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Selection Of Polymeric Materials

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Selection of Polymeric Materials

Selection of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : E. Alfredo Campo
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2008-03-06
ISBN : 081551896X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today engineers, designers, buyers and all those who have to work with plastics face a dilemma. There has been a proliferation of test methods by which plastic properties are measured. The property data measured by these test methods are not identical and sometimes have large differences. How are engineers, designers, buyers going to decide the type and resin grade and their property data? Which are the valid test methods? The right plastic property data are the difference between success and failure of a design, thus making the property selection process critical. For the first time this book provides a simple and efficient approach to a highly complex and time consuming task. There are over 26,000 different grades of polymers and millions of parts and applications, further adding to the difficulty of the selection process. Selection of Polymeric Materials steers engineers and designers onto the right path to selecting the appropriate values for each plastic property. A large amount of property information has been provided to teach and assist the plastic part designer and others in selecting the right resin and properties for an application. Various standards including ASTM, ISO, UL, and British Specifications have been discussed to help the readers in making sound decisions. • A simple and efficient approach to a highly complex and time consuming task. • Allows engineers to select from various standards including ASTM, ISO, UL, and British Specification. • Presents information on properties such as tensile strength, melt temperature, continuous service temperature, moisture exposure, specific gravity and flammability ratings. • Tried and true values narrow myriad choices down quickly for readers.

Selection and Application of Synthetic Polymeric Materials in Surgical Sutures

Selection and Application of Synthetic Polymeric Materials in Surgical Sutures Book
Author : Kenneth Branson Simmons
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wound closure is a complex process that relies on a variety of tools and materials to produce the best outcome for patients. The use of a single suture for the closure of all fascia is ill advised and should be avoided. This thesis seeks to inform the reader of the characteristics and utility of various synthetic polymeric materials and their application as surgical sutures.

Polymeric Materials

Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Gottfried Wilhelm Ehrenstein
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2012-11-12
ISBN : 3446434135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is intended to reveal the correlation between the chemical structure and the physical characteristics of plastics necessary for appropriate material selection, design, and processing. The entire spectrum of plastics is addressed, including thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and blends. One of the special features is the extensive discussion and explanation of the interdependence between polymer structure and properties and processing. Polymeric Materials contains several application-oriented examples and is presented at an intermediate level for both practicing plastic engineers and advanced engineering students. Contents: · General Characteristics of Polymeric Materials · Molecular Structure and Synthesis of Polymers · Structure of Polymeric Materials · Thermomechanical Properties · Mechanical Behaviour · Aging and Stabilization · Overview of Selected Polymeric Materials · Guide Values of the Physical Properties

Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials

Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Jonathan W Martin,Rose Ann Ryntz,Joannie Chin,Ray Dickie
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-16
ISBN : 0387848762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials: Global Perspectives combines developed content derived from topics discussed in the Fourth International Symposium on Service Life Prediction (Key Largo, Florida, December 2006). This critical examination of the existing and alternative methodologies used to assess the service life of polymeric materials presents readers with the advances in accelerated and field exposure testing protocols. Written by established experts in the service life community, this volume introduces advanced methods, including high throughput and combinatorial analyses, models data collection and storage formats. Researchers and engineers involved with materials and polymer science, coatings technologists and automotive materials will find Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials: Global Perspectives a useful tool.

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials

Multicomponent Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Jin Kuk Kim,Sabu Thomas,Prosenjit Saha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-26
ISBN : 9401773246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book offers an in-depth review of the materials design and manufacturing processes employed in the development of multi-component or multiphase polymer material systems. This field has seen rapid growth in both academic and industrial research, as multiphase materials are increasingly replacing traditional single-component materials in commercial applications. Many obstacles can be overcome by processing and using multiphase materials in automobile, construction, aerospace, food processing, and other chemical industry applications. The comprehensive description of the processing, characterization, and application of multiphase materials presented in this book offers a world of new ideas and potential technological advantages for academics, researchers, students, and industrial manufacturers from diverse fields including rubber engineering, polymer chemistry, materials processing and chemical science. From the commercial point of view it will be of great value to those involved in processing, optimizing and manufacturing new materials for novel end-use applications. The book takes a detailed approach to the description of process parameters, process optimization, mold design, and other core manufacturing information. Details of injection, extrusion, and compression molding processes have been provided based on the most recent advances in the field. Over two comprehensive sections the book covers the entire field of multiphase polymer materials, from a detailed description of material design and processing to the cutting-edge applications of such multiphase materials. It provides both precise guidelines and general concepts for the present and future leaders in academic and industrial sectors.

