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Sirtuin Biology In Cancer And Metabolic Disease

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Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease Book
Author : Kenneth Maiese
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 0128224673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery fills a significant void that provides a unique resource for elucidating the most recent research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities. Scientists, physicians, students and pharmaceutical industry researchers from diverse backgrounds will use this reference as the "go-to resource” for both the biology and medical applications that focus upon sirtuins. As sirtuins play an intricate role in the pathology, progression and treatment of several disease entities ranging from metabolic disease and diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, to reproductive dysfunction, and aging-related disorders, this book provides an ideal update on the topic. Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins and their broad applicability for sirtuin biology to be targeted for multiple medical disease entities Elucidates the research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities Summarizes the multi-discipline views and publications for this diverse topic, covering cell development, cancer and metabolism

Sirtuins

Sirtuins Book
Author : Riekelt Houtkooper
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-19
ISBN : 9789402409611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sirtuin family of proteins (SIRT1-7) received a lot of attention in recent years as they serve as metabolic sensors that control not only metabolism, but also aging and lifespan regulation. As such, sirtuins are strong targets for the treatment of age-related metabolic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and cancer. Indeed, many research groups as well as pharmaceutical companies discovered food components and/or drugs that target the sirtuins and provide significant health benefits. This book focuses on various aspects of sirtuin biology, from basic biochemistry, via molecular function, to its role in (fighting) human disease.

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease Book
Author : Kenneth Maiese
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-20
ISBN : 0128224843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery offers a compelling and thought-provoking perspective for the examination of the intriguing biology of sirtuins that ties cancer and metabolic disease together and provides a critical platform for the development of sirtuin-based novel therapeutic strategies to effectively treat cancer and metabolic disorders with precision in order to minimize any potentially detrimental clinical outcomes. An exciting prospect for the development of innovative therapeutics for cancer and metabolic disorders involves sirtuins. Sirtuins are histone deacetylases that have an intricate role in the onset and development of cancer and metabolic disease. Implementing a translational medicine format, this innovative reference highlights the ability of sirtuins to oversee critical pathways that involve stem cell maintenance, cellular proliferation, metabolic homeostasis, apoptosis, and autophagy that can impact cellular dysfunction and unchecked cellular growth that can occur during cancer and metabolic disease. Each chapter offers an intuitive perspective of advances on the application of sirtuin pathways for cancer and metabolic disease that will be become a "go-to" resource for a broad audience of scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who elucidate the intimate relationship between cancer and metabolic disease that intersects with sirtuin pathways Presents the basic and clinical role of sirtuins in regard to cancer and metabolic disease Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for this exciting field of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments for cancer and metabolic disease Provides a vital foundation for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease Book
Author : Tiago F. Outeiro,Aleksey G. Kazantsev
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-09-25
ISBN : 9782889191178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sirtuins comprise a family of NAD+-dependent enzymes that have been shown to impact longevity in a number of eukaryotic organisms. Sir2 (Silent Information Regulator 2) was the first sirtuin protein discovered. The discovery that Sir2 requires NAD+ for its activity suggested a link between Sir2 activity and the phenomenon of caloric restriction in prolonging longevity. This link was strengthened by the observation that lifespan extension by caloric restriction requires Sir2 protein. Under conditions of caloric restriction, NAD+ levels are high, Sir2 is activated, and the rate of aging is decreased. These effects have been replicated in invertebrate organisms, where a close structural and functional homologue of Sir2 was found in C. elegans and Drosophila. The sirtuin-dependent effects on metabolism and ageing, observed in lower organisms, have ignited intensive investigation of their biological and therapeutic roles in mammals. There are seven known mammalian sirtuins, SIRTs 1-7, the most studied of which is SIRT1, a close structural and functional homologue of yeast Sir2. Enhancement of organismal longevity and other health-promoting effects of mammalian SIRT1 have frequently been attributed to the regulation of metabolism. A recognized molecular link between metabolism and aging stimulated a firestorm of investigations, aiming to combat metabolic and age-dependent human diseases. It has become clear, however, that the sirtuin family of proteins regulates a diverse repertoire of cellular functions in mammals. Mounting evidence implicating SIRT1 in important clinical indications, such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular dysfunction and neurodegenerative disease, suggest that modality as attractive therapeutic target. Subsequently, drug discovery and development, targeting sirtuin activation, has been intensified in the recent years. Despite rapid progress and accumulation of new data, the biological roles of other mammalian sirtuins have been less studied and remain poorly understood. There are several important questions that remain to be addressed. What are the functions of sirtuins in different cell types and tissues? Are all sirtuins involved in the regulation of metabolism and aging? What is the functional relationship between different sirtuins? What are the mechanisms of regulation of sirtuin activities? What is the role of sirtuins in disease and therapy? This issue aims to address these and other critical questions, relevant to Research Topic on sirtuin biology and therapeutics. To that end the issue solicits expert opinions of sirtuin research on structural biology, biochemistry, cell biology, animal genetics, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and drug discovery, and on areas of investigation studying human conditions, like diabetes, cancer, cardio-vascular, and neutodegeneration. Of particular interest are the new methods and assays to study sirtuins in various organisms and developing sirtuin-based therapeutics. Furthermore, we propose to encourage contributors to discuss new concepts and paradigms, and to express their perspectives on the future development of the sirtuin research field. Altogether, we believe this issue provides a unique opportunity for comprehensive and diverse coverage of the topic, and will be of broad interest for the journal’s readership.

