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Self Diffusion And Impurity Diffusion In Pure Metals Handbook Of Experimental Data

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Self diffusion and Impurity Diffusion in Pure Metals

Self diffusion and Impurity Diffusion in Pure Metals Book
Author : Gerhard Neumann,Cornelis Tuijn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-19
ISBN : 9780080560045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diffusion in metals is an important phenomenon, which has many applications, for example in all kinds of steel and aluminum production, and in alloy formation (technical applications e.g. in superconductivity and semiconductor science). In this book the data on diffusion in metals are shown, both in graphs and in equations. Reliable data on diffusion in metals are required by researchers who try to make sense of results from all kinds of metallurgical experiments, and they are equally needed by theorists and computer modelers. The previous compilation dates from 1990, and measurements relying on the electron microprobe and the recent Rutherford backscattering technique were hardly taken into account there. This reference book, containing all results on self-diffusion and impurity diffusion in pure metals with an indication of their reliability, will be useful to everyone in this field for the theory, fundamental research and industrial applications covered. • Up-to-date and complete (including EPMA and RBS investigations) • Indication of reliability of the measurements • Reassessment of many early results • Data can easily be extracted from Tables and Graphs

Magnesium Technology 2016

Magnesium Technology 2016 Book
Author : Alok Singh,Kiran Solanki,Michele Manuel,Neale Neelameggham
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-12
ISBN : 3319481142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Magnesium Technology Symposium, the event on which this collection is based, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers represent all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. Magnesium Technology 2016 covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; ecology; and structural applications. In addition, there is coverage of new and emerging applications.

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion Volume 2

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion  Volume 2 Book
Author : Aloke Paul,Sergiy Divinski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-13
ISBN : 0128045787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion, Volume 2: Diffusion Analysis in Material Applications covers the basic fundamentals, techniques, applications, and latest developments in the area of solid-state diffusion, offering a pedagogical understanding for students, academicians, and development engineers. Both experimental techniques and computational methods find equal importance in the second of this two volume set. Volume 2 covers practical issues on diffusion phenomena in bulk, thin film, and in nanomaterials. Diffusion related problems and analysis of methods in industrial applications, such as electronic industry, high temperature materials, nuclear materials, and superconductor materials are discussed. Presents a handbook with a short mathematical background and detailed examples of concrete applications of the sophisticated methods of analysis Enables readers to learn the basic concepts of experimental approaches and the computational methods involved in solid-state diffusion Covers bulk, thin film, and nanomaterials Introduces the problems and analysis in important materials systems in various applications Collates contributions from academic and industrial problems from leading scientists involved in developing key concepts across the globe

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning Types of Contamination and Contamination Resources

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning  Types of Contamination and Contamination Resources Book
Author : Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-11-21
ISBN : 0323431739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume Ten, provides a state-of-the-art guide to the current knowledge on the behavior of film-type and particulate surface contaminants and their cleaning methods. This newest volume in the series discusses mechanisms of particle adhesion, particle behavior in liquid systems, and metallic contamination and its impact. In addition, the book includes a discussion of the types of contaminants, with resources to deal with them and information on environmental issues related to surface contamination and cleaning. Taken as a whole, the series forms a unique reference for professionals and academics working in the area of surface contamination and cleaning that also includes information on cleaning at the micro and nano scales. Written by established experts in the contamination field that provide an authoritative resource Presents a comprehensive review of new trends in contaminants and resources for dealing with those contaminants Contains detailed case studies to illustrate various scenarios

Ultra High Temperature Materials I

Ultra High Temperature Materials I Book
Author : Igor L. Shabalin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-16
ISBN : 9400775873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This exhaustive work in three volumes with featuring cross-reference system provides a thorough overview of ultra-high temperature materials – from elements and chemical compounds to alloys and composites. Topics included are physical (crystallographic, thermodynamic, thermo-physical, electrical, optical, physico-mechanical, nuclear) and chemical (solid-state diffusion, interaction with chemical elements and compounds, interaction with gases, vapours and aqueous solutions) properties of the individual physico-chemical phases and multi-phase materials with melting (or sublimation) points over or about 2500 °C. The first volume focuses on carbon (graphite/graphene) and refractory metals (W, Re, Os, Ta, Mo, Nb, Ir). The second and third volumes are dedicated solely to refractory (ceramic) compounds (oxides, nitrides, carbides, borides, silicides) and to the complex materials – refractory alloys, carbon and ceramic composites, respectively. It will be of interest to researchers, engineers, postgraduate, graduate and undergraduate students in various disciplines alike. The reader is provided with the full qualitative and quantitative assessment for the materials, which could be applied in various engineering devices and environmental conditions at ultra-high temperatures, on the basis of the latest updates in the field of physics, chemistry, materials science, nanotechnology and engineering.

