Skip to main content

Sex Differences In The Central Nervous System

In Order to Read Online or Download Sex Differences In The Central Nervous System Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Sex Differences in Movement Organization II

Sex Differences in Movement Organization II Book
Author : Evelyn Field
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Sex Differences in Movement Organization II book written by Evelyn Field, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

EEG and Evoked Potential Measured of Age and Sex Differences in Central Nervous System Processing

EEG and Evoked Potential Measured of Age and Sex Differences in Central Nervous System Processing Book
Author : Judith Ann La Marche
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Age and gender differences in CNS information processing were investigated with EEG measures of power spectral analysis and cortical coupling , and evoked potential measures of brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs), visual evoked potentials (VEPs), pattern reversal evoked potentials (PREPs) , and P300 evoked potentials . Eighty normal volunteers comprised four subgroups of 20 subjects: young females and young males (25-35 years); old females and old males (55-70 years). Trends were generally consistent across evoked potential measures: women and young people produced faster latency responses; females and oldsters produced larger amplitude responses. Old age was associated with reduced variability of electrophysiological responding across recording sites. Significant age and gender findings may be related to CNS excitatory /inhibitory equilibrium. Females and oldsters reportedly experience reduction of some neurotransmitters believed to be inhibitory in function. Furthermore, old age is accompanied by neuropathological changes which could result in heightened CNS excitability.

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System Book
Author : Rebecca M. Shansky
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-14
ISBN : 0128021985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System offers a comprehensive examination of the current state of sex differences research, from both the basic science and clinical research perspectives. Given the current NIH directive that funded preclinical research must consider both females and males, this topic is of interest to an increasing percentage of the neuroscience research population. The volume serves as an invaluable resource, offering coverage of a wide range of topics: sex differences in cognition, learning, and memory, sex hormone signaling mechanisms, neuroimmune interactions, epigenetics, social behavior, neurologic disease, psychological disorders, and stress. Discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations are included. Details how sex hormones have widespread effects on the nervous system and influence the way males and females function Assists readers in determining how sex impacts their research and practice, and assists in determining how to adjust research programs to incorporate sex influences Includes discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations, and at various developmental stages Features revised and updated chapters by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Sexual Dimorphism of the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis and the Amygdala

Sexual Dimorphism of the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis and the Amygdala Book
Author : Nadya Stefanova,Wladimir Ovtscharoff
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2000-09-27
ISBN : 9783540676836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Sex differences are observed in various physiological, behavioral, and psychic functions, including reproductive behavior, aggres sion, emotions, and cognition. Such differences are expressed even in early childhood with preferences to definite activities. It has been generally accepted that differences between genders are formed under the influence of biological as well as environmental factors. The existence of sex differences in functions of the central nervous system has suggested that there are also morphological sex differences. In recent years several reports on sexual dimorphism in the brain of vertebrates have been published. However, the mecha nisms of sexual differentiation of the central nervous system remain unclear in most cases. It is often difficult to correlate morphological sex differences to differences in definite function or behavior. We set out to explore the sexual dimorphism of the limbic system and especially the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the amygdala, which are considered generally to be occupied with the control of reproductive behavior and autonomic and compli cated psychic functions. Several reports on sexual dimorphism of these structures have been published. Some of them have been directed to the total neuronal number and the volume of the nuclei, while others have concentrated on definite subpopula tions of neurons. In many cases the mechanisms of sexual differ entiation were tested, but sometimes they could not be estab lished.

Sex Differences in the Rat Central Nervous Cholinergic System

Sex Differences in the Rat Central Nervous Cholinergic System Book
Author : Robert Arnold Netherton
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Sex Differences in the Rat Central Nervous Cholinergic System book written by Robert Arnold Netherton, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Central Nervous System

The Central Nervous System Book
Author : Per Brodal
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-04-20
ISBN : 0190228970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The Fifth edition finds the text of The Central Nervous System thoroughly updated and revised, better equipping students with essential information in the field of clinical neuroscience. This text, reviewed to reflect new information as well as understanding of student needs for critical thinking, contains the systematic, in-depth coverage of topics of great clinical interest. This text seamlessly integrates data from all fields of neuroscience as well as clinical neurology and psychology. This textbook presents the functional properties of clinically-relevant disorders by incorporating data from molecular biology to clinical neurology. Key Features of the Fifth Edition Include... · Chapters knit together by numerous cross-references and explanations, helping the reader to connect data. · Carefully selected full color line drawings of the complexities of the nervous system. · Extensive use of text-boxes provides in-depth material without disturbing the flow of reading. · Provides a crucial list of references for further reading. While most neurological textbooks are cobbled together by multiple authors on a variety of topics within the field, Dr. Brodal pulls together a cohesive and comprehensive guide to neuroscience. This book reflects Dr. Brodal's concise and easy-to-read style, encouraging reflection and critical thinking in established facts and scientific conjecture. This is the perfect reference for medical, graduate, and undergraduate students alike.

