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Revitalizing Victimization Theory

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Revitalizing Victimization Theory

Revitalizing Victimization Theory Book
Author : Travis C. Pratt,Jillian J. Turanovic
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-04-09
ISBN : 1000367924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revitalizing Victimization Theory: Revisions, Applications, and New Directions revises some of the major perspectives in victimization theory, applies theoretical perspectives to the victimization of vulnerable populations, and carves out new theoretical territory that is clearly needed but has yet to be developed. With the exception of a handful of isolated works in the mid-twentieth century, theory and research on victimization did not come into its own until the late 1970s with the articulation of lifestyle and routine activity theories. Research conducted within this tradition continues to be an important part of the overall criminological enterprise, and a large body of empirical knowledge has been generated. Nevertheless, theoretical advances in the study of victimization have largely stalled within the field of criminology. Indeed, little in the way of new theoretical headway has been made in well over a decade. This is an ideal time to revitalize victimization theory, and this volume does just that. It is an ambitious project that will hopefully reignite the kinds of theoretical discussions that once held the attention of the field. The work included here will shape the future of victimization theory and research in years to come. This volume should be of interest to a wide range of criminologists and have the potential to be used in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses.

Revitalizing Victimization Theory

Revitalizing Victimization Theory Book
Author : Travis C. Pratt,Jillian J. Turanovic
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-04-09
ISBN : 1000367878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revitalizing Victimization Theory: Revisions, Applications, and New Directions revises some of the major perspectives in victimization theory, applies theoretical perspectives to the victimization of vulnerable populations, and carves out new theoretical territory that is clearly needed but has yet to be developed. With the exception of a handful of isolated works in the mid-twentieth century, theory and research on victimization did not come into its own until the late 1970s with the articulation of lifestyle and routine activity theories. Research conducted within this tradition continues to be an important part of the overall criminological enterprise, and a large body of empirical knowledge has been generated. Nevertheless, theoretical advances in the study of victimization have largely stalled within the field of criminology. Indeed, little in the way of new theoretical headway has been made in well over a decade. This is an ideal time to revitalize victimization theory, and this volume does just that. It is an ambitious project that will hopefully reignite the kinds of theoretical discussions that once held the attention of the field. The work included here will shape the future of victimization theory and research in years to come. This volume should be of interest to a wide range of criminologists and have the potential to be used in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses.

Revitalizing Criminological Theory

Revitalizing Criminological Theory  Book
Author : Steve Hall,Simon Winlow
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-05-22
ISBN : 1317800486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a short, comprehensive and accessible introduction to Ultra-Realism: a unique and radical school of criminological thought that has been developed by the authors over a number of years. After first outlining existing schools of thought, their major intellectual flaws and their underlying politics in a condensed guide that will be invaluable to all undergraduate and postgraduate students, Hall and Winlow introduce a number of important new concepts to criminology and suggest a new philosophical foundation, theoretical framework and research programme. These developments will enhance the discipline’s ability to explain human motivations, construct insightful representations of reality and answer the fundamental question of why some human beings risk inflicting harm on others to further their own interests or achieve various ends. Combining new philosophical and psychosocial approaches with a clear understanding of the shape of contemporary global crime, this book presents an intellectual alternative to the currently dominant paradigms of conservatism, neoclassicism and left-liberalism. In using an advanced conception of "harm", Hall and Winlow provide original explanations of criminal motivations and make the first steps towards a paradigm shift that will help criminology to illuminate the reality of our times. This book is essential reading for academics and students engaged in the study of criminology, sociology, criminological theory, social theory, the philosophy of social sciences and the history of crime.

Criminological Theory

Criminological Theory Book
Author : Stephen G. Tibbetts,Craig Hemmens
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2009-10-15
ISBN : 1412950376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the best of both worlds-- authored text sections with carefully selected accompanying readings covering criminological theory from past to present and beyond. The articles, from leading journals in criminology and criminal justice, reflect both classic studies and state-of-the-art research. Key Features " Begins with an introductory chapter that presents a succinct overview of criminological theory, and briefly describes the organization and content of the book " Features 'How to Read a Research Article'--a perfect introduction to understanding how real-world research is organized and delivered in the journal literature " Includes a 'mini-chapter' for each Section, with figures and tables that present basic concepts and provide a background for the Readings that follow " Provides key terms, web resources, and thought-provoking discussion questions for each Section, along with questions for each Reading to help students develop their critical thinking skills " Instructor Resources on CD include a test bank, PowerPoint slides for each section, classroom activities, and more. " A Student study site provides additional articles, self-study quizzes, e-flashcards, and more.

