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Small Molecule Drug Discovery

Small Molecule Drug Discovery Book
Author : Andrea Trabocchi,Elena Lenci
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-23
ISBN : 0128183500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Small Molecule Drug Discovery: Methods, Molecules and Applications presents the methods used to identify bioactive small molecules, synthetic strategies and techniques to produce novel chemical entities and small molecule libraries, chemoinformatics to characterize and enumerate chemical libraries, and screening methods, including biophysical techniques, virtual screening and phenotypic screening. The second part of the book gives an overview of privileged cyclic small molecules and major classes of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate-derived compounds, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired compounds. The last section comprises an exciting collection of selected case studies on drug discovery enabled by small molecules in the fields of cancer research, CNS diseases and infectious diseases. The discovery of novel molecular entities capable of specific interactions represents a significant challenge in early drug discovery. Small molecules are low molecular weight organic compounds that include natural products and metabolites, as well as drugs and other xenobiotics. When the biological target is well defined and understood, the rational design of small molecule ligands is possible. Alternatively, small molecule libraries are being used for unbiased assays for complex diseases where a target is unknown or multiple factors contribute to a disease pathology. Outlines modern concepts and synthetic strategies underlying the building of small molecules and their chemical libraries useful for drug discovery Provides modern biophysical methods to screening small molecule libraries, including high-throughput screening, small molecule microarrays, phenotypic screening and chemical genetics Presents the most advanced chemoinformatics tools to characterize the structural features of small molecule libraries in terms of chemical diversity and complexity, also including the application of virtual screening approaches Gives an overview of structural features and classification of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate derivatives, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired small molecules

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Book
Author : C. Robin Ganellin,Roy Jefferis,Stanley M. Roberts
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-05-07
ISBN : 0123977703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development provides, for the first time, an introduction to the science behind successful pharmaceutical research and development programs. The book explains basic principles, then compares and contrasts approaches to both biopharmaceuticals (proteins) and small molecule drugs, presenting an overview of the business and management issues of these approaches. The latter part of the book provides carefully selected real-life case studies illustrating how the theory presented in the first part of the book is actually put into practice. Studies include Herceptin/T-DM1, erythropoietin (Epogen/Eprex/NeoRecormon), anti-HIV protease inhibitor Darunavir, and more. Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development is intended for late-stage undergraduates or postgraduates studying chemistry (at the biology interface), biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy, medicine, or allied subjects. The book is also useful in a wide variety of science degree courses, in post-graduate taught material (Masters and PhD), and as basic background reading for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry. For the first time, the fundamental scientific principles of biopharmaceuticals and small molecule chemotherapeutics are discussed side-by-side at a basic level Edited by three senior scientists with over 100 years of experience in drug research who have compiled the best scientific comparison of small molecule and biopharmaceuticals approaches to new drugs Illustrated with key examples of important drugs that exemplify the basic principles of pharmaceutical drug research and development

Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry

Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry Book
Author : Werngard Czechtizky,Peter Hamley
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-11-02
ISBN : 1118771605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stressing strategic and technological solutions to medicinal chemistry challenges, this book presents methods and practices for optimizing the chemical aspects of drug discovery. Chapters discuss benefits, challenges, case studies, and industry perspectives for improving drug discovery programs with respect to quality and costs. • Focuses on small molecules and their critical role in medicinal chemistry, reviewing chemical and economic advantages, challenges, and trends in the field from industry perspectives • Discusses novel approaches and key topics, like screening collection enhancement, risk sharing, HTS triage, new lead finding approaches, diversity-oriented synthesis, peptidomimetics, natural products, and high throughput medicinal chemistry approaches • Explains how to reduce design-make-test cycle times by integrating medicinal chemistry, physical chemistry, and ADME profiling techniques • Includes descriptive case studies, examples, and applications to illustrate new technologies and provide step-by-step explanations to enable them in a laboratory setting

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Book
Author : Michael Stocks
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-07
ISBN : 0128061936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug discovery of small molecules from target selection through to clinical evaluation is a very complex, challenging but rewarding area of drug discovery. There are many obstacles along the journey from initial hit-finding activities, through optimization of compounds and eventually to delivery of robust candidate drugs (CDs) for clinical evaluation. This chapter presents key issues and literature solutions with respect to the optimization of hits into CDs. Details of the key hit-finding activities namely high-throughput screening, virtual screening, natural products, fragment-based drug discovery and fast-follower approaches are discussed. Key aspects of compound quality such as lipophilicity, solubility, drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic, plasma protein binding and cytochrome P450 inhibition/induction are discussed as well as potential safety liabilities such as human ether-a-go-go related gene, genotoxicity and phospholipidosis, Finally successful hit-to-lead and lead optimization case studies are presented to illustrate and highlight the key principles.

