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Seismic Exploration Of Hydrocarbons In Heterogeneous Reservoirs

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Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs Book
Author : Jing Ba,José M. Carcione,Qizhen Du,Haibo Zhao,Tobias Muller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-02
ISBN : 0124202055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications is based on the field research conducted over the past decade by an authoring team of five of the world’s leading geoscientists. In recent years, the exploration targets of world's oil companies have become more complex. The direct detection of hydrocarbons based on seismic wave data in heterogeneous oil/gas reservoirs has become a hot spot in the research of applied and exploration geophysics. The relevant theories, approaches and applications, which the authors have worked on for years and have established mature technical processes for industrial application, are of significant meaning to the further study and practice of engineers, researchers and students in related area. Authored by a team of geophysicists in industry and academia with a range of field, instruction, and research experience in hydrocarbon exploration Nearly 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques Presents the latest research in wave propagation theory, unconventional resources, experimental study, multi-component seismic processing and imaging, rock physics modeling and quantitative seismic interpretation Sophisticated approach to research systematically forms an industrial work flow for geoscience and engineering practice

Re exploration Programs for Petroleum Rich Sags in Rift Basins

Re exploration Programs for Petroleum Rich Sags in Rift Basins Book
Author : Xianzheng Zhao,Fengming Jin,Lihong Zhou,Quan Wang,Xiugang Pu
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2018-08-15
ISBN : 012816154X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Re-exploration Programs for Petroleum-Rich Sags in Rift Basins covers the geological characteristics and potential of oil-rich depressions in a rifted basin. It describes up-to-date research and technology, detailing the current status of exploration. The overall aim of the book is to guide a new round of hydrocarbon exploration of petroleum-rich depressions, contributing to breakthroughs in re-exploration and a substantial increase in reserves. Chapters discuss the reservoir forming theory of oil-rich depressions, characters of hydrocarbon migration and accumulation in a weak structure slope, key elements of reservoir forming of deep buried hills and inner curtains, and more. Other topics covered include complex subtle reservoir recognition techniques, deep layer and buried hill high speed drill technology, recognition of buried hill reservoir and hydrocarbon, high efficiency enhanced oil recovery, and finally, methods of secondary exploration of oil-rich depressions and the development of a workflow to guide research and exploration. Provides up-to date knowledge and expertise on the geological characteristics and potential of oil-rich depressions in a rifted basin Based on a decade of experience, program deployment, and geological theory on continental basin exploration Gives practical guidance for exploiting green and brown fields Helps the reader understand how to increase reserves and production Ideal as a guidebook for sustainable large-scale exploration and exploitation of a continental rifted basin

Wave Fields in Real Media

Wave Fields in Real Media Book
Author : José M. Carcione
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-08-23
ISBN : 0323983596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wave Fields in Real Media: Wave Propagation in Anisotropic, Anelastic, Porous and Electromagnetic Media examines the differences between an ideal and a real description of wave propagation, starting with the introduction of relevant constitutive relations. The differential formulation can be written in terms of memory variables, and Biot theory is used to describe wave propagation in porous media. For each constitutive relation, a plane-wave analysis is performed to illustrate the physics of wave propagation. New topics are the S-wave amplification function, Fermat principle and its relation to Snell law, bounds and averages of seismic Q, seismic attenuation in partially molten rocks, and more. This book contains a review of the main direct numerical methods for solving the equation of motion in the time and space domains. The emphasis is on geophysical applications for seismic exploration, but researchers in the fields of earthquake seismology, rock acoustics and material science - including many branches of acoustics of fluids and solids - may also find this text useful. Examines the fundamentals of wave propagation in anisotropic, anelastic and porous media Presents all equations and concepts necessary to understand the physics of wave propagation Emphasizes geophysics, particularly seismic exploration for hydrocarbon reservoirs, which is essential for the exploration and production of oil

