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Selection Of Polymeric Materials

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Selection of Polymeric Materials

Selection of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : E. Alfredo Campo
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2008-03-06
ISBN : 081551896X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today engineers, designers, buyers and all those who have to work with plastics face a dilemma. There has been a proliferation of test methods by which plastic properties are measured. The property data measured by these test methods are not identical and sometimes have large differences. How are engineers, designers, buyers going to decide the type and resin grade and their property data? Which are the valid test methods? The right plastic property data are the difference between success and failure of a design, thus making the property selection process critical. For the first time this book provides a simple and efficient approach to a highly complex and time consuming task. There are over 26,000 different grades of polymers and millions of parts and applications, further adding to the difficulty of the selection process. Selection of Polymeric Materials steers engineers and designers onto the right path to selecting the appropriate values for each plastic property. A large amount of property information has been provided to teach and assist the plastic part designer and others in selecting the right resin and properties for an application. Various standards including ASTM, ISO, UL, and British Specifications have been discussed to help the readers in making sound decisions. • A simple and efficient approach to a highly complex and time consuming task. • Allows engineers to select from various standards including ASTM, ISO, UL, and British Specification. • Presents information on properties such as tensile strength, melt temperature, continuous service temperature, moisture exposure, specific gravity and flammability ratings. • Tried and true values narrow myriad choices down quickly for readers.

Polymeric Materials

Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Marta Fernández-García,Marina P. Arrieta,Alexandra Muñoz-Bonilla,Coro Echeverría,Agueda Sonseca
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 3038979627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects the articles published in the Special Issue “Polymeric Materials: Surfaces, Interfaces and Bioapplications”. It shows the advances in polymeric materials, which have tremendous applications in agricultural films, food packaging, dental restoration, antimicrobial systems, and tissue engineering. These polymeric materials are presented as films, coatings, particles, fibers, hydrogels, or networks. The potential to modify and modulate their surfaces or their content by different techniques, such as click chemistry, ozonation, breath figures, wrinkle formation, or electrospray, are also explained, taking into account the relationship between the structure and properties in the final application. Moreover, new trends in the development of such materials are presented, using more environmental friendly and safe methods, which, at the same time, have a high impact on our society.

Tailored Polymers and Applications

Tailored Polymers and Applications Book
Author : Yagci,Mishra,Nuyken,Ito
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-04-28
ISBN : 1000083128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a selection of papers presented at APME '99 ( Third International Symposium on Advanced Polymers via Macromolecular Engineering --- Colonial Williamsburg, VA, USA, July/August 1999). The book focuses on the synthesis of targeted polymers with specific properties using macromolecular architecture. Various controlled polymerization

Product Design and Testing of Polymeric Materials

Product Design and Testing of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Louise Ferrante
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-03
ISBN : 1000723437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Product Design and Testing of Polymeric Materials integrates polymer science principles with detailed experimental programs—helping engineers create optimal products. Thoroughly investigating both physical and processing properties of polymeric substances, this valuable guide presents the philosophy of product development management ... includes test methods for base property and end-use performance ... pairs viscometric and small-scale testing with molecular properties for processing advantages ... examines quality control from the laboratory to the marketplace ... applies the mechanics of experimental design to product optimization problems ... covers the mathematics needed for proper regression of experimental data ... and much more. Product Design and Testing of Polymeric Materials is a complete reference— defining numerous plastics and engineering terms and supplying important data on elastomers and plastics—and is an essential resource for polymer, plastics, and chemical engineers and scientists, materials scientists, and graduate-level students in these disciplines.

Polymeric Materials

Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Gottfried Wilhelm Ehrenstein
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2012-11-12
ISBN : 3446434135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is intended to reveal the correlation between the chemical structure and the physical characteristics of plastics necessary for appropriate material selection, design, and processing. The entire spectrum of plastics is addressed, including thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and blends. One of the special features is the extensive discussion and explanation of the interdependence between polymer structure and properties and processing. Polymeric Materials contains several application-oriented examples and is presented at an intermediate level for both practicing plastic engineers and advanced engineering students. Contents: · General Characteristics of Polymeric Materials · Molecular Structure and Synthesis of Polymers · Structure of Polymeric Materials · Thermomechanical Properties · Mechanical Behaviour · Aging and Stabilization · Overview of Selected Polymeric Materials · Guide Values of the Physical Properties

Handbook of Engineering Polymeric Materials

Handbook of Engineering Polymeric Materials Book
Author : P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-07-25
ISBN : 9780824797997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting practical information on new and conventional polymers and products as alternative materials and end-use applications, this work details technological advancements in high-structure plastics and elastomers, functionalized materials, and their product applications. The book also provides a comparison of manufacturing and processing techniques from around the world. It emphasizes product characterization, performance attributes and structural properties.

