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Risk Factors For Psychosis

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Risk Factors for Psychosis

Risk Factors for Psychosis Book
Author : Andrew Thompson,Matthew Broome
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-22
ISBN : 0128132027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk Factors for Psychosis: Paradigms, Mechanisms, and Prevention combines the related, but disparate research endeavors into a single text that considers all risk factors for psychosis, including biological, psychological and environmental factors. The book also introduces the ethics and current treatment evidence that attempts to ameliorate risk or reduce the number of individuals with risk factors developing a psychotic disorder. Finally, the book highlights new research paradigms that will further enhance the field in the future. Psychotic disorders affect more than 50 million people worldwide, creating a devastating effect on lives and causing major financial and emotional impact on families and on society as a whole. The search for risk factors for psychosis has developed rapidly over the past decades, invigorated by changes in the thinking about the malleability and treatability of psychotic disorders. The paradigms for investigating psychosis risk have developed, often in parallel, but there has been no book to date that has summarized and synthesized the current approaches. Integrates research from biological, psychological and environmental factors into a single resource Offers insight into at-risk paradigms, biomarkers, and the current state of research on treatment option for psychosis Presents a holistic and dynamic look at risk syndromes and how they can be measured through neuroimaging, neuropsychology and other methods

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 0309049393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia Book
Author : Wolfram an der Heiden,Johannes Schröder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-11-29
ISBN : 9783798513655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volume contains the lectures of the symposium on "Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia - towards a conceptual Model of the Disease Process", which was held at the International Science Forum of the University of Heidelberg on October, 2001. The topics of the program were "Genetic risk factors and gene environment interaction", "Psychotic and negative symptoms in the general population as risk-factors", "Etiological risk factors in embryonal life, childhood and adolescence", "Prepsychotic prodromi and stage models of the development of psychosis", "Brain development, structural and functional morphology of the early course", "Urban versus rural life, migration and social chains as causal risk factors?", "Psychological and neurobiological (estrogen, erythropoietine) protective factors". The book covers a wide scope of recent research and knowledge about schizophrenia.

First Episode Psychosis

First Episode Psychosis Book
Author : Katherine J. Aitchison,Robin M. Murray,Patrick J. R. Power,Eva M. Tsapakis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-02-17
ISBN : 9781853174353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of this popular handbook has been thoroughly updated to include the latest data concerning treatment of first-episode patients. Drawing from their experience, the authors discuss the presentation and assessment of the first psychotic episode and review the appropriate use of antipsychotic agents and psychosocial approaches in effective management.

International Perspectives in Values Based Mental Health Practice

International Perspectives in Values Based Mental Health Practice Book
Author : Drozdstoy Stoyanov,Bill Fulford,Giovanni Stanghellini,Werdie Van Staden,Michael TH Wong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-11
ISBN : 3030478521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book offers essential information on values-based practice (VBP): the clinical skills involved, teamwork and person-centered care, links between values and evidence, and the importance of partnerships in shared decision-making. Different cultures have different values; for example, partnership in decision-making looks very different, from the highly individualized perspective of European and North American cultures to the collective and family-oriented perspectives common in South East Asia. In turn, African cultures offer yet another perspective, one that falls between these two extremes (called batho pele). The book will benefit everyone concerned with the practical challenges of delivering mental health services. Accordingly, all contributions are developed on the basis of case vignettes, and cover a range of situations in which values underlie tensions or uncertainties regarding how to proceed in clinical practice. Examples include the patient’s autonomy and best interest, the physician’s commitment to establishing high standards of clinical governance, clinical versus community best interest, institutional versus clinical interests, patients insisting on medically unsound but legal treatments etc. Thus far, VBP publications have mainly dealt with clinical scenarios involving individual values (of clinicians and patients). Our objective with this book is to develop a model of VBP that is culturally much broader in scope. As such, it offers a vital resource for mental health stakeholders in an increasingly inter-connected world. It also offers opportunities for cross-learning in values-based practice between cultures with very different clinical care traditions.

Re Visioning Psychiatry

Re Visioning Psychiatry Book
Author : Laurence J. Kirmayer,Robert Lemelson,Constance A. Cummings
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-07-29
ISBN : 1107032202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revisioning Psychiatry brings together new perspectives on the causes and treatment of mental health problems. The contributors emphasize the importance of understanding experience and explore how the brain, the person, and the social world interact to give rise to mental health problems as well as resilience and recovery.

