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Smart Cities and Smart Governance

Smart Cities and Smart Governance Book
Author : Elsa Estevez,Theresa A. Pardo,Hans Jochen Scholl
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-17
ISBN : 3030610330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume discusses smart cities and smart governance within the framework of the 22nd century sustainable city. Written by members of the Smart Cities Smart Government Research Practice Consortium (SCSGRPC), an international multidisciplinary consortium of researchers and practitioners devoted to studying smart governance, this book provides a foundation for global efforts to envision and prepare for the next generation city by advancing understanding of the nature of and need for novel policies, new administrative practices, and enabling technologies required to advance urban governance, governments, and infrastructure. The chapters focus on practical models and approaches, theoretical frameworks, policy models, emerging issues, questions and research problems, as well as including case studies from different parts of the world. A valuable addition to the body of knowledge on smartness in urban government, this book will be of use to researchers in the fields of public administration, political science, information science, and information systems, as well as policy makers and government officials working on implementing smart technology in their cities.

Urban Governance and Smart City Planning

Urban Governance and Smart City Planning Book
Author : Zaheer Allam
Publisher : Emerald Publishing Limited
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN : 9781839821073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a changing climate characterised by rapid urbanisation it is increasingly difficult to devise resilient urban governance models which also preserve the environment. This book takes Singapore, the incontestable leader in this field, as a case study, delving into the triumphant story of its successes in urban governance and smart city planning.

Design Control Predict

Design  Control  Predict Book
Author : Aaron Shapiro
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 1452962111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An in-depth look at life in the “smart” city Technology has fundamentally transformed urban life. But today’s “smart” cities look little like what experts had predicted. Aaron Shapiro shows us the true face of the revolution in urban technology, taking the reader on a tour of today’s smart city. Along the way, he develops a new lens for interpreting urban technologies—logistical governance—to critique an urban future based on extraction and rationalization. Through ethnographic research, journalistic interviews, and his own hands-on experience, Shapiro helps us peer through cracks in the smart city’s facade. He investigates the true price New Yorkers pay for “free,” ad-funded WiFi, finding that it ultimately serves the ends of commercial media. He also builds on his experience as a bike courier for a food delivery startup to examine how promises of “flexible employment” in the gig economy in fact pave the way for strict managerial control. And he turns his eye toward hot-button debates around police violence and new patrol technologies, asking whether algorithms are really the answer to reforming our cities’ ongoing crises of criminal justice. Through these gripping accounts of the new technological urbanism, Design, Control, Predict makes vital contributions to conversations around data privacy and algorithmic governance. Shapiro brings much-needed empirical research to a field that has often relied on “10,000-foot views.” Timely, important, and expertly researched, Design, Control, Predict doesn’t just help us comprehend urbanism today—it advances strategies for critiquing and resisting a dystopian future that can seem inevitable.

Smart City Governance

Smart City Governance Book
Author : Alois Paulin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 0128165995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart City Governance examines public domain activities and services in the digital age, evaluating all facets of smart city e-governance that fosters a cohesive understanding for the emerging generation of advanced “digital natives. Exploring the tensions between political science and jurisprudence theories with the principles of societies and their alignment with legal systems, the book examines how governance systems can translate into the digital domain, addressing both the technical and legal dimensions. It offers a model for the technological foundation of governance, discussing existing technological components. The book concludes with a section on outlooks for further research. Explores the development of sustainable governance by examining how public domain governance can leverage the full potential of smart city technologies Provides insights on the technical side of smart city governance Fuels discussions on how tomorrow’s urban public institutions can contribute to a more inclusive and participatory society Provides a system architecture blueprint based on the insights and lessons learned

Citizens in the Smart City

Citizens in the  Smart City  Book
Author : Paolo Cardullo
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-23
ISBN : 0429798091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book critically examines ‘smart city’ discourse in terms of governance initiatives, citizen participation, and policies which place emphasis on the ‘citizen’ as an active recipient and co-producer of technological solutions to urban problems. The current hype around ‘smart cities’ and digital technologies has sparked debates in the fields of citizenship, urban studies, and planning surrounding the rights and ethics of participation. It has also sparked debates around the forms of governance these technologies actively foster. This book presents new sociotechnological systems of governance that monitor citizen power, trust-building strategies, and social capital. It calls for new data economics and digital rights for a city founded on normative ideals rather than neoliberal ones. It adopts a prescriptive approach, arguing that a ‘reloaded’ smart city should foster citizenship as a new set of civil and social rights and the ‘citizen’ as a subject vested with active and meaningful forms of participation and political power. Ultimately, the book questions the utility of the ‘smart city’ project for radical municipalism, proposing a technological enough but more democratic city – an ‘intelligent city’, in fact. Offering useful contributions to ‘smart city’ initiatives for the protection of emerging digital citizenship rights and socially accrued benefits, this book will draw the interest of researchers, policymakers, and professionals in the fields of urban studies, urban planning, urban geography, computing and technology studies, urban politics, and urban economics.

