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Science And Technology In Disaster Risk Reduction In Asia

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Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 0128127120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction

Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Yuko Murayama,Dimiter Velev,Plamena Zlateva,Jose J. Gonzalez
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-28
ISBN : 3319684868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First IFIP TC 5 DCDRR International Conference on Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction, ITDRR 2016, held in Sofia, Bulgaria, in November 2016. The 20 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The papers focus on various aspects and challenges of coping with disaster risk reduction. The main topics include areas such as big data, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, natural disasters, mobile computing, emergency management, disaster information processing, disaster risk assessment and management, and disaster management simulation.

Proceedings of the 3rd Global Summit of Research Institutes for Disaster Risk Reduction

Proceedings of the 3rd Global Summit of Research Institutes for Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Hirokazu Tatano,Andrew Collins
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-11
ISBN : 9811586624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected papers from the 3rd Global Summit of Research Institutes for Disaster Risk Reduction – Expanding the Platform for Bridging Science and Policy Making, which was held at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University, Uji Campus from 19 to 21 March 2017. It was organised by the Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes (GADRI), which was established soon after the second Global Summit and the UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in March 2015, and is intended to support the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. The conference not only provided a platform for discussion and exchange of information on key current and future research projects on disaster risk reduction and management, but also promoted active dialogues through group discussion sessions that addressed various disaster research disciplines. In this book, authors from various disciplines working at governmental and international organisations provide guidance to the science and technical community, discuss the current challenges, and evaluate the research needs and gaps in the context of climate change, sustainable development goals and other interlinked global disaster situations. Expert opinions from practitioners and researchers provide valuable insights into how to connect and engage in collaborative research with the international science and technical communities and other stakeholders to achieve the goals set out in the agenda of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. In addition, case studies and other evidence-based research papers highlight ongoing research projects and reflect the challenges encountered in information sharing by various stakeholders in the context of disaster risk reduction and management. Chapter “Science and technology commitment to the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Emerging Technologies for Disaster Resilience

Emerging Technologies for Disaster Resilience Book
Author : Mihoko Sakurai,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 981160360X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technological advances have helped to enhance disaster resilience through better risk reduction, response, mitigation, rehabilitation and reconstruction. In former times, it was local and traditional knowledge that was mainly relied upon for disaster risk reduction. Much of this local knowledge is still valid in today’s world, even though possibly in different forms and contexts, and local knowledge remains a shared part of life within the communities. In contrast, with the advent of science and technology, scientists and engineers have become owners of advanced technologies, which have contributed significantly to reducing disaster risks across the globe. This book analyses emerging technologies and their effects in enhancing disaster resilience. It also evaluates the gaps, challenges, capacities required and the way forward for future disaster management. A wide variety of technologies are addressed, focusing specifically on new technologies such as cyber physical systems, geotechnology, drone, and virtual reality (VR)/ augmented reality (AR). Other sets of emerging advanced technologies including an early warning system and a decision support system are also reported on. Moreover, the book provides a variety of discussions regarding information management, communication, and community resilience at the time of a disaster. This book’s coverage of different aspects of new technologies makes it a valuable resource for students, researchers, academics, policymakers, and development practitioners.

Ecosystem Based Disaster and Climate Resilience

Ecosystem Based Disaster and Climate Resilience Book
Author : Mahua Mukherjee,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-05
ISBN : 9811648158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the critical role of ecosystem-based disaster risk resilience (Eco-DRR) for building community resilience to multiple environmental risks such as rising heat, water stress, and pollution. Blue-green infrastructure (BGI) is an Eco-DRR tool that is an under-explored paradigm and can respond as one common strategy to targets set by the Sustainable Development Goals (UNDP), Climate Agreements (UNEP), the Sendai Framework (UNISDR), and the New Urban Agenda (UNCHS). Highlighted here in a systematic way is the importance of blue-green infrastructures in resilience building. The purpose is to introduce readers to the challenging context of development and opportunity creation for Eco-DRR. The roles of policy, scientific research, and implementation are presented cohesively. An attractive proposition of the book is a collection of case studies from different parts of the world where integration of BGI is experimented with at various levels of success. It envisages that shared tacit experiences from the realm of practice will further strengthen explicit knowledge. The focus in this book is on need and context building, policy and science (investigation, analysis, and design), case studies, and a road map for the future in four successive parts. Each part is self-sufficient yet linked to its predecessor, successor, or both, as the case may be.

