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Science And Engineering Of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

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Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : S-Y Fu,B Lauke,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-07-06
ISBN : 1845696492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When fibres in a composite are discontinuous and are shorter than a few millimetres, the composite is called a ‘short fibre reinforced composite (SFRP)’. SFRPs have found extensive applications in automobiles, business machines, durable consumer items, sporting goods and electrical industries owing to their low cost, easy processing and superior mechanical properties over the parent polymers. The book summarises recent developments in this area, focusing on the fundamental mechanisms that govern the mechanical properties including strength, modulus, fracture toughness and thermal properties of SFRP materials. This book covers the following topics: extrusion compounding and injection moulding, major factors affecting mechanical performance, stress transfer, strength, elastic modulus flexural modulus, thermal conductivity and expansion, non-linear stress-strain behaviour and fracture mechanics of short fibre reinforced polymers. With its distinguished team of authors, Science and engineering of short fibre reinforced polymer composites is a standard reference for anyone involved in the development, manufacture and use of SFRPs. It will also provide an in-depth understanding of the behaviour of these versatile materials. Reviews the mechanical properties and functions of short fibre reinforced polymer composites (SFRP) Examines recent developments in the fundamental mechanisms of SFRP's Assesses major factors affecting mechanical performance such as stress transfer and strength

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Shao-yun Fu,Bernd Lauke,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-08-24
ISBN : 0081026242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites, Second Edition, provides the latest information on the ‘short fiber reinforced composites' (SFRP) that have found extensive applications in automobiles, business machines, durable consumer items, sporting goods and electrical industries due to their low cost, easy processing and superior mechanical properties over parent polymers. This updated edition presents new developments in this field of research and includes new chapters on electrical conductivity, structural monitoring, functional properties, self-healing, finite element method techniques, multi-scale SFRCs, and both modern computational and process engineering methods. Reviews the mechanical properties and functions of short fiber reinforced polymer composites (SFRP) Examines recent developments in the fundamental mechanisms of SFRP's Assesses major factors affecting mechanical performance, such as stress transfer and strength Includes new chapters on electrical conductivity, structural monitoring, functional properties, self-healing, finite element method techniques, multi-scale SFRCs, modern computational methods, and process engineering methods

On the anisotropic plastic behaviour of short fibre reinforced thermoplastics and its description by phenomenological material modelling

On the anisotropic plastic behaviour of short fibre reinforced thermoplastics and its description by phenomenological material modelling Book
Author : Felix Dillenberger
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-21
ISBN : 3658281995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A requirement for the safe design of thermoplastic parts is the ability to precisely predict mechanical behaviour by finite element simulations. Typical examples include the engineering of relevant components in automotive applications. For this purpose adequate material models are essential. In this context, the present work introduces a material modelling approach for short fibre reinforced thermoplastics (SFRTPs). SFRTP parts are processed cost-effectively by injection moulding and show a varying degree of anisotropy due to the locally inhomogeneous fibre distributions that arise during the moulding process. The presented material model considers linear-elastic behaviour and non-linear orthotropic stress-state dependent viscoplastic deformation for arbitrary fibre distributions. The constitutive equations are verified with the experiments of a PPGF30 material regarding different stress-states and orientations.

Marine Applications of Advanced Fibre reinforced Composites

Marine Applications of Advanced Fibre reinforced Composites Book
Author : Jasper Graham-Jones,John Summerscales
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-09-28
ISBN : 0081002009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The marine environment presents significant challenges for materials due to the potential for corrosion by salt water, extreme pressures when deeply submerged and high stresses arising from variable weather. Well-designed fibre-reinforced composites can perform effectively in the marine environment and are lightweight alternatives to metal components and more durable than wood. Marine Applications of Advanced Fibre-Reinforced Composites examines the technology, application and environmental considerations in choosing a fibre-reinforced composite system for use in marine structures. This book is divided into two parts. The chapters in Part One explore the manufacture, mechanical behavior and structural performance of marine composites, and also look at the testing of these composites and end of life environmental considerations. The chapters in Part Two then investigate the applications of marine composites, specifically for renewable energy devices, offshore oil and gas applications, rigging and sails. Underwater repair of marine composites is also reviewed. Comprehensively examines all aspects of fibre-reinforced marine composites, including the latest advances in design, manufacturing methods and performance Assesses the environmental impacts of using fibre-reinforced composites in marine environments, including end of life considerations Reviews advanced fibre-reinforced composites for renewable energy devices, rigging, sail textiles, sail shape optimisation and offshore oil and gas applications