Smart Governance Kashiwa no ha Smart City in Japan as a Model for Future Urban Development

Smart Governance  Kashiwa no ha Smart City in Japan as a Model for Future Urban Development  Book
Author : Markus Gornik
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9783946356202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since urban processes need models of possible futures (referred to as travelling concepts) to drive their development, this study investigates whether planned-from-scratch smart city Kashiwa-no-ha International Campus Town Initiative can produce such an image with its smart governance approach, that is combined with an urban living lab. Using geographical governance research in relation to urban development processes as a framework, this master's thesis derives its own definition of the fuzzy concept of smart governance within the smart city vision based on a socio-geographical understanding of space, here referred to as Smart Urban Governance. Additionally, a set of indicators for the operationalisation of Smart Urban Governance is designed and applied to the case study. Methodologically, the thesis pursues a qualitative approach and, in this context, carries out a descriptive and normative governance analysis of Kashiwa-no-ha on the basis of the existing literature and empirical surveys conducted by the author. [...].

Smart Cities

Smart Cities Book
Author : Zaigham Mahmood
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-13
ISBN : 3319766694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable text/reference investigates the state of the art in approaches to building, monitoring, managing, and governing smart cities. A particular focus is placed on the distributed computing environments within the infrastructure of such cities, including issues of device connectivity, communication, security, and interoperability. A selection of experts of international repute offer their perspectives on current trends and best practices, and their suggestions for future developments, together with case studies supporting the vision of smart cities based on the Internet of Things (IoT). Topics and features: examines the various methodologies relating to next-level urbanization, including approaches to security and privacy relating to social and legal aspects; describes a recursive and layered approach to modeling large-scale resource management systems for self-sustainable cities; proposes a novel architecture for hybrid vehicular wireless sensor networks, and a pricing mechanism for the management of natural resources; discusses the challenges and potential solutions to building smart city surveillance systems, applying knowledge-based governance, and adopting electric vehicles; covers topics on intelligent distributed systems, IoT, fog computing paradigms, big data management and analytics, and smart grids; reviews issues of sustainability in the design of smart cities and healthcare services, illustrated by case studies taken from cities in Japan, India, and Brazil. This illuminating volume offers a comprehensive reference for researchers investigating smart cities and the IoT, students interested in the distributed computing technologies used by smart living systems, and practitioners wishing to adopt the latest security and connectivity techniques in smart city environments.

E Governance for Smart Cities

E Governance for Smart Cities Book
Author : T. M. Vinod Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-26
ISBN : 9812872876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the electronic governance in a smart city through case studies of cities located in many countries. “E-Government” refers to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government. These technologies can serve a variety of different ends: better delivery of government services to citizens, improved interactions with business and industry, citizen empowerment through access to information, or more efficient government management. The resulting benefits are less corruption, increased transparency, greater convenience, revenue growth, and/or cost reductions. The book is divided into three parts. • E-Governance State of the Art Studies of many cities • E-Governance Domains Studies • E-Governance Tools and Issues

