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Risk Assessment For Human Metal Exposures

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Risk Assessment for Human Metal Exposures

Risk Assessment for Human Metal Exposures Book
Author : Gunnar F. Nordberg,Bruce A. Fowler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 0128042680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk Assessment for Human Metal Exposures: Mode of Action and Kinetic Approaches examines the current principles of risk assessment in human metal exposures, with a focus on Mode of Action(MOA), Toxicokinetic and Toxicodynamic (TKTD) considerations, and computer models. Derived from the highly respected Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, Fourth Edition (2014), the book summarizes principles and methods and provides examples of how MOA –TKTD can be used. In addition, it presents tactics on how information generated by such methods can be confirmed by epidemiological data. Furthermore, it demonstrates how epidemiological data can be confirmed and evaluated by the examined models and considerations. This resource uniquely integrates several important topics, such as risk assessment, characterization, management and communication—the classic risk assessment paradigm—with mode of action, TKTD, and epidemiology, all topics related to human exposure. Written by pioneers in the field, this book is an essential reference for researchers, students and technicians in toxicology and risk assessment. Covers fundamental risk assessment concerns for the effects of metals on human health Provides an easy-to-use structure to quickly locate specific methods Uses case studies to illustrate the methods and theories described Written to be understood by students, researchers and industry workers who need to conduct risk assessment in metals and human health

Issue Paper on Metal Exposure Assessment

Issue Paper on Metal Exposure Assessment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Issue Paper on Metal Exposure Assessment book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nordic comments on the Health Risk Assessment Guidance for Metals

Nordic comments on the Health Risk Assessment Guidance for Metals Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9289315725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nordic comments on the Health Risk Assessment Guidance for Metals book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Heavy Metal Pollution and Effects on Child Mental Development

Environmental Heavy Metal Pollution and Effects on Child Mental Development Book
Author : Lubomir I. Simeonov,Mihail V. Kochubovski,Biana G. Simeonova
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-12-14
ISBN : 9400702531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heavy metals can be emitted into environment by both natural and anthropogenic sources, mainly mining and industrial activity. Human exposure occurs through all environmental media. Infants are more susceptible to the adverse effects of exposure. Increasing attention is now being paid to the mental development of children exposed to heavy metals. The purpose of this book is to evaluate the existing knowledge on intellectual impairment in children exposed to heavy metals in their living environment and to identify the research needs in order to obtain a clearer picture of the situation in countries and regions at risk, in which the economy is closely related to metallurgy and heavy metals emission, and to recommend a strategy for human protection. In greater detail the main objectives could be formulated as follows: to review the principal sources of single, and complex mixtures of, heavy metal pollutants in the environment; to identify suitable methodology for chemical analyses in the environment and in humans; to evaluate the existing methods for measuring mental impairment, including their reliability and validity; to recommend a standard testing protocol to be used in future research; to assess the future role of environmental heavy metal pollution in countries and regions at risk and its effects on children’s neurological development; to recommend a prevention strategy for protecting children’s health and development.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals Book
Author : Monica Nordberg,Gunnar F. Nordberg,Bruce A. Fowler,Lars Friberg
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-28
ISBN : 9780080546100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of the Toxicology of Metals is the standard reference work for physicians, toxicologists and engineers in the field of environmental and occupational health. This new edition is a comprehensive review of the effects on biological systems from metallic elements and their compounds. An entirely new structure and illustrations represent the vast array of advancements made since the last edition. Special emphasis has been placed on the toxic effects in humans with chapters on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of metal poisoning. This up-to-date reference provides easy access to a broad range of basic toxicological data and also gives a general introduction to the toxicology of metallic compounds. * Covers up-to-date toxicological information on 31 metallic elements and their compounds, each in a separate chapter * New chapters on general chemistry, biological monitoring and biomarkers, essential metals, principles for prevention of the toxic effects of metals, and more

Infrastructure and Systems for Risk Assessment of Metal and Metal Compounds on Human Health

