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Scaling Chemical Processes

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Scaling Chemical Processes

Scaling Chemical Processes Book
Author : Jonathan Worstell
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-10-27
ISBN : 0128047690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scaling Chemical Processes: Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering is one of a series of short texts that each provides a focused introductory view on a single subject. The full library spans the main topics in the chemical process industries for engineering professionals who require a basic grounding in various related topics. They are ‘pocket publications’ that the professional engineer can easily carry with them or access electronically while working. Each text is highly practical and applied, and presents first principles for engineers who need to get up to speed in a new area fast. The focused facts provided in each guide will help you converse with experts in the field, attempt your own initial troubleshooting, check calculations, and solve rudimentary problems. This book discusses scaling chemical processes from a laboratory through a pilot plant to a commercial plant. It bases scaling on similarity principles and uses dimensional analysis to derive the dimensionless parameters necessary to ensure a successful chemical process development program. This series is fully endorsed and co-branded by the IChemE, and they help to promote the series. Offers practical, short, concise information on the basics to help you get an answer or teach yourself a new topic quickly Includes industry examples to help you solve real world problems Provides key facts for professionals in convenient single subject volumes Discusses scaling chemical processes from a laboratory through a pilot plant to a commercial plant

Scale up Methodology for Chemical Processes

Scale up Methodology for Chemical Processes Book
Author : Jean-Paul Euzen,Pierre Trambouze,Jean-Pierre Wauquier
Publisher : Editions TECHNIP
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9782710806462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Having gained considerable experience in process development at the Institut FranCais du PEtrole, the authors present a design framework, a review of the available means of investigation, and several examples illustrating their methodology of industrial process scale up. The salient feature of the book is the fact that it addresses a subject which is vital in view of its economic repercussions, yet relatively unknown in technical and scientific circles, due to the confidentiality surrounding it.Contents: 1. Main guidelines of the methodology. 2. Various types of model. 3. Pilot plants and mock-ups. 4. Experimental techniques. 5. Applications to industrial process development. 6. Conclusions. References. Index.

Dimensional Analysis and Scale up in Chemical Engineering

Dimensional Analysis and Scale up in Chemical Engineering Book
Author : Marko Zlokarnik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642766730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contemporary Chemical Process Engineers face complex design and research problems. Temperature-dependent physical properties and non-Newtonian flow behavior of substances in a process cannot be predicted by numerical mathematics. Scaling-up equipment for processing can often only be done with partial similarity methods. Standard textbooks often neglect topics like dimensional analysis, theory of similarity and scale-up. This book fills this gap! It is aimed both at university students and the process engineer. It presents dimensional analysis very comprehensively with illustrative examples of mechanical, thermal and chemical processes.

Scale up of Reactive Processes in Heterogeneous Media

Scale up of Reactive Processes in Heterogeneous Media Book
Author : Harpreet Singh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical and chemical heterogeneities cause the porous media transport parameters to vary with scale, and between these two types of heterogeneities geological heterogeneity is considered to be the most important source of scale-dependence of transport parameters. Subsurface processes associated with chemical alterations result in changing reservoir properties with interlinked spatial and temporal scale, and there is uncertainty in the evolution of those properties and the chemical processes. This dissertation provides a framework and procedures to quantify the spatiotemporal scaling characteristics of reservoir attributes and transport processes in heterogeneous media accounting for chemical alterations in the reservoir. Conventional flow scaling groups were used to assess their applicability in scaling of recovery and Mixing Zone Length (MZL) in presence of chemical reactivity and permeability heterogeneity through numerical simulations of CO2 injection. It was found out that these scaling groups are not adequate enough to capture the scaling of recovery and transport parameters in the combined presence of chemical reactivity and physical heterogeneity. In this illustrative example, MZL was investigated as a function of spatial scale, temporal scale, multi-scale heterogeneity, and chemical reactivity; key conclusions are that 1) the scaling characteristics of MZL distinctly differ for low permeability and high permeability media, 2) heterogeneous media with spatial arrangements of both high and low permeability regions exhibit scaling characteristics of both high and low permeability media, 3) reactions affect scaling characteristics of MZL in heterogeneous media, 4) a simple rescaling can combine various MZL curves by merging them into a single MZL curve irrespective of the correlation length of heterogeneity, and 5) estimates of MZL (and consequently predictions of oil recovery) will fluctuate corresponding to displacements in a permeable medium whose lateral length is smaller than the correlation length of geological formation. We illustrate and extend the procedure of estimating Representative Elementary Volume (REV) to include temporal scale by coupling it with spatial scale. The current practice is to perform spatial averaging of attributes and account for residual variability by calibration and history matching. This results in poor predictions of future reservoir performance. The proposed semi-analytical technique to scale-up in both space and time provides guidance for selection of spatial and temporal discretizations that takes into account the uncertainties due to sub-processes. Finally, a probabilistic particle tracking (PT) approach is proposed to scale-up flow and transport of diffusion-reaction (DR) processes while addressing multi-scale and multi-physics nature of DR mechanisms and also maintaining consistent reservoir heterogeneity at different levels of scales. This multi-scale modeling uses a hierarchical approach which is based on passing the macroscopic subsurface heterogeneity down to the finer scales and then returning more accurate reactive flow response. This PT method can quantify the impact of reservoir heterogeneity and its uncertainties on statistical properties such as reaction surface area and MZL, at various scales.