Revitalizing Cities

Revitalizing Cities Book
Author : H. J. Bryce,Herrington J. Bryce
Publisher : Free Press
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Revitalizing Cities book written by H. J. Bryce,Herrington J. Bryce, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Victimology

Victimology Book
Author : Leah E. Daigle
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2017-06-21
ISBN : 1506345204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Victimology: A Text/Reader, Second Edition, engages students with the most current, cutting-edge articles published in the field of victimology as well as connects them to the basic concepts. Unlike existing victimology textbooks, this unique combination of published articles with original material presented in a mini-chapter format puts each topic into context so students can develop a better understanding of the extent, causes, and responses to victimization. Students will build a foundation in the history and development of the field of victimology, will be shown the extent to which people are victimized and why, will learn the specific types of victimization, and will witness the interaction between the criminal justice system and victims today.

Crime Opportunity Theories

Crime Opportunity Theories Book
Author : Mangai Natarajan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-05
ISBN : 1351570706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Opportunity theories of crime seek to explain the occurrence of crime rather than simply the existence of criminal dispositions. They emphasize the fundamental element in the criminal act of opportunity: how this arises, how it is perceived, evaluated and acted on by those with criminal dispositions. This volume brings together influential research articles on opportunity theories of crime by leading theorists such as Cohen and Felson on routine activity theory and Clarke and Cornish on the bounded rational choice perspective. The articles also include more recent theoretical developments and studies of situational crime prevention of specific twenty-first century crimes. These articles attest to the sheer volume as well to as the richness and the variety of work designed to reduce crime that has forever changed the face of criminology and criminal justice.

Qualitative Exploration of Grounded Theory in Organizational Research

Qualitative Exploration of Grounded Theory in Organizational Research Book
Author : Ebrahimi, Maryam
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-05-15
ISBN : 1799842533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their complexity, societal influence, and dynamic nature, organizations have become a prominent area of study. As researchers are continually looking for novel methods for developing business practices, the implementation of grounded theory has risen in prevalence. Empirical research is required to understand the theoretical foundation and practical applications of grounded theory within organizational research and development. Qualitative Exploration of Grounded Theory in Organizational Research provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of data gathering and analysis for organizational improvement. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as business ethics, corporate social responsibility, and technology management, this book is ideally designed for researchers, strategists, managers, executives, analysts, academicians, practitioners, students, policymakers, and educators seeking current research on the development of organizations and business strategy using grounded theory approaches.

Rational Choice Theories Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Rational Choice Theories  Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide Book
Author : Oxford University Press
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2010-05-01
ISBN : 9780199803552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Crime and Criminals

Crime and Criminals Book
Author : Frank R. Scarpitti
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A vibrant collection of readings designed to provide a comprehensive—and accessible—introduction to criminology, Crime and Criminals: Contemporary and Classic Readings, Second Edition, brings together selections from diverse and dynamic sources, including sociologists, criminologists, and scholars from other related disciplines. Featuring twenty-four new readings, this incisive text addresses the broad range of subjects typically covered in a criminology course, including society's attempts to control crime and criminal behavior. To help students understand the relevance and real-world applications of criminology, new coeditor J. Mitchell Miller has shaped this edition with new selections that address how criminological research directly influences practical responses to crime. Building on the work of coeditors Frank R. Scarpitti and Amie L. Nielsen, these cutting-edge readings reflect exciting developments in contemporary criminology while also preserving the text's original purpose: to compile a set of readings that represent both the breadth and variety of research on the causes of crime, its control, and related social policy issues. In addition, this engaging text integrates many helpful pedagogical resources, which draw students into the core concepts and fundamental theories of the field: * An introductory chapter begins each section, providing a survey of the major issues in each area and a helpful context for the readings that follow * An introduction precedes each selection, offering an overview of the article and a discussion of its relevance to students * Lively discussion questions follow each reading An essential resource for criminology courses, the new edition Crime and Criminals explores the dynamic, challenging, and ever-changing realities of crime.

Analytical Marxism

Analytical Marxism Book
Author : Thomas F. Mayer,Tom Mayer
Publisher : SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Release : 1994-06-08
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Marxism blends the tenets of Marxist theory with many of the more traditional methods of social science. In this brief introduction to the major ideas and scholars in the Analytical Marxist school, Thomas F. Mayer assesses the achievements, strengths, and criticisms of their work. Focusing on the work of Elster, Roemer, Wright, and others, Mayer examines their writing on class, the state, exploitation, and revolution. Sections addressing communism and socialism define these terms in historical and current contexts, enabling the author to establish the patterns from which political predictions may be drawn. The book also explores the challenge to Marxist thought brought about by contemporary developments in Eastern Europe and suggests how the future of Marxism is shaped by these events. "Designed to help undergraduates understand the complex literature on the topic, this volume is written in an accessible style, and includes a glossary and annotated reading list. The language is exceptionally clear and free of mathematical equations. Thomas F. Mayer demonstrates in fact how needless equations so often are. Thomas F. Mayer's Analytical Marxism is a theoretical statement in its own right. As such, it is far more compelling than the edited volume with the same title that came out in 1986. What makes Mayer's book superior is that it has abandoned or muted many of the philosophically objectionable positions associated with its predecessor." -Contemporary Sociology "Thomas F. Mayer's book admirably demonstrates the robust and provacative results wrought by Cohen, ELster, Przeworski, Roemer, and Wright with their chosen tools. The liveliness and intensity of the debates provoked by these theorists' assertions suggests that the Marxian analytical tradition has a robust future." --Science and Society

The Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning

The Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning Book
Author : Nancy Brooks,Kieran Donaghy,Gerrit-Jan Knaap
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-01-12
ISBN : 0195380622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume embodies a problem-driven and theoretically informed approach to bridging frontier research in urban economics and urban/regional planning. The authors focus on the interface between these two subdisciplines that have historically had an uneasy relationship. Although economists were among the early contributors to the literature on urban planning, many economists have been dismissive of a discipline whose leading scholars frequently favor regulations over market institutions, equity over efficiency, and normative prescriptions over positive analysis. Planners, meanwhile, even as they draw upon economic principles, often view the work of economists as abstract, not sensitive to institutional contexts, and communicated in a formal language spoken by few with decision making authority. Not surprisingly, papers in the leading economic journals rarely cite clearly pertinent papers in planning journals, and vice versa. Despite the historical divergence in perspectives and methods, urban economics and urban planning share an intense interest in many topic areas: the nature of cities, the prosperity of urban economies, the efficient provision of urban services, efficient systems of transportation, and the proper allocation of land between urban and environmental uses. In bridging this gap, the book highlights the best scholarship in planning and economics that address the most pressing urban problems of our day and stimulates further dialog between scholars in urban planning and urban economics.

Zemiology

Zemiology Book
Author : Avi Boukli,Justin Kotzé
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-08
ISBN : 3319763121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book challenges the given dichotomies between crime and harm, and criminology and zemiology. The main aim of the volume is to highlight the inexorable interconnectedness between systemically induced social harm and the corrosive flows of everyday crime both perpetrated and endured by those victimised by the capitalist system and its hegemonic vicissitudes. Drawing attention not only to various structurally imbedded harms, the chapters also outline the wider consequences of such harms, as they extend beyond immediate victims and contribute towards the further perpetuation of criminogenic and zemiogenic conditions. Comprising two parts, the first explores the relationship between crime and harm and criminology and zemiology, and the second explores the intersections of crime and harm through various lenses, including those trained on probation; global mobility; sexuality and gender; war and gendered violence; fashion counterfeiting; and the harms of the service economy. An exciting and wide-reaching volume written by world-renowned scholars, this collection is a must-read for students, academics, and policy makers in the fields of law, criminology, sociology, social policy, criminal justice, and social justice.

Taking Stock

Taking Stock Book
Author : Francis T. Cullen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-05
ISBN : 1351487027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. Th e very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competin paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Th eir challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development.

Smart Decarceration

Smart Decarceration Book
Author : Matthew Epperson,Carrie Pettus-Davis
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 0190653116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Decarceration is a forward-thinking, practical volume that provides innovative concepts and concrete strategies for ushering in an era of decarceration -- a proactive and effective undoing of the era of mass incarceration. The text grapples with tough questions and takes up the challenge of transforming America's approach to criminal justice in the 21st century. This timely work consists of chapters written from multiple perspectives and disciplines including advocates, researchers, academics, practitioners, and persons with incarceration histories who are now leaders in the movement. The primary purpose of this book is to inform both academic and public understanding -- to place the challenge of smart decarceration at the center of the current national discourse, taking into account the realities of the current sociopolitical context -- and to propose beginning action steps. This is achieved by first outlining and addressing questions such as: What if incarceration were not an option for most?; Whose voices are essential in this era of decarceration?; What is the state of evidence for solutions?; How do we generate and adopt empirically driven reforms?; How do we redefine and rethink justice in the United States? Smart Decarceration offers a way forward in building a field for decarceration through provocative but reasoned challenges to existing approaches to criminal justice reforms, lively focus on potential solutions, and action steps for reform.

The Consumption of Counterfeit Fashion

The Consumption of Counterfeit Fashion Book
Author : Joanna Large
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-11
ISBN : 3030013316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the consumption of counterfeit fashion goods. Despite the importance of the consumer in counterfeiting policy, there has been a lack of attention within criminology about the demand for counterfeit goods. A tendency to explain counterfeit consumption through deviance or ‘othering’ reinforces stereotypical assumptions about consumers and overplays the importance of superficial factors in consumption. This book develops an understanding of why counterfeit markets exist through exploring consumer behavior in consuming counterfeit fashion, and examining this in relation to attitudes on fashion, crime, harm and victimization. The book argues that there is a need to consider demand for illicit goods within a broader understanding of the nature of fashion and the fashion industry. This book will appeal to those with an interest in illicit markets, consumer behavior, fashion, criminology, and the harms associated with fashion and consumer industries more generally.

