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Relationship Inference With Familias And R

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Relationship Inference with Familias and R

Relationship Inference with Familias and R Book
Author : Thore Egeland,Daniel Kling,Petter Mostad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-24
ISBN : 012802626X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Relationship Inference in Familias and R discusses the use of Familias and R software to understand genetic kinship of two or more DNA samples. This software is commonly used for forensic cases to establish paternity, identify victims or analyze genetic evidence at crime scenes when kinship is involved. The book explores utilizing Familias software and R packages for difficult situations including inbred families, mutations and missing data from degraded DNA. The book additionally addresses identification following mass disasters, familial searching, non-autosomal marker analysis and relationship inference using linked markers. The second part of the book focuses on more statistical issues such as estimation and uncertainty of model parameters. Although written for use with human DNA, the principles can be applied to non-human genetics for animal pedigrees and/or analysis of plants for agriculture purposes. The book contains necessary tools to evaluate any type of forensic case where kinship is an issue. This volume focuses on the core material and omits most general background material on probability, statistics and forensic genetics Each chapter includes exercises with available solutions The web page familias.name contains supporting material

Forensic DNA Typing Principles Applications and Advancements

Forensic DNA Typing  Principles  Applications and Advancements Book
Author : Pankaj Shrivastava,Hirak Ranjan Dash,Jose A. Lorente,Jahangir Imam
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-11
ISBN : 9811566550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book explores the fundamental principles, advances in forensic techniques, and its application on forensic DNA analysis. The book is divided into three modules; the first module provides the historical prospect of forensic DNA typing and introduces fundamentals of forensic DNA typing, methodology, and technical advancements, application of STRs, and DNA databases for forensic DNA profile analysis. Module 2 examines the problems and challenges encountered in extracting DNA and generating DNA profiles. It provides information on the methods and the best practices for DNA isolation from forensic biological samples and human remains like ancient DNA, DNA typing of skeletal remains and disaster victim identification, the importance of DNA typing in human trafficking, and various problems associated with capillary electrophoresis. Module 3 emphasizes various technologies that are based on SNPs, STRs namely Y-STR, X-STR, mitochondrial DNA profiling in forensic science. Module 4 explores the application of non-human forensic DNA typing of domestic animals, wildlife forensics, plant DNA fingerprinting, and microbial forensics. The last module discusses new areas and alternative methods in forensic DNA typing, including Next-Generation Sequencing, and its utility in forensic science, oral microbes, and forensic DNA phenotyping. Given its scope, the book is a useful resource in the field of DNA fingerprinting for scientists, forensic experts, and students at the postgraduate level.

Handbook of Forensic Statistics

Handbook of Forensic Statistics Book
Author : David L. Banks,Karen Kafadar,David H. Kaye,Maria Tackett
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-05
ISBN : 1000096068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Forensic Statistics is a collection of chapters by leading authorities in forensic statistics. Written for statisticians, scientists, and legal professionals having a broad range of statistical expertise, it summarizes and compares basic methods of statistical inference (frequentist, likelihoodist, and Bayesian) for trace and other evidence that links individuals to crimes, the modern history and key controversies in the field, and the psychological and legal aspects of such scientific evidence. Specific topics include uncertainty in measurements and conclusions; statistically valid statements of weight of evidence or source conclusions; admissibility and presentation of statistical findings; and the state of the art of methods (including problems and pitfalls) for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data in such areas as forensic biology, chemistry, and pattern and impression evidence. The particular types of evidence that are discussed include DNA, latent fingerprints, firearms and toolmarks, glass, handwriting, shoeprints, and voice exemplars.

