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Smart Bioremediation Technologies

Smart Bioremediation Technologies Book
Author : Pankaj Bhatt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-07
ISBN : 012818308X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Bioremediation Technologies: Microbial Enzymes provides insights into the complex behavior of enzymes and identifies metabolites and their degradation pathways. It will help readers work towards solutions for sustainable medicine and environmental pollution. The book highlights the microbial enzymes that have replaced many plant and animal enzymes, also presenting their applications in varying industries, including pharmaceuticals, genetic engineering, biofuels, diagnostics and therapy. In addition, new methods, including genomics and metagenomics, are being employed for the discovery of new enzymes from microbes. This book brings all of these topics together, representing the first resource on how to solve problems in bioremediation. Provides the most novel approaches in enzyme studies Gives insights in real-time enzymology that are correlated with bioremediation Serves as a valuable resource on the use of genomes, transcriptomes and proteomes with bioremediation Refers to enzymes as diagnostic tools

Sustainable Development in Chemical Engineering

Sustainable Development in Chemical Engineering Book
Author : Vincenzo Piemonte,Marcello De Falco,Angelo Basile
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-28
ISBN : 1118629841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable development is an area that has world-wide appeal,from developed industrialized countries to the developing world.Development of innovative technologies to achieve sustainability isbeing addressed by many European countries, the USA and also Chinaand India. The need for chemical processes to be safe, compact,flexible, energy efficient, and environmentally benign andconducive to the rapid commercialization of new products poses newchallenges for chemical engineers. This book examines the newest technologies for sustainabledevelopment in chemical engineering, through careful analysis ofthe technical aspects, and discussion of the possible fields ofindustrial development. The book is broad in its coverage, and is divided into foursections: Energy Production, covering renewable energies,innovative solar technologies, cogeneration plants, and smartgrids Process Intensification, describing why it is importantin the chemical and petrochemical industry, the engineeringapproach, and nanoparticles as a smart technology forbioremediation Bio-based Platform Chemicals, including the productionof bioethanol and biodiesel, bioplastics production andbiodegradability, and biosurfactants Soil and Water Remediation, covering water managementand re-use, and soil remediation technologies Throughout the book there are case studies and examples ofindustrial processes in practice.

Nano Bioremediation Fundamentals and Applications

Nano Bioremediation  Fundamentals and Applications Book
Author : Hafiz M N Iqbal,Muhammad Bilal,Tuan Anh Nguyen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 0128241683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As an advanced hybrid technology, nano-bioremediation refers to the integration of nanomaterials and bioremediation for the remediation of pollutants. The rapid pace of urbanization, massive development of industrial sectors, and modern agricultural practices, all cause a controlled or an uncontrolled release of environmentally related hazardous contaminants that are seriously threatening every key sphere, including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, and anthroposphere. The mitigation of environmental pollution is the biggest challenge to researchers and the scientific community, due to its significant adverse impact on the natural ecosystem, aquatic organisms, and human health. This book ims to explore how nano-bioremedition is used to remedy environmental pollutants. The chapters will focus on the design, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials and their integration with biotechnological processes, for the monitoring and treatment of pollutants in environmental matrices. It is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and environmental scientists who are looking to increase their understanding of bioremediation at the nanoscale. Explores the current and potential applications of nano-bioremediation in the remediation of hazardous pollutants.. Outlines the major properties of classes of nanomaterial that make them efficient bioremediation agents. Assesses the major challenges of effectively implementing bioremediation techniques at the nanoscale

Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity

Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity Book
Author : Surajit De Mandal,Pankaj Bhatt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-02
ISBN : 0128212667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microorganisms are a major part of the Earth’s biological diversity. Although a lot of research has been done on microbial diversity, most of it is fragmented. This book creates the need for a unified text to be published, full of information about microbial diversity from highly reputed and impactful sources. Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity brings a comprehensive understanding of the recent advances in microbial diversity research focused on different bodily systems, such as the gut. Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity also discusses how the application of advanced sequencing technologies is used to reveal previously unseen microbial diversity and show off its function. Gives insight into microbial diversity in different bodily systems Explains novel approaches to studying microbial diversity Highlights the use of omics to analyze the microbial community and its functional attributes Discusses the techniques used to examine microbial diversity, including their applications and respective strengths and weaknesses

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1 Book
Author : Anirudh Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-20
ISBN : 9811608318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1 book written by Anirudh Kumar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Green Technologies and Infrastructure to Enhance Urban Ecosystem Services

