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Skin Tissue Models

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Skin Tissue Models

Skin Tissue Models Book
Author : Alexandra P. Marques,Rui L Reis,Rogério P. Pirraco,Mariana Cerqueira
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-14
ISBN : 0128110007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Skin Tissue Models provides a translational link for biomedical researchers on the interdisciplinary approaches to skin regeneration. As the skin is the largest organ in the body, engineered substitutes have critical medical application to patients with disease and injury – from burn wounds and surgical scars, to vitiligo, psoriasis and even plastic surgery. This volume offers readers preliminary description of the normal structure and function of mammalian skin, exposure to clinical problems and disease, coverage of potential therapeutic molecules and testing, skin substitutes, models as study platforms of skin biology and emerging technologies. The editors have created a table of contents which frames the relevance of skin tissue models for researchers as platforms to study skin biology and therapeutic approaches for different skin diseases, for clinicians as tissue substitutes, and for cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries as alternative test substrates that can replace animal models. Offers descriptions of the normal structure/function of mammalian skin, exposure to clinical problems, and more Presents coverage of skin diseases (cancer, genodermatoses, vitiligo and psoriasis) that extends to clinical requirements and skin diseases in vitro models Addresses legal requirements and ethical concerns in drugs and cosmetics in vitro testing Edited and authored by internationally renowned group of researchers, presenting the broadest coverage possible

Skin Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Skin Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Mohammad Albanna,James H Holmes IV
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-01-14
ISBN : 012801797X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The skin is the largest human organ system. Loss of skin integrity due to injury or illness results in a substantial physiologic imbalance and ultimately in severe disability or death. From burn victims to surgical scars and plastic surgery, the therapies resulting from skin tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are important to a broad spectrum of patients. Skin Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine provides a translational link for biomedical researchers across fields to understand the inter-disciplinary approaches which expanded available therapies for patients and additional research collaboration. This work expands on the primary literature on the state of the art of cell therapies and biomaterials to review the most widely used surgical therapies for the specific clinical scenarios. Explores cellular and molecular processes of wound healing, scar formation, and dermal repair Includes examples of animal models for wound healing and translation to the clinical world Presents the current state of, and clinical opportunities for, extracellular matrices, natural biomaterials, synthetic biomaterials, biologic skin substitutes, and adult and fetal stem and skin cells for skin regenerative therapies and wound management Discusses new innovative approaches for wound healing including skin bioprinting and directed cellular therapies

Skin Tissue Models

Skin Tissue Models Book
Author : David Chau
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-07-22
ISBN : 9783330653641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Skin Tissue Models book written by David Chau, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biofabrication and 3D Tissue Modeling

Biofabrication and 3D Tissue Modeling Book
Author : Dong-Woo Cho
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 1788016645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

3D tissue modelling is an emerging field used for the investigation of disease mechanisms and drug development. The two key drivers of this upsurge in research lie in its potential to offer a way to reduce animal testing with respect to biotoxicity analysis, preferably on physiology recapitulated human tissues and, additionally, provides an alternative approach to regenerative medicine. Integrating physics, chemistry, materials science, and stem cell and biomedical engineering, this book provides a complete foundation to this exciting, and interdisciplinary field. Beginning with the basic principles of 3D tissue modelling, the reader will find expert reviews on key fabrication technologies and processes, including microfluidics, microfabrication technology such as 3D bioprinting, and programming approaches to emulating human tissue complexity. The next stage introduces the reader to a range of materials used for 3D tissue modelling, from synthetic to natural materials, as well as the emerging field of tissue derived decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM). A whole host of critical applications are covered, with several chapters dedicated to hard and soft tissues, as well as focused reviews on the respiratory and central nervous system. Finally, the development of in vitro tissue models to screen drugs and study progression and etiologies of diseases, with particular attention paid to cancer, can be found.

Biomaterials for Skin Repair and Regeneration

Biomaterials for Skin Repair and Regeneration Book
Author : Elena Garcia-Gareta
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-05
ISBN : 0081025475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials for Skin Repair and Regeneration examines a range of materials and technologies used for regenerating or repairing skin. With a strong focus on biomaterials and scaffolds, the book also examines the testing and evaluation pathway for human clinical trials. Beginning by introducing the fundamentals on skin tissue, the book goes on to describe contemporary technology used in skin repair as well as currently available biomaterials suitable for skin tissue repair and regeneration. Skin tissue engineering and the ideal requirements to take into account when developing skin biomaterials are discussed, followed by information on the individual materials used for skin repair and regeneration. As evaluation of biomaterials in animal models is mandatory before proceeding into human clinical trials, the book also examines the different animal models available. With a strong focus on materials, engineering, and application, this book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, skin biologists, and bioengineers with an interest in tissue engineering, regeneration, and repair of skin. Provides an understanding of basic skin biology Comprehensively examines a variety of biomaterial approaches Looks at animal models for the evaluation of biomaterial-based skin constructs

