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Silicate Glasses And Melts

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Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts Book
Author : Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-27
ISBN : 0444637095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicate Glasses and Melts, Second Edition describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts from a geological and industrial perspective. Updated sections include (i) characterization of silicate melt and COHN fluid structure (with and without dissolved silicate components) with pressure, temperature, and redox conditions and responses of structural variables to chemical composition, (ii) determination of solubility and solution mechanisms of COHN volatiles in silicate melts and minerals and of solubility and solution mechanisms of silicate components in COHN fluids, and (iii) effects of very high pressure on structure and properties of melts and glasses. This new book is an essential resource for researchers in a number of fields, including geology, geophysics, geoscience, volcanology, material science, glass science, petrology and mineralogy. Brings together multidisciplinary research scattered across the scientific literature into one reference, with a focus on silicate melts and their application to natural systems Emphasizes linking melt properties to melt structure Includes a discussion of the pros and cons of the use of glass as a proxy for melt structure and properties Written by highly regarded experts in the field who, among other honors, were the 2006 recipients of the prestigious G.W. Morey award of the American Ceramic Society

Proton Conduction and Water Diffusion in Silicate Glasses and Melts

Proton Conduction and Water Diffusion in Silicate Glasses and Melts Book
Author : Sara Fanara
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proton Conduction and Water Diffusion in Silicate Glasses and Melts book written by Sara Fanara, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Short and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts

Short  and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts Book
Author : Wim Jan Malfait
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Short and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts book written by Wim Jan Malfait, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts Book
Author : Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-06-16
ISBN : 9780080457710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts of industrial and geological interest. From Antiquity to the 20th century, an introductory chapter presents this subject in a historical perspective. Basic concepts are then discussed in three chapters where attention is paid to the glass transition and its various consequences on melt and glass properties, to the structural and physical differences between amorphous and crystalline silicates, and to the mutual relationships between local order, energetics and physical properties. With pure SiO2 as a starting point, compositions of increasing chemical complexity are successively dealt with in a dozen chapters. The effects of network-modifying cations on structure and properties are first exemplified by alkali and alkaline earth elements. The specific influence of aluminum, iron, titanium, and phosphorus are then reviewed. With water, volatiles in the system COHS, noble gases, and halogens, the effects of volatile components are also described. The last chapter explains how the results obtained on simpler melts can be applied to chemically complex systems. In each chapter, physical and chemical properties are described first and followed by a review of glass and melt structure. When possible, pressure effects are also considered. *From SiO2 to complex silicate compositions, the physical and chemical properties of melts and glasses of geological and industrial interest *Structural characterization of melts and glasses, from ambient to high pressure and temperature *From basic concepts to an advanced level, a consistent description of the structure-property-composition relationships in glasses and melts

Ternary Non silicate Glasses

Ternary Non silicate Glasses Book
Author : Oleg Vsevolodovich Mazurin,Marina Vladimirovna Strelʹt︠s︡ina,Tatʹi︠a︡na Pavlovna Shvaĭko-Shvaĭkovskai︠a︡
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the fourth volume of a comprehensive reference work on the properties of one-component, binary and ternary oxide glass-forming melts and glasses. Part A Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses'' was published in 1983, and Part B Single-Component and Binary Non-Silicate Oxide Glasses'' in 1985. Part C, published in 1987, covered Ternary Silicate Glasses. The present volume covers ternary non-silicate glasses. All ternary systems are united into large groups according to the valency of the elements forming the corresponding oxides. Within each of these groups the data are classified by properties. The sequence is as follows: glass formation, crystallization, density, thermal expansion and other thermal properties, optical properties, viscosity, elastic properties and internal friction, strength, surface tension, chemical durability, electrical properties, diffusion, permeation and solubility of gases, ion diffusion, volatilization and magnetic properties. Extensive references are included, as are author, subject and formula indexes.This book is an essential aid for all those working in research laboratories of glass-making firms, university lecturers, and undergraduate/post-graduate students involved with materials science. Previous parts have already proved their usefulness to a great many people and have been described as follows: The Handbook of Glass Data cannot be recommended too strongly. It must be held in every library where there is a serious interest in glass, and it should be on the shelf of every glass researcher. (Glass Technology).

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts Book
Author : Bjorn O. Mysen
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1988
ISBN : 9780444429599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of the relationships between structure and properties of materials is based on the fundamental principle that the structure of the material be determined first, followed by assessments of which structural properties may govern their properties as a function of composition, pressure, temperature and other variables. Whereas this methodology has been successfully applied to further our understanding of crystalline materials, studies of silicate melt structure are often conducted on a somewhat different basis. Rather than from direct structural determination, structure models have been developed from assumed relationships between a specific melt property and its structure. As a result, a multitude of models has evolved - many of which are mutually exclusive. The overall scope of this book is to address properties and processes of magmatic systems from the vantage point of melt structure. To this end available data in chemically increasingly complex systems are reviewed and discussed with the ultimate goal being integration of the simple system data into a model that describes complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. Thus the book evolves from the simplest possible system, SiO 2 , to complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. From a petrologic point of view, sufficient data have been obtained so that a general framework of the structure of magmatic liquids is in place. This framework is based on the same principles as those of crystal chemistry, modulated by the absence of long range order in amorphous material, and systematic relationships between structure and properties can be discerned at least at atmospheric pressure.

