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Smart Textiles For In Situ Monitoring Of Composites

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Smart Textiles for In Situ Monitoring of Composites

Smart Textiles for In Situ Monitoring of Composites Book
Author : Vladan Koncar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-10-29
ISBN : 008102309X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Textiles for in situ Monitoring of Composites proposes a ‘smart textile’ approach to help solve the problem of real-time monitoring of the structural health of composites. The book combines textiles, composites and structural health monitoring knowledge to present an integrated approach to the deployment of smart textiles to monitor failure modes in composite materials. It introduces the theory of smart textiles for monitoring and measurement applications, describes established and developing techniques and approaches for using smart textiles for in-situ monitoring, and includes different fiber/matrix combinations and hybrid structures that are all presented using academic research and real-world case studies. As smart textiles are fitted with flexible adapted sensors and actuators that detect stress, deformation, temperature changes, light intensity, and other signals from the environment, this book is a timely resource on the topic. Proposes a ‘smart textile’ approach to in situ monitoring of the structural health of composites where the composite structure’s functionalized reinforcement also plays a role Discusses the impact of this technology on different reinforcement materials and matrices Demonstrates, through a review of research and case studies, the implementation of sensing and measurement systems

Smart Textiles and Their Applications

Smart Textiles and Their Applications Book
Author : Vladan Koncar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-22
ISBN : 0081005830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Textiles and Their Applications outlines the fundamental principles of applied smart textiles, also reporting on recent trends and research developments. Scientific issues and proposed solutions are presented in a rigorous and constructive way that fully presents the various results, prototypes, and case-studies obtained from academic and industrial laboratories worldwide. After an introduction to smart textiles and their applications from the editor, Part One reviews smart textiles for medical purposes, including their use in health monitoring, treatment delivery, and assistive technologies. Part Two covers smart textiles for transportation and energy, with chapters covering smart textiles for the monitoring of structures and processes, as well as smart textiles for energy generation. The final section considers smart textiles for protection, security, and communication, and includes chapters covering electrochromic textile displays, textile antennas, and smart materials for personal protective equipment. Scientific issues and proposed solutions are presented in a rigorous and constructive way regarding various results, prototypes, and case-studies obtained from academic and industrial laboratories worldwide Useful for researchers and postgraduate students, and also for existing companies and start-ups that are developing products involving smart textiles Authored and edited by an international team who are experts in the field ensure comprehensive coverage and global relevance

Smart Textiles for Protection

Smart Textiles for Protection Book
Author : R Chapman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-10
ISBN : 0857097628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart textiles are materials and structures that sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli, and their integration into protective clothing has led to the development of products with greatly enhanced protective capabilities in hazardous situations. Smart textiles for protection provides a comprehensive analysis of smart materials used in producing protective textiles, and explores a wide range of end-use protective applications. Part one reviews smart materials and technologies. Beginning with an overview of smart textiles for protection, this section goes on to discuss types of materials, surface treatments and the use of nanofibres and smart barrier membranes. The application of sensors, actuators and computer systems in smart protective textiles is explored, followed by a review of biomimetic approaches to design. Part two investigates specific applications of smart textiles for protection. Smart technology for personal protective equipment and clothing, smart protective textiles for older people and smart high-performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications are all discussed in depth, as is the use of smart textiles in the protection of armoured vehicles and in protective clothing for fire fighters and first responders. The final chapter describes recent advances in chemical and biological protective clothing. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Smart textiles for protection is an essential guide for all those involved in the design, development and application of protective smart textiles. Provides a comprehensive analysis of smart materials used in producing protective textiles, and explores a wide range of end-use protective applications Discusses types of materials, surface treatments and the use of nanofibres and smart barrier membranes as well as the application of sensors, actuators and computer systems in smart protective textiles Investigates specific applications of smart textiles for protection, including smart high-performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications

Novel Smart Textiles

Novel Smart Textiles Book
Author : George K. Stylios
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-04-21
ISBN : 303928570X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sensing, adapting, responding, multifunctionality, low energy, small size and weight, ease of forming, and low-cost attributes of smart textiles and their multidisciplinary scope offer numerous end uses in medical, sports and fitness, military, fashion, automotive, aerospace, the built environment, and energy industries. The research and development on these new and high-value materials cross scientific boundaries, redefine material science design and engineering, and enhance quality of life and our environment. “Novel Smart Textiles” is a focused Special Issue that reports the latest research of this field and facilitates dissemination, networking, discussion, and debate.