Cell and Tissue Culture Models in Dermatological Research

Cell and Tissue Culture Models in Dermatological Research Book
Author : August Bernd,Jürgen Bereiter-Hahn,Frank Hevert,H. Holzmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642778178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume the impact of cell culture models on dermatological research is discussed by scientists from medicine, physiology, biology, pharmacology,and pharmacy. The book includes the following topics: orthology and pathology of the skin, differentiation of keratinocytes and fibroblasts, problems of the cultivation of melanocytes, biochemistry of pigment metabolism, models for wound healing and tissue renewal, fibroblast function and metabolism of collagen, models for the investigation of ageing as well as models for pharmacological and toxicologial tests. Thus, a wide arch is spanned, from basic problems with cultivation and characterization of cell cultures to examples of application. Dermatologists as well as cell biologists will benefit from this publication.

Functional 3D Tissue Engineering Scaffolds

Functional 3D Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Book
Author : Ying Deng,Jordan Kuiper
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-10-17
ISBN : 0081009801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to grow replacement tissues, 3D scaffolds are widely used as a template for tissue engineering and regeneration. These scaffolds, which are typically ‘seeded’ with cells, support the growth of new tissues. However, in order to achieve successful tissue growth, the scaffold must meet specific requirements and are often ‘functionalized’ to accentuate particular properties. Functional 3D tissue engineering scaffolds: materials, technologies, and applications, is a comprehensive review of functional 3D scaffolds, providing information on the fundamentals, technologies, and applications. Part 1 focuses on the fundamentals of 3D tissue scaffolds, examining information on materials, properties, and trends. Part 2 discusses a wide range of conventional technologies for engineering functional 3D scaffolds, leading the way to a discussion on CAD and advanced technologies for functional 3D scaffold engineering. Chapters in part 3 study methods for functionalizing scaffolds to support a variety of in vivo functions whilst the final set of chapters provides an important review of the most significant applications of functional 3D scaffolds within tissue engineering. This book is a valuable resource for biomaterial scientists and biomedical engineers in academia and industry, with interests in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Provides a self-contained work for the field of biomaterials and tissue engineering Discusses all the requirements a scaffold must meet and a wide range of strategies to create them Highlights significant and successful applications of functional 3D scaffolds

Biofabrication and 3D Tissue Modeling

Biofabrication and 3D Tissue Modeling Book
Author : Dong-Woo Cho
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 1788011988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

3D tissue modelling is an emerging field used for the investigation of disease mechanisms and drug development. The two key drivers of this upsurge in research lie in its potential to offer a way to reduce animal testing with respect to biotoxicity analysis, preferably on physiology recapitulated human tissues and, additionally, it provides an alternative approach to regenerative medicine. Integrating physics, chemistry, materials science, and stem cell and biomedical engineering, this book provides a complete foundation to this exciting, and interdisciplinary field. Beginning with the basic principles of 3D tissue modelling, the reader will find expert reviews on key fabrication technologies and processes, including microfluidics, microfabrication technology such as 3D bioprinting, and programming approaches to emulating human tissue complexity. The next stage introduces the reader to a range of materials used for 3D tissue modelling, from synthetic to natural materials, as well as the emerging field of tissue derived decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM). A whole host of critical applications are covered, with several chapters dedicated to hard and soft tissues, as well as focused reviews on the respiratory and central nervous system. Finally, the development of in vitro tissue models to screen drugs and study progression and etiologies of diseases, with particular attention paid to cancer, can be found.

Skin Tissue Engineering Methods and Protocols

Skin Tissue Engineering  Methods and Protocols Book
Author : Sophie Böttcher-Haberzeth,Thomas Biedermann
Publisher : Methods in Molecular Biology
Release : 2020-06-14
ISBN : 9781493994755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Skin Tissue Engineering Methods and Protocols book written by Sophie Böttcher-Haberzeth,Thomas Biedermann, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biomechanical Models for Soft Tissue Simulation

Biomechanical Models for Soft Tissue Simulation Book
Author : Walter Maurel,Yin Wu,Nadia Magnenat Thalmann,Daniel Thalmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-22
ISBN : 3662035898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of biomechanical modeling of human soft tissue using nonlinear theoretical mechanics and incremental finite element methods, useful for computer simulation of the human musculoskeletal system.