Mass Identifications

Mass Identifications Book
Author : Daniel Kling,Thore Egeland,Andreas Tillmar,Lourdes Prieto
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-19
ISBN : 0128184248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mass Identifications: Statistical Methods in Forensic Genetics summarizes the state-of-the-art in the field, including methods and recent development in genetics (sequencing). The book's authors focus on practical applications and implementation, helping readers determine how to approach the problem to identify individuals using DNA and statistically summarize evidence. Written by leading experts in the field for forensic scientists, geneticists, forensic anthropologists, and pathologists working with identifications, the book is ideal for scientists and practitioners in many areas. Focuses on methods, challenges and solutions in DVI cases Covers the use of DNA databases searches and the statistical evaluation of genetic comparisons Includes exercises at the end of the book

Graphical Models Exponential Families and Variational Inference

Graphical Models  Exponential Families  and Variational Inference Book
Author : Martin J. Wainwright,Michael I. Jordan
Publisher : Now Publishers Inc
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1601981848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The core of this paper is a general set of variational principles for the problems of computing marginal probabilities and modes, applicable to multivariate statistical models in the exponential family.

The Psychosocial Implications of Disney Movies

The Psychosocial Implications of Disney Movies Book
Author : Lauren Dundes
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 3038978485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume of 15 articles, contributors from a wide range of disciplines present their analyses of Disney movies and Disney music, which are mainstays of popular culture. The power of the Disney brand has heightened the need for academics to question whether Disney’s films and music function as a tool of the Western elite that shapes the views of those less empowered. Given its global reach, how the Walt Disney Company handles the role of race, gender, and sexuality in social structural inequality merits serious reflection according to a number of the articles in the volume. On the other hand, other authors argue that Disney productions can help individuals cope with difficult situations or embrace progressive thinking. The different approaches to the assessment of Disney films as cultural artifacts also vary according to the theoretical perspectives guiding the interpretation of both overt and latent symbolic meaning in the movies. The authors of the 15 articles encourage readers to engage with the material, showcasing a variety of views about the good, the bad, and the best way forward.

Genre in a Changing World

Genre in a Changing World Book
Author : Charles Bazerman,Adair Bonini
Publisher : Parlor Press LLC
Release : 2009-09-16
ISBN : 1643170015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genre studies and genre approaches to literacy instruction continue to develop in many regions and from a widening variety of approaches. Genre has provided a key to understanding the varying literacy cultures of regions, disciplines, professions, and educational settings. GENRE IN A CHANGING WORLD provides a wide-ranging sampler of the remarkable variety of current work. The twenty-four chapters in this volume, reflecting the work of scholars in Europe, Australasia, and North and South America, were selected from the over 400 presentations at SIGET IV (the Fourth International Symposium on Genre Studies) held on the campus of UNISUL in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil in August 2007—the largest gathering on genre to that date. The chapters also represent a wide variety of approaches, including rhetoric, Systemic Functional Linguistics, media and critical cultural studies, sociology, phenomenology, enunciation theory, the Geneva school of educational sequences, cognitive psychology, relevance theory, sociocultural psychology, activity theory, Gestalt psychology, and schema theory. Sections are devoted to theoretical issues, studies of genres in the professions, studies of genre and media, teaching and learning genre, and writing across the curriculum. The broad selection of material in this volume displays the full range of contemporary genre studies and sets the ground for a next generation of work.

The Roman Law of Slavery

The Roman Law of Slavery Book
Author : William Warwick Buckland
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1908
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Roman Law of Slavery book written by William Warwick Buckland, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Economics of Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities

The Economics of Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9241548622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This resource book discusses the economic arguments that could (and could not) be put forth to support the case for investing in the social determinants of health on average and in the reduction in socially determined health inequalities. It provides an overview and introduction into how economists would approach the assessment of the economic motivation to invest in the social determinants of health and socially determined health inequities, including what the major challenges are in this assessment. It illustrates the extent to which an economic argument can be made in favour of investment in 3 major social determinants of health areas: education, social protection, and urban development and infrastructure. It describes whether education policy, social protection, and urban development, housing and transport policy can act as health policy"--

Applied Uses of Ancient DNA

Applied Uses of Ancient DNA Book
Author : Nic Rawlence,Michael David Martin,Nathan Wales,Michael Knapp
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-17
ISBN : 2889669335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Uses of Ancient DNA book written by Nic Rawlence,Michael David Martin,Nathan Wales,Michael Knapp, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pedigree Analysis in R