Early stage Small molecule Drug Discovery

Early stage Small molecule Drug Discovery Book
Author : Wellcome Trust (London, England)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Early stage Small molecule Drug Discovery book written by Wellcome Trust (London, England), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Book
Author : James Samanen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-07
ISBN : 0128061952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology has given rise to a broad range of biotherapies or biologics, including biomolecular drugs, vaccines, cell or gene therapies. This chapter focuses on biomolecular drugs, namely monoclonal antibodies (Mabs), cytokines, tissue growth factors and therapeutic proteins. Prior to the US approval of recombinant human insulin in 1982, biomolecular drugs were extracted from natural sources. The tools of molecular biology have dramatically increased the discovery and development of new biopharmaceuticals. The most obvious difference between small-molecule drugs (SMDs) and biomolecular drugs is size, like the difference in weight between a bicycle and a business jet. SMDs and biomolecular drugs are compared in this chapter by structure, molecular weight, preparation, physicochemical properties, and route of administration, as well as distribution, metabolism, serum half-life, dosing regimen, species reactivity, antigenicity & hypersensitivity, clearance mechanisms, drug–drug interactions, and pharmacology. This chapter reviews the differences and similarities in the various stages of drug discovery and development, with respect to cost, probability of success and cycle time. The clinical metrics of overall clinical success rate, stage-related success rate, and clinical cycle time are examined for SMDs and biomolecular drugs. The hybrid class of peptide drugs tends to be equated with biologics, due to their amino acid content and because oral activity is rare. But peptides truly bridge the gap between small molecules and biologics, in terms of physical properties, range of therapy areas and means of production. This chapter summarizes the similarities and differences of peptide drugs with SMDs and biomolecular drugs. The manner in which these agents compare as products with respect to manufacturing and pricing are considered. Two case studies are presented—the antagonists where small-molecule, peptide and Mab agents have competed in the market, and Her2 inhibitors where small-molecule and Mab agents may ultimately synergize as a combination product. Biomolecular drugs have levelled the playing field. All the “big Pharma” companies now have the capacity to develop both types of drugs. Conversely the larger biotech companies are developing the capacity for small-molecule synthesis. Now, with many blockbuster biologics nearing patent expiration, biosimilars are on the way. It's no longer a question of “choose which type”—one will need to know how to discover and develop either type of drug.

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Book
Author : James Samanen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-07
ISBN : 0128061979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Successful drugs have a good return on investment by bringing in considerably more revenue than the expenses of discovery, development, and manufacturing. Successful drugs pay for all drug projects, those that fail and those that have yet to fail or succeed. Most research and development (R&D) projects fail. Since R&D is the future of the company, a lot is at stake in the business of R&D. This chapter considers the organization of biopharmaceutical R&D, as well as various organizational experiments, that are already under way, that deal with the enormous risk and cost of biopharmaceutical R&D. There is a fairly uniform sequence of events involved in the discovery and development of biopharmaceuticals. The Stage-Gate Organization of the project pipeline is described along with stage-related goals. The high attrition in the industry is examined as well as reasons for project failure, particularly in the clinic. The fact that most projects fail in the biopharmaceutical industry means that risk, the probability that a project will fail, influences a number of key behaviours in biopharmaceutical R&D. The manner in which risk influences probability of success, cost, value and corporate commitment is considered. Not all discoveries occur within a company – many are in-licenced. Reduced revenues challenge a company's ability to develop all its assets, increasing the demands on project and portfolio management, and for out-licencing or partnering. In large biopharmaceutical companies, resource tends to be organized into business units, therapy areas, line departments, and platform technology groups. In the new era of reduced profits many companies are moving away from vertical integration towards decentralization, performing many to most functions in other companies, and in the extreme, towards virtual drug discovery and development. The risks and benefits with the external allocation of resource via outsourcing and partnering are discussed. Experiments with the organizational model of biopharmaceutical R&D are explored which aim to reduce risk, increase success and efficiency, including attempts to be big and small at the same time, planning for failure, and open innovation. There are also external revenue challenges, including generics competition and third-party payer constraints. On the upside are a number of opportunities to increase revenue, including new biologics and new areas of exploration – epigenetics and gene therapy – and by expanding markets into rapidly developing countries. Managers face complex challenges to the business of biopharmaceutical R&D. But, regardless of the type of company or set of partnered companies, academic institutions and service organizations that perform biopharmaceutical R&D, to a large extent the sequence of events in which a drug is discovered and developed will always be the same. And as long as the industry can continue to find new therapies that positively impact the lives of patients, it will continue to be an exciting and challenging industry.

