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Risky Decision Making In Psychological Disorders

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Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders Book
Author : Melissa Buelow
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-01
ISBN : 0128150033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders provides readers with a detailed examination of how risky decision making is affected by a wide array of individual psychological disorders. The book starts by providing important background information on the construct of risky decision making, the assessment of risky decision making, and the neuroscience behind such decision making. The Iowa Gambling Task, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, and other behavioral measures are covered, as are topics such as test reliability and the pros and cons of utilizing tasks that have strong practice effects. The book then moves into how risky decision making is affected by specific psychological disorders, such as addictive behaviors, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and more. Explores how risky decision making is affected by different psychological disorders Examines risky decision making and ADHD, psychosis, mood/anxiety disorders, and more Synthesizes the research on risky decision making Discusses merits/limitations of the Iowa Gambling Task and other behavioral measures Covers risky decision making and its associations with other executive functions

Behavioral and Dopaminergic Factors Associated with Risky Decision making in Rats Implications for Substance Abuse

Behavioral and Dopaminergic Factors Associated with Risky Decision making in Rats  Implications for Substance Abuse Book
Author : Daniel Gabriel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Excessive risky decision-making is common in multiple psychiatric disorders, including substance abuse disorder. The risky decision-making task (RDT) models addiction-relevant risk-taking in rats by measuring preference between a small reward and large reward associated with systematically increasing risk of shock. This Thesis examined the relationship between risk-taking in the RDT and multiple cognitive and neurobiological addiction-relevant phenotypes. Risk-taking was associated with elevated impulsive action, but not impulsive choice or habit formation. Furthermore, risk-taking predicted locomotor sensitivity to first-time nicotine exposure and resilience to nicotine-evoked anxiety. Finally, risk-taking was associated with elevated phasic dopamine release and sensitivity to the dopamine transporter inhibitor nomifensine in the nucleus accumbens. Collectively, these data demonstrate that risk preference in the RDT predicts a cluster of traits associated with substance abuse, and may have utility for identification of neurobiological and genetic biomarkers that engender addiction vulnerability.

Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology Book
Author : Ann M. Kring,Sheri L. Johnson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-03
ISBN : 1119705479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The focus of this book has always been on the balancing and blending of research and clinical application and on the effort to involve the learner in the problem solving engaged in by clinicians and scientists. We continue to emphasize an integrated approach, showing how psychopathology is best understood by considering multiple perspectives and how these varying perspectives can provide us with the clearest accounting of the causes of these disorders as well as the best possible treatments. With the fifteenth edition, we have once again emphasized the recent and comprehensive research coverage that has been the hallmark of the book. Of equal importance, however, we have worked to make the prose ever more accessible to a variety of students"--

Interamerican journal of psychology

Interamerican journal of psychology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Interamerican journal of psychology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Psychology

Psychology Book
Author : Douglas A. Bernstein
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third edition of a mid-to-high-level psychology text includes updated in-review boxes and features on linkages and thinking critically, and the linkage programme has been revised and streamlined for easier use. A new chapter on research methods provides an overview of the various ways in which psychologists study data, and establishes the research foundation for the remainder of the text. It illustrates the steps taken in evaluating a research issue and introduces critical thinking.

Testing the Dual system Theory of Decision making

Testing the Dual system Theory of Decision making Book
Author : Lisa Kluen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Making decisions is an essential part of life. The capability to discriminate between risky and safe or the ability to foresee long-term consequences of actions and thus change expectations through experience, are crucial in the process of making advantageous and strategic decisions in everyday life (Rothkirch, Schmack, Schlagenhauf, & Sterzer, 2012). Moreover, impaired decision-making has been found in patients suffering from lesions in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex as well as in different psychiatric disorders (Adida et al., 2011; Cella, Dymond, & Cooper, 2010; Malloy-Diniz, Neves, Abrantes, Fuentes, & Correa, 2009; Murphy et al., 2001). Improving our understanding of the mechanisms of normal and pathological decision-making is, therefore important. Different models have been developed to research and explain decision-making behavior. The somatic marker hypothesis (Bechara, 1997) proposed that, to be able to make advantageous decisions in uncertain situations, unconscious and automatic bodily signals (the so-called somatic markers) are critical (Bechara, 1997). More generally, the dual-system theory of decision-making (Evans, 2008; Kahneman, 2011) postulates that decision-making relies on two brain systems, one being unconscious, implicit and fast, and the second being conscious, explicit and effortful (Evans, 2008; Kahneman, 2011)The aim of the current work was to explore the implicit processes guiding decision-making, notably those immediately preceding a willed risky decision. To this aim, we used EEG and the Iowa Gambling Task in a group of 35 healthy participants. We identified a decision-preceding negativity (DPN) in the frontal and central area of the cortex. The results of the current study support the somatic marker hypothesis as well as the assumption that implicit processes support and guide decision-making behavior (Bechara, Damasio, Tranel, & Damasio, 2005). Additionally, these markers might be beneficial in future research investigating aberrant decision-making behavior in clinical populations. " --