Advanced Textile Engineering Materials

Advanced Textile Engineering Materials Book
Author : Shahid Ul-Islam,B. S. Butola
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-15
ISBN : 1119488079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Textile Engineering Materials is written to educate readers about the use of advanced materials in various textile applications. In the first part, the book addresses recent advances in chemical finishing, and also highlights environmental issues in textile sectors. In the second part, the book provides a compilation of innovative fabrication strategies frequently adopted for the mechanical finishing of textiles. The key topics are • Smart textiles • Functional modifications • Protective textiles • Conductive textiles • Coated/laminated textiles • Antimicrobial textiles • Environmental aspects in textiles • Textile materials in composites • 3-D woven preforms for composite reinforcement • Evolution of soft body armor

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry Book
Author : Phil E,Costas Soutis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-17
ISBN : 0857099183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer composites are increasingly used in aerospace applications due to properties such as strength and durability compared to weight. Edited by two leading authorities in the field, this book summarises key recent research on design, manufacture and performance of composite components for aerospace structures. Part one reviews the design and manufacture of different types of composite component. Part two discusses aspects of performance such as stiffness, strength, fatigue, impact and blast behaviour, response to temperature and humidity as well as non-destructive testing and monitoring techniques.

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites for structural applications

Advanced fibre reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for structural applications Book
Author : T.H. Panzera,A.L. Christoforo,P.H. Ribeiro Borges
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-09-30
ISBN : 0128088451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Portland cement concrete is a brittle material. The main reason for incorporating fibres into a cement matrix is to improve the cracking deformation characteristics, increasing not only the toughness, impact and tensile strength, but also eliminating temperature and shrinkage cracks. Several different types of fibres have been used to reinforce cement-based materials. This chapter briefly discusses the characteristics of fibre-reinforced concrete (FRC), reporting the effect of the fibres on the physico-chemical and mechanical properties. It also presents some of the recent research and future perspectives of FRC.

Short Fibre Polymer Composites

Short Fibre Polymer Composites Book
Author : S K De,J R White
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 1996-07-03
ISBN : 9781855732209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a detailed insight into short fibers of different types (metallic and organic) in a polymer matrix, as well as reporting on the design considerations and applications of such composites. It relates unparalleled research into a diverse range of composites.

Handbook of Advances in Braided Composite Materials

Handbook of Advances in Braided Composite Materials Book
Author : Jason P. Carey
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-24
ISBN : 0081003773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Advances in Braided Composite Materials: Theory, Production, Testing and Applications focuses on the fundamentals of these materials and their associated technology. It provides a one-stop resource that outlines all the significant issues about structural braiding, providing readers with the means by which to produce, test, and design braided composite material structures. It documents the latest research findings into these advanced materials and provides new ideas to encourage greater use of the technology. Introduces new modeling and testing procedures Presents up-to-date technology developments and recent research findings Provides both an Android and IPhone App to support design criteria

