# Residuated Lattices An Algebraic Glimpse At Substructural Logics

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## Residuated Lattices An Algebraic Glimpse at Substructural Logics

Author : Nikolaos Galatos,Peter Jipsen,Tomasz Kowalski,Hiroakira Ono
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-04-25
ISBN : 9780080489643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

The book is meant to serve two purposes. The first and more obvious one is to present state of the art results in algebraic research into residuated structures related to substructural logics. The second, less obvious but equally important, is to provide a reasonably gentle introduction to algebraic logic. At the beginning, the second objective is predominant. Thus, in the first few chapters the reader will find a primer of universal algebra for logicians, a crash course in nonclassical logics for algebraists, an introduction to residuated structures, an outline of Gentzen-style calculi as well as some titbits of proof theory - the celebrated Hauptsatz, or cut elimination theorem, among them. These lead naturally to a discussion of interconnections between logic and algebra, where we try to demonstrate how they form two sides of the same coin. We envisage that the initial chapters could be used as a textbook for a graduate course, perhaps entitled Algebra and Substructural Logics. As the book progresses the first objective gains predominance over the second. Although the precise point of equilibrium would be difficult to specify, it is safe to say that we enter the technical part with the discussion of various completions of residuated structures. These include Dedekind-McNeille completions and canonical extensions. Completions are used later in investigating several finiteness properties such as the finite model property, generation of varieties by their finite members, and finite embeddability. The algebraic analysis of cut elimination that follows, also takes recourse to completions. Decidability of logics, equational and quasi-equational theories comes next, where we show how proof theoretical methods like cut elimination are preferable for small logics/theories, but semantic tools like Rabin's theorem work better for big ones. Then we turn to Glivenko's theorem, which says that a formula is an intuitionistic tautology if and only if its double negation is a classical one. We generalise it to the substructural setting, identifying for each substructural logic its Glivenko equivalence class with smallest and largest element. This is also where we begin investigating lattices of logics and varieties, rather than particular examples. We continue in this vein by presenting a number of results concerning minimal varieties/maximal logics. A typical theorem there says that for some given well-known variety its subvariety lattice has precisely such-and-such number of minimal members (where values for such-and-such include, but are not limited to, continuum, countably many and two). In the last two chapters we focus on the lattice of varieties corresponding to logics without contraction. In one we prove a negative result: that there are no nontrivial splittings in that variety. In the other, we prove a positive one: that semisimple varieties coincide with discriminator ones. Within the second, more technical part of the book another transition process may be traced. Namely, we begin with logically inclined technicalities and end with algebraically inclined ones. Here, perhaps, algebraic rendering of Glivenko theorems marks the equilibrium point, at least in the sense that finiteness properties, decidability and Glivenko theorems are of clear interest to logicians, whereas semisimplicity and discriminator varieties are universal algebra par exellence. It is for the reader to judge whether we succeeded in weaving these threads into a seamless fabric.

## Mathematics Logic and Their Philosophies

Author : Mojtaba Mojtahedi,Shahid Rahman,Mohammad Saleh Zarepour
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030536548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This volume is a collection of essays in honour of Professor Mohammad Ardeshir. It examines topics which, in one way or another, are connected to the various aspects of his multidisciplinary research interests. Based on this criterion, the book is divided into three general categories. The first category includes papers on non-classical logics, including intuitionistic logic, constructive logic, basic logic, and substructural logic. The second category is made up of papers discussing issues in the contemporary philosophy of mathematics and logic. The third category contains papers on Avicennas logic and philosophy. Mohammad Ardeshir is a full professor of mathematical logic at the Department of Mathematical Sciences, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, where he has taught generations of students for around a quarter century. Mohammad Ardeshir is known in the first place for his prominent works in basic logic and constructive mathematics. His areas of interest are however much broader and include topics in intuitionistic philosophy of mathematics and Arabic philosophy of logic and mathematics. In addition to numerous research articles in leading international journals, Ardeshir is the author of a highly praised Persian textbook in mathematical logic. Partly through his writings and translations, the school of mathematical intuitionism was introduced to the Iranian academic community.

