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Satellite Gravimetry And The Solid Earth

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Satellite Gravimetry and the Solid Earth

Satellite Gravimetry and the Solid Earth Book
Author : Mehdi Eshagh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-15
ISBN : 0128169370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Satellite Gravimetry and the Solid Earth: Mathematical Foundations presents the theories behind satellite gravimetry data and their connections to solid Earth. It covers the theory of satellite gravimetry and data analysis, presenting it in a way that is accessible across geophysical disciplines. Through a discussion of satellite measurements and the mathematical concepts behind them, the book shows how various satellite measurements, such as satellite orbit, acceleration, vector gravimetry, gravity gradiometry, and integral energy methods can contribute to an understanding of the gravity field and solid Earth geophysics. Bridging the gap between geodesy and geophysics, this book is a valuable resource for researchers and students studying gravity, gravimetry and a variety of geophysical and Earth Science fields. Presents mathematical concepts in a pedagogic and straightforward way to enhance understanding across disciplines Explains how a variety of satellite data can be used for gravity field determination and other geophysical applications Covers a number of problems related to gravimetry and the gravity field, as well as the effects of atmospheric and topographic factors on the data Addresses the regularization method for solving integral equations, isostasy based on gravimetric and flexure methods, elastic thickness, and sub-lithospheric stress

Remote Sensing by Satellite Gravimetry

Remote Sensing by Satellite Gravimetry Book
Author : Thomas Gruber,Annette Eicker,Frank Flechtner
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-19
ISBN : 3036500081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last two decades, satellite gravimetry has become a new remote sensing technique that provides a detailed global picture of the physical structure of the Earth. With the CHAMP, GRACE, GOCE and GRACE Follow-On missions, mass distribution and mass transport in the Earth system can be systematically observed and monitored from space. A wide range of Earth science disciplines benefit from these data, enabling improvements in applied models, providing new insights into Earth system processes (e.g., monitoring the global water cycle, ice sheet and glacier melting or sea-level rise) or establishing new operational services. Long time series of mass transport data are needed to disentangle anthropogenic and natural sources of climate change impacts on the Earth system. In order to secure sustained observations on a long-term basis, space agencies and the Earth science community are currently planning future satellite gravimetry mission concepts to enable higher accuracy and better spatial and temporal resolution. This Special Issue provides examples of recent improvements in gravity observation techniques and data processing and analysis, applications in the fields of hydrology, glaciology and solid Earth based on satellite gravimetry data, as well as concepts of future satellite constellations for monitoring mass transport in the Earth system.

IGFS 2014

IGFS 2014 Book
Author : Shuanggen Jin,Riccardo Barzaghi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-17
ISBN : 3319398202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the proceedings of 24 peer-reviewed papers presented at the 3rd International Gravity Field Service (IGFS) General Assembly, which was organized by the International Gravity Field Service (IGFS), Commission 2 of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), and Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Assembly was successfully held in Shanghai, China from June 30th to July 6th, 2014 with over 130 participants from 25 countries. The focus of the Assembly is on methods for observing, estimating and interpreting the Earth gravity field as well as its applications, including 6 sessions: gravimetry and gravity networks, global geopotential models and vertical datum unification, local geoid/gravity modelling, satellite gravimetry, mass movements in the Earth system and solid Earth investigations.

Future Satellite Gravimetry and Earth Dynamics

Future Satellite Gravimetry and Earth Dynamics Book
Author : Jakob Flury,Reiner Rummel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-25
ISBN : 0387331859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and more accurate techniques for satellite gravimetry will be available soon, with promising applications in Earth sciences. With this special issue the authors want to stimulate discussion among Earth scientists on objectives and preferences for future satellite gravimetry missions. This is an urgently needed discussion. Visions for follow-on missions have to be developed today, if they are to be realized within 10 years, given the required preparation time of such satellite missions.

Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere

Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Earth Gravity from Space
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1997-09-02
ISBN : 9780309174763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For the past three decades, it has been possible to measure the earth's static gravity from satellites. Such measurements have been used to address many important scientific problems, including the earth's internal structure, and geologically slow processes like mantle convection. In principle, it is possible to resolve the time-varying component of the gravity field by improving the accuracy of satellite gravity measurements. These temporal variations are caused by dynamic processes that change the mass distribution in the earth, oceans, and atmosphere. Acquisition of improved time-varying gravity data would open a new class of important scientific problems to analysis, including crustal motions associated with earthquakes and changes in groundwater levels, ice dynamics, sea-level changes, and atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns. This book evaluates the potential for using satellite technologies to measure the time-varying component of the gravity field and assess the utility of these data for addressing problems of interest to the earth sciences, natural hazards, and resource communities.

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics Book
Author : Harsh Gupta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-29
ISBN : 904818701X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The past few decades have witnessed the growth of the Earth Sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet that we live on. This development addresses the challenging endeavor to enrich human lives with the bounties of Nature as well as to preserve the planet for the generations to come. Solid Earth Geophysics aspires to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of the principles of physics and forms the intrinsic framework, which other allied disciplines utilize for more specific investigations. The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company. More than two decades later, this new volume, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, represents a thoroughly revised and expanded reference work. It brings together more than 200 articles covering established and new concepts of Geophysics across the various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format and standard. It is an authoritative and current reference source with extraordinary width of scope. It draws its unique strength from the expert contributions of editors and authors across the globe. It is designed to serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.

Earth System Monitoring

Earth System Monitoring Book
Author : John Orcutt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-12
ISBN : 1461456843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern Earth System Monitoring represents a fundamental change in the way scientists study the Earth System. In Oceanography, for the past two centuries, ships have provided the platforms for observing. Expeditions on the continents and Earth’s poles are land-based analogues. Fundamental understanding of current systems, climate, natural hazards, and ecosystems has been greatly advanced. While these approaches have been remarkably successful, the need to establish measurements over time can only be made using Earth observations and observatories with exacting standards and continuous data. The 19 peer-reviewed contributions in this volume provide early insights into this emerging view of Earth in both space and time in which change is a critical component of our growing understanding.

Application of Satellite Gravimetry to Mass Transports on a Global Scale and the Tibetan Plateau

Application of Satellite Gravimetry to Mass Transports on a Global Scale and the Tibetan Plateau Book
Author : Shuang Yi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-13
ISBN : 9811373531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis provides multidisciplinary perspectives on changes in global mass transports, especially in the global water cycle. It investigates the current time-varying states regarding global sea level, terrestrial water storage, mountain glacier mass and highland crustal deformation, drawing on fifteen years of satellite gravimetry observation to do so. The results reveal tremendous changes in various aspects of the global environment, which are due to both anthropogenic and natural factors. Further, the research presented here sheds new light on underlying connections and mechanisms in the global mass transport system.

Climate Vulnerability

Climate Vulnerability Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-03-15
ISBN : 0123847044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change has been the subject of thousands of books and magazines, scientific journals, and newspaper articles daily. It’s a subject that can be very political and emotional, often blurring the lines between fact and fiction. The vast majority of research, studies, projections and recommendations tend to focus on the human influence on climate change and global warming as the result of CO2 emissions, often to the exclusion of other threats that include population growth and the stress placed on energy sources due to emerging global affluence. Climate Vulnerability seeks to strip away the politics and emotion that surround climate change and will assess the broad range of threats using the bottom up approach—including CO2 emissions, population growth, emerging affluence, and many others—to our five most critical resources: water, food, ecosystems, energy, and human health. Inclusively determining what these threats are while seeking preventive measures and adaptations is at the heart of this unique reference work. Takes a Bottom-Up approach, addressing climate change and the threat to our key resources at the local level first and globally second, providing a more accurate and inclusive approach. Includes extensive cross-referencing, which is key to readers as new connections between factors can be discovered. Cuts across a number of disciplines and will appeal to Biological Science, Earth & Environmental Science, Ecology, and Social Science, comprehensively addressing climate change and other threats to our key resources from multiple perspectives

