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Seismic Exploration Of Hydrocarbons In Heterogeneous Reservoirs

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Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs Book
Author : Jing Ba,José M. Carcione,Qizhen Du,Haibo Zhao,Tobias Muller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-02
ISBN : 0124202055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications is based on the field research conducted over the past decade by an authoring team of five of the world’s leading geoscientists. In recent years, the exploration targets of world's oil companies have become more complex. The direct detection of hydrocarbons based on seismic wave data in heterogeneous oil/gas reservoirs has become a hot spot in the research of applied and exploration geophysics. The relevant theories, approaches and applications, which the authors have worked on for years and have established mature technical processes for industrial application, are of significant meaning to the further study and practice of engineers, researchers and students in related area. Authored by a team of geophysicists in industry and academia with a range of field, instruction, and research experience in hydrocarbon exploration Nearly 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques Presents the latest research in wave propagation theory, unconventional resources, experimental study, multi-component seismic processing and imaging, rock physics modeling and quantitative seismic interpretation Sophisticated approach to research systematically forms an industrial work flow for geoscience and engineering practice

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs Book
Author : Jing Ba,Jose M. Carcione,Oizhen Du,Haibo Zhao,Tobias Muller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-26
ISBN : 9780124201514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications is based on the field research conducted over the past decade by an authoring team of five of the world's leading geoscientists. In recent years, the exploration targets of world's oil companies have become more complex. The direct detection of hydrocarbons based on seismic wave data in heterogeneous oil/gas reservoirs has become a hot spot in the research of applied and exploration geophysics. The relevant theories, approaches and applications, which the authors have worked on for years and have established mature technical processes for industrial application, are of significant meaning to the further study and practice of engineers, researchers and students in related area. Authored by a team of geophysicists in industry and academia with a range of field, instruction, and research experience in hydrocarbon exploration Nearly 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques Presents the latest research in wave propagation theory, unconventional resources, experimental study, multi-component seismic processing and imaging, rock physics modeling and quantitative seismic interpretation Sophisticated approach to research systematically forms an industrial work flow for geoscience and engineering practice

Re exploration Programs for Petroleum Rich Sags in Rift Basins

Re exploration Programs for Petroleum Rich Sags in Rift Basins Book
Author : Xianzheng Zhao,Fengming Jin,Lihong Zhou,Quan Wang,Xiugang Pu
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2018-08-15
ISBN : 012816154X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Re-exploration Programs for Petroleum-Rich Sags in Rift Basins covers the geological characteristics and potential of oil-rich depressions in a rifted basin. It describes up-to-date research and technology, detailing the current status of exploration. The overall aim of the book is to guide a new round of hydrocarbon exploration of petroleum-rich depressions, contributing to breakthroughs in re-exploration and a substantial increase in reserves. Chapters discuss the reservoir forming theory of oil-rich depressions, characters of hydrocarbon migration and accumulation in a weak structure slope, key elements of reservoir forming of deep buried hills and inner curtains, and more. Other topics covered include complex subtle reservoir recognition techniques, deep layer and buried hill high speed drill technology, recognition of buried hill reservoir and hydrocarbon, high efficiency enhanced oil recovery, and finally, methods of secondary exploration of oil-rich depressions and the development of a workflow to guide research and exploration. Provides up-to date knowledge and expertise on the geological characteristics and potential of oil-rich depressions in a rifted basin Based on a decade of experience, program deployment, and geological theory on continental basin exploration Gives practical guidance for exploiting green and brown fields Helps the reader understand how to increase reserves and production Ideal as a guidebook for sustainable large-scale exploration and exploitation of a continental rifted basin

