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Sleep Epilepsies And Cognitive Impairment

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Sleep Epilepsies and Cognitive Impairment

Sleep  Epilepsies  and Cognitive Impairment Book
Author : Peter Halasz,Anna Szucs
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-15
ISBN : 9780128125793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sleep, Epilepsies, and Cognitive Impairment discusses the brain mechanisms behind epilepsy by applying the results of contemporary neuroimaging and signal analysis. This book helps the reader view epilepsy from new perspectives, emphasizing the role of epilepsy-activation by NREM sleep in the cognitive impairment of certain major epilepsies. The authors describe the impact of activations of interictal and ictal events during NREM sleep with special emphasis on the cognitive impairment consequences. Epileptic disorders are approached by the network concept, especially in relation to the derailment of certain physiological systems transformed to epileptic networks. The book looks at epilepsy with a fresh eye that is armed by contemporary neuroscience, trying to enlighten epilepsy syndromes in new aspects. The aim is to interpret the major epileptic syndromes as system epilepsies involving brain physiological networks. The authors endeavor to reveal the links between brain plasticity, epilepsy and NREM sleep. Neuroscientists, clinical epileptologists and neurologists interested in brain processes underlying brain plasticity, sleep and epilepsy will find this book thought provoking. Provides contemporary knowledge about the neurophysiological and functional anatomical background of major epilepsies Treats major epilepsies as system epileptic networks Reveals the interrelationship of sleep and epilepsy from new viewpoints

Sleep Epilepsies and Cognitive Impairment

Sleep  Epilepsies  and Cognitive Impairment Book
Author : Peter Halasz,Anna Szucs
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-26
ISBN : 0128125802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational research connects science and clinical medicine from "the bench to the bedside." In Sleep, Epilepsies and Cognitive Impairment, the authors look back from the bedside to the brain function underlying clinical symptoms and reveal mechanisms explored by contemporary neuroimaging and signal analysis in the overlapping fields of sleep and epilepsy. This book will help the reader to see epilepsy from a new viewpoint. The common pathophysiology binding together the diverse manifestations of epilepsies is the exaggeration of plastic functions of the brain involving the hippocampus, the non-specific thalamocortical system and the perisylvian cognitive network. Epileptic derailment seems to be the price for the latest achievements of the mammal and human brain; namely the highly developed ability to change and learn. The contemporary results of sleep research provide new viewpoints to explain why sleep and epilepsy are bedfellows. Converging evidence supports the concept that one of the most important biological roles of NREM sleep is the renewal of synaptic balance ensuring learning ability from one day to the next and consolidation of new memories. Epilepsy and NREM sleep use overlapping structures and functions, therefore epilepsy beginning in early childhood may interfere with sleep plastic functions. NREM sleep, which affects original learning and memory, may become the hidden source of chronic cognitive impairment when epilepsy occurs during sleep and blocks the plastic processes. Sleep, Epilepsies and Cognitive Impairment abandons the academic classification of epilepsy by following the system epilepsy concept, binding major epilepsies with structures and functions of physiological brain systems. It tries to show within this system the close interrelationship between sleep, epilepsy and cognition. Neuroscientists, clinical epileptologists and neurologists interested in brain processes underlying brain plasticity, sleep and epilepsy will find this book thought provoking. It offers good "brain-gymnastics" for reconsidering the ideas on epilepsy. It provides contemporary knowledge about the neurophysiological and functional anatomical background of major epilepsies Treats major epilepsies as system epilepsies of brain networks Reveals the interrelationship of sleep, epilepsy and cognitive impairment showing how epileptic manifestations became facilitated in NREM sleep and interferes with sleep plastic functions

