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Resolving Spectral Mixtures

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Resolving Spectral Mixtures

Resolving Spectral Mixtures Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-08-13
ISBN : 0444636447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resolving Spectral Mixtures: With Applications from Ultrafast Time-Resolved Spectroscopy to Superresolution Imaging offers a comprehensive look into the most important models and frameworks essential to resolving the spectral unmixing problem—from multivariate curve resolution and multi-way analysis to Bayesian positive source separation and nonlinear unmixing. Unravelling total spectral data into the contributions from individual unknown components with limited prior information is a complex problem that has attracted continuous interest for almost four decades. Spectral unmixing is a topic of interest in statistics, chemometrics, signal processing, and image analysis. For decades, researchers from these fields were often unaware of the work in other disciplines due to their different scientific and technical backgrounds and interest in different objects or samples. This led to the development of quite different approaches to solving the same problem. This multi-authored book will bridge the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and strongly active chemometric and signal processing research groups. Among chemists, multivariate curve resolution methods are preferred to extract information about the nature, amount, and location in time (process) and space (imaging and microscopy) of chemical constituents in complex samples. In signal processing, assumptions are usually around statistical independence of the extracted components. However, the chapters include the complexity of the spectral data to be unmixed as well as dimensionality and size of the data sets. Advanced spectroscopy is the key thread linking the different chapters. Applications cover a large part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Time-resolution ranges from femtosecond to second in process spectroscopy and spatial resolution covers the submicronic to macroscopic scale in hyperspectral imaging. Demonstrates how and why data analysis, signal processing, and chemometrics are essential to the spectral unmixing problem Guides the reader through the fundamentals and details of the different methods Presents extensive plots, graphical representations, and illustrations to help readers understand the features of different techniques and to interpret results Bridges the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and highly active chemometric and signal processing research groups

Resolving Spectral Mixtures

Resolving Spectral Mixtures Book
Author : Cyril Ruckebusch
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-07
ISBN : 9780444636386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resolving Spectral Mixtures: With Applications from Ultrafast Time-Resolved Spectroscopy to Superresolution Imaging offers a comprehensive look into the most important models and frameworks essential to resolving the spectral unmixing problem-from multivariate curve resolution and multi-way analysis to Bayesian positive source separation and nonlinear unmixing. Unravelling total spectral data into the contributions from individual unknown components with limited prior information is a complex problem that has attracted continuous interest for almost four decades. Spectral unmixing is a topic of interest in statistics, chemometrics, signal processing, and image analysis. For decades, researchers from these fields were often unaware of the work in other disciplines due to their different scientific and technical backgrounds and interest in different objects or samples. This led to the development of quite different approaches to solving the same problem. This multi-authored book will bridge the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and strongly active chemometric and signal processing research groups. Among chemists, multivariate curve resolution methods are preferred to extract information about the nature, amount, and location in time (process) and space (imaging and microscopy) of chemical constituents in complex samples. In signal processing, assumptions are usually around statistical independence of the extracted components. However, the chapters include the complexity of the spectral data to be unmixed as well as dimensionality and size of the data sets. Advanced spectroscopy is the key thread linking the different chapters. Applications cover a large part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Time-resolution ranges from femtosecond to second in process spectroscopy and spatial resolution covers the submicronic to macroscopic scale in hyperspectral imaging. Demonstrates how and why data analysis, signal processing, and chemometrics are essential to the spectral unmixing problem Guides the reader through the fundamentals and details of the different methods Presents extensive plots, graphical representations, and illustrations to help readers understand the features of different techniques and to interpret results Bridges the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and highly active chemometric and signal processing research groups

Hyperspectral Imaging

Hyperspectral Imaging Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-29
ISBN : 0444639780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hyperspectral Imaging, Volume 32, presents a comprehensive exploration of the different analytical methodologies applied on hyperspectral imaging and a state-of-the-art analysis of applications in different scientific and industrial areas. This book presents, for the first time, a comprehensive collection of the main multivariate algorithms used for hyperspectral image analysis in different fields of application. The benefits, drawbacks and suitability of each are fully discussed, along with examples of their application. Users will find state-of-the art information on the machinery for hyperspectral image acquisition, along with a critical assessment of the usage of hyperspectral imaging in diverse scientific fields. Provides a comprehensive roadmap of hyperspectral image analysis, with benefits and considerations for each method discussed Covers state-of-the-art applications in different scientific fields Discusses the implementation of hyperspectral devices in different environments

21st Century Nanoscience A Handbook

21st Century Nanoscience   A Handbook Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-04-02
ISBN : 1000698270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This up-to-date reference is the most comprehensive summary of the field of nanoscience and its applications. It begins with fundamental properties at the nanoscale and then goes well beyond into the practical aspects of the design, synthesis, and use of nanomaterials in various industries. It emphasizes the vast strides made in the field over the past decade – the chapters focus on new, promising directions as well as emerging theoretical and experimental methods. The contents incorporate experimental data and graphs where appropriate, as well as supporting tables and figures with a tutorial approach.