Geological Evolution of Central Asian Basins and the Western Tien Shan Range

Geological Evolution of Central Asian Basins and the Western Tien Shan Range Book
Author : Marie-Franc̦oise Brunet,Tom McCann,Edward R. Sobel
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2017-10-10
ISBN : 1862397384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The geological evolution of Central Asia commenced with the formation of a complex Precambrian–Palaeozoic orogen. Cimmerian blocks were then accreted to the southern margin in the Mesozoic, leading to tectonic reactivation of older structures and discrete episodes of basin formation. The Indian and Arabian blocks collided with Asia in the Cenozoic, leading to renewed structural reactivation, intracontinental deformation and basin development. This complex evolution resulted in the present-day setting of an elongated Tien Shan range flanked by large Mesozoic–Cenozoic sedimentary basins with smaller intramontane basins distributed within the range. This volume presents multidisciplinary results and reviews from research groups in Europe and Central Asia that focus on the western part of the Tien Shan and some of the adjacent large sedimentary basins. These works elucidate the Late Palaeozoic–Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary evolution of the area. Emphasis is given to the collision of terranes and continents and the ensuing fault reactivations. The impact of climatic changes on sedimentation is also examined.

Harness Oil and Gas Big Data with Analytics

Harness Oil and Gas Big Data with Analytics Book
Author : Keith R. Holdaway
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-27
ISBN : 1118779312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Use big data analytics to efficiently drive oil and gas exploration and production Harness Oil and Gas Big Data with Analytics provides a complete view of big data and analytics techniques as they are applied to the oil and gas industry. Including a compendium of specific case studies, the book underscores the acute need for optimization in the oil and gas exploration and production stages and shows how data analytics can provide such optimization. This spans exploration, development, production and rejuvenation of oil and gas assets. The book serves as a guide for fully leveraging data, statistical, and quantitative analysis, exploratory and predictive modeling, and fact-based management to drive decision making in oil and gas operations. This comprehensive resource delves into the three major issues that face the oil and gas industry during the exploration and production stages: Data management, including storing massive quantities of data in a manner conducive to analysis and effectively retrieving, backing up, and purging data Quantification of uncertainty, including a look at the statistical and data analytics methods for making predictions and determining the certainty of those predictions Risk assessment, including predictive analysis of the likelihood that known risks are realized and how to properly deal with unknown risks Covering the major issues facing the oil and gas industry in the exploration and production stages, Harness Big Data with Analytics reveals how to model big data to realize efficiencies and business benefits.

Oil and Gas Reservoir Prospecting and Exploration

Oil and Gas Reservoir Prospecting and Exploration Book
Author : Vladimir L. Trofimov,Fanil F. Khaziev,Alisa V. Trofimova
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-05-31
ISBN : 3030843890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses topical issues of detailed seismic data interpretation using high-resolution seismic (HRS) techniques, which are based on the numerical method developed by the authors for solving the inverse dynamic seismic problem (IDSP). The authors highlight the range of issues related to the development and application of HRS-Geo technologies on a variety of seismic data, and analyze a significant amount of practical material in various seismic and geological conditions. This analysis allows for the accurate estimation of geological indicators in sediments that are most important for the prediction and exploration of oil and gas deposits, including lithological composition, reservoir properties, and the nature and degree of reservoir rock saturation with fluids. The book is intended for professionals involved in seismic data processing and geological interpretation, students of geophysical and geological specialties, graduate students of these specializations.

Cloud Computing for Scientific Research

Cloud Computing for Scientific Research Book
Author : Jie Xiong
Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 161896562X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

I introduce the cloud computing fundamentals, architecture of layers, and scientific services on the cloud firstly. Then, I introduce several typical commercial cloud computing platforms, such as Amazon Cloud Computing, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. Lastly, I discuss the scientific cloud computing based on these three commercial cloud computing platforms.

Unconventional Petroleum Geology

Unconventional Petroleum Geology Book
Author : Caineng Zou
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 012397786X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unconventional Petroleum Geology is the first book of its kind to collectively identify, catalog, and assess the exploration and recovery potential of the Earth's unconventional hydrocarbons. Advances in hydrocarbon technology and petroleum development systems have recently made the exploration of unconventional hydrocarbons—such as shale gas, tight sandstone oil and gas, heavy oil, tar sand, and coalbed methane—the hottest trend in the petroleum industry. Detailed case studies act as real-world application templates, making the book's concepts immediately practical and useful by exploration geologists. The logical and intuitive three-part approach of systematically identifying an unconventional hydrocarbon, cataloguing its accumulation features, and assessing its exploration and recovery potential can be immediately implemented in the field—anywhere in the world. Provides a detailed assessment of the exploration and recovery potential of the full range of unconventional hydrocarbons More than 300 illustrations—many in full color—capture the detailed intricacies and associated technological advances in unconventional hydrocarbon exploration More than 20 case studies and examples from around the world conclude each chapter and aid in the application of key exploration and recovery techniques

