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Roots Of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness

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Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness

Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic Backwardness Book
Author : Alexandre Rands Barros
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-07-19
ISBN : 0128097574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Roots of Brazil’s Relative Economic Backwardness explains Brazil’s development level in light of modern theories regarding economic growth and international economics. It focuses on both the proximate and fundamental causes of Brazil’s slow development, turning currently dominant hypotheses upside down. To support its arguments, the book presents extensive statistical analysis of Brazilian long-term development, with some new series on per capita GDP, population ethnical composition, and human capital stock, among others. It is an important resource in the ongoing debate on the causes of Latin American underdeveloped economies. Argues that low human capital accumulation is the major source of Brazilian relative underdevelopment Considers class conflict as the major determinant of Brazil’s historically low human capital accumulation and underdevelopment Presents new statistical information about Brazilian early development

The Oxford Handbook of the Brazilian Economy

The Oxford Handbook of the Brazilian Economy Book
Author : Edmund Amann,Carlos Azzoni,Werner Baer
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-08-01
ISBN : 0190600004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brazil is a globally vital but troubled economy. This volume offers comprehensive insight into Brazil's economic development, focusing on its most salient characteristics and analyzing its structural features across various dimensions. This innovative Oxford Handbook provides an understanding of the economy's evolution over time and highlights the implications of the past trajectory and decisions for current challenges and opportunities. The opening section covers the country's economic history, beginning with the colonial economy, through import-substitution, to the era of neoliberalism. Second, it analyses Brazil's broader place in the global economy, and considers the ways in which this role has changed, and is likely to change, over coming years. Particular attention is given to the productive sectors of Brazil's economy, for example manufacturing, agriculture, services, energy, and infrastructure. In addition to discussions of regional differences within Brazil, socio-economic dimensions are examined. These include income distribution, human capital, environmental issues, and health. Also included is a discussion of Brazil in the world economy, such as the increase in "South-South" cooperation and trade as well as foreign direct investment. Last but not least is a discussion of the role of the Brazilian state in the economy, whether through state enterprises, competition policy, or corruption.

INDIA S GDP LOW WHY

INDIA   S GDP LOW  WHY   Book
Author : Dr. V.V.L.N. Sastry
Publisher : Idea Publishing
Release : 2020-04-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

India is the second most populous country in the world. India’s economy is characterized by marginalization and exclusion due to social inequalities. Low rates of female participation in the labor force has also hampered the growth of the Indian economy. The majority of businesses in India are small-scale enterprises (SSEs). It does not have adequate skilled workers given that its system of offering vocational training is not tailor-made to address the specific needs of the informal or casual labor force which makes up for at least 90% of the total workers in India. State governments play a major role in the allocation of resources as they account for approximately 57% of total expenditure in India. Most Indian firms depend on politicians and public officials for resources supplied by the government to facilitate various aspects of their operations. Agriculture, manufacturing, and services are the main economic sectors in India. Therefore, they would provide a good indication of the economic health of the country. India has one of the largest service sectors in the world and is the export hub of software services. Its market share in the total global outsourcing market is approximately 55%. India’s middle class is expected to grow economically to account for 17% of the global consumption, which would be second largest in the world. Increase in the young working population is also expected to contribute towards the future growth of the manufacturing sector in India. India is the 7th largest country in the world in terms of national nominal GDPs. But, the GDP does not commensurate with the population it boasts of as the per capita income is very low and lesser than per capita income of Argentina, Malaysia,Mexico, and Nigeria. It is also the third largest economy in the world in terms of national purchasing power parity (PPP). However, India is striving to achieve economic development to match the economies of developed nations. India has a long way to go to match these economies. This book deals with the finer aspects of India’s GDP and introspects the reasons for its low GDP.

Rethinking International Political Economy

Rethinking International Political Economy Book
Author : Cohen, Benjamin J.
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2022-02-11
ISBN : 1789908655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this timely book, Benjamin J. Cohen identifies and analyses a range of critical pathologies currently afflicting the field of international political economy (IPE) and offers remedies to restore the field’s vitality. The book addresses the purpose of IPE as a field of study, highlighting the key questions posed by scholars since the modern field’s inception, and explores how research seeks to engage with politics in practice.

The Economic Growth of Brazil

The Economic Growth of Brazil Book
Author : Celso Furtado
Publisher : University of California Press
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 0520365313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1963.

Brazil

Brazil Book
Author : Leslie Bethell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1989-05-26
ISBN : 9780521368377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The transformation of Brazil from Portuguese colony to independent nation continues through Brazilian independence to the Paraguayan War, the age of reform (1870-1889) and The First Republic (1889-1930).

