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Sex Differences In Neurology And Psychiatry

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Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0444641246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry, Volume 175, addresses this important issue by viewing major neurological and psychiatric conditions through the lens of sexual dimorphism, providing an entirely novel approach to understanding vulnerability factors, as well as potential new treatment strategies in several common neuropsychiatric disorders. The handbook comprises four major sections: (1) Introduction to sex differences in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, (2) Description of the impact of genetic, epigenetic, sex hormonal and other environmental effects on cerebral sex dimorphism, (3) Review of sex differences in neurologic disorders, and (4) Review of sex differences in psychiatric disorders. Explores sex differences in human neuroanatomy and neurophysiology Offers a pathway toward a gender-specific treatment of neurologic and psychiatric disorders Provides an overview of the genetics of sex hormones, human brain structure, and function, as well as the epigenetics, environment and social context

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders Book
Author : Michael J. Zigmond,Clayton A. Wiley,Marie-Francoise Chesselet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-05-27
ISBN : 0323898254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders: Biological Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders, Second Edition provides basic scientists a comprehensive overview of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. This book links basic, translational, and clinical research, covering the genetic, developmental, molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying all major categories of brain disorders. It offers students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in diverse fields of neuroscience, neurobiology, neurology, and psychiatry the tools they need to obtain a basic background in the major neurological and psychiatric diseases. Topics include developmental, autoimmune, central, and peripheral neurodegeneration, infectious diseases, and diseases of higher function. Organized by individual disorder, each chapter includes coverage of the clinical condition, diagnosis, treatment, underlying mechanisms, relevant basic and translational research, and key unanswered questions. This volume reflects progress in the field since publication of the first edition, with fully updated chapters, and new chapters on isolation, aging, global diseases, vascular diseases, and toxic/metabolic disease. New disorder coverage includes fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, Restless Legs Syndrome, myasthenia gravis, and more. Links basic, translational and clinical research on disorders of the nervous system Covers a vast array of neurological and psychiatric disorders, including Down syndrome, autism, muscular dystrophy, diabetes, TBI, Parkinson's, Huntington's, Alzheimer's, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, depression and pain Features new chapters on the effects of aging and isolation on brain health Expands coverage on disorders, including new chapters on fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, and restless legs syndrome Features in-text summary points, special feature boxes and research questions

Neurology and Psychiatry of Women

Neurology and Psychiatry of Women Book
Author : Mary Angela O’Neal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-14
ISBN : 3030042456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive resource covers a range of women’s health issues and their intersection with neurologic and psychiatric disease. Chapters feature high quality, integrated information based on leading-edge research on gender-specific care and are grouped by reproductive years, pregnancy and health, and aging. Emerging science regarding sex differences in neurological and psychiatric illnesses, including anxiety, reproductive health, conversion disorders, depression and ethical issues in pregnancy, stroke risk factors, and successful aging strategies are covered along with clinical application of this knowledge to the delivery of care. In addition, in those medical problems that afflict both men and women, authors will point out the different risks, prevalence, presentations, and responses to treatments or outcomes in women. Written by renowned experts in the field, this textbook will thoroughly address the educational needs of physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in the areas of neurology, psychiatry, internal medicine, and obstetrics and expanding their understanding of concerns unique to female patients.

Sex and Gender Differences in Alzheimer s Disease

Sex and Gender Differences in Alzheimer s Disease Book
Author : Maria Teresa Ferretti,Annemarie Schumacher Dimech,Antonella Santuccione Chadha
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-23
ISBN : 012819345X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex and Gender Differences in Alzheimer’s Disease: The Women’s Brain Project offers for the first time a critical overview of the evidence documenting sex and gender differences in Alzheimer’s disease neurobiology, biomarkers, clinical presentation, treatment, clinical trials and their outcomes, and socioeconomic impact on both patients and caregivers. This knowledge is crucial for clinical development, digital health solutions, as well as social and psychological support to Alzheimer’s disease families, in the frame of a precision medicine approach to Alzheimer’s disease. This book brings together up-to-date findings from a variety of experts, covering basic neuroscience, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, clinical trials development, socioeconomic factors, and psychosocial support. Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, remains an unmet medical need for the planet. Wide interpersonal variability in disease onset, presentation, and biomarker profile make Alzheimer’s a clinical challenge to neuroscientists, clinicians, and drug developers alike, resulting in huge management costs for health systems and society. Not only do women represent the majority of Alzheimer’s disease patients, but they also represent two-thirds of caregivers. Understanding sex and gender differences in Alzheimer’s disease will lead to novel insights into disease mechanisms, and will be crucial for personalized disease management strategies and solutions, involving both the patient and their family. Provides a comprehensive and critical review of sex differences in Alzheimer’s disease Features discussion of sex and gender differences in disease biology, treatment, and socioeconomic factors, including impact on caregivers Combines the knowledge and points-of-view of neuroscientists, medical doctors, psychologists, policymakers, health scientists, and clinical trial experts, for a 360-degree view on the topic and its possible implications Edited by the Women’s Brain Project, the leading NGO in the field of sex and gender differences in brain and mental health as the gateway to precision medicine