Elements of Petroleum Geology

Elements of Petroleum Geology Book
Author : Richard C. Selley,Stephen A. Sonnenberg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-08-26
ISBN : 0128223170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Elements of Petroleum Geology, Fourth Edition is a useful primer for geophysicists, geologists and petroleum engineers in the oil industry who wish to expand their knowledge beyond their specialized area. It is also an excellent introductory text for a university course in petroleum geoscience. This updated edition includes new case studies on non-conventional exploration, including tight oil and shale gas exploration, as well as coverage of the impacts on petroleum geology on the environment. Sections on shale reservoirs, flow units and containers, IOR and EOR, giant petroleum provinces, halo reservoirs, and resource estimation methods are also expanded. Written by a preeminent petroleum geologist and sedimentologist with decades of petroleum exploration in remote corners of the world Covers information pertinent to everyone working in the oil and gas industry, especially geophysicists, geologists and petroleum reservoir engineers Fully revised with updated references and expanded coverage of topics and new case studies

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soft Computing and Intelligent Data Analysis in Oil Exploration

Soft Computing and Intelligent Data Analysis in Oil Exploration Book
Author : M. Nikravesh,L.A. Zadeh,Fred Aminzadeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-04-22
ISBN : 9780080541327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive book highlights soft computing and geostatistics applications in hydrocarbon exploration and production, combining practical and theoretical aspects. It spans a wide spectrum of applications in the oil industry, crossing many discipline boundaries such as geophysics, geology, petrophysics and reservoir engineering. It is complemented by several tutorial chapters on fuzzy logic, neural networks and genetic algorithms and geostatistics to introduce these concepts to the uninitiated. The application areas include prediction of reservoir properties (porosity, sand thickness, lithology, fluid), seismic processing, seismic and bio stratigraphy, time lapse seismic and core analysis. There is a good balance between introducing soft computing and geostatistics methodologies that are not routinely used in the petroleum industry and various applications areas. The book can be used by many practitioners such as processing geophysicists, seismic interpreters, geologists, reservoir engineers, petrophysicist, geostatistians, asset mangers and technology application professionals. It will also be of interest to academics to assess the importance of, and contribute to, R&D efforts in relevant areas.

Carbonate Reservoir Heterogeneity

Carbonate Reservoir Heterogeneity Book
Author : Vahid Tavakoli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-11
ISBN : 3030347737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the parameters and factors that cause heterogeneity in carbonate reservoirs, and examines how they interact with one another. It explores the various scales of heterogeneity, how they are caused, and how they can be minimized, as well as how the scales affect each other, providing practical examples in each chapter. The book concludes by discussing the effect of heterogeneity on petrophysical evaluations. As reducing heterogeneity is the only way to obtain accurate carbonate reservoir characteristics at the regional scale, the book offers an important reference guide for all geologists, engineers, and modelers working with subsurface data.

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production Book
Author : Niranjan C. Nanda
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-10
ISBN : 3319264915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to the field of seismic data interpretation and evaluation, covering themes such as petroleum exploration and high resolution seismic data. It helps geoscientists and engineers who are practitioners in this area to both understand and to avoid the potential pitfalls of interpreting and evaluating such data, especially the over-reliance on sophisticated software packages and workstations alongside a lack of grasp on the elementary principles of geology and geophysics. Chapters elaborate on the necessary principles, from topics like seismic wave propagation and rock-fluid parameters to seismic modeling and inversions, explaining the need to understand geological implications. The difference between interpretation of data and its evaluation is highlighted and the author encourages imaginative, logical and practical application of knowledge. Readers will appreciate the exquisite illustrations included with the accessibly written text, which simplify the process of learning about interpretation of seismic data. This multidisciplinary, integrated and practical approach to data evaluation will prove to be a valuable tool for students and young professionals, especially those connected with oil companies.