Green Technologies and Infrastructure to Enhance Urban Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Viacheslav Vasenev,Elvira Dovletyarova,Zhongqi Cheng,Riccardo Valentini,Carlo Calfapietra
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 3030160912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings of the Smart and Sustainable Cities Conference (SSC) in Moscow from May 23 to 26, 2018 addresses important questions regarding the global trend of urbanization. What are the environmental consequences of megacities’ expansion? What smart solutions can make life in cities safe, comfortable and environmentally friendly? It is projected that 70% of the global population will live in cities by 2050, and as such the book describes how this rapid urbanization will alter the face of the world. Focusing on solutions for the environmental problems of modern megapolises, it discusses advanced approaches and smart technologies to monitor, model and assess the environmental consequences and risks. The contributors present examples of successful sustainable urban development, including management and design of green infrastructure, waste management, run-off purification and remediation of urban soils. The SSC conference and its proceedings offer a valuable contribution to sustainable urban development, and are of interest to the scientific and research community, municipal services, environmental protection agencies, landscape architects, civil engineers, policy makers and other stakeholders in urban management and greenery.

Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants

Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Vipin Kumar Singh,Pardeep Singh,Dr. Virendra Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-14
ISBN : 0128232072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants presents recent scientific progress in applying microbes for environmental management. The book explores the current existing practical applications and provides information to help readers develop new practices and applications. Edited by recognized leaders in the field, this penetrating assessment of our progress to date in deploying microorganisms to the advantage of environmental management and biotechnology will be widely welcomed by those working in soil contamination management, agriculture, environment management, soil microbiology, and waste management. The polluting effects on the world around us of soil erosion, the unwanted migration of sediments, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and the improper treatment of human and animal wastes have resulted in serious environmental and social problems around the world, problems which require us to look for solutions elsewhere than established physical and chemical technologies. Often the answer lies in hybrid applications in which microbial methods are combined with physical and chemical ones. When we remember that these highly effective microorganisms, cultured for a variety of applications, are but a tiny fraction of those to be found in the world around us, we realize the vastness of the untapped and beneficial potential of microorganisms. Explores microbial application redressing for soil and water contamination challenges Includes information on microbial synthesized nanomaterials for remediation of contaminated soils Presents a uniquely hybrid approach, combining microbial interactions with other chemical and physical methods

Fungi Bio prospects in Sustainable Agriculture Environment and Nano technology

Fungi Bio prospects in Sustainable Agriculture  Environment and Nano technology Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Sharma,Maulin P. Shah,Shobhika Parmar,Ajay Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-24
ISBN : 0128219262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Nanotechnology, Volume Two: Extremophilic Fungi and Myco-mediated Environmental Management explores varied aspects of fungal biology and their relevance in microbiology and agriculture, thus allowing for better insights on basic and advanced biotechnological application in human welfare and sustainable agriculture. Chapters throw light on different sectors of fungi, including fungi in extreme circumstances, bioremediation, complex and toxic effluents, and mycoremediation. The book was designed to explore the possibility of huge fungal diversity for present and future generation in different sectors of human life. Volume Two focuses on extremophilic fungi and myco-mediated environmental management. Summarizes various aspects of fungi in the field of microbiology, sustainable agriculture, nano-technology and environment Describes the molecular approaches and gene expression of fungi Provides a deeper understanding of fungi that could be articulated in various fields

Pollutants and Water Management

Pollutants and Water Management Book
Author : Pardeep Singh,Rishikesh Singh,Vipin Kumar Singh,Rahul Bhadouria
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-04
ISBN : 1119693659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

POLLUTANTS AND WATER MANAGEMENT Pollutants and Water Management: Resources, Strategies and Scarcity delivers a balanced and comprehensive look at recent trends in the management of polluted water resources. Covering the latest practical and theoretical aspects of polluted water management, the distinguished academics and authors emphasize indigenous practices of water resource management, the scarcity of clean water, and the future of the water system in the context of an increasing urbanization and globalization. The book details the management of contaminated water sites, including heavy metal contaminations in surface and subsurface water sources. It details a variety of industrial activities that typically pollute water, such as those involving crude oils and dyes. In its discussion of recent trends in abatement strategies, Pollutants and Water Management includes an exploration of the application of microorganisms, like bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and cyanobacteria, for the management of environmental contaminants. Readers will also discover a wide variety of other topics on the conservation of water sources including: The role of government and the public in the management of water resource pollution The causes of river system pollution and potential future scenarios in the abatement of river pollution Microbial degradation of organic pollutants in various water bodies The advancement in membrane technology used in water treatment processes Lead contamination in groundwater and recent trends in abatement strategies for it Highly polluting industries and their effects on surrounding water resources Perfect for graduate and postgraduate students and researchers whose focus is on recent trends in abatement strategies for pollutants and the application of microorganisms for the management of environmental contaminants, Pollutants and Water Management: Resources, Strategies and Scarcity also has a place in the libraries of environmentalists whose work involves the management and conservation of polluted sites.

