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Sets And Extensions In The Twentieth Century

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Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century

Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century Book
Author : Dov M. Gabbay,Akihiro Kanamori,John Woods
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-16
ISBN : 0444516212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In designing the Handbook of the History of Logic, the Editors have taken the view that the history of logic holds more than an antiquarian interest, and that a knowledge of logic's rich and sophisticated development is, in various respects, relevant to the research programmes of the present day. Ancient logic is no exception. The present volume attests to the distant origins of some of modern logic's most important features, such as can be found in the claim by the authors of the chapter on Aristotle's early logic that, from its infancy, the theory of the syllogism is an example of an intuitionistic, non-monotonic, relevantly paraconsistent logic. Similarly, in addition to its comparative earliness, what is striking about the best of the Megarian and Stoic traditions is their sophistication and originality.

Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century

Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : North Holland
Release : 2012-03-16
ISBN : 9780444516213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Set theory is an autonomous and sophisticated field of mathematics that is extremely successful at analyzing mathematical propositions and gauging their consistency strength. It is as a field of mathematics that both proceeds with its own internal questions and is capable of contextualizing over a broad range, which makes set theory an intriguing and highly distinctive subject. This handbook covers the rich history of scientific turning points in set theory, providing fresh insights and points of view. Written by leading researchers in the field, both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in mathematics, the history of philosophy, and any discipline such as computer science, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration Serves as a singular contribution to the intellectual history of the 20th century Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights

Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century

Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-24
ISBN : 0080930662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Set theory is an autonomous and sophisticated field of mathematics that is extremely successful at analyzing mathematical propositions and gauging their consistency strength. It is as a field of mathematics that both proceeds with its own internal questions and is capable of contextualizing over a broad range, which makes set theory an intriguing and highly distinctive subject. This handbook covers the rich history of scientific turning points in set theory, providing fresh insights and points of view. Written by leading researchers in the field, both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in mathematics, the history of philosophy, and any discipline such as computer science, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration Serves as a singular contribution to the intellectual history of the 20th century Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights

Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century

Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century Book
Author : Charles Parsons
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2014-03-10
ISBN : 0674419502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In these selected essays, Charles Parsons surveys the contributions of philosophers and mathematicians who shaped the philosophy of mathematics over the past century: Brouwer, Hilbert, Bernays, Weyl, Gödel, Russell, Quine, Putnam, Wang, and Tait.

On the Cognitive Ethical and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence

On the Cognitive  Ethical  and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Don Berkich,Matteo Vincenzo d'Alfonso
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-28
ISBN : 3030018008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume explores the intersection between philosophy and computing. It features work presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the International Association for Computing and Philosophy. The 23 contributions to this volume neatly represent a cross section of 40 papers, four keynote addresses, and eight symposia as they cut across six distinct research agendas. The volume begins with foundational studies in computation and information, epistemology and philosophy of science, and logic. The contributions next examine research into computational aspects of cognition and philosophy of mind. This leads to a look at moral dimensions of man-machine interaction as well as issues of trust, privacy, and justice. This multi-disciplinary or, better yet, a-disciplinary investigation reveals the fruitfulness of erasing distinctions among and boundaries between established academic disciplines. This should come as no surprise. The computational turn itself is a-disciplinary and no former discipline, whether scientific, artistic, or humanistic, has remained unchanged. Rigorous reflection on the nature of these changes opens the door to inquiry into the nature of the world, what constitutes our knowledge of it, and our understanding of our place in it. These investigations are only just beginning. The contributions to this volume make this clear: many encourage further research and end with open questions.

The Foundations of Computability Theory

The Foundations of Computability Theory Book
Author : Borut Robič
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-13
ISBN : 3662624214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an original and informative view of the development of fundamental concepts of computability theory. The treatment is put into historical context, emphasizing the motivation for ideas as well as their logical and formal development. In Part I the author introduces computability theory, with chapters on the foundational crisis of mathematics in the early twentieth century, and formalism. In Part II he explains classical computability theory, with chapters on the quest for formalization, the Turing Machine, and early successes such as defining incomputable problems, c.e. (computably enumerable) sets, and developing methods for proving incomputability. In Part III he explains relative computability, with chapters on computation with external help, degrees of unsolvability, the Turing hierarchy of unsolvability, the class of degrees of unsolvability, c.e. degrees and the priority method, and the arithmetical hierarchy. Finally, in the new Part IV the author revisits the computability (Church-Turing) thesis in greater detail. He offers a systematic and detailed account of its origins, evolution, and meaning, he describes more powerful, modern versions of the thesis, and he discusses recent speculative proposals for new computing paradigms such as hypercomputing. This is a gentle introduction from the origins of computability theory up to current research, and it will be of value as a textbook and guide for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers in the domains of computability theory and theoretical computer science. This new edition is completely revised, with almost one hundred pages of new material. In particular the author applied more up-to-date, more consistent terminology, and he addressed some notational redundancies and minor errors. He developed a glossary relating to computability theory, expanded the bibliographic references with new entries, and added the new part described above and other new sections.