Carbon Nanotube Fibres and Yarns

Carbon Nanotube Fibres and Yarns Book
Author : Menghe Miao
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-09-14
ISBN : 0081027753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanotube Fibres and Yarns for Smart Textiles: Production, Properties and Applications in Smart Textiles explains the relevance of carbon nanotube science and provides new insights on this emerging, high-performance textile material. Particular emphasis is placed on applications in smart textiles and wearable electronics applications, such as flexible sensors, actuators and energy sources. This collection examines the state-of-the-art in carbon nanotube (CNT) research, providing guidance for anyone who is exploring problems where CNTs may provide design solutions. Finally, the book addresses advances in yarn spinning methods, yarn structures and properties. Drawing on his experience in the textile industry, the book's editor presents academic research in a way that is comprehensible and useful to materials scientists and engineers in practice. Explains how carbon nanotube science can meet the challenging requirements of important and emerging smart textiles and wearable electronics applications Reviews and analyzes key developments on CNT yarn spinning methods, yarn structures and properties, and proposed applications Addresses the potential applications of CNT yarns and nanocomposite fibers

Engineering Textiles

Engineering Textiles Book
Author : Yehia Elmogahzy
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 0081024894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Textiles: Integrating the Design and Manufacture of Textile Products, Second Edition, is a pioneering guide to textile product design and development, enabling the reader to understand essential principles, concepts, materials and applications. This new edition is updated and expanded to include new and emerging topics, design concepts and technologies, such as sustainability, the use of nanotechnology, and wearable textiles. Chapters cover the essential concepts of fiber-to-fabric engineering, product development and design of textile products, different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics, the structure, characteristics and design of textiles, and the development of products for specific applications, including both traditional and technical textiles. This book is an innovative and highly valuable source of information for anyone engaged in textile product design and development, including engineers, textile technologists, manufacturers, product developers, and researchers and students in textile engineering. Presents an integrated approach to textile product design and development Guides the reader from initial principles and concepts, to cutting-edge applications Includes cutting-edge design concepts and major new technologies

Woven Textiles

Woven Textiles Book
Author : Kim Gandhi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 0081024983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Woven Textiles: Principles, Technologies and Applications, Second Edition, is an essential guide to woven textiles. This new edition is updated and expanded to include major new application areas, as well as the latest developments and innovations in terms of fibers, yarns, fabrics, machinery and technology. Sections cover fibers and yarns used for weaving, key preparatory techniques, the fundamentals of weaving technology, the characteristics of woven structures, the use of computer assisted design (CAD) systems, techniques for modelling the structure of woven fabrics, methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures, and the application of woven textiles in a range of technologies. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, this second edition will be an indispensable guide for all designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles, as well as for academics and researchers in the field of textiles. Provides extensive coverage of woven textiles, including their preparation, manufacture, woven structures and characteristics Presents the latest technical applications of woven textiles, such as transportation, geotextiles, medical applications, sports and leisure, filtration, and composite structures Enables the reader to understand the latest technological advances in the area of woven textiles

Cut Protective Textiles

Cut Protective Textiles Book
Author : Daniel Li
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-23
ISBN : 0128203919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cut Protective Textiles is a comprehensive guide to the background theory, industrial testing methods, regulations, applications and material characteristics important to those working with cut protective textiles. This book will help readers understand the pitfalls of assessing cut performance and how to translate that understanding into innovative concepts for their research or product development. Detailed coverage of the properties of cut resistant textiles includes information on fibers, yarns and fabrics, providing a valuable resource for a wide range of researchers and practitioners. The book's comparisons will help clear up confusion caused by different testing methods. Finally, the inclusion of methodologies for the creation of cut protective articles will help readers make full use of this book in a practical setting. Explains global testing standards in detail, also comparing their various strengths and weaknesses Provides cut resistance performance information for different materials Introduces the characteristics of the appropriate materials with supporting theory Draws on industry best practice to create a detailed guide to making cut resistant products

