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Semiconductors And The Information Revolution

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Semiconductors and the Information Revolution

Semiconductors and the Information Revolution Book
Author : John W. Orton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-06-17
ISBN : 9780080963907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductors and the Information Revolution sets out to explain the development of modern electronic systems and devices from the viewpoint of the semiconductor materials (germanium, silicon, gallium arsenide and many others) which made them possible. It covers the scientific understanding of these materials and its intimate relationship with their technology and many applications. It began with Michael Faraday, took off in a big way with the invention of the transistor at Bell Labs in 1947 and is still burgeoning today. It is a story to match any artistic or engineering achievement of man and this is the first time it has been presented in a style suited to the non-specialist. It is written in a lively, non-mathematical style which brings out the excitement of discovery and the fascinating interplay between the demands of system pull and technological push. It also looks at the nature of some of the personal interactions which helped to shape the modern technological world. An introductory chapter illustrates just how dependent we are on modern electronic systems and explains the significance of semiconductors in their development. It also provides, in as painless a way as possible, a necessary understanding of semiconductor properties in relation to these applications. The second chapter takes up the historical account and ends with some important results emerging from the Second World War – including its effect on the organisation of scientific research. Chapter three describes the world-shaking discovery of the transistor and some of the early struggles to make it commercially viable, including the marketing of the first transistor radio. In chapter four we meet the integrated circuit which gave shape to much of our modern life in the form of the personal computer (and which gave rise to a famously long-running patent war!). Later chapters cover the application of compound semiconductors to light-emitting devices, such as LEDs and lasers, and light detecting devices such as photocells. We learn how these developments led to the invention of the CD player and DVD recorder, how other materials were applied to the development of sophisticated night vision equipment, fibre optical communications systems, solar photovoltaic panels and flat panel displays. Similarly, microwave techniques essential to our modern day love of mobile phoning are seen to depend on clever materials scientists who, not for the first time, "invented" new semiconductors with just the right properties. Altogether, it is an amazing story and one which deserves to be more widely known. Read this book and you will be rewarded with a much deeper understanding and appreciation of the technological revolution which shapes so many aspects of our lives. A historical account of the development of semiconductor physics, devices and applications from the nineteenth century to the present day Coverage of the importance of material quality and its relation to the physics of the devices Presented in a strictly non-mathematical and anecedotal way, to appeal to a wide audience Provides the broad sweep of science history

The Second Information Revolution

The Second Information Revolution Book
Author : Gerald W. BROCK,Gerald W Brock
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2009-06-30
ISBN : 0674028791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to inexpensive computers and data communications, the speed and volume of human communication are exponentially greater than they were even a quarter-century ago. Not since the advent of the telephone and telegraph in the nineteenth century has information technology changed daily life so radically. We are in the midst of what Gerald Brock calls a second information revolution. Brock traces the complex history of this revolution, from its roots in World War II through the bursting bubble of the Internet economy. As he explains, the revolution sprang from an interdependent series of technological advances, entrepreneurial innovations, and changes to public policy. Innovations in radar, computers, and electronic components for defense projects translated into rapid expansion in the private sector, but some opportunities were blocked by regulatory policies. The contentious political effort to accommodate new technology while protecting beneficiaries of the earlier regulated monopoly eventually resulted in a regulatory structure that facilitated the explosive growth in data communications. Brock synthesizes these complex factors into a readable economic history of the wholesale transformation of the way we exchange and process information. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments Abbreviations 1. Introduction The Promise of Regulation Conceptual Framework 2. The First Information Revolution The Development of Telegraph Services The Telephone and State Regulation Radio and Federal Regulation 3. Technological Origins of the Second Information Revolution, 1940-1950 Radar The Transistor Electronic Digital Computers 4. The SAGE Project I. THE SEPARATE WORLDS OF COMPUTERS AND COMMUNICATIONS, 1950-1968 5. The Early Semiconductor Industry The Creation of a Competitive Market Innovation and the Integrated Circuit Falling Prices, Rising Output 6. The Early Commercial Computer Industry Vacuum-Tube and Transistor Computers The System/360 and IBM Dominance Alternatives to IBM Computers 7. The Regulated Monopoly Telephone Industry Antitrust and the 1956 Consent Decree Microwave Technology and Potential Long Distance Competition Central Office Switches Terminal Equipment II. BOUNDARY DISPUTES AND LIMITED COMPETITION, 1969-1984 8. Data Communications Packet-Switching and the Arpanet Network Protocols and Interconnection Local Area Networks and Ethernet 9. From Mainframes to Microprocessors Intel and the Microprocessor Personal Computers and Workstations 10. The Computer-Communications Boundary Computer-Assisted Messages: Communications or Data Processing? Smart Terminals: Teletypewriters or Computers? Interconnection of Customer-Owned Equipment with the Telephone Network The Deregulation of Terminal Equipment The Deregulation of Enhanced Services 11. Fringe Competition in Long Distance Telephone Service Competition in Specialized Services Competition in Switched Services The Transition to Optical Fiber 12. Divestiture and Access Charges The Divestiture Access Charges The Enhanced Service Provider Exemption III. INTERCONNECTED COMPETITION AND INTEGRATED SERVICES, 1985-2002 13. Mobile Telephones and Spectrum Reform Early Land Mobile Telephones Cellular Spectrum Allocation Cellular Licensing Problems Spectrum Institutional Reform PCS and Auctions 14. Local Competition and the Telecommunications Act of 1996 Competitive Access Providers Interconnection: CAP to CLEC The Telecommunications Act of 1996 Implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 15. The Internet and the World Wide Web The Commercial Internet and Backbone Interconnection The Development of the Web The New Economy Financial Boom and Bust Real Growth in Telecommunication and Price Benefits 16. Conclusion Technological Progress and Policy Evolution The Process of Institutional Change Final Comment References Index Reviews of this book: The Second Information Revolution is important reading for anyone who needs to understand the functioning of American telecommunications, either to be able to analyse today's financial markets or to understand or influence public policy in this area. --Wendy M. Grossman, Times Higher Education Supplement [UK] Reviews of this book: Brock traces a phenomenon he refers to as the 'second information revolution.' According to Brock, there have been two times in history when information technology has dramatically changed daily life. The first 'information revolution' occurred with the advent of the telephone and telegraph, which made communication less expensive and more readily available. The second information revolution is currently in progress...A concise, thorough, and well-written history of the transformation in exchanging and processing of information. --K. A. Coombs, Choice

