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Semiconductor Lasers

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Semiconductor Lasers

Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Junji Ohtsubo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-03
ISBN : 3319561383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the fascinating recent advances made concerning the chaos, stability and instability of semiconductor lasers, and discusses their applications and future prospects in detail. It emphasizes the dynamics in semiconductor lasers by optical and electronic feedback, optical injection, and injection current modulation. Applications of semiconductor laser chaos, control and noise, and semiconductor lasers are also demonstrated. Semiconductor lasers with new structures, such as vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and broad-area semiconductor lasers, are intriguing and promising devices. Current topics include fast physical number generation using chaotic semiconductor lasers for secure communication, development of chaos, quantum-dot semiconductor lasers and quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers, and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. This fourth edition has been significantly expanded to reflect the latest developments. The fundamental theory of laser chaos and the chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers are discussed, but also for example the method of self-mixing interferometry in quantum-cascade lasers, which is indispensable in practical applications. Further, this edition covers chaos synchronization between two lasers and the application to secure optical communications. Another new topic is the consistency and synchronization property of many coupled semiconductor lasers in connection with the analogy of the dynamics between synaptic neurons and chaotic semiconductor lasers, which are compatible nonlinear dynamic elements. In particular, zero-lag synchronization between distant neurons plays a crucial role for information processing in the brain. Lastly, the book presents an application of the consistency and synchronization property in chaotic semiconductor lasers, namely a type of neuro-inspired information processing referred to as reservoir computing.

Fundamentals of Semiconductor Lasers

Fundamentals of Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Takahiro Numai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2006-05-10
ISBN : 0387217975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The detailed and comprehensive presentation is unique in that it encourages the reader to consider different semiconductor lasers from different angles. Emphasis is placed on recognizing common concepts such operating principles and structure, and solving problems based on individual situations. The treatment is enhanced by an historical account of advances in semiconductor lasers over the years, discussing both those ideas that have persisted over the years and those that have faded out.

Semiconductor Lasers I

Semiconductor Lasers I Book
Author : Eli Kapon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1999-01-12
ISBN : 0080540929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the device physics of semiconductor lasers in five chapters written by recognized experts in this field. The volume begins by introducing the basic mechanisms of optical gain in semiconductors and the role of quantum confinement in modern quantum well diode lasers. Subsequent chapters treat the effects of built-in strain, one of the important recent advances in the technology of these lasers, and the physical mechanisms underlying the dynamics and high speed modulation of these devices. The book concludes with chapters addressing the control of photon states in squeezed-light and microcavity structures, and electron states in low dimensional quantum wire and quantum dot lasers. The book offers useful information for both readers unfamiliar with semiconductor lasers, through the introductory parts of each chapter, as well as a state-of-the-art discussion of some of the most advanced semiconductor laser structures, intended for readers engaged in research in this field. This book may also serve as an introduction for the companion volume, Semiconductor Lasers II: Materials and Structures, which presents further details on the different material systems and laser structures used for achieving specific diode laser performance features. Introduces the reader to the basics of semiconductor lasers Covers the fundamentals of lasing in semiconductors, including quantum confined and microcavity structures Beneficial to readers interested in the more general aspects of semiconductor physics and optoelectronic devices, such as quantum confined heterostructures and integrated optics Each chapter contains a thorough introduction to the topic geared toward the non-expert, followed by an in-depth discussion of current technology and future trends Useful for professionals engaged in research and development Contains numerous schematic and data-containing illustrations