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers Book
Author : Michael Jaffe,Joseph D. Menczel
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-22
ISBN : 0081005814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers offers systematic and comprehensive coverage of the subject, from the principles of fiber structure and established TA methods, to advanced TA techniques and their application to high-performance fibers and textiles. Thermal analysis is a convenient method for assessing fiber and fabric performance as monitored under end-use relevant conditions. Expertise in this field requires knowledge of both TA methods and of fiber behavior, information that is brought together in this new volume. In recent years, thermal analysis has been applied to a variety of novel and high-performance fibers, such as Kevlar, Vectran, PBI, polyolefins, polypropylene, PAN and PVA, amongst others. TA techniques are also used in fiber identification, characterization and stability testing and may be combined with spectroscopic techniques to yield still more information about fiber properties. Includes chapters on novel and high-performance fibers that are used in assembling technical textiles Covers advanced TA methods, such as combined and modulated techniques Brings together focused information on TA for fibers and textiles that is not otherwise available in a single volume

Sustainable Technologies for Fashion and Textiles

Sustainable Technologies for Fashion and Textiles Book
Author : Rajkishore Nayak
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-12-01
ISBN : 0081028687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Technologies for Fashion and Textiles combines the latest academic research and industrial practices to shed light on a wide range of activities that influence how the textiles industry affects the natural environment. Pressure from regulators, customers and other stakeholders has pressed companies to translate general sustainability concepts and ideas into business practices. This is leading to improvements in how the industry consumes water, electricity and chemicals, and to a reduction in the amount of waste generated by textile processes. This book groups approaches to these topics under four themes, fiber, yarn and fabric production, chemical processing, garment manufacturing and recycling. Addresses sustainability challenges that occur throughout the supply chain, from the sourcing of raw materials, to recycling finished products Provides introductions to sustainability—both in general and within the textiles industry—making this topic accessible for readers of all backgrounds Compares the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches to sustainability, helping readers avoid pitfalls when devising their own strategies

Advances in Textile Biotechnology

Advances in Textile Biotechnology Book
Author : Artur Cavaco-Paulo,Vincent A. Nierstrasz,Qiang Wang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-07-07
ISBN : 0081027702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Textile Biotechnology, Second Edition examines the latest in biotechnology for the fiber and textile industry. This new edition has been fully revised to include the current essential areas of development in the field, covering both natural and synthetic fibers. Chapters cover the latest technology in bioprocessing for bast fiber, PVA, polyester, wool and silk before exploring issues of enzyme stability. Essential areas of application and development are then considered, including biomedical textiles, silk materials for biotechnological applications, bacterial cellulose, the ink jetting of enzymes, and the role of enzymes, wool and silk fibers. Containing groundbreaking research, this book will be essential reading for manufacturers, designers and engineers in the textiles industry, textile and fiber scientists, and academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the area of textile technology. Provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fiber and textile industry Presents fully revised content, with a new focus on biosynthesis and bioprocessing for novel textile fibers, both synthetic and natural Enables readers to understand and utilize the benefits of biotechnology for the manufacture and production of textiles

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies Book
Author : Peter Schwartz
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-08-15
ISBN : 0081027699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies, Second Edition, offers detailed information on all aspects of textile structure and mechanics. This new edition is updated to include the latest technology and techniques, as well as fiber assembly for major application areas. Chapters discuss the mechanics of materials and key mechanical concepts, such as stress, strain, bending and shear, but also examine structure and mechanics in-depth, including fabric type, covering yarns, woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, nonwovens, tufted fabrics, textile composites, laminated and coated textile fabrics, and braided structures. Finally, structure and mechanics are approached from the viewpoint of key applications areas. This book will be an essential source of information for scientists, technologists, engineers, designers, manufacturers and R&D managers in the textile industry, as well as academics and researchers in textiles and fiber science. Provides methodical coverage of all essential fabric types, including yarns, woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, nonwovens, tufted fabrics, textile composites, laminated and coated textile fabrics, and braided structures Enables the reader to understand the mechanical properties and structural parameters of fabric at a highly detailed level Expanded update includes an analysis of fiber assemblies for key technical areas, such as protective fabrics and medical textiles

