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Six Chemicals That Changed Agriculture

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Six Chemicals That Changed Agriculture

Six Chemicals That Changed Agriculture Book
Author : Robert L. Zimdahl
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-31
ISBN : 9780128005613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Six Chemicals That Changed Agriculture is a scientific look at how the chemicals used in today's food production were developed, evaluated, and came to be in wide-spread use. From fertilizers to pest management, antibiotics to DNA, chemicals have transformed the way our food is grown, protected, and processed. Agriculture is the world's most important environment interaction, the essential human activity, and an increasingly controversial activity because of its use and presumed misuse of chemistry. The major characteristics of US agriculture for at least the last six decades have been rising productivity, declining number of mid-size farms, increasing farm size, an increasing percentage of farm production on fewer, large farms, increasing dependence of chemical technology and more developmental research being done by the agricultural chemical industry rather than by independent land-grant universities. Another equally important feature of modern agriculture is wide-spread suspicion of its technology by the public. The book will recount examples of this suspicion related to specific chemicals and present the essence of the suspicion and its results. Offers an historical analysis of the discovery and development some aspects of the chemistry of modern agriculture Addresses the advantages, disadvantages, desirable and undesirable results of the use of each of the chosen chemicals and compares and contrasts the real and frequently assumed problems of their use Provides valuable insights into the history and application of these focused chemicals, enabling readers to apply the lessons to new agricultural chemical developments

Six Chemicals That Changed Agriculture

Six Chemicals That Changed Agriculture Book
Author : Robert L Zimdahl
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-23
ISBN : 012800617X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Six Chemicals That Changed Agriculture is a scientific look at how the chemicals used in today's food production were developed, evaluated, and came to be in wide-spread use. From fertilizers to pest management, antibiotics to DNA, chemicals have transformed the way our food is grown, protected, and processed. Agriculture is the world's most important environment interaction, the essential human activity, and an increasingly controversial activity because of its use and presumed misuse of chemistry. The major characteristics of US agriculture for at least the last six decades have been rising productivity, declining number of mid-size farms, increasing farm size, an increasing percentage of farm production on fewer, large farms, increasing dependence of chemical technology and more developmental research being done by the agricultural chemical industry rather than by independent land-grant universities. Another equally important feature of modern agriculture is wide-spread suspicion of its technology by the public. The book will recount examples of this suspicion related to specific chemicals and present the essence of the suspicion and its results. Offers an historical analysis of the discovery and development some aspects of the chemistry of modern agriculture Addresses the advantages, disadvantages, desirable and undesirable results of the use of each of the chosen chemicals and compares and contrasts the real and frequently assumed problems of their use Provides valuable insights into the history and application of these focused chemicals, enabling readers to apply the lessons to new agricultural chemical developments

Agriculture s Ethical Horizon

Agriculture s Ethical Horizon Book
Author : Robert L. Zimdahl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-24
ISBN : 012823668X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agriculture’s Ethical Horizon: Third Edition covers the changing environment in which practitioners of agriculture are challenged to produce food for the world. Fully revised and updated, the book encourages discussions on the moral questions that agriculture faces, including what goals should agricultural science pursue and how should practitioners address important ethical questions which are different and more complex than the dominating questions of production? The book presents the story of agriculture from the blood, sweat and tears era, to the present genetic era, including the paradox of agriculture. This book is ideal for agricultural students, practitioners and anyone who would like to understand the tremendous responsibility of agricultural production. It presents a foundation for the important discussions and decisions that will be necessary to support the future of agriculture. Presents critical-thinking considerations based on extensive, real-world experience Challenges all those interested in food production to more fully explore agricultural systems Fully revised and updated to include current and emerging challenges and their potential future impacts on the world’s food supply

A History of Weed Science in the United States

A History of Weed Science in the United States Book
Author : Robert L Zimdahl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-02-04
ISBN : 0123815029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is important that scientists think about and know their history - where they came from, what they have accomplished, and how these may affect the future. Weed scientists, similar to scientists in many technological disciplines, have not sought historical reflection. The technological world asks for results and for progress. Achievement is important not, in general, the road that leads to achievement. What was new yesterday is routine today, and what is described as revolutionary today may be considered antiquated tomorrow. Weed science has been strongly influenced by technology developed by supporting industries, subsequently employed in research and, ultimately, used by farmers and crop growers. The science has focused on results and progress. Scientists have been--and the majority remain--problem solvers whose solutions have evolved as rapidly as have the new weed problems needing solutions. In a more formal sense, weed scientists have been adherents of the instrumental ideology of modern science. That is an analysis of their work, and their orientation reveals the strong emphasis on practical, useful knowledge; on know how. The opposite, and frequently complementary orientation, that has been missing from weed science is an emphasis on contemplative knowledge; that is, knowing why. This book expands on and analyzes how these orientations have affected weed science’s development. The first analytical history of weed science to be written Compares the development of weed science, entomology and plant pathology Identifies the primary founders of weed science and describes their role