Concepts and Models for Drug Permeability Studies

Concepts and Models for Drug Permeability Studies Book
Author : Bruno Sarmento
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-09-30
ISBN : 0081001142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book intends to be an updated compilation of the most important buccal, gastric, intestinal, pulmonary, nasal, vaginal, ocular, skin and blood-brain barrier in vitro models for predicting the permeability of drugs. Concepts and Models for Drug Permeability Studies focuses on different approaches and comprises of various models. Each model describes the protocol of seeding and conservation, the application for specific drugs, and takes into account the maintenance of physiologic characteristics and functionality of epithelium, from the simplest immortalized cell-based monoculture to the most complex engineered-tissue models. Chapters also discuss the equivalence between in vitro cell and tissue models and in vivo conditions, highlighting how each model may provisionally resemble a different drug absorption route. Updated information regarding the most recent in vitro models to study the permeability of drugs Short and concise chapters covering all the biological barriers with interest in drug permeability A combination of bibliographic information related with individual models and footnote instructions of technical procedures for construction of cell and tissue-based models Simple and clear scientific content, adaptable for young scientists and experimented researchers

Principles of Tissue Engineering

Principles of Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Robert Lanza,Robert Langer,Joseph P. Vacanti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-05-16
ISBN : 008053967X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The opportunity that tissue engineering provides for medicine is extraordinary. In the United States alone, over half-a-trillion dollars are spent each year to care for patients who suffer from tissue loss or dysfunction. Although numerous books and reviews have been written on tissue engineering, none has been as comprehensive in its defining of the field. Principles of Tissue Engineering combines in one volume the prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, the tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs, as well as a presentation of applications of tissue engineering to diseases affecting specific organ systems. The first edition of the book, published in 1997, is the definite reference in the field. Since that time, however, the discipline has grown tremendously, and few experts would have been able to predict the explosion in our knowledge of gene expression, cell growth and differentiation, the variety of stem cells, new polymers and materials that are now available, or even the successful introduction of the first tissue-engineered products into the marketplace. There was a need for a new edition, and this need has been met with a product that defines and captures the sense of excitement, understanding and anticipation that has followed from the evolution of this fascinating and important field. Key Features * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research on all of the major systems of the human body, e.g., skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Essential to anyone working in the field * Educates and directs both the novice and advanced researcher * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research with all of the major systems of the human body, e.g. skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Has new chapters written by leaders in the latest areas of research, such as fetal tissue engineering and the universal cell * Considered the definitive reference in the field * List of contributors reads like a "who's who" of tissue engineering, and includes Robert Langer, Joseph Vacanti, Charles Vacanti, Robert Nerem, A. Hari Reddi, Gail Naughton, George Whitesides, Doug Lauffenburger, and Eugene Bell, among others

Skin Biophysics

Skin Biophysics Book
Author : Georges Limbert
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 303013279X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents state-of-the-art experimental and modelling techniques for skin biophysics that are currently used in academic and industrial research. It also identifies current and future challenges, as well as a growing number of opportunities in this exciting research field. The book covers the basics of skin physiology, biology, microstructural and material properties, and progressively introduces the reader to established experimental characterisation protocols and modelling approaches. Advanced topics in modelling theories and numerical implementation are also presented. The book focusses especially on: 1. Basic physiology, molecular biology, microstructural and material properties of the skin. 2. Experimental characterisation techniques for the skin (including imaging): in vivo and in vitro techniques and combination of those with in silico approaches. 3. State-of-the-art constitutive models of the skin: elastic, anelastic and mechanobiological formulations (e.g. growth, ageing, healing). 4. Applications: mechanics, damage, biological growth, healing, ageing and skin tribology. This book is addressed to postgraduate students in biomedical/mechanical/civil engineering, (bio)physics and applied mathematics, postdoctoral researchers, as well as scientists and engineers working in academia and industry engaged in skin research, particularly, if at the cross-roads of physical experiments, imaging and modelling. The book is also be of interest to clinicians/biologists who wish to learn about the possibilities offered by modern engineering techniques for skin science research and, by so doing, provide them with an incentive to broaden their outlook, engage more widely with the non-clinical research communities and, ultimately, help cross-fertilising new ideas that will lead to better treatment plans and engineering solutions.

Viscoelasticity

Viscoelasticity Book
Author : Juan De Vicente
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-11-07
ISBN : 9535108417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a wealth of useful information on current research on viscoelasticity. By covering a broad variety of rheology, non-Newtonian fluid mechanics and viscoelasticity-related topics, this book is addressed to a wide spectrum of academic and applied researchers and scientists but it could also prove useful to industry specialists. The subject areas include, theory, simulations, biological materials and food products among others.

