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Science And Technology In Disaster Risk Reduction In Asia

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Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 0128127120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Disaster Risk Management in Asia and the Pacific

Disaster Risk Management in Asia and the Pacific Book
Author : Ian Davis
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-09-04
ISBN : 1317644875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book uses two international frameworks—the Millennium Development Goals and the Hyogo Framework for Action, a program focused on disaster risk management—to study the key trends in the region in terms of disaster incidence, sources of vulnerability and social and economic challenges. As both frameworks draw to a close, international debate is taking place during the period 2012–2015 on their current progress. This book seeks to help readers understand the process better. The chapters are written by eight independent internationally based authors. Collectively, they have extensive regional experience in the areas of disaster risk management and climate change as well as working in academia, research, consultancy, the UN and international agencies, government and the NGO sector. The analysis presented benefits from their varied backgrounds in medicine, architecture, economics, engineering, planning, social studies, development studies and political science. Throughout the book, relevant examples, drawn from the region, are included to ‘earth’ the project in the harsh realities of risk and disaster impact.

Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Pacific

Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Pacific Book
Author : Helen James
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9811648115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together interdisciplinary perspectives from across the Asia Pacific region, covering four main sections: 1) Governance, 2) Education and Capacity, 3) Science, Technology, Risk Assessment and Communities, and 4) Recovery. The chapters address different dimensions of Sendai Framework of Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), which are linked to Sustainable Development Goals, as well as Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Helen James was a specialist in Mainland Southeast Asia, especially Thailand and Myanmar (Burma). In 1997 she was awarded the order of Benchamabhorn, Member of the Most Noble Order of the Kingdom of Thailand by H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej for services to Thai history, language, education and culture. Helen passed away in April 2020. Rajib Shaw is the professor in Graduate School of Media and Governance in Keio Universitys Shonan Fujisawa Campus (SFC). Earlier, he was the Executive Director of the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR), a decade-long research program co-sponsored by the International Science Council (ISC) and the United Nations Office for Disaster Reduction (UNDRR). He is a Senior Fellow of Institute of Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Japan, and the Chairperson of SEEDS Asia and CWS Japan, two Japanese NGOs. Vinod Sharma is the First Professor of Disaster Management in India, and one of the pioneers in DRR in South Asia. He is also the Founder Coordinator of National Centre of Disaster Management (now National Institute of Disaster Management). He is well versed with the national, state and local disaster management legislation, institutions and systems through work as Vice-Chair, Sikkim State Disaster Management Authority with a diverse education that includes international development, sustainability and water governance. Anna Lukasiewicz researches topics around the distribution of natural resources (including how decision-making processes are structured and stakeholder-decision maker interactions); water governance (including water management, climate change adaptation and stakeholder engagement); and natural hazard management (especially policy around disaster resilience). She works mainly at the interface of justice and natural resource management. .

Natural Hazards Management in Asia

Natural Hazards Management in Asia Book
Author : Indrajit Pal,Tuhin Ghosh
Publisher : SAGE Publishing India
Release : 2017-11-30
ISBN : 9386602202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural disasters are more common now than they have been ever before. Globally, climates are changing and natural hazards are becoming routine. This book is a study of natural hazards and how they turn into disasters—with a focus on Asian countries. It takes a holistic view of the subject and discusses different concepts of disaster management to understand both theory as well as practice. The book also explains best practices and the most effective tools for alleviating the consequences of such disasters. This study provides insight into the impact of natural disasters on human life, infrastructure, and economy and analyzes mitigation strategies with reference to numerous case studies. It also outlines the policies and laws that govern disaster management in India and abroad.

Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia

Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Atta-ur-Rahman,Akhilesh Surjan,Gulsan Ara Parvin
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-01-06
ISBN : 0128023775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia presents the latest information on the intensity and frequency of disasters. Specifically, the fact that, in urban areas, more than 50% of the world's population is living on just 2% of the land surface, with most of these cities located in Asia and developing countries that have high vulnerability and intensification. The book offers an in-depth and multidisciplinary approach to reducing the impact of disasters by examining specific evidence from events in these areas that can be used to develop best practices and increase urban resilience worldwide. As urban resilience is largely a function of resilient and resourceful citizens, building cities which are more resilient internally and externally can lead to more productive economic returns. In an era of rapid urbanization and increasing disaster risks and vulnerabilities in Asian cities, Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia is an invaluable tool for policy makers, researchers, and practitioners working in both public and private sectors. Explores a broad range of aspects of disaster and urban resiliency, including environmental, economic, architectural, and engineering factors Bridges the gap between urban resilience and rural areas and community building Provides evidence-based data that can lead to improved disaster resiliency in urban Asia Focuses on Asian cities, some of the most densely populated areas on the planet, where disasters are particularly devastating

An Interdisciplinary Approach for Disaster Resilience and Sustainability

An Interdisciplinary Approach for Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Book
Author : Indrajit Pal,Jason von Meding,Sangam Shrestha,Iftekhar Ahmed,Thayaparan Gajendran
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-17
ISBN : 9813295279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes selected papers presented at the international expert forum on “Mainstreaming Resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction in Education,” held at the Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand on 1–2 December 2017. The journey towards disaster risk reduction and resilience requires the participation of a wide array of stakeholders ranging from academics to policymakers, to disaster managers. Given the multifaceted and interdependent nature of disasters, disaster risk reduction and resilience require a multidisciplinary problem-solving approach and evidence-based techniques from the natural, social, engineering, and other relevant sciences. Traditionally, hazard and disaster-related studies have been dominated by the engineering and social science fields. In this regard, the main purpose of this book is to capture the multidisciplinary and multisectoral nature of disaster risk reduction, and to gather existing data, research, conceptual work, and practical cases regarding risk reduction and its ties to sustainable development under a single “umbrella.” Along with the sustainability aspect, the book also links disaster risk reduction with development, technology, governance, education, and climate change, and includes discussions on challenges, solutions, and best practices in the mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction.

Integrated Research on Disaster Risks

Integrated Research on Disaster Risks Book
Author : Riyanti Djalante,Mizan B. F. Bisri,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 3030555631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of works written by young scientists involved in the Integrated Disaster Risk Research (IRDR). Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) is a decade-long research programme co-sponsored by the International Science Council (merged by International Council for Science (ICSU), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR). It is a global, multi-disciplinary approach to dealing with the challenges brought by natural disasters, mitigating their impacts, and improving related policy-making mechanisms. The book examines multidisciplinary research and actions related to disaster risk reduction internationally. The Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) Young Scientists programme is: • A sub-programme within IRDR which promotes capacity building of young professionals and encourages them to undertake innovative and need-based research which makes science–policy and science–practice linkages stronger. • IRDR Young Scientists Programme was started in late 2016. Currently, it is a community of 115 young researchers from over 40 countries after 3 batches of application. • IRDR network and partners provide academic advice and training courses, workshops, and programmes for IRDR young scientists. • IRDR young scientists contribute to innovative research in the field of disaster risk reduction and participate in conferences and/or social media as the ambassador of IRDR. The book is of interest to researchers and scholars in the field of governance of sustainability and environmental governance. Postgraduate students will benefit this book within courses on environmental governance, on climate change governance, and on transformation and social change processes. Societal actors in climate change adaptation and other environmental governance fields on local, national, and international levels can benefit from the focus on societally relevant findings in the past 10 years of research on adaptiveness.

Handbook on Climate Change and Disasters

Handbook on Climate Change and Disasters Book
Author : Shaw, Rajib
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2022-10-13
ISBN : 1800371616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive Handbook assesses the escalation of global natural disasters as a result of climate change. Examining the complex interplay of human and natural activities, it highlights the growing vulnerability of people and communities in developing countries to floods, landslides, cyclones, heat waves and wildfires.