Data Analytics and Governance in smart Cities

Data  Analytics and Governance in  smart  Cities Book
Author : Robert Wilhelm Siegfried Ruhlandt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Opportunities to ameliorate the living standards of billions of people are scarce. However, supporting cities to deliver on their responsibilities as custodians of the public good and advancing the manner in which they operate may provide a valuable opportunity to do so. Data now fall under cities' most valuable possessions, referred to as the new oil of the digital era. If appropriately deployed, data offer the potential to make a significant contribution to overcome some of the current and upcoming urbanization challenges within cities, predominantly caused by population growth together with rural-to-urban migration. However, many cities underutilize this crucial asset. Not surprisingly, a city's path to appropriate data collection, management, analysis and utilization, referred to hereafter as data and analytics, is demanding and can be marked by substantial hurdles. For example, organizational, strategic and technical challenges have made it difficult for cities to capture the benefits of becoming or being "smart". This dissertation addresses some of the long-standing challenges to smart cities by focusing on the search for condition variables that drive cities' levels of utilization of data and analytics. In Chapter 2 (the "first" paper), a systematic literature review gathers, summarizes, and structures the diverse conceptualizations of "smart city governance" (SCG) in the extant academic literature. The review highlights the status of research in this area and identifies research gaps. Specifically, the analysis reveals that various perspectives exist regarding the different contextual factors affecting SCG, the metrics to measure the components and the envisaged outcomes of SCG. The chapter presents a comprehensive and integrated SCG scheme to create a clearer and consistent understanding of the concept of SCG among both scholars and practitioners. Chapter 3 (the "second" paper) of this dissertation employs a multi-method approach (incl. comparative case studies, content analysis, and the Delphi method) to identify and operationalize potential condition variables that could have an independent or (joint) impact on cities' levels of utilization of data and analytics. The findings of this study indicate a variety of different potential condition variables and appropriate measurement techniques. In Chapter 4 (the "third" paper), this dissertation uses a targeted application of the "fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis" (fsQCA) method to investigate the condition variables' independent or joint impacts on cities' levels of utilization of data and analytics to systematically detect the various causal relationships ("recipes"). The outcome of this fsQCA analysis allows us to derive a set of propositions about different causal pathways and reveals necessary and sufficient condition variables to enhance cities' utilization of data and analytics. For scholars, the dissertation contributes to the growing body of knowledge by creating a comprehensive taxonomy of SCG, by identifying the drivers of cities' utilization of data and analytics and by promoting the research methodology fsQCA to analyze the drivers of cities' utilization of data and analytics. For practitioners, the thesis provides valuable insights through the formation of a comprehensive conceptualization of SCG, a standardization tool for assessing cities' data and analytics utilization and a prioritization of factors that can drive cities' levels of utilization of data and analytics. I propose that future research attempts can build on or exploit certain techniques (e.g. fsQCA) or findings (e.g. causal pathways) from this dissertation in order to generate additional insights in the area of smart cities use of data and analytics. In conclusion, this dissertation can be viewed as an attempt to advance the theoretical and practical knowledge in the fields of smart cities and data and analytics. This appears crucial at a time when great significance is ascribed to the SC concept, and thus on data and analytics, to tackle and overcome the significant challenges and obstacles lying ahead for cities.

Smart Cities Issues and Challenges

Smart Cities  Issues and Challenges Book
Author : Miltiadis Lytras,Anna Visvizi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128166398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 15 similarly structured chapters, Transitioning to Smart Cities: Mapping Political, Economic, and Social Risks and Threats serves as a primer on smart cities, providing readers with no prior knowledge on smart cities with an understanding of the current smart cities debates. Gathering cutting-edge research and insights from academics, practitioners and policy-makers around the globe, Transitioning to Smart Cities identifies and discusses the nascent threats and challenges contemporary urban areas face, highlighting the drivers and ways of navigating these issues in an effective way. Uniquely providing a blend of conceptual academic analysis with empirical insights, Transitioning to Smart Cities produces policy recommendations that boost urban sustainability and resilience. With the multiplicity of qualitatively new issues and developments in these debates, Transitioning to Smart Cities offer an invaluable framework on current developments shaping today and tomorrow's urban Combines conceptual academic approaches with empirically-driven insights and best practices Offers new approaches and arguments from inter and multi-disciplinary perspectives Provides foundational knowledge and comparative insight from global case-studies that enable critical reflection and operationalization Generates policy recommendations that pave the way to debate and case-based planning

Smart Governance for Cities Perspectives and Experiences

Smart Governance for Cities  Perspectives and Experiences Book
Author : Nuno Vasco Moreira Lopes
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-28
ISBN : 3030220702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides theoretical perspectives and practical experiences on smart governance for smart cities. It presents a balanced linkage between research, policies and practices on this area. The authors discuss the sustainability challenges raised by rapid urbanization, challenges with smart governance models in various countries, and a new governance paradigm seen as a capable approach able to overcome social, economic and environmental sustainability problems. The authors include case studies on transformation, adaption and transfers; and country, regional, municipal contextualization. Also included are best practices on monitoring and evaluating smart governance and impact assessment. The book features contributions from researchers, academics, and practitioners in the field. Analyzes smart governance for cities from a variety of perspectives and a variety of sectors – both in theory and in practice Features information on the linkage between United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and smart governance Covers the connection between research, policies and practice in smart governance for smart cities

