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Sleep And Adhd

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Sleep and ADHD

Sleep and ADHD Book
Author : Harriet Hiscock,Emma Sciberras
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-19
ISBN : 0128141816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sleep and ADHD begins with an overview of sleep (normal sleep, sleep cues, developmental phases, etc.) and continues with the epidemiology of ADHD and sleep problems, including medical issues (e.g. sleep apnea), parasomnias, behavioral insomnias (i.e. limit setting, sleep onset association disorders, circadian rhythm disorders and anxiety-related insomnia). It then covers the etiology of sleep problems, including the role of sleep hygiene and habits, the developing child, and the role of stimulants and medications used in the management of ADHD sleep problems. As the first book of its kind, users will find this reference an invaluable addition to the literature on ADHD. Covers both the pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of sleep problems Addresses sleep issues in younger children, but also addresses adolescents and adults Discusses the impact of sleep problems on the family as well as the child with ADHD Reviews the evidence around the neurobiology of sleep and systems regulating sleep in ADHD

Examination of the Occurrence of Sleep Difficulties in a Clinical ADHD Population

Examination of the Occurrence of Sleep Difficulties in a Clinical ADHD Population Book
Author : Megan Narad
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. Research has shown that children diagnosed with ADHD experience a high level of parent reported sleep difficulties. The sample used for this analysis was derived from a clinical outpatient population seeking psychological evaluation at the Center for ADHD at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. A total of 124 patients (110 diagnosed with ADHD) between the ages of 2 and 17 years were included in this analysis. Variables used in the analyses were derived from the Vanderbilt ADHD Rating Scale, the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children- second edition (BASC-2), and a Sleep Questionnaire. A series of regression analyses were completed in order to examine the relationships between sleep and ADHD symptom severity, internalizing and externalizing behaviors, as well as functional impairments. Finally, t-test analyses were conducted to determine if there were differences in the patterns of sleep difficulties in various comorbid diagnostic groups. Results of the factor analysis supported a six-factor solution (Bedtime Resistance, Daytime Sleepiness, Poor Sleep Quality, Restless Sleep, Interrupted Sleep, and Difficulty Breathing) which accounted for 74.5% of the total variance. Results indicated that all six sleep factors were significantly positively correlated with total ADHD symptoms. Comparisons between ADHD subtypes revealed children with ADHD combined type exhibit significant greater difficulties than those with ADHD predominantly inattentive type in the domains of Poor Sleep Quality and Interrupted Sleep factors. Sleep problems were only related to parent-child relationship and did not affect other areas of impairment such as overall school performance and social relationship with peers, with greater sleep factor scores associated with greater impairment in the parent child relationship. Analyses revealed no significant difference between sleep factor scores of patients with and without a behavioral comorbidity (ODD and CD). Results of the FA revealed six independent factors suggesting sleep is not a unitary construct, but rather is composed of various components. While the most frequently endorsed suggest that oppositional behavior plays a role in some of the sleep difficulties exhibited by children with ADHD, children with ODD and children without ODD did not differ on any sleep factor scores, including the Bedtime Resistance factor. Suggesting that the Bedtime Resistance as reported by parents may not be due to oppositionality, but may be inherent to the ADHD condition itself. This would explain why sleep problems in ADHD are related to impairment in the parent-child relationship, and why parents rate their children with ADHD highly on sleep problems that are not observed using objective measures of sleep disturbance.

Sleep Problems Sleep Hygiene and Attention deficit hyperactivity Disorder ADHD Symptomatology in Young Adults

Sleep Problems  Sleep Hygiene  and Attention deficit hyperactivity Disorder  ADHD  Symptomatology in Young Adults Book
Author : Tonya M. Bauermann
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the associations between sleep problems, sleep hygiene and ADHD symptoms in young adults. The first chapter of this dissertation provides an overview of ADHD in adulthood, and a review of the literature that has associated ADHD and sleep problems. This chapter also highlights the need to develop a valid and reliable instrument to assess sleep hygiene. The second chapter presents a manuscript which outlines the development of a new self-report measure of sleep hygiene in young adults. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to develop two sleep hygiene scales (substance abuse and poor sleep scheduling) and overall results indicated that the new instrument has sound psychometric properties, as well as good construct and convergent validity. The third chapter presents a manuscript which outlines two empirical studies that examined the associations between sleep problems, sleep hygiene and ADHD symptoms in young adults. Results indicated that young adults with elevated ADHD symptoms reported more sleep problems (specifically insomnia and sleepiness) and poorer sleep hygiene (specifically substance abuse and poor sleep scheduling) than young adults without elevated ADHD symptoms. Young adults with ADHD also reported more sleep problems even after accounting for substance abuse and poor sleep scheduling, suggesting that poor sleep hygiene is not responsible for the sleep problems of young adults with ADHD. The fourth chapter presents a summary of the research findings, as well as a discussion of the methodological limitations and directions for future research.