China s Information Revolution

China s Information Revolution Book
Author : Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang,World Bank
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1997 China has devoted considerable resources to ICT development. It now has the world's largest telecommunications market, and its IT industry has been an engine of economic growth;growing two to three times faster than GDP. E-government has achieved significant results and the private sector uses ICT. The 10 year mark is thus a good time to update the policy to reflect the changing needs of China's evolving economy so that it can meet the challenges of industrialisation, urbanisation, upgraded consumption and social mobility. This publication is the resultof an 18 month study by a World Bank team that draws on background papers by Chinese researches, local case studies and experience form other countries.

Silicon Photonics

Silicon Photonics Book
Author : Daryl Inniss,Roy Rubenstein
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 0128029927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicon photonics uses chip-making techniques to fabricate photonic circuits. The emerging technology is coming to market at a time of momentous change. The need of the Internet content providers to keep scaling their data centers is becoming increasing challenging, the chip industry is facing a future without Moore’s law, while telcos must contend with a looming capacity crunch due to continual traffic growth. Each of these developments is significant in its own right. Collectively, they require new thinking in the design of chips, optical components, and systems. Such change also signals new business opportunities and disruption. Notwithstanding challenges, silicon photonics’ emergence is timely because it is the future of several industries. For the optical industry, the technology will allow designs to be tackled in new ways. For the chip industry, silicon photonics will become the way of scaling post-Moore’s law. New system architectures enabled by silicon photonics will improve large-scale computing and optical communications. Silicon Photonics: Fueling the Next Information Revolution outlines the history and status of silicon photonics. The book discusses the trends driving the datacom and telecom industries, the main but not the only markets for silicon photonics. In particular, developments in optical transport and the data center are discussed as are the challenges. The book details the many roles silicon photonics will play, from wide area networks down to the chip level. Silicon photonics is set to change the optical components and chip industries; this book explains how. Captures the latest research assessing silicon photonics development and prospects Demonstrates how silicon photonics addresses the challenges of managing bandwidth over distance and within systems Explores potential applications of SiP, including servers, datacenters, and Internet of Things

Revolution in Miniature

Revolution in Miniature Book
Author : Ernest Braun,Stuart MacDonald
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1982-10-21
ISBN : 9780521289030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A basic contribution to the discussion of semiconductor electronics, the major technology of our age.

Semiconductors

Semiconductors Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

English translation of Fizika i tekhnika poluprovodnikov; covers semiconductor research in countries of the Former Soviet Union. Topics include semiconductor theory, transport phenomena in semiconductors, optics, magneto-optics, and electro-optics of semiconductors, semiconductor lasers, and semiconductor surface physics. Includes book reviews.

Business Korea

Business Korea Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Business Korea book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Communications Information Processing and the Productivity Revolution

Communications  Information Processing and the Productivity Revolution Book
Author : Arthur D. Little, Inc
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Communications Information Processing and the Productivity Revolution book written by Arthur D. Little, Inc, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Datamation

Datamation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Datamation book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Semiconductors

Semiconductors Book
Author : Christos Cabolis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Semiconductors book written by Christos Cabolis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Business Week

Business Week Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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CEER Chemical Economy Engineering Review

CEER  Chemical Economy   Engineering Review Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CEER Chemical Economy Engineering Review book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Scientific American

Scientific American Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific American book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New York University Journal of International Law Politics

New York University Journal of International Law   Politics Book
Author : New York University. International Law Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New York University Journal of International Law Politics book written by New York University. International Law Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Great Reckoning

The Great Reckoning Book
Author : James Dale Davidson,William Rees-Mogg
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9780671869946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Features hundreds of investment tips and forecasts and offers readers fifteen ways to build a solid financial foundation

Euro Abstracts

Euro Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Compound Semiconductor

Compound Semiconductor Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Evaluation Engineering

Evaluation Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1962
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evaluation Engineering book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

International Labour Documentation

International Labour Documentation Book
Author : International Labour Office. Central Library and Documentation Bureau
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Labour Documentation book written by International Labour Office. Central Library and Documentation Bureau, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.