Removal of Toxic Pollutants through Microbiological and Tertiary Treatment

Removal of Toxic Pollutants through Microbiological and Tertiary Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-20
ISBN : 0128216824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Removal of Toxic Pollutants through Microbiological and Tertiary Treatment: New Perspectives offers a current account of existing advanced oxidation strategies - including their limitations, challenges, and potential applications - in removing environmental pollutants through microbiological and tertiary treatment methods. The book introduces new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation technology, with thorough discussion of recent developments in the field. Updated information as well as future research directions in the field of bioremediation of industrial wastes is included. This book is an indispensable guide to students, researchers, scientists, and professionals working in fields such as microbiology, biotechnology, environmental sciences, eco-toxicology, and environmental remediation. The book also serves as a helpful guide for waste management professionals and those working on the biodegradation and bioremediation of industrial wastes and environmental pollutants for environmental sustainability. Introduces various treatment schemes, including microbiological and tertiary technologies for bioremediation of environmental pollutants and industrial wastes Includes pharmaceutical wastewater, oil refinery wastewater, distillery wastewater, tannery wastewater, textile wastewater, mine tailing wastes, plastic wastes, and more Describes the role of relatively new treatment technologies and their approaches in bioremediation, including molecular and protein engineering technologies, microbial enzymes, bio surfactants, plant-microbe interactions, and genetically engineered organisms Provides many advanced technologies in the field of bioremediation and phytoremediation, including electro-bioremediation technology, microbial fuel cell technology, nano-bioremediation technology, and phytotechnologies

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Angana Sarkar,Sukhendu Mandal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-30
ISBN : 0128218959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wastewater Treatment: Cutting-Edge Molecular Tools, Techniques and Applied Aspects reports new findings in existing molecular biology strategies, including their limitations, challenges and potential application to remove environmental pollutants through advancements made in cutting edge tools. In addition, the book introduces new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation with thorough discussions on recent developments in this field. Describes the application of different omics tools in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) Describes the role of microorganisms in WWTPs Points out the reuse of treated wastewater through emerging technologies Includes the recovery of resources from wastewater Emphasizes the need for the use of cutting-edge molecular tools

Handbook of Research on Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil

Handbook of Research on Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil Book
Author : Malik, Junaid Ahmad
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-06-11
ISBN : 1799870642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The introduction of contaminants, due to rapid urbanization and anthropogenic activities into the environment, causes distress to the physio-chemical systems including living organisms, which possibly is threatening the dynamics of nature as well as the soil biology by producing certain xenobiotics. Hence, there is an immediate global demand for the diminution of such contaminants and xenobiotics that can otherwise adversely affect the living organisms. Some toxic xenobiotics include synthetic organochlorides such as PAHs and some fractions of crude oil and coal. Over time, microbial remediation processes have been accelerated to produce better, more eco-friendly, and more biodegradable solutions for complete dissemination of these xenobiotic compounds. The advancements in microbiology and biotechnology led to the launch of microbial biotechnology as a separate area of research and contributed dramatically to the development of areas like agriculture, environment, biopharmaceutics, fermented foods, and more. The Handbook of Research on Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil provides a detailed comprehensive account for microbial treatment technologies, bioremediation strategies, biotechnology, and the important microbial species involved in remediation. The chapters focus on recent developments in microbial biotechnology in the areas of agriculture and environment and the physiology, biochemistry, and the mechanisms of remediation along with a future outlook. This book is ideal for scientists, biologists, academicians, students, and researchers in the fields of life sciences, microbiology, environmental science, environmental engineering, biotechnology, agriculture, and health sciences.