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences Book
Author : Wing-Huen Ip
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2009-03-20
ISBN : 9814469505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Geosciences is the result of a concerted effort to bring together the latest results and planning activities related to earth and space science in Asia and the international arena. The volume editors are all leading scientists in their research fields covering six sections: Atmospheric Science (AS), Hydrological Science (HS), Ocean Science (OS), Solid Earth (SE), Solar Terrestrial (ST) and Planetary Science (PS). The main purpose is to highlight the scientific issues essential to the study of earthquakes, tsunamis, atmospheric dust storms, climate change, drought, flood, typhoons, monsoons, space weather, and planetary exploration. This volume is abstracted in NASA's Astrophysics Data System: http://ads.harvard.edu Contents:Volume 10: Atmospheric Science (AS) Rainfall over Thailand during ENSO (1997–2000) (Wonlee & Prungchan)Formation of Tropical Cyclone Concentric Eye Walls by Wave–Mean Flow Interactions (J-Y Peng et al.)Anthropogenic Aerosol Radiative Forcing in the INDO-Gangetic Basi (S Dey & S N Tripathi)and other papersVolume 11: Hydrological Science (HS)Study for the Fresh Ground Water Resources, Neil, Island, India (V K Saxena)Emerging Concepts in Hydrology for Tropical Pacific Regimes (J Terry)Analysis of Monami Waves in Aquatic Vegetation (S Patil et al.)and other papersVolume 12: Ocean Science (OS)3D Current Characteristics Simulation with ANN (C Z Chew et al.)Classification of Ocean Waves from the Data Buoy Measurements (R Balaji et al.)Intercomparison of Various Latent Heat Flux Products in the South China Sea (Zhen et al.)and other papersVolume 13: Solid Earth (SE)The International Laser Ranging Service (M Pearlman et al.)Numerical Modeling of the 2006 Java Tsunami Earthquake (N R Hanifa et al.)Statistical Properties and Time Trend in the Number of Holocene Volcanic Eruptions. (A N Zemtsov & A A Tron)and other papersVolume 14: Solar Terrestrial (ST)ULF Waves: Exploring the Earth's Magnetosphere (B J Fraser)Spectrum of Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind (V Krishnan)Polarization Properties of the Ultra-Low Frequency Waves in Non-Axisymmetric Background Magnetic Fields (K Kabin et al.)and other papersVolume 15: Planetary Science (PS)X-Rays from Nonmagnetic Planets (K Dennerl)Clouds, Clumps, Cores, and Comets — A Cosmic Chemical Connection? (S B Charnley & S D Rodgers)Comparative X-Ray Studies of Planetary Aurorae (G Branduardi-Raymont)and other papers Readership: Academics, researchers and postgraduate students in geosciences. Key Features: Provides an important source of new and not-yet-published results from the growing Asian and international geoscience community Presents a unique view of the rapid scientific progress made by Asian researchers in topics crucial to the future of the global environment Highlights a first-hand description of how the largest scientific population in the world is working together to manage the environmental problems which will determine the economic and social growth of the world itselfKeywords:Planetary Science;Atmosphere;Ionosphere;Magnetosphere “This set is the result of an effort to bring together the latest results and planning activities related to earth and space science in Asia and the international arena. The main purpose of this set is to highlight the scientific issues essential to the study of earthquakes, tsunami, atmospheric dust storms, climate change, drought, floods, typhoons, monsoons, space weather, and planetary exploration.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences Book
Author : Kenji Satake
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 981283818X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are doing cutting edge study in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science.

Geoid Determination

Geoid Determination Book
Author : Fernando Sansò,Michael G. Sideris
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-02-13
ISBN : 3540747001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will be based on the material of the lecture noties in several International Schools for the Determination and Use of the Geoid, organized by the International Geoid Serivice of the International Association of Geodesy. It consolidates, unifies, and streamlines this material in a unique way not covereed by the few other books that exist on this subjext. More specifically, the book presents (for the first time in a single volume) the theory and methodology of the most common technique used for precise determination of the geoid, including the computation of the marine geoid from satellite altimetry data. These are illustrated by specific examples and actual computations of local geoids. In addition, the book provides the fundamentals of estimating orthometric heights without spirit levelling, by properly combining a geoid with heights from GPS. Besides the geodectic and geophysical uses, this last application has made geoid computation methods very popular in recent years because the entire GPS and GIS user communities are interested in estimating geoid undulations in order to convert GPS heights to physically meaningful orthometric heights (elevations above mean sea level). The overall purpose of the book is, therefore, to provide the user community (academics, graduate students, geophysicists, engineers, oceanographers, GIS and GPS users, researchers) with a self-contained textbook, which will supply them with the complete roadmap of estimating geoid undulations, from the theoretical definitions and formulas to the available numerical methods and their implementation and the test in practice.