Skin Models

Skin Models Book
Author : Ronald Marks,Gerd Plewig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642703879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last fifty years dramatic progress has been made in the under standing of skin and skin diseases. Although we are still someway off understanding the ultimate causes of such disorders as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and the congenital disorder of keratinization, we now have considerable information on the physiological disturbances in various diseases. This has permitted and encouraged a rational approach to treatment. The successful use of antimitotic agents, immunomodulators and retinoids may be cited as examples. A major reason for this im provement may be the fact that researchers accept models for the in vestigation of skin diseases. Increasing numbers of them have become available in the past years. So many have been described that it is doubtful whether anyone researcher is aware of all the other models described - even in his own field of interest. This book is a challenge for those involved in the study of skin and its disorders to use the sundry models of skin that have proven helpful. It would be impossible for this work to be all-embracing but it is hoped that the choice of models offered in this publication will be stimulating and helpful in the solution of knotty skin questions. April,1986 Ronald Marks, Cardiff Gerd Plewig, DUsseldorf Table of Contents In Vivo Models Human Model for Acne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 L. C Brummitt, W. J. Cunliffe, G. Gowland Models to Study Follicular Diseases l3 G. Plewig Models for Wound Healing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 R. Marks, D. Williams, A. D.

Skin Tissue Engineering

Skin Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Sophie Böttcher-Haberzeth,Thomas Biedermann
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2019-07-21
ISBN : 9781493994724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides protocols describing the isolation and culture of diverse cell types stemming from the skin and the use of these cells and cell constructs for wound healing, bioengineering applications, and translational medicine purposes. The book is divided into three sections describing the isolation and culture of diverse skin cells, managing these cells within co-culture systems and skin models, as well as using these skin models in a test setting. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Skin Tissue Engineering: Methods and Protocols serves as a vital aid to basic and clinical researchers such as biologists, physicians, and biomedical engineers working with and being interested in basic science, and clinically and laboratory-applicable translational regenerative medicine.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book
Author : Bruce Alberts
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780815332183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molecular Biology of the Cell book written by Bruce Alberts, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Space Radiation induced Bystander Signaling in 2D and 3D Skin Tissue Models

Space Radiation induced Bystander Signaling in 2D and 3D Skin Tissue Models Book
Author : Sarah B. Lumpkins,Harvard--MIT Program in Health Sciences and Technology
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Space radiation poses a significant hazard to astronauts on long-duration missions, and the low fluences of charged particles characteristic of this field suggest that bystander effects, the phenomenon in which a greater number of cells exhibit damage than expected based on the number of cells traversed by radiation, could be significant contributors to overall cell damage. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate bystander effects due to signaling between different cell types cultured within 2D and 3D tissue architectures. 2D bystander signaling was investigated using a transwell insert system in which normal human fibroblasts (A) and keratinocytes (K) were irradiated with 1 GeV/n protons or iron ions at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory using doses from either 2 Gy (protons) or 1 Gy (iron ions) down to spacerelevant low fluences. Medium-mediated bystander responses were investigated using three cell signaling combinations. Bystander signaling was also investigated in a 3D model by developing tissue constructs consisting of fibroblasts embedded in a collagen matrix with a keratinocyte epidermal layer. Bystander experiments were conducted by splitting each construct in half and exposing half to radiation then placing the other half in direct contact with the irradiated tissue on a transwell insert. Cell damage was evaluated primarily as formation of foci of the DNA repair-related protein 53BP1. In the 2D system, both protons and iron ions yielded a strong dose dependence for the induction of 53BP1 in irradiated cells, while the magnitudes and time courses of bystander responses were dependent on radiation quality. Furthermore, bystander effects were present in all three cell signaling combinations even at the low proton particle fluences used, suggesting the potential importance of including these effects in cancer risk models for low-dose space radiation exposures. Cells cultured in the 3D constructs exhibited a significant reduction in the percentages of both direct and bystander cells positive for 53BP1 foci, although the qualitative kinetics of DNA damage and repair were similar to those observed in 2D. These results provide evidence that the microenvironment significantly influences intercellular signaling and that cells may be more radioresistant in 3D compared to 2D systems.

Biomaterials for 3D Tumor Modeling

Biomaterials for 3D Tumor Modeling Book
Author : Subhas C. Kundu,Rui L Reis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-22
ISBN : 012818129X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials for 3D Tumor Modeling reviews the fundamentals and most relevant areas of the latest advances of research of 3D cancer models, focusing on biomaterials science, tissue engineering, drug delivery and screening aspects. The book reviews advanced fundamental topics, including the causes of cancer, existing cancer models, angiogenesis and inflammation during cancer progression, and metastasis in 3D biomaterials. Then, the most relevant biomaterials are reviewed, including methods for engineering and fabrication of biomaterials. 3D models for key biological systems and types of cancer are also discussed, including lung, liver, oral, prostate, pancreatic, ovarian, bone and pediatric cancer. This book is suitable for those working in the disciplines of materials science, biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, drug delivery and regenerative medicine. Reviews key biomaterials topics, including synthetic biomaterials, hydrogels, e-spun materials and nanoparticles Provides a comprehensive overview of 3D cancer models for key biological systems and cancer types Includes an overview of advanced fundamental concepts for an interdisciplinary audience in materials science, biochemistry, regenerative medicine and drug delivery

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace Book
Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-06-24
ISBN : 0309072840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers. Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps. This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.