Nanoscale Semiconductor Lasers

Nanoscale Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Cunzhu Tong,Chennupati Jagadish
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-06
ISBN : 0128141638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscale Semiconductor Lasers focuses on specific issues relating to laser nanomaterials and their use in laser technology. The book presents both fundamental theory and a thorough overview of the diverse range of applications that have been developed using laser technology based on novel nanostructures and nanomaterials. Technologies covered include nanocavity lasers, carbon dot lasers, 2D material lasers, plasmonic lasers, spasers, quantum dot lasers, quantum dash and nanowire lasers. Each chapter outlines the fundamentals of the topic and examines material and optical properties set alongside device properties, challenges, issues and trends. Dealing with a scope of materials from organic to carbon nanostructures and nanowires to semiconductor quantum dots, this book will be of interest to graduate students, researchers and scientific professionals in a wide range of fields relating to laser development and semiconductor technologies. Provides an overview of the active field of nanostructured lasers, illustrating the latest topics and applications Demonstrates how to connect different classes of material to specific applications Gives an overview of several approaches to confine and control light emission and amplification using nanostructured materials and nano-scale cavities

Semiconductor Lasers

Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Govind P. Agrawal,Niloy K. Dutta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-27
ISBN : 1461304814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since its invention in 1962, the semiconductor laser has come a long way. Advances in material purity and epitaxial growth techniques have led to a variety of semiconductor lasers covering a wide wavelength range of 0. 3- 100 ~m. The development during the 1970s of GaAs semiconductor lasers, emitting in the near-infrared region of 0. 8-0. 9 ~m, resulted in their use for the first generation of optical fiber communication systems. However, to take advantage oflow losses in silica fibers occurring around 1. 3 and 1. 55 ~m, the emphasis soon shifted toward long-wavelength semiconductor lasers. The material system of choice in this wavelength range has been the quaternary alloy InGaAsP. During the last five years or so, the intense development effort devoted to InGaAsP lasers has resulted in a technology mature enough that lightwave transmission systems using InGaAsP lasers are currently being deployed throughout the world. This book is intended to provide a comprehensive account of long-wave length semiconductor lasers. Particular attention is paid to InGaAsP lasers, although we also consider semiconductor lasers operating at longer wave lengths. The objective is to provide an up-to-date understanding of semicon ductor lasers while incorporating recent research results that are not yet available in the book form. Although InGaAsP lasers are often used as an example, the basic concepts discussed in this text apply to all semiconductor lasers, irrespective of their wavelengths.

Advances in Semiconductor Lasers

Advances in Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-06-12
ISBN : 0123910676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductors and Semimetals has distinguished itself through the careful selection of well-known authors, editors, and contributors. Originally widely known as the "Willardson and Beer" Series, it has succeeded in publishing numerous landmark volumes and chapters. The series publishes timely, highly relevant volumes intended for long-term impact and reflecting the truly interdisciplinary nature of the field. The volumes in Semiconductors and Semimetals have been and will continue to be of great interest to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in academia, scientific laboratories and modern industry. The series publishes timely, highly relevant volumes intended for long-term impact and reflecting the truly interdisciplinary nature of the field

Theory of Semiconductor Lasers

Theory of Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Minoru Yamada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 9784431562214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a unified and complete theory for semiconductor lasers, covering topics ranging from the principles of classical and quantum mechanics to highly advanced levels for readers who need to analyze the complicated operating characteristics generated in the real application of semiconductor lasers. The author conducts a theoretical analysis especially on the instabilities involved in the operation of semiconductor lasers. A density matrix into the theory for semiconductor lasers is introduced and the formulation of an improved rate equation to help understand the mode competition phenomena which cause the optical external feedback noise is thoroughly described from the basic quantum mechanics. The derivation of the improved rate equation will allow readers to extend the analysis for the different types of semiconductor materials and laser structures they deal with. This book is intended not only for students and academic researchers but also for engineers who develop lasers for the market, as the advanced topics covered are dedicated to real problems in implementing semiconductor lasers for practical use.

Spatio Temporal Dynamics and Quantum Fluctuations in Semiconductor Lasers

Spatio Temporal Dynamics and Quantum Fluctuations in Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Edeltraud Gehrig,Ortwin Hess
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-09-22
ISBN : 9783540007418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents fundamental theories and simulations of the spatio-temporal dynamics and quantum fluctuations in semiconductor lasers. The dynamic interplay of light and matter is theoretically described by taking into account microscopic carrier dynamics, spatially dependent light-field propagation and the influence of spontaneous emission and noise.