The Scaling up of Chemical Plant and Processes

The Scaling up of Chemical Plant and Processes Book
Author : Institution of Chemical Engineers (Great Britain),Koninklijk Instituut van Ingenieurs (Netherlands). Chemical Engineering Group
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Scaling up of Chemical Plant and Processes book written by Institution of Chemical Engineers (Great Britain),Koninklijk Instituut van Ingenieurs (Netherlands). Chemical Engineering Group, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Joint Symposium

Joint Symposium Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Joint Symposium book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Photochemical Processes In Continuous flow Reactors From Engineering Principles To Chemical Applications

Photochemical Processes In Continuous flow Reactors  From Engineering Principles To Chemical Applications Book
Author : Noel Timothy
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-02-27
ISBN : 1786342200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuous-flow photochemistry is an expanding field within chemistry. It unites the mass transfer enhancement of flow chemistry with the high energy field density of microscale geometries. Moreover, it provides means to scale photochemical reactions efficiently. This book gives an overview of both technological and chemical aspects associated with photochemical processes in microreactors. It provides analysis, the first of its kind, of these new technologies developed within the field of photochemical processes, with a description and case studies of practical implementation. It specifically looks at: Design considerations of continuous-flow photoreactors;Detailed descriptions of photon and mass-transfer phenomena;Modeling approaches for photochemical transformations;Scale up strategies for photochemical transformations;Examples of continuous-flow photochemistry in organic synthetic chemistry and material science;Industrial examples of photochemical transformations. By providing a deeper understanding of underlying concepts, coupled with numerous examples, this book is an essential reference for chemistry students, researchers and professionals working on photochemistry, photoredox catalysis, flow chemistry, process chemistry and reactor engineering.

Advanced Control of Chemical Processes 1994

Advanced Control of Chemical Processes 1994 Book
Author : D. Bonvin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 1483297594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication brings together the latest research findings in the key area of chemical process control; including dynamic modelling and simulation - modelling and model validation for application in linear and nonlinear model-based control: nonlinear model-based predictive control and optimization - to facilitate constrained real-time optimization of chemical processes; statistical control techniques - major developments in the statistical interpretation of measured data to guide future research; knowledge-based v model-based control - the integration of theoretical aspects of control and optimization theory with more recent developments in artificial intelligence and computer science.

Chemical Processes for a Sustainable Future

Chemical Processes for a Sustainable Future Book
Author : Trevor Letcher,Janet Scott,Darrell Alec Patterson
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 1782621393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive book approaches sustainability from two directions, the reduction of pollution and the maintaining of existing resources, both of which are addressed in a thorough examination of the main chemical processes and their impact. Divided into five sections, each introduced by a leading expert in the field, the book takes the reader through the various types of chemical processes, demonstrating how we must find ways to lower the environmental cost (of both pollution and contributions to climate change) of producing chemicals. Each section consists of several chapters, presenting the latest facts and opinion on the methodologies being adopted by the chemical industry to provide a more sustainable future. A follow-up to Materials for a Sustainable Future (Royal Society of Chemistry 2012), this book will appeal to the same broad readership - industrialists and investors; policy makers in local and central governments; students, teachers, scientists and engineers working in the field; and finally editors, journalists and the general public who need information on the increasingly popular concepts of sustainable living.