Anthropometry Apparel Sizing and Design

Anthropometry  Apparel Sizing and Design Book
Author : Norsaadah Zakaria,Deepti Gupta
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0081026056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anthropometry, Apparel Sizing and Design, Second Edition, reviews techniques in anthropometry, sizing system developments, and their applications to clothing design. The book addresses the need for the improved characterization of population size, weights and the shapes of consumers. This new edition presents the very latest advances, and is expanded to include in-depth coverage of sizing and fit for specific groups and applications. Sections cover the development of sizing systems, classification and body types, the use of anthropometric data, body measurement devices and techniques, including 3D scanners for the full body and for particular body parts, 4D scanning technology and motion analysis. Additional sections cover testing and the evaluation of fit and anthropometric sizing systems for particular functions, thus reflecting the increasing need for apparel to meet specific needs, such as in swimwear, protective clothing, mobility, intimate apparel, footwear and compression garments. This book will be an essential reference source for apparel designers, manufacturers, retailers and merchandisers. Its detailed information and data will also be of great interest to researchers and postgraduate students across clothing technology, product design, fashion and textiles. Reviews methods and techniques in anthropometry, sizing system development, and applications in clothing design Enables users to understand and utilize detailed anthropometric data Covers sizing and fit for particular uses, including protective clothing, compression garments, intimate apparel and footwear

Silk Materials Processes and Applications

Silk  Materials  Processes  and Applications Book
Author : Narendra Reddy
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-16
ISBN : 0128196874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silk: Materials, Processes, and Applications addresses the latest research on the structure and properties of silk fibers, properties of silk-based materials, and cutting edge-related industrial practices. It pays particular attention to mulberry silk, but unconventional silks such as spider silk and marine silk fibers are also covered. Although silk is one of the oldest known fibers, new research continues to shed light on its properties, leading it to be applied in new contexts particularly in the medical field, and new non-textile areas. In addition to structural and mechanical qualities, this book also includes a great deal of new research on the chemical modifications of silk fibers, and other processing methods. With a focus on practical methodologies, this is the most readable and readily applicable book on silk so far, making it a perfect guide for readers with a range of backgrounds. Addresses the fundamental differences between mulberry, spider, and wild silks Describes silk fiber and non-fiber forms, including hydrogels and films In-depth coverage of silk-processing methods provides the perfect starting point for biotechnologists interested in the use of silk for non-textile applications

Smart Sensors for Industrial Applications

Smart Sensors for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1466568119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sensor technologies are a rapidly growing area of interest in science and product design, embracing developments in electronics, photonics, mechanics, chemistry, and biology. Their presence is widespread in everyday life, where they are used to sense sound, movement, and optical or magnetic signals. The demand for portable and lightweight sensors is relentless in several industries, from consumer electronics to biomedical engineering to the military. Smart Sensors for Industrial Applications brings together the latest research in smart sensors technology and exposes the reader to myriad applications that this technology has enabled. Organized into five parts, the book explores: Photonics and optoelectronics sensors, including developments in optical fibers, Brillouin detection, and Doppler effect analysis. Chapters also look at key applications such as oxygen detection, directional discrimination, and optical sensing. Infrared and thermal sensors, such as Bragg gratings, thin films, and microbolometers. Contributors also cover temperature measurements in industrial conditions, including sensing inside explosions. Magnetic and inductive sensors, including magnetometers, inductive coupling, and ferro-fluidics. The book also discusses magnetic field and inductive current measurements in various industrial conditions, such as on airplanes. Sound and ultrasound sensors, including underwater acoustic modem, vibrational spectroscopy, and photoacoustics. Piezoresistive, wireless, and electrical sensors, with applications in health monitoring, agrofood, and other industries. Featuring contributions by experts from around the world, this book offers a comprehensive review of the groundbreaking technologies and the latest applications and trends in the field of smart sensors.

Self Powered Smart Fabrics for Wearable Technologies

Self Powered Smart Fabrics for Wearable Technologies Book
Author : Fatemeh Mokhtari
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-05
ISBN : 303106481X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an innovative methodology to fabricate nanostructured piezoelectric composite fibers with wearable technologies application as an energy generator and/or sensors. It reports on methods of piezoelectric fiber formation and development of novel textile structures (weave, knit, braid, coil) with embedded electrodes. The flexibility and small diameter of the final fiber make it possible to use them in garment without affecting structure of comfort. The performance of the fiber generators was evaluated through different applications such as air and water sensor, health and movement monitoring, and energy generator. The book targets a wide readership including materials scientists, electrical engineering, soft robotics, Internet of things, electronic textiles, and wearable technology.

