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Rethinking Autism

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Re Thinking Autism

Re Thinking Autism Book
Author : Sami Timimi,Rebecca Mallett,Katherine Runswick-Cole
Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Release : 2016-05-05
ISBN : 1784500275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Challenging existing approaches to autism that limit, and sometimes damage, the individuals who attract and receive the label, this book questions the lazy prejudices and assumptions that can surround autism as a diagnosis in the 21st Century. Arguing that autism can only be understood through examining 'it' as a socially or culturally produced phenomenon, the authors offer a critique of the medical model that has produced a perpetually marginalising approach to autism, and explain the contradictions and difficulties inherent in existing attitudes. They examine and dispute the scientific validity of diagnosis and 'treatment', asking whether autism actually exists at the biological level, and question the value of diagnosis in the lives of those labelled with autism. The book recognises that there are no easy answers but encourages engagement with these essential questions, and looks towards service provision and practice that moves beyond a reliance on all-encompassing labels. This unique contribution to the growing field of critical autism studies brings together authors from clinical psychiatry, clinical and community psychology, social sciences, disability studies, education and cultural studies, as well as those with personal experiences of autism. It is essential and challenging reading for anyone with a personal, professional or academic interest in 'autism'.

Rethinking Autism

Rethinking Autism Book
Author : Lynn Waterhouse
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0124159613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a near hysteria over dramatic increases in autism prevalence at a time when we still don't know what causes the disorder and have no known cures. More and more money is being poured into autism research with conflicting research findings, none of which appear to be getting us closer to prevention or treatment. This book carefully examines the psychology, neuroscience, genetic, and medical research findings to date from autism research and provocatively suggests that what we've labeled "autism" is several different disorders, and the way forward for more effective research for prevention and treatment. Autism is a massive worldwide problem with increasing prevalence rates, now thought to be as high as 1 in 38 children (Korea) and 1 in 100 children (CDC- US) Autism is the 3rd most common developmental disability. 400,000 people in the US alone have autism Autism effects entire brain including communication, social behavior, reasoning and is lifelong There is no known cause and no cure Funding for Autism research quadrupled from 1995 to 2000 up to $45m, and the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee has recommended $1billion funding from 2010-2015

Rethinking Autism

Rethinking Autism Book
Author : Lynn Waterhouse
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-17
ISBN : 0123914132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The media, scientific researchers, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual all refer to "autism" as if it were a single disorder or a single disorder over a spectrum. However, autism is unlike any single disorder in a variety of ways. No single brain deficit is found to cause it, no single drug is found to affect it, and no single cause or cure has been found despite tremendous research efforts to find same. Rethinking Autism reviews the scientific research on causes, symptomology, course, and treatment done to date...and draws the potentially shocking conclusion that "autism" does not exist as a single disorder. The conglomeration of symptoms exists, but like fever, those symptoms aren’t a disease in themselves, but rather a result of some other cause(s). Only by ceasing to think of autism as a single disorder can we ever advance research to more accurately parse why these symptoms occur and what the different and varied causes may be. Autism is a massive worldwide problem with increasing prevalence rates, now thought to be as high as 1 in 38 children (Korea) and 1 in 100 children (CDC- US) Autism is the 3rd most common developmental disability; 400,000 people in the United States alone have autism Autism affects the entire brain, including communication, social behavior, and reasoning and is lifelong There is no known cause and no cure Funding for autism research quadrupled from 1995 to 2000 up to $45 million, and the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee has recommended $1 billion funding from 2010-2015

The ESSENCE of Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Conditions

The ESSENCE of Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Conditions Book
Author : Christopher Gillberg
Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Release : 2021-04-21
ISBN : 1787754405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ESSENCE (Early Symptomatic Syndromes Eliciting Neurodevelopmental Clinical Examinations) refers to the group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, ADHD and tic disorders as well as conditions gaining increasing awareness such as ARFID, PANS and PANDAS. Professor of child psychiatry Christopher Gillberg describes the lifetime prognosis of ESSENCE, examining the common co-occurrence between these conditions and the symptoms they present. Whilst diagnoses are often treated in isolation, Gillberg presents these issues as an overall condition, and advises treatment and support based on a holistic approach. This book also demonstrates the need for holistic whole-person interventions and assessments to improve outcomes for people within this group.