From Sex Differences in Neuroscience to a Neuroscience of Sex Differences New Directions and Perspectives

From Sex Differences in Neuroscience to a Neuroscience of Sex Differences  New Directions and Perspectives Book
Author : Belinda Pletzer
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-07-05
ISBN : 2889196895
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research topic aims to integrate scattered findings on sex differences in neuroscience into a broader theory of how the human brain is shaped by sex and sex hormones in order to cause the great variety of sex differences that are commonly observed. It can be assumed that these differences didn’t occur arbitrarily, but that they rather determined and still determine evolutionary success of individuals and were shaped by the processes of natural and in particular sexual selection. Therefore, sex differences are not negligible and sex difference research cannot be discriminating against one sex or the other. In fact a better understanding of the underlying causes of sex differences has great advantages for both men and women and society as a whole, not only in terms of health care, but in every aspect of life. Gender equality can only work out if it is equally well understood for men and women what their individual resources and needs are. Therefore, it is of great importance to pave the way for identifying the underlying principles of structural and functional brain organization that cause men and women to act, think and feel differently. To this end it is of particular interest to identify possible similarities and interrelations between sex differences that did so far stand separately, in order to investigate whether they share a common source. To understand, where a specific sex difference comes from and whether or not it is caused by the same principle as other sex differences, it is necessary to explicitly link sex differences in behavior to their neuronal correlates and vice versa link sex differences in brain structure and function to their behavioral outcomes. In particular a new understanding of male and female brain functioning may arise from findings on how sex hormones interact with various neurotransmitter systems. In the past few years several findings demonstrated that women’s behavior is influenced by the sex hormone fluctuations they experience naturally during their menstrual cycle to the extent that sex differences may only be detectable in one cycle phase but not another. The study of menstrual cycle dependent effects gives important hints about which sex differences are activational and which are organizational. Additionally it only recently came to attention, that hormonal contraception may alter a women’s mood, cognition and behavior as a consequence of changes in brain structure and function. The underlying mechanisms are so poorly understood that it is even hard to predict, whether hormonal contraception will mask or amplify sex differences in a given task. Since the oral hormonal contraceptive pill is meanwhile used by 100 million women worldwide and even by teenagers whose brains are not yet fully developed, the question of how the synthetic steroids contained in hormonal contraceptives act on the brain is to be studied hand in hand with naturally occurring sex differences. This topic summarizes the current state of the art in sex difference research and gives new perspectives in terms of hypothesis generation an methodology. Both are necessary to gain a complete picture of what it is that makes a brain male or female and move towards a neuroscience of sex differences.

Sex Differences in the Human Brain their underpinnings and implications

Sex Differences in the Human Brain  their underpinnings and implications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-12-03
ISBN : 9780444536310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Progress in Brain Research documents recent developments and research findings in relation to sex and how the brain’s function and behavior differs from men to women. Specific areas include cerebral function, morphology and organization, sexual dimorphism, neural origins,and genetics and epigenetics, as well as potential causes/affects of stress, pain, sexual orientation and identity and other social issues such as distribution of disorders across the sexes and autism. * Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field * Highlights areas for future research * Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts

The Female Brain

The Female Brain Book
Author : Louann Brizendine, M.D.
Publisher : Harmony
Release : 2007-08-07
ISBN : 0767928415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since Dr. Brizendine wrote The Female Brain ten years ago, the response has been overwhelming. This New York Times bestseller has been translated into more than thirty languages, has sold nearly a million copies between editions, and has most recently inspired a romantic comedy starring Whitney Cummings and Sofia Vergara. And its profound scientific understanding of the nature and experience of the female brain continues to guide women as they pass through life stages, to help men better understand the girls and women in their lives, and to illuminate the delicate emotional machinery of a love relationship. Why are women more verbal than men? Why do women remember details of fights that men can’t remember at all? Why do women tend to form deeper bonds with their female friends than men do with their male counterparts? These and other questions have stumped both sexes throughout the ages. Now, pioneering neuropsychiatrist Louann Brizendine, M.D., brings together the latest findings to show how the unique structure of the female brain determines how women think, what they value, how they communicate, and who they love. While doing research as a medical student at Yale and then as a resident and faculty member at Harvard, Louann Brizendine discovered that almost all of the clinical data in existence on neurology, psychology, and neurobiology focused exclusively on males. In response to the overwhelming need for information on the female mind, Brizendine established the first clinic in the country to study and treat women’s brain function. In The Female Brain, Dr. Brizendine distills all her findings and the latest information from the scientific community in a highly accessible book that educates women about their unique brain/body/behavior. The result: women will come away from this book knowing that they have a lean, mean, communicating machine. Men will develop a serious case of brain envy.