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology Aging and Disease

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology  Aging  and Disease Book
Author : Leonard Guarente,Raul Mostoslavsky,Aleksey Kazantsev
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 012813500X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology and Disease provides key insights for scientists and advanced students who need to understand sirtuins and the current research in this field. This book is ideal for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses. Sirtuins are a diverse family of proteins, with several members in mammals. The functional diversity of sirtuins is rather broad, and they have been implicated in various central biological processes. Thus, they are also highly relevant in the context of various human diseases, from cancer to neurodegeneration. Covers both the general and specific aspects of sirtuin proteins and their role in biology, aging and disease Presents a top quality collection of leading experts who contribute on a wide range of sirtuin-related topics Ideal resource for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine Book
Author : Kenneth Maiese
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-04
ISBN : 0128141190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine: Targeting New Avenues of Care in Development, Aging, and Disease provides a fascinating and in-depth analysis of sirtuins in the body during normal physiology as well during disease highlighting the targeting of sirtuin-controlled pathways for the development of innovative, efficacious, and safe therapeutic strategies for multiple disorders in the body that ultimately can affect lifespan extension. Sirtuins are expressed throughout the body, have broad biological effects, and can significantly impact both cellular survival and longevity during acute and long-term illnesses. These histone deacetylases play an intricate role in the pathology, progression, and treatment of several disease entities ranging from neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, reproductive dysfunction, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal disease, drug dependency, and aging-related disorders. Implementing a translational medicine format, this unique reference highlights novel signaling pathways for sirtuins that promote stem cell proliferation, enhance cellular protection, modulate pathways of apoptosis and autophagy, and extend life span. Each chapter is presented with insightful detail that will be of interest and a comprehensive resource to audiences that include scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who discuss the broad role of sirtuins in health and disease Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for the compelling discipline of sirtuins by covering systems throughout the body Serves as an important resource for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Sirtuins in Health and Disease

Sirtuins in Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-03
ISBN : 0128122625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sirtuins in Health and Disease, Volume 154 presents the reactions catalyzed by sirtuins in terms of their unique coenzyme NAD+-dependent catalytic mechanisms, the ways to elucidate these mechanisms, and the design of the inhibitory compounds against the sirtuin-catalyzed reactions as potential therapeutic agents for human diseases. Sections cover the concepts and chemical tools in sirtuin research, SIRT4 and SIRT7, the regulatory effects of NAD metabolic pathways on sirtuin activity, sirtuins as modifiers of Huntington’s Disease (HD) pathology, parasite sirtuins as targets for novel chemotherapeutic agents, targeting sirtuins – substrate specificity and inhibitor design, and chemical probes in sirtuin research. This book focuses on the outstanding issues in the sirtuin field and implications for future sirtuin research. Presents an excellent subject, excellent structural organization, and authoritative contributions from world-renowned scholars in the sirtuin field Provides the latest updates on sirtuins in health and disease