Scaling Analysis in Modeling Transport and Reaction Processes

Scaling Analysis in Modeling Transport and Reaction Processes Book
Author : William B. Krantz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-06-04
ISBN : 0470121920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is unique as the first effort to expound on the subject of systematic scaling analysis. Not written for a specific discipline, the book targets any reader interested in transport phenomena and reaction processes. The book is logically divided into chapters on the use of systematic scaling analysis in fluid dynamics, heat transfer, mass transfer, and reaction processes. An integrating chapter is included that considers more complex problems involving combined transport phenomena. Each chapter includes several problems that are explained in considerable detail. These are followed by several worked examples for which the general outline for the scaling is given. Each chapter also includes many practice problems. This book is based on recognizing the value of systematic scaling analysis as a pedagogical method for teaching transport and reaction processes and as a research tool for developing and solving models and in designing experiments. Thus, the book can serve as both a textbook and a reference book.

Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD of Chemical Processes

Computational Fluid Dynamics  CFD  of Chemical Processes Book
Author : Young-Il Lim
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-02-22
ISBN : 3039439332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this Special Issue, one review paper highlights the necessity of multiscale CFD, coupling micro- and macro-scales, for exchanging information at the interface of the two scales. Four research papers investigate the hydrodynamics, heat transfer, and chemical reactions of various processes using Eulerian CFD modeling. CFD models are attractive for industrial applications. However, substantial efforts in physical modeling and numerical implementation are still required before their widespread implementation.

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-05
ISBN : 1119529166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the second edition several United States jurisdictions have mandated consideration of inherently safer design for certain facilities. Notable examples are the inherently safer technology (IST) review requirement in the New Jersey Toxic Chemical Prevention Act (TCPA), and the Inherently Safer Systems Analysis (ISSA) required by the Contra Costa County (California) Industrial Safety Ordinance. More recently, similar requirements have been proposed at the U.S. Federal level in the pending EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) revisions. Since the concept of inherently safer design applies globally, with its origins in the United Kingdom, the book will apply globally. The new edition builds on the same philosophy as the first two editions, but further clarifies the concept with recent research, practitioner observations, added examples and industry methods, and discussions of security and regulatory issues. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. The main goal of this book is to help guide the future state of chemical process evolution by illustrating and emphasizing the merits of integrating inherently safer design process-related research, development, and design into a comprehensive process that balances safety, capital, and environmental concerns throughout the life cycle of the process. It discusses strategies of how to: substitute more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimize risk in the transportation of chemicals, use safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommission a manufacturing plant so that what is left behind does not endanger the public or environment.

Pilot Plants and Scale up of Chemical Processes II

Pilot Plants and Scale up of Chemical Processes II Book
Author : William Hoyle
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do you translate bench chemistry into 10 -100 litre pilot plant scale? Drawing on the wealth of experience of its expert contributors, Pilot Plants and Scale-up of Chemical Processes II provides an insight into how methods, procedures and techniques can be optimised. Up-to-date and highly focused, this book addresses topics including the choice of phase-transfer catalyst, safe scale-up of both Grignard and organolithium reactions, and on-line techniques for examining crystallisation. Newly established collaborative industry/academia projects are discussed, along with other procedures that have a practical application in industry. As a source of innovative techniques and best current practice, this book is a must for process development and pilot plant chemists as well as chemical engineers.

Thermal Safety of Chemical Processes

Thermal Safety of Chemical Processes Book
Author : Francis Stoessel
Publisher : VCH
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 3527339213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely revised and updated to reflect the current IUPAC standards, this second edition is enlarged by five new chapters dealing with the assessment of energy potential, physical unit operations, emergency pressure relief, the reliability of risk reducing measures, and process safety and process development. Clearly structured in four parts, the first provides a general introduction and presents the theoretical, methodological and experimental aspects of thermal risk assessment. Part II is devoted to desired reactions and techniques allowing reactions to be mastered on an industrial scale, while the third part deals with secondary reactions, their characterization, and techniques to avoid triggering them. Due to the inclusion of new content and restructuring measures, the technical aspects of risk reduction are highlighted in the new section that constitutes the final part. Each chapter begins with a case history illustrating the topic in question, presenting lessons learned from the incident. Numerous examples taken from industrial practice are analyzed, and each chapter concludes with a series of exercises or case studies, allowing readers to check their understanding of the subject matter. Finally, additional control questions have been added and solutions to the exercises and problems can now be found.

