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Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells

Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells Book
Author : Sivakumar Pasupathi,Juan Carlos Calderon Gomez,Huaneng Su,Harikishan Reddy,Piotr Bujlo,Cordellia Sita
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0128103868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Primers is a series focused on Energy applications. Its concise volumes present those coming into this broad and multidisciplinary field with the most recent advances in each of its particular topics. They bring together information that has thus far been scattered in many different sources under one single title, which makes them a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students, especially those starting in a new topic of research. This volume, Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells, provides an up-to-date progress of High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (HTPEMFCs), including three critical subjects for this type of fuel cells: Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) development, stack development and systems development. The MEA and stack development sections cover the recent advances in this area and highlight the areas in most need of improvement. The systems development section focuses on stationary systems, mainly Combined Heat and Power (CHP), based on HTPEMFCs. Finally the conclusions summarize the recent advances of HTPEMFCs in all these areas and provide some insights for future developments. Prof. Bruno G. Pollet, Series Editor Presents the most current knowledge in membrane electrode assembly, stack, and systems development for HTPEMFCs Highlights the areas that need improvement in electrode assembly and stack development Examines stationary high temperature PEMFC systems, including CHP

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells Book
Author : Klaus-Dieter Kreuer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-14
ISBN : 1461457858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The expected end of the “oil age” will lead to increasing focus and reliance on alternative energy conversion devices, among which fuel cells have the potential to play an important role. Not only can phosphoric acid and solid oxide fuel cells already efficiently convert today’s fossil fuels, including methane, into electricity, but other types of fuel cells, such as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, have the potential to become the cornerstones of a possible future hydrogen economy. Featuring 21 peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Fuel Cells offers concise yet comprehensive coverage of the current state of research and identifies key areas for future investigation. Internationally renowned specialists provide authoritative introductions to a wide variety of fuel cell types, and discuss materials, components, and systems for these technologies. The entries also cover sustainability and marketing considerations, including comparisons of fuel cells with alternative technologies.

Recent Advances in Renewable Energy Technologies

Recent Advances in Renewable Energy Technologies Book
Author : Mejdi Jeguirim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 0323919510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in renewable energy technologies is a comprehensive reference based on the International Renewable Energy Congress (IREC) covering critical research and industry developments on renewable energy technological, production, conversion, storage and management. Covering solar energy system (thermal and photovoltaic), wind energy, hydropower, geothermal energy, bioenergy production and hydrogen production, large scale development of these renewable energy technologies and their impact on global economy and power capacity. The technology advancements include resources assessment and deployment, materials performance improvement, system optimization and sizing, instrumentation and control, modelling and simulation, regulations and policies. Each modular chapter examines recent advances in specific renewable energy systems, providing theoretical and applied aspects of system optimization, control and management and supports them with global case studies demonstrating practical applications and economical and environmental aspects through life cycle analysis. The book is of interest to engineering graduates, researchers, professors and industry professionals involved in the renewable energy sector and advanced engineering courses dealing with renewable energy, sources, thermal and electrical energy production and sustainability. Addresses the advantages and disadvantages of all renewable technologies Includes global case studies demonstrating practical applications of renewable energy production and distribution Features video and slideshows in the online e-book for application tutorials

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Detlef Stolten
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-09-14
ISBN : 3527327118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Authored by 40 of the most prominent and renowned international scientists from academia, industry, institutions and government, this handbook explores mature, evolving technologies for a clean, economically viable alternative to non-renewable energy. In so doing, it includes how hydrogen can be safely produced, stored, transported and utilized, while also covering such broader topics as the environmental impact, education and regulatory developments.

One dimensional Nanostructures for PEM Fuel Cell Applications

One dimensional Nanostructures for PEM Fuel Cell Applications Book
Author : Shangfeng Du,Christopher Koenigsmann,Shuhui Sun
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-07
ISBN : 0128111135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One-dimensional Nanostructures for PEM Fuel Cell Applications provides a review of the progress made in 1D catalysts for applications in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. It highlights the improved understanding of catalytic mechanisms on 1D nanostructures and the new approaches developed for practical applications, also including a critical perspective on current research limits. The book serves as a reference for the design and development of a new generation of catalysts to assist in the realization of successful commercial use that have the potential to decarbonize the domestic heat and transport sectors. In addition, a further commercialization of this technology requires advanced catalysts to address major obstacles faced by the commonly used Pt/C nanoparticles. The unique structure of one-dimensional nanostructures give them advantages to overcome some drawbacks of Pt/C nanoparticles as a new type of excellent catalysts for fuel cell reactions. In recent years, great efforts have been devoted in this area, and much progress has been achieved. Provides a review of 1D catalysts for applications in polymer electrolyte fuel cells Presents an ideal reference for the design and development of a new generation of catalysts to assist in the realization of successful commercial use Highlights the progress made in recent years in this emerging field