Potential Applications of Satellite Geodetic Techniques to Geosciences

Potential Applications of Satellite Geodetic Techniques to Geosciences Book
Author : United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Ad Hoc Advisory Group
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Potential Applications of Satellite Geodetic Techniques to Geosciences book written by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Ad Hoc Advisory Group, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards GENAH

International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards  GENAH  Book
Author : Manabu Hashimoto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-09
ISBN : 3319397680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings contain a selection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH), Matsushima, Japan, 22-26 July, 2014. The scientific sessions focused on monitoring temporal and spatial changes in Earth's lithosphere and atmosphere using geodetic satellite systems, high rate GNSS as well as high resolution imaging (InSAR, Lidar). Researchers in various fields of geodesy discussed the role of geodesy in disaster mitigation and how groups with different techniques can collaborate toward such a goal.

Review of NASA s Solid Earth Science Strategy

Review of NASA s Solid Earth Science Strategy Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee to Review NASA's Solid-Earth Science Strategy
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-10-13
ISBN : 0309092523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The report reviews NASA's solid-earth science strategy, placing particular emphasis on observational strategies for measuring surface deformation, high-resolution topography, surface properties, and the variability of the earth’s magnetic and gravity fields. The report found that NASA is uniquely positioned to implement these observational strategies and that a number of agency programs would benefit from the resulting data. In particular, the report strongly endorses the near-term launch of a satellite dedicated to L-band InSAR measurements of the land surface, which is a key component of the U.S. Geological Survey’s hazards mitigation program and the multi-agency EarthScope program.

EDS Environmental Data Service

EDS  Environmental Data Service Book
Author : United States. Environmental Data Service
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download EDS Environmental Data Service book written by United States. Environmental Data Service, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gravity Gradiometry and Gravimetry

Gravity  Gradiometry  and Gravimetry Book
Author : Reiner Rummel,Roger G. Hipkin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461234042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A General Meeting of the lAG was held in Edinburgh, Scotland, to commemorate its 125th Anniversary. The Edinburgh meeting, which attracted 360 scientific delegates and 80 accompanying persons from 44 countries, was hosted jointly by the Royal Society, the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the University of Edinburgh. The scientific part of the program, which was held in the Appleton Tower of the University, included the following five symposia: Symposium 101 Global and Regional Geodynamics Symposium 102 GPS and Other Radio Tracking Systems Symposium 103 Gravity, Gradiometry and Gravimetry Symposium 104 Sea Surface Topography, the Geoid and Vertical Datums Symposium 105 Earth Rotation and Coordinate Reference Frames All together there were 90 oral and 160 poster presentatio'ls. The program was arranged to prevent any overlapping of oral presentations, and thus enabled delegates to participate in all the sessions. The 125th Anniversary Ceremony took place on August 7, 1989, in the noble surroundings of the McEwan Hall where, 53 years earlier, Vening-Meinesz gave one of the two Union Lectures at the 6th General Assembly of the IUGG. The Ceremony commenced with welcome speeches by the British hosts. An interlude of traditional Scottish singing and dancing was followed by the Presidential Address given by Professor Ivan Mueller, on 125 years of international cooperation in geodesy. The Ceremony continued with greetings from representatives of sister societies, and was concluded by the presentation of the Levallois Medal to Professor Arne Bjerhammar.

Environmental Data Service

Environmental Data Service Book
Author : United States. Environmental Data Service
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976-05
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Data Service book written by United States. Environmental Data Service, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geodesy

Geodesy Book
Author : Wolfgang Torge,Jürgen Müller
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2012-05-29
ISBN : 3110250004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fourth edition of this textbook has been thoroughly revised in order to reflect the central role which geodesy has achieved in the past ten years. It follows the principal directions of geodesy, providing the theoretical background as well as the principles of measurement and evaluation methods.