The Metamorphosis of Autism

The Metamorphosis of Autism Book
Author : Bonnie Evans
Publisher : Social Histories of Medicine
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9780719095924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first detailed exploration of the history of autism in the UK. Drawing from extensive and highly original archival research as well as investigations of published literature it describes the political, social and institutional background which made the study and increased diagnosis of autism possible.

College Success for Students on the Autism Spectrum

College Success for Students on the Autism Spectrum Book
Author : S. Jay Kuder,Amy Accardo,John Woodruff
Publisher : Stylus Publishing, LLC
Release : 2021
ISBN : 1642670278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The book provides the practical guidance needed to help neurodivergent students succeed, with chapters that address a variety of key issues from the transition to college to career readiness after graduation. The authors address support services, faculty and staff roles, and enhancing academic success"--

Unmasking Autism

Unmasking Autism Book
Author : Devon Price
Publisher : Harmony
Release : 2022-04-05
ISBN : 059323524X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A deep dive into the spectrum of Autistic experience and the phenomenon of masked Autism, giving individuals the tools to safely uncover their true selves while broadening society’s narrow understanding of neurodiversity “A remarkable work that will stand at the forefront of the neurodiversity movement.”—Barry M. Prizant, PhD, CCC-SLP, author of Uniquely Human: A Different Way of Seeing Autism For every visibly Autistic person you meet, there are countless “masked” Autistic people who pass as neurotypical. Masking is a common coping mechanism in which Autistic people hide their identifiably Autistic traits in order to fit in with societal norms, adopting a superficial personality at the expense of their mental health. This can include suppressing harmless stims, papering over communication challenges by presenting as unassuming and mild-mannered, and forcing themselves into situations that cause severe anxiety, all so they aren’t seen as needy or “odd.” In Unmasking Autism, Dr. Devon Price shares his personal experience with masking and blends history, social science research, prescriptions, and personal profiles to tell a story of neurodivergence that has thus far been dominated by those on the outside looking in. For Dr. Price and many others, Autism is a deep source of uniqueness and beauty. Unfortunately, living in a neurotypical world means it can also be a source of incredible alienation and pain. Most masked Autistic individuals struggle for decades before discovering who they truly are. They are also more likely to be marginalized in terms of race, gender, sexual orientation, class, and other factors, which contributes to their suffering and invisibility. Dr. Price lays the groundwork for unmasking and offers exercises that encourage self-expression, including: • Celebrating special interests • Cultivating Autistic relationships • Reframing Autistic stereotypes • And rediscovering your values It’s time to honor the needs, diversity, and unique strengths of Autistic people so that they no longer have to mask—and it’s time for greater public acceptance and accommodation of difference. In embracing neurodiversity, we can all reap the rewards of nonconformity and learn to live authentically, Autistic and neurotypical people alike.

