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Site Specific And Global Epigenomic Editing

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Site Specific and Global Epigenomic Editing

Site Specific and Global Epigenomic Editing Book
Author : Feng C Zhou
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-06-15
ISBN : 9780128193983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, alongside the largely popularized advances in human genome editing and CRISPR-cas9-driven therapeutics, epigenomic editing has made strong strides, though a clear understanding is still forming in the field of the exact role that epigenetics play in pathogenesis, the full range of sites for possible epigenetic modification, and the potential to target these sites to modulate disease progression. Key questions for researchers embarking in this field include: Which of the hundreds of epigenomic marks and features are relevant, and which of those are likely to serve a role in regulating gene expression, cell behavior, and phenotypic outcomes? This volume is the first to provide a thorough, conceptual introduction to the field of epigenetic regulation and a thorough accounting of sites for possible epigenetic edits and disease modulation. Protocols, and applied case studies examine early disease targets and likely pathways of therapeutic significance, while also outlining common challenges in the field, and the addressing the range of bioethical questions that come with altering phenotypes. This book addresses its topic in a comprehensive, but accessible manner, highlighting practical tools and burning questions remaining in the field to enable fresh research. Offers a full, conceptual and applied framework for implementing epigenomic editing in biological research and drug discovery Discusses fundamental theory, experimental design, and applied approaches alongside common research challenges and bioethical concerns Examines epigenomic editing's potential role in modulation of developmental, neuropsychiatric, and immunological disorders, as well as viral infections and cancer

Targeted Genome Editing Using Site Specific Nucleases

Targeted Genome Editing Using Site Specific Nucleases Book
Author : Takashi Yamamoto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-05
ISBN : 4431552278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as an introduction to targeted genome editing, beginning with the background of this rapidly developing field and methods for generation of engineered nucleases. Applications of genome editing tools are then described in detail, in iPS cells and diverse organisms such as mice, rats, marine invertebrates, fish, frogs, and plants. Tools that are mentioned include zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and CRISPR/Cas9, all of which have received much attention in recent years as breakthrough technologies. Genome editing with engineered nucleases allows us to precisely change the target genome of living cells and is a powerful way to control functional genes. It is feasible in almost all organisms ranging from bacteria to plants and animals, as well as in cultured cells such as ES and iPS cells. Various genome modifications have proven successful, including gene knockout and knock-in experiments with targeting vectors and chromosomal editing. Genome editing technologies hold great promise for the future, for example in biomedical research, clinical medicine, and generation of crops and livestock with desirable traits. A wide range of readers will find this book interesting, and with its focus on applications in a variety of organisms and cells, the book will be valuable for life scientists in all fields.

Chromatin and Epigenetics

Chromatin and Epigenetics Book
Author : Colin Logie,Tobias Aurelius Knoch
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-01-29
ISBN : 1789844924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics has gathered broad public attention since Lamarck put forward his top-down hypothesis of 'motivated change' in 1809 in his famous book "Philosophie Zoologique" and even more so since Darwin published his famous bottom-up theory of natural selection in "The Origin of Species" in 1859. The public awareness culminated in the much anticipated race to decipher the sequence of the human genome in 2002. Over all those years, it has become apparent that genomic DNA is compacted into chromatin with a dedicated 3D higher-order organization and dynamics, and that on each structural level epigenetic modifications exist. The book "Chromatin and Epigenetics" addresses current issues in the fields of epigenetics and chromatin ranging from more theoretical overviews in the first four chapters to much more detailed methodologies and insights into diagnostics and treatments in the following chapters. The chapters illustrate in their depth and breadth that genetic information is stored on all structural and dynamical levels within the nucleus with corresponding modifications of functional relevance. Thus, only an integrative systems approach allows to understand, treat, and manipulate the holistic interplay of genotype and phenotype creating functional genomes. The book chapters therefore contribute to this general perspective, not only opening opportunities for a true universal view on genetic information but also being key for a general understanding of genomes, their function, as well as life and evolution in general.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome Editing Book
Author : Albert Jeltsch,Marianne G. Rots
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2018-03-10
ISBN : 9781493977734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This detailed book explores the concepts and applications of epigenome editing, as presented by leading scientists in the field. Beginning with some general and topical reviews, the collection continues by covering the design of DNA-binding devices, optimization of the effector domains, readout of epigenome marks, and approaches for delivery at the cellular and organismal level. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Epigenome Editing: Methods and Protocols will be of great assistance to people new to the field but also to those already engaged, as epigenetic editing is still a relatively unexplored field with many issues to be resolved.