Semiconductor Laser Fundamentals

Semiconductor Laser Fundamentals Book
Author : Weng W. Chow,Stephan W. Koch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662038803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This in-depth title discusses the underlying physics and operational principles of semiconductor lasers. It analyzes the optical and electronic properties of the semiconductor medium in detail, including quantum confinement and gain-engineering effects. The text also includes recent developments in blue-emitting semiconductor lasers.

Semiconductor Lasers

Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Junji Ohtsubo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-10-05
ISBN : 3642301479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third edition of “Semiconductor Lasers, Stability, Instability and Chaos” was significantly extended. In the previous edition, the dynamics and characteristics of chaos in semiconductor lasers after the introduction of the fundamental theory of laser chaos and chaotic dynamics induced by self-optical feedback and optical injection was discussed. Semiconductor lasers with new device structures, such as vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and broad-area semiconductor lasers, are interesting devices from the viewpoint of chaotic dynamics since they essentially involve chaotic dynamics even in their free-running oscillations. These topics are also treated with respect to the new developments in the current edition. Also the control of such instabilities and chaos control are critical issues for applications. Another interesting and important issue of semiconductor laser chaos in this third edition is chaos synchronization between two lasers and the application to optical secure communication. One of the new topics in this edition is fast physical number generation using chaotic semiconductor lasers for secure communication and development of chaos chips and their application. As other new important topics, the recent advance of new semiconductor laser structures is presented, such as quantum-dot semiconductor lasers, quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers, vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and physical random number generation with application to quantum key distribution. Stabilities, instabilities, and control of quantum-dot semiconductor lasers and quantum-cascade lasers are important topics in this field.

Semiconductor Lasers

Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Alexei Baranov,Eric Tournie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-04-23
ISBN : 0857096400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductor lasers have important applications in numerous fields, including engineering, biology, chemistry and medicine. They form the backbone of the optical telecommunications infrastructure supporting the internet, and are used in information storage devices, bar-code scanners, laser printers and many other everyday products. Semiconductor lasers: Fundamentals and applications is a comprehensive review of this vital technology. Part one introduces the fundamentals of semiconductor lasers, beginning with key principles before going on to discuss photonic crystal lasers, high power semiconductor lasers and laser beams, and the use of semiconductor lasers in ultrafast pulse generation. Part two then reviews applications of visible and near-infrared emitting lasers. Nonpolar and semipolar GaN-based lasers, advanced self-assembled InAs quantum dot lasers and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers are all considered, in addition to semiconductor disk and hybrid silicon lasers. Finally, applications of mid- and far-infrared emitting lasers are the focus of part three. Topics covered include GaSb-based type I quantum well diode lasers, interband cascade and terahertz quantum cascade lasers, whispering gallery mode lasers and tunable mid-infrared laser absorption spectroscopy. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Semiconductor lasers is a valuable guide for all those involved in the design, operation and application of these important lasers, including laser and telecommunications engineers, scientists working in biology and chemistry, medical practitioners, and academics working in this field. Provides a comprehensive review of semiconductor lasers and their applications in engineering, biology, chemistry and medicine Discusses photonic crystal lasers, high power semiconductor lasers and laser beams, and the use of semiconductor lasers in ultrafast pulse generation Reviews applications of visible and near-infrared emitting lasers and mid- and far-infrared emitting lasers