Ti Based Biomaterials

Ti Based Biomaterials Book
Author : Jarosław Jakubowicz
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 303928987X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently, great attention has been paid to materials that can be used in the human body to prepare parts that replace failed bone structures. Of all materials, Ti-based materials are the most desirable, because they provide an optimum combination of mechanical, chemical, and biological properties. The successful application of Ti biomaterials has been confirmed mainly in dentistry, orthopedics, and traumatology. Titanium biocompatibility is practically the highest of all metallic biomaterials; however, new solutions are being sought to continuously improve their biocompatibility and osseointegration. Thus, the chemical modification of Ti results in the formation of new alloys or composites, which provide new perspectives for Ti biomaterials applications. This book covers broad aspects of Ti-based biomaterials concerning the design of their structure, mechanical, and biological properties. This book demonstrates that the new Ti-based compounds and their surface treatment provide the best properties for biomedical applications.

Crystallography and Crystal Defects

Crystallography and Crystal Defects Book
Author : Anthony Kelly,Kevin M. Knowles
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 1119420156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The classic book that presents a unified approach to crystallography and the defects found within crystals, revised and updated This new edition of Crystallography and Crystal Defects explains the modern concepts of crystallography in a clear, succinct manner and shows how to apply these concepts in the analyses of point, line and planar defects in crystalline materials. Fully revised and updated, this book now includes: Original source references to key crystallographic terms familiar to materials scientists Expanded discussion on the elasticity of cubic materials New content on texture that contains more detail on Euler angles, orientation distribution functions and an expanded discussion on examples of textures in engineering materials Additional content on dislocations in materials of symmetry lower than cubic An expanded discussion of twinning which includes the description and classification of growth twins The inclusion and explanation of results from atomistic modelling of twin boundaries Problem sets with new questions, detailed worked solutions, supplementary lecture material and online computer programs for crystallographic calculations. Written by authors with extensive lecturing experience at undergraduate level, Crystallography and Crystal Defects, Third Edition continues to take its place as the core text on the topic and provides the essential resource for students and researchers in metallurgy, materials science, physics, chemistry, electrical, civil and mechanical engineering.

Friction Stir Welding and Processing X

Friction Stir Welding and Processing X Book
Author : Yuri Hovanski,Rajiv Mishra,Yutaka Sato,Piyush Upadhyay,David Yan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-11
ISBN : 3030057526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compilation of the recent progress on friction stir technologies including high-temperature applications, industrial applications, dissimilar alloy/materials, lightweight alloys, simulation, control, characterization, and derivative technologies. The volume offers a current look at friction stir welding technology from application to characterization and from modeling to R&D. Contributions document advances in application, controls, and simulation of the friction stir process to aid researchers in seeing the current state-of-the-art.

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Book
Author : Yu. K. Tovbin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-17
ISBN : 0429995393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Small systems are a very active area of research and development due to improved instrumentation that allows for spatial resolution in the range of sizes from one to 100 nm. In this size range, many physical and chemical properties change, which opens up new approaches to the study of substances and their practical application. This affects both traditional fields of knowledge and many other new fields including physics, chemistry, biology, etc. This book highlights new developments in statistical thermodynamics that answer the most important questions about the specifics of small systems - when one cannot apply equations or traditional thermodynamic models.

Advanced Powder Technology VIII

Advanced Powder Technology VIII Book
Author : Lucio Salgado,Francisco Ambrozio Filho
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-08-24
ISBN : 3038139068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the Eighth Latin American Conference on Powder Technology, November 6-9, 2011, Florianópolis, Brazil

Materials Characterisation VII

Materials Characterisation VII Book
Author : C.A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2015-04-22
ISBN : 1845649486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing papers presented at the Seventh International Conference on Materials Characterisation, this book presents the latest advances in a rapidly developing field that requires the application of a combination of numerical and experimental methods. The work has been contributed by researchers who use computational methods, those who perform experiments, and those who combine both. Materials characterisation is important to ensuring that new products meet the needs of industry and consumers. The accurate characterisation of the physical and chemical properties of the materials requires the application of both experimental techniques and computer simulation methods. The wide range of materials now available, from metals to polymers and semiconductors to composites, necessitates a variety of experimental techniques and numerical methods. The papers in the book examine various combinations of techniques. The papers cover such topics as: Mechanical Characterisation and Testing; Micro and Macro Materials Characterisation; Cementitious Materials; Advances in Composites; Semiconductor Materials Characterisation; Computational Models and Experiments; Corrosion Problems.

Nucleation in Condensed Matter

Nucleation in Condensed Matter Book
Author : Ken Kelton,Alan Lindsay Greer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-19
ISBN : 0080912648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Nucleation in Condensed Matter, key theoretical models for nucleation are developed and experimental data are used to discuss their range of validity. A central aim of this book is to enable the reader, when faced with a phenomenon in which nucleation appears to play a role, to determine whether nucleation is indeed important and to develop a quantitative and predictive description of the nucleation behavior. The third section of the book examines nucleation processes in practical situations, ranging from solid state precipitation to nucleation in biological systems to nucleation in food and drink. Nucleation in Condensed Matter is a key reference for an advanced materials course in phase transformations. It is also an essential reference for researchers in the field. Unified treatment of key theories, experimental evaluations and case studies Complete derivation of key models Detailed discussion of experimental measurements Examples of nucleation in diverse systems