Continuous Spikes and Waves During Slow Sleep

Continuous Spikes and Waves During Slow Sleep Book
Author : Fondazione Pierfranco e Luisa Mariani
Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780861964888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects the results of clinical experience and research, as well as the opionions of the specialists who have studied in depth several rare and complex syndromes associated with "Continuous Spikes and Waves During Slow Sleep", the Landau-Kleffner syndrome, and related conditions. It also presents a wide-ranging collection of cases presented by the participants in the meeting, and analysed in its various clinical, electrophysiological and psycho-intellectual aspects. The purpose of the book is to provide a thorough updated on specialised knowledge about the syndromes characterised by the presence of CSWS on the EEG, to bring out the many, still unanswered -- questions, and to stimulate further interdisciplinary research to verify the validity of present hypotheses, in order to clarify which preventive and therapeutic methods can best attain the control of such syndromes.

Encephalopathy related to status epilepticus during slow sleep

Encephalopathy related to status epilepticus during slow sleep Book
Author : Guido Rubboli,Carlo Alberto Tassinari
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-12-07
ISBN : 9782742016167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encephalopathy with Electrical Status Epilepticus during Sleep (ESES) was described almost 50 years ago; however its clinical spectrum and its boundaries, the diagnostic criteria, the pathophysiology and the therapeutic management are still debated. In the last years, clinical data, neurophysiological and imaging investigations, as well as genetic studies have renewed the interest on ESES. In addition, experimental findings from sleep research have opened fascinating perspectives on some possible pathophysiological mechanisms involved in this condition. These issues are presented and discussed in this book by clinicians, neurophysiologists, sleep physiologists and geneticists. They all have been working on ESES with the aim to provide an updated overview of this special syndrome in the light of recent research.

Cognitive Dysfunction in Children with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Cognitive Dysfunction in Children with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Book
Author : Alexis Arzimanoglou,Albert Aldenkamp,Helen Cross,Maryse Lassonde
Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9782742005628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Much has been written about the cognitive function of children with epilepsy but despite there being extensive study of the neuropsychological status of adults with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy, it has been more limited in children. Although cognitive development in children is influenced by similar factors to adults, the role of early damage, modification of cerebral organisation and interruption of the learning process are also likely to be important. Devoted to cognitive function and dysfunction in children with temporal lobe epilepsy, this book highlights those domains that demand further research and those for which immediate established techniques for a better global care can be undertaken.

Sleep and Neurologic Disease

Sleep and Neurologic Disease Book
Author : Mitchell G. Miglis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-17
ISBN : 0128041129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sleep and Neurologic Disease reviews how common neurologic illnesses, such as Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s dementia impact sleep. In addition, the book discusses how common primary sleep disorders influence neurologic diseases, such as the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and stroke, as well as their association with various primary headache disorders and epilepsy syndromes. The utilization of sleep technology, such as polysomnography, multiple sleep latency testing, actigraphy, laboratory and CSF testing is also covered. The book is written for the practicing neurologist, sleep physician, neuroscientist, and epidemiologist studying sleep. Reviews how common neurological illnesses impact sleep and the impact sleep disorders have on neurologic disease Up-to-date, comprehensive overview written for practicing neurologists, sleep physicians, neuroscientists, and epidemiologists Includes informative discussions on sleep physiology, circadian rhythms, sleep and stroke, and treatment options for neurologists

Epilepsy Part I Basic Principles and Diagnosis

Epilepsy  Part I  Basic Principles and Diagnosis Book
Author : Hermann Stefan,William H. Theodore
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-11-27
ISBN : 0444535055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epilepsy, Part I, Basic Principles and Diagnosis, Volume 107, in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series offers a comprehensive review of our knowledge of the field today, including epidemiology, basic mechanisms, animal models, and topics of increasing interest such as the role of inflammation in epilepsy. It provides a comprehensive approach to description of the clinical, electrographic and imaging aspects of the epilepsies, with a clear outline of contemporary classification and the role of modern diagnostic techniques, as well as neuropsychological and psychiatric aspects of epilepsy. Chapters are authored by internationally respected neurologists with varied perspectives insuring depth to the content. Epilepsy, Part II, Treatment, Volume 108, continues coverage of epilepsy with a focus on treatment. The volumes will be a very important resource for basic scientists, clinical investigators, and all health professionals treating patients with epilepsy. A volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, which has an unparalleled reputation as the world's most comprehensive source of information in neurology International list of contributors including the leading workers in the field Describes the advances which have occurred in clinical neurology and the neurosciences, their impact on the understanding of neurological disorders and on patient care

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2006-10-13
ISBN : 0309101115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patientsâ€"sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.