Mechanism based Peptidic and Peptideomimetic Human Sirtuin Inhibitors

Mechanism based Peptidic and Peptideomimetic Human Sirtuin Inhibitors Book
Author : Brett Hirsch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) enzymes or sirtuins are a family of intracellular protein deacetylases that can catalyze the [beta]-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ([beta]-NAD+)-dependent deacetylation of N[epsilon]-acetyl-lysine on protein substrates. These enzymes are evolutionarily conserved among all the three kingdoms of life, with the yeast Sir2 being the founding family member. In humans, seven sirtuins, SIRT1-7, have been identified. Protein acetylation/deacetylation plays a critical role in biological processes such as metabolism, gene transcription, neurodegeneration, apoptosis, the cell-cycle, aging, cell fate, and cytoskeletal organization. The past few years have witnessed a tremendous interest in investigating the unique mechanism for the sirtuin-catalyzed deacetylation reaction. There has also been a great deal of effort invested in the employment of different strategies to identify different types of inhibitors for this enzymatic deacetylation reaction. These inhibitors hold great potential toward a fuller exploration of sirtuin biology and pharmacology as well as toward developing novel therapeutics for metabolic and age-related diseases as well as cancer. This study discovered i) two potent, cell-permeable, and proteolytically stable small molecule human sirtuin inhibitors that harbor the previously identified sirtuin inhibitory acetyl-lysine analog, thioacetyl-lysine; and ii) a novel sirtuin inhibitory warhead, L-2-amino-7-carboxamidoheptanoic acid, that may function both to elucidate the sirtuin mechanism and in the development of new sirtuin inhibition therapies."--Abstract.

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book
Author : Nicolas Musi,Peter Hornsby
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-19
ISBN : 012816283X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Ninth Edition, provides a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest and most important advances and themes in modern biogerontology. The book focuses on the trend of ‘big data’ approaches in the biological sciences, presenting new strategies to analyze, interpret and understand the enormous amounts of information being generated through DNA sequencing, transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomics methodologies applied to aging related problems. Sections cover longevity pathways and interventions that modulate aging, innovative tools that facilitate systems-level approaches to aging research, the mTOR pathway and its importance in age-related phenotypes, and much more. Assists researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings outside their subdiscipline Helps medical, behavioral and social gerontologists understand what basic scientists and clinicians are discovering Includes new chapters on genetics, evolutionary biology, bone aging, and epigenetic control Examines the diverse research being conducted in the study of the biology of aging

Molecular Biology of Aging

Molecular Biology of Aging Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-02-18
ISBN : 0128115335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Biology of Aging, the latest volume in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series, focuses on placental development and disease. Contains contributions from leading authorities on the topic Publishes cutting-edge reviews in molecular biology

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book
Author : Edward J. Masoro,Steven N. Austad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-12-13
ISBN : 9780123786395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Seventh Edition, reviews and synthesizes recent findings and discoveries in the field. This volume is part of The Handbooks of Aging series, which also includes The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging and The Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences. The book is organized into two parts. Part 1 covers basic aging processes. It covers concepts relevant to clinical research, such as muscle, adipose tissue, and stem cells. It discusses research on how dietary restriction can slow down the aging process and extend life in a wide range of species. Part 2 deals with the medical physiology of aging. It contains several chapters on the aging of the human brain. These chapters deal not only with diseases but also with normal aging changes to cerebral vasculature and myelination as well as the clinical implications of those changes. Additional chapters cover how aging affects central features of human health such as insulin secretion, pulmonary and cardiac function, and the ability to maintain body weight and body temperature. The volume is primarily directed at basic researchers who wish to keep abreast of new research outside their own subdiscipline. It will also be useful to medical, behavioral, and social gerontologists who want to learn about the discoveries of basic scientists and clinicians. Contains basic aging processes as determined by animal research as well as medical physiology of aging as known in humans Covers hot areas of research, like stem cells, integrated with longstanding areas of interest in aging like telomeres, mitochondrial function, etc. Edited by one of the fathers of gerontology (Masoro) and contributors represent top scholars in gerintology