Microcavity Semiconductor Lasers

Microcavity Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Yong-zhen Huang,Yue-de Yang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-06-28
ISBN : 3527345469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microcavity Semiconductor Lasers Explore this thorough overview of integrable microcavity semiconductor lasers and their applications from two leading voices in the field Attracting a great deal of attention over the last decades for their promising applications in photonic integration and optical interconnects, microcavity semiconductor lasers continue to develop via advances in fundamental physics, theoretical analysis, and numerical simulations. In a new work that will be of interest to researchers and practitioners alike, Microcavity Semiconductor Lasers: Principles, Design, and Applications delivers an application-oriented and highly relevant exploration of the theory, fabrication, and applications of these practical devices. The book focuses on unidirectional emission microcavity lasers for photonic integrated circuits, including polygonal microresonators, microdisk, and microring lasers. After an introductory overview of optical microcavities for microlasers and detailed information of the lasers themselves, including mode structure control and characteristics, and lasing properties, the distinguished authors discuss fabrication and applications of different microcavity lasers. Prospects for future research and potential new applications round out the book. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to multilayer optical waveguides, the FDTD Method, and Padé Approximation, and deformed, chaos, and unidirectional emission microdisk lasers An exploration of mode analysis for triangle and square microresonators similar as FP Cavity Practical discussions of mode analysis and control for deformed square microlasers An examination of hexagonal microcavity lasers and polygonal microcavities, along with vertical radiation loss for 3D microcavities Perfect for laser specialists, semiconductor physicists, and solid-state physicists, Microcavity Semiconductor Lasers: Principles, Design, and Applications will also earn a place in the libraries of materials scientists and professionals working in the semiconductor and optical industries seeking a one-stop reference for integrable microcavity semiconductor lasers.

Process Technology for Semiconductor Lasers

Process Technology for Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Kenichi Iga,Susumu Kinoshita
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-07
ISBN : 3642795765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A description of the design principles, seen mainly from the fabrication point of view. Following a review of the historical development and of the materials used in lasing at short to long wavelengths, the book goes on to discuss the basic design principles for semiconductor-laser devices and the epitaxy for laser production. One entire chapter is devoted to the technology of liquid-phase epitaxy, while another treats vapor-phase and beam epitaxies. The whole is rounded off with mode-control techniques and an introduction to surface-emitting lasers.

Long Wavelength Infrared Semiconductor Lasers

Long Wavelength Infrared Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Hong K. Choi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-03-18
ISBN : 9780471392002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long-wavelength Infrared Semiconductor Lasers provides a comprehensive review of the current status of semiconductor coherent sources emitting in the mid-to far-infrared spectrum and their applications. It includes three topics not covered in any previous book: far-infrared emission from photo-mixers as well as from hot-hole lasers, and InP-based lasers emitting beyond two micrometers. Semiconductor lasers emitting at more than two micrometers have many applications such as in trace gas analysis, environmental monitoring, and industrial process control. Because of very rapid progress in recent years, until this book no comprehensive information beyond scattered journal articles is available at present.

Compact Semiconductor Lasers

Compact Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Richard De La Rue,Jean-Michel Lourtioz,Siyuan Yu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-03
ISBN : 3527655360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together in a single volume a unique contribution by the top experts around the world in the field of compact semiconductor lasers to provide a comprehensive description and analysis of the current status as well as future directions in the field of micro- and nano-scale semiconductor lasers. It is organized according to the various forms of micro- or nano-laser cavity configurations with each chapter discussing key technical issues, including semiconductor carrier recombination processes and optical gain dynamics, photonic confinement behavior and output coupling mechanisms, carrier transport considerations relevant to the injection process, and emission mode control. Required reading for those working in and researching the area of semiconductors lasers and micro-electronics.

Physics of Semiconductor Lasers

Physics of Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : B. Mroziewicz,M. Bugajski,W. Nakwaski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-31
ISBN : 1483291650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for readers who have some background in solid state physics but do not necessarily possess any knowledge of semiconductor lasers, this book provides a comprehensive and concise account of fundamental semiconductor laser physics, technology and properties. The principles of operation of these lasers are therefore discussed in detail with the interrelations between their design and optical, electrical and thermal properties. The relative merits of a large number of laser structures and their parameters are described to acquaint the reader with the various aspects of the semiconductor lasers and the trends in their development.

