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Risky Decision Making In Psychological Disorders

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Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders Book
Author : Melissa Buelow
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07
ISBN : 0128150025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders provides readers with a detailed examination of how risky decision making is affected by a wide array of individual psychological disorders. The book starts by providing important background information on the construct of risky decision making, the assessment of risky decision making, and the neuroscience behind such decision making. The Iowa Gambling Task, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, and other behavioral measures are covered, as are topics such as test reliability and the pros and cons of utilizing tasks that have strong practice effects. The book then moves into how risky decision making is affected by specific psychological disorders, such as addictive behaviors, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and more.

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders Book
Author : Melissa Buelow
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-01
ISBN : 0128150033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders provides readers with a detailed examination of how risky decision making is affected by a wide array of individual psychological disorders. The book starts by providing important background information on the construct of risky decision making, the assessment of risky decision making, and the neuroscience behind such decision making. The Iowa Gambling Task, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, and other behavioral measures are covered, as are topics such as test reliability and the pros and cons of utilizing tasks that have strong practice effects. The book then moves into how risky decision making is affected by specific psychological disorders, such as addictive behaviors, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and more. Explores how risky decision making is affected by different psychological disorders Examines risky decision making and ADHD, psychosis, mood/anxiety disorders, and more Synthesizes the research on risky decision making Discusses merits/limitations of the Iowa Gambling Task and other behavioral measures Covers risky decision making and its associations with other executive functions

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 0309049393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.

Judgment Decision Making and Embodied Choices

Judgment  Decision Making  and Embodied Choices Book
Author : Markus Raab
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-14
ISBN : 0128235608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Judgment, Decision-Making, and Embodied Choices introduces a new concept of embodied choices which take sensorimotor experiences into account when limited time and resources forces a person to make a quick decision. This book combines areas of cognitive psychology and movement science, presenting an integrative approach to understanding human functioning in everyday scenarios. This is the first book focusing on the role of the gut as a second brain, introducing the link to risky behavior. The book's author engages readers by providing real-life experiences and scenarios connecting theory to practice. Discusses the role of gut feelings and the brain-gut behavior connection Demonstrates that behavior influences decision and other people’s perceptions about mood or character Includes research on medical decisions and shopping decisions Illustrates how to train embodied choices

The Oxford Handbook of Impulse Control Disorders

The Oxford Handbook of Impulse Control Disorders Book
Author : Jon E. Grant,Marc N. Potenza
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-08-29
ISBN : 0195389719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research in the area of impulse control disorders has expanded exponentially. The Oxford Handbook of Impulse Control Disorders provides researchers and clinicians with a clear understanding of the developmental, biological, and phenomenological features of a range of impulse control disorders, as well as detailed approaches to their treatment.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Book
Author : American Psychiatric Association
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9780890425756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-5-TR), is the most comprehensive, current, and critical resource for clinical practice available to todays mental health clinicians and researchers. DSM-5-TR includes the fully revised text and references, updated diagnostic criteria and ICD-10-CM codes since DSM-5 was published in 2013. It features a new disorder, Prolonged Grief Disorder, as well as codes for suicidal behavior available to all clinicians of any discipline without the requirement of any other diagnosis. With contributions from over 200 subject matter experts, this updated volume boasts the most current text updates based on the scientific literature. Now in four-color and with the ability to authenticate each printed copy, DSM-5-TR provides a cohesive, updated presentation of criteria, diagnostic codes, and text. This latest volume offers a common language for clinicians involved in the diagnosis and study of mental disorders and facilitates an objective assessment of symptom presentations across a variety of clinical settings--inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, consultation-liaison, clinical, private practice, and primary care. Stay current with these important updates in DSM-5-TR: Fully revised text for each disorder with updated sections on associated features, prevalence, development and course, risk and prognostic factors, culture, diagnostic markers, suicide, differential diagnosis, and more. Addition of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) to Section II--a new disorder for diagnosis Over 70 modified criteria sets with helpful clarifications since publication of DSM-5 Fully updated Introduction and Use of the Manual to guide usage and provide context for important terminology Considerations of the impact of racism and discrimination on mental disorders integrated into the text New codes to flag and monitor suicidal behavior, available to all clinicians of any discipline and without the requirement of any other diagnosis Fully updated ICD-10-CM codes implemented since 2013, including over 50 coding updates new to DSM-5-TR for substance intoxication and withdrawal and other disorders Updated and redesigned Diagnostic Classification This manual is a valuable resource for other physicians and health professionals, including psychologists, counselors, nurses, and occupational and rehabilitation therapists, as well as social workers and forensic and legal specialists. The new DSM-5-TR is the most definitive resource for the diagnosis and classification of mental disorders.

