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Smokeless Tobacco Products

Smokeless Tobacco Products Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-23
ISBN : 0128181591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smokeless Tobacco Products: Characteristics, Usage, Health Effects, and Regulatory Implications, a title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, presents an overview of research on the second most dangerous tobacco product. This book presents findings on public health risks emanating from the complex interaction between smokeless tobacco products and their users. It covers the key components of assessment and provides insight into scientific and public health considerations. The book does not take a simplistic condemnatory position, but rather conceptualizes tobacco use in terms of graduated public health danger and harm reduction. The book begins by introducing smokeless tobacco, its history of use, marketing, and implications for public health. It then continues with coverage of epidemiology, pathology and clinical implications, addiction, and treatment, and includes laboratory studies of human use. The following section explains the chemistry, biochemical mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and role of plant cultivation and manufacturing in toxicity. Finally, the book concludes by addressing regulatory considerations, the scientific basis of regulations, and the role of these products in harm reduction for smokers. This is the first resource of its kind to cover these topics together and in language appropriate to both specialists in the research community and informed persons responsible for legislative, funding, and public health matters in the community at large. Brings attention to smokeless tobacco product use and its association with addiction and disease Considers smokeless tobacco use historically and currently, as well as its place in a future harm-reduction conceptualization of tobacco Written by a distinguished, internationally recognized group of tobacco researchers from academia, independent research organizations, and the federal government with expertise in the many and various disciplines covered

Nicotine in Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products is a Drug and These Products are Nicotine Delivery Devices Under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act

Nicotine in Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products is a Drug and These Products are Nicotine Delivery Devices Under the Federal Food  Drug  and Cosmetic Act Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Nicotine in Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products is a Drug and These Products are Nicotine Delivery Devices Under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Smokeless Tobacco in the Western World 1550 1950

Smokeless Tobacco in the Western World  1550 1950 Book
Author : Jan Rogozinski,Jan Rogoziński
Publisher : Praeger Publishers
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the first comprehensive history of smokeless tobacco consumption from 1550 through the middle of the 20th century in Europe and North America. Focusing throughout on the individual consumer of tobacco, author Jan Rogonzinski presents and analyzes consumption data and summarizes the economic and other factors that have affected consumer choices. Of particular significance is a chapter on the governmental regulation of the marketing of tobacco that indicates an economic linkage between the new and the old worlds in the use of state-granted monopolies to market tobacco in Europe. The only study to make use of existing primary sources on tobacco consumption, marketing, and regulation, this volume is both a major contribution to the historical literature and an objective and readable account of consumer attitudes toward a substance whose impact on society continues to stir frequent and heated debate. Following an introductory chapter that provides a broad historical overview of smokeless tobacco consumption, Rogonzinski presents a brief, nontechnical description of the tobacco plant and its many varieties. He then explains the manufacturing processes that have been associated with each type of tobacco use and traces the early history of these practices through an examination of the literary evidence. The chapter on governmental policies toward tobacco cultivation and marketing shows that, from the very beginning, governments have tried to control or influence the production, manufacture, pricing, and consumption of tobacco products--policies that have never been effective. The next group of chapters analyze the evolution of consumer tobacco preferences by nation and region and includes a separate chapter on smokeless tobacco in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. A glossary, bibliography, and index complete the volume.

Health Implications of Smokeless Tobacco Use

Health Implications of Smokeless Tobacco Use Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Smokeless Tobacco Products

Smokeless Tobacco Products Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781100173993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Nicotine in Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products Is a Drug and These Products Are Nicotine Delivery Devices and Under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Appendices

Nicotine in Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products Is a Drug and These Products Are Nicotine Delivery Devices and Under the Federal Food  Drug and Cosmetic Act   Appendices Book
Author : Barry Leonard
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1999-09-01
ISBN : 0788182226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes: background on nicotine pharmacology; corporate relationship between British-American Tobacco Co. and Brown and Williamson Tobacco Co.; FDA letters to tobacco manufacturers; bibliography of industry-funded research; marketing of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco in the U.S.; citizen petitions and submitted comments; statements by David A. Kessler, M.D., Commissioner of Food and Drugs, on nicotine-containing cigarettes and on the control and manipulation of nicotine in cigarettes; and remarks by David A. Kessler, M.D., The Samuel Rubin Program, The Columbia University School of Law, March 8, 1995.