Multi Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Multi Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Wim Van Paepegem
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 0128189851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-scale modelling of composites is a very relevant topic in composites science. This is illustrated by the numerous sessions in the recent European and International Conferences on Composite Materials, but also by the fast developments in multi-scale modelling software tools, developed by large industrial players such as Siemens (Virtual Material Characterization toolkit and MultiMechanics virtual testing software), MSC/e-Xstream (Digimat software), Simulia (micromechanics plug-in in Abaqus), HyperSizer (Multi-scale design of composites), Altair (Altair Multiscale Designer) This book is intended to be an ideal reference on the latest advances in multi-scale modelling of fibre-reinforced polymer composites, that is accessible for both (young) researchers and end users of modelling software. We target three main groups: This book aims at a complete introduction and overview of the state-of-the-art in multi-scale modelling of composites in three axes: • ranging from prediction of homogenized elastic properties to nonlinear material behaviour • ranging from geometrical models for random packing of unidirectional fibres over meso-scale geometries for textile composites to orientation tensors for short fibre composites • ranging from damage modelling of unidirectionally reinforced composites over textile composites to short fibre-reinforced composites The book covers the three most important scales in multi-scale modelling of composites: (i) micro-scale, (ii) meso-scale and (iii) macro-scale. The nano-scale and related atomistic and molecular modelling approaches are deliberately excluded, since the book wants to focus on continuum mechanics and there are already a lot of dedicated books about polymer nanocomposites. A strong focus is put on physics-based damage modelling, in the sense that the chapters devote attention to modelling the different damage mechanisms (matrix cracking, fibre/matrix debonding, delamination, fibre fracture,...) in such a way that the underlying physics of the initiation and growth of these damage modes is respected. The book also gives room to not only discuss the finite element based approaches for multi-scale modelling, but also much faster methods that are popular in industrial software, such as Mean Field Homogenization methods (based on Mori-Tanaka and Eshelby solutions) and variational methods (shear lag theory and more advanced theories). Since the book targets a wide audience, the focus is put on the most common numerical approaches that are used in multi-scale modelling. Very specialized numerical methods like peridynamics modelling, Material Point Method, eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM), isogeometric analysis, SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics),... are excluded. Outline of the book The book is divided in three large parts, well balanced with each a similar number of chapters:

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials Book
Author : Qinghua Qin,Jianqiao Ye
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-26
ISBN : 1782422919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials aims to provide a comprehensive and technically detailed coverage of composites and their toughening mechanisms. Unique in its direct and comprehensive approach, the book presents fundamental knowledge on composites’ toughening mechanisms as well as a comprehensive treatment of numerical methods. This volume summarizes the current state-of-the-art and presents the most recent research outcomes in the field. It details the development of each of the techniques, beginning with basic principles, and new concepts are illustrated with examples wherever possible. Covers particle-reinforced composites, fibre-reinforced composites and other toughening mechanisms Analyses toughening mechanisms in a broad range of composite materials Developments in nanotube toughened composites and toughened graphene ceramic composites are examined

Dynamic Deformation Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures

Dynamic Deformation  Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures Book
Author : Vadim V. Silberschmidt
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-23
ISBN : 0081000839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composite materials, with their higher exposure to dynamic loads, have increasingly been used in aerospace, naval, automotive, sports and other sectors over the last few decades. Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures reviews various aspects of dynamic deformation, damage and fracture, mostly in composite laminates and sandwich structures, in a broad range of application fields including aerospace, automotive, defense and sports engineering. As the mechanical behavior and performance of composites varies under different dynamic loading regimes and velocities, the book is divided into sections that examine the different loading regimes and velocities. Part one examine low-velocity loading and part two looks at high-velocity loading. Part three then assesses shock and blast (i.e. contactless) events and the final part focuses on impact (contact) events. As sports applications of composites are linked to a specific subset of dynamic loading regimes, these applications are reviewed in the final part. Examines dynamic deformation and fracture of composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical aspects Addresses important application areas such as aerospace, automotive, wind energy and defence, with a special section on sport applications

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials Book
Author : Pedro P. Camanho,Stephen R. Hallett
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-08-07
ISBN : 0081003420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials comprehensively examines the most recent analysis techniques for advanced composite materials. Advanced composite materials are becoming increasingly important for lightweight design in aerospace, wind energy, and mechanical and civil engineering. Essential for exploiting their potential is the ability to reliably predict their mechanical behaviour, particularly the onset and propagation of failure. Part One investigates numerical modeling approaches to interlaminar failure in advanced composite materials. Part Two considers numerical modelling approaches to intralaminar failure. Part Three presents new and emerging advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure. Part Four closes by examining the various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modeling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials, such as prediction of impact damage, failure in textile composites, and fracture behavior in through-thickness reinforced laminates. Examines the most recent analysis models for advanced composite materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner Investigates numerical modelling approaches to interlaminar failure and intralaminar failure in advanced composite materials Reviews advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure Examines various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modelling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials

Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport

Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport Book
Author : James Njuguna
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 1782423435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport: Design, Manufacturing, Analysis and Performance provides a detailed review of lightweight composite materials and structures and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically surface and air transport. The book covers materials selection, the properties and performance of materials, and structures, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes is reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials. Chapters in the first two parts of the book consider the lightweight philosophy and current developments in manufacturing techniques for lightweight composite structures in the transport industry, with subsequent chapters in parts three to five discussing structural optimization and analysis, properties, and performance of lightweight composite structures, durability, damage tolerance and structural integrity. Final chapters present case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures. Comprehensively covers materials selection, design solutions, manufacturing techniques, structural analysis, and performance of lightweight composite structures in the transport industry Includes commentary from leading industrial and academic experts in the field who present cutting-edge research on advanced lightweight materials for the transport industry Includes case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures

Biocomposites Design and Mechanical Performance

Biocomposites  Design and Mechanical Performance Book
Author : Manjusri Misra,Jitendra Kumar Pandey,Amar Mohanty
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-08-07
ISBN : 178242394X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocomposites: Design and Mechanical Performance describes recent research on cost-effective ways to improve the mechanical toughness and durability of biocomposites, while also reducing their weight. Beginning with an introduction to commercially competitive natural fiber-based composites, chapters then move on to explore the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, polyurethane, starch, flax, poly (propylene carbonate)-based biocomposites, and biocomposites from biodegradable polymer blends, natural fibers, and green plastics, giving the reader a deep understanding of the potential of these materials. Describes recent research to improve the mechanical properties and performance of a wide range of biocomposite materials Explores the mechanical properties of a wide range of biocomposite materials, including polylactic, polyethylene, polycarbonate, oil palm, natural fiber epoxy, polyhydroxyalkanoate, polyvinyl acetate, and polyurethane Evaluates the potential of biocomposites as substitutes for petroleum-based plastics in industries such as packaging, electronic, automotive, aerospace and construction Includes contributions from leading experts in this field

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites Book
Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-09-02
ISBN : 0128203420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites reviews recent scientific findings on the production and use of sustainable polymers and composites as innovative new materials. The book discusses the importance of sustainable polymers in terms of current practices and how to address environmental and economic issues. Attention is focused on the physical, chemical and electrical properties of these composites. The book also looks at the lifecycle of both single and hybrid polymers and nanocomposites, with chapters covering the latest research findings on sustainable polymer composites with various filler loadings and their improvement on compatibility. From the viewpoint of polymer composites, this book covers not only well-known sustainable future trends in sustainable polymers and composites, but also advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers that achieve better physical and mechanical results. Features advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers Emphasizes the modeling and prediction of thermal, rheological and mechanical behavior Covers various types of fillers and different reinforcement agents Focuses on all aspects of fabrication, characterization and applications Addresses sustainability approaches and solutions

Progress in Rubber Nanocomposites

Progress in Rubber Nanocomposites Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Hanna J Maria
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-10-27
ISBN : 0081004281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress in Rubber Nanocomposites provides an up-to-date review on the latest advances and developments in the field of rubber nanocomposites. It is intended to serve as a one-stop reference resource to showcase important research accomplishments in the area of rubber nanocomposites, with particular emphasis on the use of nanofillers. Chapters discuss major progress in the field and provide scope for further developments that will have an impact in the industrial research area. Global leaders and researchers from industry, academia, government, and private research institutions contribute valuable information. A one-stop reference relating to the processing and characterization of rubber nanocomposites Presents the morphological, thermal, and mechanical properties that are discussed in detail Contains key highlights in the form of dedicated chapters on interphase characterization, applications, and computer simulation