Case Studies in the Origins of Capitalism

Case Studies in the Origins of Capitalism Book
Author : Xavier Lafrance,Charles Post
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 3319956574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume builds and expands on the groundbreaking work of Robert Brenner and Ellen Meiksins Wood on the origins of capitalism. Whereas Brenner and Wood focused mostly on the emergence of capitalism in the English countryside (agrarian capitalism), this book utilizes their approach to offer original, theoretically sophisticated, and empirically informed accounts of transitions to capitalism – both agrarian and industrial – in a wide range of countries in order to provide within a single volume a diverse collection of relatively brief yet detailed case studies of the historical transition to capitalism distributed across three continents. Offering a new and highly original analysis of the global spread of capitalism, this book will be a unique contribution to the longstanding debate on the transition to capitalism.

The Independence of Latin America

The Independence of Latin America Book
Author : Leslie Bethell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1987-05-07
ISBN : 9780521349277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Latin America's quest for independence is revealed through the national struggles of Mexico, Spanish Central and South America, and Brazil. Excerpted from the Cambridge History of Latin America.

The Cambridge History of Latin America

The Cambridge History of Latin America Book
Author : Leslie Bethell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1985-07-11
ISBN : 9780521232241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume III looks at the period of history in Latin America from independence to c.1870.

Diverse Development Paths and Structural Transformation in the Escape from Poverty

Diverse Development Paths and Structural Transformation in the Escape from Poverty Book
Author : Martin Andersson,Tobias Axelsson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-04-21
ISBN : 0191057177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume analyzes the experiences of developing countries in Asia, Latin America, and Sub-Saharan Africa, and examines how they might catch up. Based on growth performance across the developing world over the last five decades, it offers a thorough account of the possibilities to engage in such processes in an increasingly globalized world. Together, the chapters highlight the diversity and variation of development pathways and provide valuable lessons and implications for how to approach this difficult question. The book shows the importance of acknowledging that the process of development is dynamic and that the possibilities for catch up are situation dependent. At the same time it makes clear that without structural change, and in particular agricultural transformation, sustained catch up is unlikely to happen. The volume demonstrates how analysis of current growth processes in developing countries can be enriched by paying closer attention to the multifaceted nature of both economic backwardness and successful pathways to escape it.

State Penetration and Citizenship in the Brazilian Countryside

State Penetration and Citizenship in the Brazilian Countryside Book
Author : Elisa Pereira Reis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download State Penetration and Citizenship in the Brazilian Countryside book written by Elisa Pereira Reis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reconfiguring Institutions Across Time and Space

Reconfiguring Institutions Across Time and Space Book
Author : D. Galvan,R. Sil
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2007-03-19
ISBN : 0230603068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines how novel institutional forms emerge when actors creatively reinterpret and reconfigure imported or imposed institutional models, using case studies from East Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America.

The Economics of Contemporary Latin America

The Economics of Contemporary Latin America Book
Author : Beatriz Armendariz,Felipe Larrain B.
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2017-05-12
ISBN : 0262533154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analysis of Latin America's economy focusing on development, covering the colonial roots of inequality, boom and bust cycles, labor markets, and fiscal and monetary policy. Latin America is richly endowed with natural resources, fertile land, and vibrant cultures. Yet the region remains much poorer than its neighbors to the north. Most Latin American countries have not achieved standards of living and stable institutions comparable to those found in developed countries, have experienced repeated boom-bust cycles, and remain heavily reliant on primary commodities. This book studies the historical roots of Latin America's contemporary economic and social development, focusing on poverty and income inequality dating back to colonial times. It addresses today's legacies of the market-friendly reforms that took hold in the 1980s and 1990s by examining successful stabilizations and homemade monetary and fiscal institutional reforms. It offers a detailed analysis of trade and financial liberalization, twenty–first century-growth, and the decline in poverty and income inequality. Finally, the book offers an overall analysis of inclusive growth policies for development—including gender issues and the informal sector—and the challenges that lie ahead for the region, with special attention to pressing demands by the vibrant and vocal middle class, youth unemployment, and indigenous populations.

The Puzzle of Latin American Economic Development

The Puzzle of Latin American Economic Development Book
Author : Patrice Franko
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 1442212187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thoroughly revised and updated, this foundational text provides the basic economic tools for students to understand the problems facing the countries of Latin America. In the fourth edition, Patrice Franko analyzes challenges to the neoliberal model of development and highlights recent macroeconomic changes in the region.