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444598960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical Sciences Data, Volume 15: Handbook of Glass Data: Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses, Part A presents information on the systems capable of forming glasses by cooling melts. This book provides data on the crystallization rates of glasses. Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the melt properties for the glass-forming systems. This text then examines the notion of a component that is very significant for determining the number of components in each investigated glass. Other chapters consider the contents of several oxides of the same element but in different valent state as the reason to transfer a glass to the category of the increased number of components. This book discusses as well the analytical composition of glass. The final chapter deals with flotation method using tetrabromoethane and benzene mixture. This book is a valuable resource for glass specialists, chemists, engineers, scientists, and information science workers.

Trace Metals in Silicate Glasses and Melts

Trace Metals in Silicate Glasses and Melts Book
Author : Carl Wilson Ponader
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Trace Metals in Silicate Glasses and Melts book written by Carl Wilson Ponader, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Glass Data Ternary silicate glasses

Handbook of Glass Data  Ternary silicate glasses Book
Author : Oleg Vsevolodovich Mazurin,Marina Vladimirovna Strelʹt︠s︡ina,Tatʹi︠a︡na Pavlovna Shvaĭko-Shvaĭkovskai︠a︡
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1987
ISBN : 9780444428899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the third volume of a five-part comprehensive reference work on the properties of one-component, binary and ternary oxide glass-forming melts and glasses. Part A Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses'' was published in 1983, and Part B Single-Component and Binary yon-Silicate Oxide Glasses'' in 1985. Part D will focus on ternary non-silicate oxide glasses, and the final volume will contain supplements providing new information published during the time of preparation of the first four parts. The present volume covers ternary silicate glasses. All ternary systems are united into large groups according to the valency of the elements forming the corresponding oxides. Within each of these groups the data are classified by properties. The sequence is as follows: glass formation, crystallization, density, thermal expansion and other thermal properties, optical properties, viscosity, elastic properties and internal friction, strength, surface tension, chemical durability, electrical properties, diffusion, permeation and solubility of gases, ion diffusion, volatilization and magnetic properties. Extensive references are included, as are author, subject and formula indexes.

Structural Insights Into Sodium rich Silicate carbonate Glasses and Melts

Structural Insights Into Sodium rich Silicate carbonate Glasses and Melts Book
Author : Julia Pohlenz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbonate-rich silicate and carbonate melts play a crucial role in deep Earth magmatic processes and their melt structure is a key parameter, as it controls physical and chemical properties. Carbonate-rich melts can be strongly enriched in geochemically important trace elements. The structural incorporation mechanisms of these elements are difficult to study because such melts generally cannot be quenched to glasses, which are usually employed for structural investigations. This thesis investigates the influence of CO2 on the local environments of trace elements contained in silicate glasses with variable CO2 concentrations as well as in silicate and carbonate melts. The compositions studied include sodium-rich peralkaline silicate melts and glasses and carbonate melts similar to those occurring naturally at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania. The local environments of the three elements yttrium (Y), lanthanum (La) and strontium (Sr) were investigated in synthesized glasses and melts using X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. Especially extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) provides element specific information on local structure, such as bond lengths, coordination numbers and the degree of disorder. To cope with the enhanced structural disorder present in glasses and melts, EXAFS analysis was based on fitting approaches using an asymmetric distribution function as well as a correlation model according to bond valence theory. Firstly, silicate glasses quenched from high pressure/temperature melts with up to 7.6 wt % CO2 were investigated. In strongly and extremely peralkaline glasses the local structure of Y is unaffected by the CO2 content (with oxygen bond lengths of ~ 2.29 Å). ...

Ternary Non silicate Glasses

Ternary Non silicate Glasses Book
Author : Oleg Vsevolodovich Mazurin,Marina Vladimirovna Strelʹt︠s︡ina,Tatʹi︠a︡na Pavlovna Shvaĭko-Shvaĭkovskai︠a︡
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780444889553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the fourth volume of a comprehensive reference work on the properties of one-component, binary and ternary oxide glass-forming melts and glasses. Part A Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses'' was published in 1983, and Part B Single-Component and Binary Non-Silicate Oxide Glasses'' in 1985. Part C, published in 1987, covered Ternary Silicate Glasses. The present volume covers ternary non-silicate glasses. All ternary systems are united into large groups according to the valency of the elements forming the corresponding oxides. Within each of these groups the data are classified by properties. The sequence is as follows: glass formation, crystallization, density, thermal expansion and other thermal properties, optical properties, viscosity, elastic properties and internal friction, strength, surface tension, chemical durability, electrical properties, diffusion, permeation and solubility of gases, ion diffusion, volatilization and magnetic properties. Extensive references are included, as are author, subject and formula indexes.This book is an essential aid for all those working in research laboratories of glass-making firms, university lecturers, and undergraduate/post-graduate students involved with materials science. Previous parts have already proved their usefulness to a great many people and have been described as follows: The Handbook of Glass Data cannot be recommended too strongly. It must be held in every library where there is a serious interest in glass, and it should be on the shelf of every glass researcher. (Glass Technology).

