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Social And Administrative Aspects Of Pharmacy In Low And Middle Income Countries

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Social and Administrative Aspects of Pharmacy in Low and Middle Income Countries

Social and Administrative Aspects of Pharmacy in Low  and Middle Income Countries Book
Author : Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim,Albert Wertheimer,Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0128112298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social and Administrative Aspects of Pharmacy in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Present Challenges and Future Solutions examines the particularities of low- and middle-income countries and offers solutions based on their needs, culture and available resources. Drawing from the firsthand experience of researchers and practitioners working in these countries, this book addresses the socio-behavioral aspects of pharmacy and health, pharmacoeconomics, pharmaceutical policy, supply management and marketing, pharmacoepidemiology and public health pharmacy specific to low- and middle-income countries. While some practices may be applied appropriately in disparate places, too often pharmacy practice in low- and middle-income countries is directly copied from successes in developed countries, despite the unique needs and challenges low- and middle-income countries face. Examines key issues and challenges of pharmacy practice and the pharmaceutical sector specific to low- and middle-income countries Compares pharmacy practice in developed and developing countries to highlight the unique challenges and opportunities of each Provides a blueprint for the future of pharmacy in low- and middle-income countries, including patient-centered care, evidence-based care and promoting the role of the pharmacist for primary health care in these settings

Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy

Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 0128127368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy covers definitions, concepts, methods, theories and applications of clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice. It highlights why and how this field has a significant impact on healthcare. The work brings baseline knowledge, along with the latest, most cutting-edge research. In addition, new treatments, algorithms, standard treatment guidelines, and pharmacotherapies regarding diseases and disorders are also covered. The book's main focus lies on the pharmacy practice side, covering pharmacy practice research, pharmacovigilance, pharmacoeconomics, social and administrative pharmacy, public health pharmacy, pharmaceutical systems research, the future of pharmacy, and new interventional models of pharmaceutical care. By providing concise expositions on a broad range of topics, this book is an excellent resource for those seeking information beyond their specific areas of expertise. This outstanding reference is essential for anyone involved in the study of pharmacy practice. Provides a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the field Meticulously organized, with articles split into three clear sections, it is the ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information Contains concise and accessible chapters that are ideal as an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from the undergraduate level upwards Includes multimedia options, such as hyperlinked references and further readings, cross-references and videos

Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing and Emerging Markets

Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing and Emerging Markets Book
Author : Onyeka Osuji,Franklin N. Ngwu,Dima Jamali
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-12-19
ISBN : 1108472117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable interdisciplinary resource examining the concept and effectiveness of CSR as a tool for sustainable development in emerging markets.

Drug Safety in Developing Countries

Drug Safety in Developing Countries Book
Author : Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-03
ISBN : 0128204125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug Safety in Developing Countries: Achievements and Challenges provides comprehensive information on drug safety issues in developing countries. Drug safety practice in developing countries varies substantially from country to country. This can lead to a rise in adverse reactions and a lack of reporting can exasperate the situation and lead to negative medical outcomes. This book documents the history and development of drug safety systems, pharmacovigilance centers and activities in developing countries, describing their current situation and achievements of drug safety practice. Further, using extensive case studies, the book addresses the challenges of drug safety in developing countries. Provides a single resource for educators, professionals, researchers, policymakers, organizations and other readers with comprehensive information and a guide on drug safety related issues Describes current achievements of drug safety practice in developing countries Addresses the challenges of drug safety in developing countries Provides recommendations, including practical ways to implement strategies and overcome challenges surrounding drug safety

Social and Administrative Policy in Healthcare and Pharmacy Practice

Social and Administrative Policy in Healthcare and Pharmacy Practice Book
Author : Kingston Rajiah,Shazia Qasim Jamshed,Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-06-01
ISBN : 2889763021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Social and Administrative Policy in Healthcare and Pharmacy Practice book written by Kingston Rajiah,Shazia Qasim Jamshed,Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Economic Dimensions of Covid 19 in Indonesia