Pedigree Analysis in R Book
Author : Magnus Dehli Vigeland
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 0128245603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pedigree Analysis in R gives an introduction to the theory of relatedness and covers a range of applications in forensic and medical genetics. The book's material was developed through teaching courses on genetic relatedness, pedigree analysis and R, and offers insights from a decade of research activities in forensic and medical genetics. The R code in the book uses the ped suite, a unified collection of packages for pedigree analysis, developed by the author. All code examples are given in full, allowing accurate reproduction of figures and results. At the end of each chapter, a selection of exercises encourages the reader to explore further and perform their own analyses. Introduction to the theory of genetic relatedness, richly illustrated with classic and novel examples In-depth case studies including kinship testing, pedigree reconstruction, linkage analysis and clinical segregation analysis Easy-to-follow R code with explanations Based on the ped suite packages for pedigree analysis in R Suitable for R users at all levels, including complete beginners Exercises after each chapter

Prostitution Sexuality and the Law in Ancient Rome

Prostitution  Sexuality  and the Law in Ancient Rome Book
Author : Thomas A. J. McGinn
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2003-01-30
ISBN : 019802486X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a study of the legal rules affecting the practice of female prostitution at Rome approximately from 200 B.C. to A.D. 250. It examines the formation and precise content of the legal norms developed for prostitution and those engaged in this profession, with close attention to their social context. McGinn's unique study explores the "fit" between the law-system and the socio-economic reality while shedding light on important questions concerning marginal groups, marriage, sexual behavior, the family, slavery, and citizen status, particularly that of women.

The Precautionary Principle

The Precautionary Principle Book
Author : Marco Martuzzi,Joel A. Tickner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this publication is to provide the background rationale and support for WHO's working paper Dealing with uncertainty - how can the precautionary principle help protect the future of our children?, prepared for the Fourth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health held in Budapest, Hungary, in June 2004. The debate around the precautionary principle has provided many insights into how to improve public health decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. This publication should further support approaches to attaining the concurrent goals of protecting adults, children and future generations and the ecosystems on which we depend and enhancing economic development, sustainability and innovation in science, research and policy. [Ed.]

Slavery and Social Death

Slavery and Social Death Book
Author : Orlando Patterson
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2018-10-15
ISBN : 0674916131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a work of prodigious scholarship and enormous breadth, which draws on the tribal, ancient, premodern, and modern worlds, Orlando Patterson discusses the internal dynamics of slavery in sixty-six societies over time. These include Greece and Rome, medieval Europe, China, Korea, the Islamic kingdoms, Africa, the Caribbean islands, and the American South.

Cicero Against Verres 2 1 53 86

Cicero  Against Verres  2 1 53 86 Book
Author : Marcus Tullius Cicero,Ingo Gildenhard
Publisher : Open Book Publishers
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1906924538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a portion of the original text of Ciceros speech in Latin, a detailed commentary, study aids and a translation. Ingo Gildenhards commentary will be of particular interest to students of Latin at both high school and undergraduate level. It will also be of help to Latin teachers and to anyone interested in Cicero, language and rhetoric, and the legal culture of Ancient Rome. A free online interactive edition is also available.