The Autism Industrial Complex

The Autism Industrial Complex Book
Author : Alicia A. Broderick
Publisher : Myers Education Press
Release : 2022-01-11
ISBN : 197550187X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism—a concept that barely existed 75 years ago—currently feeds multiple, multi-billion-dollar-a-year, global industries. In The Autism Industrial Complex: How Branding, Marketing, and Capital Investment Turned Autism into Big Business, Alicia A. Broderick analyzes how we got from the 11 children first identified by Leo Kanner in 1943 as “autistic” to the billion-dollar autism industries that are booming today. Broderick argues that, within the Autism Industrial Complex (AIC), almost anyone can capitalize on—and profit from—autism, and she also shows us how. The AIC has not always been there: it was built, conjured, created, manufactured, produced, not out of thin air, but out of ideologies, rhetorics, branding, business plans, policy lobbying, media saturation, capital investment, and the bodies of autistic people. Broderick excavates the 75-year-long history of the concept of autism, and shows us how the AIC—and indeed, autism today—can only be understood within capitalism itself. The Autism Industrial Complex is essential reading for a wide variety of audiences, from autistic activists, to professionals in the autism industries, to educators, to parents, to graduate students in public policy, (special) education, psychology, economics, and rhetoric. Perfect for courses such as: Introduction to Critical Autism Studies; Disability Studies--Theory, Policy, Practice; Disability & Rhetoric; Disability & Cultural Studies; Doctoral Seminar in Disability Studies; Cultural Foundations of Disability in Education

Communication Alternatives in Autism

Communication Alternatives in Autism Book
Author : Edlyn Vallejo Peña
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2019-08-30
ISBN : 147663713X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ten autistic self-advocates share their experiences with alternative forms of communication such as rapid prompting method (RPM) and facilitated communication (FC), both highly controversial. Their narratives document the complexities that autistic individuals navigate--in both educational and community settings--when choosing to use approaches that utilize letter boards and keyboards. While the controversies remain--RPM requires further scientific study, and FC is subject to criticism about confirmation bias--these individuals share powerful stories in the context of aiming for disability rights. The book concludes with a chapter about best practices for educators, particularly for schools and colleges that have students who use these communication methods.

The Social Cultural and Political Discourses of Autism

The Social  Cultural  and Political Discourses of Autism Book
Author : Jessica Nina Lester
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-17
ISBN : 9402421343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Social Cultural and Political Discourses of Autism book written by Jessica Nina Lester, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Challenging Sociality

Challenging Sociality Book
Author : Kathleen Richardson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-30
ISBN : 3319747541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the development of humanoid robots for helping children with autism develop social skills based on fieldwork in the UK and the USA. Robotic scientists propose that robots can therapeutically help children with autism because there is a “special” affinity between them and mechanical things. This idea is supported by autism experts that claim those with autism have a preference for things over other persons. Autism is also seen as a gendered condition, with men considered less social and therefore more likely to have the condition. The author explores how these experiments in cultivating social skills in children with autism using robots, while focused on a unique subsection, is the model for a new kind of human-thing relationship for wider society across the capitalist world where machines can take on the role of the “you” in the relational encounter. Moreover, underscoring this is a form of consciousness that arises out of specific forms of attachment styles.

Autism in Translation

Autism in Translation Book
Author : Elizabeth Fein,Clarice Rios
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-28
ISBN : 3319932934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism is a complex phenomenon that is both individual and social. Showing both robust similarities and intriguing differences across cultural contexts, the autism spectrum raises innumerable questions about self, subjectivity, and society in a globalized world. Yet it is often misrepresented as a problem of broken bodies and disordered brains. So, in 2015, a group of interdisciplinary scholars gathered in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for an intellectual experiment: a workshop that joined approaches from psychological anthropology to the South American tradition of Collective Health in order to consider autism within social, historical, and political settings. This book is the product of the ongoing conversation emerging from this event. It contains a series of comparative histories of autism policy in Italy, Brazil, and the United States; focuses on issues of voice, narrative, and representation in autism; and examines how the concept of autism shapes both individual lives and broader social and economic systems. Featuring contributions from: Michael Bakan Benilton Bezerra Pamela Block M. Ariel Cascio Jurandir Freire Costa Bárbara Costa Andrada Cassandra Evans Elizabeth Fein Clara Feldman Roy Richard Grinker Rossano Lima Francisco Ortega Dawn Prince-Hughes Clarice Rios Laura Sterponi Thomas S. Weisner Enrico Valtellina