Infrastructure and Systems for Risk Assessment of Metal and Metal Compounds on Human Health Book
Author : Dave K. Verma,Jim A. Julian,David C. F. Muir
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Infrastructure and Systems for Risk Assessment of Metal and Metal Compounds on Human Health book written by Dave K. Verma,Jim A. Julian,David C. F. Muir, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals Book
Author : Gunnar F. Nordberg,Bruce A. Fowler,Monica Nordberg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-08-07
ISBN : 0123973392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, Fourth Edition bridges the gap between established knowledgebase and new advances in metal toxicology to provide one essential reference for all those involved in the field. This book provides comprehensive coverage of basic toxicological data, emphasizing toxic effects primarily in humans, but also those of animals and biological systems in vitro. The fourth edition also contains several new chapters on important topics such as nanotoxicology, metals in prosthetics and dental implants, gene-environment interaction, neurotoxicology, metals in food, renal, cardiovascular, and diabetes effects of metal exposures and more. Volume I covers “General Considerations and Volume II is devoted to “Specific Metals. A multidisciplinary resource with contributions from internationally-recognized experts, the fourth edition of the Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals is a prominent and indispensable reference for toxicologists, physicians, pharmacologists, engineers, and all those involved in the toxicity of metals. Contains 61 peer reviewed chapters dealing with the effects of metallic elements and their compounds on biological systems Includes information on sources, transport and transformation of metals in the environment and on certain aspects of the ecological effects of metals to provide a basis for better understanding of the potential for adverse effects on human health Covers the toxicology of metallic nanomaterials in a new comprehensive chapter Metal toxicology in developing countries is dealt with in another new chapter emphasizing the adverse effects on human health by the inadequate handling of "ewaste Other new chapters in the 4th edition include: Toxic metals in food; Toxicity of metals released from medical devices; Gene-environment interactions; Neurotoxicology of metals; Cardiovascular disease; Renal effects of exposure to metals; Gold and gold mining; Iridium; Lanthanum; Lithium and Rhodium

Risk Assessment of Chemicals An Introduction

Risk Assessment of Chemicals  An Introduction Book
Author : C.J. van Leeuwen,T.G. Vermeire
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-09-18
ISBN : 1402061013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At last – a second edition of this hugely important text that reflects the progress and experience gained in the last decade and aims at providing background and training material for a new generation of risk assessors. The authors offer an introduction to risk assessment of chemicals as well as basic background information on sources, emissions, distribution and fate processes for the estimation of exposure of plant and animal species in the environment and humans exposed via the environment, consumer products, and at the workplace. The coverage describes the basic principles and methods of risk assessment within their legislative frameworks (EU, USA, Japan and Canada).

Risk Management of Complex Inorganic Materials

Risk Management of Complex Inorganic Materials Book
Author : Violaine Verougstraete
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 0128110643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk Management of Complex Inorganic Materials: A Practical Guide facilitates the risk assessment and management of complex inorganic materials around the world by providing accessible and specific guidance on their assessment. Inorganic complex materials, such as ores and concentrates, metal containing- glasses, ceramic and inorganic pigments, alloys, and UVCBs produced during the manufacturing of metals present specificities not addressed by most guidance documents. This book explains the main characteristics of inorganic complex materials affecting their hazard and risk assessment and management, including their source and main uses, also covering hazard and exposure assessment, risk characterization and risk management. It is an essential reference for regulators involved in risk assessment and risk management, industry experts charged of compliance with chemical management program requirements, consultants preparing chemicals management files for companies and regulators, and academics involved in research on complex inorganic materials. Focuses on key information required to globally manage the risk of inorganic complex material Includes user-friendly descriptions of methodologies and tools that facilitate chemicals management of such materials Provides key messages to assist communication on risk assessment and risk management to audiences like regulators, workers and communities living around industrial sites

Assessing the Hazard of Metals and Inorganic Metal Substances in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems

Assessing the Hazard of Metals and Inorganic Metal Substances in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems Book
Author : William J. Adams,Peter M. Chapman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-01-03
ISBN : 9781420044416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current procedures used for hazard identification and classification are based on persistence, bioaccumulation, and toxicity measurements. Assessing the Hazard of Metals and Inorganic Metal Substances in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems provides the basis for improvements to the current model for hazard assessment. The book reviews the scientific underpinnings of the use of persistence as applied to metals, including bioavailability, and the use of bioaccumulation to evaluate aquatic species and aquatic-linked food chains. It also examines toxicity procedures as used within PBT approaches and measurements for metals in terrestrial ecosystems. The book brings together a multidisciplinary and international group of scientists, managers, and policy makers from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States to discuss various means for assessing the environmental hazard posed by metals and inorganic metal substances. The contributors include representatives from regulatory and nonregulatory government agencies, academia, industry, environmental groups, and consulting firms involved in assessment, management, and basic research of metals and metal substances. They provide a focused discussion of the fate and effects of metals in the environment, incorporating important advances developed over the past decade.

Soil Investigation and Human Health Risk Assessment for the Rodney Street Community Port Colborne 2001

Soil Investigation and Human Health Risk Assessment for the Rodney Street Community  Port Colborne  2001 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operation of a base metal refinery from 1918 to 1984 in Port Colborne, Ontario, resulted in extensive heavy metal contamination of soil in that area. This report presents findings of soil analyses & human health risk assessments conducted in one residential community in Port Colborne that is located near the west end of the refinery site. Sampling & analysis methods are described and results are presented with regard to concentrations of nickel, lead, arsenic, and other metals in the soil, and the geographic distribution soil of contaminants and their relation to possible sources. Appendices include tables of chemical analyses; a human health risk assessment report which identifies metals of concern, assesses metal exposures & estimated intakes, characterizes risks due to inhalation or ingestion exposure for each contaminant, discusses uncertainties in the data, and makes recommendations; and a toxicity assessment report which provides information on the pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and exposure limits for antimony, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, cobalt, copper, lead, and nickel.

Overcoming the Challenges of Herbal Adulteration in a Globalized World

Overcoming the Challenges of Herbal Adulteration in a Globalized World Book
Author : Anthony Booker,Aljawharah Alqathama,Stefan Gafner,Sukvinder Kaur Bhamra
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-01-12
ISBN : 2889740307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Overcoming the Challenges of Herbal Adulteration in a Globalized World book written by Anthony Booker,Aljawharah Alqathama,Stefan Gafner,Sukvinder Kaur Bhamra, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hazard Identification Hazard Classification and Risk Assessment for Metals and Metal Compounds in the Aquatic Environment

Hazard Identification  Hazard Classification and Risk Assessment for Metals and Metal Compounds in the Aquatic Environment Book
Author : Peter M. Chapman,International Council on Metals and the Environment
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hazard Identification Hazard Classification and Risk Assessment for Metals and Metal Compounds in the Aquatic Environment book written by Peter M. Chapman,International Council on Metals and the Environment, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mercury Cadmium Lead Handbook for Sustainable Heavy Metals Policy and Regulation