Resveratrol State of the art Science And Health Applications Actionable Targets And Mechanisms Of Resveratrol

Resveratrol  State of the art Science And Health Applications   Actionable Targets And Mechanisms Of Resveratrol Book
Author : Joseph M Wu,Tze-chen Hsieh
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 9813270926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resveratrol is a structurally simple, grape-derived polyphenol with seemingly boundless biological activities. The Editors have assembled a group of renowned scientists who have illustrious careers and lifelong passions for studies of this compound. Each chapter covers topics using published and, at times, unpublished data to provide scholarly and comprehensive reviews and perspectives. Several areas with basic clinical and public health interests are highlighted. The book is intended to serve as a text and reference covering recent research findings and clinical applications in the field.The content is presented in several parts: mechanistic leads provided by laboratory studies of resveratrol; cellular and molecular targets of resveratrol; modulation of disease states by resveratrol; virtual leads and drug discovery.

International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology

International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-16
ISBN : 0128124725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology, Volume 332 reviews current advances in cell and molecular biology. The IRCMB series has a worldwide readership, maintaining a high standard by publishing invited articles on important and timely topics that are authored by prominent cell and molecular biologists. The articles published in IRCMB have a high impact and average cited half-life of nine years. This great resource ranks high amongst scientific journals dealing with cell biology. Publishes only invited review articles on selected topics Authored by established and active cell and molecular biologists drawn from international sources Offers a wide range of perspectives on specific subjects

Skin Stress Response Pathways

Skin Stress Response Pathways Book
Author : Georg T. Wondrak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-22
ISBN : 3319431579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is now established that the interplay between environmental exposure and molecular stress response pathways plays a critical role in skin health and disease, and a refined mechanistic understanding of this phenomenon at the molecular level promises to open new avenues for targeted therapeutic strategies that may benefit patients in the near future. Coauthored by recognized international leaders in molecular and clinical biomedical sciences, this novel book provides a comprehensive perspective on environmental exposure-induced skin stress response pathways. Focusing on molecular opportunities targeting skin stress response pathways that are involved in cutaneous barrier function and repair, antimicrobial defense, immune regulation, inflammation, and malignant progression, the book is essential reading for students, basic researchers, and biomedical health care professionals interested in skin health and disease with implications for small molecule therapeutic development.

Brenner and Rector s The Kidney E Book

Brenner and Rector s The Kidney E Book Book
Author : Alan S. L. Yu,Glenn M. Chertow,Valerie Luyckx,Philip A. Marsden,Karl Skorecki,Maarten W. Taal
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2015-10-25
ISBN : 0323262597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overcome the toughest clinical challenges in nephrology with Brenner & Rector’s The Kidney -- the most well-known nephrology resource in the world. A diverse team of more than 200 international contributors brings you the latest knowledge and best practices on every front in nephrology worldwide. From basic science and pathophysiology to clinical best practices, Brenner & Rector’s The Kidney is your go-to resource for any stage of your career. Review of the basic science that underpins clinical nephrology, comprehensive selection of the most important bibliographical sources in nephrology, and Board Review-style questions help you prepare for certification or recertification. Coverage of kidney health and disease from pre-conception through fetal and infant health, childhood, adulthood, and into old age. Expanded sections and chapter on global perspective and ethical considerations. Uniform terminology and nomenclature in line with emerging consensus in world kidney community. More than 700 full-color high-quality photographs as well as carefully chosen figures, algorithms, and tables to illustrate essential concepts, nuances of clinical presentation and technique, and decision making provide a visual grasp and better understanding of critical information. Internationally diverse, trusted guidance and perspectives from a team of well-respected global contributors . An editorial team headed by Dr. Skorecki and handpicked by Dr. Brenner ensures the ongoing adherence to previous standards of excellence. All chapters have been extensively updated or entirely rewritten by authorities in their respective fields. The latest clinical information including recent clinical trials, genetic causes of kidney disease, cardiovascular and renal risk prediction in chronic kidney disease, new paradigms in fluid and electrolyte management, and pediatric kidney disease, keep you current with the rapid development of care and research worldwide.