Communication Issues in Autism and Asperger Syndrome Second Edition

Communication Issues in Autism and Asperger Syndrome  Second Edition Book
Author : Olga Bogdashina
Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Release : 2022-07-21
ISBN : 1787757382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this updated edition, Olga Bogdashina provides a theoretical foundation for understanding communication and language impairments specific to autism. She explores the effects of different perceptual and cognitive styles on the communication and language development of autistic children. She also stresses the importance of identifying each individual's nonverbal language - which can be visual, tactile, kinaesthetic, auditory, olfactory or gustatory - to establish verbal communication. Reflecting recent research and changes in terminology, the book explains why some approaches may work for some autistic children but not for others, and the 'What They Say' sections allow the reader to see through the eyes of autistic individuals and understand their language differences first-hand. 'What We Can Do to Help' sections throughout the book give practical recommendations for helping autistic individuals use their natural mechanisms to learn and develop social and communicative skills. The final chapters are devoted to assessment and intervention issues with recommendations for selecting appropriate methods and techniques to enhance communication, based on the specific mode of communication a person uses.

Autism The Movement Perspective

Autism  The Movement Perspective Book
Author : Elizabeth B Torres,Anne M Donnellan
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-05-19
ISBN : 2889195090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is portrayed as cognitive and social disorders. Undoubtedly, impairments in communication and restricted-repetitive behaviors that now define the disorders have a profound impact on social interactions. But can we go beyond the descriptive, observational nature of this definition and objectively measure that amalgamate of motions and sensations that we call behavior? In this Research Topic we bring movement and its sensation to the forefront of autism research, diagnosis, and treatment. We gather researchers across disciplines with the unifying goal of recognizing movement and sensory disturbances as core symptoms of the disorder. We also hear confirmation from the perspective of autism self-advocates and parents. Those important sources of evidence along with the research presented in this topic demonstrate without a doubt that profound movement and sensory differences do exist in ASD and that they are quantifiable. The work presented in this Research Topic shows us that quantifiable differences in movements have a better chance than current observational techniques to help us uncover subtle solutions that the nervous system with autism has already spontaneously self-discovered and utilized in daily living. Where the naked eye would miss the unique subtleties that help each individual cope, instrumentation and fine kinematic analyses of motions help us uncover inherent capacities and predispositions of the person with autism. The work presented in this topic helps us better articulate through the voices of parents and self-advocates those sensory motor differences that current inventories could not possibly uncover. These differences are seldom perceived as they take place at timescales and frequencies that fall largely beneath our conscious awareness. To the person in the spectrum living with this disorder and to the caregiver creating accommodations to help the affected loved one, these subtleties are very familiar though. Indeed they are often used in clever ways to facilitate daily routines. We have waited much too long in science to listen to the very people that we are trying to define, understand and help. Being autism a social problem by definition, it is remarkable that not a single diagnosis inventory measures the dyadic social interaction that takes place between the examiner and the examinees. Indeed we have conceived the autistic person within a social context where we are incapable –by definition– of accepting those differences. The burden is rather placed on the affected person to whom much too often we refer to in the third person as “non-verbal, without intentionality, without empathy or emotions, without a theory of mind”, among other purely psychological guesses. It is then too easy and shockingly allowed to “reshape” that person, to mold that person to better conform to our social expectations and to extinguish “behaviors” that are socially unacceptable, even through the use of aversive punishing reinforcement techniques if need be. And yet none of those techniques have had a single shred of objective scientific evidence of their effectiveness. We have not objectively measured once, nor have we physiologically characterized once any of those perceived features that we so often use to observationally define what we may think the autistic phenotype may be. We have not properly quantified, beyond paper-and-pencil methods, the effectiveness of interventions in autism. Let us not forget when we do our science, that we are all part of the broad human spectrum.