21st Century Nanoscience

21st Century Nanoscience Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-05
ISBN : 1351260553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 21st Century Nanoscience Handbook will be the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field of nanoscience. Handbook of Nanophysics, by the same editor, published in the fall of 2010, was embraced as the first comprehensive reference to consider both fundamental and applied aspects of nanophysics. This follow-up project has been conceived as a necessary expansion and full update that considers the significant advances made in the field since 2010. It goes well beyond the physics as warranted by recent developments in the field. Key Features: Provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field. Chapters written by international experts in the field. Emphasises presentation and real results and applications. This handbook distinguishes itself from other works by its breadth of coverage, readability and timely topics. The intended readership is very broad, from students and instructors to engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biomedical researchers, industry professionals, governmental scientists, and others whose work is impacted by nanotechnology. It will be an indispensable resource in academic, government, and industry libraries worldwide. The fields impacted by nanoscience extend from materials science and engineering to biotechnology, biomedical engineering, medicine, electrical engineering, pharmaceutical science, computer technology, aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, food science, and beyond.

Comprehensive Chemometrics

Comprehensive Chemometrics Book
Author : Steven Brown,Roma Tauler,Beata Walczak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-26
ISBN : 0444641661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Chemometrics, Second Edition features expanded and updated coverage, along with new content that covers advances in the field since the previous edition published in 2009. Subject of note include updates in the fields of multidimensional and megavariate data analysis, omics data analysis, big chemical and biochemical data analysis, data fusion and sparse methods. The book follows a similar structure to the previous edition, using the same section titles to frame articles. Many chapters from the previous edition are updated, but there are also many new chapters on the latest developments. Presents integrated reviews of each chemical and biological method, examining their merits and limitations through practical examples and extensive visuals Bridges a gap in knowledge, covering developments in the field since the first edition published in 2009 Meticulously organized, with articles split into 4 sections and 12 sub-sections on key topics to allow students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information quickly and easily Written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions to ensure that the knowledge within is easily understood and applicable to a large audience Presents integrated reviews of each chemical and biological method, examining their merits and limitations through practical examples and extensive visuals Bridges a gap in knowledge, covering developments in the field since the first edition published in 2009 Meticulously organized, with articles split into 4 sections and 12 sub-sections on key topics to allow students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information quickly and easily Written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions to ensure that the knowledge within is easily understood and applicable to a large audience

Process Systems Engineering for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

Process Systems Engineering for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Book
Author : Ravendra Singh,Zhihong Yuan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-16
ISBN : 0444639667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Process Systems Engineering for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing: From Product Design to Enterprise-Wide Decisions, Volume 41, covers the following process systems engineering methods and tools for the modernization of the pharmaceutical industry: computer-aided pharmaceutical product design and pharmaceutical production processes design/synthesis; modeling and simulation of the pharmaceutical processing unit operation, integrated flowsheets and applications for design, analysis, risk assessment, sensitivity analysis, optimization, design space identification and control system design; optimal operation, control and monitoring of pharmaceutical production processes; enterprise-wide optimization and supply chain management for pharmaceutical manufacturing processes. Currently, pharmaceutical companies are going through a paradigm shift, from traditional manufacturing mode to modernized mode, built on cutting edge technology and computer-aided methods and tools. Such shifts can benefit tremendously from the application of methods and tools of process systems engineering. Introduces Process System Engineering (PSE) methods and tools for discovering, developing and deploying greener, safer, cost-effective and efficient pharmaceutical production processes Includes a wide spectrum of case studies where different PSE tools and methods are used to improve various pharmaceutical production processes with distinct final products Examines the future benefits and challenges for applying PSE methods and tools to pharmaceutical manufacturing

Synchrotron Radiation Science and Applications

Synchrotron Radiation Science and Applications Book
Author : Andrea Di Cicco,Gabriele Giuli,Angela Trapananti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-22
ISBN : 3030720055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects several contributions presented at the 2019 meeting of the Italian Synchrotron Radiation Society (SILS), held in Camerino, Italy, from 9 to 11 September 2019. Topics included are recent developments in synchrotron radiation facilities and instrumentation, novel methods for data analysis, applications in the fields of materials physics and chemistry, Earth and environmental science, coherence in x-ray experiments. The book is intended for advanced students and researchers interested in synchrotron-based techniques and their application in diverse fields.