Jasper s Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies

Jasper s Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies Book
Author : Jeffrey Noebels,Massimo Avoli,Michael Rogawski,Richard Olsen,Antonio Delgado-Escueta
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-06-01
ISBN : 0199842590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

H.H. Jasper, A.A. Ward, A. Pope and H.H. Merritt, chair of the Public Health Service Advisory Committee on the Epilepsies, National Institutes of Health, published the first volume on Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies (BME) in 1969. Their ultimate goal was to search for a "better understanding of the epilepsies and seek more rational methods of their prevention and treatment." Since then, basic and clinical researchers in epilepsy have gathered together every decade and a half with these goals in mind -- assessing where epilepsy research has been, what it has accomplished, and where it should go. In 1999, the third volume of BME was named in honor of H.H. Jasper. In line with the enormous expansion in the understanding of basic epilepsy mechanisms over the past four decades, this fourth edition of Jasper's BME is the most ambitious yet. In 90 chapters, the book considers the role of interactions between neurons, synapses, and glia in the initiation, spread and arrest of seizures. It examines mechanisms of excitability, synchronization, seizure susceptibility, and ultimately epileptogenesis. It provides a framework for expanding the epilepsy genome and understanding the complex heredity responsible for common epilepsies as it explores disease mechanisms of ion channelopathies and developmental epilepsy genes. It considers the mechanisms of conditions of epilepsy comorbidities. And, for the first time, this 4th edition describes the current efforts to translate the discoveries in epilepsy disease mechanisms into new therapeutic strategies. This book, considered the 'bible' of basic epilepsy research, is essential for the student, the clinician scientist and all research scientists who conduct laboratory-based experimental epilepsy research using cellular, brain slice and animal models, as well as for those interested in related disciplines of neuronal oscillations, network plasticity, and signaling in brain strucutres that include the cortex, hippocampus, and thalamus. In keeping with the 1969 goals, the book is now of practical importance to the clinical neurologist and epileptologist as the progress of research in molecular genetics and modern efforts to design antiepileptic drugs, cures and repairs in the epilepsies converge and impact clinical care.

The Comorbidities of Epilepsy

The Comorbidities of Epilepsy Book
Author : Marco Mula
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-20
ISBN : 0128148780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epilepsy is one of most frequent neurological disorders affecting about 50 million people worldwide and 50% of them have at least another medical problem in comorbidity; sometimes this is a the cause of the epilepsy itself or it is due to shared neurobiological links between epilepsy and other medical conditions; other times it is a long-term consequence of the antiepileptic drug treatment. The Comorbidities of Epilepsy offers an up-to-date, comprehensive overview of all comorbidities of epilepsy (somatic, neurological and behavioral), by international authorities in the field of clinical epileptology, with an emphasis on epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. This book includes also a critical appraisal of the methodological aspects and limitations of current research on this field. Pharmacological issues in the management of comorbidities are discussed, providing information on drug dosages, side effects and interactions, in order to enable the reader to manage these patients safely. The Comorbidities of Epilepsy is aimed at all health professionals dealing with people with epilepsy including neurologists, epileptologists, psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, epilepsy specialist nurses and clinical researchers. Provides a comprehensive overview of somatic, neurological and behavioral co-morbidities of epilepsy Discusses up-to-date management of comorbidities of epilepsy Written by a group of international experts in the field

Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures Book
Author : Samden Lhatoo
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0199659044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Clinical Neurology (OTCN) series, this volume covers the scientific basis, clinical diagnosis, and treatment of epilepsy and epileptic seizures, and is complemented by an online edition.