Making Sense of Homicide

Making Sense of Homicide Book
Author : Adam Lynes,Elizabeth Yardley ,Lucas Danos
Publisher : Waterside Press
Release : 2021-01-15
ISBN : 1909976865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first dedicated textbook for Criminology students studying homicide. As the authors explain, criminal homicide is but one form of lethal violence victims may suffer, leading them to describe a much broader range of scenarios. Ranging from murder to manslaughter to State killings, genocide and disasters involving victims of public policy, corporate crime or shortcomings in health and safety, Making Sense of Homicide re-positions discussion of the topic for those wishing to see beyond routine media hype and ill-informed popular discourse. The book also contains a special expert contribution by former Police Superintendent Ronald Winch about how the UK police investigate homicide including fundamental requirements and pitfalls. The book ranges in scope from serial killing to mass and spree homicide and across the jurisdictions of the UK, USA and other countries. Also interweaved in this key resource are acutely observed accounts of the Holocaust, capital punishment and homicide within a consumer society. The authors explain the categories within which homicide is conventionally discussed, as well as crimes of the powerful and those made opaque for political, economic or other questionable purposes, making the work one of immense value to anyone wishing to see violence through a new lens. A hugely wide-ranging explanation of homicide, perfect for dedicated courses. The book demonstrates how homicide definition stems from political, cultural and societal choices and looks at the deficits in homicide classifications. An entirely fresh look at the subject. From the Foreword ‘It is no small feat to offer such robust understandings of homicide … A judicious and much needed collection at a time in which our existence is evermore enveloped by aspects of death, despair and homicide in all its various malignant forms.’— Professor David Wilson. Authors Dr Adam Lynes, Professor Elizabeth Yardley and Lucas Danos all teach at Birmingham City University, one of the UK’s leading centres of Criminology where their existing publications have attracted considerable acclaim. Ronald Winch spent over 30 years in the police including investigating homicide and other serious, major and complex crimes. Together they bring straightforward and refreshing perspectives to a sometimes hard to understand and often disquieting topic.

Cybercrime in Context

Cybercrime in Context Book
Author : Marleen Weulen Kranenbarg,Rutger Leukfeldt
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-04
ISBN : 3030605272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the human factor in cybercrime: its offenders, victims and parties involved in tackling cybercrime. It takes a diverse international perspective of the response to and prevention of cybercrime by seeking to understand not just the technological, but the human decision-making involved. This edited volume represents the state of the art of research on the human factor in cybercrime, addressing its victims, offenders, and policing. It originated at the Second annual Conference on the Human Factor in Cybercrime, held in The Netherlands in October 2019, bringing together empirical research from a variety of disciplines, and theoretical and methodological approaches. This volume will be of particular interest to researchers and students in cybercrime and the psychology of cybercrime, as well as policy makers and law enforcement interested in prevention and detection.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology Book
Author : Gerben J.N. Bruinsma,Shane D. Johnson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-02-08
ISBN : 0190279710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of how the environment, local geography, and physical locations influence crime has a long history that stretches across many research traditions. These include the neighborhood effects approach developed in the 1920s, the criminology of place, and a newer approach that attends to the perception of crime in communities. Aided by new technologies and improved data-reporting in recent decades, research in environmental criminology has developed rapidly within each of these approaches. Yet research in the subfield remains fragmented and competing theories are rarely examined together. The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology takes a unique approach and synthesizes the contributions of existing methods to better integrate the subfield as a whole. Gerben J.N. Bruinsma and Shane D. Johnson have assembled a cast of top scholars to provide an in-depth source for understanding how and why physical setting can influence the emergence of crime, affect the environment, and impact individual or group behavior. The contributors address how changes in the environment, global connectivity, and technology provide more criminal opportunities and new ways of committing old crimes. They also explore how crimes committed in countries with distinct cultural practices like China and West Africa might lead to different spatial patterns of crime. This is a state-of-the-art compendium on environmental criminology that reflects the diverse research and theory developed across the western world.

Law s Indigenous Ethics

Law s Indigenous Ethics Book
Author : John Borrows
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 2019-04-09
ISBN : 1487523556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Law's Indigenous Ethics seeks to strengthen the relationship between Indigenous rights and legal traditions by exploring a set of crucial topics through the lens of the seven Anishinaabe grandmother and grandfather teachings: love, truth, bravery, humility, wisdom, honesty, and respect.