Sleep and Circadian Rhythms in Children with Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder

Sleep and Circadian Rhythms in Children with Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder Book
Author : Mairav Cohen-Zion
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood. Age-inappropriate daytime and nighttime locomotor overactivity and disturbed sleep have been well documented in ADHD. This study's objective was to examine the relationships between daytime hyperactivity symptoms, sleep and rest/activity circadian rhythms in children with ADHD before and after treatment with stimulant medication. Fourteen unmedicated boys (mean age 8.7 years) with ADHD-Combined Type participated. The children's psychiatric symptoms and sleep and circadian rhythms were assessed using parental and teacher reports, one overnight polysomnographic recording, and ambulatory activity monitoring for 96 consecutive hours. The psychiatric and sleep assessments were repeated following a stimulant titration period of approximately 4-8 weeks. It was hypothesized that at the pre-treatment phase, increased hyperactivity severity would be associated with poorer sleep, weaker and more delayed rest/activity rhythms. Those children with weaker baseline circadian patterns were also hypothesized to have more sleep difficulties at post-treatment. Spearman correlations and canonical correlations were computed between ADHD severity and the sleep and circadian variables, controlling for any primary sleep disorders. Pre-treatment results indicated that increased hyperactivity levels were associated with (1) parental reports of poorer sleep hygiene and more difficulties initiating but not maintaining sleep, (2) objectively greater nocturnal activity and more disturbed sleep, and (3) weaker but not shifted rest/activity circadian rhythms. Although parents did not perceive any sleep changes as a function of treatment, an stimulant-induced objective improvement in sleep consolidation was observed. Post-treatment results also indicated a weaker baseline circadian rhythm did not increase the risk of poor sleep, however an overall reduction in the robustness of the rest/activity rhythm was seen. The weakening of the rest/activity circadian rhythm is likely reflective of the stimulant-induced decrease in objective daytime activity, resulting in a reduced fit of the circadian model to the rest/activity data. The number and severity of inattention symptoms were not related to any of the sleep or circadian variables at pre- or post-treatment. These findings suggested daytime hyperactivity may be linked to nighttime overactivity and poor sleep in ADHD, and that stimulant treatment may have positive effects on sleep and rest/activity rhythms.

Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder Book
Author : Lisa V. Blitz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-12-04
ISBN : 1420004727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely revised and updated, this Second Edition spans every issue related to ADD care and treatment. New chapters focus on emerging issues, the overlap of sleep disorders, how sleep disorders mimic ADD/ADHD and/or increase the symptoms, ADHD and sleep apnea, ADHD and restless legs or periodic limb movements in sleep, sleep in children, adolesce

08 SLEEP QUALITY IN CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER ADHD AND SENSORY MODULATION DIFFICULTIES

08   SLEEP QUALITY IN CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER  ADHD  AND SENSORY MODULATION DIFFICULTIES Book
Author : Zmira Silman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction Sleep disorders have been reported in up to 85% of children with ADHD. 40%-60% of children with ADHD exhibit sensory modulation difficulties (SMD) in addition to the core symptoms of ADHD. Children with ADHD who exhibit sensory symptoms have been reported to experience more significant functional difficulties. Aims: We aimed to evaluate whether SMD affect sleep characteristics of children with ADHD. Method: 27 children with ADHD and SMD, 14 children with ADHD without SMD and 39 controls (ages 8-11) were recruited and assessed, using the Conner's Parent Rating Scaleu2013Revised: Short Form, the Short Sensory Profile (SSP) and The Childrenu2019s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). Results: A multivariable model revealed that children with ADHD and SMD had sleep scores that were lower than controls, whereas children with ADHD and no SMD were indistinguishable from controls. Use of stimulants, gender, motheru2019s education and age had no significant contribution. Conclusion: In this pilot study, we found that difficulties in modulation of sensory input may correlate with lower quality of sleep in children diagnosed with ADHD.