Plant Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology

Plant Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : Swati Tyagi,Robin Kumar,Baljeet Saharan,Ashok Kumar Nadda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 100045374X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Considering the ever-increasing global population and finite arable land, technology and sustainable agricultural practices are required to improve crop yield. This book examines the interaction between plants and microbes and considers the use of advanced techniques such as genetic engineering, revolutionary gene editing technologies, and their applications to understand how plants and microbes help or harm each other at the molecular level. Understanding plant-microbe interactions and related gene editing technologies will provide new possibilities for sustainable agriculture. The book will be extremely useful for researchers working in the fields of plant science, molecular plant biology, plant-microbe interactions, plant engineering technology, agricultural microbiology, and related fields. It will be useful for upper-level students and instructors specifically in the field of biotechnology, microbiology, biochemistry, and agricultural science. Features: Examines the most advanced approaches for genetic engineering of agriculture (CRISPR, TALAN, ZFN, etc.). Discusses the microbiological control of various plant diseases. Explores future perspectives for research in microbiological plant science. Plant-Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology will serve as a useful source of cutting-edge information for researchers and innovative professionals, as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students taking related agriculture and environmental science courses.

Microbial Bioremediation Biodegradation

Microbial Bioremediation   Biodegradation Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 9811518122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial or biological degradation has long been the subject of active concern, and the rapid expansion and growing sophistication of various industries in the last century has significantly increased the volume and complexity of toxic residues of wastes. These can be remediated by plants and microbes, either natural origin or adapted for a specific purpose, in a process known as bioremediation. The interest in microbial biodegradation of pollutants has intensified in recent years in an attempt to find sustainable ways to clean contaminated environments. These bioremediation and biotransformation methods take advantage of the tremendous microbial catabolic diversity to degrade, transform or accumulate a variety of compounds, such as hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polaromatic hydrocarbons pharmaceutical substances, radionuclides and metals. Unlike conventional methods, bioremediation does not physically disturb the site. This book describes the basic principles of biodegradation and shows how these principles are related to bioremediation. Authored by leading, international environmental microbiologists, it discusses topics such as aerobic biodegradation, microbial degradation of pollutants, and microbial community dynamics. It provides valuable insights into how biodegration processes work and can be utilised for pollution abatement, and as such appeals to researchers and postgraduate students as well as experts in the field of bioremediation.

Phytomicrobiome Interactions and Sustainable Agriculture

Phytomicrobiome Interactions and Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Amit Verma,Jitendra kumar Saini,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Abd El-Latif Hesham
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-22
ISBN : 1119644623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to the role microbes play in the enhanced production and productivity of agriculture to feed our growing population Phytomicrobiome Interactions and Sustainable Agriculture offers an essential guide to the importance of ‘Phytomicrobiome’ and explores its various components. The authors – noted experts on the topic – explore the key benefits of plant development such as nutrient availability, amelioration of stress and defense to plant disease. Throughout the book, the authors introduce and classify the corresponding Phytomicrobiome components and then present a detailed discussion related to its effect on plant development: controlling factors of this biome, its behaviour under the prevailing climate change condition and beneficial effects. The book covers the newly emerging technical concept of Phytomicrobiome engineering, which is an advanced concept to sustain agricultural productivity in recent climatic scenario. The text is filled with comprehensive, cutting edge data, making it possible to access this ever-growing wealth of information. This important book: Offers a one-stop resource on phytomicrobiome concepts Provides a better understanding of the topic and how it can be employed for understanding plant development Contains a guide to sustaining agriculture using phytomicrobiome engineering Presents information that can lead to enhanced production and productivity to feed our growing population Written for students, researchers and policy makers of plant biology, Phytomicrobiome Interactions and Sustainable Agriculture offers a clear understanding of the importance of microbes in overall plant growth and development.

Removal of Emerging Contaminants Through Microbial Processes

Removal of Emerging Contaminants Through Microbial Processes Book
Author : Maulin P Shah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-14
ISBN : 9811559015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The abundance of organic pollutants found in wastewater affect urban surface waters. Traditional wastewater management technologies focus on the removal of suspended solids, nutrients and bacteria, however, new pollutants such as synthetic or naturally occurring chemicals are often not monitored in the environment despite having the potential to enter the environment and cause adverse ecological and human health effects. Collectively referred to as "emerging contaminants," they are mostly derived from domestic activities and occur in trace concentrations ranging from pico to micrograms per liter. Environmental contaminants are resistant to conventional wastewater treatment processes and most of them remain unaffected, causing contamination of receiving water. This in turn leads to the need for advanced wastewater treatment processes capable of removing environmental contaminants to ensure safe fresh water sources. This book provides an up-to-date overview of the current bioremediation strategies, including their limitations, challenges and their potential application to remove environmental pollutants. It also introduces the latest trends and advances in environmental bioremediation, and presents the state-of-the-art in biological and chemical wastewater treatment processes. As such, it will appeal to researchers and policy-makers, as well as undergraduate and graduate environmental sciences students.