Seismic Modeling of Complex Stratified Reservoirs

Seismic Modeling of Complex Stratified Reservoirs Book
Author : Hung-Liang Lai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Turbidite reservoirs in deep-water depositional systems, such as the oil fields in the offshore Gulf of Mexico and North Sea, are becoming an important exploration target in the petroleum industry. Accurate seismic reservoir characterization, however, is complicated by the heterogeneous of the sand and shale distribution and also by the lack of resolution when imaging thin channel deposits. Amplitude variation with offset (AVO) is a very important technique that is widely applied to locate hydrocarbons. Inaccurate estimates of seismic reflection amplitudes may result in misleading interpretations because of these problems in application to turbidite reservoirs. Therefore, an efficient, accurate, and robust method of modeling seismic responses for such complex reservoirs is crucial and necessary to reduce exploration risk. A fast and accurate approach generating synthetic seismograms for such reservoir models combines wavefront construction ray tracing with composite reflection coefficients in a hybrid modeling algorithm. The wavefront construction approach is a modern, fast implementation of ray tracing that I have extended to model quasishear wave propagation in anisotropic media. Composite reflection coefficients, which are computed using propagator matrix methods, provide the exact seismic reflection amplitude for a stratified reservoir model. This is a distinct improvement over conventional AVO analysis based on a model with only two homogeneous half spaces. I combine the two methods to compute synthetic seismograms for test models of turbidite reservoirs in the Ursa field, Gulf of Mexico, validating the new results against exact calculations using the discrete wavenumber method. The new method, however, can also be used to generate synthetic seismograms for the laterally heterogeneous, complex stratified reservoir models. The results show important frequency dependence that may be useful for exploration. Because turbidite channel systems often display complex vertical and lateral heterogeneity that is difficult to measure directly, stochastic modeling is often used to predict the range of possible seismic responses. Though binary models containing mixtures of sands and shales have been proposed in previous work, log measurements show that these are not good representations of real seismic properties. Therefore, I develop a new approach for generating stochastic turbidite models (STM) from a combination of geological interpretation and well log measurements that are more realistic. Calculations of the composite reflection coefficient and synthetic seismograms predict direct hydrocarbon indicators associated with such turbidite sequences. The STMs provide important insights to predict the seismic responses for the complexity of turbidite reservoirs. Results of AVO responses predict the presence of gas saturation in the sand beds. For example, as the source frequency increases, the uncertainty in AVO responses for brine and gas sands predict the possibility of false interpretation in AVO analysis.

Clastic Hydrocarbon Reservoir Sedimentology

Clastic Hydrocarbon Reservoir Sedimentology Book
Author : Xinghe Yu,Shengli Li,Shunli Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-03
ISBN : 3319703358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive assessment of clastic sedimentology and its application to reservoir geology. It covers the theoretical foundations of the topic and its use for scientists as well as professionals in the field. Further, it addresses all aspects of reservoir sedimentology, clastic sequence stratigraphy, sedimentation, reservoir diagenesis and heterogeneity, as well as depositional systems (alluvial, fluvial, lacustrine, delta, sandy coast, neritic, deep-water) in detail. The research team responsible for this book has been investigating clastic sedimentology for more than three decades and consists of highly published and cited authors. The Chinese edition of this book has been a great success, and is popular among sedimentologists and petroleum geologists alike.

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production Book
Author : Niranjan C. Nanda
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030753018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is meant for geoscientists and engineers who are beginners, and introduces them to the field of seismic data interpretation and evaluation. The exquisite seismic illustrations and real case examples interspersed in the text help the readers appreciate the interpretation of seismic data in a simple way, and at the same time, emphasize the multidisciplinary, integrated practical approach to data evaluation. A concerted effort has been made for the readers to realize that mindless interpretation of seismic data using sophisticated software packages, without having a grasp on the elementary principles of geology and geophysics, and coupled with their over-reliance on workstations to provide solutions can have appalling results all too very often.

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization Based on Integration of 3 D Seismic Data and Well Logs Using Conventional and Artificial Intelligence Approaches

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization Based on Integration of 3 D Seismic Data and Well Logs Using Conventional and Artificial Intelligence Approaches Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbonate Reservoir Characterization Based on Integration of 3 D Seismic Data and Well Logs Using Conventional and Artificial Intelligence Approaches book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Harness Oil and Gas Big Data with Analytics

