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Sex Differences In Physiology

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Sex Differences in Physiology

Sex Differences in Physiology Book
Author : Gretchen Neigh,Megan Mitzelfelt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-10
ISBN : 0128026081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex Differences in Physiology is an all-encompassing reference that details basic science research into sex differences in all physiological fields. It includes scientific discoveries concerning sex differences in cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal physiology. In addition, coverage of the development, endocrinology, neurophysiology, immunity, and metabolism is included, making this important reference a resource that will meet the needs of investigators interested in incorporating sex differences into their research programs, while also providing clinicians with the basis for providing the best sex-based medical treatment options available. Provides a sweeping, organ-by-organ review of currently observed sex differences in animal models and human disease Explains how sex differences influence physiology and disease Provides the critical knowledge on sex differences for better understanding of prevention and treatment of diseases

Principles of Sex based Differences in Physiology

Principles of Sex based Differences in Physiology Book
Author : Virginia M. Miller,Virginia L. Miller,Meredith Hay
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780444514974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Differences in physiology between men and women extend far beyond differences in reproductive functions. Medical literature abounds in descriptions of differences in prevalence, symptoms and severity of diseases between men and women including heart attack, rheumatic diseases, gastrointestinal disease and osteoporosis. Much of the information is descriptive rather than mechanistic and scattered throughout a variety of books, review articles and original papers. This book provides a single source that summarizes current basic mechanisms of gene/hormone interactions and their subsequent impact on physiological functions. It is an ideal source material to be used in training the next generation of physician/scientists who will develop a more individualized approach to prevention, diagnosis and therapeutic medical practice.

Women and Gender

Women and Gender Book
Author : Catherine Lilian
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9781682505861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Women and Gender book written by Catherine Lilian, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sex Differences in Physiology and Behavior

Sex Differences in Physiology and Behavior Book
Author : Kathleen Curtis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sex Differences in Physiology and Behavior book written by Kathleen Curtis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sex Based Differences in Lung Physiology

Sex Based Differences in Lung Physiology Book
Author : Patricia Silveyra,Xenia T. Tigno
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-29
ISBN : 303063549X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the latest experimental work on sex-based differences in lung function and inflammation. Readers will learn how these differences relate to individual predispositions for the development of lung disease in men and women, and in different stages of their reproductive lives. Further, the book focuses on diseases that predominantly affect women or men, with an emphasis on the physiological mechanisms underlying their pathobiology. In turn, these findings are complemented by chapters on recent studies, which investigate how circulating sex hormone levels impact the lung’s innate immune response to environmental agents and air pollution. The pathogeneses of asthma and viral respiratory infection are also major focus areas. As an outlook, the book also discusses current and future research directions aimed at developing sex-specific therapies for lung disease. To examine these anatomical and physiological differences in the male and female respiratory systems, the authors employ a broad range of methods from molecular and clinical biology. Accordingly, the book will be a fascinating read for physiologists and clinicians alike.

The Physiology of Apology an Investigation Into Potential Sex Differences

The Physiology of Apology  an Investigation Into Potential Sex Differences Book
Author : Daniel Stephenson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Physiology of Apology an Investigation Into Potential Sex Differences book written by Daniel Stephenson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology Book
Author : Babbette LaMarca, Ph.D.,Barbara T. Alexander, PhD, FAHA, FAPS
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128131977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology is a comprehensive look into the often overlooked and underappreciated fundamental sex differences between men and women and how those differences affect the cardiovascular system. It covers cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling and the development of pathology. With contributions from world-renowned research investigators, this up-to-date reference compiles critical knowledge on cardiovascular sex differences, providing researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Identifies the fundamental sex differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system Describes cell signaling pathways involved in sex-associated cardiovascular function and diseases Puts the sex differences in cardiovascular diseases in the forefront to improve cardiovascular prognoses