## Algebraic Perspectives on Substructural Logics

Author : Davide Fazio,Antonio Ledda,Francesco Paoli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-07
ISBN : 303052163X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This volume presents the state of the art in the algebraic investigation into substructural logics. It features papers from the workshop AsubL (Algebra & Substructural Logics - Take 6). Held at the University of Cagliari, Italy, this event is part of the framework of the Horizon 2020 Project SYSMICS: SYntax meets Semantics: Methods, Interactions, and Connections in Substructural logics. Substructural logics are usually formulated as Gentzen systems that lack one or more structural rules. They have been intensively studied over the past two decades by logicians of various persuasions. These researchers include mathematicians, philosophers, linguists, and computer scientists. Substructural logics are applicable to the mathematical investigation of such processes as resource-conscious reasoning, approximate reasoning, type-theoretical grammar, and other focal notions in computer science. They also apply to epistemology, economics, and linguistics. The recourse to algebraic methods -- or, better, the fecund interplay of algebra and proof theory -- has proved useful in providing a unifying framework for these investigations. The AsubL series of conferences, in particular, has played an important role in these developments. This collection will appeal to students and researchers with an interest in substructural logics, abstract algebraic logic, residuated lattices, proof theory, universal algebra, and logical semantics.

## Trends in Logic

Author : Vincent F. Hendricks,Jacek Malinowski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401735980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

In 1953, exactly 50 years ago to this day, the first volume of Studia Logica appeared under the auspices of The Philosophical Committee of The Polish Academy of Sciences. Now, five decades later the present volume is dedicated to a celebration of this 50th Anniversary of Studia Logica. The volume features a series of papers by distinguished scholars reflecting both the aim and scope of this journal for symbolic logic.

## Interval Probabilistic Uncertainty and Non classical Logics

Author : Van-Nam Huynh,Yoshiteru Nakamori,Hiroakira Ono,Jonathan Lawry,Vladik Kreinovich,Hung T. Nguyen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-11
ISBN : 3540776648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book contains the proceedings of the first International Workshop on Interval/Probabilistic Uncertainty and Non Classical Logics, Ishikawa, Japan, March 25-28, 2008. The workshop brought together researchers working on interval and probabilistic uncertainty and on non-classical logics. It is hoped this workshop will lead to a boost in the much-needed collaboration between the uncertainty analysis and non-classical logic communities, and thus, to better processing of uncertainty.

## The Application of Fuzzy Logic for Managerial Decision Making Processes

Author : Andreas Meier,Edy Portmann,Kilian Stoffel,Luis Terán
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-30
ISBN : 3319540483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book addresses the latest research and applications of fuzzy management methods for business decisions. It showcases a broad set of applications and discusses topics such as measures for the quality of analytics outcomes in big data environments; how fuzzy management methods support the inclusion of human thinking and human behavior in decision making processes; how to generate better results with fuzzy management methods in cases of imprecise information; new personalization concepts enabled by fuzzy logic for the offering of customized products and services especially in the electronic market; and lastly the application of fuzzy analysis for executives using natural rather than computer language. The combination of research papers and case studies makes it a valuable resource both for researchers and practitioners in the digital economy.

## Don Pigozzi on Abstract Algebraic Logic Universal Algebra and Computer Science

Author : Janusz Czelakowski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 331974772X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book celebrates the work of Don Pigozzi on the occasion of his 80th birthday. In addition to articles written by leading specialists and his disciples, it presents Pigozzi’s scientific output and discusses his impact on the development of science. The book both catalogues his works and offers an extensive profile of Pigozzi as a person, sketching the most important events, not only related to his scientific activity, but also from his personal life. It reflects Pigozzi's contribution to the rise and development of areas such as abstract algebraic logic (AAL), universal algebra and computer science, and introduces new scientific results. Some of the papers also present chronologically ordered facts relating to the development of the disciplines he contributed to, especially abstract algebraic logic. The book offers valuable source material for historians of science, especially those interested in history of mathematics and logic.

## Logic for Programming Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning

Author : Martin Davis,Ansgar Fehnker,Annabelle McIver,Andrei Voronkov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 366248899X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning, LPAR-20, held in November 2015, in Suva, Fiji. The 43 regular papers presented together with 1 invited talk included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 92 submissions. The series of International Conferences on Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning, LPAR, is a forum where, year after year, some of the most renowned researchers in the areas of logic, automated reasoning, computational logic, programming languages and their applications come to present cutting-edge results, to discuss advances in these fields, and to exchange ideas in a scientifically emerging part of the world.