Brydson s Plastics Materials

Brydson s Plastics Materials Book
Author : Marianne Gilbert
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-09-27
ISBN : 0323370225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brydson's Plastics Materials, Eighth Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the commercially available plastics materials that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The book enables scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work and provides engineers with essential theory. Since the previous edition, many developments have taken place in plastics materials, such as the growth in the commercial use of sustainable bioplastics, so this book brings the user fully up-to-date with the latest materials, references, units, and figures that have all been thoroughly updated. The book remains the authoritiative resource for engineers, suppliers, researchers, materials scientists, and academics in the field of polymers, including current best practice, processing, and material selection information and health and safety guidance, along with discussions of sustainability and the commercial importance of various plastics and additives, including nanofillers and graphene as property modifiers. With a 50 year history as the principal reference in the field of plastics material, and fully updated by an expert team of polymer scientists and engineers, this book is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in this field. Presents a one-stop-shop for easily accessible information on plastics materials, now updated to include the latest biopolymers, high temperature engineering plastics, thermoplastic elastomers, and more Includes thoroughly revised and reorganised material as contributed by an expert team who make the book relevant to all plastics engineers, materials scientists, and students of polymers Includes the latest guidance on health, safety, and sustainability, including materials safety data sheets, local regulations, and a discussion of recycling issues

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules Book
Author : Hsinjin Edwin Yang,Roger French,Laura Bruckman
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 0128115459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules describes the durability and reliability behavior of polymers used in Si-photovoltaic modules and systems, particularly in terms of physical aging and degradation process/mechanisms, characterization methods, accelerated exposure chamber and testing, module level testing, and service life prediction. The book compares polymeric materials to traditional materials used in solar applications, explaining the degradation pathways of the different elements of a photovoltaic module, including encapsulant, front sheet, back sheet, wires and connectors, adhesives, sealants, and more. In addition, users will find sections on the tests needed for the evaluation of polymer degradation and aging, as well as accelerated tests to aid in materials selection. As demand for photovoltaics continues to grow globally, with polymer photovoltaics offering significantly lower production costs compared to earlier approaches, this book will serve as a welcome resource on new avenues. Provides comprehensive coverage of photovoltaic polymers, from fundamental degradation mechanisms, to specific case studies of durability and materials failure Offers practical, actionable information in relation to service life prediction of photovoltaic modules and accelerated testing for materials selection Includes up-to-date information and interpretation of safety regulations and testing of photovoltaic modules and materials

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Ritima Banerjee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 0323907687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials presents a cutting-edge approach to thermoplastic polymeric foams, drawing on the latest research and guiding the reader through the fundamental science, foamability, structure-property-processing relationship, multi-phase polymeric materials, degradation characteristics of biodegradable foams and advanced applications. Sections provide detailed information on foam manufacturing technologies and the fundamental science behind foaming, present insights on the factors affecting foamability, cover ways of enhancing the foamability of various polymeric materials, with special focus on multi-phase systems, discuss the degradation of biodegradable foams and special morphology development for scaffolds, packaging, acoustic and super-insulation applications, as well as cell seeding studies in scaffolds. Each application has specific requirements in terms of desired properties. This in-depth coverage and analysis helps those looking to move forward with microcellular processing and polymer foaming. This is an ideal resource for researchers, advanced students and professionals interested in the microcellular processing of polymeric materials in the areas of polymer foaming, polymer processing, plastics engineering and materials science. Offers in-depth coverage of factors affecting foamability and methods for enhancing the foamability of polymeric materials Explores innovative applications in a range of areas, including scaffolds, acoustic applications, packaging and super-insulation Provides a comprehensive, critical overview of the state-of-the-art, possible future research directions, and opportunities for industrial application

Polymeric Materials

Polymeric Materials Book
Author : G. W. Ehrenstein,Richard P. Theriault
Publisher : Hanser Gardner Publications
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781569903100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is intended to reveal the correlation between the chemical structure and the physical characteristics of plastics necessary for appropriate material selection, design, and processing. The entire spectrum of plastics is addressed, including thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and blends. One of the special features is the extensive discussion and explanation of the interdependence between polymer structure and properties and processing.