Cation Ordering at Ambient Pressure and Structural Densification Mechanisms of High pressure Silicate Glasses and Melts

Cation Ordering at Ambient Pressure and Structural Densification Mechanisms of High pressure Silicate Glasses and Melts Book
Author : Jeffrey Richard Allwardt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cation Ordering at Ambient Pressure and Structural Densification Mechanisms of High pressure Silicate Glasses and Melts book written by Jeffrey Richard Allwardt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Iron bearing Silicate Melts

Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Iron bearing Silicate Melts Book
Author : Jean Ann Tangeman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Iron bearing Silicate Melts book written by Jean Ann Tangeman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Symposium on Nucleation and Crystallization in Glasses and Melts

Symposium on Nucleation and Crystallization in Glasses and Melts Book
Author : American Ceramic Society
Publisher : Columbus, Ohio : American Ceramic Society
Release : 1962
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Symposium on Nucleation and Crystallization in Glasses and Melts book written by American Ceramic Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Redox Dynamics in Multicomponent Iron bearing Silicate Melts and Glasses

Redox Dynamics in Multicomponent  Iron bearing Silicate Melts and Glasses Book
Author : Glen Bennett Cook
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Redox Dynamics in Multicomponent Iron bearing Silicate Melts and Glasses book written by Glen Bennett Cook, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses Progress Report

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses  Progress Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this project is the combined appication of infrared spectroscopy and stable isotope geochemistry to the study of hydrogen-bearing species dissolved in silicate melts and glasses. We are conducting laboratory experiments aimed at determining the fractionation of D and H between melt species (OH and H2O) and hydrous vapor and the diffusivities of these species in glasses and melts. Knowledge of these parameters is critical to understanding the behavior of hydrogen isotopes during igneous processes and hydrothermal processes. These results also could be valuable in application of glass technology to development of nuclear waste disposal strategies.

Melting Reactions and Silica Dissolution in Lead Silicate Glasses

Melting Reactions and Silica Dissolution in Lead Silicate Glasses Book
Author : Abdussalam Omar Abdulaali Ettuager
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Melting Reactions and Silica Dissolution in Lead Silicate Glasses book written by Abdussalam Omar Abdulaali Ettuager, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this project is the combined appication of infrared spectroscopy and stable isotope geochemistry to the study of hydrogen-bearing species dissolved in silicate melts and glasses. We are conducting laboratory experiments aimed at determining the fractionation of D and H between melt species (OH and H2O) and hydrous vapor and the diffusivities of these species in glasses and melts. Knowledge of these parameters is critical to understanding the behavior of hydrogen isotopes during igneous processes and hydrothermal processes. These results also could be valuable in application of glass technology to development of nuclear waste disposal strategies.

Properties of Glass Forming Melts

Properties of Glass Forming Melts Book
Author : David Pye,Innocent Joseph,Angelo Montenero
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-05-12
ISBN : 142002731X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents state-of-the-art information concerning properties and processes involved in glass melts. Based upon contributions by renowned authors and scientists working with glass melt systems, Properties of Glass-Forming Melts is an excellent compilation of the current knowledge on property data, mechanisms, measurement techniques, and structure-related properties of glass-forming. The authors provide in-depth analyses of such topics as glass-melt density, thermal expansion, heat conductivity, and chemical activities. Each chapter combines fundamental concepts with a compilation of recent and reliable data that is essential in the modeling of glass melting, fining, conditioning, and forming. The book first discusses the glass-forming melts, thermodynamics, transport properties, and redox effects of glass. This provides a sound basis to the analysis of important properties of glass melts such as viscosity, surface tension, density, and heat capacity as well as more generalized subjects of heat transfer and gas solubility. A chapter on electrical properties provides a solid foundation for understanding glass melting via direct Joule heating of the melt. The examination of the corrosive nature of molten glasses will be of great interest to tank designers and operators. This unique handbook concludes with an overview of nuclear waste vitrification, a growing discipline that relies on current data and encourages research in glass melts. This book is an ideal starting place for future-generation glass scientists and an effective reference for scientists who require data on the behavior of viscous melts and for glass technologists who apply mathematical models simulating the melting and forming processes. Properties of Glass-Forming Melts offers a one-of-a-kind and valuable source of reliable data and insight by those with firsthand knowledge and experiences in this field.