Mercury     Cadmium     Lead Handbook for Sustainable Heavy Metals Policy and Regulation Book
Author : M.J. Scoullos,Gerrit H. Vonkeman,I. Thornton,Z. Makuch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 940100403X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although this is a handbook for policy and regulation, the major part of it is filled with data on the three heavy metals that served as examples: mercury, cadmium and lead. Their stocks, productions, prices, trade flows, uses and applications, recovery and recycling, as well as their (eco)toxicological characteristics have been collected and presented to their fullest extent. In addition, they are thoroughly analysed for consistency, future developments and trends and, of course, their consequences for sustainable development and future policy and regulation. The second part, on policy and regulation, begins with an extensive and fundamental consideration on the characteristics of a sustainable heavy metals policy, whereby innovative policy tools are developed. In many aspects, these considerations are also valid for other metals and even non-metallic persistent substances. Addressing the European Union in particular, its policy-making structure and practice are critically analysed, in order to develop feasible and viable guidelines for long-, medium- and short-term EU policy measures. The results of this exercise are then applied to the three heavy metals. In each of these three chapters, all existing EU measures are presented in detail and confronted with better practices elsewhere, resulting in many suggestions and recommendations for the future. In the last chapter, the main conclusions and recommendations are carefully summarised. Together with a very extended table of contents, this makes the book easily accessible, in spite of its volume. This Handbook is a must for policy-makers and administrators at all levels, as well as for their counterparts in a wide variety of industries. In addition, it is well-suited for environmental science courses at academic or higher professional level.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals Book
Author : Gunnar F. Nordberg,Max Costa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-10
ISBN : 0128232935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, Fifth Edition, Volume I: General Considerations is the first volume of a two-volume work that gives an overview and reviews topics of general importance including reviews of various health effects of trace metals. The book emphasizes toxic effects in humans, along with discussions on the toxic effects of animals and biological systems in vitro when relevant. The book has been systematically updated with the latest studies and advances in technology and contains several new chapters. As a multidisciplinary resource that integrates both human and environmental toxicology, the book is a comprehensive and valuable reference for toxicologists, physicians, pharmacologists, and environmental scientists in the fields of environmental, occupational and public health. Contains peer-reviewed chapters that deal with the effects of metallic elements and their compounds on biological systems Includes information on sources, transport and the transformation of metals in the environment Covers the ecological effects of metals to provide a basis for better understanding of the potential for adverse effects on human health Provides critical information on the properties, use, biological monitoring, dose-response relationships, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of metallic elements and compounds

Issue Paper on the Bioavailability and Bioaccumulation of Metals

Issue Paper on the Bioavailability and Bioaccumulation of Metals Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Issue Paper on the Bioavailability and Bioaccumulation of Metals book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Heavy Metals In The Environment

Heavy Metals In The Environment Book
Author : Bibudhendra Sarkar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-03-21
ISBN : 0824744756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text presents analytical techniques for the determination of heavy metals in air particles, water, soil and biological samples. It details experimental studies to reduce the occurance of disease, remediate contaminated sites and establish acceptable range of oral intakes (AROI) guidelines.

Issue Paper on the Human Health Effects of Metals

Issue Paper on the Human Health Effects of Metals Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Issue Paper on the Human Health Effects of Metals book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electronic Waste

Electronic Waste Book
Author : Bruce A. Fowler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-13
ISBN : 0128030844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electronic Waste: Toxicology and Public Health Issues discusses the major public health concerns due to the presence of toxic chemicals that are generated from improper recycling and disposal practices of electronic waste (e-waste). This book highlights hazardous inorganic chemicals found in e-waste, including arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, gallium, iridium, and nanomaterials, also focusing on health issues related to the presence of BPA, styrene, and other plastic components and combustion products, while also identifying populations at special risk. To provide readers with potential solutions to this global problem, Dr. Fowler presents risk assessment approaches using chemicals, mixtures, biomarkers, susceptibility factors, and computational toxicology. He discusses how to translate the information gathered through risk assessment into safe and effective international policies. The final chapter is devoted to future research directions. This is a timely and useful resource for all those concerned with the health issues surrounding e-waste management and proper disposal, including toxicologists, public health and policy officials, environmental scientists, and risk assessors. Offers a well-researched, single authored book and draws attention to the need for better and more informed risk assessment and policymaking in this area Emphasizes the transference of electronic waste (e-waste) to developing countries where populations of concern include children working in recycling activities and impoverished groups with poor nutritional status and limited access to medical resources Reviews, in detail, the issue of exposure to chemical mixtures as a central feature of e-waste due to the presence of a number of organic and inorganic chemicals in modern electronic devices