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine Book
Author : Sabine Oertelt-Prigione,Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-15
ISBN : 9780857298324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a concise, easy to read professional text with a focus on practical aspects. All chapters include tables on sex/gender differences in symptoms and management and a series of suggestions to the novice in the field. Chapters are specialty-specific. The focus is not on women’s health, but the presentation of differences in clinical symptoms, management and outcomes in women and men. Gender Medicine strives to employ the knowledge about these differences to improve diagnosis, better understand pathogenesis and advance patient-oriented therapy.

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sex Differences in the Brain

Sex Differences in the Brain Book
Author : Jill B. Becker,Karen J. Berkley,Nori Geary,Elizabeth Hampson,James P. Herman,Elizabeth Young
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2007-12-04
ISBN : 0198042558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within the basic and clinical biomedical research community, there is increasing recognition that differences between males and females across the lifespan affect an individual's health, his/her development of disease, signs and symptoms of pathophysiology, and response to therapy. This book is intended as a resource for scientists, clinicians, and students of the nervous system and behavior- a trove of practical information about how to study sex differences in the brain as well as a discussion of what is already known on the topic.

Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences

Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences Book
Author : Annie Duchesne,Meng-Chuan Lai,Gillian Einstein,Belinda Pletzer,Marina A. Pavlova
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-07-14
ISBN : 2889638650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences book written by Annie Duchesne,Meng-Chuan Lai,Gillian Einstein,Belinda Pletzer,Marina A. Pavlova, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine Book
Author : Marianne J. Legato
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-10-29
ISBN : 9780080921501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of gender-specific medicine examines how normal human biology and physiology differ between men and women and how the diagnosis and treatment of disease differs as a function of gender. This revealing research covers various conditions that predominantly occur in men as well conditions that predominantly occur in women. Among the areas of greatest difference are cardiovascular disease, mood disorders, the immune system, lung cancer as a consequence of smoking, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, and infectious diseases. The Second Edition of Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine focuses on the essentials of gender-specific medicine and the current study of sex and gender differences in human physiology and pathophysiology. New section editors, new chapter authors, and new chapters have been added to reflect the most up-to-date clinical research and practice. Offers insight into how the gender-specific risks of one organ system’s disease affects the health of other organ systems Outlines the sex-specific differences of normal anatomy and physiology Illustrates the gender-specific features and quantifies "gender" and "sex" as risk factors across all major diseases Qualifies and analyzes the results of new drug therapies designed with gender-specific differences in mind: ex, hormone therapy in men and women for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease All chapters progress translationally from the basic science to the clinical applications of gender-specific therapies, drugs, or treatments Sections on drug metabolism, aging, and meta-analysis of data incorporated into all disease-specific chapters

Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health

Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health Book
Author : Dora Kohen
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-03-18
ISBN : 0199214360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health presents a balanced understanding of different aspects of gender and mental health. Exploring issues covering psychological, social, and cultural aspects of mental health problems, this work looks at epidemiological data that shows the increased frequency of different clinical aspects of many psychiatric disorders in women, and helps readers to appreciate the societal, parental, and personal consequences of mental health problems. The online version of the Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health contains the full text of the print edition (which can be browsed by the contents list or searched), links from references in the text to external sources (via PubMed, ISI, and CrossRef), and all figures and illustrations from the print edition, downloadable into PowerPoint.

The Female Brain

The Female Brain Book
Author : Cynthia L. Darlington
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-04-27
ISBN : 1420077457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of The Female Brain laid the groundwork for gaining a better understanding of the female brain, examining the evidence for structural and functional differences between the brains of males and females. Addressing a wealth of new research, the second edition continues in this vein, leading readers through the basic principles of anatomy and physiology and on to the complex behavioral functions which constitute the workings of the normal and abnormal female brain. Examines Questions about Structural and Functional Differences The book addresses the question of structural and functional differences between the female brain and the male brain. Are there differences? How good is the evidence? Where do the differences lie? Are there differences in the neuroanatomy of females, and if so, where? Do females and males process information differently, and if so, how? The author puts the relative lack of information on the female brain into historical perspective and reviews empirical evidence relevant to the different aspects of brain structure and function. She elucidates laterality, the functional asymmetry of the brain, the left brain-right brain distinctions, and how they differ between females and males. A Clear Presentation and Evaluation of Medical and Scientific Evidence Filled with rigorous scientific analysis in an easily accessible format and detailed explanatory diagrams, the book systematically develops the topic from anatomy to behavior. It draws on current research to explain why men and women behave differently and why these differences should be exploited when designing research and clinical studies.