Economic Dimensions of Covid 19 in Indonesia Book
Author : Blane D. Lewis,Firman Witoelar
Publisher : ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute
Release : 2021-04-19
ISBN : 9814951463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beginning in December 2019, the coronavirus swept quickly through all regions of the world. COVID 19 has wreaked social, political and economic havoc everywhere and has shown few signs of entirely abating. The recent development and approval of new vaccines against the virus, however, now provides some hope that we may be coming to the beginning of the end of the pandemic. This volume collects papers from a conference titled Economic Dimensions of COVID 19 in Indonesia: Responding to the Crisis, organised by the Australian National University’s Indonesia Project and held online 7–10 September 2020. Collectively, the chapters in this volume focus for the most part on the economic elements of COVID 19 in Indonesia. The volume considers both macro- and micro-economic effects across a variety of dimensions, and short- and long-term impacts as well. It constitutes the first comprehensive analysis of Indonesia’s initial response to the crisis from an economic perspective.

Pharmacy Practice in Developing Countries

Pharmacy Practice in Developing Countries Book
Author : Ahmed Fathelrahman,Mohamed Ibrahim,Albert Wertheimer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-13
ISBN : 0128017112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmacy Practice in Developing Countries: Achievements and Challenges offers a detailed review of the history and development of pharmacy practice in developing countries across Africa, Asia, and South America. Pharmacy practice varies substantially from country to country due to variations in needs and expectations, culture, challenges, policy, regulations, available resources, and other factors. This book focuses on each country’s strengths and achievements, as well as areas of weakness, barriers to improvement and challenges. It sets out to establish a baseline for best practices, taking all of these factors into account and offering solutions and opportunities for the future. This book is a valuable resource for academics, researchers, practicing pharmacists, policy makers, and students involved in pharmacy practice worldwide as it provides lessons learned on a global scale and seeks to advance the pharmacy profession. Uses the latest research and statistics to document the history and development of pharmacy practice in developing countries Describes current practice across various pharmacy sectors to supply a valuable comparative analysis across countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America Highlights areas of achievement, strengths, uniqueness, and future opportunities to provide a basis for learning and improvement Establishes a baseline for best practices and solutions

Brain Informatics

Brain Informatics Book
Author : Mufti Mahmud,Stefano Vassanelli,M. Shamim Kaiser,Ning Zhong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-18
ISBN : 3030592774
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Brain Informatics, BI 2020, held in Padua, Italy, in September 2020. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 33 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 57 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: cognitive and computational foundations of brain science; investigations of human information processing systems; brain big data analytics, curation and management; informatics paradigms for brain and mental health research; and brain-machine intelligence and brain-inspired computing.

Pharmacy Education in the Twenty First Century and Beyond

Pharmacy Education in the Twenty First Century and Beyond Book
Author : Ahmed Fathelrahman,Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim,Alian A. Alrasheedy,Albert Wertheimer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 0128119462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmacy Education in the Twenty First Century and Beyond: Global Achievements and Challenges offers a complete reference on global pharmacy education, along with a detailed discussion of future issues and solutions. This book begins with a brief overview of the history of pharmacy education, covering all levels of education and styles of learning, from undergraduate, continuing professional education, and methods for self-learning and development. Teaching strategies such as team-based learning, problem-based learning and interdisciplinary education are also described and compared to conclude why certain pharmacy programs attract students, and why educators prefer particular teaching strategies, assessment tools and learning styles. As a result, this book provides pharmacy educators, administrators, students and practitioners with a comprehensive guide to pharmacy education that will enable readers to choose the best approaches to improve, reform or select a program based on worldwide experience and the latest available evidence and research. Describes and discusses the advantages and disadvantages associated with different types of pharmacy curricula, degree programs, styles of learning, teaching strategies, and more Edited and written by a team of authors to provide diverse global experiences and insights into what factors make a program attractive and successful Covers important topics in pharmacy education, such as quality and accreditation issues, the business of pharmacy education, leadership and similarities