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download American Book Publishing Record book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Medical Decision making in Individuals At risk for Alzheimer s Disease

Medical Decision making in Individuals At risk for Alzheimer s Disease Book
Author : Jeffrey Scott Roberts
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Medical Decision making in Individuals At risk for Alzheimer s Disease book written by Jeffrey Scott Roberts, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Essential Writings in Violence Risk Assessment and Management

Essential Writings in Violence Risk Assessment and Management Book
Author : Christopher D. Webster,Hy Bloom
Publisher : Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With Essential Writings in Violence Risk Assessment and Management, mental health and legal practitioners have quick access to the most important peer-reviewed writings in the field. The 31 journal articles and book chapters in this collection provide a complete foundational curriculum on the subject. Topics include: the historical shift from "dangerousness" to violence risk assessment the emergence of actuarial violence prediction clinical prediction and assessment the actuarial versus clinical controversy decision making treatments, security and program planning. Covering a field that crosses civil, forensic and correctional boundaries, this book is a valuable resource for clinicians, lawyers, judges, law enforcement officials, health and correctional administrators, journalists and anyone working in the forensic system. It is also of interest to anyone intrigued by how the forensic system assesses and manages people deemed to be violent, and how decision makers manage the often precarious balance between protecting the public and according the accused the greatest degree of freedom possible. The book's six main sections are preceded by introductions, written by the editors, that succinctly encapsulate the main arguments discussed by its contributors. Taken together, these introductions provide a concise summary of a complex topic."

Impulsivity

Impulsivity Book
Author : Jeffrey R. Stevens
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-29
ISBN : 331951721X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the 64th volume in the prestigious Nebraska Series on Motivation, this book focuses on impulsivity, a multi-faceted concept that encompasses such phenomena as the inability to wait, a tendency to act without forethought, insensitivity to consequences, and/or an inability to inhibit inappropriate behaviors. Due to this multi-faceted nature, it plays a critical role in a number of key behavioral problems, including pathological gambling, overeating, addiction, adolescent risk-taking, spread of sexually transmitted diseases, criminal behavior, financial decision making, and environmental attitudes. This broad and interdisciplinary scope has historically resulted in separate subfields studying impulsivity in relative isolation from one another. Therefore, a central achievement of this volume is to convey an integrative exploration of impulsivity. To provide a comprehensive and cohesive understanding of impulsivity, this volume brings together eminent scholars and rising researchers from different domains (developmental psychology, neuroscience, animal cognition, anthropology, addiction science), who use different techniques (behavioral assays, imaging, endocrinology, genetics). Moreover, it includes perspectives and analyses from the two primary types of impulsivity: impulsive choice (or decision making) and impulsive action (or disinhibition). The authors present expert analyses of topics such as delayed gratification, discounting models, and adaptive foraging decisions. Leveraging breadth of coverage and renowned scholarship, Impulsivity: How Time and Risk Influence Decision Making advances our understanding of this complex topic and sheds light on novel research directions and potential future collaborations.

Counseling for Effective Decision Making

Counseling for Effective Decision Making Book
Author : John J. Horan
Publisher : Brooks/Cole
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Counseling for Effective Decision Making book written by John J. Horan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Violent Offenders

Violent Offenders Book
Author : Vernon L. Quinsey,Grant T. Harris,Marnie E. Rice,Catherine A. Cormier
Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this new edition, the authors update their review, focusing on the actuarial instruments they developed and described earlier and on the measures they have continued to develop. In their lively style, they review the commentary on risk appraisal, addressing 20 of the most common arguments against actuarial risk appraisal. They clarify how to score items of the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG) and Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG), based on extensive inquiries from professionals who use these instruments in the field. Lastly, they provide a more detailed description of the development of the SORAG.