Thermo Hydro Mechanical Chemical Processes in Fractured Porous Media Modelling and Benchmarking

Thermo Hydro Mechanical Chemical Processes in Fractured Porous Media  Modelling and Benchmarking Book
Author : Olaf Kolditz,Thomas Nagel,Hua Shao,Wenqing Wang,Sebastian Bauer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-01
ISBN : 3319682253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book comprises the 3rd collection of benchmarks and examples for porous and fractured media mechanics. Analysis of thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes is essential to a wide area of applications in environmental engineering, such as geological waste deposition, geothermal energy utilization (shallow and deep systems), carbon capture and storage (CCS) as well as water resources management and hydrology. In order to assess the feasibility, safety as well as sustainability of geoenvironmental applications, model-based simulation is the only way to quantify future scenarios. This charges a huge responsibility concerning the reliability of conceptual models and computational tools. Benchmarking is an appropriate methodology to verify the quality and validate the concept of models based on best practices. Moreover, benchmarking and code comparison are building strong community links. The 3rd THMC benchmark book also introduces benchmark-based tutorials, therefore the subtitle is selected as “From Benchmarking to Tutoring”. The benchmark book is part of the OpenGeoSys initiative - an open source project to share knowledge and experience in environmental analysis and scientific computation. The new version of OGS-6 is introduced and first benchmarks are presented therein (see appendices).

Industrial Process Scale up

Industrial Process Scale up Book
Author : Jan Harmsen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-04-25
ISBN : 0444627391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will help industrial process innovators in research, development and commercial start-up to assess the risks of commercial-scale implementation and provide them with practical guidelines and methods to reduce the risks to acceptable levels. The book can also be used in co-operation with industrial R&D people and academic researchers to shape open innovation programs and in education as a reference book for process innovation courses. Offers easily accessible, step-by-step, and concise guidelines for industrial process scale-up Explains each stage of the innovation funnel: research, development, demonstration, commercial implementation for any process type and branch Based on industrial experiences and practices, which reduces the risks of commercial scale implementation of new processes to acceptable levels and reduces cost and time of process innovation Very clear, attractive layout, using text boxes that contain clarifying notes and additional information on specific topics, which makes it a quick reference of main subjects and additional information

Pilot Plants and Scale up of Chemical Processes

Pilot Plants and Scale up of Chemical Processes Book
Author : P. E. Burke,H. M. S. Patel,L. Powell,R. A. Robinson,R. J. Rowlands,P. E. Sawyer,P. N. Sharratt,J. A. Yates
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the biggest challenges facing today's chemist and chemical engineer is the translation of bench chemistry to the pilot plant. This book provides expert insights into current best practice, and will prove an indispensable manual for all those involved in pilot plant design and scale-up implementation - process chemists, engineers and managers alike. The international expertise of the contributors covers a wide range of topics, and new material covered includes: the removal of heavy metals from effluent, heat flow calorimetry, low temperature processes, good manufacturing practice in pilot plants, design issues, the use of statistical methods in the running of pilot plants. Pilot Plants and Scale-Up of Chemical Processes is a must for all those who are, and wish to remain, expert in the field, providing for the first time in print, a comprehensive and unique perspective of pilot plant production.

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-13
ISBN : 9780470925188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. It discusses strategies for substituting more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimizing risk in the transportation of chemicals, using safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommissioning a manufacturing plant. Since the publication of the original concept book in 1996, there have been many developments on the concept of inherent safety. This new edition provides the latest knowledge so that engineers can derive maximum benefit from inherent safety.

Chemical Processes for Pollution Prevention and Control

Chemical Processes for Pollution Prevention and Control Book
Author : Paul Mac Berthouex,Linfield C. Brown
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-10-04
ISBN : 135158961X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines how chemistry, chemical processes, and transformations are used for pollution prevention and control. Pollution prevention reduces or eliminates pollution at the source, whereas pollution control involves destroying, reducing, or managing pollutants that cannot be eliminated at the source. Applications of environmental chemistry are further illustrated by nearly 150 figures, numerous example calculations, and several case studies designed to develop analytical and problem solving skills. The book presents a variety of practical applications and is unique in its integration of pollution prevention and control, as well as air, water, and solid waste management.

Coupled Thermo Hydro Mechanical Chemical Processes in Geo systems

Coupled Thermo Hydro Mechanical Chemical Processes in Geo systems Book
Author : Ove Stephansson,John Hudson,Lanru Jing
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-11-03
ISBN : 9780080530062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among the most important and exciting current steps forward in geo-engineering is the development of coupled numerical models. They represent the basic physics of geo-engineering processes which can include the effects of heat, water, mechanics and chemistry. Such models provide an integrating focus for the wide range of geo-engineering disciplines. The articles within this volume were originally presented at the inaugural GeoProc conference held in Stockholm and contain a collection of unusually high quality information not available elsewhere in an edited and coherent form. This collection not only benefits from the latest theoretical developments but also applies them to a number of practical and wide ranging applications. Examples include the environmental issues around radioactive waste disposal deep in rock, and the search for new reserves of oil and gas.