Sleep Neurology

Sleep Neurology Book
Author : Lourdes M. DelRosso,Raffaele Ferri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-12
ISBN : 3030543595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical text provides knowledge of the basic neuroscience of sleep and sleep disorders as they interrelate with various neurologic conditions. Chapters in the first section cover neural networks involved in normal sleep processes, including dreams and memory. Also discussed are how these neural networks interact in various sleep stages and sleep disorders, such as sleep related movement disorders. The book's second section explores the pathophysiology of sleep disorders in the spectrum of neurologic conditions in both adults and children. This includes sleep changes in patients with dementia, seizures, headaches, and stroke, and other common neurologic disorders. Sleep Neurology fills an important gap in the sleep medicine literature by providing the underpinnings of sleep disorders and will be of great value to students, residents, and clinicians.

Drug Resistant Epilepsies

Drug Resistant Epilepsies Book
Author : Philippe Kahane,Anne Berg,Wolfgang Löscher
Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
Release : 2008
ISBN : 274200713X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over 12 million people with epilepsy have seizures that cannot be controlled by antiepileptic drugs. The term "drug-resistance" is abundantly used in the epilepsy literature but the definitions proposed differ considerably. It is used indifferently in a number of different settings: as a criterion for selection of patients eligible for new antiepileptic drug trials, for the selection of surgical candidates, for the design of epidemiological studies, for the design of studies on quality of life, for the definition of the epileptic encephalopathies (in comparison to more benign epilepsy syndromes), to mention but a few. As a result, available studies are usually not comparable and referral to epilepsy specialists is unacceptably delayed. The volume includes several focused chapters on all issues relating to drug-resistance and offers the basis for a consensus on a clinically meaningful core definition.

Panayiotopoulos Syndrome

Panayiotopoulos Syndrome Book
Author : Chrysostomos P. Panayiotopoulos,Colin D. Ferrie
Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780861966196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details advanced knowledge on clinical and EEG aspects of Panayiotopoulos syndrome, that affects 6 percent of children with epileptic seizures and it is entirely benign. The spectrum of EEG with occipital and often extra-occipital spikes is richly illustrated as an EEG atlas. Relations with Rolandic, other childhood seizure susceptibility syndromes and Gastaut type idiopathic occipital epilepsy are analytically studied. Panayiotopoulos details the clinical and EEG manifestations, prevalence, pathophysiology and management of 'Panayiotopoulos syndrome' as it emerged from his long-term prospective studies of the author and worldwide documentation through independent studies. He masterly describes the particular type of seizure associated with his syndrome. Panayiotopoulos makes this book a reference for specialists.

New Antiepileptic Drugs

New Antiepileptic Drugs Book
Author : Francesco Pisani
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The pharmacological fight against epilepsy began many centuries ago when Hippocrates discovered that the cause of epilepsy is natural, as opposed to supernatural and, as a consequence, must be treated with a natural remedy. Even though science has significantly progressed since that era, the challenge to find remedies for epilepsy is ever present. The aim of this particular volume is to offer an up-to-date review of the most recent advances in antiepileptic drug development, considered from various viewpoints: (i) general, by taking into account the size of refractory epilepsy and its related problems; (ii) experimental, by exploring the mechanisms of epileptogenesis and the possiblility of influencing it through drugs, and (iii) clinical, by describing the results obtained with compounds currently at an advanced stage of testing.

Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy

Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy Book
Author : Gregory L. Holmes, MD,Steven C. Schachter,Dr. Dorothee GA Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite, "MD,MPH"
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release : 2007-10-15
ISBN : 9781934559888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of epilepsy and behavior has grown considerably in the past number of years, reflecting advances in the laboratory and clinic. Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy: Principles and Practice is the definitive text on epilepsy behavioral issues, from basic science to clinical applications, for all neurologists, psychosocial specialists, and researchers in the fields of epilepsy, neuroscience, and psychology/psychiatry. Behavioral aspects of epilepsy include a patient's experiences during seizures, his or her reaction during and between seizures, the frequency of episodes and what can be determined from the number of seizures. With contributions by dozens of leading international experts, this is the only book to cover all aspects of this critical emerging science. Adult and pediatric patients, animal models, and epilepsy surgery and its effects are all covered in detail. Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy is the only source for up-to-date information on a topic that has significant and growing interest in the medical community. This comprehensive, authoritative text has a bench to bedside, approach that covers: The mechanisms underlying epilepsy and behavior Neurophysiologic function Neuropsychiatric and behavioral disorders in patients with epilepsy The effects of treatments and surgery on behavior Pediatric and adolescent epilepsy Disorders associated with epilepsy that impact behavior And much more

Epilepsy Basic principles and diagnosis

Epilepsy  Basic principles and diagnosis Book
Author : Hermann Stefan,William H. Theodore
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0444528989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation This volume offers a comprehensive review of our knowledge of the field of epilepsy today, including epidemiology, basic mechanisms, animal models, and topics of increasing interest such as the role of inflammation in epilepsy.

The Neuropsychiatry of Epilepsy

The Neuropsychiatry of Epilepsy Book
Author : Michael R. Trimble,Bettina Schmitz
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-06-09
ISBN : 1139497898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research into the neuropsychiatry of epilepsy has become a central focus of interest in the last five years. Comorbidity of epilepsy with behavioral problems is now recognized widely, and the neuroscientific basis for such comorbidity is an active area of investigation. With an expanded international team of authors, this fully revised new edition builds on the strengths of its predecessor, examining in detail the subtleties of behavioral changes in patients with seizure disorders and offering both a diagnostic and a management perspective. New chapters cover genetic disorders, the effects of epilepsy on social behavior as viewed through theory of mind, a discussion of the precuneus, the importance and nature of peri-ictal psychiatric symptoms, depression and the interictal dysphoric disorder, and the relationship between antiepileptic drugs and suicide. This new edition is a must for anyone involved in diagnosing or managing epilepsy.

Top Topics in Child Adolescent Psychiatry An Issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America

Top Topics in Child   Adolescent Psychiatry  An Issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America  Book
Author : Harsh K. Trivedi
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-12-27
ISBN : 0323358179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this issue of Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics, consulting editor Dr. Harsh Trivedi has selected topics that continually are at the forefront for child and adolescent psychiatrists.Among the top topics are: Children's Exposure to Violent Video Games and Desensitization to Violence; Neurobiology of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Psychosocial Interventions in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; 5. Social Skills Training for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders; 6. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders; and Adolescent Eating Disorders: Definitions, Symptomatology, Epidemiology and Comorbidity. Authors renown in the psychiatric field and the pediatric field provide the physician clinical outcomes and therapeutic management of these disorders.

Sleep and its Disorders in Children and Adolescents with a Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Sleep and its Disorders in Children and Adolescents with a Neurodevelopmental Disorder Book
Author : Gregory Stores
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 1107402204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The first English textbook of paediatrics, The Boke of Chyldren, was published in the mid-16th century. The author was Thomas Phaire, a lawyer and physician, who wished to draw attention (in fanciful terms by modern standards) to the clinical features, supposed causes, and recommended treatments of various "infirmities of children": "Although (as affirmeth Plinie) there are innumerable passions & diseases, where unto the bodye of man is subiecte, and as well maye chaunce in the young as in the olde: Yetfor moste commonly the tender age of children is chefely vexed and greuved with these diseases folowyng" (Phaire, 1545INT-017)"--Provided by publisher.