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Reliability And Resiliency In Electric Distribution Systems

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Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation s Electricity System

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation s Electricity System Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-09-25
ISBN : 0309463106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Americans' safety, productivity, comfort, and convenience depend on the reliable supply of electric power. The electric power system is a complex "cyber-physical" system composed of a network of millions of components spread out across the continent. These components are owned, operated, and regulated by thousands of different entities. Power system operators work hard to assure safe and reliable service, but large outages occasionally happen. Given the nature of the system, there is simply no way that outages can be completely avoided, no matter how much time and money is devoted to such an effort. The system's reliability and resilience can be improved but never made perfect. Thus, system owners, operators, and regulators must prioritize their investments based on potential benefits. Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System focuses on identifying, developing, and implementing strategies to increase the power system's resilience in the face of events that can cause large-area, long-duration outages: blackouts that extend over multiple service areas and last several days or longer. Resilience is not just about lessening the likelihood that these outages will occur. It is also about limiting the scope and impact of outages when they do occur, restoring power rapidly afterwards, and learning from these experiences to better deal with events in the future.

Weather related Power Outages and Electric System Resiliency

Weather related Power Outages and Electric System Resiliency Book
Author : Richard J. Campbell,Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High winds, especially when combined with precipitation from seasonal storms, can cause damage to electricity utility systems, resulting in service interruptions to large numbers of electricity customers. While most such power outages are caused by damage from trees and tree limbs falling on local electricity distribution lines and poles, major power outages tend to be caused by damage to electricity transmission lines which carry bulk power long distances. Depending on the severity of the storm and resulting impairment, power outages can last a few hours or extend to periods of several days, and have real economic effects. Power outages can impact businesses (primarily through lost orders and damage to perishable goods and inventories), and manufacturers (mainly through downtime and lost production, or equipment damage). Data from various studies lead to cost estimates from storm-related outages to the U.S. economy at between $20 billion and $55 billion annually. Data also suggest the trend of outages from weather-related events is increasing. Suggested solutions for reducing impacts from weather-related outages include improved tree-trimming schedules to keep rights-of-way clear, placing distribution and some transmission lines underground, implementing Smart Grid improvements to enhance power system operations and control, inclusion of more distributed generation, and changing utility maintenance practices and metrics to focus on power system reliability. However, most of these potential solutions come with high costs which must be balanced against the perceived benefits. A number of options exist for Congress to consider which could help reduce storm-related outages. These range from improving the quality of data on storm-related outages, to a greater strategic investment in the U.S. electricity grid. Congress could empower a federal agency to develop standards for the consistent reporting of power outage data. While responsibility for the reliability of the bulk electric system is under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (as per the Energy Policy Act of 2005), no central responsibility exists for the reliability of distribution systems. One possible option could be to bring distribution systems under the Electric Reliability Organization for reliability purposes. Recovery after storm-related outages might be enhanced by a federal role in formalizing the review or coordination of electric utility mutual assistance agreements (MAAs). This would not necessarily mean federal approval of MAAs, but may help in the cooperative coordination of additional federal and state resources, especially in a wide, multi-state weather event. While there has been much discussion of transmission system inadequacies and inefficiencies, many distribution systems are in dire need of upgrades or repairs. The cost of upgrading the U.S. grid to meet future uses is expected to be high, with the American Society of Civil Engineers estimating a need of $673 billion by 2020. While the federal government recently made funding available of almost $16 billion for specific Smart Grid projects and new transmission lines under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, there has not been a comprehensive effort to study the needs, set goals, and provide targeted funding for modernization of the U.S. grid as part of a long-term national energy strategy. Such an effort would also require decisions about the appropriate roles of government and the private sector. Power delivery systems are most vulnerable to storms and extreme weather events. Improving the overall condition and efficiency of the power delivery system can only serve to improve the resiliency of the system, and help hasten recovery from weather-related outages. Ultimately, however, electric utilities are responsible for this infrastructure. They are in the business of selling electricity, and they cannot sell electricity if their power delivery systems are out of service.