The Adolescent Brain

The Adolescent Brain Book
Author : Valerie F. Reyna (Ed),Sandra B. Chapman,Jere Confrey,Michael R.. Dougherty
Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contributors reveal new findings about the basic mechanisms underlying brain development, with particular reference to mathematical reasoning as well as to decision-making in a variety of situations.

The Social Determinants of Mental Health

The Social Determinants of Mental Health Book
Author : Michael T. Compton,Ruth S. Shim
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release : 2015-04-01
ISBN : 1585625175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Social Determinants of Mental Health aims to fill the gap that exists in the psychiatric, scholarly, and policy-related literature on the social determinants of mental health: those factors stemming from where we learn, play, live, work, and age that impact our overall mental health and well-being. The editors and an impressive roster of chapter authors from diverse scholarly backgrounds provide detailed information on topics such as discrimination and social exclusion; adverse early life experiences; poor education; unemployment, underemployment, and job insecurity; income inequality, poverty, and neighborhood deprivation; food insecurity; poor housing quality and housing instability; adverse features of the built environment; and poor access to mental health care. This thought-provoking book offers many beneficial features for clinicians and public health professionals: Clinical vignettes are included, designed to make the content accessible to readers who are primarily clinicians and also to demonstrate the practical, individual-level applicability of the subject matter for those who typically work at the public health, population, and/or policy level. Policy implications are discussed throughout, designed to make the content accessible to readers who work primarily at the public health or population level and also to demonstrate the policy relevance of the subject matter for those who typically work at the clinical level. All chapters include five to six key points that focus on the most important content, helping to both prepare the reader with a brief overview of the chapter's main points and reinforce the "take-away" messages afterward. In addition to the main body of the book, which focuses on selected individual social determinants of mental health, the volume includes an in-depth overview that summarizes the editors' and their colleagues' conceptualization, as well as a final chapter coauthored by Dr. David Satcher, 16th Surgeon General of the United States, that serves as a "Call to Action," offering specific actions that can be taken by both clinicians and policymakers to address the social determinants of mental health. The editors have succeeded in the difficult task of balancing the individual/clinical/patient perspective and the population/public health/community point of view, while underscoring the need for both groups to work in a unified way to address the inequities in twenty-first century America. The Social Determinants of Mental Health gives readers the tools to understand and act to improve mental health and reduce risk for mental illnesses for individuals and communities. Students preparing for the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) will also benefit from this book, as the MCAT in 2015 will test applicants' knowledge of social determinants of health. The social determinants of mental health are not distinct from the social determinants of physical health, although they deserve special emphasis given the prevalence and burden of poor mental health.

Co occurring Addictive and Psychiatric Disorders

Co occurring Addictive and Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Geert Dom,Franz Moggi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-24
ISBN : 3642453759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive, state of the art overview that covers both the diagnosis and the treatment of dual disorders – joint psychiatric and substance use disorders associated with a worse outcome and disease progression than single psychiatric or addictive disorders. The book is designed to be highly relevant to clinical work and the organization of care systems and meets the real need for a European perspective on dual disorders that takes into account the realities of European treatment organization. All chapters have been written by European authors on the basis of existing European treatment programs or guidelines and European research. The book will be invaluable for all health professionals working in mental health and addiction care, who are increasingly confronted with patients suffering from dual disorders.

Common Mental Health Disorders

Common Mental Health Disorders Book
Author : National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (Great Britain)
Publisher : RCPsych Publications
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781908020314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together treatment and referral advice from existing guidelines, this text aims to improve access to services and recognition of common mental health disorders in adults and provide advice on the principles that need to be adopted to develop appropriate referral and local care pathways.

Research with High risk Populations

Research with High risk Populations Book
Author : David A. Buchanan,David Ross Buchanan,Celia B. Fisher,Lance Gable
Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides in-depth analyses and guidance to social scientists regarding ethical and legal responsibilities that may arise in the course of conducting research with high-risk populations and in responding appropriately to threats of suicide, child abuse, and violence that may arise during the course of data collection. These discussions offer valuable lessons both for researchers who are planning to investigate the etiology of these particular problems and for researchers who may be confronted with similar threats of harm while investigating other health concerns such as HIV/AIDS or substance abuse. Because of the paucity of informed analyses of this critical topic area, researchers now find themselves caught between contradictory assumptions about the nature of the risks involved in descriptive research with populations at risk of violence and other harms. On the one hand, the traditional view has been that descriptive research poses minimal risk, as it is completely unlike medical experiments in which participants are exposed to novel experimental treatments. One common view is that if the research involves merely asking people questions, then the ethical risk of such research is limited to the harms that could emerge if confidential information were to be inadvertently disclosed. On the other hand, research with high-risk populations raises acute and appropriate questions for investigators, institutional review boards (IRBs), and other interested parties about a duty to protect: When or at what point does the threat of harm, such as suicide, child abuse, or violence, warrant overriding confidentiality protections?"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).

