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Researching Developing Countries

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Wellbeing in Developing Countries

Wellbeing in Developing Countries Book
Author : Ian Gough,J. Allister McGregor
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-05-31
ISBN : 1139464078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a world where many experience unprecedented levels of wellbeing, chronic poverty remains a major concern for many developing countries and the international community. Conventional frameworks for understanding development and poverty have focused on money, commodities and economic growth. This 2007 book challenges these conventional approaches and contributes to a new paradigm for development centred on human wellbeing. Poor people are not defined solely by their poverty and a wellbeing approach provides a better means of understanding how people become and stay poor. It examines three perspectives: ideas of human functioning, capabilities and needs; the analysis of livelihoods and resource use; and research on subjective wellbeing and happiness. A range of international experts from psychology, economics, anthropology, sociology, political science and development evaluate the state-of-the-art in understanding wellbeing from these perspectives. This book establishes a new strategy and methodology for researching wellbeing that can influence policy.

Health Research

Health Research Book
Author : Commission on Health Research for Development
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1990
ISBN : 9780195208382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Health and development. Funding research. Research priorities in developing countries, in industrialized countries and international centers. International research promotion. An agenda for action. Summary of specific-recommendations

Exploitation and Developing Countries

Exploitation and Developing Countries Book
Author : Jennifer S. Hawkins,Ezekiel J. Emanuel
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2008-08-04
ISBN : 1400837324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When is clinical research in developing countries exploitation? Exploitation is a concept in ordinary moral thought that has not often been analyzed outside the Marxist tradition. Yet it is commonly used to describe interactions that seem morally suspect in some way. A case in point is clinical research sponsored by developed countries and carried out in developing countries, with participants who are poor and sick, and lack education. Such individuals seem vulnerable to abuse. But does this, by itself, make such research exploitative? Exploitation and Developing Countries is an attempt by philosophers and bioethicists to reflect on the meaning of exploitation, to ask whether and when clinical research in developing countries counts as exploitative, and to consider what can be done to minimize the possibility of exploitation in such circumstances. These reflections should interest clinical researchers, since locating the line between appropriate and inappropriate use of subjects--the line between exploitation and fair use--is the central question at the heart of research ethics. Reflection on this rich and important moral concept should also interest normative moral philosophers of a non-Marxist bent. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Richard J. Arneson, Alisa L. Carse, Margaret Olivia Little, Thomas Pogge, Andrew W. Siegel, and Alan Wertheimer.

Developing Areas

Developing Areas Book
Author : Vijayan Pillai,Lyle Shannon,Judith L. McKim
Publisher : Bloomsbury USA Academic
Release : 1995-02-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With subjects ranging from the global challenge of the AIDS epidemic to the role of family planning in developing nations, and the link between Central America's forests and North America's hamburgers, this interdisciplinary introduction by some of the world's foremost experts in development studies will be an essential text for courses in this area. It provides an exhaustive overview of the social, political, economic and population problems of countries in what is usually referred to as the Third World and, more recently, the Fourth World. Although colonialism is considered as a contributing factor to underdevelopment, emphasis in this volume is placed on the interrelation of major social institutions, their impact on economic and social development, and the effect of rapidly expanding industrialization on the ecosystem.

Culture Matters

Culture Matters Book
Author : Susan Sauer Sloan,Joe Alper,Planning Committee for the Workshop on Culture Matters: An Approach to International Research Agreements,Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable
Publisher : National Academy Press
Release : 2014-09-12
ISBN : 9780309308953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In an increasingly interconnected world, science and technology research often transects international boundaries and involves researchers from multiple nations. This paradigm provides both new opportunities and new challenges. As science and technology capabilities grow around the world, United States-based organizations are finding that international collaborations and partnerships provide unique opportunities to enhance research and training. At the same time, enhancing international collaboration requires recognition of differences in culture, legitimate national security needs, and critical needs in education and training. "Culture Matters" is the summary of a workshop convened by the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable (GUIRR) in July 2013 to address how culture and cultural perception influence and impact the process by which research agreements are made and negotiated across international boundaries. In this workshop, "Culture Matters: An Approach to International Research Agreements," representatives from around the world and from GUIRR's three constituent sectors - government, university, and industry - gathered to provide input into four specific meeting tracks or domains. The tracks focused on research and agreements affecting or involving people/human subjects; environmental and natural resources; science, engineering, and manufacturing; and agriculture and animal issues. This report examines each of these domains and the role that culture and cultural expectations may have in the forging and implementation of international research agreements.