The Recognition and Management of Early Psychosis

The Recognition and Management of Early Psychosis Book
Author : Patrick D. McGorry,Henry J. Jackson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1999-07-28
ISBN : 1139429140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The treatment of early psychosis has been bedevilled by an entrenched pessimism, stemming from the asylum era and the Kraepelinian model of schizophrenia. More recently, however, there has been a surge of interest in preventively oriented treatment of patients showing the first signs of psychotic illness, with the realization that these illnesses are frequently highly responsive to early treatment. This is the first text to focus on the potential of early detection of psychosis, and the practicalities of treatment. Based on the pioneering experience and research of a now well-established prevention and intervention centre, and with contributions from international authorities, the book outlines a framework for intervention, reviews the evidence available to guide clinical practice, and describes models of treatment. Incorporating many personal narratives and case histories, it is strong on theory, sensitive on practical issues, and will challenge, inform and guide clinicians.

The Epidemiology of Schizophrenia

The Epidemiology of Schizophrenia Book
Author : Robin M. Murray,Peter B. Jones,Ezra Susser,Jim Van Os,Mary Cannon
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-11-28
ISBN : 1139439480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An international team of leading researchers and clinicians here provide a comprehensive, epidemiological overview of this multi-faceted and still perplexing disorder, and address some of the key questions it raises. How important in the genetic contribution to schizophrenia? Do pregnancy and birth complications increase the risk for schizophrenia? Is the incidence of schizophrenia changing? Why is the rate higher among immigrants and in those born in cities? Controversial issues such as the validity of discrete or dimensional classifications of schizophrenia and the continuum between psychosis and 'normality' are explored in depth, and separate chapters are devoted to topics of particular relevance to schizophrenia such as suicide, violence and substance abuse. Finally, new prospects for treatment and prevention are considered. Drawing together the findings from social, genetic, developmental and classical epidemiology of schizophrenia, this text will prove an invaluable resource for clinicians and researchers.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia Book
Author : Debbie Ernest,Olga Vuksic,Ashley Shepard-Smith
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-09
ISBN : 9781770526198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guide for people with schizophrenia and their families discusses symptoms, causes and treatment of schizophrenia, and how family members can support the person with schizophrenia and take care of themselves.

Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry IV

Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry IV Book
Author : Kenneth S. Kendler,Josef Parnas
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-03-24
ISBN : 0192515527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revisions of both DSM-IV and ICD-10 have again focused the interest of the field of psychiatry and clinical psychology on the issue of nosology. This interest has been further heightened by a series of controversies associated with the development of DSM-5 including the fate of proposed revisions of the personality disorders, bereavement, and the autism spectrum. Major debate arose within the DSM process about the criteria for changing criteria, leading to the creation of first the Scientific Review Committee and then a series of other oversight committees which weighed in on the final debates on the most controversial proposed additions to DSM-5, providing important influences on the final decisions. Contained within these debates were a range of conceptual and philosophical issues. Some of these - such as the definition of mental disorder or the problems of psychiatric " - have been with the field for a long time. Others - the concept of epistemic iteration as a framework for the introduction of nosologic change - are quite new. This book reviews issues within psychiatric nosology from clinical, historical and particularly philosophical perspectives. The book brings together a range of distinguished authors - including major psychiatric researchers, clinicians, historians and especially nosologists - including several leaders of the DSM-5 effort and the DSM Steering Committee. It also includes contributions from psychologists with a special interest in psychiatric nosology and philosophers with a wide range of orientations. The book is organized into four major sections: The first explores the nature of psychiatric illness and the way in which it is defined, including clinical and psychometric perspectives. The second section examines problems in the reification of psychiatric diagnostic criteria, the problem of psychiatric epidemics, and the nature and definition of individual symptoms. The third section explores the concept of epistemic iteration as a possible governing conceptual framework for the revision efforts for official psychiatric nosologies such as DSM and ICD and the problems of validation of psychiatric diagnoses. The book ends by exploring how we might move from the descriptive to the etiologic in psychiatric diagnoses, the nature of progress in psychiatric research, and the possible benefits of moving to a living document (or continuous improvement) model for psychiatric nosologic systems. The result is a book that captures the dynamic cross-disciplinary interactions that characterize the best work in the philosophy of psychiatry.