Sex and the Developing Brain

Sex and the Developing Brain Book
Author : Margaret McCarthy
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2010-08-01
ISBN : 1615040617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The brains of males and females, men and women, are different—that is a fact. What is debated is how different and how important those differences are. Sex differences in the brain are determined by genetics, hormones, and experience, which in humans includes culture, society, and parental and peer expectations. The importance of nonbiological variables to sex differences in humans is paramount, making it difficult if not impossible to parse out those contributions that are truly biological. The study of animals provides us the opportunity to understand the magnitude and scope of biologically based sex differences in the brain and understanding the cellular mechanisms provides us insight into novel sources of brain plasticity. Many sex differences are established during a developmental sensitive window by differences in the hormonal milieu of males versus females. The neonatal testis produces large amounts of testosterone, which gains access to the brain and is further metabolized into active androgens and estrogens, which modify brain development. Major parameters that are influenced by hormones include neurogenesis, cell death, neurochemical phenotype, axonal and dendritic growth, and synaptogenesis. Variance in these parameters results in sex differences in the size of particular brain regions, the projections between brain regions, and the number and type of synapses within particular brain regions. The cellular mechanisms are both region and endpoint specific and invoke many surprising systems such as prostaglandins, endocannabinoids, and cell death proteins. By understanding when, why, and how sex differences in the brain are established, we may also learn the source of strong gender biases in the relative risk and severity of numerous neurological diseases and disorders of mental health, including but not limited to autism, dyslexia, attention deficit disorder, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s, and major depressive disorder. Table of Contents: Introduction / Sex Determination versus Sex Differentiation / Masculinization, Feminization, and Defeminization / Steroid Hormones Are Potent Modulators of Brain Development / Sex Differences in the Brain Are Established During a Developmental Sensitive Window / Sex Differences in Physiology and Behavior Are Coordinated / Knockouts of the Rule: Mice with Null Mutations of Steroid Receptors, Steroidogenic Enzymes, and Binding Proteins / Steroids Influence Multiple Endpoints to Organize the Brain / Cellular Mechanisms of Steroid-Mediated Organization of the Brain / Winged Messengers: Lessons from Birds and Flies / Sexual Differentiation of the Primate Brain / Sexual Differentiation of the Human Brain / Overcoming the Hegemony of Hormones: Genes Matter Too / The Value of Understanding the Effect of Sex on the Developing Brain / References

Sex Differences in Lateralization in the Animal Brain

Sex Differences in Lateralization in the Animal Brain Book
Author : V L Bianki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-21
ISBN : 1482298457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until recently, little account has been taken of sex differences in many research studies in psychiatry, medicine and physiology. Subjects of these research studies were mainly men, with most researchers using twice as many males as females in their studies. The need to take a sexually differentiated approach has led to the work described in this b

Evolution and Gender

Evolution and Gender Book
Author : Rosemary L. Hopcroft
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-12-22
ISBN : 1317353293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering new research and analysis on the relation between gender and evolution, this book explains conflict between the sexes and the frequent emergence and stubborn continuation of patriarchal regimes that serve to control the behavior of women in societies around the world, both past and present. Women and men are different, on average. But that does not mean they are unequal. Indeed, understanding average differences is key to the full realization of equality in health care and other dimensions of social life. Hopcroft shows that gender differences in physiology, psychology, and behavior can be traced to slight differences in evolved traits between men and women. These differences exist because of sex differences in investment in offspring, which meant that, in the environment of evolution, some adaptive problems were more important for men to solve than for women, and vice versa. For men, the most important adaptive problem to solve was that of finding a mate. Men who did not solve this problem are not our ancestors. For women, the most important adaptive problem to solve was that of successfully bearing and raising children. Women who did not solve this problem are not our ancestors. These small differences underlie all the differences described in the book, including sex differences in mate preferences, physiology, cognition, aggression, status striving, and emotional experience. It can also help explain the differential treatment of children by parents, the differential success of boys and girls in modern schools, and sex differences in style of communication.

Sex and Gender Differences in Cardiovascular Renal Diseases and Hypertension

Sex and Gender Differences in Cardiovascular Renal Diseases and Hypertension Book
Author : Jane Reckelhoff
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2014-11-01
ISBN : 1615045791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many of the mechanisms responsible for cardiovascular disease and hypertension are well known, and gender is an independent risk factor in many cohorts. How gender contributes to cardiovascular disease has not been completely elucidated. Even in normotensive populations, blood pressure is higher in men than women, although why this occurs is unclear. While both men and women suffer from high incidences of cardiovascular disease, women are typically protected against cardiovascular disease until after menopause, so that on average they are about 10 years older than men when these diseases develop, making aging a confounding problem contributing to increased morbidity. Because hypertension is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease in both men and women, this review will focus on hypertension, and the mechanisms that have been found to play a role in mediating blood pressure control and how they differ in men and women.

The Differences Between the Sexes

The Differences Between the Sexes Book
Author : International Conference on Comparative Physiology 1992 Crans, switze,Short & Bassau
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1994-08-04
ISBN : 9780521448789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading authorities discuss a dazzling array of differences between the sexes.

Exploring Sex Differences

Exploring Sex Differences Book
Author : Barbara Bloom Lloyd,John Archer
Publisher : London ; New York : Academic Press
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Exploring Sex Differences book written by Barbara Bloom Lloyd,John Archer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gender Gap