Carbonate Seismology

Carbonate Seismology Book
Author : Ibrahim Palaz,Kurt J. Marfurt,K. J. Marfurt
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 1997
ISBN : 1560800380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although carbonates make up only 20% of the sedimentary rock record, they account for more than 50% of the world's proven oil reserves. Carbonates differ from siliclastics in generation, geomorphology, and diagenesis, all of which modify the mineralogy, porosity, and permeability so important to reservoir quality and 3-D seismic response. The first eight chapters establish the geologic framework and consist of state-of-the-art review papers written by recognized experts in carbonate generation, rock properties, sequence stratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, and structural deformation. The last 10 chapters illustrate the seismic expression of carbonate terranes through carefully chosen case studies drawn from the United States, Venezuela, Norway, China, Saudi Arabia, Italy, and the Bahamas, augmented by two careful studies of seismic signal-to-noise problems specific to carbonates. A recurring theme in each of these case studies is the importance of integrating seismic and petrophysical control with geologic models to better predict carbonate facies quality and distribution. This book is destined to become a well-worn reference volume that sits easily within reach of every geologist, geophysicist, and engineer involved in the exploration or exploitation of carbonate reservoirs.

North Sea Oil and Gas Reservoirs II

North Sea Oil and Gas Reservoirs   II Book
Author : A.T. Buller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400907915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first North Sea Oil and Gas Reservoirs Conference was held in Trondheim in 1985 as part of the Norwegian Institute of Technology's 75th anniversary celebrations. Favourable reactions from the delegates prompted the Committee to re-run the event some three and a half years later, and it is now intended that the Confe rence be held on a regular basis as long as there is a demand for this type of gathering. The objectives of the 1989 Conference, which were broadly similar to those of the previous one, were: (a) to bring together those engaged in various geoscientific and reservoir engineering aspects of North Sea Oil and gas reservoirs in one forum; (b) to demonstrate wherever poSsible the interdependence of the various disciplines and specializations; (c) to promote innovative, synergistic approaches to research and development programmes aimed at North Sea conditions; and (d) to reflect current trends in the reservoir sciences. Naturally there was no place for specialist parallel sessions in a Conference aimed at encouraging interdisciplinary integration and awareness.

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2019

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2019 Book
Author : Jia'en Lin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-11
ISBN : 9811524858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected papers from the 8th International Field Exploration and Development Conference (IFEDC 2019) and addresses a broad range of topics, including: Low Permeability Reservoir, Unconventional Tight & Shale Oil Reservoir, Unconventional Heavy Oil and Coal Bed Gas, Digital and Intelligent Oilfield, Reservoir Dynamic Analysis, Oil and Gas Reservoir Surveillance and Management, Oil and Gas Reservoir Evaluation and Modeling, Drilling and Production Operation, Enhancement of Recovery, Oil and Gas Reservoir Exploration. The conference not only provided a platform to exchange experiences, but also promoted the advancement of scientific research in oil & gas exploration and production. The book is chiefly intended for industry experts, professors, researchers, senior engineers, and enterprise managers.

Mathematical Methods and Modelling in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Mathematical Methods and Modelling in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production Book
Author : Armin Iske,Trygve Randen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-12-13
ISBN : 9783540225362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrocarbon exploration and production incorporate great technology challenges for the oil and gas industry. In order to meet the world's future demand for oil and gas, further technological advance is needed, which in turn requires research across multiple disciplines, including mathematics, geophysics, geology, petroleum engineering, signal processing, and computer science. This book addresses important aspects and fundamental concepts in hydrocarbon exploration and production. Moreover, new developments and recent advances in the relevant research areas are discussed, whereby special emphasis is placed on mathematical methods and modelling. The book reflects the multi-disciplinary character of the hydrocarbon production workflow, ranging from seismic data imaging, seismic analysis and interpretation and geological model building, to numerical reservoir simulation. Various challenges concerning the production workflow are discussed in detail. The thirteen chapters of this joint work, authored by international experts from academic and industrial institutions, include survey papers of expository character as well as original research articles. Large parts of the material presented in this book were developed between November 2000 and April 2004 through the European research and training network NetAGES, "Network for Automated Geometry Extraction from Seismic". The new methods described here are currently being implemented as software tools at Schlumberger Stavanger Research, one of the world's largest service providers to the oil industry.