Go Green for Environmental Sustainability

Go Green for Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : Xavier Savarimuthu, SJ,Usha Rao,Mark F. Reynolds
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-14
ISBN : 1000397270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights topics ranging from green chemistry and engineering to bioremediation, smart technologies, and sustainable business practices. The common threads running through this volume are the need for urgent action, a vision for a sustainable future, and the awareness that solutions must be widely accessible and advance the welfare of all nations, especially in the face of climate change. The authors delineate how we can protect and restore natural ecosystem potential to achieve environmental sustainability. They provide a clear idea of today’s environmental challenges and solutions, focus on energy use patterns and the reduction of energy consumption, advocate for increased environmental awareness, and discuss environmental monitoring systems. The book contains many domestic and international case studies and showcases visionary ideas in action to illustrate sustainability principles. This volume provides an in-depth reference for stakeholders from academia, government, and industry on the latest research in environmental sustainability solutions. Inspired by the common wisdom that we do not inherit this Earth from our ancestors but instead borrow it from our children, the authors offer solutions to emergent problems. This research comprises an important contribution to the global effort to build a more sustainable tomorrow.

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-26
ISBN : 032385138X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality, Second Edition provides those involved in water purification research and administration with a comprehensive resource of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from contaminants, both natural and human caused. The book includes an overview of the subject and discusses major water-related issues in developing and developed countries. Issues covered include sampling for water analysis, regulatory considerations, and forensics in water quality and purity investigations. Microbial as well as chemical contaminations from inorganic compounds, radionuclides, disinfectants, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals, including endocrine disruptors, are discussed at length. In addition, the luxury of municipal water purified for human consumption is unavailable for a very large number of people. To help solve this problem, some economical water purification techniques, including a million-dollar Grainger prizewinner that can save millions of lives have been included. This fully updated second edition includes four new chapters on topics such as the GenX Water Contamination Problem, the impact of climate change on water, and green chemistry solutions to water pollution. Covers the scope of water contamination problems on a worldwide scale with an overview of major water-related issues in developing and developed countries, including monitoring techniques for potential terrorist-related activities Provides a rich source of methods for analyzing water to ensure its safety from natural and deliberate contaminants Includes a review of water quality forensics with the objective of tracking new potential water contaminants

Start Up Creation

Start Up Creation Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Erik Stavnsager Rasmussen,Claes G. Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov,Habil Arturas Kaklauskas,Stephen Makonin
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-05-24
ISBN : 0128199474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Start-up creation is the most distinctive feature of the entrepreneurial knowledge-based economy. It is also essential for economic growth and especially important in the current context of young graduate’s high unemployment rates that are expected to increase in the next few decades. There are other books on the creation of start-up companies, designed to be of value to academics wishing to exploit the commercial value of a new technology or business solution, but none of these existing titles focus on start-up creation in the construction industry. In the second edition of this extremely successful title the editors present a state-of-the-art review on advanced technologies, and their application in several areas of the built environment covering energy efficiency, structural performance, air and water quality to inspire the creation of start-up companies from university research. Part One begins with the key factors behind successful start-up companies from university research, including the development of a business plan, start-up financing, and the importance of intellectual property. Part Two focuses on the use of Big Data, Intelligent decision support systems, the Internet of Things and their use in the energy efficiency of the built environment. Finally, Part three is an entire new section that focuses on several smartphone applications for the smart built environment. While in the first edition the section concerning apps for smart buildings had just two chapters, one for app programming basics and a second a case study on building security in this second edition the core of the book is about app development that constitutes 50% of the book. Entire new section that was not available in the first edition on smart-phone applications and virtual assistance for infrastructure monitoring Chapters on business plans, start-up financing and intellectual property have been brought fully up to date as well as algorithms, big data and the Internet of Things for eco-efficient smart buildings Comprehensive guide to start-ups that arise from college and university research and how the application of advanced technology can be applied to the built environment