Chemometrics based Spectroscopy for Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

Chemometrics based Spectroscopy for Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis Book
Author : Hoang Vu Dang,Federico Marini
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 2889458458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemometrics is the application of mathematics and statistics to chemical data in order to design or select optimal experimental procedures, to provide maximum relevant information, and to obtain knowledge about systems under study. This chemical discipline has constantly developed to become a mature field of Analytical Chemistry after its inception in the 1970s. The utility and versatility of chemometric techniques enable spectroscopists to perform multidimensional classification and/or calibration of spectral data that make identification and quantification of analytes in complex mixtures possible.Wavelets are mathematical functions that cut up data into different frequency components, and then study each component with a resolution matched to its scale. They are now being adapted for a vast number of signal processing due to their unprecedented success in terms of asymptotic optimality, spatial adaptivity and computational efficiency. In analytical chemistry, they have increasingly shown great applicability and have been preferred over existing signal processing algorithms in noise removal, resolution enhancement, data compression and chemometrics modeling in chemical studies.The aim of this Research Topic is to present state-of-the-art applications of chemometrics, in the field of spectroscopy, with special attention to the use of wavelet transform. Both reviews and original research articles on pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis are welcome in the specialty section Analytical Chemistry.

Computer Control of Fermentation Processes

Computer Control of Fermentation Processes Book
Author : Daniel R. Omstead
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 1000141756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this volume is to describe the components, assembly, and implementation of computer-based process control systems. Presented in two sections, it illustrates how such systems have been used to monitor and control industrial fermentation processes as a means to improve our understanding of product biosynthesis. This book covers the fields of indirect parameter estimation and fermentation-specific control algorithms. It also includes chapters which describe system architecture and process application, process control, on-line liquid sampling and computer system architecture. This is an ideal source for anyone involved with biotechnology, bioengineering, microbial technology, chemical engineering, and computer control.

Data Analysis for Omic Sciences Methods and Applications

Data Analysis for Omic Sciences  Methods and Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-22
ISBN : 0444640452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Analysis for Omic Sciences: Methods and Applications, Volume 82, shows how these types of challenging datasets can be analyzed. Examples of applications in real environmental, clinical and food analysis cases help readers disseminate these approaches. Chapters of note include an Introduction to Data Analysis Relevance in the Omics Era, Omics Experimental Design and Data Acquisition, Microarrays Data, Analysis of High-Throughput RNA Sequencing Data, Analysis of High-Throughput DNA Bisulfite Sequencing Data, Data Quality Assessment in Untargeted LC-MS Metabolomic, Data Normalization and Scaling, Metabolomics Data Preprocessing, and more. Presents the best reference book for omics data analysis Provides a review of the latest trends in transcriptomics and metabolomics data analysis tools Includes examples of applications in research fields, such as environmental, biomedical and food analysis

A Changing World

A Changing World Book
Author : Felix Kienast,Otto Wildi,Sucharita Ghosh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-03-16
ISBN : 1402044364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern landscape research uses a panoply of techniques to further our understanding of our changing world, including mathematics, statistics and advanced simulation techniques to combine empirical observations with known theories. This book identifies emerging fields and new challenges that are discussed within the framework of the ‘driving forces’ of Landscape Development. the book addresses all of the ‘hot topics’ in this important area of study and emphasizes major contemporary trends in these fields.

Carotenoids

Carotenoids Book
Author : Dragan Cvetkovic,Goran Nikolic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 9535132113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carotenoids are one of the most widespread pigment groups distributed in nature; more than 700 natural carotenoids have been described so far. These pigments are known for versatile roles they play in living organisms; however, their most pivotal function is involvement in scavenging of reactive oxygen species and photoprotection. In the same time, carotenoids as natural pigments with important biological activities, such as antioxidant and provitamin A activity, have a great potential in the food, feed and pharmaceutical industries. They can be either extracted from plants and algae or synthesized by various microorganisms, including bacteria, yeasts, filamentous fungi and microalgae.

Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy

Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy Book
Author : Graham A. Webb
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-11-20
ISBN : 0123743370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The great importance of NMR in many areas of scientific research is once again highlighted in this volume of Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy. Provides updates on the latest developments in NMR spectroscopy Includes comprehensive review articles Highlights the increasing importance of NMR spectroscopy as a technique for structural determination

The Handbook of Organic Compounds Three Volume Set

The Handbook of Organic Compounds  Three Volume Set Book
Author : Jerry Workman, Jr.
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-10-18
ISBN : 0080533655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Organic Compounds: NIR, IR, Raman, and UV-Vis Spectra Featuring Polymers and Surfactants represents a compendium of practical spectroscopic methodology, comprehensive reviews, and basic information for organic materials, surfactants, and polymer spectra covering the Ultraviolet, Visible, Near Infrared, Infrared, Raman and Dielectric measurement techniques. This set represents a complementary organic compound handbook to the Nyquist inorganic handbook, published in 1996. This set comprises the first comprehensive multi-volume handbook to provide basic coverage for UV-Vis, 4th overtone NIR, 3rd overtone NIR, NIR, Infrared, Raman spectra, and Dielectric data for common organic compounds, polymers, surfactants, contaminants, and inorganic materials commonly encountered in the laboratory. The text includes a description and reviews of interpretive and chemometric techniques used for spectral data analysis. The spectra included within the atlas are useful for identification purposes as well as pedagogical for the instruction of the various interpretive and data processing methods discussed. This work is designed to be of help to students and vibrational spectroscopists in their efforts of daily spectral interpretation and data processing of organic spectra, polymers, and surfactants. All spectra are presented in wavenumber and transmittance, with the addition of ultraviolet, visible, 4th overtone NIR, 3rd overtone NIR, and NIR spectra also represented in nanometers and absorbance space. In addition, some Horizontal infrared ATR spectra are presented in wavenumber and absorbance space. All spectra are shown with essential peaks labeled in their respective units. The material in this handbook was contributed to by several individuals, and comments were received from a variety of prominent workers in the field of molecular spectroscopy. This type of handbook project is a daunting task. This Handbook can provide a valuable reference for the daily activities of students and professionals working in modern molecular spectroscopy laboratories. * Indices for UV-Vis, fourth overtone NIR, third overtone NIR, NIR, IR, raman, and dielectric spectra * Unique detailed correlation charts for each of these spectral regions * Indices of spectra by alphabetical order, chemical class, and chemical formula * Cross referencing of common compounds for all spectral regions * Literature reviews of historical and most useful references in the field * Research oriented for those using molecular spectroscopy on a routine basis for interpretation, qualitative and quantitative analysis * An emphasis on near infrared and infrared spectral regions

Microbiome and Metabolome in Diagnosis Therapy and other Strategic Applications

Microbiome and Metabolome in Diagnosis  Therapy  and other Strategic Applications Book
Author : Joel Faintuch,Salomao Faintuch
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 0128152508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiome and Metabolome in Diagnosis, Therapy, and Other Strategic Applications is the first book to simultaneously cover the microbiome and the metabolome in relevant clinical conditions. In a pioneering fashion, it addresses not only the classic intestinal environment, but also the oral, gastric, lung, skin and vaginal microbiome that is in line with the latest investigations. Nonbacterial microbiomes, such as fungi and viruses are not overlooked, and the plasma microbiome is also discussed. As plasma, brain, placenta, tumor cells, and other sterile fluids and tissues, are increasingly recognized to potentially host a microbiome, albeit a limited one, this is a timely resource. The book's editors were fortunate to have the input of renowned collaborators from nearly all continents. This is truly an international effort that brings the latest in the field to students and professionals alike. Provides comprehensive coverage on diagnosis, therapy, pharmacotherapy and disease prevention in context of the microbiome and metabolome Focuses on the proposed physiological or pathological conditions Presents an up-to-date, useful reference

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Book
Author : G A Webb,Krystyna Kamienska-Trela
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010-04-09
ISBN : 1849730849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a spectroscopic method, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has seen spectacular growth, both as a technique and in its applications. Today's applications of NMR span a wide range of scientific disciplines, from physics to biology to medicine. Each volume of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance comprises a combination of annual and biennial reports which together provide comprehensive coverage of the literature on this topic. This Specialist Periodical Report reflects the growing volume of published work involving NMR techniques and applications, in particular NMR of natural macromolecules, which is covered in two reports: NMR of Proteins and Nucleic Acids and NMR of Carbohydrates, Lipids and Membranes. For those wanting to become rapidly aquainted with specific areas of NMR, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance provides unrivalled scope of coverage. Seasoned practitioners of NMR will find this an invaluable source of current methods and applications.