A Concise Guide to Understanding Suicide

A Concise Guide to Understanding Suicide Book
Author : Stephen H. Koslow,Pedro Ruiz,Charles B. Nemeroff
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-09-18
ISBN : 1107033233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A concise review of current research into suicide providing a guide to understanding this disease and its increasing incidence globally.

Secondary Schizophrenia

Secondary Schizophrenia Book
Author : Perminder S. Sachdev,Matcheri S. Keshavan
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-02-04
ISBN : 1139485229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Schizophrenia may not be a single disease, but the result of a diverse set of related conditions. Modern neuroscience is beginning to reveal some of the genetic and environmental underpinnings of schizophrenia; however, an approach less well travelled is to examine the medical disorders that produce symptoms resembling schizophrenia. This book is the first major attempt to bring together the diseases that produce what has been termed 'secondary schizophrenia'. International experts from diverse backgrounds ask the questions: does this medical disorder, or drug, or condition cause psychosis? If yes, does it resemble schizophrenia? What mechanisms form the basis of this relationship? What implications does this understanding have for aetiology and treatment? The answers are a feast for clinicians and researchers of psychosis and schizophrenia. They mark the next step in trying to meet the most important challenge to modern neuroscience – understanding and conquering this most mysterious of human diseases.

First Episode Psychosis

First Episode Psychosis Book
Author : Camh,Donna Czuchta,Kathryn Ryan,Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Publisher : Centre for Addiction & Mental
Release : 1999-01-01
ISBN : 9780888683380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychosis refers to a loss of contact with reality, in which people have trouble distinguishing between what is real and what is not. A first episode of psychosis is usually very frightening, confusing and distressing. This guide discusses: the causes, symptoms and different kinds of psychosis treatment and recovery, including information on psychotherapy, medication, vocational counselling and case management family involvement. This accessible and concise guide explains what psychosis is and how it can be managed and treated.

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia Book
Author : Heinz Häfner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642575161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

H. HAFNER Schizophrenia Research Unit, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany The present volume contains the lectures and invited discussions of the sympo sium on "Risk and protective factors in schizophrenia - towards a conceptual model of the disease process", which was held at the International Science Forum of the University of Heidelberg from October 25 to 27, 200l. They are supple mented by a "Summary and outlook", in which Peter Jones gives a brief overview of the results and perspectives featured in the presentations and discussions. The contributions and discussions reflect the open-minded and creative atmosphere at the meeting. The systematically structured program of the symposium continued the tradition of the Search for the Causes of Schizophrenia symposia, which were th started in 1986 on the occasion of the 600 anniversary of the University of Hei delberg and which are co-organized with Prof. Wagner Farid Gattaz/Sao Paulo. The aim of these symposia and their proceedings volumes [6,8-10] has been to reflect the state of the art in schizophrenia research at their time, and they have successfully done so. In contrast, the present symposium pursued a more lim ited objective and was of a different type. It brought together, around a large table at the International Science Forum in Heidelberg, 22 invited speakers and dis cussants and an equal number of young scientists working in the research fields in question, who were thus given an opportunity to listen and to participate.

Women and Psychosis

Women and Psychosis Book
Author : Pamela Blake,April Collins,Mary Violette Seeman
Publisher : Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Release : 2016-02-01
ISBN : 9781770526358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This guide explains what psychosis is, what the recovery process in like, especially for women, how psychosis affects family and friends and how a women with psychosis can manage her future."--