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers Book
Author : Mukesh Kumar Singh,Annika Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-09-19
ISBN : 0128242396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Polymers and Fibres addresses an integral part of fiber and polymer manufacturing processes that is crucial in helping manufacturers ensure that final products achieve intended specifications. The characterization of fiber and polymers is needed for attributes including molecular weight, morphology, dyeing behavior, tensile, optical and thermal behavior. This book covers a wide range of characterization techniques, including thermal, X-ray diffraction, solubility, tensile, optical, hygroscopic and particle size distribution. Introductions and definitions are provided where beneficial to make topics accessible to a broad range of readers in both academia and industry. Addressing advances from the fields of bioscience, polymer science, material science, and textile science, this book is wide in scope, drawing on the latest research to provide details of characterization techniques and equipment. Provides a thorough description of the material quality control process, including the latest industry practice Presents material characterization at all levels, from the atomic level to surface structure Covers technical advice on natural fiber characterization methods, including XRD, XPS, TGA, SEM, TEM, AFM, Contact angle, Particle size analysis, FTIR, and NMR

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Seiko Jose
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-08-16
ISBN : 0128240571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites is an in-depth and practical exploration of wool-based composites, covering everything from the morphology of wool fiber to the industrial applications of wool composites. Wool has emerged in the top position for this role because of its unique characteristics. While fine wool is too costly for many such applications, coarse wool of greater than 35 microns fiber length is globally under-utilized. This pioneering book describes every form of wool composite, woven, nonwoven, felt and fiber, including different fabrication methods. In unique detail, the international team of expert contributors describe the morphology, structure and properties of wool, methods for the chemical modification of wool, different forms of wool-polymer composites, and many exciting emerging applications. Provides technical details on a wide range of applications of wool-fiber polymer composites, including in construction and medicine Draws on an interdisciplinary panel of experts from fields such as textiles, polymer science and chemistry to create a guide for readers of all backgrounds Describes wool characterization techniques in detail

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers Book
Author : Yanfei Xu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 1839687142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers have infiltrated almost every aspect of modern technology, as they have wide applications ranging from building insulation and firefighter uniforms to the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft and electronics packaging. However, common polymers are flammable. Inflammability and thermal insulation properties in polymers are important for specific applications. This book discusses recent advances in developing eco-friendly, flame-retardant, and thermally insulative polymer-based materials. It not only focuses on developments of high-performance flame retardants, but also examines flame retardant behaviors in polymers. Eco-friendly polymers with superior flame retardancy, extraordinary thermal insulation, and excellent mechanical strength will provide new opportunities for existing and future applications.

Accident and Emergency Informatics

Accident and Emergency Informatics Book
Author : T.M. Deserno,M. Haghi,N. Al-Shorbaji
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2022-06-17
ISBN : 164368275X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time is short in emergency situations; the need for action becomes imperative. Biomedical Informatics can be invaluable in supporting the management of emergency medicine, and the need for the creation of Accident and Emergency Informatics (A&EI) as a novel subfield became obvious. As in all areas of Biomedical Informatics, A&EI must deal with issues such as relevant data collection, the management of data extracted from accident sites, health records or sensors, wearables and apps, and appropriate data processing, with the dual purpose of preventing harm and decision support. This book is an introduction to the research and application domain of A&EI, and is the product of three years’ work by the Working Group in A&EI of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA). The book presents ten chapters organized in four sections. The first section explores the framework for achieving an emergency-informatics health information infrastructure; the second focuses on the gathering of critical clinical data related to the building up of a smart environment for A&EI; the third introduces state-of-the-art technologies for integration into virtual emergency registries; and the final part considers the delicate issues of patient safety raised by the introduction of surveillance technologies into clinical care, along with other issues presenting challenges to the domain of A&EI for the future. The book is an important contribution to the field of A&EI, and will be of interest to healthcare professionals, informaticians, and all those who want a better understanding of the domain of Accident and Emergency Informatics.