Global Pharmaceutical Policy

Global Pharmaceutical Policy Book
Author : Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-15
ISBN : 9811527245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medicines are vital in improving patient health outcomes and pharmaceutical policy is a fundamental component of any health system. However, the global pharmaceutical policy is ever-evolving and data and quality ‘research-based information’ in this field are scarce. This book fills this gap and provides up-to-date empirical information and evidence-based synthesis. It focuses on pertinent key issues in global pharmaceutical policy including medicines safety, generic medicines, pharmaceutical supply chain, medicines financing, access and affordability of medicines, rational use of medicines, pharmacy health services research and access to vaccines and biological products. Featuring policy case studies from varied countries such as Mexico, Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Pakistan, this book comprises a valuable and comprehensive resource for students, funders, policymakers, academics, and researchers interested in this field.

Distributed Artificial Intelligence

Distributed Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Satya Prakash Yadav,Dharmendra Prasad Mahato,Nguyen Thi Dieu Linh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 1000262057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) came to existence as an approach for solving complex learning, planning, and decision-making problems. When we talk about decision making, there may be some meta-heuristic methods where the problem solving may resemble like operation research. But exactly, it is not related completely to management research. The text examines representing and using organizational knowledge in DAI systems, dynamics of computational ecosystems, and communication-free interactions among rational agents. This publication takes a look at conflict-resolution strategies for nonhierarchical distributed agents, constraint-directed negotiation of resource allocations, and plans for multiple agents. Topics included plan verification, generation, and execution, negotiation operators, representation, network management problem, and conflict-resolution paradigms. The manuscript elaborates on negotiating task decomposition and allocation using partial global planning and mechanisms for assessing nonlocal impact of local decisions in distributed planning. The book will attract researchers and practitioners who are working in management and computer science, and industry persons in need of a beginner to advanced understanding of the basic and advanced concepts.

Transforming Health Markets in Asia and Africa

Transforming Health Markets in Asia and Africa Book
Author : Gerald Bloom
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1849714169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Markets for health-related goods and services have spread rapidly in many low and middle-income countries. This has substantially increased the availability of health-related goods and services, but it has created problems with safety, efficacy and cost. Making Health Markets Work addresses the challenge of improving health markets so that they better meet the needs of the poor.This book gathers together for the first time information about these little understood yet pervasive systems and offers evidence-based recommendations for policy-makers and private and public sector health managers. It presents a new way of understanding highly marketized health systems, applies this understanding to an analysis of health markets in countries across Asia and Africa and identifies some of the major new developments for making these markets perform better in meeting the needs of the poor"--Provided by publisher.

Encyclopedia of Evidence in Pharmaceutical Public Health and Health Services Research in Pharmacy

Encyclopedia of Evidence in Pharmaceutical Public Health and Health Services Research in Pharmacy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2023-08-27
ISBN : 9783030644765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Read here more about the encyclopedia, in an editorial written by Professor Zaheer Babar: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/7/2549/htm This encyclopedia covers the definitions, concepts, methods, theories, and application of evidence-based pharmaceutical public health and health services research. It highlights why and how this field has a significant impact on healthcare. The work aims to synthesize baseline knowledge as well as the latest and cutting-edge research-based information. The encyclopedia collates information on public health, health services research, evidence-based pharmacy practice and its impacts on patients, decision-makers and consumers. This reference work discusses all aspects of policy and practice decisions on medicines use, access and pharmacy services by covering broad aspects related to pharmacy practice, public health and health services research. The aim is to develop high-quality content, which will be a must-read and be used as a reference source at all pharmacy and medical schools in the world. The health services research investigates the impact of social factors, organizational policies, financing systems, medical technologies and personal influence on access, quality and cost of healthcare concerning the quality of life of the patients. This reference work fundamentally promotes the evidence-based evaluation of healthcare services and thus will improve the better access and delivery of healthcare services. Also, pharmacy, medical and health services students and researchers need a broad understanding of pharmaceutical public health, evidence-based approaches to delivering care, changing professional and patient behavior and undertaking research in these areas. In general, there is a need to build research capacity and capability in the pharmacy profession.

Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs

Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Understanding the Global Public Health Implications of Substandard, Falsified, and Counterfeit Medical Products
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-06-20
ISBN : 0309269393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The adulteration and fraudulent manufacture of medicines is an old problem, vastly aggravated by modern manufacturing and trade. In the last decade, impotent antimicrobial drugs have compromised the treatment of many deadly diseases in poor countries. More recently, negligent production at a Massachusetts compounding pharmacy sickened hundreds of Americans. While the national drugs regulatory authority (hereafter, the regulatory authority) is responsible for the safety of a country's drug supply, no single country can entirely guarantee this today. The once common use of the term counterfeit to describe any drug that is not what it claims to be is at the heart of the argument. In a narrow, legal sense a counterfeit drug is one that infringes on a registered trademark. The lay meaning is much broader, including any drug made with intentional deceit. Some generic drug companies and civil society groups object to calling bad medicines counterfeit, seeing it as the deliberate conflation of public health and intellectual property concerns. Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs accepts the narrow meaning of counterfeit, and, because the nuances of trademark infringement must be dealt with by courts, case by case, the report does not discuss the problem of counterfeit medicines.

Price Setting and Price Regulation in Health Care

Price Setting and Price Regulation in Health Care Book
Author : OECD,World Health Organization,Barber Sarah L,Lorenzoni Luca,Ong Paul
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2019-06-26
ISBN : 9264508864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objectives of this study are to describe experiences in price setting and how pricing has been used to attain better coverage, quality, financial protection, and health outcomes. It builds on newly commissioned case studies and lessons learned in calculating prices, negotiating with providers, and monitoring changes. Recognising that no single model is applicable to all settings, the study aimed to generate best practices and identify areas for future research, particularly in low- and middle-income settings. The report and the case studies were jointly developed by the OECD and the WHO Centre for Health Development in Kobe (Japan).

WHO guideline on country pharmaceutical pricing policies

WHO guideline on country pharmaceutical pricing policies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2020-09-29
ISBN : 9240011870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, high prices of pharmaceutical products have posed challenges in high- and low-income countries alike. In many instances, high prices of pharmaceutical products have led to significant financial hardship for individuals and negatively impacted on healthcare systems' ability to provide population-wide access to essential medicines. Pharmaceutical pricing policies need to be carefully planned, carried out, and regularly checked and revised according to changing conditions. Strong, well-thought-out policies can guide well-informed and balanced decisions to achieve affordable access to essential health products. This guideline replaces the 2015 WHO guideline on country pharmaceutical pricing policies, revised to reflect the growing body of literature since the last evidence review in 2010. This update also recognizes country experiences in managing the prices of pharmaceutical products.

Contemporary Issues in Global Medicine and Moving Toward International Healthcare Equity

Contemporary Issues in Global Medicine and Moving Toward International Healthcare Equity Book
Author : Comninellis, Nick,Waldman, Steven D.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 1799884910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The COVID-19 pandemic is only the latest prompt about the importance of international health and its broad influence upon social wellbeing. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for an informed and coordinated effort to achieve international healthcare equity. Leaders in international health must be conversant in its issues. Contemporary Issues in Global Medicine and Moving Toward International Healthcare Equity provides an understanding of contemporary issues in international medicine. It explores the impact of civil unrest on population health and provides practical strategies for providing clinical care in low resource settings. Covering topics such as international public health, maternal health, and drug resistance, this book is an essential resource for government officials, medical officials, physicians, nurses, social workers, sociologists, epidemiologists, medical students, students and educators of higher education, researchers, and academicians.