Double Standards in Medical Research in Developing Countries

Double Standards in Medical Research in Developing Countries Book
Author : Ruth Macklin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2004-05-27
ISBN : 9780521541701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent international developments show that essential medications can be made affordable and accessible to developing countries, and that double standards need not prevail. This is the first book to examine these issues, drawing the bold conclusion that double standards in medical research are ethically unacceptable."--BOOK JACKET.

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Book
Author : Dean T. Jamison,Joel G. Breman,Anthony R. Measham,George Alleyne,Mariam Claeson,David B. Evans,Prabhat Jha,Anne Mills,Philip Musgrove
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2006-04-02
ISBN : 0821361805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.

Child Welfare in Developing Countries

Child Welfare in Developing Countries Book
Author : John Cockburn,Jane Kabubo-Mariara
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-08-09
ISBN : 1441962751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

to establish impact, attributing observed changes in welfare to the intervention, while identifying key factors of success. Impact evaluations are aimed at providing feedback to help improve the design of programs and policies. They also provide greater accountability and a tool for dynamic learning, allowing policymakers to improve ongoing programs and ultimately better allocate funds across programs. Such a causal analysis is essential for understanding the relative role of alternative interventions in reducing poverty. The papers in this section again adopt a variety of techniques. The rst two impact evaluation studies employ propensity score matching to establish, ex-post, a valid control group to assess the impact on child schooling outcomes among b- e ciaries of various interventions in Kenya and Ethiopia. The third chapter c- ries out an ex-ante evaluation of alternative cash transfer programs on child school attendance in Uruguay. The nal paper further carries out in-depth macro-modeling and micro-regression analysis to simulate the impacts of the food crisis and various policy responses, including food subsidies and cash transfers, on various dimensions of child poverty in Mali. Though using different approaches, the studies are gen- ally in agreement concerning the positive impact of the cash transfer program on child schooling and labor market outcomes. The studies from Kenya and Uruguay both nd that the schooling interventions are progressive.

Discourses of the Developing World

Discourses of the Developing World Book
Author : Shi-xu,Kwesi Kwaa Prah,María Laura Pardo
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-28
ISBN : 1317702549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Against the backdrop of overwhelming discourse scholarship emanating from the Western cosmopolitan centres, this volume offers a development-centred approach to unfamiliar, marginalized or otherwise disadvantaged discourses of the Third World or the Global South. Written by leading researchers based in Asia, Africa and Latin America, respectively, this book reconstructs Eastern paradigms of communication studies on the one hand and explores the discursive problems, complexities, aspirations, and dynamics of the non-Western, subaltern, and developing societies on the other. As methodological principles, the authors i) adopt the cultural-political stance of supporting cultural diversity and harmony at both academic and everyday levels, ii) draw upon Asian, African and Latino scholarship in critical dialogue with the existing mainstream traditions, and iii) make sense of the discourses of Asia, Africa and Latin America from their own local as well as global, historical and intercultural, perspectives. This book will particularly appeal to scholars and students in the fields of discourse studies, communication and cultural studies, and development studies.

Rethinking Research on Land Degradation in Developing Countries

Rethinking Research on Land Degradation in Developing Countries Book
Author : Yvan Biot
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1995-01-01
ISBN : 9780821333297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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World Bank Technical Paper No. 280. Addresses the need to improve the administration of justice in Latin America and the Caribbean and provides effective strategies for reform. Judicial reform is a new area of interest for the World Bank. This book addresses the need to improve the administration of justice in Latin America and the Caribbean and provides effective strategies for reform. The report combines the experiences of more than 20 countries in their effort to enhance the quality and efficiency of their judicial systems. The authors highlight the importance of the judiciary in economic development, with a particular focus on court administration, the judicial institutional framework, alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, procedural reforms, access to justice, and the role of the legal profession.