Active Electrical Distribution Network

Active Electrical Distribution Network Book
Author : Baseem Khan,Josep M. Guerrero,Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,Hassan Haes Alhelou,Om P. Mahela,Sudeep Tanwar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-13
ISBN : 1119599512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ACTIVE ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION NETWORK Discover the major issues, solutions, techniques, and applications of active electrical distribution networks with this edited resource Active Electrical Distribution Network: A Smart Approach delivers a comprehensive and insightful guide dedicated to addressing the major issues affecting an often-overlooked sector of the electrical industry: electrical distribution. The book discusses in detail a variety of challenges facing the smart electrical distribution network and presents a detailed framework to address these challenges with renewable energy integration. The book offers readers fulsome analyses of active distribution networks for smart grids, as well as active control approached for distributed generation, electric vehicle technology, smart metering systems, smart monitoring devices, smart management systems, and various storage systems. It provides a treatment of the analysis, modeling, and implementation of active electrical distribution systems and an exploration of the ways professionals and researchers from academia and industry attempt to meet the significant challenges facing them. From smart home energy management systems to approaches for the reconfiguration of active distribution networks with renewable energy integration, readers will also enjoy: A thorough introduction to electrical distribution networks, including conventional and smart networks An exploration of various existing issues related to the electrical distribution network An examination of the importance of harmonics mitigation in smart distribution networks, including active filters A treatment of reactive power compensation under smart distribution networks, including techniques like capacitor banks and smart devices An analysis of smart distribution network reliability assessment and enhancement Perfect for professionals, scientists, technologists, developers, designers, and researchers in smart grid technologies, security, and information technology, Active Electrical Distribution Network: A Smart Approach will also earn a place in the libraries of policy and administration professionals, as well as those involved with electric utilities, electric policy development, and regulating authorities.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2015 Department of Energy fiscal year 2015 justifications

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2015  Department of Energy fiscal year 2015 justifications Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2015 Department of Energy fiscal year 2015 justifications book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Storage in Energy Markets

Energy Storage in Energy Markets Book
Author : Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Amin Mohammadpour Shotorbani,Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 0128203838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Storage in Energy Markets reviews the modeling, design, analysis, optimization and impact of energy storage systems in energy markets in a way that is ideal for an audience of researchers and practitioners. The book provides deep insights on potential benefits and revenues, economic evaluation, investment challenges, risk analysis, technical requirements, and the impacts of energy storage integration. Heavily referenced and easily accessible to policymakers, developers, engineer, researchers and students alike, this comprehensive resource aims to fill the gap in the role of energy storage in pool/local energy/ancillary service markets and other multi-market commerce. Chapters elaborate on energy market fundamentals, operations, energy storage fundamentals, components, and the role and impact of storage systems on energy systems from different aspects, such as environmental, technical and economics, the role of storage devices in uncertainty handling in energy systems and their contributions in resiliency and reliability improvement. Provides integrated techno-economic analysis of energy storage systems and the energy markets Reviews impacts of electric vehicles as moving energy storage and loads on the electricity market Analyzes the role and impact of energy storage systems in the energy, ancillary, reserve and regulatory multi-market business Applies advanced methods to the economic integration of large-scale energy storage systems Develops an evaluation framework for energy market storage systems

A Budget for a Better America

A Budget for a Better America Book
Author : United States. Office of Management and Budget
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9780160950728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Budget for a Better America book written by United States. Office of Management and Budget, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Resilient Control Architectures and Power Systems

Resilient Control Architectures and Power Systems Book
Author : Craig Rieger,Ron Boring,Brian Johnson,Timothy McJunkin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-12-09
ISBN : 1119660416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book establishes a perspective for readers on the unique challenges of automation in our society, with a focus on a common element we all depend upon, the power grid. Perspectives are provided on a simulation of this real-life system, providing a backdrop on how a power control system works and how it can fail. In addition, the book addresses how systems fail due to threats from cyber security, human error and complex interdependencies. The book also discusses promising concepts that are being investigated to make these control systems more resilient to threats. Resilience fundamentals and applications are also investigated to ensure adequate operation in complex control systems.