Building Bottom Up Health and Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes

Building Bottom Up Health and Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes Book
Author : Emily Ying Yang Chan
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-12
ISBN : 0198807171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introductory to intermediate level textbook and reference book for healthcare professionals, fieldworkers, volunteers and students who are interested in promoting health and emergency and disaster risk reduction in Asia.

Natural Hazards Management in Asia

Natural Hazards Management in Asia Book
Author : Indrajit Pal,Tuhin Ghosh
Publisher : SAGE Publishing India
Release : 2017-10-30
ISBN : 9386602202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural disasters are more common now than they have been ever before. Globally, climates are changing and natural hazards are becoming routine. This book is a study of natural hazards and how they turn into disasters—with a focus on Asian countries. It takes a holistic view of the subject and discusses different concepts of disaster management to understand both theory as well as practice. The book also explains best practices and the most effective tools for alleviating the consequences of such disasters. This study provides insight into the impact of natural disasters on human life, infrastructure, and economy and analyzes mitigation strategies with reference to numerous case studies. It also outlines the policies and laws that govern disaster management in India and abroad.

Climate Change Adaptation in Southeast Asia

Climate Change Adaptation in Southeast Asia Book
Author : Joy Jacqueline Pereira,Mohd Khairul Zain,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-19
ISBN : 9811660883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the current issues, challenges, and priorities for climate change adaptation in the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The status of each country was prepared by a consortium of researchers in consultation with National Focal Points of the ASEAN Working Group on Climate Change (AWGCC). National documents on adaptation actions, including local scenario and priorities, were reviewed where available and supplemented with an assessment of scientific publications to identify vulnerable ecosystems and regions. Adaptation needs and priorities were determined through stakeholder consultation in the respective countries. This allows for local-level perspectives to be captured and brought to the attention of policy and decision-makers at the national and regional levels. An important lesson from this exercise is that universities and research institutions at the national level have a critical role to play in bridging the gap between science and policy in climate change adaptation. These institutions also have the capacity to continuously facilitate transfer of the best available science for advancing climate change adaptation at the local level.

Drought Risk Management in South and South East Asia

Drought Risk Management in South and South East Asia Book
Author : Indrajit Pal,Mihir Bhatt
Publisher : SAGE Publishing India
Release : 2020-06-08
ISBN : 935388389X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The geo-climatic conditions of South and South-East Asian countries are diverse and vulnerable to multiple natural hazards such as drought. Drought evolves over months or even years, affects a large spatial extent and causes enormous damages. Drought Risk Management in South and South-East Asia is a comprehensive reference on overall perspectives and scenarios on drought risk mitigation and management, based on researches and case studies from South and South-East Asian countries. Drought management is a complex area of work that requires active and continuous participation of the national, provincial and local governments, multiple ministries, and divisions. This book demonstrates the best practices of socio-economic and technological interventions to enhance drought risk management, which will help to develop plans and policies, and their implementation to reduce the impact of droughts. It also offers views of field practitioners on impacts of the interventions practised at the national, sub-national and local levels.

Towards resilient non engineered construction

Towards resilient non engineered construction Book
Author : UNESCO
Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
Release : 2016-12-08
ISBN : 9231001744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Towards resilient non engineered construction book written by UNESCO, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multi Hazard Early Warning and Disaster Risks

Multi Hazard Early Warning and Disaster Risks Book
Author : Dilanthi Amaratunga,Richard Haigh,Nuwan Dias
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-11
ISBN : 3030730034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a collection of papers under the theme of multi-hazard early warning and disaster risks. These were selected from the presentations made at the International Symposium on Tsunami and Multi-Hazard Risks, Early Warning and Community Awareness in supporting implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. This conference aimed to recognize achievements and to highlight work that still needs to be carried out. The conference promoted collaboration among academia, research institutions and disaster management offices, and further encouraged multidisciplinary and multi-sectoral interaction This International Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning and Disaster Risk Reduction provided an important opportunity to reflect upon our progress to date in tackling disaster risk, but also to consider some of the challenges and opportunities that lay ahead of us. A particular focus of this event wasMulti-Hazard Early Warning. During the negotiations for the Sendai Framework, countries and partners highlighted the need to: 1. Continue to invest in, develop, maintain and strengthen people-centred, end-to-end early warning systems; 2. Promote the application of simple and low cost early warning equipment and facilities; 3. Broaden the dissemination channels for early warning information to facilitate early action. Countries also called for the further development of and investment in effective, nationally compatible, regional multi-hazard early warning mechanisms. To address these needs, global Target (g) of the Sendai Framework was adopted, namely to “substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030”. As illustrated by recent events in Indonesia, it is also vital to address the challenge of cascading hazards that pose a tsunami risk, and the importance of linking tsunami early warning to a multi-hazard environment. However, moving towards a multi-hazard environment is complex and poses many challenges but can bring significant benefits in terms of efficiencies and also in recognising the links between hazards, such as cascading threats. We very much hope that this book will provide an important platform to address these and other challenges in addressing disaster risk, as well as supporting implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