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Krzysztof Pielichowski,James Njuguna
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781859574980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the thermal degradation of polymers is of paramount importance for developing a rational technology of polymer processing and higher-temperature applications. Controlling degradation requires understanding of many different phenomena, including chemical mechanisms, the influence of polymer morphology, the complexities of oxidation chemistry, and the effects of stabilisers, fillers and other additives. This book offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on material and product performance.

Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites

Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites Book
Author : James C. Gerdeen, PhD, PE,James C. Gerdeen,Harold W. Lord,Ronald A.L. Rorrer, PhD, PE,Ronald A.L. Rorrer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-01
ISBN : 9780824723798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are many books available on polymer chemistry, properties, and processing, but they do not focus on the practicalities of selecting and using them correctly in the design of structures. Engineering students require an understanding of polymers and composites as well as viscoelasticity, adhesion, damping applications, and tribology in order to successfully integrate these materials into their designs. Based on more than twenty years of classroom experience, Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites is the first textbook to unite these topics in a single source. The authors take a bottom-up functional approach rather than a top-down analytical approach to design. This unique perspective enables students to select the proper materials for the application rather than force the design to suit the materials. The text begins with an introduction to polymers and composites, including historical background. Detailed coverage of mechanical properties, viscoelastic behavior of polymers, composite materials, creep and fatigue failure, impact, and related properties follows. Discussion then turns to selection of materials, design applications of polymers, polymer processing, adhesion, tribology, and damping and isolation. Abundant examples, homework problems, tables, and illustrations reinforce the concepts. Accompanied by a CD-ROM containing materials databases, examples in Excel®, and a laminate analysis program, Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites builds a strong background in the underlying concepts necessary for engineering students to successfully incorporate polymers and composites into their designs.

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules Book
Author : Hsinjin Edwin Yang,Roger French,Laura Bruckman
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 0128115459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules describes the durability and reliability behavior of polymers used in Si-photovoltaic modules and systems, particularly in terms of physical aging and degradation process/mechanisms, characterization methods, accelerated exposure chamber and testing, module level testing, and service life prediction. The book compares polymeric materials to traditional materials used in solar applications, explaining the degradation pathways of the different elements of a photovoltaic module, including encapsulant, front sheet, back sheet, wires and connectors, adhesives, sealants, and more. In addition, users will find sections on the tests needed for the evaluation of polymer degradation and aging, as well as accelerated tests to aid in materials selection. As demand for photovoltaics continues to grow globally, with polymer photovoltaics offering significantly lower production costs compared to earlier approaches, this book will serve as a welcome resource on new avenues. Provides comprehensive coverage of photovoltaic polymers, from fundamental degradation mechanisms, to specific case studies of durability and materials failure Offers practical, actionable information in relation to service life prediction of photovoltaic modules and accelerated testing for materials selection Includes up-to-date information and interpretation of safety regulations and testing of photovoltaic modules and materials

Materials Selection for Corrosion Control

Materials Selection for Corrosion Control Book
Author : Sohan L. Chawla
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1993
ISBN : 1615037284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a methodology for integrating materials selection with the design process, including simultaneous technical and economic evaluation. Save hours of frustrating research time: Get fast answers about the best material for a particular application. In the past, researching the endless sources on corrosion and materials in their countless applications were next to impossible. That's why this book was written: to help simplify your materials selection problems. It's an exhaustive source on the different corrosion-resistant materials, types of corrosion, factors affecting corrosion, passivation, corrosion monitoring, corrosion control measures, methodology of materials selection, and more.