Harness Oil and Gas Big Data with Analytics Book
Author : Keith R. Holdaway
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-27
ISBN : 1118779312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Use big data analytics to efficiently drive oil and gas exploration and production Harness Oil and Gas Big Data with Analytics provides a complete view of big data and analytics techniques as they are applied to the oil and gas industry. Including a compendium of specific case studies, the book underscores the acute need for optimization in the oil and gas exploration and production stages and shows how data analytics can provide such optimization. This spans exploration, development, production and rejuvenation of oil and gas assets. The book serves as a guide for fully leveraging data, statistical, and quantitative analysis, exploratory and predictive modeling, and fact-based management to drive decision making in oil and gas operations. This comprehensive resource delves into the three major issues that face the oil and gas industry during the exploration and production stages: Data management, including storing massive quantities of data in a manner conducive to analysis and effectively retrieving, backing up, and purging data Quantification of uncertainty, including a look at the statistical and data analytics methods for making predictions and determining the certainty of those predictions Risk assessment, including predictive analysis of the likelihood that known risks are realized and how to properly deal with unknown risks Covering the major issues facing the oil and gas industry in the exploration and production stages, Harness Big Data with Analytics reveals how to model big data to realize efficiencies and business benefits.

Geological Evolution of Central Asian Basins and the Western Tien Shan Range

Geological Evolution of Central Asian Basins and the Western Tien Shan Range Book
Author : Marie-Franc̦oise Brunet,Tom McCann,Edward R. Sobel
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2017-10-10
ISBN : 1862397384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The geological evolution of Central Asia commenced with the formation of a complex Precambrian–Palaeozoic orogen. Cimmerian blocks were then accreted to the southern margin in the Mesozoic, leading to tectonic reactivation of older structures and discrete episodes of basin formation. The Indian and Arabian blocks collided with Asia in the Cenozoic, leading to renewed structural reactivation, intracontinental deformation and basin development. This complex evolution resulted in the present-day setting of an elongated Tien Shan range flanked by large Mesozoic–Cenozoic sedimentary basins with smaller intramontane basins distributed within the range. This volume presents multidisciplinary results and reviews from research groups in Europe and Central Asia that focus on the western part of the Tien Shan and some of the adjacent large sedimentary basins. These works elucidate the Late Palaeozoic–Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary evolution of the area. Emphasis is given to the collision of terranes and continents and the ensuing fault reactivations. The impact of climatic changes on sedimentation is also examined.

SRB Project Report for 1994

SRB Project Report for 1994 Book
Author : Ran Bachrach
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download SRB Project Report for 1994 book written by Ran Bachrach, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Unconventional Petroleum Geology

Unconventional Petroleum Geology Book
Author : Caineng Zou
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-10
ISBN : 0128122358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unconventional Petroleum Geology, Second Edition presents the latest research results of global conventional and unconventional petroleum exploration and production. The first part covers the basics of unconventional petroleum geology, its introduction, concept of unconventional petroleum geology, unconventional oil and gas reservoirs, and the origin and distribution of unconventional oil and gas. The second part is focused on unconventional petroleum development technologies, including a series of technologies on resource assessment, lab analysis, geophysical interpretation, and drilling and completion. The third and final section features case studies of unconventional hydrocarbon resources, including tight oil and gas, shale oil and gas, coal bed methane, heavy oil, gas hydrates, and oil and gas in volcanic and metamorphic rocks. Provides an up-to-date, systematic, and comprehensive overview of all unconventional hydrocarbons Reorganizes and updates more than half of the first edition content, including four new chapters Includes a glossary on unconventional petroleum types, including tight-sandstone oil and gas, coal-bed gas, shale gas, oil and gas in fissure-cave-type carbonate rocks, in volcanic reservoirs, and in metamorphic rocks, heavy crude oil and natural bitumen, and gas hydrates Presents new theories, new methods, new technologies, and new management methods, helping to meet the demands of technology development and production requirements in unconventional plays

Illinois Petroleum

Illinois Petroleum Book
Author : Illinois State Geological Survey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Illinois Petroleum book written by Illinois State Geological Survey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