Acceptability of Female Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use in Bangladesh and India

Acceptability of Female Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use in Bangladesh and India Book
Author : Genevieve Christine Sansone,University of Waterloo. Department of Psychology
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Background: Smokeless tobacco has a long history in Bangladesh and India, where it has become normalized as a socially acceptable behaviour, but the same level of social acceptance does not apply to smoking, especially among females. As a result, there is a large gender gap in smoking rates but the gender difference in smokeless tobacco use is much narrower or even in the opposite direction. Explanations for the higher prevalence and social acceptability of female smokeless tobacco use in this region range from cultural factors to tobacco industry practices and tobacco control policies. Objectives: This study aims to examine acceptability of female smoking and smokeless tobacco use in Bangladesh and India, and to identify factors that might distinguish female tobacco use from male tobacco use and influence behavior such as quitting, including different types of social norms (descriptive and injunctive), beliefs about tobacco, and awareness of tobacco control policies. Methods: Data are from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project in India and Bangladesh, longitudinal cohort surveys of tobacco users and non users conducted using face-to-face interviews. This dissertation uses data from Wave 1 of the TCP India Project (2010-2011; N=10,585) and Waves 2-3 of the ITC Bangladesh Project (2010, N=4,379; and 2011-2012, N=4,225). Respondents were categorized as either smokers (of cigarettes and/or bidis), smokeless tobacco users, mixed users (currently smoke and use smokeless tobacco), or non users of tobacco. The primary measures of interest for this study were behaviours relevant to quitting (quit intentions and quit attempts), perceived social acceptability of tobacco use in general and of female tobacco use in particular, awareness of selected tobacco control policies, and sociodemographics. Results: While rates of female tobacco use were low in each country, females were much more likely to use smokeless tobacco than to smoke, compared to males. In both countries, smokeless tobacco was perceived to be more acceptable than smoking, especially for females. Social acceptability measures were predicted by a few of the measures of awareness of tobacco control policies, including warning labels and smoke-free laws. The majority of respondents were aware that any form of tobacco use is harmful and is not an acceptable behaviour overall, indicating a negative injunctive norm; however, people who use either smoked or smokeless tobacco were more likely to say that their own product is socially acceptable, a sign of justification effects. This effect was strongest for female smokers - only 75-83% said it is not acceptable for females to smoke, compared to 93-97% of male smokers. The influence of descriptive norms on behaviour was seen from the finding that tobacco users were more likely to have friends and parents who shared the same habit. However, most tobacco users also said close others disapproved of their habit, creating a negative subjective norm that may be stronger for females. Very few tobacco users expressed a desire to quit, and a minority had made a quit attempt by Wave 3 in Bangladesh. Social acceptability predicted quit intentions only for smokers in Bangladesh: smokers who perceived greater society disapproval of smoking were more likely to intend to quit. Conclusions: Most research on smoking has focused on men and specifically on the harms of cigarettes; less attention has been paid to other tobacco products or the factors explaining their use, specifically for female tobacco users. It is important to study patterns of tobacco use among females in countries such as Bangladesh and India in order to reduce health risks and improve cessation rates for women who currently use smokeless tobacco, while at the same time preventing more women in these countries from taking up smoking. A better understanding of the ways that social norms influence tobacco use behaviour and quitting can have a valuable impact on designing and implementing more effective tobacco control strategies and health interventions in these countries and other LMICS.

Public Policy and Youth Smokeless Tobacco Use

Public Policy and Youth Smokeless Tobacco Use Book
Author : Frank J. Chaloupka,John A. Tauras
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While much is known about the effects of prices and tobacco control policies on cigarette smoking, relatively little is known about their impact on smokeless tobacco use. This paper addresses these issues using data on smokeless tobacco use by adolescent males taken from the 1992, 1993, and 1994 Monitoring the Future Surveys. Site-specific smokeless tobacco tax data and several measures of limits on youth access to tobacco products are added to the survey data. Ordered probit methods are used to examine the impact of prices and tobacco control policies on the frequency of smokeless tobacco use among young males. Comparable two-part models are estimated for participation in smokeless tobacco use and for conditional smokeless tobacco demand. The estimates indicate that increases in smokeless tobacco taxes would lead to significant reductions in both the number of young men using smokeless tobacco and in the frequency of smokeless tobacco use. The average estimated price elasticity of smokeless tobacco participation for adolescent males is -0.40, while the overall average estimated price elasticity of demand is -0.65. In addition, strong limits on youth access to smokeless tobacco products are found to be effective in reducing both participation in smokeless tobacco use and the frequency of smokeless tobacco use by young males.