Smart City Emergence

Smart City Emergence Book
Author : Leonidas Anthopoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128161698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart City Emergence: Cases from Around the World analyzes how smart cities are currently being conceptualized and implemented, examining the theoretical underpinnings and technologies that connect theory with tangible practice achievements. Using numerous cities from different regions around the globe, the book compares how smart cities of different sizes are evolving in different countries and continents. In addition, it examines the challenges cities face as they adopt the smart city concept, separating fact from fiction, with insights from scholars, government officials and vendors currently involved in smart city implementation. Utilizes a sound and systematic research methodology Includes a review of the latest research developments Contains, in each chapter, a brief summary of the case, an illustration of the theoretical context that lies behind the case, the case study itself, and conclusions showing learned outcomes Examines smart cities in relation to climate change, sustainability, natural disasters and community resiliency

Global Trends of Smart Cities

Global Trends of Smart Cities Book
Author : Tooran Alizadeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-15
ISBN : 0128198877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Trends of Smart Cities provides integrated analysis of 135 cities that participated in the IBM’s Smarter Cities Challenge in 2010–2017. It establishes evidence-based benchmarking of city geographies, city sizes, governance structures, and local planning contexts in smart cities. This book uses a combination of descriptive statistical analysis and real-world case study narratives to evaluate the ways in which each individual urban variable or their combination matter in the diversity of smart city approaches around the globe. It is acknowledged that the Smarter Cities Challenge offers a particular set of smart initiatives and is not representative of all smart cities around the world. Nevertheless, the global presence of the Challenge across five continents and its involvement with 135 cities of all size and socioeconomic status provides a solid foundation to conduct comparative research on smart cities. Considering limited comparative research available in the smart city debate, this book makes significant contribution in understanding the state of smart city development in urban governments worldwide. Offers an integrated assessment of smart cities using a combination of statistical analysis and real-world case study narrations Compares smart city interventions from the 135 cities that participated in the Smarter Cities Challenge with detailed case study narrations included for 17 cities Demonstrates the ways in which geography, size, governance, and local planning context—each individually and in combination with each other—influence smart city development around the globe Develops an urban research perspective to the smart city discourse otherwise dominated by digital and IT specialists, engineers, and business experts Identifies the North–South divide as the most influential factor explaining how smart urbanism is framed worldwide and argues that the future of smart city development depends on how "smart" approaches the ongoing and increasing level of inequity and inequality not only within our cities but also at the transregional and transnational levels

Smart Cities

Smart Cities Book
Author : Schahram Dustdar,Stefan Nastić,Ognjen Šćekić
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-28
ISBN : 3319600303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a coherent, novel vision of Smart Cities, built around a value-driven architecture. It describes the limitations of the contemporary notion of the Smart City and argues that the next developmental step must actively include not only the physical infrastructure, but information technology and human infrastructure as well, requiring the intensive integration of technical solutions from the Internet of Things (IoT) and social computing. The book is divided into five major parts, the first of which provides both a general introduction and a coherent vision that ties together all the components that are required to realize the vision for Smart Cities. Part II then discusses the provisioning and governance of Smart City systems and infrastructures. In turn, Part III addresses the core technologies and technological enablers for managing the social component of the Smart City platform. Both parts combine state-of-the-art research with cutting-edge industrial efforts in the respective fields. Lastly, Part IV details a road map to achieving Cyber-Human Smart Cities. Rounding out the coverage, it discusses the concrete technological advances needed to move beyond contemporary Smart Cities and toward the Smart Cities of the future. Overall, the book provides an essential overview of the latest developments in the areas of IoT and social computing research, and outlines a research roadmap for a closer integration of the two areas in the context of the Smart City. As such, it offers a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students alike.

Smart Cities and Urban Data Platforms Designing Interfaces for Smart Governance

Smart Cities and Urban Data Platforms  Designing Interfaces for Smart Governance Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: The proliferation of smart city policies worldwide in recent years has seen digital infrastructure, urban data and software design play increasingly central roles in the contemporary governance of the city. This article addresses the role of urban data platforms in supporting the delivery of smart city initiatives by city governments, with a view to establishing a typology for effective strategic investments in urban data interfaces aligned to governance objectives. Drawing on a range of different interfaces and approaches, the article discusses the proliferation of urban data platforms through a set of distinct functions and typologies. The discussion aims to position urban data platforms as key sites for the development of new governance models for smart cities, and forums in which decision-makers, researchers, urbanists and technologists seek to test the potentials and pitfalls of data-driven methodologies in addressing a range of contemporary urban challenges. Highlights: Undertakes a review of urban data platforms. Includes discussion of open data and government as a platform. Offers a typology of urban data platforms.