Impairment in Adult ADHD

Impairment in Adult ADHD Book
Author : Morgan M. Dorr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains one of the most common psychological disorders diagnosed, current understanding of the disorders expression and factors contributing to impairment in early adulthood remains limited. In an effort to better understand current issues with ADHD assessment and treatment in emerging adults, this study aimed to examine relationships between symptoms, executive function (EF), sleep, and impairment. Overall results of this study indicate that together, ADHD symptoms, EF, and sleep account for a significant proportion of variance in impairment. Additionally, results indicate that EF moderates the relationship between ADHD symptoms and impairment, and that sleep may be a protective factor for adults. Specifically, this study found that when compared to individuals reporting more sleep problems, the effect of ADHD symptoms and EF on impairment was much weaker among individuals reporting fewer sleep problems. Understanding the relationship between ADHD symptoms, EF, and sleep is critically important in better understanding adult ADHD and in informing assessment and treatment strategies to more effectively reduce impairment.

Sleep Deprivation and ADHD

Sleep Deprivation and ADHD Book
Author : W. A. Samaan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780773400825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A title, in which, a promising new treatment is advanced from the analysis of the relationship between Sleep Deprivation and symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

The Role of Sleep on Inhibitory Control in Young Children with Attention deficit hyperactivity Disorder ADHD

The Role of Sleep on Inhibitory Control in Young Children with Attention deficit hyperactivity Disorder  ADHD   Book
Author : Amanda Cremone
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Alongside the hallmark symptoms of hyperactivity and inattention, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often report having sleep problems. Although sleep deficits are consistently found when evaluated subjectively, impairments in sleep physiology are inconsistent. Compared to typically developing (TD) children, children with ADHD have greater spectral power in the delta (0.5 to 4 Hz) and theta frequency bands (4 to 7 Hz). Moreover, activity in these bands is differentially related to cognitive outcomes in ADHD and TD populations. As such, this dissertation sought to examine relations between sleep physiology and inhibitory control, a primary deficit of ADHD, in young children with and without ADHD. In the first study, children completed a Go/No-Go task before and after polysomnography-monitored overnight sleep. Inhibitory control was improved with overnight sleep in TD children but not in children with ADHD. Morning inhibitory control was positively correlated with rapid eye movement (REM) theta activity in TD children. Although theta activity was greater in the ADHD group, it was not associated with subsequent behavior. In the second study, separate groups of children, with and without ADHD, participated in a sleep-based intervention to determine whether extending overnight sleep duration would reduce theta activity and, in turn, improve inhibitory control. Again, inhibitory control was gauged via a Go/No-Go task and overnight sleep physiology measured with polysomnography. The results of this second study indicate that children with and without ADHD were able to extend overnight sleep duration when bedtime was advanced. In the ADHD group, inhibitory control was improved only when sleep duration was extended. Inhibitory control was improved following overnight sleep in the TD group (regardless of sleep extension), consistent with the results of the first study. In contrast to the results of the first study, however, morning inhibitory control was associated with SWA but not theta activity (recorded during sleep or wake). Specifically, less SWA was related to greater morning inhibitory control in children with ADHD when overnight sleep duration was extended. Collectively, the results of this dissertation suggest that markers of sleep physiology are uniquely related to inhibitory functioning in children with and without ADHD.

Sleep Spindle Activity in Children with ADHD

Sleep Spindle Activity in Children with ADHD  Book
Author : Xi (Ellen) Tong
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sleep Spindle Activity in Children with ADHD book written by Xi (Ellen) Tong, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Eye Movement REM Sleep and ADHD

Eye Movement  REM Sleep  and ADHD Book
Author : Elin Marie Grissom,Indiana State University. Department of Psychology
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Eye Movement REM Sleep and ADHD book written by Elin Marie Grissom,Indiana State University. Department of Psychology, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Rhythm of Adult ADHD

The Rhythm of Adult ADHD Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9789463750349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Rhythm of Adult ADHD book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Parental Rating of Sleep in Children with Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder

Parental Rating of Sleep in Children with Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder Book
Author : Allan Hvolby,Jan Jørgensen,Niels Bilenberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Objective: Sleep problems have often been associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parents of those with ADHD and children with ADHD report sleep difficulties more frequently than healthy children and their parents. The primary objective of this paper is to describe sleep patterns and problems of 5 to 11-year-old children suffering from ADHD as described by parental reports and sleep questionnaires. Method: The study included 321 children aged 5-11years (average age 8.4years); 45 were diagnosed with ADHD, 64 had other psychiatric diagnoses, and 212 were healthy. One hundred and ninety-six of the test subjects were boys and 125 were girls. A semi-structured interview (Kiddie-SADS-PL) was used to DSM-IV diagnose ADHD and comorbidity in the clinical group. Sleep difficulties were rated using a structured sleep questionnaire (Children Sleep Behaviour Scale). Results: Children diagnosed with ADHD had a significantly increased occurrence of sleep problems. Diffi