Fundamentals of Weed Science

Fundamentals of Weed Science Book
Author : Robert Zimdahl
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323149421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Weed Science provides an introduction to the basic principles of weed science for undergraduate courses. It discusses several aspects of weed biology and control, and traces the history of herbicide development. The book begins with an introduction to weeds, covering their definition, characteristics, harmful aspects, and the cost of weed control. This is followed chapters on weed classification, the uses of weeds, weed biology, weed ecology, allelopathy, the significance of plant competition, weed management and control methods, and biological weed control. Later chapters deal with herbicidesthe most important weed control tools and the ones with the greatest potential for untoward effects. Students of weed science must understand herbicides and the factors governing their use as well as the potential for misuse. These chapters discuss chemical weed control, the properties and uses of herbicides, factors affecting herbicide performance, herbicide application, herbicide formulation, ecological impact of herbicides, pesticide registration and legislation, weed management systems, and the future of weed science.

Fundamentals of Weed Science

Fundamentals of Weed Science Book
Author : Robert L Zimdahl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-09-06
ISBN : 0080549853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses herbicides and their use as an important aspect of modern weed management, and strives to place them in an ecological framework. Many weed scientists believe agriculture is a continuing struggle with weeds - without good weed control, good and profitable agriculture is impossible. Each agricultural discipline sees itself as central to agriculture's success and continued progress, and weed science is no exception. While not denying the importance of weed management to successful agriculture, this book places it in a larger ecological context. The roles of culture, economics, and politics in weed management are also discussed, enabling scientists and students to understand the larger effects on society. NEW TO THIS EDITION: Information on New herbicides included, along with the old herbicides that are important for understanding the history New section on weed resistance to herbicides and genetic engineering New information on invasive plants Expanded chapters on Biological Control, Pesticide Legislation and Regulation, Weed Management Systems, and more

Agricultural Ethics An Invitation

Agricultural Ethics   An Invitation Book
Author : Robert L. Zimdahl
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-13
ISBN : 3030489353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

I write because I am concerned that I and my agricultural colleagues have avoided addressing the moral dimension of the environmental and social problems we have contributed to. I hope for an exchange of ideas about agriculture's moral dilemmas. I encourage my readers to engage in a collective conversation about the dilemmas and avoid remaining in what Merton calls "the collective arrogance and despair of his own herd." If those engaged in agriculture continue to ignore and fail to realize our common difficulties they will be addressed and resolved by societal pressure and political action, which may not yield the resolution we favor. The book's goal is not to resolve the moral dilemmas raised. It is to raise them and encourage thought and discussion. It will ask but not answer why nearly all involved in agriculture have not addressed the moral concerns voiced by the general public. The agricultural enterprise is committed to the benefits and future success of the present, very productive, chemical, capital, and energy intensive system, which is, in the minds of many, not sustainable. The internal justification invokes the moral claim that they feed the world's population. The question remains whether or not the prevailing moral justification of feeding the world is adequate given all the issues modern, developed country agriculture faces: pesticides in soil, water, and food, cruelty to animals, Biotech/GMO's, corporate agriculture, pollution by animal factory waste, exploitation of and cruelty to migrant labor.

Sustainable Agrochemistry

Sustainable Agrochemistry Book
Author : Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 3030178919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a broad range of technologies for sustainable agrochemistry, e.g. semiochemicals for pest management, nanotechnology for release of eco-friendly agrochemicals, and green chemistry principles for agriculture. It provides a concise introduction to sustainable agrochemistry for a professional audience, and highlights the main scientific and technological approaches that can be applied to modern agrochemistry. It also discusses various available technologies for reducing the negative impacts of agrochemicals on the environment and human health.

Phosphorus

Phosphorus Book
Author : Jim Elser,Phil Haygarth
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-12-08
ISBN : 0199916918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phosphorus knowing -- Phosphorus becoming -- Phosphorus living -- Phosphorus feeding -- Phosphorus growing -- Phosphorus polluting -- Phosphorus awakening -- Phosphorus reducing -- Phosphorus recycling -- Phosphorus sustaining -- Epilogue: Driving to San Diego.