The Science and Business of Drug Discovery

The Science and Business of Drug Discovery Book
Author : Edward D. Zanders
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-08
ISBN : 9781441999023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Science and Business of Drug Discovery is written for those who want to learn about the biopharmaceutical industry and its products whatever their level of technical knowledge. Its aim is to demystify the jargon used in drug development, but in a way that avoids over simplification and the resulting loss of key information. Each of the nineteen chapters is illustrated with figures and tables which clarify some of the more technical points being made. Also included is a drug discovery case history which draws the relevant material together into a single chapter. In recognizing that it is difficult to navigate through the many external resources dealing with drug development, the book has been written to guide the reader towards the most appropriate information sources, including those listed in the two appendices. The following topics are covered: Different types of drugs: from small molecules to stem cells Background to chemistry of small and large molecules Historical background to drug discovery, pharmacology and biotechnology The drug discovery pipeline: from target discovery to marketed medicine Commercial aspects of drug discovery Challenges to the biopharmaceutical industry and its responses Material of specific interest to technology transfer executives, recruiters and pharmaceutical translators.

Drug Discovery and Development

Drug Discovery and Development Book
Author : Omboon Vallisuta,Suleiman Olimat
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-06-03
ISBN : 9535121286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is very important for scientists all over the globe to enhance drug discovery research for better human health. This book demonstrates that various expertise are essential for drug discovery including synthetic or natural drugs, clinical pharmacology, receptor identification, drug metabolism, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic research. The following 5 sections cover diverse chapter topics in drug discovery: Natural Products as Sources of Leading Molecules in Drug Discovery; Oncology and Drug Discovery; Receptors Involvement in Drug Discovery; Management and Development of Drugs against Infectious Diseases; Advanced Methodology.

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery Book
Author : Donald Huddler,Edward R. Zartler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-10-02
ISBN : 111909948X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

13.2.1 Protein Dynamics of SA WT and S1 Mutant DHFR in Apo and Bound States

Successful Drug Discovery Volume 5

Successful Drug Discovery  Volume 5 Book
Author : Janos Fischer,Christian Klein,Wayne E. Childers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-12
ISBN : 3527826866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filled with unique insights into current drugs that have made it to the marketplace In the fifth volume of Successful Drug Discovery, the inventors and primary developers of drugs that made it to the market tell the story of the drug's discovery and development. Case studies of drugs from different therapeutic fields reveal the all-too-often unpredictable path from the first drug candidate molecule to the successfully marketed drug. In addition, this new volume addresses overarching topics for drug discovery, such as drug discovery in academia, and discusses currently important classes of small molecule as well as biological drugs. Comprehensive in scope, the book's nine chapters provide a representative cross-section of the present-day drug development effort. The authoritative fifth volume is filled with relevant data and chemical information, as well as the insight and experience of the best contemporary drug creators. This important volume: - Puts the focus on recently introduced drugs that have not yet made it into standard textbooks or general references - Contains information and insight that is new and often not even available from the primary literature - Reveals what it takes to successfully develop a drug molecule that has made it all the way to the market - Is endorsed and supported by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Written for medicinal chemists, pharmaceutical chemists, organic chemists, Successful Drug Discovery, Volume Five reveals the most recent techniques used by drug innovators in the drug development process.

Drug Discovery Conference 2008

Drug Discovery Conference 2008 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Drug Discovery Conference 2008 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Successful Drug Discovery

Successful Drug Discovery Book
Author : János Fischer,Christian Klein,Wayne E. Childers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-10-07
ISBN : 3527344683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides unique insider insight into the current drug development process, and what it takes to achieve success In this fourth volume in the series, inventors and primary developers of drugs that made it to the market continue telling the story of the drugs? discovery and development, and discuss the sometimes twisted route from the first drug candidate molecule to the final marketed one. Beginning with a general section addressing overarching topics for drug discovery, the book offers seven chapters that feature selected case studies describing recently introduced drugs or drug classes. These include small molecule drugs as well as biopharmaceuticals and range across different therapeutic fields. Together, they provide a representative cross-section of the present-day drug development effort. Successful Drug Discovery: Volume 4 covers trends in peptide-based drug discovery and the physicochemical properties of recently approved oral drugs. The section on drug class studies looks at antibody-drug conjugates and the discovery, evolution, and therapeutic potential of dopamine partial agonists. Featured case studies examine the discovery of Etelcalcetide for the treatment of secondary hyper-parathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease; the development of Lenvatinib Mesylate; the discovery and development of Venetoclax; and more. -Focuses on recently introduced drugs that have not been featured in any textbooks or general references, including Ocrelizumab, a new generation of anti-CD-20 mAb for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, and Venetoclax, a selective antagonist of BCL-2 -Features personal experiences of successful drug developers from industry and academia -Endorsed and supported by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Successful Drug Discovery: Volume 4 provides a fascinating and informative look into the process of drug discovery and would be a great reference for those in the pharmaceutical industry, organic and pharmaceutical chemists, and lecturers in pharmacy.