Structural Health Monitoring SHM in Aerospace Structures

Structural Health Monitoring  SHM  in Aerospace Structures Book
Author : Fuh-Gwo Yuan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-01
ISBN : 0081001584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) in Aerospace Structures provides readers with the spectacular progress that has taken place over the last twenty years with respect to the area of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). The widespread adoption of SHM could both significantly improve safety and reduce maintenance and repair expenses that are estimated to be about a quarter of an aircraft fleet’s operating costs. The SHM field encompasses transdisciplinary areas, including smart materials, sensors and actuators, damage diagnosis and prognosis, signal and image processing algorithms, wireless intelligent sensing, data fusion, and energy harvesting. This book focuses on how SHM techniques are applied to aircraft structures with particular emphasis on composite materials, and is divided into four main parts. Part One provides an overview of SHM technologies for damage detection, diagnosis, and prognosis in aerospace structures. Part Two moves on to analyze smart materials for SHM in aerospace structures, such as piezoelectric materials, optical fibers, and flexoelectricity. In addition, this also includes two vibration-based energy harvesting techniques for powering wireless sensors based on piezoelectric electromechanical coupling and diamagnetic levitation. Part Three explores innovative SHM technologies for damage diagnosis in aerospace structures. Chapters within this section include sparse array imaging techniques and phase array techniques for damage detection. The final section of the volume details innovative SHM technologies for damage prognosis in aerospace structures. This book serves as a key reference for researchers working within this industry, academic, and government research agencies developing new systems for the SHM of aerospace structures and materials scientists. Provides key information on the potential of SHM in reducing maintenance and repair costs Analyzes current SHM technologies and sensing systems, highlighting the innovation in each area Encompasses chapters on smart materials such as electroactive polymers and optical fibers

Natural Fibre Composites

Natural Fibre Composites Book
Author : Alma Hodzic,Robert Shanks
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-13
ISBN : 0857099221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of natural fibres as reinforcements in composites has grown in importance in recent years. Natural Fibre Composites summarises the wealth of significant recent research in this area. Chapters in part one introduce and explore the structure, properties, processing, and applications of natural fibre reinforcements, including those made from wood and cellulosic fibres. Part two describes and illustrates the processing of natural fibre composites. Chapters discuss ethical practices in the processing of green composites, manufacturing methods and compression and injection molding techniques for natural fibre composites, and thermoset matrix natural fibre-reinforced composites. Part three highlights and interprets the testing and properties of natural fibre composites including, non-destructive and high strain rate testing. The performance of natural fibre composites is examined under dynamic loading, the response of natural fibre composites to impact damage is appraised, and the response of natural fibre composites in a marine environment is assessed. Natural Fibre Composites is a technical guide for professionals requiring an understanding of natural fibre composite materials. It offers reviews, applications and evaluations of the subject for researchers and engineers. Introduces and explores the structure, properties, processing, and applications of natural fibre reinforcements, including those made from wood and cellulosic fibres Highlights and interprets the testing and properties of natural fibre composites, including non-destructive and high strain rate testing Examines performance of natural fibre composites under dynamic loading, the response of natural fibre composites to impact damage, and the response of natural fibre composites in a marine environment

Residual Stresses in Composite Materials

Residual Stresses in Composite Materials Book
Author : Mahmood M. Shokrieh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857098594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Residual stresses are a common phenomenon in composite materials. They can either add to or significantly reduce material strength. Because of the increasing demand for high-strength, light-weight materials such as composites and their wide range of applications in the aerospace and automotive industries, in civil infrastructure and in sporting applications, it is critical that the residual stresses of composite materials are understood and measured correctly. The first part of this important book reviews destructive and non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques for measuring residual stresses. Various mathematical (analytical and numerical) methods for calculation of residual stresses in composite materials are also presented. Chapters in the first section of the book discuss the simulated hole drilling method, the slitting/crack compliance method, measuring residual stresses in homogeneous and composite glass materials using photoelastic techniques, and modeling residual stresses in composite materials. The second part of the book discusses residual stresses in polymer matrix, metal-matrix and a range of other types of composites. Moreover, the addition of nanoparticles to the matrix of polymeric composites as a new technique for reduction of residual stresses is discussed. Residual stresses in composite materials provides a comprehensive overview of this important topic, and is an invaluable reference text for both academics and professionals working in the mechanical engineering, civil engineering, aerospace, automotive, marine and sporting industries. Reviews destructive and non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques for measuring residual stresses Discusses residual stresses in polymer matrix, metal-matrix and other types of composite Considers the addition of nanoparticles to the matrix of polymeric composites as a new technique for reduction of residual stresses