Gender Gap Book
Author : Judith Eve Lipton
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781412824378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Let's face it, say Barash and Lipton: Males and females, boys and girls, men and women are different. To be sure, these differences are often heightened by distinctions in learning, cultural tradition, and social expectation, but underpinning them all is a fundamental difference that derives from biology. Throughout the natural world, males are those creatures that make sperm; females make eggs. The oft-noticed "gender gap" derives, in turn, from this "gamete gap." In Gender Gap, Barash and Lipton (husband and wife, professor and physician, biologist and psychiatrist) explain the evolutionary aspects of male-female differences. After describing the theory underlying the evolutionary explanation of male-female differences-in accessible, lay-person's language-they show how it applies to specific examples of animal behavior. Then, they demonstrate comparable male-female differences in the behavior of human beings cross-culturally, as well as within the United States. Barash and Lipton apply this approach to male-female differences in sexual inclinations, propensities for violence, parenting styles, and childhood experiences. They invoke much work within the traditional social sciences, such as psychology, anthropology, and sociology, which have typically ignored biological factors in the past. Part of the highly successful revolution in scientific thought has been the recognition that evolutionary insights can illuminate behavior, no less than anatomy and physiology. This new discipline, sometimes called "sociobiology" or "evolutionary psychology," promises to help us make sense of ourselves and of our most significant others, shedding new light on what it means to be male or female. Now available in paperback with a new introduction by the authors, this accessible volume integrates work from a variety of fields, applying a new paradigm to research on gender differences. David P. Barash holds a Ph.D. in zoology and is professor of psychology and zoology at the University of Washington, where he has taught since 1973. He has been especially active in the growth and development of sociobiology as a scientific discipline and has received numerous grants and awards. Barash is the author of more than 170 technical articles, and 20 books. Judith Eve Lipton received her M.D. degree from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and completed her residency in psychiatry at the University of Washington. She is the founder and president emerita of the Washington Physicians for Social Responsibility, and Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, specializing in women's health.

Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease

Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease Book
Author : Jawahar L. Mehta,Jean McSweeney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-02
ISBN : 3319711350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews all aspects of the diagnosis and management of heart disease in women, covering areas such as gender differences in metabolic syndrome, hypertension and atherogenesis. Gender differences in cardiovascular diseases are widespread, but while gender medicine takes into account the effects of sex and gender on the health of women and men, traditionally, women have been underrepresented in cardiovascular clinical trials, in management of different cardiac diseases and drug use. Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease deals with the gender-specific differences in cardiac physiology and diseases and brings into perspective the critical significance of gender in management of cardiovascular disease presentations and management. As such it is of enormous use to all clinical staff who manage women with cardiovascular disease.

The Meanings of Sex Difference in the Middle Ages

The Meanings of Sex Difference in the Middle Ages Book
Author : Joan Cadden
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1995-03-31
ISBN : 9780521483780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines how scientific ideas about sex differences in the later Middle Ages participated in cultural assumptions about gender.

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine Book
Author : Marianne J. Legato
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-15
ISBN : 0128035420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The announcement that we had decoded the human genome in 2000 ushered in a new and unique era in biomedical research and clinical medicine. This Third Edition of Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine focuses, as in the past two editions, on the essentials of sexual dimorphism in human physiology and pathophysiology, but emphasizes the latest information about molecular biology and genomic science in a variety of disciplines. Thus, this edition is a departure from the previous two; the editor solicited individual manuscripts from innovative scientists in a variety of fields rather than the traditional arrangement of sections devoted to the various subspecialties of medicine edited by section chiefs. Wherever it was available, these authors incorporated the latest information about the impact of the genome and the elements that modify its expression on human physiology and illness. All chapters progress translationally from basic science to the clinical applications of gender-specific therapy and suggest the most important topics for future investigation. This book is essential reading for all biomedical investigators and medical educators involved in gender-specific medicine. It will also be useful for primary care practitioners who need information about the importance of sex and gender in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness. Outlines sex-specific differences in normal human function and explains the impact of age, hormones, and environment on the incidence and outcome of illness Reflects the latest information about the molecular basis of the sexual dimorphism in human physiology and the experience of disease Reviews the implications of our ever-improving ability to describe the genetic basis of vulnerability to disease and our capacity to alter the genome itself Illustrates the importance of new NIH guidelines that urge the inclusion of sex as a variable in research protocols

Hormones Sex and Society

Hormones  Sex  and Society Book
Author : Helmuth Nyborg
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780275946081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nyborg sets out to prove that classic ideas of the mind, learning, and memory must be re-examined through the lens of modern biology. Neuroscience and the biological and biomedical sciences have advanced far beyond the limits of 19th century neuroanatomy, and we now know that chemical neurotransmitters and circulating hormones act to alter electrical brain activity and structure. At the same time heredity is now recognized to be not as omnipotent as in the Nature/Nurture debate of the last century. Nyborg examines these issues, and he shows that recent research in the molecular and brain sciences makes it possible to develop alternative research programs that apply empirical, quantitative, natural science principles and methods in order to unravel intricate problems like human nature and society. He concludes this work with a new approach--Physicology--the study of physico-chemical processes behind body, brain, behavior, and society. This book will be of great interest to behavioral scientists, and all concerned with the impact of physico-chemical processes on the changes in ourselves and our societies.