Public Health and Disasters

Public Health and Disasters Book
Author : Emily Ying Yang Chan,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-24
ISBN : 9811509247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the health emergency and disaster risk management (H-EDRM) research landscape, with examples from Asia. In recent years, the intersection of health and disaster risk reduction (DRR) has emerged as an important interdisciplinary field. In several landmark UN agreements adopted in 2015–2016, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Paris climate agreement, and the New Urban Agenda (Habitat III), health is acknowledged as an inevitable outcome and a natural goal of disaster risk reduction, and the cross-over of the two fields is essential for the successful implementation of the Sendai Framework. H-EDRM has emerged as an umbrella field that encompasses emergency and disaster medicine, DRR, humanitarian response, community health resilience, and health system resilience. However, this fragmented, nascent field has yet to be developed into a coherent discipline. Key challenges include redundant research, lack of a strategic research agenda, limited development of multisectoral and interdisciplinary approaches, deficiencies in the science–policy–practice nexus, absence of standardized terminology, and insufficient coordination among stakeholders. This book provides a timely and invaluable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, scholars, and frontline practitioners as well as policymakers from across the component domains of H-EDRM.

Progress of Geo Disaster Mitigation Technology in Asia

Progress of Geo Disaster Mitigation Technology in Asia Book
Author : Fawu Wang,Masakatsu Miyajima,Tonglu Li,Wei SHAN,Teuku Faisal Fathani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-05
ISBN : 3642291074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes the recent 10-year achievement of geo-disaster mitigation by leading Asian scientists from Japan, China, Indonesia, Korea, Iran and Far East of Russia. Case studies on recent occurred geo-disasters in Asian region have been presented. The forming mechanics of hazards such as earthquake and landslide are deeply discussed, and the disaster mitigation technology for building and pipeline safety, landslide hazard assessment and risk management are introduced.

Climate Change Disaster Risks and Human Security

Climate Change  Disaster Risks  and Human Security Book
Author : Juan M. Pulhin,Makoto Inoue,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-18
ISBN : 981158852X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores how climate change and disaster risks threaten human security in Asia. Climate change and disaster risks have emerged as major human security challenges in the twenty-first century, and are an imminent “threat multiplier” with the potential to harm the vital core of human life and curtail people’s freedom and ability to live with dignity. Climate change and disaster risks undermine the security of individuals, communities, nations, and the world, considering the increasing trend in the frequency and magnitude of hydro-meteorological disasters and the projections on their future adverse impacts. Despite recent advances in the literature, there is still a major gap in understanding the relationship and linkages between climate change, disaster risks, and human security, particularly as gleaned from the Asian experience. Asia is the world’s most vulnerable region in terms of the quantity and magnitude of impacts from various forms of disaster. At the same time, it has developed a number of innovative responses to address those risks, offering a wealth of experience. Exploring and capitalizing on the Asian perspective, this book provides valuable resource material for students, academics, researchers, policymakers, and development practitioners working in these areas.

Climate Change and Risk in South and Southeast Asia

Climate Change and Risk in South and Southeast Asia Book
Author : Devendraraj Madhanagopal,Salim Momtaz
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2022-11-30
ISBN : 1000787931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, focuses on South and Southeast Asia, upgrades our understanding of the influence of multiple sociopolitical and governance factors on climate change and risks. Moving beyond science and technology-oriented discussions on climate change, it argues that the real solutions to climate change problems lie in societies, governance systems, non-state actors, and the power and politics underpinning these systems. It presents a range of detailed conceptual, empirical, and policy-oriented insights from different nations of South and Southeast Asia, including India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Vietnam, Maldives, and Bhutan. The chapters bring forth critical discussions of climate change, covering a diverse range of topics including livelihoods, gender, community perspectives, relocation, resilience, local politics, climate change communication, governance, and policy responses. By investigating climate change vulnerabilities and as well as offering feasible solutions to the states and other non-state actors in responding to climate change and risks, this book deepens our existing knowledge of the social and political dimensions of climate change. With interdisciplinary perspectives, this book will appeal to all students, researchers, and scholars of environmental studies, geography, disaster studies, sociology, policy studies, development studies, and political science. It provides valuable reading to practitioners, policymakers, and professionals working in related fields.

Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction

Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Yuko Murayama,Dimiter Velev,Plamena Zlateva,Jose J. Gonzalez
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-28
ISBN : 3319684868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First IFIP TC 5 DCDRR International Conference on Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction, ITDRR 2016, held in Sofia, Bulgaria, in November 2016. The 20 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The papers focus on various aspects and challenges of coping with disaster risk reduction. The main topics include areas such as big data, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, natural disasters, mobile computing, emergency management, disaster information processing, disaster risk assessment and management, and disaster management simulation.

Disaster Risk Science

Disaster Risk Science Book
Author : Peijun Shi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 9811366896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first English language book to systematically introduce basic theories, methods and applications of disaster risk science from the angle of different subjects including disaster science, emergency technology and risk management. Viewed from basic theories, disaster risk science consists of disaster system, formation mechanism and process, covering 3 chapters in this book. From the perspective of technical methods, disaster risk science includes measurement and assessment of disasters, mapping and zoning of disaster risk, covering 4 chapters in this book. From the angle of application practices, disaster risk science contains disaster management, emergency response and integrated disaster risk paradigm, covering 3 chapters in the book. The book can be a good reference for researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of disaster risk science and natural disaster risk management for more actively participating in and supporting the development of "disaster risk science".

Safety and Resilience of Higher Educational Institutions

Safety and Resilience of Higher Educational Institutions Book
Author : Takako Izumi,Indrajit Pal,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-07-12
ISBN : 9789811911927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world has spent the majority of 2020 enduring an unpreceded crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of this crisis has been enormous, and the situation has yet to be resolved. It is still difficult to anticipate when the pandemic will end and how our lives will have changed after the crisis. Higher educational institutions (HEIs) have also had to undergo tremendous transformation, in particular, changing a conventional educational, teaching, and learning system to a digital and online mode and cancelling or postponing important events such as graduation and entrance ceremonies and entrance examinations. In addition, a number of HEIs have been facing financial constraints due to reduced enrolment, particularly from overseas. Students have missed opportunities to meet their family and friends, causing profound psychosocial impact and stress for all concerned. Simultaneously, however, the situation has given HEIs a good opportunity to consider their disaster preparedness, response, and recovery capacity on campus. Some surveys have highlighted a lack of preparedness for pandemic and other hazardous risks beyond natural hazards. Safety issues are a top priority at HEIs because they bring together a number of students, faculty, and staff. This book covers the experiences and lessons learned from HEIs in preparedness, response, and recovery during the COVID-19 pandemic to prepare for such calamities beyond natural disasters in the future. The book consists of 15 chapters divided into three major sections. They highlight the importance of HEIs’ governance issues in disaster risk management, examine the challenges that HEIs have faced during the pandemic and the implementation of new teaching and learning methodologies, and provide innovative responses and preparedness by HEIs based on science and technology, respectively.

Disaster Resilience and Sustainability

Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Book
Author : Sangam Shrestha,Riyanti Djalante,Rajib Shaw,Indrajit Pal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-24
ISBN : 0323851967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disasters undermine societal well-being, causing loss of lives and damage to social and economic infrastructures. Disaster resilience is central to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, especially in regions where extreme inequality combines with the increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters. Disaster risk reduction and resilience requires participation of wide array of stakeholders ranging from academicians to policy makers to disaster managers. Disaster Resilient Cities: Adaptation for Sustainable Development offers evidence-based, problem-solving techniques from social, natural, engineering and other disciplinary perspectives. It connects data, research, conceptual work with practical cases on disaster risk management, capturing the multi-sectoral aspects of disaster resilience, adaptation strategy and sustainability. The book links disaster risk management with sustainable development under a common umbrella, showing that effective disaster resilience strategies and practices lead to achieving broader sustainable development goals. Provides foundational knowledge on integrated disaster risk reduction and management to show how resilience and its associated concept such as adaptive and transformative strategies can foster sustainable development Brings together disaster risk reduction and resilience scientists, policy-makers and practitioners from different disciplines Case studies on disaster risk management from natural science, social science, engineering and other relevant disciplinary perspectives

Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Pacific

Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Pacific Book
Author : Helen James,Rajib Shaw,Vinod Sharma,Anna Lukasiewicz
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
Release : 2022-05-22
ISBN : 9789811648106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together interdisciplinary perspectives from across the Asia Pacific region, covering four main sections: 1) Governance, 2) Education and Capacity, 3) Science, Technology, Risk Assessment and Communities, and 4) Recovery. The chapters address different dimensions of Sendai Framework of Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), which are linked to Sustainable Development Goals, as well as Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia Pacific

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia Pacific Book
Author : Caroline Brassard,David W. Giles,Arnold M. Howitt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-18
ISBN : 4431551573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most vulnerable to a variety of natural and manmade hazards. This edited book productively brings together scholars and senior public officials having direct experience in dealing with or researching on recent major natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific. The chapters focus on disaster preparedness and management, including pre-event planning and mitigation, crisis leadership and emergency response, and disaster recovery. Specific events discussed in this book include a broad spectrum of disasters such as tropical storms and typhoons in the Philippines; earthquakes in China; tsunamis in Indonesia, Japan, and Maldives; and bushfires in Australia. The book aims to generate discussions about improved risk reduction strategies throughout the region. It seeks to provide a comparative perspective across countries to draw lessons from three perspectives: public policy, humanitarian systems, and community engagement.

Safety and Resilience of Higher Educational Institutions

Safety and Resilience of Higher Educational Institutions Book
Author : Takako Izumi,Indrajit Pal,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-07-23
ISBN : 9811911932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world has spent the majority of 2020 enduring an unpreceded crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of this crisis has been enormous, and the situation has yet to be resolved. It is still difficult to anticipate when the pandemic will end and how our lives will have changed after the crisis. Higher educational institutions (HEIs) have also had to undergo tremendous transformation, in particular, changing a conventional educational, teaching, and learning system to a digital and online mode and cancelling or postponing important events such as graduation and entrance ceremonies and entrance examinations. In addition, a number of HEIs have been facing financial constraints due to reduced enrolment, particularly from overseas. Students have missed opportunities to meet their family and friends, causing profound psychosocial impact and stress for all concerned. Simultaneously, however, the situation has given HEIs a good opportunity to consider their disaster preparedness, response, and recovery capacity on campus. Some surveys have highlighted a lack of preparedness for pandemic and other hazardous risks beyond natural hazards. Safety issues are a top priority at HEIs because they bring together a number of students, faculty, and staff. This book covers the experiences and lessons learned from HEIs in preparedness, response, and recovery during the COVID-19 pandemic to prepare for such calamities beyond natural disasters in the future. The book consists of 15 chapters divided into three major sections. They highlight the importance of HEIs’ governance issues in disaster risk management, examine the challenges that HEIs have faced during the pandemic and the implementation of new teaching and learning methodologies, and provide innovative responses and preparedness by HEIs based on science and technology, respectively.

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Suvendrini Kakuchi,Miki Yamaji
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-16
ISBN : 9811602859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes recent advances, trends, challenges and potentials of the role of media in disaster risk reduction. Collaboration, co-design and co-delivery with other stakeholders in science technology, private sectors, and civil society are found to be effective in reaching people and communities. The media is considered to be of utmost importance in all phases of disasters, before, during and after, with different types of media having different proactive roles to play in disaster risk reduction. Before disasters, they play essential roles not only in bringing early warning to people but also in enhancing their perception of the need to take action. At during- and post-disaster response recovery phases, community radio and social media are the key. These necessitate a resilient media infrastructure as the core of uninterrupted coverage. Media literacy has become an important issue for several stakeholders, including governments. In addition, more focus is placed on media governance to look at the priorities of disaster risk reduction initiatives within the media. All of these are considered to lead to trust in the media, which further improves people’s disaster response actions based on information from the media, before and during disasters. Covering different aspects of media, this book is a valuable source for students, researchers, academics, policy-makers and development practitioners.