The Impact of Health Insurance in Low and Middle Income Countries

The Impact of Health Insurance in Low  and Middle Income Countries Book
Author : Maria-Luisa Escobar,Charles C. Griffin,R. Paul Shaw
Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 0815705611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past twenty years, many low- and middle-income countries have experimented with health insurance options. While their plans have varied widely in scale and ambition, their goals are the same: to make health services more affordable through the use of public subsidies while also moving care providers partially or fully into competitive markets. Colombia embarked in 1993 on a fifteen-year effort to cover its entire population with insurance, in combination with greater freedom to choose among providers. A decade later Mexico followed suit with a program tailored to its federal system. Several African nations have introduced new programs in the past decade, and many are testing options for reform. For the past twenty years, Eastern Europe has been shifting from government-run care to insurance-based competitive systems, and both China and India have experimental programs to expand coverage. These nations are betting that insurance-based health care financing can increase the accessibility of services, increase providers' productivity, and change the population's health care use patterns, mirroring the development of health systems in most OECD countries. Until now, however, we have known little about the actual effects of these dramatic policy changes. Understanding the impact of health insurance–based care is key to the public policy debate of whether to extend insurance to low-income populations—and if so, how to do it—or to serve them through other means. Using recent household data, this book presents evidence of the impact of insurance programs in China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ghana, Indonesia, Namibia, and Peru. The contributors also discuss potential design improvements that could increase impact. They provide innovative insights on improving the evaluation of health insurance reforms and on building a robust knowledge base to guide policy as other countries tackle the health insurance challenge.

Pharmaceutical Care Practice

Pharmaceutical Care Practice Book
Author : Robert J. Cipolle,Linda M. Strand,Peter C. Morley
Publisher : McGraw-Hill
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmaceutical Care Practice introduces a new practice paradigm, moving the profession of pharmacy from one involved with simply the dispensing of drugs to one involving the management of a patient's drug therapy needs. More than ever before, the pharmacist will be responsible for a patient's drug therapy assessment, understanding their history, developing a care plan, achieving therapeutic goals and scheduling follow-up attitude, behaviors, commitments, concerns, ethics, functions, knowledge, responsibilities and skills on the provision of drug therapy to achieve definite outcomes that improve the patient's quality of life. This important book is meant to update the clinical skills of practicing pharmacists, and will serve the needs of students as a core introductory textbook.

Coronavirus Disease COVID 19

Coronavirus Disease   COVID 19 Book
Author : Nima Rezaei
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-10
ISBN : 3030637611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In December 2019, the world witnessed the occurrence of a new coronavirus to humanity. The disease spread quickly and became known as a pandemic globally, affecting both society and the health care system, both the elderly and young groups of people, and both the men’s and women’s groups. It was a universal challenge that immediately caused a surge in scientific research. Be a part of a world rising in fighting against the pandemic, the Coronavirus Disease - COVID-19 was depicted in the early days of the pandemic, but updated by more than 200 scientists and clinicians to include many facets of this new infectious pandemic, including i, characteristics, ecology, and evolution of coronaviruses; ii, epidemiology, genetics, and pathogenesis (immune responses and oxidative stress) of the disease; iii, diagnosis, prognosis, and clinical manifestations of the disease in pediatrics, geriatrics, pregnant women, and neonates; iv, challenges of co-occurring the disease with tropical infections, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and cancer and to the settings of dentistry, hematology, ophthalmology, and pharmacy; v, transmission, prevention, and potential treatments, ranging from supportive ventilator support and nutrition therapy to potential virus- and host-based therapies, immune-based therapies, photobiomodulation, antiviral photodynamic therapy, and vaccines; vi, the resulting consequences on social lives, mental health, education, tourism industry and economy; and vii, multimodal approaches to solve the problem by bioinformatic methods, innovation and ingenuity, globalization, social and scientific networking, interdisciplinary approaches, and art integration. We are approaching December 2020 and the still presence of COVID-19, asking us to call it COVID (without 19).