Underneath the Bragg Peaks

Underneath the Bragg Peaks Book
Author : Takeshi Egami,Simon J.L. Billinge
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0080971415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the structural determination of crystalline solids with extensive disorder. Well-established methods exist for characterizing the structure of fully crystalline solids or fully disordered materials such as liquids and glasses, but there is a dearth of techniques for the cases in-between, crystalline solids with internal atomic and nanometer scale disorder. Egami and Billinge discuss how to fill the gap using modern tools of structural characterization. This problem is encountered in the structural characterization of a surprisingly wide range of complex materials of interest to modern technology and is becoming increasingly important. Takeshi Egami received the 2003 Eugene Bertram Warren Diffraction Physics Award for the work described in the book. The authors received 2010 J. D. Hanawalt Award from the International Union of Crystallography largely based on the success of this book. Introduces a unique method to study the atomic structure of nanomaterials Lays out the basic theory and methods of this important emerging technique The first edition is considered the seminal text on the subject

Defects and Diffusion Phenomena in Materials for Nuclear Technologies

Defects and Diffusion Phenomena in Materials for Nuclear Technologies Book
Author : Sergey Starikov,Daria Smirnova,Artem Lunev
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2017-05-26
ISBN : 303573206X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Defects and diffusion are key concepts at the description of nuclear materials behavior at thermal and radiation impacts. The evolution of various defects (such as point defects, dislocations, grain boundaries) determines changes of the materials properties under operating conditions. The present issue contains new and relevant data about the diffusion and defects in nuclear fuel (uranium alloys, oxide and nitride fuel) and structural materials (steel and non-ferrous metals). We hope that this special issue will be useful for researchers and engineers working in the field of material science and nuclear engineering. We wish to thank the authors for their contributions to this special issue and reviewers for their cooperation and efforts to prepare and evaluate the manuscripts.

Isotopes and Radiation Technology

Isotopes and Radiation Technology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Isotopes and Radiation Technology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion Volume 1

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion  Volume 1 Book
Author : Aloke Paul,Sergiy Divinski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-11
ISBN : 0128043601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion, Volume 1: Diffusion Fundamentals and Techniques covers the basic fundamentals, techniques, applications, and latest developments in the area of solid-state diffusion, offering a pedagogical understanding for students, academicians, and development engineers. Both experimental techniques and computational methods find equal importance in the first of this two-volume set. Volume 1 covers the fundamentals and techniques of solid-state diffusion, beginning with a comprehensive discussion of defects, then different analyzing methods, and finally concluding with an exploration of the different types of modeling techniques. Presents a handbook with a short mathematical background and detailed examples of concrete applications of the sophisticated methods of analysis Enables readers to learn the basic concepts of experimental approaches and the computational methods involved in solid-state diffusion Covers bulk, thin film, and nanomaterials Introduces the problems and analysis in important materials systems in various applications Collates contributions from academic and industrial problems from leading scientists involved in developing key concepts across the globe

CFD Modeling and Simulation in Materials Processing

CFD Modeling and Simulation in Materials Processing Book
Author : Laurentiu Nastac,Lifeng Zhang,Brian G. Thomas,Adrian S. Sabau,Nagy El-Kaddah,Adam C. Powell,Herve Combeau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-09
ISBN : 1118364643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of a symposium sponsored by Association for Iron and Steel Technology and the Process Technology and Modeling Committee of the Extraction and Processing Division and the Solidification Committee of the Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division of TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) Held during the TMS 2012 Annual Meeting & Exhibition Orlando, Florida, USA, March 11-15, 2012

ASM Handbook

ASM Handbook Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These volumes cover the properties, processing, and applications of metals and nonmetallic engineering materials. They are designed to provide the authoritative information and data necessary for the appropriate selection of materials to meet critical design and performance criteria.

Tracer Diffusion Data for Metals Alloys and Simple Oxides

Tracer Diffusion Data for Metals  Alloys  and Simple Oxides Book
Author : John Askill
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468460757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atomic diffusion in metals was first discovered some sixty-five years ago, and since then a considerable wealth of data has ac cumulated on diffusion in various systems. However, work prior to about the year 1940 is now mainly of historical interest, since ex periments were often carried out under experimental conditions and with methods of analysis leading to uncertainties in inter preting the measured diffusion coefficients. Data on diffusion rates are of importance in processes which are controlled by rates of atomic migration such as growth of phases and homogenization of alloys. In addition diffusion plays an important part in theories of such phenomena as oxidation, plastic deformation, sintering, and creep. A tremendous advance in diffusion studies was made possible by the availability of radioactive isotopes of sufficiently high spe cific activity after the second world war. Measurements of self diffusion rates then became possible using radioactive isotopes having the same chemical properties as the solvent material, and it also became possible to study tracer impurity diffusion when the concentration of the impurity is so small as not to alter the chemi cal homogeneity of the system. In the last ten to fifteen years the purity of materials used in diffusion studies has increased con siderably and the methods of analysis have become more stand ardized.