Principles of Neural Science Fourth Edition

Principles of Neural Science  Fourth Edition Book
Author : Eric Kandel,Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Thomas M Jessell, M D
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Medical
Release : 2000-01-05
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

A Doody's Core Title for 2011! 5 STAR DOODY'S REVIEW! "This is a simply wonderful book that makes accessible in one place all the details of how the neuron and brain work. The writing is clear. The drawings are elegant and educational. The book is a feast for both the eye and mind. The richness, the beauty, and the complexity of neuroscience is all captured in this superb book."--Doody's Review Service Now in resplendent color, the new edition continues to define the latest in the scientific understanding of the brain, the nervous system, and human behavior. Each chapter is thoroughly revised and includes the impact of molecular biology in the mechanisms underlying developmental processes and in the pathogenesis of disease. Important features to this edition include a new chapter - Genes and Behavior; a complete updating of development of the nervous system; the genetic basis of neurological and psychiatric disease; cognitive neuroscience of perception, planning, action, motivation and memory; ion channel mechanisms; and much more.

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-08-02
ISBN : 0309072816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

The Development of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior

The Development of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior Book
Author : M. Haug,Richard E. Whalen,C. Aron,Kathie L. Olsen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401117098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

M. HAUG Universite Louis Pasteur, Laboratoire de Psychophysi%gie, URA 1295, 7, rue de /'Universite, 67000 Strasbourg, France This varied and impressive volume is a record of the major presentations at the NATO sponsored Advanced Research Workshop on The Development of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behaviour held at the Chateau de Bonas, Gers, France July 14-18, 1992. It is fitting that a meeting evaluating masculine and feminine 'characteristics' was located in the Gascony region immortalised in Alexandre Dumas epic, macho tale of The Three Musketeers. It is even more satisfying that Marc HAUG the French Director (a D' Artagnan equivalent) was ably assisted by a US/French Consortium of three co-Directors (Drs. Richard E. WHALEN, Claude ARON and Kathie L. OLSEN). The ARW also provided opportunities to explore the region around the Chateau, to appreciate the complex history of the area and to sample armagnac and other local gastronomic creations. A lively and varied cultural programme (classics to jazz) was also provided to maintain the interests and enthusiasms of the participants.

Sex Differences in the Structure Function and Regulation of Vocal Circuits in Xenopus

Sex Differences in the Structure  Function and Regulation of Vocal Circuits in Xenopus Book
Author : Irene Ballagh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The reproductive state of the female frog at the time of brain isolation does not alter the response of the ex vivo preparation to either 5-HT or microstimulation. We hypothesize that the effects of behavioral state on neural circuits are mediated by sensory nuclei upstream of forebrain motor control circuits. Considered as a whole, the work presented in this thesis shows that variations in motor behaviors are expressed through multiple levels of motor control circuits throughout the central nervous system. These results emphasize the benefits of studying motor behaviors with a view to diversity and variation, both when considering the behaviors themselves and when analyzing the circuits that pattern and govern them.

Neurosteroid Effects in the Central Nervous System

Neurosteroid Effects in the Central Nervous System Book
Author : Sheryl S. Smith
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-10-27
ISBN : 0203508165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Our understanding of the ways that neuroactive steroids act in the brain has been increased by transgenic approaches, recombinant expression systems, higher resolution electrophysiological paradigms, and the development of technology to localize receptors. Recent behavioral studies examining the effects of steroids on mood, seizure susceptibility,

Sex Differences in the Brain

Sex Differences in the Brain Book
Author : Jill B. Becker,Karen J. Berkley,Nori Geary,Elizabeth Hampson,James P. Herman,Elizabeth Young
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2007-12-04
ISBN : 0198042558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Within the basic and clinical biomedical research community, there is increasing recognition that differences between males and females across the lifespan affect an individual's health, his/her development of disease, signs and symptoms of pathophysiology, and response to therapy. This book is intended as a resource for scientists, clinicians, and students of the nervous system and behavior- a trove of practical information about how to study sex differences in the brain as well as a discussion of what is already known on the topic.

Sex Differences in Lateralization in the Animal Brain

Sex Differences in Lateralization in the Animal Brain Book
Author : V L Bianki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-21
ISBN : 1482298457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Until recently, little account has been taken of sex differences in many research studies in psychiatry, medicine and physiology. Subjects of these research studies were mainly men, with most researchers using twice as many males as females in their studies. The need to take a sexually differentiated approach has led to the work described in this b

Sex Differences in the Brain

Sex Differences in the Brain Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1984-01-01
ISBN : 9780080861869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Sex Differences in the Brain

Sex Differences in Physiology

Sex Differences in Physiology Book
Author : Gretchen Neigh,Megan Mitzelfelt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-10
ISBN : 0128026081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Sex Differences in Physiology is an all-encompassing reference that details basic science research into sex differences in all physiological fields. It includes scientific discoveries concerning sex differences in cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal physiology. In addition, coverage of the development, endocrinology, neurophysiology, immunity, and metabolism is included, making this important reference a resource that will meet the needs of investigators interested in incorporating sex differences into their research programs, while also providing clinicians with the basis for providing the best sex-based medical treatment options available. Provides a sweeping, organ-by-organ review of currently observed sex differences in animal models and human disease Explains how sex differences influence physiology and disease Provides the critical knowledge on sex differences for better understanding of prevention and treatment of diseases