Places of Encounter Volume 2

Places of Encounter  Volume 2 Book
Author : Aran MacKinnon
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-03-09
ISBN : 0429972946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First Published in 2018. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.

Structural change fundamentals and growth a framework and case studies

Structural change  fundamentals  and growth   a framework and case studies Book
Author : McMillan, Margaret ,Rodrik, Dani,Sepúlveda, Claudia
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2017-05-11
ISBN : 0896292142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Structural change fundamentals and growth a framework and case studies book written by McMillan, Margaret ,Rodrik, Dani,Sepúlveda, Claudia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

International Capital Flows

International Capital Flows Book
Author : Martin Feldstein
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2007-12-01
ISBN : 0226241807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent changes in technology, along with the opening up of many regions previously closed to investment, have led to explosive growth in the international movement of capital. Flows from foreign direct investment and debt and equity financing can bring countries substantial gains by augmenting local savings and by improving technology and incentives. Investing companies acquire market access, lower cost inputs, and opportunities for profitable introductions of production methods in the countries where they invest. But, as was underscored recently by the economic and financial crises in several Asian countries, capital flows can also bring risks. Although there is no simple explanation of the currency crisis in Asia, it is clear that fixed exchange rates and chronic deficits increased the likelihood of a breakdown. Similarly, during the 1970s, the United States and other industrial countries loaned OPEC surpluses to borrowers in Latin America. But when the U.S. Federal Reserve raised interest rates to control soaring inflation, the result was a widespread debt moratorium in Latin America as many countries throughout the region struggled to pay the high interest on their foreign loans. International Capital Flows contains recent work by eminent scholars and practitioners on the experience of capital flows to Latin America, Asia, and eastern Europe. These papers discuss the role of banks, equity markets, and foreign direct investment in international capital flows, and the risks that investors and others face with these transactions. By focusing on capital flows' productivity and determinants, and the policy issues they raise, this collection is a valuable resource for economists, policymakers, and financial market participants.

Political Crises Social Conflict and Economic Development

Political Crises  Social Conflict and Economic Development Book
Author : Andrés Solimano
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 9781845425715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Political Crises, Social Conflict and Economic Development is a rare attempt to undertake comparative political economy analysis of the Andean region and thus represents a welcome contribution. . . It is clearly written and will engage scholars interested in Latin America from a wide range of disciplines. Jonathan di John, Journal of Agrarian Change This collection of essays on the political economy of the Andean region goes to the heart of the struggle these smaller economies face in completing crucial reforms and achieving higher growth. Andrés Solimano has brought together the best and the brightest talent from each country, the result being the most compelling analysis ever of how enclave development and a historical dependence on primary exports renders these countries distinctly Andean. As the essays argue, the political solutions and economic remedies must address this phenomenon, rather than mimicking those strategies of the larger emerging market countries in the region. Carol Wise, University of Southern California, US The contributors to this authoritative volume analyze the impact of political crises and social conflict on economic performance in the Andean region of Latin America. The blend of theory and case studies is also relevant for understanding other complex societies in the developing world and transition economies. The book provides illuminating insights on how to understand, and survive, the complicated interactions between volatile politics, unstable democracies, violence, social inequality and uneven economic performance. Recent political economy theories are combined with valuable quantitative and qualitative information on presidential crises, breakdowns of democracy, constitutional reforms, quality of institutions, and social inequality and exclusion to understand actual country realities. Part I provides the conceptual framework and a regional perspective of the book. Part II contains five political economy country studies Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela written by leading scholars in the field and former senior policymakers, including a former President. Together, the chapters highlight the detrimental effects of political instability and social conflict on economic growth and stability, as well as the feedback effects from poor economic performance on political instability and institutional fragility. The country studies warn that narrow economic reforms that do not pay adequate attention to politics, institutions and social structures are bound to fail in bringing lasting prosperity and stability to complex societies. Examining new and rich information on episodes of political turmoil, military interventions, forced presidential resignations, constitutional reforms and social uprisings, this book will be required reading for all those interested in the interface of politics and economic development.

The Public Sector in Latin America

The Public Sector in Latin America Book
Author : Alfred H. Saulniers
Publisher : University of Texas Inst of Latin
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Public Sector in Latin America book written by Alfred H. Saulniers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

World Social Report 2020

World Social Report 2020 Book
Author : Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 9210043677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report examines the links between inequality and other major global trends (or megatrends), with a focus on technological change, climate change, urbanization and international migration. The analysis pays particular attention to poverty and labour market trends, as they mediate the distributional impacts of the major trends selected. It also provides policy recommendations to manage these megatrends in an equitable manner and considers the policy implications, so as to reduce inequalities and support their implementation.