## Petr H jek on Mathematical Fuzzy Logic

Author : Franco Montagna
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-23
ISBN : 3319062336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This volume celebrates the work of Petr Hájek on mathematical fuzzy logic and presents how his efforts have influenced prominent logicians who are continuing his work. The book opens with a discussion on Hájek's contribution to mathematical fuzzy logic and with a scientific biography of him, progresses to include two articles with a foundation flavour, that demonstrate some important aspects of Hájek's production, namely, a paper on the development of fuzzy sets and another paper on some fuzzy versions of set theory and arithmetic. Articles in the volume also focus on the treatment of vagueness, building connections between Hájek's favorite fuzzy logic and linguistic models of vagueness. Other articles introduce alternative notions of consequence relation, namely, the preservation of truth degrees, which is discussed in a general context, and the differential semantics. For the latter, a surprisingly strong standard completeness theorem is proved. Another contribution also looks at two principles valid in classical logic and characterize the three main t-norm logics in terms of these principles. Other articles, with an algebraic flavour, offer a summary of the applications of lattice ordered-groups to many-valued logic and to quantum logic, as well as an investigation of prelinearity in varieties of pointed lattice ordered algebras that satisfy a weak form of distributivity and have a very weak implication. The last part of the volume contains an article on possibilistic modal logics defined over MTL chains, a topic that Hájek discussed in his celebrated work, Metamathematics of Fuzzy Logic, and another one where the authors, besides offering unexpected premises such as proposing to call Hájek's basic fuzzy logic HL, instead of BL, propose a very weak system, called SL as a candidate for the role of the really basic fuzzy logic. The paper also provides a generalization of the prelinearity axiom, which was investigated by Hájek in the context of fuzzy logic.

## Relational and Algebraic Methods in Computer Science

Author : Uli Fahrenberg,Peter Jipsen,Michael Winter
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-01
ISBN : 3030435202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Relational and Algebraic Methods in Computer Science, RAMiCS 2020, which was due to be held in Palaiseau, France, in April 2020. The conference was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 20 full papers presented together with 3 invited abstracts were carefully selected from 29 submissions. Topics covered range from mathematical foundations to applications as conceptual and methodological tools in computer science and beyond.

## Modality Semantics and Interpretations

Author : Shier Ju,Hu Liu,Hiroakira Ono
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-07-03
ISBN : 3662471973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This contributed volume includes both theoretical research on philosophical logic and its applications in artificial intelligence, mostly employing the concepts and techniques of modal logic. It collects selected papers presented at the Second Asia Workshop on Philosophical Logic, held in Guangzhou, China in 2014, as well as a number of invited papers by specialists in related fields. The contributions represent pioneering philosophical logic research in Asia.

## Arnon Avron on Semantics and Proof Theory of Non Classical Logics

Author : Ofer Arieli,Anna Zamansky
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 3030712583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book is a collection of contributions honouring Arnon Avron’s seminal work on the semantics and proof theory of non-classical logics. It includes presentations of advanced work by some of the most esteemed scholars working on semantic and proof-theoretical aspects of computer science logic. Topics in this book include frameworks for paraconsistent reasoning, foundations of relevance logics, analysis and characterizations of modal logics and fuzzy logics, hypersequent calculi and their properties, non-deterministic semantics, algebraic structures for many-valued logics, and representations of the mechanization of mathematics. Avron’s foundational and pioneering contributions have been widely acknowledged and adopted by the scientific community. His research interests are very broad, spanning over proof theory, automated reasoning, non-classical logics, foundations of mathematics, and applications of logic in computer science and artificial intelligence. This is clearly reflected by the diversity of topics discussed in the chapters included in this book, all of which directly relate to Avron’s past and present works. This book is of interest to computer scientists and scholars of formal logic.

## Joachim Lambek The Interplay of Mathematics Logic and Linguistics

Author : Claudia Casadio,Philip J. Scott
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-21
ISBN : 3030665453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book is dedicated to the life and work of the mathematician Joachim Lambek (1922–2014). The editors gather together noted experts to discuss the state of the art of various of Lambek’s works in logic, category theory, and linguistics and to celebrate his contributions to those areas over the course of his multifaceted career. After early work in combinatorics and elementary number theory, Lambek became a distinguished algebraist (notably in ring theory). In the 1960s, he began to work in category theory, categorical algebra, logic, proof theory, and foundations of computability. In a parallel development, beginning in the late 1950s and for the rest of his career, Lambek also worked extensively in mathematical linguistics and computational approaches to natural languages. He and his collaborators perfected production and type grammars for numerous natural languages. Lambek grammars form an early noncommutative precursor to Girard’s linear logic. In a surprising development (2000), he introduced a novel and deeper algebraic framework (which he called pregroup grammars) for analyzing natural language, along with algebraic, higher category, and proof-theoretic semantics. This book is of interest to mathematicians, logicians, linguists, and computer scientists.