Philosophy of Science Logic and Mathematics in the Twentieth Century

Philosophy of Science  Logic and Mathematics in the Twentieth Century Book
Author : Stuart G. Shanker
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780415308816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The twentieth century witnessed the birth of analytic philosophy. This volume covers some of its key movements and philosophers, including Frege and Wittgenstein's Tractatus.

Russian Mathematicians in the 20th Century

Russian Mathematicians in the 20th Century Book
Author : Yakov Sinai
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9789812383853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the 20th century, many mathematicians in Russia made great contributions to the field of mathematics. This invaluable book, which presents the main achievements of Russian mathematicians in that century, is the first most comprehensive book on Russian mathematicians. It has been produced as a gesture of respect and appreciation for those mathematicians and it will serve as a good reference and an inspiration for future mathematicians. It presents differences in mathematical styles and focuses on Soviet mathematicians who often discussed “what to do” rather than “how to do it”. Thus, the book will be valued beyond historical documentation.The editor, Professor Yakov Sinai, a distinguished Russian mathematician, has taken pains to select leading Russian mathematicians — such as Lyapunov, Luzin, Egorov, Kolmogorov, Pontryagin, Vinogradov, Sobolev, Petrovski and Krein — and their most important works. One can, for example, find works of Lyapunov, which parallel those of Poincaré; and works of Luzin, whose analysis plays a very important role in the history of Russian mathematics; Kolmogorov has established the foundations of probability based on analysis. The editor has tried to provide some parity and, at the same time, included papers that are of interest even today.The original works of the great mathematicians will prove to be enjoyable to readers and useful to the many researchers who are preserving the interest in how mathematics was done in the former Soviet Union.

Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Photography 3 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Photography  3 Volume Set Book
Author : Lynne Warren
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2005-11-15
ISBN : 1135205434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Photography explores the vast international scope of twentieth-century photography and explains that history with a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary manner. This unique approach covers the aesthetic history of photography as an evolving art and documentary form, while also recognizing it as a developing technology and cultural force. This Encyclopedia presents the important developments, movements, photographers, photographic institutions, and theoretical aspects of the field along with information about equipment, techniques, and practical applications of photography. To bring this history alive for the reader, the set is illustrated in black and white throughout, and each volume contains a color plate section. A useful glossary of terms is also included.

Fast Track to Forcing

Fast Track to Forcing Book
Author : Mirna Džamonja
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 110842015X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For those who wonder if the forcing theory is beyond their means: no. Directions to research in forcing are given.

Logic Without Borders

Logic Without Borders Book
Author : Åsa Hirvonen,Juha Kontinen,Roman Kossak,Andrés Villaveces
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2015-03-10
ISBN : 1614516871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, mathematical logic has developed in many directions, the initial unity of its subject matter giving way to a myriad of seemingly unrelated areas. The articles collected here, which range from historical scholarship to recent research in geometric model theory, squarely address this development. These articles also connect to the diverse work of Väänänen, whose ecumenical approach to logic reflects the unity of the discipline.

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century Book
Author : Scott Soames
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780691115740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date. As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries--from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke--he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear. Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century Volume 2

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century  Volume 2 Book
Author : Scott Soames
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2009-02-09
ISBN : 1400825806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date. As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries--from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke--he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear. Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

Paradoxes and Inconsistent Mathematics

Paradoxes and Inconsistent Mathematics Book
Author : Zach Weber
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 1108999026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Logical paradoxes – like the Liar, Russell's, and the Sorites – are notorious. But in Paradoxes and Inconsistent Mathematics, it is argued that they are only the noisiest of many. Contradictions arise in the everyday, from the smallest points to the widest boundaries. In this book, Zach Weber uses “dialetheic paraconsistency” – a formal framework where some contradictions can be true without absurdity – as the basis for developing this idea rigorously, from mathematical foundations up. In doing so, Weber directly addresses a longstanding open question: how much standard mathematics can paraconsistency capture? The guiding focus is on a more basic question, of why there are paradoxes. Details underscore a simple philosophical claim: that paradoxes are found in the ordinary, and that is what makes them so extraordinary.