3 D Seismic Methods for Geothermal Reservoir Exploration and Assessment Summary

3 D Seismic Methods for Geothermal Reservoir Exploration and Assessment  Summary Book
Author : E. L. Majer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A wide variety of seismic methods covering the spectrum from DC to kilohertz have been employed at one time or the other in geothermal environments. The reasons have varied from exploration for a heat source to attempting to find individual fractures producing hot fluids. For the purposes here we will assume that overall objective of seismic imaging is for siting wells for successful location of permeable pathways (often fracture permeability) that are controlling flow and transport in naturally fractured reservoirs. The application could be for exploration of new resources or for in-fill/step-out drilling in existing fields. In most geothermal environments the challenge has been to separate the ''background'' natural complexity and heterogeneity of the matrix from the fracture/fault heterogeneity controlling the fluid flow. Ideally one not only wants to find the fractures, but the fractures that are controlling the flow of the fluids. Evaluated in this work is current state-of-the-art surface (seismic reflection) and borehole seismic methods (Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP), Crosswell and Single Well) to locate and quantify geothermal reservoir characteristics. The focus is on active methods; the assumption being that accuracy is needed for successful well siting. Passive methods are useful for exploration and detailed monitoring for in-fill drilling, but in general the passive methods lack the precision and accuracy for well siting in new or step out areas. In addition, MEQ activity is usually associated with production, after the field has been taken to a mature state, thus in most cases it is assumed that there is not enough MEQ activity in unproduced areas to accurately find the permeable pathways. The premise of this review is that there may new developments in theory and modeling, as well as in data acquisition and processing, which could make it possible to image the subsurface in much more detail than 15 years ago. New understanding of the effect of fractures on seismic wave propagation are now being applied to image fractures in gas and oil environments. It now may be appropriate to apply these methods, with modifications, to geothermal applications. It is assumed that to implement the appropriate methods an industry coupled program tightly linked to actual field cases, iterating between development and application will be pursued. The goal of this work is to evaluate the most promising methods and approaches that may be used for improved geothermal exploration and reservoir assessment. It is not a comprehensive review of all seismic methods used to date in geothermal environments. This work was motivated by a need to assess current and developing seismic technology that if applied in geothermal cases may greatly improve the chances for locating new geothermal resources and/or improve assessment of current ones.

Mathematical and Computational Methods in Seismic Exploration and Reservoir Modeling

Mathematical and Computational Methods in Seismic Exploration and Reservoir Modeling Book
Author : William Edward Fitzgibbon
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 1986-01-01
ISBN : 9780898712056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mathematical and Computational Methods in Seismic Exploration and Reservoir Modeling book written by William Edward Fitzgibbon, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Petro physics and Rock Physics of Carbonate Reservoirs

Petro physics and Rock Physics of Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Kumar Hemant Singh,Ritesh Mohan Joshi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 9811312117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected articles from the workshop on "Challenges in Petrophysical Evaluation and Rock Physics Modeling of Carbonate Reservoirs" held at IIT Bombay in November 2017. The articles included explore the challenges associated with using well-log data, core data analysis, and their integration in the qualitative and quantitative assessment of petrophysical and elastic properties in carbonate reservoirs. The book also discusses the recent trends and advances in the area of research and development of carbonate reservoir characterization, both in industry and academia. Further, it addresses the challenging concept of porosity portioning, which has huge implications for exploration and development success in these complex reservoirs, enabling readers to understand the varying orders of deposition and diagenesis and also to model the flow and elastic properties.

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2018

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2018 Book
Author : Jia'en Lin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-02
ISBN : 981137127X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected papers from the 8th International Field Exploration and Development Conference (IFEDC 2018) and addresses a broad range of topics, including: Reservoir Surveillance and Management, Reservoir Evaluation and Dynamic Description, Reservoir Production Stimulation and EOR, Ultra-Tight Reservoirs, Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources Technology, Oil and Gas Well Production Testing, and Geomechanics. In brief, the papers introduce readers to upstream technologies used in oil & gas development, the main principles of the process, and various related design technologies. The conference not only provided a platform to exchange experiences, but also promoted the advancement of scientific research in oil & gas exploration and production. The book is chiefly intended for industry experts, professors, researchers, senior engineers, and enterprise managers.