Personalized Psychiatry

Personalized Psychiatry Book
Author : Bernhard Baune
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128131772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personalized Psychiatry presents the first book to explore this novel field of biological psychiatry that covers both basic science research and its translational applications. The book conceptualizes personalized psychiatry and provides state-of-the-art knowledge on biological and neuroscience methodologies, all while integrating clinical phenomenology relevant to personalized psychiatry and discussing important principles and potential models. It is essential reading for advanced students and neuroscience and psychiatry researchers who are investigating the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. Combines neurobiology with basic science methodologies in genomics, epigenomics and transcriptomics Demonstrates how the statistical modeling of interacting biological and clinical information could transform the future of psychiatry Addresses fundamental questions and requirements for personalized psychiatry from a basic research and translational perspective

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download American Book Publishing Record book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The American Psychologist

The American Psychologist Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes proceedings of the 54th-55th annual meetings of the association, 1946-47 and proceedings of meetings of various regional psychological associations.

Judgment and Decision Making

Judgment and Decision Making Book
Author : Baruch Fischhoff
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1136497331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Behavioral decision research offers a distinctive approach to understanding and improving decision making. It combines theory and method from multiple disciples (psychology, economics, statistics, decision theory, management science). It employs both empirical methods, to study how decisions are actually made, and analytical ones, to study how decisions should be made and how consequential imperfections are. This book brings together key publications, selected to represent the major topics and approaches used in the field. Put in one place, with integrating commentary, it shows the common elements in a research program that represents the scope of the field, while offering depth in each. Together, they provide a vision for what has become a burgeoning field.

Interamerican journal of psychology

Interamerican journal of psychology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Interamerican journal of psychology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Psychology

Psychology Book
Author : Douglas A. Bernstein
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third edition of a mid-to-high-level psychology text includes updated in-review boxes and features on linkages and thinking critically, and the linkage programme has been revised and streamlined for easier use. A new chapter on research methods provides an overview of the various ways in which psychologists study data, and establishes the research foundation for the remainder of the text. It illustrates the steps taken in evaluating a research issue and introduces critical thinking.

Impulsivity

Impulsivity Book
Author : Christopher D. Webster,Margaret A. Jackson
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 1997-06-20
ISBN : 9781572302259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Impulsivity features prominently in contemporary descriptions of many psychiatric disorders, and is also a key element in the clinical risk assessment of violence. Thoroughly examining the nature, assessment, and treatment of impulsive conduct, this up-to-date volume brings together contributions from prominent researchers and clinicians in both mental health and correctional settings. Chapters illuminate our current understanding of impulsive behavior from conceptual, legal, and biological perspectives, and address the challenges of describing and measuring it. With special emphasis on how the likelihood of future violent or destructive behavior can best be gauged in specific cases, the volume includes several newly developed risk assessment tools. Impulsivity also provides an invaluable overview of the current state of the research and delineates a broad, clinically pertinent agenda for future study. Impulsivity is an invaluable resource for clinicians working in private practice, correctional facilities, health care settings, and community-based programs. It also serves as a primary or supplementary text for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level courses.

Legislative Process Representation and Decision making

Legislative Process  Representation  and Decision making Book
Author : Universal Reference System,Alfred De Grazia,John B. Simeone
Publisher : Princeton, N.J. : Princeton Research Publishing Company
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Legislative Process Representation and Decision making book written by Universal Reference System,Alfred De Grazia,John B. Simeone, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Analyzing the Role of Cognitive Biases in the Decision Making Process

Analyzing the Role of Cognitive Biases in the Decision Making Process Book
Author : Juárez Ramos, Verónica
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 1522529799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision making or making judgments is an essential function in the ordinary life of any individual. Decisions can often be made easily, but sometimes, it can be difficult due to conflict, uncertainty, or ambiguity of the variables required to make the decision. As human beings, we constantly have to decide between different activities such as occupational, recreational, political, economic, etc. These decisions can be transcendental or inconsequential. Analyzing the Role of Cognitive Biases in the Decision-Making Process presents comprehensive research focusing on cognitive shortcuts in the decision-making process. While highlighting topics including jumping to conclusion bias, personality traits, and theoretical models, this book is ideally designed for mental health professionals, psychologists, sociologists, managers, academicians, researchers, and upper-level students seeking current research on cognitive biases that affect individual decision making in daily life.