Spatio Temporal Modeling and Device Optimization of Passively Mode Locked Semiconductor Lasers

Spatio Temporal Modeling and Device Optimization of Passively Mode Locked Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Stefan Meinecke
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-03-26
ISBN : 3030962482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis investigates passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers by numerical methods. The understanding and optimization of such devices is crucial to the advancement of technologies such as optical data communication and dual comb spectroscopy. The focus of the thesis is therefore on the development of efficient numerical models, which are able both to perform larger parameter studies and to provide quantitative predictions. Along with that, visualization and evaluation techniques for the rich spatio-temporal laser dynamics are developed; these facilitate the physical interpretation of the observed features. The investigations in this thesis revolve around two specific semiconductor devices, namely a monolithically integrated three-section tapered quantum-dot laser and a V-shaped external cavity laser. In both cases, the simulations closely tie in with experimental results, which have been obtained in collaboration with the TU Darmstadt and the ETH Zurich. Based on the successful numerical reproduction of the experimental findings, the emission dynamics of both lasers can be understood in terms of the cavity geometry and the active medium dynamics. The latter, in particular, highlights the value of the developed simulation tools, since the fast charge-carrier dynamics are generally not experimentally accessible during mode-locking operation. Lastly, the numerical models are used to perform laser design explorations and thus to derive recommendations for further optimizations.

Advances in Semiconductor Lasers

Advances in Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : James J Coleman,A. Catrina Bryce,Chennupati Jagadish
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-05-02
ISBN : 0123910668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since its inception in 1966, the series of numbered volumes known as Semiconductors and Semimetals has distinguished itself through the careful selection of well-known authors, editors, and contributors. The "Willardson and Beer" Series, as it is widely known, has succeeded in publishing numerous landmark volumes and chapters. Not only did many of these volumes make an impact at the time of their publication, but they continue to be well-cited years after their original release. Recently, Professor Eicke R. Weber of the University of California at Berkeley joined as a co-editor of the series. Professor Weber, a well-known expert in the field of semiconductor materials, will further contribute to continuing the series' tradition of publishing timely, highly relevant, and long-impacting volumes. Some of the recent volumes, such as Hydrogen in Semiconductors, Imperfections in III/V Materials, Epitaxial Microstructures, High-Speed Heterostructure Devices, Oxygen in Silicon, and others promise that this tradition will be maintained and even expanded. Reflecting the truly interdisciplinary nature of the field that the series covers, the volumes in Semiconductors and Semimetals have been and will continue to be of great interest to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in modern industry. Written and edited by internationally renowned experts Relevent to a wide readership: physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in academia, scientific laboratories and modern industry.

Single Frequency Semiconductor Lasers

Single Frequency Semiconductor Lasers Book
Author : Zujie Fang,Haiwen Cai,Gaoting Chen,Ronghui Qu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-29
ISBN : 9811052573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book systematically introduces the single frequency semiconductor laser, which is widely used in many vital advanced technologies, such as the laser cooling of atoms and atomic clock, high-precision measurements and spectroscopy, coherent optical communications, and advanced optical sensors. It presents both the fundamentals and characteristics of semiconductor lasers, including basic F-P structure and monolithic integrated structures; interprets laser noises and their measurements; and explains mechanisms and technologies relating to the main aspects of single frequency lasers, including external cavity lasers, frequency stabilization technologies, frequency sweeping, optical phase locked loops, and so on. It paints a clear, physical picture of related technologies and reviews new developments in the field as well. It will be a useful reference to graduate students, researchers, and engineers in the field.

Nonclassical Light from Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs

Nonclassical Light from Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs Book
Author : Jungsang Kim,Seema Somani,Yoshihisa Yamamoto
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-08-28
ISBN : 9783540677178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Supplies readers with the basic knowledge and guidance for the application of new lasers and light-emitting devices. The first part of the book discusses the generation of sub-shot-noise light in macroscopic pn junction light emitting devices, the second part is on the application of squeezed light in high-precision measurement, the third part concerns the Coulomb blockade effect in a mesoscopic pn junction and generation of single photon states, and the last part is on the detection of single photons using a visible light photon counter.