Harnessing Science Technology and Innovation for Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific

Harnessing Science  Technology and Innovation for Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific Book
Author : United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2016-07-01
ISBN : 9210580532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Study calls for governments to put in place action-orientated science, technology and innovation (STI) programmes aligned to development strategies to meet the ambitions of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It proposes a conceptual framework for STI that is bound by the principles of openness, inclusivity and collaboration, and moves the focus beyond the economic to integrate the social and environmental pillars of sustainable development. The Study concludes by recommending areas for action by Member States to create an enabling environment for STI, fully integrating the three pillars in to STI policy, and to facilitate regional STI collaboration.

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia Pacific

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia Pacific Book
Author : Caroline Brassard,David W. Giles,Arnold M. Howitt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 9784431561996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most vulnerable to a variety of natural and manmade hazards. This edited book productively brings together scholars and senior public officials having direct experience in dealing with or researching on recent major natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific. The chapters focus on disaster preparedness and management, including pre-event planning and mitigation, crisis leadership and emergency response, and disaster recovery. Specific events discussed in this book include a broad spectrum of disasters such as tropical storms and typhoons in the Philippines; earthquakes in China; tsunamis in Indonesia, Japan, and Maldives; and bushfires in Australia. The book aims to generate discussions about improved risk reduction strategies throughout the region. It seeks to provide a comparative perspective across countries to draw lessons from three perspectives: public policy, humanitarian systems, and community engagement.

Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk

Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk Book
Author : José Manuel Mendes,Gretchen Kalonji,Rohit Jigyasu,Alice Chang-Richards
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-11
ISBN : 0128187514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk presents the second principle from the UNISDR Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030. The framework includes discussion of risk and resilience from both a theoretical and governance perspective in light of the ideas that are shaping our common future and presents innovative tools and best practices in reducing risk and building resilience. Combining the applications of social, financial, technological, design, engineering and nature-based approaches, the volume addresses rising global priorities and focuses on strengthening the global understanding of risk governance practices, initiatives and trends. Focusing on disaster risk governance at the national, regional, and global levels, it presents both historic and contemporary issues, asking researchers and governments how they can use technological advances, risk and resilience metrics and modeling, business continuity practices, and past experiences to understand the disaster recovery process and manage risk. Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Addresses lessons learned and future paths in disaster risk governance models Integrates public and private interests in risk governance Presents methodologies dealing with risk uncertainty, ambiguity and complexity

Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches in Pakistan

Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches in Pakistan Book
Author : Atta-Ur- Rahman,Amir Nawaz Khan,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-20
ISBN : 443155369X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a pioneering regional work and provides a balanced approach of theory and practice in disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Pakistan. The book analytically discusses the status of DRR and draws examples and lessons from national and community-level programs and projects and events in the country. The book covers different types of disasters facing Pakistan, including geo-physical and hydro-meteorological hazards. This work incorporates and draws some of the key lessons learned from the pre-disaster and disaster phases to the post-disaster phase, providing an effective framework in the form of those lessons. The rich content is based on a selection of available documents, a consultative workshop with academicians from different universities undertaking DRR higher education programs, and the editors’ own knowledge and experience in the field. Special emphasis is given to analyzing field experiences from academic perspectives, and pinpointing key issues and the policy relevance of DRR. Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches in Pakistan is organized into three sections with a total of 20 chapters. Section one provides the outline and basics of DRR strategies applied at the national level with supporting examples from a global review. Section two specifically highlights the wide ranges of hazards experienced in Pakistan and presents examples, policy options, institutional set-ups, risk reduction strategies, and key lessons learned. The third section of the book is given to approaches and issues of DRR practices with examples of disaster responses.