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Research, Development, and Institutional Strengthening for Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1998-10-29
ISBN : 0309061377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are increasing in epidemic proportions in developing countries. CVD already accounts for almost 10 percent of the developing world's burden of disease and is likely to become the developing world's leading cause of death. There is reason for hope, however, given that huge potential exists for applying R&D to control this emerging epidemic--both in creating powerful new interventions such as vaccines and dietary supplements and in guiding behavior. In addition, a considerable body of evidence suggests that current risk-factor prevention programs and low-cost case management of CVD offer feasible, cost-effective ways to reduce CVD mortality and disability in developing country populations. Large-scale CVD control efforts are lacking, however, and thus governments and individuals are left to make choices about health and health care services without the benefit of appropriate knowledge. This report was designed to promote a policy dialogue on CVD based on informed knowledge of R&D opportunities that offer effective, affordable, and widely applicable responses in developing countries. The report examines (a) the emerging burden of CVD in developing countries, (b) the future worldwide burden of CVD, (c) current prevention and treatment of CVD in developing countries, (d) R&D to support CVD control, (e) opportunities and priorities for R&D, and the need for institutional arrangements for collaboration in facing the epidemic.

Infrastructure and Growth in Developing Countries

Infrastructure and Growth in Developing Countries Book
Author : Stephane Straub
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This paper presents a survey of recent research on the economics of infrastructure in developing countries. Energy, transport, telecommunications, water and sanitation are considered. The survey covers two main set of issues: the linkages between infrastructure and economic growth (at the economy-wide, regional and sectoral level) and the composition, sequencing and efficiency of alternative infrastructure investments, including the arbitrage between new investments and maintenance expenditures; OPEX and CAPEX, and public versus private investment. Following the introduction, section 2 discusses the theoretical foundations (growth theory and new economic geography). Section 3 assesses the analysis of 140 specifications from 64 recent empirical papers-examining type of data used, level of aggregation, econometric techniques and nature of the sample-and discusses both the macro-econometric and micro-econometric contributions of these papers. Finally section 4 discusses directions for future research and suggests priorities in data development.

Social Mobility in Developing Countries

Social Mobility in Developing Countries Book
Author : Vegard Iversen,Anirudh Krishna,Kunal Sen
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2022-01-06
ISBN : 0192896857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combines research from different disciplines to assess social mobility in developing countries.

Handbook of Research on Theoretical Perspectives on Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Developing Countries

Handbook of Research on Theoretical Perspectives on Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Developing Countries Book
Author : Ngulube, Patrick
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-09-12
ISBN : 1522508341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been a growth in the use, acceptance, and popularity of indigenous knowledge. High rates of poverty and a widening economic divide is threatening the accessibility to western scientific knowledge in the developing world where many indigenous people live. Consequently, indigenous knowledge has become a potential source for sustainable development in the developing world. The Handbook of Research on Theoretical Perspectives on Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Developing Countries presents interdisciplinary research on knowledge management, sharing, and transfer among indigenous communities. Providing a unique perspective on alternative knowledge systems, this publication is a critical resource for sociologists, anthropologists, researchers, and graduate-level students in a variety of fields.

Doing Development Research

Doing Development Research Book
Author : Vandana Desai,Rob Potter
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2006-03-15
ISBN : 1847877826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Doing Development Research is a comprehensive introduction to research in development studies, that provides thorough training for anyone carrying out research in developing countries. It brings together experts with extensive experience of overseas research, presenting an interdisciplinary guide to the core methodologies. Informed by years of research experience, Doing Development Research draws together many strands of action research and participatory methods, demonstrating their diverse applications and showing how they interrelate. The text provides: · an account of the theoretical approaches that underlie development work · an explanation of the practical issues involved in planning development research · a systematic overview of information and data collecting methods in three sub-sections: · methods of social research and associated forms of analysis · using existing knowledge and records · disseminating findings/research Using clear and uncomplicated language – illustrated with appropriate learning features throughout - the text guides the researcher through the choice of appropriate methods, the implementation of the research, and the communication of the findings to a range of audiences. This is the essential A-Z of development research.