The Responsive City

The Responsive City Book
Author : Stephen Goldsmith,Susan Crawford
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-25
ISBN : 1118910907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Leveraging Big Data and 21st century technology to renew cities and citizenship in AmericaThe Responsive City: Engaging Communities Through Data-Smart Governance. The Responsive City is a guide to civic engagement and governance in the digital age that will help leaders link important breakthroughs in about technology and big data analytics with age-old lessons of small-group community input to create more agile, competitive, and economically resilient cities. Featuring vivid case-studies highlighting the work of individuals in New York, Boston, Rio de Janeiro, Stockholm, Indiana, and Chicago, the book provides a compelling model for the future of cities and states. The authors demonstrate how digital innovations will drive a virtuous cycle of responsiveness centered on "empowerment": 1) empowering public employees with tools to both power their performance and to help them connect more personally to those they service, 2) empowering constituents to see and understand problems and opportunities faced by cities so that they can better engage in the life of their communities, and 3) empowering leaders to drive towards their missions and address the grand challenges confronting cities by harnessing the predictive power of cross-government Big Data, the book will help mayors, chief technology officers, city administrators, agency directors, civic groups and nonprofit leaders break out of current paradigms in order to collectively address civic problems. Co-authored by Stephen Goldsmith, former Mayor of Indianapolis, and current Director of the Innovations in Government Program at the Harvard Kennedy School and Susan Crawford, co-director of Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society.The Responsive City highlights the ways in which leadership, empowered government employees, thoughtful citizens, and 21st century technology can combine to improve government operations and strengthen civic trust. It provides actionable advice while exploring topics like: Visualizing service delivery and predicting improvement Making the work of government employees more meaningful Amplification and coordination of focused citizen engagement Big Data in big cities - stories of surprising successes and enormous potential "--

The Smart City in a Digital World

The Smart City in a Digital World Book
Author : Vincent Mosco
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2019-08-28
ISBN : 1787691373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book looks at what makes a city smart by describing, challenging, and offering democratic alternatives to the view that the answer begins and ends with technology. Drawing on worldwide case studies documenting the redevelopment of old and the creation of new cities, it provides an essential guide to the future of urban life in a digital world.

Blockchain The Smart Cities

Blockchain   The Smart Cities Book
Author : Srinivas Mahankali
Publisher : Notion Press
Release : 2020-08-22
ISBN : 164951767X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Digital Nations and Smart Cities are rapidly evolving, and the resulting digitalization is leading to several benefits while also exposing the citizens to unforeseen risks. Technologies like Blockchain are enabling risk management for secured automation. The book takes a close look at various paradigms of Smart cities’ & Digital Nations’ Governance while relating to the application of these principles in real life through the case study of Singapore, which is one of the world’s top 3 densest, but also, is one of the most sustainable cities. This book will be a useful resource for professionals, consultants, government servants, and students who wish to come to grip with the emerging technologies and to understand their applications in governance and play an active role in community-building activities. The book explores the emergence, evolution, and adoption of advanced digital technologies like IoT, Analytics and Blockchain for improved governance, sustainable development, and better quality of life and happiness for citizens across the world.

Transforming City Governments for Successful Smart Cities

Transforming City Governments for Successful Smart Cities Book
Author : Manuel Pedro Rodríguez-Bolívar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 3319031678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been much attention paid to the idea of Smart Cities as researchers have sought to define and characterize the main aspects of the concept, including the role of creative industries in urban growth, the importance of social capital in urban development, and the role of urban sustainability. This book develops a critical view of the Smart City concept, the incentives and role of governments in promoting the development of Smart Cities and the analysis of experiences of e-government projects addressed to enhance Smart Cities. This book further analyzes the perceptions of stakeholders, such as public managers or politicians, regarding the incentives and role of governments in Smart Cities and the critical analysis of e-government projects to promote Smart Cities’ development, making the book valuable to academics, researchers, policy-makers, public managers, international organizations and technical experts in understanding the role of government to enhance Smart Cities’ projects.

Smart City Implementation

Smart City Implementation Book
Author : Renata Paola Dameri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-15
ISBN : 3319457667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a series of essays, this book describes and analyzes the concept and theory of the recent smart city phenomenon from a global perspective, with a focus on its implementation around the world. After defining the concept it then elaborates on the role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as an enabler for smart cities, and the role of ICT in the interplay with smart mobility. A separate chapter develops the concept of an urban smart dashboard for stakeholders to measure performance as well as the economic and public value. It offers examples of smart cities around the globe, and two detailed case studies on Genoa and Amsterdam exemplify the book’s theoretical and empirical findings, helping readers understand and evaluate the effectiveness and capability of new smart city programs.