mental traits. Their 16 contributions focus the objective of better understanding human brain processes, their evolution, and their eventual shared mechanisms with other animals. The articles are grouped into three primary sections: current study of the mind-brain relationships; the primate evolutionary continuity; and the human difference: from ethics to aesthetics. This book offers fresh perspectives coming from interdisciplinary approaches that open new research fields and constitute the state of the art in some important aspects of the mind-brain relationships.

Network Science in Cognitive Psychology

Network Science in Cognitive Psychology Book
Author : Michael S. Vitevitch
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-11-26
ISBN : 1000740684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides an integrative review of the emerging and increasing use of network science techniques in cognitive psychology, first developed in mathematics, computer science, sociology, and physics. The first resource on network science for cognitive psychologists in a growing international market, Vitevitch and a team of expert contributors provide a comprehensive and accessible overview of this cutting-edge topic. This innovative guide draws on the three traditional pillars of cognitive psychological research–experimental, computational, and neuroscientific–and incorporates the latest findings from neuroimaging. The network perspective is applied to the fundamental domains of cognitive psychology including memory, language, problem-solving, and learning, as well as creativity and human intelligence, highlighting the insights to be gained through applying network science to a wide range of approaches and topics in cognitive psychology Network Science in Cognitive Psychology will be essential reading for all upper-level cognitive psychology students, psychological researchers interested in using network science in their work, and network scientists interested in investigating questions related to cognition. It will also be useful for early career researchers and students in methodology and related courses.

Foundations of Social Cognition

Foundations of Social Cognition Book
Author : Galen V. Bodenhausen,Alan J. Lambert
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2004-05-20
ISBN : 1135637784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A tribute to Robert S. Wyer, Jr.'s remarkable contributions to social psychology, Foundations of Social Cognition offers a compelling analysis of the underlying processes that have long been the focus of Bob Wyer's own research, including attention, perception, inference, and memory. Leading scholars provide an in-depth analysis of these processes as they pertain to one or more substantive areas, including attitudes, construct accessibility, impressions of persons and groups, the interplay between affect and cognition, motivated reasoning, and stereotypes. Each chapter reviews and synthesizes past scholarship with the assessment of current understanding and cutting-edge trends and issues. A "must have" for scholars, researchers, and advanced students in the fields of social and cognitive psychology, as well as those in related fields such as consumer, organizational, and political psychology, neuroscience, marketing, advertising, and communication.

Handbook of Adolescent Development

Handbook of Adolescent Development Book
Author : Sandy Jackson,Luc Goossens
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 1135533598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Adolescent Development fills a gap in the literature on adolescent development and behaviour: all of the authors of the various chapters were invited to include as many findings on European adolescents as possible. Through this specific emphasis, the handbook provides a complement to other reviews of the literature that are mostly based on North American samples. The contributors are all eminent researchers in the field and the individual chapters cover their specific areas of expertise. Theories of adolescence, along with emotional, physical and cognitive issues, are explored. Topics covered include families, peer relations, school and leisure time, as well as problem areas such as depression, drug consumption and delinquency. Handbook of Adolescent Development also incorporates a comprehensive review of the literature in the area and considers avenues for future research. This multidisciplinary text will be of interest to those studying and researching in the fields of developmental psychology, sociology, demography, epidemiology and criminology.

Songbird Behavior and Conservation in the Anthropocene

Songbird Behavior and Conservation in the Anthropocene Book
Author : Darren S. Proppe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-01-27
ISBN : 1000540235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learned and fixed behaviors underlie many of the patterns we observe in songbirds. But the environmental context in which these patterns occur is changing quickly, often to the detriment of the individual and species. The goal of this book is to weave concepts of behavior more tightly into our conservation strategies. Each chapter describes the current understanding of behavior in relation to a particular songbird life history trait. The authors then evaluate challenges that songbirds face in the Anthropocene, and explore the role of behavior in addressing these challenges. The future is uncertain for songbirds, but broadening our management toolkit will increase the potential for success.

Wildlife and Society

Wildlife and Society Book
Author : Michael J. Manfredo
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1597264083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner of The Wildlife Society's 2009 Wildlife Publication Award for outstanding edited book As human populations around the world continue to expand, reconciling nature conservation with human needs and aspirations is imperative. The emergence in recent decades of the academic field of human dimensions of fish and wildlife management is a proactive response to this complex problem. Wildlife and Society brings together leading researchers in the range of specialties that are relevant to the study of human dimensions of fish and wildlife work around the globe to provide theoretical and historical context as well as a demonstration of tools, methodologies, and idea-sharing for practical implementation and integration of practices. Chapters document the progress on key issues and offer a multifaceted presentation of this truly interdisciplinary field. The book • presents an overview of the changing culture of fish and wildlife management; • considers social factors creating change in fish and wildlife conservation; • explores how to build the social component into the philosophy of wildlife management; • discusses legal and institutional factors; • examines social perspectives on contemporary fish and wildlife management issues. Wildlife and Society is uniquely comprehensive in its approach to presenting the past, present, and future of human dimensions of fish and wildlife research and application. It offers perspectives from a wide variety of academic disciplines as well as presenting the views of practitioners from the United States, Europe, Africa, and Latin America. It is an important new reference for anyone concerned with fish and wildlife management or environmental conservation and protection.

Handbook of Behavior Food and Nutrition

Handbook of Behavior  Food and Nutrition Book
Author : Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson,Colin R. Martin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-04-15
ISBN : 9780387922713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book disseminates current information pertaining to the modulatory effects of foods and other food substances on behavior and neurological pathways and, importantly, vice versa. This ranges from the neuroendocrine control of eating to the effects of life-threatening disease on eating behavior. The importance of this contribution to the scientific literature lies in the fact that food and eating are an essential component of cultural heritage but the effects of perturbations in the food/cognitive axis can be profound. The complex interrelationship between neuropsychological processing, diet, and behavioral outcome is explored within the context of the most contemporary psychobiological research in the area. This comprehensive psychobiology- and pathology-themed text examines the broad spectrum of diet, behavioral, and neuropsychological interactions from normative function to occurrences of severe and enduring psychopathological processes.

The Everything Guide to Anger Management

The Everything Guide to Anger Management Book
Author : Robert Puff,James Seghers
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2014-04-18
ISBN : 1440572267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to help you recognize emotional triggers, Improve self control, accept responsibility for your actions, express yourself in a healthy way, Implement relaxation techniques.