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine Book
Author : Marianne J. Legato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-02
ISBN : 0080492142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine examines how normal human biology differs between men and women and how the diagnosis and treatment of disease differs as a function of gender. This revealing research covers various conditions that predominantly occur in men, and as well conditions that predominantly occur in women. Among the subjects covered are cardiovascular disease, mood disorders, the immune system, lung cancer as a consequence of smoking, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, and infectious diseases. * Gathers important information in the field of gender-based biology and clinical medicine, proving that a patient's sex is increasingly important in preventing illness, making an accurate diagnosis, and choosing safe and effective treatment of disease * Addresses gender-specific areas ranging from organ transplantation, gall bladder and biliary diseases, to the epidemiology of osteoporosis and fractures in men and women * Many chapters present questions about future directions of investigations

Progranulin and Central Nervous System Disorders

Progranulin and Central Nervous System Disorders Book
Author : Hideaki Hara,Masato Hosokawa,Shinsuke Nakamura,Takayoshi Shimohata,Masugi Nishihara
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-25
ISBN : 981136186X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book presents the latest knowledge on the roles of progranulin (PGRN) in normal physiology and pathology and explores the emerging significance of PGRN as a therapeutic target and biomarker in various CNS disorders, including frontotemporal lobe degeneration and other neurodegenerative diseases. Following initial recognition of the importance of PGRN in sexual differentiation of the developing brain and adult neurogenesis, it was subsequently discovered that PGRN acts as a chaperone of lysosomal enzymes and plays a crucial role in maintaining cellular protein homeostasis. It has also been found that sex steroids modulate the expression of PGRN and its trophic effects in the developing CNS and that PGRN directly or indirectly influences neural stem and progenitor cells. Against this background, deeper understanding of the molecular and functional properties of PGRN would provide fresh impetus for the development of mechanism-based therapeutic approaches for multiple disorders. Medications targeting the recovery of lysosomal function appear to hold particular promise in patients with neurodegenerative diseases resulting from PGRN insufficiency. In examining multiple aspects of this fascinating field, the book will be of high value for researchers and graduate students.

Microglial Sex Differences in the Context of Alzheimer s Disease

Microglial Sex Differences in the Context of Alzheimer s Disease Book
Author : Lay Kodama
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Sex differences have been clinically documented in numerous neurodegenerative diseases, including in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and yet the reasons for these sex differences are not well understood. Recent studies have found that microglia, the innate immune cells of the central nervous system, are a key cell type involved in AD. Interestingly, this cell type displays sex differences in their expression profiles and function. Could these sex differences in microglia explain the sex differences seen in AD? How can we further probe these differences to better understand disease mechanisms? In Chapter 1 of this dissertation, we broadly set the landscape of sex-differences in AD and focus specifically on the emerging evidence of microglial sex differences in both the healthy and diseased brain. We also support these previous findings through our own preliminary single-nuclei transcriptomic analysis of human AD brain tissues and characterize microglial subpopulations differentially enriched in female versus male samples. Cellular sex differences are largely mediated through sex chromosomes and sex hormones. In Chapter 2, we focus on the sex chromosomes by studying microglial microRNAs (miRNAs) since immune-related miRNAs are highly-enriched on the X chromosome compared to the autosomal chromosomes. In Chapter 2.2, we show that microglial miRNA expression differs in male and female mice and that loss of microglial miRNAs leads to sex-specific changes in the microglial transcriptome and tau pathology. These findings suggest microglial miRNAs influence tau pathogenesis in a sex-specific manner. In Chapter 2.3, we further focus on individual microglial miRNAs by establishing a primary microglia screen to study the effects of highly-expressed microglial miRNAs on phagocytosis of E. coli particles. We found that removal of mature miRNAs in primary microglia reduced their uptake capacity, which was largely reversed by expressing individual miRNAs of the miR-17~92 cluster and its paralog, miR-106a~363 cluster encoded on the X chromosome. Chapter 3 focuses on the sex-specific transcriptomic changes associated with microglia in AD patients with and without the R47H-TREM2 mutation, one of the strongest immune-specific risk factors for late-onset AD. We also utilized a newly-generated tauopathy knock-in mouse model expressing one allele of human TREM2 (hTREM2) with either the R47H mutation or the common variant and found R47H induced and exacerbated tau-mediated spatial memory deficits in female mice. Single-cell transcriptomic analysis of microglia from these mice also revealed transcriptomic changes induced by R47H that had significant overlaps with R47H microglia in human AD brains, including robust transcriptomic sex-differences, increases in proinflammatory cytokines, activation of Syk-Akt-signaling, and enrichment of disease-associated microglia. Finally, in Chapter 4, we conclude on the ways these studies uncovered novel molecular pathways involved in AD pathogenesis through the lens of sex differences, and comment on future lines of investigation with the hope that such studies will lead to potential therapies that can benefit patients of both sexes.

Roles of Activation and Inhibition in Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities

Roles of Activation and Inhibition in Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Ardent Media
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Roles of Activation and Inhibition in Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.