Engineered Materials Handbook Desk Edition

Engineered Materials Handbook  Desk Edition Book
Author : ASM International. Handbook Committee
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1995-11
ISBN : 9780871702838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive reference on the properties, selection, processing, and applications of the most widely used nonmetallic engineering materials. Section 1, General Information and Data, contains information applicable both to polymers and to ceramics and glasses. It includes an illustrated glossary, a collection of engineering tables and data, and a guide to materials selection. Sections 2 through 7 focus on polymeric materials--plastics, elastomers, polymer-matrix composites, adhesives, and sealants--with the information largely updated and expanded from the first three volumes of the Engineered Materials Handbook. Ceramics and glasses are covered in Sections 8 through 12, also with updated and expanded information. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Advanced Polymeric Materials

Advanced Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Gabriel O. Shonaike,Suresh G. Advani
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-04-14
ISBN : 9780203492901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Featuring contributions from experts at some of the world's leading academic and industrial institutions, Advanced Polymeric Materials: Structure Property Relationships brings into book form a wealth of information previously available primarily only within computer programs. In a welcome narrative treatment, it provides comprehensive coverage of polymeric materials, including polymer composites as well as the more commonly addressed polymer blends. Along with discussion on a variety of applications, topics include general aggregate properties, design considerations, characterization and enhancement of physical and mechanical properties, processing and manufacturing, and components failure.

Polymeric Materials

Polymeric Materials Book
Author : G. W. Ehrenstein,Richard P. Theriault
Publisher : Hanser Verlag
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781569903100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is intended to reveal the correlation between the chemical structure and the physical characteristics of plastics necessary for appropriate material selection, design, and processing. The entire spectrum of plastics is addressed, including thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and blends. One of the special features is the extensive discussion and explanation of the interdependence between polymer structure and properties and processing.

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Chang Dae Han
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2007-06-04
ISBN : 9780198040620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 2 presents the fundamental principles related to polymer processign operations including the processing of thermoplastic polymers and thermosets. The objective of this volume is not to provide recipies that necessarily guarantee better product quality. Rather, emphasis is placed on presenting a fundamental approach to effectively analyze processing operations. The specific polymer processing operations for thermoplastics include plasticating single-screw extrusion, morphology evolution during compounding of polymer blends, compatibilization of immiscible polymer blends, wire coating extrusion, fiber spinning, tubular film blowing, coextrusion, and thermoplastic foam extrusion. The specific polymer processing operations for thermosets include reaction injection molding, pultrusion of fiber-reinforced thermosets, and compression molding of thermoset composites.

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications Book
Author : Michael Köhl,Michaela Georgine Meir,Philippe Papillon,Gernot M. Wallner,Sandrin Saile
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-08-14
ISBN : 3527659625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridging the gap between basic science and technological applications, this is the first book devoted to polymers for solar thermal applications. Clearly divided into three major parts, the contributions are written by experts on solar thermal applications and polymer scientists alike. The first part explains the fundamentals of solar thermal energy especially for representatives of the plastics industry and researchers. Part two then goes on to provide introductory information on polymeric materials and processing for solar thermal experts. The third part combines both of these fields, discussing the potential of polymeric materials in solar thermal applications, as well as demands on durability, design and building integration. With its emphasis on applications, this monograph is relevant for researchers at universities and developers in commercial companies.

Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia Single User CD ROM Version

Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia Single  User CD ROM Version Book
Author : Joseph C. Salamone
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-10-22
ISBN : 9780849326516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia presents state-of-the-art research and development on the synthesis, properties, and applications of polymeric materials. This groundbreaking work includes the largest number of contributors in the world for a reference publication in polymer science, and examines many fields not covered in any other reference. With multiple articles on many subjects, the encyclopedia offers you a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. From novices to experienced researchers in the field, anyone and everyone working in polymer science today needs this complete assessment of the state of the art. System Requirements IBM-compatible 486 or higher/25MHz, DOS 5.0, WindowsTM 3.1 or higher, VGA monitor, 4MB RAM, 2MB hard disk space, CD-ROM drive, and MSCDEX Version 2.0 or higher.