Geosciences and the Sustainable Development Goals

Geosciences and the Sustainable Development Goals Book
Author : Joel C. Gill,Martin Smith
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020
ISBN : 3030388158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meeting the targets of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires contributions by scientists focusing on understanding, monitoring, protecting, managing and restoring the natural environment, including geoscientists. This book presents the first detailed discussion on the role of the geological sciences (geosciences) community in the implementation of the SDGs. Unlike traditional geosciences textbooks, it is structured according to development priorities, framed in the context of the 17 SDGs. Written by international experts from diverse range of geosciences / development disciplines, it explores themes linked to both science and the professional practice of science (e.g., ethics, equity, conduct, and partnerships). The book is intended for graduate and senior undergraduate students in the earth sciences, as well as practicing geologists and experts from other sectors involved in sustainability initiatives.

Disaster Recovery

Disaster Recovery Book
Author : Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-08
ISBN : 9784431542544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explains key lessons learned from diverse disaster situations and analyzes them within the framework of governance, education, and technology, providing a framework for disaster recovery as a development opportunity. In post-disaster situations, different types of resources are put into the affected region, varying according to technical, financial, intellectual, and community resources. If properly implemented, disaster recovery can change the context of risk-reduction approaches; if not, it can create additional hazards. In some countries, the post-disaster recovery process has even changed the socio-economic and political context of the affected region and country. The book has 21 chapters and is divided into four parts: governance and institutional issues (five chapters), education and learning issues (four chapters), technology and innovation issues (five chapters), and cross-cutting issues (five chapters). The final chapter provides an analysis of the key topics. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of environment, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The book provides them with a good idea of the current research trends in the field and furnishes basic knowledge about these vital topics. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the knowledge collected here to policy and decision making.

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Suvendrini Kakuchi,Miki Yamaji
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-16
ISBN : 9811602859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes recent advances, trends, challenges and potentials of the role of media in disaster risk reduction. Collaboration, co-design and co-delivery with other stakeholders in science technology, private sectors, and civil society are found to be effective in reaching people and communities. The media is considered to be of utmost importance in all phases of disasters, before, during and after, with different types of media having different proactive roles to play in disaster risk reduction. Before disasters, they play essential roles not only in bringing early warning to people but also in enhancing their perception of the need to take action. At during- and post-disaster response recovery phases, community radio and social media are the key. These necessitate a resilient media infrastructure as the core of uninterrupted coverage. Media literacy has become an important issue for several stakeholders, including governments. In addition, more focus is placed on media governance to look at the priorities of disaster risk reduction initiatives within the media. All of these are considered to lead to trust in the media, which further improves people’s disaster response actions based on information from the media, before and during disasters. Covering different aspects of media, this book is a valuable source for students, researchers, academics, policy-makers and development practitioners.

The Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2015

The Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2015 Book
Author : United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2016-02-29
ISBN : 921057608X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world's most disaster-prone region has witnessed natural disasters that affected development. Building resilience to natural disasters is crucial. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) must be integrated into national development planning. This report assesses the state of resilience in the region, and disaster-related goals and targets of the Sustainable Development Goals and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. It highlights drought and reviews information management that would equip many countries in providing the right information to the right people at the right time, paying attention to the need to integrate DRR into development planning and government. The goal is to build resilience towards achieving sustainable development.

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction Management

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction   Management Book
Author : Christian N Madu,Chu-Hua Kuei
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2017-07-25
ISBN : 9813207965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is increasingly of great concern to the world community. The earth has witnessed the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere, changes in biodiversity, and more occurrences of natural disasters. Recently, scientists have begun to shift their emphasis away from curbing carbon dioxide emission to adapting to carbon dioxide emission. The increase in natural disasters around the world is unprecedented in earth's history and these disasters are often associated to climate changes. Many nations along the coastal lines are threatened by massive floods and tsunamis. Earthquakes are increasing in intensity and erosion and droughts are problems in many parts of the developing countries. This book is therefore to investigate ways to prepare and effectively manage these disasters and possibly reduce their impacts. The focus is on mitigation strategies and policies that will help to reduce the impacts of natural disasters. The book takes an in-depth look at climate change and its association to socio-economic development and cultures especially in vulnerable communities; and investigates how communities can develop resilience to disasters. A balanced and a multiple perspective approach to manage the risks associated with natural disasters is offered by engaging authors from the entire globe to proffer solutions.