Psychotic Disorders E Book

Psychotic Disorders   E Book Book
Author : André Barciela Veras,Jeffrey P. Kahn
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-10-24
ISBN : 032368310X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A counterintuitive and novel approach to the long-sought goal of subtyping schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders emerges from ongoing research.? Five psychosis associated anxiety and depressive subtypes each help define five corresponding psychosis diagnoses, their fixed false beliefs, and most importantly, their treatments. These anxiety and depressive comorbidities have long been long overlooked as an understandable hodgepodge of distressing symptoms caused by the pain of psychosis.? But these five comorbidities usually precede onset of the psychosis, and their treatment can significantly improve outcome. So, maybe, the causation is the other way around: maybe they are among the underlying contributors to schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. The chapter authors expertly detail the data supporting this innovative approach.? They provide fictional case studies, DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, specific interviewing approaches for the five comorbidities in psychosis patients, and improved treatment options.? Other chapters explore psychoses related to substance use, medical illness and medical treatment, as well as other factors that contribute to psychotic disorders. This first-of-its-kind reference is a valuable clinical, educational, research and training resource for psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, social workers, neurologists and anyone interested in the care and treatment of someone with a psychotic disorder. Reflects current research, diagnosis, and treatment options for: Schizophrenia with Voices and Panic Anxiety Obsessive-Compulsive Schizophrenia and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Persecutory Delusional Disorder and Social Anxiety Delusional Depression and Melancholic Depression Bipolar I Disorder and Atypical Depression Substance Use Psychoses Medical Illness and Iatrogenic Psychoses Covers treatment options and outcomes with medication and psychotherapy.? Includes sample patient interview approaches and/or biological tests for each diagnosis. Highlights symptoms, quasi-psychotic symptoms and secondary signs of the comorbidities when alone, and when in conjunction with psychosis. Reviews diagnosis-specific significance and contributory roles of neurotransmitters, hypofrontality, psychological trauma, and genetics.

Fast Facts Psychosis in Parkinson s Disease

Fast Facts  Psychosis in Parkinson s Disease Book
Author : J.H. Friedman,C. Ballard
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2019-05-07
ISBN : 1912776286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychosis affects nearly 50% of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). It is a major therapeutic challenge, as a balance needs to be found between the PD medications that can exacerbate psychotic symptoms and the antipsychotics that may worsen motor function. Focusing on the most common side effects of PD medications, namely visual hallucinations and delusions, this highly readable handbook will increase readers’ awareness of: • the various presentations of psychosis in PD • modifiable risk factors • prescribing that balances the benefits and potential harms. Detailed case studies and evidence-based guidance for practical application make 'Fast Facts: Psychosis in Parkinson’s Disease' an invaluable resource for all healthcare professionals responsible for the outpatient care of patients with PD, including neurologists, psychiatrists, geriatricians, psychiatric nurse practitioners, specialist PD nurses and primary care providers.

Psychosis with Coexisting Substance Misuse

Psychosis with Coexisting Substance Misuse Book
Author : National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (Great Britain)
Publisher : RCPsych Publications
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781908020307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text sets out clear recommendations for healthcare staff (based on the best available evidence) on how to assess and manage adults and young people (aged 14+) who have both psychosis and a substance misuse problem, in order to integrate treatment for both conditions and thus improve their care.

Psychosis

Psychosis Book
Author : Floriana Irtelli,Enrico Vincenti
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-10-17
ISBN : 1789840198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects chapters from a number of scientists all over the world, giving their contribution to the comprehension and clinical management of psychosis. The book adopts a perspective that respects the complexity of the human person and his/her relationships. It devotes a space both to the deepening of the more strictly biological aspects, the psychological aspects and the social aspects. Each section of the book (biological, psychological, social) reveals a deep connection with the themes of the other sections, showing the strength of this biopsychosocial interweaving. The relationship and the interweaving between these different areas is certainly a foundation of our existence and constitutes a law to which we cannot escape, so it is necessary that the biopsyosocial model is always considered in the interventions for the psychotic patient. This book also focuses on some specific and very innovative topics such as the importance of psychosocial factors and family factors, complementary approaches to psychosis managment, subclinical psychosis and relational aspects of psychosis.

Psychosis in the Elderly

Psychosis in the Elderly Book
Author : Anne M. Hassett,David Ames,Edmond Chiu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-06-20
ISBN : 9780203336984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Across the spectrum of psychopathology in later life, psychotic symptomatology has been the most neglected, and although literature in this area is increasing, this is the first book to address the need for an overarching framework to examine and understand late-life psychotic phenomena. Exploring the practical and ethical issues that arise when managing psychotic elderly patients in the community, as well as the sequelae of stigmatisation and carer stress, this text brings together the latest research findings on schizophrenia as it presents in later life covers the frequent comorbidity of psychotic symptoms with cognitive impairment, mood disturbance and physical illness highlights the diversity of late-life psychotic symptomatology, discussing both aetiological considerations and management strategies