Sleep Disturbance in Children and Adolescents with ADHD Unique Effects of Medication ADHD Subtype and Comorbid Status

Sleep Disturbance in Children and Adolescents with ADHD  Unique Effects of Medication  ADHD Subtype  and Comorbid Status Book
Author : Jocelyn R. Helwig
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781124654508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ADHD is among the most common childhood psychiatric disorders, estimated to affect approximately 3% to 5% of elementary school-aged children, with 11% to 37% reporting sleep disturbance (American Psychiatric Association, 2000; Owens, Spirito, McGuinn, & Nobile, 2000). Disturbed sleep can result in daytime sleepiness and behavioral difficulties that affect cognitive functions in children, such as attention and memory, as well as exacerbate symptoms of ADHD (Fallone, Owens, & Deane, 1998; Owens, 2005). The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of ICD-9 sleep disorders, prescribed sleep medications, and complaints of sleep problems as diagnosed by pediatric primary care providers in children and adolescents with ADHD across medication status, ADHD subtype, and comorbidity. Electronic medical records were reviewed for 5,881 patients (6--18 years) diagnosed with ADHD and 5,881 patients without ADHD matched by age, gender, and primary care practice and seen for a well-child visit in 2007. Information was collected on ICD-9 sleep diagnoses, medications potentially used to treat sleep disorders, demographic variables, medications commonly used to treat symptoms of ADHD, ICD-9 ADHD subtype, and comorbidity. A secondary analysis was conducted on 556 participants to examine parent and/or patient complaint of sleep problems. Results indicated that children and adolescents with ADHD were more likely to be diagnosed with a sleep disorder or prescribed a sleep medication compared to their pediatric counterparts with no ADHD diagnosis. The significance of medications commonly used to treat symptoms of ADHD, ICD-9 ADHD subtype, and comorbidity as risk factors of sleep disturbance was discussed. This is one of the first studies to highlight the subgroups of children and adolescents with ADHD significantly more likely to exhibit sleep disturbance across a large primary care network. These risk factors and their subsequent effects on the severity of symptoms associated with ADHD must be considered when assessing and treating children and adolescents with ADHD.

General Sleep Parameters and Sleep Architecture in Children with Attention deficit hyperactivity Disorder and Their Typically Developing Peers

General Sleep Parameters and Sleep Architecture in Children with Attention deficit hyperactivity Disorder and Their Typically Developing Peers Book
Author : Andre Benoit,Dalhousie University. Department of Psychology
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ABSTRACT: Polysomnography (PSG) sleep studies that compare the sleep of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to their typically developing (TD) peers have historically been highly inconsistent. Not only has there been sporadic control over potential confounding variables (e.g., age, medication-status), but no studies have compared sleep between ADHD subtypes. Therefore, this thesis compared the sleep parameters (sleep onset, duration) and sleep architecture (e.g., REM latency, % of REM and NREM sleep]) between a medication-naïve sample of 25 children diagnosed with ADHD, to an age- and sex-matched sample of 25 of their TD peers. Statistical analyses revealed that the ADHD group took longer to fall asleep and slept less than the TD group. However, no significant sleep architecture differences were found between the ADHD and TD groups, or between the ADHD subtypes. Results suggest that ADHD does not relate to intrinsic differences in sleep architecture in children.

Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder Book
Author : Barbara C. Fisher
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-12-04
ISBN : 9780849330995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely revised and updated, this Second Edition spans every issue related to ADD care and treatment. New chapters focus on emerging issues, the overlap of sleep disorders, how sleep disorders mimic ADD/ADHD and/or increase the symptoms, ADHD and sleep apnea, ADHD and restless legs or periodic limb movements in sleep, sleep in children, adolescents and adults, the aged population, ADD and women, novel treatment approaches, including a new cognitive training program, methods to diagnosis ADD/ADHD and separate it from other overlapping disorders, and mis-diagnosis.

Updates in Pediatric Sleep and Child Psychiatry

Updates in Pediatric Sleep and Child Psychiatry Book
Author : Ujjwal Ramtekkar,Anna Ivanenko
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-05-13
ISBN : 3038979384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sleep-related symptoms are common in the majority of psychiatric diagnostic categories. The overlap of sleep and psychiatric disorders have been demonstrated in numerous studies. The understanding of sleep and child psychiatry has progressively evolved in the last decade and newer insights have developed regarding the complex interaction between sleep and psychopathology. This collection of articles represents updates on sleep and psychiatric disorders with medical and neurological co-morbidities in children and adolescents.