Bionanotechnology

Bionanotechnology Book
Author : Anil Kumar Anal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-02
ISBN : 1351643630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with a subject of high interest and importance in all sectors, including biomedical, food, agriculture, energy, and environment. Biological systems are essential in nanotechnology, and many new applications are being developed by mimicking the natural systems. Approaching these topics from an engineering perspective, the book offers insight on the details of nanoscale fabrication processes as well as cell biology. The basics of biology and chemistry, with a focus on how to engineer the behavior of molecules at the nanoscale, are also explored and analyzed. The aim of the text is to provide the reader with broader knowledge of biological methods for signal transduction and molecular recognitions systems and how they can be replicated in bio-sensing applications. The reader will learn the basic structures and interactions of biomacromolecules for developing biocompatible and eco-friendly devices.

How to Overcome the Antibiotic Crisis

How to Overcome the Antibiotic Crisis Book
Author : Marc Stadler,Petra Dersch
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-21
ISBN : 3319492845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on antibiotics research, a field of topical significance for human health due to the worrying increase of nosocomial infections caused by multi-resistant bacteria. It covers several basic aspects, such as the evolution of antibiotic resistance and the influence of antibiotics on the gut microbiota, and addresses the search for novel pathogenicity blockers as well as historical aspects of antibiotics. Further topics include applied aspects, such as drug discovery based on biodiversity and genome mining, optimization of lead structures by medicinal chemistry, total synthesis and drug delivery technologies. Moreover, the development of vaccines as a valid alternative therapeutic approach is outlined, while the importance of epidemiological studies on important bacterial pathogens, the problems arising from the excessive use of antibiotics in animal breeding, and the development of innovative technologies for diagnosing the “bad bugs” are discussed in detail. Accordingly, the book will appeal to researchers and clinicians alike.

Developmental State And Millennium Development Goals Country Experiences

Developmental State And Millennium Development Goals  Country Experiences Book
Author : Roy Kartik C,Kar Sandip
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2018-04-05
ISBN : 9813235292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prior to the 2016 Sustainable Development Goals, the United Nations (UN) had eight "global goals" set out to all 191 UN member states at that time, and at least 22 international organizations. Seven out of the eight United National Millennium Development Goals are social goals. The attainment of such goals would require a substantial proportion of public sector expenditure. Without a robust rate of economic growth, whatever is achieved cannot be sustainable. Developmental State and Millennium Development Goals argues that this is the main reason why some of the largest developing countries fell short in achieving the goals. Contents: Realising Millennium Development Goals: A Case of Making the State Look Globally Powerful (Kartik Roy) The Interventionist State in the Attainment of Developmental Goals (Kartik Roy and Yogesh Vansiya) From Quasi-educated Unskilled Labour to Skill Endowed Human Capital: A Firm Level Experience in India (Sandip Kar) Eradication of Extreme Poverty: A Regional Experience in Provincial India (Hemali Desai) Gender-based Inequality in India: An Inter-state Analysis (Sarita Agrawal) Trade Governance in Emerging States Under Global Trade Partnership (Kartik Roy) Trade for Economic Development in Sub-Saharan (Eastern) Africa: A Critical Commentary (Katarzyna Ann Nawrot) Improving Competitiveness and Economic Development Through FDI (Ivana Domazet) Tourism in the Realisation of India's Developmental Goals (Gaurang Dattubhai Rami) From Stockholm Declaration to Millennium Development Goals: The United Nation's Journey to Environmental Sustainability (Choy Yee Keong) Between Development and Sustainability: Adaptation Strategies for China and Indonesia (James Ferguson and Rosita Dellios) Geopolitics of Development: Opportunities for China and India (Rosita Dellios and James Ferguson) Shadow Economy and Corruption: India, China and Brazil (Kartik Roy) Effort to Realise Developmental Goals: Lessons Learnt (Kartik Roy) Readership: Advance undergraduates taking developmental economics modules and researchers considering the sustainability of the SGDs and MDGs. Keywords: MDG;SDG;Millenium Developmental Goals;Sustainable Development Goals;United Nations;UN;Developmental EconomicsReview:0