Quantitative Genetics Genomics and Plant Breeding 2nd Edition

Quantitative Genetics  Genomics and Plant Breeding  2nd Edition Book
Author : Manjit S. Kang
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2020-04-01
ISBN : 1789240212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents state-of-the-art, authoritative chapters on contemporary issues in the broad areas of quantitative genetics, genomics and plant breeding. Section 1 (Chapters 2 to 12) emphasizes the application of genomics, and genome and epigenome editing techniques, in plant breeding; bioinformatics; quantitative trait loci mapping; and the latest approaches of examining and exploiting genotype-environment interactions. Section 2 (Chapters 13 to 20) represents the intersection of breeding, genetics and genomics. This section describes the use of cutting-edge molecular breeding and quantitative genetics techniques in wheat, rice, maize, root and tuber crops and pearl millet. Overall, the book focuses on using genomic information to help evaluate traits that can combat biotic/abiotic stresses, genome-wide association mapping, high-throughput genotyping/phenotyping, biofortification, use of big data, orphan crops, and gene editing techniques. The examples featured are taken from across crop science research and cover a wide geographical base.

CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues

CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues Book
Author : Stephen H. Tsang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-20
ISBN : 0128178779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues focuses uniquely on the clinical applications of CRISPR/Cas9 based technology. Topics include the latest advances in gene editing and its translational applications to various diseases, including retinal degenerative disease, recessively inherited diseases, and dominantly inherited diseases, to name a few. The book's target audience includes researchers, students, clinicians and the general public. This space that is not currently served by any existing resource, so this publication fills a gap in current literature. Provides a thorough review of CRISPR-Cas9, from discovery to therapy Covers the latest advances in gene editing and its translational applications to various diseases Written by global leaders in the fields of gene editing and stem cell therapy

DNA Methyltransferases Role and Function

DNA Methyltransferases   Role and Function Book
Author : Albert Jeltsch,Renata Z. Jurkowska
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-08
ISBN : 3319436244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

DNA methyltransferases are important enzymes in a broad range of organisms. Dysfunction of DNA methyltransferases in humans leads to many severe diseases, including cancer. This book focuses on the biochemical properties of these enzymes, describing their structures and mechanisms in bacteria, humans and other species, including plants, and also explains the biological processes of reading of DNA methylation and DNA demethylation. It covers many emerging aspects of the biological roles of DNA methylation functioning as an essential epigenetic mark and describes the role of DNA methylation in diseases. Moreover, the book explains modern technologies, like targeted rewriting of DNA methylation by designed DNA methyltransferases, as well as technological applications of DNA methyltransferases in DNA labelling. Finally, the book summarizes recent methods for the analysis of DNA methylation in human DNA. Overall, this book represents a comprehensive state-of-the-art- work and is a must-have for advanced researchers in the field of DNA methylation and epigenetics.

Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases Editor s Pick 2021

Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases Editor s Pick 2021 Book
Author : Bruce Miller
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-09-28
ISBN : 2889713938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases Editor s Pick 2021 book written by Bruce Miller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reprogramming the Genome CRISPR Cas based Human Disease Therapy

Reprogramming the Genome  CRISPR Cas based Human Disease Therapy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-12
ISBN : 0323853242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reprogramming the Genome: CRISPR-Cas-based Human Disease Therapy, presents the collation of chapters written by eminent scientists worldwide. CRISPR-Cas9 is a key technology for targeted genome editing and regulation in a number of organisms including mammalian cells. It is a rapid, simple, and cost-effective solution. CRISPR-Cas system has recently gained much scientific and public attention. This volume covers CRISPR-Cas9 based mammalian genome editing, creating disease models, cancer therapy, neurological, heredity, blood disorders, defective gene correction, stem cells therapy, epigenetic modifications, patents, ethics, biosafety and regulatory issues challenges and opportunities. This book is a key source of information on mammalian genome editing available in a single volume. This book will be useful for beginners in mammalian genome editing and also students, researchers, scientists, policymakers, clinicians and stakeholders interested in genome editing in several areas. Offers basic understanding and a clear picture of mammalian genome editing through CRISPR-Cas systems Discusses how to create mammalian disease models, stem cell modification, epigenetic modifications, correction of defective gene in blood disorders, heredity, neurological disorders and many more Discusses the application of CRISPR-Cas9 systems in basic sciences, biomedicine, molecular biology, translational sciences, neurobiology, neurology, cancer, stem cells, and many more

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-06
ISBN : 0128145145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases, written by leading scientists in this evolving field, provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases. In particular, the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, for example, DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA, are summarized, in the context of human diseases. This book discusses bioinformatics methods for epigenetic analysis specifically applied to human conditions such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, liver and autoimmune disorders, and reproductive and respiratory diseases. Additionally, different organ cancers, such as breast, lung, and colon, are discussed. This book is a valuable source for graduate students and researchers in genetics and bioinformatics, and several biomedical field members interested in applying computational epigenetics in their research. Provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases Summarizes the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA Covers the major milestones and future directions of computational epigenetics in various kinds of human diseases such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes, heart disease, neurological disorders, cancers, blood disorders, liver diseases, reproductive diseases, respiratory diseases, autoimmune diseases, human imprinting disorders, and infectious diseases