Mathematical Logic in the 20th Century

Mathematical Logic in the 20th Century Book
Author : Gerald E Sacks
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003-08-13
ISBN : 9814490199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable book is a collection of 31 important — both in ideas and results — papers published by mathematical logicians in the 20th Century. The papers have been selected by Professor Gerald E Sacks. Some of the authors are Gödel, Kleene, Tarski, A Robinson, Kreisel, Cohen, Morley, Shelah, Hrushovski and Woodin. Contents:The Independence of the Continuum Hypothesis (P J Cohen)Higher Set Theory and Mathematical Practice (H M Friedman)Measurable Cardinals and Analytic Games (D A Martin)Categoricity in Power (M Morley)Hyperanalytic Predicates (Y N Moschovakis)Stable Theories (S Shelah)On the Singular Cardinals Problem (J Silver)On Degrees of Recursive Unsolvability (C Spector)Denumerable Models of Complete Theories (R L Vaught)Supercompact Cardinals, Sets of Reals, and Weakly Homogeneous Trees (W H Woodin)and other papers Readership: Researchers and graduate students in logic. Keywords:JFM 65.0185.02;Mathematical LogicReviews:“… overall we must be grateful for getting all this wonderful stuff available in one convenient place.” Zentralblatt MATH “This volume makes an indispensable addition to the numerous lecture notes and monographs on mathematical logic lying on our bookshelves.”Acta Scientiarum Mathematicarum

A Companion to Metaphysics

A Companion to Metaphysics Book
Author : Jaegwon Kim,Ernest Sosa,Gary S. Rosenkrantz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-03-12
ISBN : 9781444308532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fully extended and revised, A Companion to Metaphysics 2ndEdition includes a section of detailed review essays fromrenowned metaphysicians, and the addition of more than 30 newencyclopedic entries, taking the number of entries to over 300. Includes revisions to existing encyclopedic entries Features more than 30 all-new "A to Z" entries Offers a section of in-depth, essays from renownedmetaphysicians Provides the most complete and up-to-date reference guide forstudents and professionals alike

The Philosophy of Hilary Putnam

The Philosophy of Hilary Putnam Book
Author : Randall E. Auxier,Douglas R. Anderson,Lewis Edwin Hahn
Publisher : Open Court
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 0812698983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hilary Putnam, who turned 88 in 2014, is one of the world’s greatest living philosophers. He currently holds the position of Cogan University Professor Emeritus of Harvard. He has been called “one of the 20th century’s true philosophic giants” (by Malcolm Thorndike Nicholson in Prospect magazine in 2013). He has been very influential in several different areas of philosophy: philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science. This volume in the prestigious Library of Living Philosophers series contains 26 chapters original to this work, each written by a well-known philosopher, including the late Richard Rorty and the late Michael Dummett. The volume also includes Putnam’s reply to each of the 26 critical and descriptive essays, which cover the broad range of Putnam’s thought. They are organized thematically into the following parts: Philosophy and Mathematics, Logic and Language, Knowing and Being, Philosophy of Practice, and Elements of Pragmatism. Readers will also appreciate the extensive Intellectual Autobiography.

Twentieth Century Harmonic Analysis

Twentieth Century Harmonic Analysis Book
Author : J.S. Byrnes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-09-30
ISBN : 9780792371694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Il Ciocco, Italy, 2-15 July 2000

A Panorama of Hungarian Mathematics in the Twentieth Century I

A Panorama of Hungarian Mathematics in the Twentieth Century  I Book
Author : Janos Horvath
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-06-28
ISBN : 3540307214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A glorious period of Hungarian mathematics started in 1900 when Lipót Fejér discovered the summability of Fourier series.This was followed by the discoveries of his disciples in Fourier analysis and in the theory of analytic functions. At the same time Frederic (Frigyes) Riesz created functional analysis and Alfred Haar gave the first example of wavelets. Later the topics investigated by Hungarian mathematicians broadened considerably, and included topology, operator theory, differential equations, probability, etc. The present volume, the first of two, presents some of the most remarkable results achieved in the twentieth century by Hungarians in analysis, geometry and stochastics. The book is accessible to anyone with a minimum knowledge of mathematics. It is supplemented with an essay on the history of Hungary in the twentieth century and biographies of those mathematicians who are no longer active. A list of all persons referred to in the chapters concludes the volume.