Epi Informatics

Epi Informatics Book
Author : Jose Medina-Franco
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-24
ISBN : 0128028092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epi-Informatics: Discovery and Development of Small Molecule Epigenetic Drugs and Probes features multidisciplinary strategies with strong computational approaches that have led to the successful discovery and/or optimization of compounds that act as modulators of epigenetic targets. This book is intended for all those using or wanting to learn more about computational methodologies in epigenetic drug discovery, including molecular modelers, informaticians, pharmaceutical scientists, and medicinal chemists. With a better understanding of different molecular modeling and cheminformatic approaches, readers can incorporate these techniques into their own drug discovery projects that may involve chemical synthesis and medium- or high-throughput screening. In addition, this book highlights the significance of epigenetic targets to the public health for molecular modelers and chemoinformatians. The goal of this reference is to stimulate ongoing multidisciplinary research and to further improve current computational methodologies and workflows in order to accelerate the discovery and development of epi-drugs and epi-probes. Focuses on the discovery of epi-drugs as candidates to be used in therapy including combined therapies Describes new computational methodologies and screening assays utilizing recent and emerging novel structural data Highlights the discovery, development and optimization of epi-probes, which are molecular probes that elucidate epigenetic mechanisms Includes important topics such as computational-guided optimization of epi-hits, virtual screening to identify novel compounds for epigenetic targets, development and mining of epigenetic molecular databases, SAR modeling of screening data and much more

Peptidomimetics Small Molecule Design

Peptidomimetics   Small Molecule Design Book
Author : Wendy Hori,Elizabeth M. Nagle,Lynn M. Savage
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9781579360726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Peptidomimetics Small Molecule Design book written by Wendy Hori,Elizabeth M. Nagle,Lynn M. Savage, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Targeting Protein Protein Interactions by Small Molecules

Targeting Protein Protein Interactions by Small Molecules Book
Author : Chunquan Sheng,Gunda I. Georg
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-26
ISBN : 9811307733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively reviews the state-of-the-art strategies developed for protein-protein interaction (PPI) inhibitors, and highlights the success stories in new drug discovery and development. Consisting of two parts with twelve chapters, it demonstrates the design strategies and case studies of small molecule PPI inhibitors. The first part discusses various discovery strategies for small molecule PPI inhibitors, such as high throughput screening, hot spot-based design, computational approaches, and fragment-based design. The second part presents recent advances in small molecule inhibitors, focusing on clinical candidates and new PPI targets. This book has broad appeal and is of significant interest to the pharmaceutical science and medicinal chemistry communities.

Rational Design of Small molecule Therapeutics

Rational Design of Small molecule Therapeutics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rational Design of Small molecule Therapeutics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Development of Small Molecule Inhibitors for Fibrosis Drug Discovery

The Development of Small Molecule Inhibitors for Fibrosis Drug Discovery Book
Author : Lisa Margaret Miller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Furthermore, using enzyme kinetics studies it is shown that analogues of this chemotype are noncompetitive inhibitors, and using a crystal structure with ATX the discrete binding mode was confirmed. This work has provided valuable insight into the binding of this chemotype, which could aid the design of novel ATX inhibitors with non-lipid-like scaffolds.

Fragment based Drug Discovery

Fragment based Drug Discovery Book
Author : Daniel A. Erlanson,Wolfgang Jahnke,Raimund Mannhold,Hugo Kubinyi,Gerd Folkers
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-23
ISBN : 352733775X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From its origins as a niche technique more than 15 years ago, fragment-based approaches have become a major tool for drug and ligand discovery, often yielding results where other methods have failed. Written by the pioneers in the field, this book provides a comprehensive overview of current methods and applications of fragment-based discovery, as well as an outlook on where the field is headed. The first part discusses basic considerations of when to use fragment-based methods, how to select targets, and how to build libraries in the chemical fragment space. The second part describes established, novel and emerging methods for fragment screening, including empirical as well as computational approaches. Special cases of fragment-based screening, e. g. for complex target systems and for covalent inhibitors are also discussed. The third part presents several case studies from recent and on-going drug discovery projects for a variety of target classes, from kinases and phosphatases to targeting protein-protein interaction and epigenetic targets.