Smokeless Tobacco Control

Smokeless Tobacco Control Book
Author : WHO Study Group on Smokeless Tobacco Control
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study group concluded that: (1) the use of smokeless tobacco caused cancer in humans, the evidence for causality being strongest for cancers of the oral cavity; (2) there was some evidence that the habit also increased the risk of cancer of the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, pancreas, and urinary tract; and (3) laboratory studies clearly supported the observation that smokeless tobacco use caused a number of precancerous oral lesions and non-cancerous oral conditions, such as gingival recession. The group considered that, although the evidence relating smokeless tobacco use to other diseases was less conclusive, it might contribute to or support the pathogenesis of coronary artery and peripheral vascular diseases, hypertension, peptic ulcers, and fetal toxicity.

Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products

Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products Book
Author : United States. Food and Drug Administration,CCH Incorporated
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products book written by United States. Food and Drug Administration,CCH Incorporated, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Vaping

Vaping Book
Author : Candace Bagnall
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Manufacture of Pan Masala Tobacco and Tobacco Products Tobacco Cultivation Chewing Tobacco Cigarettes Bidi Cigars Khaini Zarda Gutka Katha Mouth Freshner Pan Chatni Kimam Sweet Supari Nicotine Sulphate USP Nicotine Nicotine Tartarate Nicotine Polacrilex Resin

Manufacture of Pan Masala  Tobacco and Tobacco Products  Tobacco Cultivation  Chewing Tobacco  Cigarettes  Bidi  Cigars  Khaini  Zarda  Gutka  Katha  Mouth Freshner  Pan Chatni  Kimam  Sweet Supari  Nicotine Sulphate  USP Nicotine  Nicotine Tartarate  Nicotine  Polacrilex Resin  Book
Author : NPCS Board of Food Technologists
Publisher : NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 9381039917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tobacco comes from a leafy plant that tends to grow in warm tropical areas. It is famously grown all over the Caribbean, where the warm, sunny conditions make for a perfect growing climate. Tobacco is usually smoked as a nicotinic stimulant and is mostly processed, rolled and dried before being smoked. Different geographies produce different types of the plant. The taste and flavor of the leaves are the characteristic trademarks of different types. The process of curing also determines the type of tobacco. Tobacco products include cigarettes, cigars, loose pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff. These products contain the dried, processed leaves of the tobacco plant nicotiana rustica or nicotiana tabacum. All tobacco contains nicotine, an addictive drug. Today’s tobacco also contains thousands of other chemicals designed to make the products more user-friendly and addictive. Nicotine is a nitrogen-based compound which dissolves in organic compounds. Tobacco leaves contain plenty of nicotine which evaporates on burning. This nitrogen-based compound is addictive in low amounts and toxic in high doses. Nicotine Sulfate is a potent pesticide, known for its high toxicity. A large proportion of Indian economy is agro based in which Tobacco is one of the principal cash crops. The tobacco production and its allied products’ sales in the country have played a prominent role in the development of nation’s economy. India is the largest tobacco market in the world in terms of tobacco consumption. The smokeless tobacco has historically been served as a tradition in India for many decades. Tobacco Waste or dust is generated at various stages of post-harvest processing of tobacco and also while manufacturing various tobacco products mainly during manufacture of tobacco products like cigarette and Beedi. The types of wastes generated during pre and post-harvest practice of tobacco include suckers, stems, mid ribs, leaf waste and dust. The main contents of the book are Tobacco Cultivation, Tobacco Diseases and Pests, Organic Tobacco Production, Chewing Tobacco, Cigarettes, Bidi, Cigars, Readymade Khaini, Chewing Tobacco (Khaini), Zarda, Gutka, Katha, Mouth Fresheners, Pan Chutney, Pan Masala, Kimam, Tobacco of Various Grade, Sweet Supari, Nicotine Sulphate, USP Nicotine, Nicotine Tartarate, Nicotine Polacrilex Resin, Smokeless Tobacco (SLT), Hookah, Tobacco Products Manufacturing Processes, E-Liquid (Main Chemicals, Compounds, Components), Additives in Tobacco Products, Additives Products, Packaging & Labeling (Design Trends & Technologies), Plastics in Food Packaging, Packaging Laws and Regulations and Photographs of Machinery with Supplier’s Contact Details. This book will be a mile stone for its readers who are new to this sector, will also find useful for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area.