Electric Power Systems Research

Electric Power Systems Research Book
Author : Ying-Yi Hong
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-04-06
ISBN : 3038424056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Electric Power Systems Research" that was published in Energies

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy Book
Author : Ersan Kabalci,Yasin Kabalci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-30
ISBN : 0128197110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy covers novel and emerging metering and monitoring technologies, communication systems, and technologies in smart grid areas to present a valuable reference for readers from various engineering backgrounds. Considering relevant topics on the essentials of smart grids and emerging wireless communication systems, such as IEEE 802.15.4 based novel technologies, cognitive radio networks and Internet of Energy, this book offers a discussion on the emerging trends and research direction for communication technologies. The book includes research concepts and visualization of smart grids and related communication technologies, making it a useful book for practicing network engineers. Includes global case studies and examples of communications systems integrated with smart grids Presents literature surveys for a wide variety of smart grids, wired and wireless communication technologies, big data, privacy and security Covers all aspects of IoE systems and discusses the differences between IoE and Smart Grids

Modernizing America s Electricity Infrastructure

Modernizing America s Electricity Infrastructure Book
Author : Mason Willrich
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2017-11-10
ISBN : 0262342413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, coherent strategy for modernizing America's electricity infrastructure while ensuring affordable, reliable, secure, and environmentally sustainable electricity services. America's aging electricity infrastructure is deteriorating rapidly even as the need for highly reliable electric service—driven by the explosion of digital technology—continues to rise. Largely missing from national discussions, however, is a coherent, comprehensive national strategy for modernizing this critical infrastructure. Energy expert Mason Willrich presents just such a strategy in this book, connecting the dots across electric utilities, independent suppliers, government bureaucracies, political jurisdictions, and academic disciplines. He explains the need for a coherent approach, offers a framework for analyzing policy options, and proposes a step-by-step strategy for modernizing electrical infrastructure, end-to-end, in a way that ensures the delivery of affordable, reliable, secure, and environmentally sustainable electricity services. Willrich argues that an effective electrical infrastructure modernization strategy must incorporate flexibility, adaptability, and the capacity to coordinate policies at local, state, and federal levels. He reviews the history of America's electrification, from Edison's demonstration of the incandescent light bulb through the recent expansion of wind, solar, and energy efficiency as carbon-free energy resources. He describes the current ownership and operation of the electric industry and the complicated web of federal and state policies that govern it.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2016

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2016 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2016 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Implications of Cyber Vulnerabilities on the Resilience and Security of the Electric Grid

Implications of Cyber Vulnerabilities on the Resilience and Security of the Electric Grid Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security. Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cybersecurity, and Science and Technology
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Implications of Cyber Vulnerabilities on the Resilience and Security of the Electric Grid book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security. Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cybersecurity, and Science and Technology, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Power Systems Resilience

Power Systems Resilience Book
Author : Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Sajad Najafi Ravadanegh,Nicu Bizon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-16
ISBN : 3319944428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles and applications of power system resiliency, as well as a number of straightforward and practical methods for the impact analysis of risk events on power system operations. It also describes the challenges of modelling, distribution networks, optimal scheduling, multi-stage planning, deliberate attacks, cyber-physical systems and SCADA-based smart grids, and how to overcome these challenges. Further, it highlights the resiliency issues using various methods, including strengthening the system against high impact events with low frequency and the fast recovery of the system properties. A large number of specialists have collaborated to provide innovative solutions and research in power systems resiliency. They discuss the fundamentals and contemporary materials of power systems resiliency, theoretical and practical issues, as well as current issues and methods for controlling the risk attacks and other threats to AC power systems. The book includes theoretical research, significant results, case studies, and practical implementation processes to offer insights into electric power and engineering and energy systems. Showing how systems should respond in case of malicious attacks, and helping readers to decide on the best approaches, this book is essential reading for electrical engineers, researchers and specialists. The book is also useful as a reference for undergraduate and graduate students studying the resiliency and reliability of power systems.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Empowering the Great Energy Transition