Global Environmental Sustainability

Global Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : Choy Yee Keong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-31
ISBN : 0128224134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Environmental Sustainability: Case Studies and Analysis of the United Nations’ Journey toward Sustainable Development presents an integrated, interdisciplinary analysis of sustainable development, addressing global environmental problems in the contemporary world. It critically examines current actions being taken on global and local scales, particularly in relation to the UN’s efforts to promote sustainable development. This approach is supported by empirical analysis, drawing upon a host of interweaving insights spanning economics, politics, ecology, environmental philosophy, and ethics, among others. As a result, it offers a comprehensive and well-balanced assessment of the overall perspective of sustainable development supported by in-depth content analysis, theoretical evaluation, empirical and actual case studies premised on solid data, and actual field work. Also, the book marks a milestone in placing the Covid-19 pandemic into a perspective for understanding the universality of human collective environmental behavior and action. By utilizing in-depth analysis, both quantitative and qualitative, and challenging the status quo of what is expected in the global approach to sustainable development, Global Environmental Sustainability provides the theory and methodology of empirical sustainable development which is especially germane to our advanced society today, which is deeply entrenched in a crisis of environmental morality. More particularly, it serves as a salient source of moral reconstitution of society grounded in empirical reality to liberate man’s excessive spirit of individualism and self-aggrandizement to the detriment of the environment. Epistemologically, the book furnishes a remarkable tour de force with a new level of analytical insight to help researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in sustainability and environmental science, as well as the many other disciplines involved in sustainable development, to better understand sustainability from a new perspective and provides a methodological direction to pursue solutions going forward. Provides a systematic exposition of sustainable development in all its complexity, with all the chapters complementing each other in an integral way Presents extensive empirical evidence of various environmental problems across the world including China, the United States, Canada, Southeast Asia, South America and Africa, and the extent to which the United Nations has succeeded in driving toward global environmental sustainability Provides a cogent examination of the treatment of our global commons by some of the world’s most powerful leaders Includes data from field studies and in-depth interviews with indigenous people in Borneo’s rainforests of the Malaysian state of Sarawak most affected by environmental change

Agriculture and the Environment

Agriculture and the Environment Book
Author : Noel D. Uri
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9781560726548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural chemical use and soil and water quality degradation associated with agricultural production are significant among the environmental problems confronting the United States. In fact, these are now perceived as environmental problems comparable to other environmental problems such as air quality deterioration and the release of toxic pollutants from industrial sources. While the growth of agricultural chemical use is an integral part of the technological revolution in agriculture that has generated major changes in production techniques, uncertainties about the health effects of agricultural chemicals are very important concerns. Severe soil degradation from erosion, compaction, or salinization can destroy the productive capacity of the soil. It can also impair water quality from sediment and agricultural chemicals. This book looks at both of these significant issues - the relationship between agricultural chemical use and the environment and the relationship between soil and water quality degradation associated with agricultural production in the environment.

Silent Spring

Silent Spring Book
Author : Rachel Carson
Publisher : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780618249060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses the reckless annihilation of fish and birds by the use of pesticides and warns of the possible genetic effects on humans.

Rethinking Food and Agriculture

Rethinking Food and Agriculture Book
Author : Ammir Kassam,Laila Kassam
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-18
ISBN : 0128164115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the central role of the food and agriculture system in driving so many of the connected ecological, social and economic threats and challenges we currently face, Rethinking Food and Agriculture reviews, reassesses and reimagines the current food and agriculture system and the narrow paradigm in which it operates. Rethinking Food and Agriculture explores and uncovers some of the key historical, ethical, economic, social, cultural, political, and structural drivers and root causes of unsustainability, degradation of the agricultural environment, destruction of nature, short-comings in science and knowledge systems, inequality, hunger and food insecurity, and disharmony. It reviews efforts towards ‘sustainable development’, and reassesses whether these efforts have been implemented with adequate responsibility, acceptable societal and environmental costs and optimal engagement to secure sustainability, equity and justice. The book highlights the many ways that farmers and their communities, civil society groups, social movements, development experts, scientists and others have been raising awareness of these issues, implementing solutions and forging ‘new ways forward’, for example towards paradigms of agriculture, natural resource management and human nutrition which are more sustainable and just. Rethinking Food and Agriculture proposes ways to move beyond the current limited view of agro-ecological sustainability towards overall sustainability of the food and agriculture system based on the principle of ‘inclusive responsibility’. Inclusive responsibility encourages ecosystem sustainability based on agro-ecological and planetary limits to sustainable resource use for production and livelihoods. Inclusive responsibility also places importance on quality of life, pluralism, equity and justice for all and emphasises the health, well-being, sovereignty, dignity and rights of producers, consumers and other stakeholders, as well as of nonhuman animals and the natural world. Explores some of the key drivers and root causes of unsustainability , degradation of the agricultural environment and destruction of nature Highlights the many ways that different stakeholders have been forging 'new ways forward' towards alternative paradigms of agriculture, human nutrition and political economy, which are more sustainable and just Proposes ways to move beyong the current unsustainable exploitation of natural resources towards agroecological sustainability and overall sustainability of the food and agriculture system based on 'inclusive responsibility'