How to Practice Academic Medicine and Publish from Developing Countries

How to Practice Academic Medicine and Publish from Developing Countries  Book
Author : Samiran Nundy,Atul Kakar,Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-23
ISBN : 9811652481
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an open access book. The book provides an overview of the state of research in developing countries – Africa, Latin America, and Asia (especially India) and why research and publications are important in these regions. It addresses budding but struggling academics in low and middle-income countries. It is written mainly by senior colleagues who have experienced and recognized the challenges with design, documentation, and publication of health research in the developing world. The book includes short chapters providing insight into planning research at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, issues related to research ethics, and conduct of clinical trials. It also serves as a guide towards establishing a research question and research methodology. It covers important concepts such as writing a paper, the submission process, dealing with rejection and revisions, and covers additional topics such as planning lectures and presentations. The book will be useful for graduates, postgraduates, teachers as well as physicians and practitioners all over the developing world who are interested in academic medicine and wish to do medical research.

Fuelling Economic Growth

Fuelling Economic Growth Book
Author : Michael Graham,Jean Woo
Publisher : IDRC
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1853396753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The private sector is playing an important role in funding scientific research. In this work, seven case studies from Argentina, China, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Tanzania, Peru, the Philippines and Vietnam examine how policies have been developed and implemented to encourage innovation.

Developing Country Debt and the World Economy

Developing Country Debt and the World Economy Book
Author : Jeffrey D. Sachs
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2007-12-01
ISBN : 0226733238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For dozens of developing countries, the financial upheavals of the 1980s have set back economic development by a decade or more. Poverty in those countries have intensified as they struggle under the burden of an enormous external debt. In 1988, more than six years after the onset of the crisis, almost all the debtor countries were still unable to borrow in the international capital markets on normal terms. Moreover, the world financial system has been disrupted by the prospect of widespread defaults on those debts. Because of the urgency of the present crisis, and because similar crises have recurred intermittently for at least 175 years, it is important to understand the fundamental features of the international macroeconomy and global financial markets that have contributed to this repeated instability. Developing Country Debt and the World Economy contains nontechnical versions of papers prepared under the auspices of the project on developing country debt, sponsored by the National Bureau of Economic Research. The project focuses on the middle-income developing countries, particularly those in Latin America and East Asia, although many lessons of the study should apply as well to other, poorer debtor countries. The contributors analyze the crisis from two perspectives, that of the international financial system as a whole and that of individual debtor countries. Studies of eight countries—Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, the Philippines, South Korea, and Turkey—explore the question of why some countries succumbed to serious financial crises while other did not. Each study was prepared by a team of two authors—a U.S.-based research and an economist from the country under study. An additional eight papers approach the problem of developing country debt from a global or "systemic" perspective. The topics they cover include the history of international sovereign lending and previous debt crises, the political factors that contribute to poor economic policies in many debtor nations, the role of commercial banks and the International Monetary Fund during the current crisis, the links between debt in developing countries and economic policies in the industrialized nations, and possible new approaches to the global management of the crisis.

The Economics Of New Technology In Developing Countries

The Economics Of New Technology In Developing Countries Book
Author : Frances Stewart,Jeffrey James
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-09-06
ISBN : 1000316238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the outcome of a Development Studies Association Workshop on Technology that we convened in Queen Elizabeth House in March 1980. In the 1960s and 1970s most research on technology in poor countries was directed at the question of the labour or capital intensity of production technique (sometimes described as the 'neo-classical' question). But recently, largely as a result of the findings of such research, the focus has changed quite radically. The collection of essays raises questions as much as it provides answers: but in so doing it provides a comprehensive introduction to the major new topics which are of substantial concern to those working on issues of technology and development.