Reframe Your Thinking Around Autism

Reframe Your Thinking Around Autism Book
Author : Holly Bridges
Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Release : 2015-08-21
ISBN : 1784501778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Outlining a new, optimistic way to understand autism, this concise and accessible book offers practical ideas to help children on the spectrum grow. The Polyvagal Theory suggests autism is a learnt response by the body - a result of the child being in a prolonged state of 'fight or flight' while their nervous system is still developing. This book explains the theory in simple terms and incorporates recent developments in brain plasticity research (the capacity of the brain to change throughout life) to give parents and professionals the tools to strengthen the child's brain-body connection and lessen the social and emotional impact of autism.

Belonging Rethinking Inclusive Practices to Support Well Being and Identity

Belonging  Rethinking Inclusive Practices to Support Well Being and Identity Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 9004388427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Belonging: Rethinking Inclusive Practices to Support Well-Being and Identity, issues related to inclusive education and belonging across a range of education contexts are examined and matters related to participation, policy and theory, and identity and well-being are explored.

A Full Life with Autism

A Full Life with Autism Book
Author : Chantal Sicile-Kira,Jeremy Sicile-Kira
Publisher : St. Martin's Press
Release : 2012-03-27
ISBN : 0230393616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide for helping our children lead meaningful and independent lives as they reach adulthood In the next five years, hundreds of thousands of children with autism spectrum disorder will reach adulthood. And while diagnosis and treatment for children has improved in recent years, parents want to know: What happens to my child when I am no longer able to care for or assist him? Autism expert Chantal Sicile-Kira and her son Jeremy offer real solutions to a host of difficult questions, including how young adults of different abilities and their parents can: *navigate this new economy where adult service resources are scarce *cope with the difficulties of living apart from the nuclear family *find, and keep a job that provides meaning, stability and an income *create and sustain fulfilling relationships

Performing Psychologies

Performing Psychologies Book
Author : Nicola Shaughnessy,Philip Barnard
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2019-02-07
ISBN : 1474260861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Performing Psychologies offers new perspectives on arts and health, focussing on the different ways in which performance interacting with psychology can enhance understanding of the mind. The book challenges stereotypes of disability, madness and creativity, addressing a range of conditions (autism, dementia and schizophrenia) and performance practices including staged productions and applied work in custodial, health and community settings. Featuring case studies ranging from Hamlet to The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, the pioneering work of companies such as Spare Tyre and Ridiculusmus, and embracing dance and music as well as theatre and drama, the volume offers new perspectives on the dynamic interactions between performance, psychology and states of mind. It contains contributions from psychologists, performance scholars, therapists and healthcare professionals, who offer multiple perspectives on working through performance-based media. Presenting a richly interdisciplinary and collaborative investigation of the arts in practice, this volume opens up new ways of thinking about the performance of psychologies, and about how psychologies perform.

Disability Alliances and Allies

Disability Alliances and Allies Book
Author : Allison C. Carey,Joan M. Ostrove,Tara Fannon
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2020-11-09
ISBN : 1839093218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For its breadth and depth of research, Disability Alliances and Allies: Opportunities and Challenges is essential reading for researchers and students across the social sciences interested in disability, social movements, activism, and identity.

Autism

Autism Book
Author : Elizabeth B. Torres,Caroline Whyatt
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-25
ISBN : 1482251663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism: The Movement Sensing Perspective is the result of a collaborative effort by parents, therapists, clinicians, and researchers from all disciplines in science including physics, engineering, and applied mathematics. This book poses questions regarding the current conceptualization and approach to the study of autism, providing an alternative unifying data-driven framework grounded in physiological factors. This book reaches beyond subjective descriptions of autistic phenomena and embraces a new era of objective measurements, analyses, and statistical inferences. The authors harness activities from the nervous systems across the brain and body (often in tandem), and introduce a platform for the comprehensive personalized phenotyping of individuals with autism. The impact of this approach is discussed to advance the development of tailored treatments options, enhance the ability to longitudinally track symptomatology, and to fundamentally empower affected individuals and their families. This book encompasses a new era for autism research and treatments, and our continuous effort to collectively empower and embrace the autistic community.