Relatives at Risk for Mental Disorder

Relatives at Risk for Mental Disorder Book
Author : David L. Dunner,Elliot S. Gershon,James Elmer Barrett
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Relatives at Risk for Mental Disorder book written by David L. Dunner,Elliot S. Gershon,James Elmer Barrett, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Suicide Across the Life Span

Suicide Across the Life Span Book
Author : Dave Capuzzi
Publisher : Amer Counseling Assn
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive in scope, this definitive guide offers a wealth ofdetailed information on topics such as identifying the risk factors for suicide; suicidal assessment; counseling techniques for work with children, adolescents, adults, and survivors and their families.

Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders

Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : American Psychiatric Association. Task Force on Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780890422021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders book written by American Psychiatric Association. Task Force on Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Psychology Themes and Variations

Psychology  Themes and Variations Book
Author : Wayne Weiten
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780495272106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Psychology Themes and Variations book written by Wayne Weiten, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

CNS Spectrums

CNS Spectrums Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CNS Spectrums book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Growing Up in Social Transition

Growing Up in Social Transition Book
Author : Anita Rubin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9789512916252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Growing Up in Social Transition book written by Anita Rubin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

At risk Youth

At risk Youth Book
Author : J. Jeffries McWhirter,Anna M McWhirter,Benedict McWhirter
Publisher : Brooks Cole
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely book addresses one of the biggest single problems facing society today--at-risk behavior in one quarter of our nation's youth--and provides strategies for prevention and treatment that can be implemented in the schools, in the homes, and by helping professionals in a variety of settings. Whether the term "at risk" is associated with a local school district's problems with child and adolescent suicide and school dropouts, the correction system's concerns about juvenile delinquency, or the health system's concerns with teen pregnancy, child abuse, and AIDS, the individuals labeled at-risk need the ongoing help of professional--and this book can set the stage.

Youth at Risk

Youth at Risk Book
Author : Dave Capuzzi,Douglas R. Gross
Publisher : Amer Counseling Assn
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fourth revision of this text offers both tested prevention strategies for work with diverse at-risk populations and counseling techniques that address the complexities of destructive behavior from individual, family, school, and community perspectives. Drawing on the wisdom of 24 experts, this book provides concrete advice for creating and maintaining environments in which children and adolescents can flourish. Chapters include: (1) "Defining Youth at Risk" (D.R. Gross and D. Capuzzi); (2) "Prevention: An Overview" (D. Capuzzi and D.R. Gross); (3) "Resilience" Individual, Family, School, and Community Perspectives" (R.E. Lewis); (4) "The Impact of Dysfunctional Family Dynamics on Children and Adolescents" (V.E. Appleton and C. Dykeman); (5) "'Who Cares What I Think': Problems of Low Self-Esteem" (S.S. Meggert); (6) "Preventing and Treating Depression and Bipolar Disorders in Children and Adolescents" (B.T. McWhirter and J.J. Burrow-Sanchez; (7) "Stress and Trauma: Coping in Today's Society" (R.D. Miars); (8) "The Secret and All-Consuming Obsessions: Eating Disorders" (K. Wright); (9) "Children Having Children: Teenage Pregnancy and Parenthood" (M. Haley and A. Sherwood-Hawes); (10) "A Future in Jeopardy: Adolescents and AIDS" (L.A Gray, D.A. Champeau, and R.M. House); (11) "'I Don't Want to Live': The Adolescent at Risk for Suicidal Behavior" (D. Capuzzi and D.R. Gross); (12) "'I Am Somebody': Gang Membership" (S.C. Burnham); (13) "Counseling Queer Youth: Preventing Another Matthew Shepard Story" (F.J. Gutierrez); (14) "Death in the Classroom: Violence in Schools" (A. Finn); (15) "'I Can't Live Without It': Adolescent Substance Abuse" (C.J. Gagliardi, A.M. Gloria, S.E.R. Kurpius, and C. Lambert); (16) "Nowhere to Turn: Homeless Youth" (M. Stormont); (17) "'This Isn't the Place for Me': School Dropout" (M.A. Hermann). Each chapter contains extensive references. (GCP).