Stream Ecology

Stream Ecology Book
Author : J. David Allan,María M. Castillo,Krista A. Capps
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-17
ISBN : 3030612864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stream Ecology: Structure and Function of Running Waters is designed to serve as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and as a reference source for specialists in stream ecology and related fields. This Third Edition is thoroughly updated and expanded to incorporate significant advances in our understanding of environmental factors, biological interactions, and ecosystem processes, and how these vary with hydrological, geomorphological, and landscape setting. The broad diversity of running waters – from torrential mountain brooks, to large, lowland rivers, to great river systems whose basins occupy sub-continents – makes river ecosystems appear overwhelming complex. A central theme of this book is that although the settings are often unique, the processes at work in running waters are general and increasingly well understood. Even as our scientific understanding of stream ecosystems rapidly advances, the pressures arising from diverse human activities continue to threaten the health of rivers worldwide. This book presents vital new findings concerning human impacts, and the advances in pollution control, flow management, restoration, and conservation planning that point to practical solutions. Reviews of the first edition: ".. an unusually lucid and judicious reassessment of the state of stream ecology" Science Magazine "..provides an excellent introduction to the area for advanced undergraduates and graduate students..." Limnology & Oceanography "... a valuable reference for all those interested in the ecology of running waters." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society Reviews of the second edition: "Overall, a must for the field centre and a good starter text in stream ecology." (TEN News, October, 2007) "Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty." (P. R. Pinet, CHOICE, Vol. 45 (7), 2008) "... a very good, fluidly readable book which contains the latest key scientific knowledge of the ecology of running waters." (Daniel Graeber, International Review of Hydrobiology, Vol. 94 (2), 2009)

Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Agriculture and Vegetation

Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Agriculture and Vegetation Book
Author : Simone Pascucci,Stefano Pignatti,Raffaele Casa,Roshanak Darvishzadeh,Wenjiang Huang
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-20
ISBN : 3039439073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows recent and innovative applications of the use of hyperspectral technology for optimal quantification of crop, vegetation, and soil biophysical variables at various spatial scales, which can be an important aspect in agricultural management practices and monitoring. The articles collected inside the book are intended to help researchers and farmers involved in precision agriculture techniques and practices, as well as in plant nutrient prediction, to a higher comprehension of strengths and limitations of the application of hyperspectral imaging to agriculture and vegetation. Hyperspectral remote sensing for studying agriculture and natural vegetation is a challenging research topic that will remain of great interest for different sciences communities in decades.

Farming Systems and Poverty

Farming Systems and Poverty Book
Author : John A. Dixon,David P. Gibbon,Aidan Gulliver,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9789251046272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A joint FAO and World Bank study which shows how the farming systems approach can be used to identify priorities for the reduction of hunger and poverty in the main farming systems of the six major developing regions of the world.

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on a Framework for Assessing the Health, Environmental, and Social Effects of the Food System
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2015-06-17
ISBN : 030930783X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How we produce and consume food has a bigger impact on Americans' well-being than any other human activity. The food industry is the largest sector of our economy; food touches everything from our health to the environment, climate change, economic inequality, and the federal budget. From the earliest developments of agriculture, a major goal has been to attain sufficient foods that provide the energy and the nutrients needed for a healthy, active life. Over time, food production, processing, marketing, and consumption have evolved and become highly complex. The challenges of improving the food system in the 21st century will require systemic approaches that take full account of social, economic, ecological, and evolutionary factors. Policy or business interventions involving a segment of the food system often have consequences beyond the original issue the intervention was meant to address. A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System develops an analytical framework for assessing effects associated with the ways in which food is grown, processed, distributed, marketed, retailed, and consumed in the United States. The framework will allow users to recognize effects across the full food system, consider all domains and dimensions of effects, account for systems dynamics and complexities, and choose appropriate methods for analysis. This report provides example applications of the framework based on complex questions that are currently under debate: consumption of a healthy and safe diet, food security, animal welfare, and preserving the environment and its resources. A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System describes the U.S. food system and provides a brief history of its evolution into the current system. This report identifies some of the real and potential implications of the current system in terms of its health, environmental, and socioeconomic effects along with a sense for the complexities of the system, potential metrics, and some of the data needs that are required to assess the effects. The overview of the food system and the framework described in this report will be an essential resource for decision makers, researchers, and others to examine the possible impacts of alternative policies or agricultural or food processing practices.