Epigenetics Methods

Epigenetics Methods Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 0128194154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the field of epigenetics has grown significantly, driving new understanding of human developmental processes and disease expression, as well as advances in diagnostics and therapeutics. As the field of epigenetics continues to grow, methods and technologies have multiplied, resulting in a wide range of approaches and tools researchers might employ. Epigenetics Methods offers comprehensive instruction in methods, protocols, and experimental approaches applied in field of epigenetics. Here, across thirty-five chapters, specialists offer step-by-step overviews of methods used to study various epigenetic mechanisms, as employed in basic and translational research. Leading the reader from fundamental to more advanced methods, the book begins with thorough instruction in DNA methylation techniques and gene or locus-specific methylation analyses, followed by histone modification methods, chromatin evaluation, enzyme analyses of histone methylation, and studies of non-coding RNAs as epigenetic modulators. Recently developed techniques and technologies discussed include single-cell epigenomics, epigenetic editing, computational epigenetics, systems biology epigenetic methods, and forensic epigenetic approaches. Epigenetics methods currently in-development, and their implication for future research, are also considered in-depth. In addition, as with the wider life sciences, reproducibility across experiments, labs, and subdisciplines is a growing issue for epigenetics researchers. This volume provides consensus-driven methods instruction and overviews. Tollefsbol and contributing authors survey the range of existing methods; identify best practices, common themes, and challenges; and bring unity of approach to a diverse and ever-evolving field. Includes contributions by leading international investigators involved in epigenetic research and clinical and therapeutic application Integrates technology and translation with fundamental chapters on epigenetics methods, as well as chapters on more novel and advanced epigenetics methods Written at verbal and technical levels that can be understood by scientists and students alike Includes chapters on state-of-the-art techniques such as single-cell epigenomics, use of CRISPR/Cas9 for epigenetic editing, and epigenetics methods applied to forensics

Neuroepigenomics in Aging and Disease

Neuroepigenomics in Aging and Disease Book
Author : Raul Delgado-Morales
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 3319538896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic mechanisms (DNA modifications, histone alterations and non-coding RNAs) are crucial for transcriptional regulation and alterations of the “physiological epigenome” are increasingly associated with human diseases. During the last decade the emerging field of neuroepigenomics have started to impact tremendously in areas such learning and memory, addiction or neurodegeneration. This expert volume covers the role of epigenetic molecular mechanism in regulation of central nervous system’s function, one of the most exciting areas of contemporary molecular neuroscience. The book describes the current knowledge on the epigenetic basis of human disease covering the complete lifespan: from neurodevelopment/childhood (Rett Syndrome, Rubinstein-Taybi, autism), adolescence (eating disorders, drug addiction, anxiety), adulthood (depression, schizophrenia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington’s disease) and elderly (Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease). The book also covers the three major players on neuroepigenomic mechanisms: histones alterations, DNA modifications and non-coding RNAs, their roles at the molecular and cellular level and the impact of their alterations on neuronal function and behavior. Finally, a special chapter on state-of-the-art technologies helps the reader not only to understand epigenetic driven changes in human cognition and diseases but also the methodology that will help to generate paradigm shifts on our understanding of brain function and the role of the neuroepigenome in human diseases.

Mutation Specific Gene Editing for Blood Disorders

Mutation Specific Gene Editing for Blood Disorders Book
Author : Carsten Werner Lederer,Pietro Genovese,Annarita Miccio,Sjaak Philipsen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-11-25
ISBN : 2889716880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Miccio holds patents related to viral gene delivery vectors. The Topic Editors acknowledge the use of image material from kindpng.com and from Crystal and Annie Spratt on unsplash.com.

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells Book
Author : Fumiaki Uchiumi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-02-28
ISBN : 9535138677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sixty years after the "central dogma," great achievements have been developed in molecular biology. We have also learned the important functions of noncoding RNAs and epigenetic regulations. More importantly, whole genome sequencing and transcriptome analyses enabled us to diagnose specific diseases. This book is not only intended for students and researchers working in laboratory but also physicians and pharmacists. This volume consists of 14 chapters, divided into 4 parts. Each chapter is written by experts investigating biological stresses, epigenetic regulation, and functions of transcription factors in human diseases. All articles presented in this volume by excellent investigators provide new insights into the studies in transcriptional control in mammalian cells and will inspire us to develop or establish novel therapeutics against human diseases.