Soft Computing and Intelligent Data Analysis in Oil Exploration

Soft Computing and Intelligent Data Analysis in Oil Exploration Book
Author : M. Nikravesh,L.A. Zadeh,Fred Aminzadeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-04-22
ISBN : 9780080541327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive book highlights soft computing and geostatistics applications in hydrocarbon exploration and production, combining practical and theoretical aspects. It spans a wide spectrum of applications in the oil industry, crossing many discipline boundaries such as geophysics, geology, petrophysics and reservoir engineering. It is complemented by several tutorial chapters on fuzzy logic, neural networks and genetic algorithms and geostatistics to introduce these concepts to the uninitiated. The application areas include prediction of reservoir properties (porosity, sand thickness, lithology, fluid), seismic processing, seismic and bio stratigraphy, time lapse seismic and core analysis. There is a good balance between introducing soft computing and geostatistics methodologies that are not routinely used in the petroleum industry and various applications areas. The book can be used by many practitioners such as processing geophysicists, seismic interpreters, geologists, reservoir engineers, petrophysicist, geostatistians, asset mangers and technology application professionals. It will also be of interest to academics to assess the importance of, and contribute to, R&D efforts in relevant areas.

Marine Oil and Gas Exploration in China

Marine Oil and Gas Exploration in China Book
Author : Yongsheng Ma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-24
ISBN : 3662611473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book systematically introduces the petroleum geological characteristics and exploration theory of marine strata in China. On the basis of four major basins, 14 typical cases have been studied in which 13 cases are from conventional oil and gas fields and 1 case is from shale gas field, along with their hydrocarbon generation, migration, accumulation, and distribution characteristics. The book provides a reference for geologists around the globe to understand the exploration history, methods and advances in marine strata oil and gas exploration in China.

Carbonate Seismology

Carbonate Seismology Book
Author : Ibrahim Palaz,Kurt J. Marfurt,K. J. Marfurt
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 1997
ISBN : 1560800380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although carbonates make up only 20% of the sedimentary rock record, they account for more than 50% of the world's proven oil reserves. Carbonates differ from siliclastics in generation, geomorphology, and diagenesis, all of which modify the mineralogy, porosity, and permeability so important to reservoir quality and 3-D seismic response. The first eight chapters establish the geologic framework and consist of state-of-the-art review papers written by recognized experts in carbonate generation, rock properties, sequence stratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, and structural deformation. The last 10 chapters illustrate the seismic expression of carbonate terranes through carefully chosen case studies drawn from the United States, Venezuela, Norway, China, Saudi Arabia, Italy, and the Bahamas, augmented by two careful studies of seismic signal-to-noise problems specific to carbonates. A recurring theme in each of these case studies is the importance of integrating seismic and petrophysical control with geologic models to better predict carbonate facies quality and distribution. This book is destined to become a well-worn reference volume that sits easily within reach of every geologist, geophysicist, and engineer involved in the exploration or exploitation of carbonate reservoirs.

Seismic Attributes for Prospect Identification and Reservoir Characterization

Seismic Attributes for Prospect Identification and Reservoir Characterization Book
Author : Satinder Chopra,K. J. Marfurt
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1560801417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic attributes play a key role in exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons. In Seismic Attributes for Prospect Identification and Reservoir Characterization (SEG Geophysical Developments No. 11), Satinder Chopra and Kurt J. Marfurt introduce the physical basis, mathematical implementation, and geologic expression of modern volumetric attributes including coherence, dip/azimuth, curvature, amplitude gradients, seismic textures, and spectral decomposition. The authors demonstrate the importance of effective color display and sensitivity to seismic acquisition and processing. Examples from different basins illustrate the attribute expression of tectonic deformation, clastic depositional systems, carbonate depositional systems and diagenesis, drilling hazards, and reservoir characterization. The book is illustrated generously with color figures throughout. "Seismic Attributes" will appeal to seismic interpreters who want to extract more information from data; seismic processors and imagers who want to learn how their efforts impact subtle stratigraphic and fracture plays; sedimentologists, stratigraphers, and structural geologists who use large 3D seismic volumes to interpret their plays within a regional, basinwide context; and reservoir engineers whose work is based on detailed 3D reservoir models. Copublished with EAGE.