Smokeless Tobacco and Oral Health

Smokeless Tobacco and Oral Health Book
Author : Amit Kumar
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9783659291418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smokeless tobacco products have been in existence for thousands of years among populations in South America and Southeast Asia. Over time, these products have gained popularity in throughout the world. Smokeless tobacco is consumed without burning the product, and can be used orally or nasally. All forms of smokeless tobacco contain high concentrations of toxic agents; over 2,000 chemicals, many of which have been directly related to causing cancer. Being real chewing tobacco dangers of smokeless tobacco hazards, these carcinogens increase the risk of cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and esophagus. As health professionals, it is our responsibility to let people know about the ill effects of smokeless tobacco on health, on their families, on the society and in turn on the nation and it is only our primary responsibility to help people to quit this habit, and prevent the young generation from falling prey to this deadly habit. This book provides extensively the information on smokeless tobacco, its ill effect on oral health, measures to control its use with special emphasis on role of oral health professionals in tobacco control.

Systematic Review of the Health Effects of Modified Smokeless Tobacco Products

Systematic Review of the Health Effects of Modified Smokeless Tobacco Products Book
Author : Marita Broadstock,New Zealand Health Technology Assessment Clearing House
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 9781877235986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this review is on the health effects of using modified smokeless tobacco products. Objective: To systematically identify and appraise international epidemiological evidence for reduced harm relating to the major health effects of using modified smokeless tobacco products compared with conventional combustible tobacco products. The safety of using modified smokeless tobacco products compared with not using any form of tobacco is also considered. A broader overview of issues relating to the applicability of the current evidence base to other settings, and the population impact of reduced harm products, is also presented.

Variations of PH Niccotine Levels and Mutagenicity of Smokeless Tobacco Products from U S India and Venezuela

Variations of PH  Niccotine Levels and Mutagenicity of Smokeless Tobacco Products from U S   India  and Venezuela Book
Author : Patricio Jarpa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Variations of PH Niccotine Levels and Mutagenicity of Smokeless Tobacco Products from U S India and Venezuela book written by Patricio Jarpa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Smokeless Tobacco and Some Tobacco specific N nitrosamines

Smokeless Tobacco and Some Tobacco specific N nitrosamines Book
Author : IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans,World Health Organization,International Agency for Research on Cancer
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9283212894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This eighty-ninth volume of the IARC Monographs is the third and last of a series on tobacco-related agents. Volume 83 reported on the carcinogenicity of tobacco smoke and involuntary smoking (second-hand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke) (IARC 2004a). Volume 85 summarized the evidence on the carcinogenic risk of chewing betel quid with and without tobacco (IARC 2004b). That volume explored the variety of products chewed in South Asia and other parts of the word that contain areca nut in combination with other ingredients, often including tobacco. In this eighty-ninth volume, the carcinogenic risks associated with the use of smokeless tobacco, including chewing tobacco and snuff, are considered in a first monograph. The second monograph reviews some tobacco-specific nitrosamines. These agents were evaluated earlier in Volume 37 of the Monographs (IARC 1985) and information gathered since that time has been summarized and evaluated.

Smokeless Tobacco Not a Safe Alternative

Smokeless Tobacco  Not a Safe Alternative Book
Author : Katie John Sharp
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2014-10-21
ISBN : 1422297764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For years now we've all heard the dangers of smoking cigarettes. To avoid those health risks, many people have turned to "chew," "plug," "chaw"-smokeless tobacco. No smoke, no danger. Right?

Regulation of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Proposed rule jurisdictional analysis appendices and related notices

Regulation of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Under the Federal Food  Drug  and Cosmetic Act  Proposed rule  jurisdictional analysis   appendices  and related notices Book
Author : United States. Food and Drug Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Regulation of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Proposed rule jurisdictional analysis appendices and related notices book written by United States. Food and Drug Administration, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Regulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products to Protect Children and Adolescents

Regulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products to Protect Children and Adolescents Book
Author : United States. Food and Drug Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Regulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products to Protect Children and Adolescents book written by United States. Food and Drug Administration, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products

Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products Book
Author : United States. Food and Drug Administration,CCH Incorporated
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco Products book written by United States. Food and Drug Administration,CCH Incorporated, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.