Analytical Ultracentrifugation

Analytical Ultracentrifugation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-24
ISBN : 0128029099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Ultracentrifugation, the latest volume in Methods in Enzymology, focuses on analytical ultracentrifugation. The scope of this technique has greatly expanded in recent years due to advances in instrumentation, algorithms and software. This volume describes the latest innovations in the field and in the applications of analytical ultracentrifugation in the analysis of macromolecules, macromolecular assemblies, and biopharmaceuticals. Timely contribution that describes a rapidly changing field Leading researchers in the field Broad coverage: instrumentation, basic theory, data analysis, and applications

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra Book
Author : John R. Ferraro,Louis J. Basile
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323140181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The final and largest volume to complete this four-volume treatise is published in response to the intense commercial and research interest in Fourier Transform Interferometry. Presenting current information from leading experts in the field, Volume 4 introduces new information on, for example, applications of Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy in the Far-Infrared Region. The editors place emphasis on surface studies and address advances in Capillary Gas Chromatography - Fourier Transform Interferometry. Volume 4 especially benefits spectroscopists and physicists, as well as researchers in physical, analytical, and surface chemistry. FROM THE PREFACE: Several reasons can be cited for the need to publish Volume 4 in this treatise. First, interest in Fourier transform interferometry (FT-IR) has continued. The number of commercial manufacturers of FT-IR instrumentation has increased, reflecting the increase in demand for such instrumentation. The main thrust in FT-IR instrumentation has focused on applications, and many techniques using FT-IR instrumentation have been generated in order to solve problems heretofore unsolvable. The interest in surfaces relative to catalysts, polymers, and electrical conductors has escalated. Three chapters in Volume 4 are devoted to surfaces. Second, the great acceptance of Volumes 1 through 3 and the demand to continue the treatise have induced us to publish Volume 4. The present volume contains nine chapters, making it the largest of the four volumes. Chapter 1 deals with infrared data processing techniques. Chapter 2 concerns itself with circular dichroism*b1FT-IR. Chapter 3 presents an update on GC*b1FT-IR, a rapidly moving field. Chapter 4 deals with the combination of FT-IR and thermal analysis. Advances in coal analyses using FT-IR are presented in Chapter 5. Reflectance studies are highlighted in Chapters 6, 7, and 8. Chapter 6 deals with structural characterizations made with Langmuir*b1Blodgett monolayers. Also in Chapter 6, the extension of DRIFT into the far-infrared region is shown to be feasible and valuable. Reflection*b1absorption surface studies (FT-IRRAS) are discussed in Chapter 8. Chapter 9 updates us on photoacoustic spectroscopy*b1FT-IR. All of the contributions are made by working experts in these areas. It is the hope that Volume 4 continues in the spirit of the purpose of these volumes, namely, to keep the scientific communities abreast of new developments in FT-IR as applied to chemical systems.

Compact NMR

Compact NMR Book
Author : Bernhard Blümich,Sabina Haber-Pohlmeier,Wasif Zia
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2014-01-31
ISBN : 3110266717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of this book is to provide an introduction to the practical use of mobile NMR at a level as basic as the operation of a smart phone. Each description follows the same didactic pattern: introduction, basic theory, pulse sequences and parameters, beginners-level measurements, advanced-level measurements, and data processing. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most popular method for chemists to analyze molecular structures while Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive diagnostic tool for medical doctors that provides high-contrast images of biological tissue depicting the brain function and the beating heart. In both applications large super-conducting magnets are employed which magnetize atomic nuclei of an object positioned inside the magnet. Their circulating motion is interrogated by radio-frequency waves. Depending on the operating mode, the frequency spectrum provides the chemist with molecular information, the medical doctor with anatomic images, while the materials scientist is interested in NMR relaxation parameters, which scale with material properties and determine the contrast in magnetic resonance images. Recent advances in magnet technology led to a variety of small permanent magnets, by which NMR spectra, images, and relaxation parameters can be measured with mobile and low-cost instruments.