Molecular Breeding in Wheat Maize and Sorghum

Molecular Breeding in Wheat  Maize and Sorghum Book
Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Mobashwer Alam,Saman Seneweera,Sujay Rakshit,Robert J. Henry
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2021-06-30
ISBN : 1789245435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global population is projected to reach almost 10 billion by 2050, and food and feed production will need to increase by 70%. Wheat, maize and sorghum are three key cereals which provide nutrition for the majority of the world's population. Their production is affected by various abiotic stresses which cause significant yield losses. The effects of climate change also increase the frequency and severity of such abiotic stresses. Molecular breeding technologies offer real hope for improving crop yields. Although significant progress has been made over the last few years, there is still a need to bridge the large gap between yields in the most favorable and most stressful conditions.

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1 Book
Author : Anirudh Kumar,Rakesh Kumar,Pawan Shukla,Manish K. Pandey
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-13
ISBN : 9811608318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasing world population, unpredictable climate and various kind of biotic and abiotic stresses necessitate the sustainable increase in crop production through developing improved cultivars possessing enhanced genetic resilience against all odds. An exploration of these challenges and near possible solution to improve yield is addressed in this book. It comprehensively and coherently reviews the application of various aspect of rapidly growing omics technology including genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics for crop development. It provides detailed examination of how omics can help crop science and introduces the benefits of using these technologies to enhance crop production, resistance and other values. It also provides platform to ponder upon the integrative approach of omics to deal with complex biological problems. The book highlights crop improvement such as yield enhancement, biotic and abiotic resistance, genetic modification, bioremediation, food security etc. It explores how the different omics technology independently and collectively would be used to improve the quantitative and qualitative traits of crop plants. The book is useful for graduate and post-graduate students of life science including researchers who are keen to know about the application of omics technologies in the different area of plant science. This book is also an asset to the modern plant breeders, and agriculture biotechnologist.

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Book
Author : Tariq Aftab,Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 0128227753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Growing consumer interest in organic and herbal-based products has led to great demand in the botanicals industry in the past few years. However, the growing number of products utilizing medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) has threatened an estimated 9,000 medicinal plant species worldwide, making it critical to reevaluate their research and development, production, and utilization. Continuing advances in Omics methodologies and instrumentation are essential to understanding how plants cope with the dynamic nature of their growing environment, how yields and characteristics can be improved, and how to most effectively direct conservation efforts. With a focus on metabolomics, genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics, and more, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Expanding Their Horizons through Omics illustrates the genetic mechanisms of MAPs, providing a better understanding of MAPs conservation and methods to improve characteristics for medical applications. With an introduction on the role of MAPs in human health, subsequent chapters discuss using proteomics to increase MAP yields and plant quality, genome editing, and CRISPR/Cas9. A valuable resource for farmers, scientists, chemists, biochemists, pharmacists, and students interested in medicinal and aromatic plants and plant biology, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Expanding Their Horizons through Omics ensures readers have the background knowledge to put the necessary methodologies into practice themselves. Includes in-depth analysis of Omics technologies for the enhancement of MAPs Discusses applications of MAPs including their role in human health Written by world-wide leading experts in the field

Genetic and Epigenetic Control on Immune Responses Regulating Molecules in Cancer Development Progression and Treatment

Genetic and Epigenetic Control on Immune Responses Regulating Molecules in Cancer Development  Progression  and Treatment Book
Author : Katherine Chiappinelli,Alejandro Villagra,Lidia Karabon
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 2889717305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Genetic and Epigenetic Control on Immune Responses Regulating Molecules in Cancer Development Progression and Treatment book written by Katherine Chiappinelli,Alejandro Villagra,Lidia Karabon, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Past Present and Future Trends in Cotton Breeding

Past  Present and Future Trends in Cotton Breeding Book
Author : Mehboob-Ur- Rahman,Yusuf Zafar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-05-02
ISBN : 1789230764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cotton, a source of natural fiber for textile industry, has a long breeding history aiming at increasing cotton fiber yield and its quality. Newly developed cotton varieties poorly respond in low-input environments. Secondly, the impact of changing climate may threaten the cotton production in the future. To address these challenges, efforts toward the development of resilient cotton varieties have been initiated using genetic and modern genomic approaches. In this book, research updates on cotton fiber types and properties, DNA markers for selecting desirable cotton plants, and cotton fiber genomics were compiled. Also, the modern breeding trends including development of transgenic cotton and the biosafety studies and possibilities of improving cotton genome using modern genome editing tools were also compressively discussed.

CRISPR Cas Systems

CRISPR Cas Systems Book
Author : Rodolphe Barrangou,John van der Oost
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-13
ISBN : 364234657X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CRISPR/Cas is a recently described defense system that protects bacteria and archaea against invasion by mobile genetic elements such as viruses and plasmids. A wide spectrum of distinct CRISPR/Cas systems has been identified in at least half of the available prokaryotic genomes. On-going structural and functional analyses have resulted in a far greater insight into the functions and possible applications of these systems, although many secrets remain to be discovered. In this book, experts summarize the state of the art in this exciting field.