Handbook of Polymers

Handbook of Polymers Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-01
ISBN : 1927885965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Polymers, Third Edition represents an update on available data, including new values for many commercially available products, verification of existing data, and removal of older data where it is no longer useful. Polymers selected for this edition include all primary polymeric materials used by the plastics and chemical industries and specialty polymers used in the electronics, pharmaceutical, medical and aerospace fields, with extensive information also provided on biopolymers. The book includes data on all polymeric materials used by the plastics industry and branches of the chemical industry, as well as specialty polymers in the electronics, pharmaceutical, medical and space fields. The entire scope of the data is divided into sections to make data comparison and search easy, including synthesis, physical, mechanical, and rheological properties, chemical resistance, toxicity, environmental impact, and more. Provides key data on all primary polymeric materials used in a wide range of industries and applications Presents easy-to-access data divided into sections, making comparisons and search simple and intuitive Includes data on general properties, history, synthesis, structure, physical properties, mechanical properties, chemical resistance, flammability, weather stability, toxicity, and more

Polymers in Organic Electronics

Polymers in Organic Electronics Book
Author : Sulaiman Khalifeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-01
ISBN : 192788568X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers in Organic Electronics: Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems provides readers with vital data, guidelines, and techniques for optimally designing organic electronic systems using novel polymers. The book classifies polymer families, types, complexes, composites, nanocomposites, compounds, and small molecules while also providing an introduction to the fundamental principles of polymers and electronics. Features information on concepts and optimized types of electronics and a classification system of electronic polymers, including piezoelectric and pyroelectric, optoelectronic, mechatronic, organic electronic complexes, and more. The book is designed to help readers select the optimized material for structuring their organic electronic system. Chapters discuss the most common properties of electronic polymers, methods of optimization, and polymeric-structured printed circuit boards. The polymeric structures of optoelectronics and photonics are covered and the book concludes with a chapter emphasizing the importance of polymeric structures for packaging of electronic devices. Provides key identifying details on a range of polymers, micro-polymers, nano-polymers, resins, hydrocarbons, and oligomers Covers the most common electrical, electronic, and optical properties of electronic polymers Describes the underlying theories on the mechanics of polymer conductivity Discusses polymeric structured printed circuit boards, including their rapid prototyping and optimizing their polymeric structures Shows optimization methods for both polymeric structures of organic active electronic components and organic passive electronic components

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Jin Kuk Kim,Sabu Thomas,Prosenjit Saha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-26
ISBN : 9401773246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book offers an in-depth review of the materials design and manufacturing processes employed in the development of multi-component or multiphase polymer material systems. This field has seen rapid growth in both academic and industrial research, as multiphase materials are increasingly replacing traditional single-component materials in commercial applications. Many obstacles can be overcome by processing and using multiphase materials in automobile, construction, aerospace, food processing, and other chemical industry applications. The comprehensive description of the processing, characterization, and application of multiphase materials presented in this book offers a world of new ideas and potential technological advantages for academics, researchers, students, and industrial manufacturers from diverse fields including rubber engineering, polymer chemistry, materials processing and chemical science. From the commercial point of view it will be of great value to those involved in processing, optimizing and manufacturing new materials for novel end-use applications. The book takes a detailed approach to the description of process parameters, process optimization, mold design, and other core manufacturing information. Details of injection, extrusion, and compression molding processes have been provided based on the most recent advances in the field. Over two comprehensive sections the book covers the entire field of multiphase polymer materials, from a detailed description of material design and processing to the cutting-edge applications of such multiphase materials. It provides both precise guidelines and general concepts for the present and future leaders in academic and industrial sectors.

New and Renewable Energy Technologies for Sustainable Development

New and Renewable Energy Technologies for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Naim Afgan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 1000151328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Conference on New and Renewable Energy Technologies for Sustainable Development held in Ponta Delgada, Azores (2002), Portugal, has provided technology specialists and hardware developers with the opportunity to discuss, review and demonstrate the research directions, the design methodologies, and the production techniques leading to cost- effective energy technologies for sustainable development. This dialog provides the context for more detailed technical presentations and panel discussions on energy systems, renewable resource exploitation, and the engineering design and optimisation for minimum resource consumption. The papers included in this volume are selected from those presented at the conference reflecting to present the state-of-the-art developments in the field. The selection of papers presented in this volume has enlightened various fields of scientific and economic development which should merge efforts in the understanding of the sustainable development concept and technological implications. The book will be of particular interest to engineering practitioners, product developers, researchers, and also economists, political scientists and government administrators exploring the multifaceted relationship between renewable energy technologies and sustainable development. Keynote lectures frame the technical and policy issues confronting the sustainable development movement and enrich the dialog between various segments of the community.

Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia Twelve Volume Set

Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia  Twelve Volume Set Book
Author : Joseph C. Salamone
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-07-23
ISBN : 9780849324703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia presents state-of-the-art research and development on the synthesis, properties, and applications of polymeric materials. This groundbreaking work includes the largest number of contributors in the world for a reference publication in polymer science, and examines many fields not covered in any other reference. With multiple articles on many subjects, the encyclopedia offers you a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. Updates published as new research unfolds will continue to provide you with the latest advances in polymer science, and will keep the encyclopedia at the forefront of the field well into the future. From novices to experienced researchers in the field, anyone and everyone working in polymer science today needs this complete assessment of the state of the art. The entire 12-volume set will be available in your choice of printed or CD-ROM format.

Sustainability of Polymeric Materials

Sustainability of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Valentina Marturano,Veronica Ambrogi,Pierfrancesco Cerruti
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-08-10
ISBN : 3110590697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will provide a comprehensive overview on the green approach to the research and industrialization of plastic materials. An effort will be made to offer to the reader a critical perspective concerning both oil-based plastics and novel bio-based and waste-derived polymer formulations. A special focus on bio-innovation in the area of organic materials will also be delivered.

Materials Selection for Natural Fiber Composites

Materials Selection for Natural Fiber Composites Book
Author : Faris M Al,Oqla,Mohd Sapuan Salit
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 0081022778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Selection for Natural Fiber Composites covers the use of various tools and techniques that can be applied for natural fiber composite selection to expand the sustainable design possibilities and support cleaner production requirements. These techniques include the analytical hierarchy process, knowledge-based system, Java based materials selection system, artificial neural network, Pugh selection method, and the digital logic technique. Information on related topics, such as materials selection and design, natural fiber composites, and materials selection for composites are discussed to provide background information to the main topic. Current developments in selecting the natural fiber composite material system, including the natural fiber composites and their constituents (fibers and polymers) is the main core of the book, with in detailed sections on various technical, environmental and economic issues to enhance both environmental indices and the industrial sustainability theme. Recent developments on the analytical hierarchy process in natural fiber composite materials selection, materials selection for natural fiber composites, and knowledge based system for natural fiber composite materials selection are also discussed. Focuses on materials selection for natural fiber composites Covers potential tools and techniques, such as analytical hierarchy process, knowledge-based systems, Java-based materials selection system, artificial neural network, the Pugh selection method and digital logic technique Contains contributions from leading experts in the field

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 0309049989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymersâ€"plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatingsâ€"and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

Polymers for Vibration Damping Applications

Polymers for Vibration Damping Applications Book
Author : Bikash C. Chakraborty,Debdatta Ratna
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 0128192534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers for Vibration Damping Applications is a detailed guide on the use of polymers and polymer composites for vibration and shock damping. The book begins with two chapters that introduce the fundamentals of both vibration and shock damping. The next part of the book presents in-depth coverage of polymeric materials for vibration damping, including viscoelastic properties, design of polymer systems, and modes and applications. Finally, measurement techniques are discussed in detail. Throughout the book, the different perspectives of materials and engineering are considered, and both mathematical and conceptual approaches are used. This is an essential resource for all those looking to understand the application of polymers for vibration damping, including researchers, scientists and advanced students in polymer science, plastics engineering, materials science and mechanical engineering, as well as engineers and R&D personnel in the automotive, marine, defense and construction industries. Equips the reader with a complete, fundamental understanding of vibration and shock damping Explains the viscoelastic properties, design and applications of polymeric materials for vibration damping applications Includes cutting-edge research on the use of polymers for advanced civil and defense applications

Physical Properties of Polymers

Physical Properties of Polymers Book
Author : James E. Mark,Adi Eisenberg,William W. Graessley
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contents have been divided into sections on physical states of polymers and characterization techniques. Chapters on physical states include discussions of the rubber elastic state, the glassy state, melts and concentrated solutions, the crystalline state, and the mesomorphic state. Characterization techniques described are molecular spectroscopy and scattering techniques.