Impact Evaluation in Practice Second Edition

Impact Evaluation in Practice  Second Edition Book
Author : Paul J. Gertler,Sebastian Martinez,Patrick Premand,Laura B. Rawlings,Christel M. J. Vermeersch
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2016-09-12
ISBN : 1464807809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of the Impact Evaluation in Practice handbook is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to impact evaluation for policy makers and development practitioners. First published in 2011, it has been used widely across the development and academic communities. The book incorporates real-world examples to present practical guidelines for designing and implementing impact evaluations. Readers will gain an understanding of impact evaluations and the best ways to use them to design evidence-based policies and programs. The updated version covers the newest techniques for evaluating programs and includes state-of-the-art implementation advice, as well as an expanded set of examples and case studies that draw on recent development challenges. It also includes new material on research ethics and partnerships to conduct impact evaluation. The handbook is divided into four sections: Part One discusses what to evaluate and why; Part Two presents the main impact evaluation methods; Part Three addresses how to manage impact evaluations; Part Four reviews impact evaluation sampling and data collection. Case studies illustrate different applications of impact evaluations. The book links to complementary instructional material available online, including an applied case as well as questions and answers. The updated second edition will be a valuable resource for the international development community, universities, and policy makers looking to build better evidence around what works in development.

Reparations for Indigenous Peoples

Reparations for Indigenous Peoples Book
Author : Federico Lenzerini
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2008-01-24
ISBN : 0191553050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published in concomitance with the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, this volume brings together a group of renowned legal experts and activists from different parts of the world who, from international and comparative perspectives, investigate the right of indigenous peoples to reparation for breaches of their individual and collective rights. The first part of the book is devoted to general aspects of this important matter, providing a comprehensive assessment of the relevant international legal framework and including overviews of the topic of reparations for human rights violations, the status of indigenous peoples in international law, and the vision of reparations as conceived by the communities concerned. The second part embraces a comprehensive investigation of the relevant practice at the international, regional, and national level, examining the best practices of reparations according to the ideologies and expectations of indigenous peoples and offering a comparative perspective on the ways in which the right of these peoples to redress for the injuries suffered is realized worldwide. The global picture painted by these contributions provides a view of the status of relevant international law that is synthesized in the two final chapters of the book, which include a concrete example of how a judicial claim for reparation is to be structured and prescribes the best practices and strategies to be adopted in order to maximize the opportunities for indigenous peoples to obtain effective redress. As a whole, this volume offers a comprehensive vision of its subject matter in international and comparative law, with a practical approach aimed at supporting legal academics, administrators, and practitioners in improving the avenues and modalities of reparations for indigenous peoples.

Applied Numerical Methods for Food and Agricultural Engineers

Applied Numerical Methods for Food and Agricultural Engineers Book
Author : Prabir K. Chandra,R. Paul Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-14
ISBN : 1351465945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written from the expertise of an agricultural engineering background, this exciting new book presents the most useful numerical methods and their complete program listings.

Latin as the Language of Science and Learning

Latin as the Language of Science and Learning Book
Author : Philipp Roelli
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-11-22
ISBN : 3110745836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book investigates the role of the Latin language as a vehicle for science and learning from several angles. First, the question what was understood as ‘science’ through time and how it is named in different languages, especially the Classical ones, is approached. Criteria for what did pass as scientific are found that point to ‘science’ as a kind of Greek Denkstil based on pattern-finding and their unbiased checking. In a second part, a brief diachronic panorama introduces schools of thought and authors who wrote in Latin from antiquity to the present. Latin’s heydays in this function are clearly the time between the twelfth and eighteenth centuries. Some niches where it was used longer are examined and reasons sought why Latin finally lost this lead-role. A third part seeks to define the peculiar characteristics of scientific Latin using corpus linguistic approaches. As a result, several types of scientific writing can be identified. The question of how to transfer science from one linguistic medium to another is never far: Latin inherited this role from Greek and is in turn the ancestor of science done in the modern vernaculars. At the end of the study, the importance of Latin science for modern science in English becomes evident.

From a Culture of Violence to a Culture of Peace

From a Culture of Violence to a Culture of Peace Book
Author : Unesco
Publisher : UNESCO
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through this volume, UNESCO aims to further reflection on the major changes facing the international community today: how to replace the existing culture of violence with a culture of peace. The text presents contributions by eminent peace researchers, philosophers, jurists and educators on the multiple facets of a culture of peace. The contributors underline the universal nature of a culture of peace - some delve into its very concept, others analyze the manner in which it is achieved, while others concentrate on the global endeavour to which UNESCO is dedicated.