Neuropsychological Assessment

Neuropsychological Assessment Book
Author : Professor of Neurology Psychiatry and Neurosurgery Muriel D Lezak,Muriel Deutsch Lezak,Associate Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry Diane B Howieson,Diane B. Howieson,Professor of Neurology David W Loring,David W. Loring,Jill S. Fischer
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780195111217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised text provides coverage of research and clinical practice in neuropsychology. The 4th edition contains new material on tests, assessment techniques, neurobehavioral disorders, and treatment effects.

Considering Biological Sex in Neurological Research

Considering Biological Sex in Neurological Research Book
Author : Anat Biegon,Erin Sundermann,Patricia Coyle,Pia Charlotte Sundgren
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-09-09
ISBN : 2889712737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Considering Biological Sex in Neurological Research book written by Anat Biegon,Erin Sundermann,Patricia Coyle,Pia Charlotte Sundgren, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Women and Mental Health

Women and Mental Health Book
Author : Dora Kohen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-02-04
ISBN : 1317798228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We know that gender traits and mental disorders are based on social, cultural, personal and physiological background. In order to formulate the best management plan for the patient, the mental health practitioner needs to incorporate all available information. Women and Mental Health provides a comprehensive overview of the most prominent mental health problems in women today. Examining the physiological, social and psychological factors of mental illness, and providing an up-to-date perspective on the etiology of different disorders, the book will help mental health professionals formulate the best management plan for the individual. Covering issues including perinatal psychiatric disorders, depression, eating disorders, schizophrenia, and alcohol and drug abuse - from a female perspective - Women and Mental Health will prove a valuable tool for all those working in the fields of mental health.

Cognition and Sex Differences

Cognition and Sex Differences Book
Author : Colin Hamilton
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2008-04-04
ISBN : 1350312177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides a fascinating approach to the widely studied area of individual differences and in particular sex differences. The book looks at perception, attention, memory, language and other cognitive domains, with each chapter outlining the processes involved before explaining the relationship between each sex and cognitive performance.

Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Book
Author : Tobias Banaschewski,David Coghill,Alessandro Zuddas
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-05-11
ISBN : 0191059765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders affecting children and adolescents. The condition is characterized by a persistent pattern of behavioural symptoms including inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness associated with substantial impairment in social, academic, and/or occupational functioning. Clinical and research interest in the topic of ADHD has grown substantially in recent years but, despite this, there is still a lack of up-to-date reference texts devoted to the diagnosis, assessment, and management of patients with these conditions. Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry series, the Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder attempts to bridge this gap by providing an authoritative, multi-disciplinary guide to the latest research developments in the diagnosis, assessment, and management of patients with ADHD. Organized into eight key sections, this textbook covers the aetiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, co-morbidity, clinical assessment, and clinical management of ADHD. Individual chapters address key topics such as the clinical assessment of ADHD in adults, and contain information on best practice, current diagnostic guidelines including DSM-5 and ICD-11, and key up-to-date references for further reading. Edited and written by an international group of recognized experts, the Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a comprehensive resource suitable for child and adolescent psychiatrists, adult psychiatrists, and psychiatric trainees, as well as child psychologists, paediatricians, psychiatric nurses, and other mental health care professionals.

The Cambridge Handbook of the International Psychology of Women

The Cambridge Handbook of the International Psychology of Women Book
Author : Fanny M. Cheung,Diane F. Halpern
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 1108602185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a growing knowledge base in understanding the differences and similarities between women and men, as well as the diversities among women and sexualities. Although genetic and biological characteristics define human beings conventionally as women and men, their experiences are contextualized in multiple dimensions in terms of gender, sexuality, class, age, ethnicity, and other social dimensions. Beyond the biological and genetic basis of gender differences, gender intersects with culture and other social locations which affect the socialization and development of women across their life span. This handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date resource to understand the intersectionality of gender differences, to dispel myths, and to examine gender-relevant as well as culturally relevant implications and appropriate interventions. Featuring a truly international mix of contributors, and incorporating cross-cultural research and comparative perspectives, this handbook will inform mainstream psychology of the international literature on the psychology of women and gender.