Handbook of Engineering Polymeric Materials

Handbook of Engineering Polymeric Materials Book
Author : P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-07-25
ISBN : 9780824797997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting practical information on new and conventional polymers and products as alternative materials and end-use applications, this work details technological advancements in high-structure plastics and elastomers, functionalized materials, and their product applications. The book also provides a comparison of manufacturing and processing techniques from around the world. It emphasizes product characterization, performance attributes and structural properties.

Handbook of Materials Selection for Engineering Applications

Handbook of Materials Selection for Engineering Applications Book
Author : George Murray
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-07-03
ISBN : 9780824799106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reflecting the rapid advances in new materials development, this work offers up-to-date information on the properties and applications of various classes of metals, polymers, ceramics and composites. It aims to simplify the materials selection process and show how to lower materials and manufacturing costs, drawing on such sources as vendor supplied and quality control test data.

Vibrational Spectroscopy of Biological and Polymeric Materials

Vibrational Spectroscopy of Biological and Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Vasilis G. Gregoriou,Mark S. Braiman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-14
ISBN : 1420027549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Used primarily for characterizing polymers and biological systems, vibrational spectroscopy continues to uncover structural information pertinent to a growing number of applications. Vibrational Spectroscopy of Biological and Polymeric Materials compiles the latest developments in advanced infrared and Raman spectroscopic techniques that are applicable to both polymeric materials and biological compounds. It also presents instrumentation and experimental details that can be used by polymer chemists and biochemists in the design of their own experiments. The text starts by describing the application of static and dynamic FT-IR spectroscopies to liquid crystalline polyurethanes, including a clear exposition of the theory behind the experiments. It discusses the measurement of static and dynamic linear dichroism and stress or strain in both single and multiple fiber composite materials. The book explains the roles of vibrational spectroscopy and the Langmuir-Blodgett technique in the study and preparation of high-quality ultrathin materials. Chapters rich in both theoretical and experimental details describe two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy and vibrational circular dichroism. Biomedically-oriented chapters describe the advances in IR imaging of tissues made possible by focal-plane arrays; as well as the use of ligand-gated FT-IR difference spectroscopy in neuropharmacology, particularly in identifying ligands and modes of action for the large number of membrane receptors recently identified in the human genome. The final chapter discusses the application of time-resolved FT-IR spectroscopy to biological materials, providing a detailed guide to the use of commercial step-scan instrumentation for examining sub-millisecond mechanistic details of photobiological processes. Written by eminent experts in these fields, Vibrational Spectroscopy of Biological and Polymeric Materials is an ideal and practical reference for the broad spectrum of researchers interested in the analysis and integration of biological and polymeric materials.

Polymers and Polymeric Materials for Fiber and Gradient Optics

Polymers and Polymeric Materials for Fiber and Gradient Optics Book
Author : L. I. Nadareishvili
Publisher : VSP
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN : 9789067643641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book considers general aspects of the theory of polymers applied in optics. The main factors affecting the light loss in polymeric wave beam guides (PG) are discussed, and the mechanism of light loss in PG is analysed. Polymers applied in fiber optics are classified with reference to methods of fabrication and purification of the materials. Technological aspects of material fabrication are considered together with kinetic aspects of polymerisation. Updated information on polymerisation kinetics of MMA and styrene, and copolymerisation of these monomers with each other is reported. Other topics discussed in the book are heterogeneity of optic copolymers, association between structure and reactivity of monomers, other properties of optic copolymers, and areas of their commercial application. This volume will be of value and interest to anyone working in the field of optic polymers, both in academia and industry.