Empowering the Great Energy Transition Book
Author : Scott Valentine,Benjamin K. Sovacool,Marilyn Brown
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2019-12-17
ISBN : 0231546424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At a time when climate-change deniers hold the reins of power in the United States and international greenhouse gas negotiations continue at a slow crawl, what options are available to cities, companies, and consumers around the world who seek a cleaner future? Scott Victor Valentine, Marilyn A. Brown, and Benjamin K. Sovacool explore developments and strategies that will help fast-track the transition to renewable energy. They provide an expert analysis of the achievable steps that citizens, organizational leaders, and policy makers can take to put their commitments to sustainability into practice. Empowering the Great Energy Transition examines trends that suggest a transition away from carbon-intensive energy sources is inevitable—there are too many forces for change at work to stop a shift to clean energy. Yet under the status quo, change will be too slow to avert the worst consequences of climate change. Humanity is on a path to incur avoidable social, environmental, and economic costs. Valentine, Brown, and Sovacool argue that new policies and business models are needed to surmount the hurdles separating the current consumption model from a sustainable energy future. Empowering the Great Energy Transition shows that with well-placed efforts, we can set humanity on a course that supports entrepreneurs and communities in mitigating the environmental harm caused by technologies whose time has come and gone.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2010

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2010 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2010 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Power Transmission System Analysis Against Faults and Attacks

Power Transmission System Analysis Against Faults and Attacks Book
Author : Tamalika Chowdhury,Abhijit Chakrabarti,Chandan Kumar Chanda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 100035640X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present-day power grid is basically a complex power transmission network with risks of failure due to unplanned attacks and contingencies, and therefore, assessment of vulnerability of transmission network is important and the process is based on contingency approach. This book deals with the methods of assessment of the grid network vulnerability and addresses the grid collapse problem due to cascaded failures of the transmission network following an attack or an unplanned contingency. Basic mitigation aspects for the network has been explored and the immunity of such a power transmission network against vulnerable collapse has been described using mathematical models.

Smart Grid Planning and Implementation

Smart Grid Planning and Implementation Book
Author : P.E. Gellings
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-22
ISBN : 1000355713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended for electric utility managers, directors, and power system planners, regulators, and policy makers interested in the steps needed to realize the value of a modern power delivery system. This book describes the elements needed in planning and implementing a "Smart Grid" by outlining how the electricity delivery system can be modernized so it monitors, protects, and automatically optimizes the operation of its interconnected elements—from the central and distributed generator through the high-voltage network and distribution system, to energy storage installations and to end-use consumers and their thermostats, electric vehicles, appliances, and other household devices. This comprehensive guide highlights emerging concepts of cyber and physical security, resiliency, and the newest architecture—"The Integrated Grid." You’ll gain an understanding of how a two-way flow of electricity and information can be used to create an automated, widely distributed energy delivery network.

Research Anthology on Smart Grid and Microgrid Development

Research Anthology on Smart Grid and Microgrid Development Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 1668436671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart grid and microgrid technology are growing exponentially as they are adopted throughout the world. These new technologies have revolutionized the way electricity is produced, delivered, and consumed, and offer a plethora of benefits as well as the potential for further growth. It is critical to examine the current stage of smart grid and microgrid development as well as the direction they are headed as they continue to expand in order to ensure that cost-effective, reliable, and efficient systems are put in place. The Research Anthology on Smart Grid and Microgrid Development is an all-encompassing reference source of the latest innovations and trends within smart grid and microgrid development. Detailing benefits, challenges, and opportunities, it is a crucial resource to fully understand the current opportunities that smart grids and microgrids present around the world. Covering a wide range of topics such as traditional grids, future smart grids, electrical distribution systems, and microgrid integration, it is ideal for engineers, policymakers, systems developers, technologists, researchers, government officials, academicians, environmental groups, regulators, utilities specialists, industry professionals, and students.