Forkhead Transcription Factors

Forkhead Transcription Factors Book
Author : Kenneth Maiese
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-29
ISBN : 1441915990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forkhead Transcription Factors: Vital Elements in Biology and Medicine provides a unique platform for the presentation of novel work and new insights into the vital role that forkhead transcription factors play in multiple systems throughout the body. Leading international authorities provide their knowledge and insights to offer a novel perspective for translational medicine that highlights the role of forkhead genes and proteins that may have the greatest impact for the development of new strategies for a broad array of disorders. Equally important, Forkhead Transcription Factors: Vital Elements in Biology and Medicine clearly sets a precedent for the necessity to understand the diverse and complex nature of forkhead proteins since this family of transcription factors can limit as well as foster disease progression depending upon the cellular environment. The presentation and discussion of innovative studies and especially those that examine previously unexplored pathways that may influence clinical survival and longevity offer an exciting approach to address the potential of forkhead transcription factors for new therapeutic avenues in multiple disciplines.

Translational Toxicology and Therapeutics

Translational Toxicology and Therapeutics Book
Author : Michael D. Waters,Claude L. Hughes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 1119023602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by leading research scientists, this book integrates current knowledge of toxicology and human health through coverage of environmental toxicants, genetic / epigenetic mechanisms, and carcinogenicity. Provides information on lifestyle choices that can reduce cancer risk Offers a systematic approach to identify mutagenic, developmental and reproductive toxicants Helps readers develop new animal models and tests to assess toxic impacts of mutation and cancer on human health Explains specific cellular and molecular targets of known toxicants operating through genetic and epigenetic mechanisms

Role of Metabolism in Regulating Immune Cell Fate Decisions

Role of Metabolism in Regulating Immune Cell Fate Decisions Book
Author : Anna Ohradanova-Repic,Marianne Boes,Hannes Stockinger
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-05-26
ISBN : 2889637212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We acknowledge the initiation and support of this Research Topic by the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS). We hereby state publicly that the IUIS has had no editorial input in articles included in this Research Topic, thus ensuring that all aspects of this Research Topic are evaluated objectively, unbiased by any specific policy or opinion of the IUIS.

Biology of Longevity and Aging

Biology of Longevity and Aging Book
Author : Robert Arking
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-12-04
ISBN : 0199387974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest edition of Robert Arking's seminal text on the biology of aging takes on an extended title, since the field of gerontology has advanced to a point at which it is possible to separate the topic into two implicit subsets, longevity and aging. This multi-faceted description of the biology of aging guides the reader through increasingly interesting answers to seven fundamental questions: What is aging? Why do we age? What mechanisms support extended longevity? What determines the onset of senescence? What is the mechanistic basis of senescence? Why do humans live so long? And lastly, what pro-longevity societal interventions are needed? Inevitably, humans will age but there is no reason why we must suffer from age-related diseases. Aging and longevity are dependent on both genes and social environment. Our biology does not forbid the modulation of aging. What we really want to know is not so much about the biology of aging - which is basically a degenerative process - but rather about biological processes underlying the long term maintenance of our health. New chapters incorporate the latest developments in the field of gerontology. Research done since the previous edition was published has given us insight into how we may stay healthier longer.

Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials 2011 Edition

Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464963983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biochemistry and Biomaterials. The editors have built Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biochemistry and Biomaterials in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biochemistry and Biomaterials / 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.