Exploration Geophysics

Exploration Geophysics Book
Author : Mamdouh R. Gadallah,Ray Fisher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-20
ISBN : 3540851607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many text books have been written on the subject "Exploration Geophysics". The majority of these texts focus on the theory and the mathematical treatment of the subject matter but lack treatment of practical aspects of geophysical exploration. This text is written in simple English to explain the physical meaning of jargon, or terms used in the industry. It describes how seismic data is acquired in 2-D and 3-D, how they are processed to convert the raw data to seismic vertical and horizontal cross sections, that are geologically meaningful, and how these and other data are interpreted to delineate a prospect. Workshops are included after each chapter and are designed to reinforce learning of the concepts presented. Key Features: Written in simple easy to understand language Heavily illustrated to aid in understanding the text End of chapter "Key words and workshop" The text includes several appendices and answers for the selected workshop problems

Seismic Modeling of Complex Stratified Reservoirs

Seismic Modeling of Complex Stratified Reservoirs Book
Author : Hung-Liang Lai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Turbidite reservoirs in deep-water depositional systems, such as the oil fields in the offshore Gulf of Mexico and North Sea, are becoming an important exploration target in the petroleum industry. Accurate seismic reservoir characterization, however, is complicated by the heterogeneous of the sand and shale distribution and also by the lack of resolution when imaging thin channel deposits. Amplitude variation with offset (AVO) is a very important technique that is widely applied to locate hydrocarbons. Inaccurate estimates of seismic reflection amplitudes may result in misleading interpretations because of these problems in application to turbidite reservoirs. Therefore, an efficient, accurate, and robust method of modeling seismic responses for such complex reservoirs is crucial and necessary to reduce exploration risk. A fast and accurate approach generating synthetic seismograms for such reservoir models combines wavefront construction ray tracing with composite reflection coefficients in a hybrid modeling algorithm. The wavefront construction approach is a modern, fast implementation of ray tracing that I have extended to model quasishear wave propagation in anisotropic media. Composite reflection coefficients, which are computed using propagator matrix methods, provide the exact seismic reflection amplitude for a stratified reservoir model. This is a distinct improvement over conventional AVO analysis based on a model with only two homogeneous half spaces. I combine the two methods to compute synthetic seismograms for test models of turbidite reservoirs in the Ursa field, Gulf of Mexico, validating the new results against exact calculations using the discrete wavenumber method. The new method, however, can also be used to generate synthetic seismograms for the laterally heterogeneous, complex stratified reservoir models. The results show important frequency dependence that may be useful for exploration. Because turbidite channel systems often display complex vertical and lateral heterogeneity that is difficult to measure directly, stochastic modeling is often used to predict the range of possible seismic responses. Though binary models containing mixtures of sands and shales have been proposed in previous work, log measurements show that these are not good representations of real seismic properties. Therefore, I develop a new approach for generating stochastic turbidite models (STM) from a combination of geological interpretation and well log measurements that are more realistic. Calculations of the composite reflection coefficient and synthetic seismograms predict direct hydrocarbon indicators associated with such turbidite sequences. The STMs provide important insights to predict the seismic responses for the complexity of turbidite reservoirs. Results of AVO responses predict the presence of gas saturation in the sand beds. For example, as the source frequency increases, the uncertainty in AVO responses for brine and gas sands predict the possibility of false interpretation in AVO analysis.

Practical Geophysical Technology and Application for Lithological Reservoirs

Practical Geophysical Technology and Application for Lithological Reservoirs Book
Author : Huandi Wang,Ming Li,Yadong Wu,Jianrong Gao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 9811641978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces new geological analysis and geophysical methods and techniques for lithological reservoir exploration. It puts forward a set of practical geophysical methods and techniques aimed at lithological reservoirs in China. From a practical point of view, the book systematically analyses geophysical methods and technique principles, applied steps, key problems and caution notes in lithological exploration. The lessons of the book are demonstrated with a case study of the Songliao Basin, which has a large area with a low density of lithological reservoirs, indicating the methods and techniques that can identify lithological reservoirs. It is unique in its fusion of theory, method and technology and practice.