## The Road to Universal Logic

Author : Arnold Koslow,Arthur Buchsbaum
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2015-06-10
ISBN : 3319153684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This second volume of a collection of papers offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic. It is presented in honor of the fiftieth birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau. The papers touch upon a wide range of topics including paraconsistent logic, quantum logic, geometry of oppositions, categorical logic, computational logic, fundamental logic notions (identity, rule, quantification) and history of logic (Leibniz, Peirce, Hilbert). The volume gathers personal recollections about Jean-Yves Béziau and an autobiography, followed by 25 papers written by internationally distinguished logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers, including Irving Anellis, Dov Gabbay, Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Istvan Németi, Henri Prade. These essays will be of interest to all students and researchers interested in the nature and future of logic.

## On Logical Algebraic and Probabilistic Aspects of Fuzzy Set Theory

Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-11
ISBN : 3319288083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

The book is a collection of contributions by leading experts, developed around traditional themes discussed at the annual Linz Seminars on Fuzzy Set Theory. The different chapters have been written by former PhD students, colleagues, co-authors and friends of Peter Klement, a leading researcher and the organizer of the Linz Seminars on Fuzzy Set Theory. The book also includes advanced findings on topics inspired by Klement’s research activities, concerning copulas, measures and integrals, as well as aggregation problems. Some of the chapters reflect personal views and controversial aspects of traditional topics, while others deal with deep mathematical theories, such as the algebraic and logical foundations of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic. Originally thought as an homage to Peter Klement, the book also represents an advanced reference guide to the mathematical theories related to fuzzy logic and fuzzy set theory with the potential to stimulate important discussions on new research directions in the field.

## Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence

Author : Hepu Deng,Duoqian Miao,Jingsheng Lei,Fu Lee Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-12
ISBN : 3642238807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This three-volume proceedings contains revised selected papers from the Second International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence, AICI 2011, held in Taiyuan, China, in September 2011. The total of 265 high-quality papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 1073 submissions. The topics of Part I covered are: applications of artificial intelligence; applications of computational intelligence; automated problem solving; biomedical inforamtics and computation; brain models/cognitive science; data mining and knowledge discovering; distributed AI and agents; evolutionary programming; expert and decision support systems; fuzzy computation; fuzzy logic and soft computing; and genetic algorithms.

## Non commutative Multiple Valued Logic Algebras

Author : Lavinia Corina Ciungu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-23
ISBN : 3319015893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This monograph provides a self-contained and easy-to-read introduction to non-commutative multiple-valued logic algebras; a subject which has attracted much interest in the past few years because of its impact on information science, artificial intelligence and other subjects. A study of the newest results in the field, the monograph includes treatment of pseudo-BCK algebras, pseudo-hoops, residuated lattices, bounded divisible residuated lattices, pseudo-MTL algebras, pseudo-BL algebras and pseudo-MV algebras. It provides a fresh perspective on new trends in logic and algebras in that algebraic structures can be developed into fuzzy logics which connect quantum mechanics, mathematical logic, probability theory, algebra and soft computing. Written in a clear, concise and direct manner, Non-Commutative Multiple-Valued Logic Algebras will be of interest to masters and PhD students, as well as researchers in mathematical logic and theoretical computer science.

## Relational and Algebraic Methods in Computer Science

Author : Peter Höfner,Damien Pous,Georg Struth
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-08
ISBN : 3319574183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Relational and Algebraic Methods in Computer Science, RAMiCS 2017, held in Lyon, France, in May 2017. The 17 revised full papers and 2 invited papers presented together with 1 invited abstract were carefully selected from 28 submissions. Topics covered range from mathematical foundations to applications as conceptual and methodological tools in computer science and beyond.

## Logic Language Information and Computation

Author : Jouko Väänänen,Åsa Hirvonen,Ruy de Queiroz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 3662529211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2016, held in Puebla, Mexico, in August 2016.The 23 contributed papers, presented together with 9 invited lectures and tutorials, were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. The focus of the workshop is to provide a forum on inter-disciplinary research involving formal logic, computing and programming theory, and natural language and reasoning.

## Logic Computation Hierarchies

Author : Vasco Brattka,Hannes Diener,Dieter Spreen
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2014-09-04
ISBN : 1614518041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Published in honor of Victor L. Selivanov, the 17 articles collected in this volume inform on the latest developments in computability theory and its applications in computable analysis; descriptive set theory and topology; and the theory of omega-languages; as well as non-classical logics, such as temporal logic and paraconsistent logic. This volume will be of interest to mathematicians and logicians, as well as theoretical computer scientists.