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Book
Author : Qingfeng Li,David Aili,Hans Aage Hjuler,Jens Oluf Jensen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-15
ISBN : 3319170821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive review of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). PEMFCs are the preferred fuel cells for a variety of applications such as automobiles, cogeneration of heat and power units, emergency power and portable electronics. The first 5 chapters of the book describe rationalization and illustration of approaches to high temperature PEM systems. Chapters 6 - 13 are devoted to fabrication, optimization and characterization of phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes, the very first electrolyte system that has demonstrated the concept of and motivated extensive research activity in the field. The last 11 chapters summarize the state-of-the-art of technological development of high temperature-PEMFCs based on acid doped PBI membranes including catalysts, electrodes, MEAs, bipolar plates, modelling, stacking, diagnostics and applications.

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells Book
Author : Fatih Sen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-27
ISBN : 0128217146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells explains nanomaterials and nanocomposites as well as the characterization, manufacturing, and design of alcohol fuel cell applications. The advantages of direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs) are significant for reliable and long-lasting portable power sources used in devices such as mobile phones and computers. Even though substantial improvements have been made in DAFC systems over the last decade, more effort is needed to commercialize DAFCs by producing durable, low-cost, and smaller-sized devices. Nanomaterials have an important role to play in achieving this aim. The use of nanotechnology in DAFCs is vital due to their role in the synthesis of nanocatalysts within the manufacturing process. Lately, nanocatalysts containing carbon such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and carbon nanocoils have also attracted much attention. When compared to traditional materials, carbon-based materials have unique advantages, such as high corrosion resistance, better electrical conductivity, and less catalyst poisoning. This book also covers different aspects of nanocomposites fabrication, including their preparation, design, and characterization techniques for their fuel cell applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers, energy scientists, and electrochemists who are seeking to improve their understanding of how nanomaterials are being used to enhance the efficiency and lower the cost of DAFCs. Shows how nanomaterials are being used for the design and manufacture of DAFCs Explores how nanotechnology is being used to enhance the synthesis and catalysis processes to create the next generation of fuel cells Assesses the major challenges of producing nanomaterial-based DAFCs on an industrial scale

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources Book
Author : Jurgen Garche,Chris K. Dyer,Patrick T. Moseley,Zempachi Ogumi,David A. J. Rand,Bruno Scrosati
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-05-20
ISBN : 0444527451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources is a truly interdisciplinary reference for those working with batteries, fuel cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, and photo-electrochemical cells. With a focus on the environmental and economic impact of electrochemical power sources, this five-volume work consolidates coverage of the field and serves as an entry point to the literature for professionals and students alike. Covers the main types of power sources, including their operating principles, systems, materials, and applications Serves as a primary source of information for electrochemists, materials scientists, energy technologists, and engineers Incorporates nearly 350 articles, with timely coverage of such topics as environmental and sustainability considerations

3D Multiscale Modeling of High Temperature Pem Fuel Cell

3D Multiscale Modeling of High Temperature Pem Fuel Cell Book
Author : Salomov Uktam
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2015-06-15
ISBN : 9783659720994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel cells and hydrogen are two key components for building a competitive, secure, and sustainable clean energy economy, due to possibility to convert diverse fuels directly into electrical power without combustion and a carbon-free fuel that can be produced from renewable resources. However, to become competitive in a market, fuel cells should overcome the issues by improvements in durability and performance as well as reductions in manufacturing cost. Recent advances in fuel cell technology has been made by development of the high temperature (HT) polymeric electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells (FC). Owing to combination of the advantages of two types of fuel cells, namely polymeric electrolyte membrane and phosphoric acid, it is considered as one of the best technological solutions.

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing Book
Author : Patrick T. Moseley,Jürgen Garche
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 0444626107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electricity from renewable sources of energy is plagued by fluctuations (due to variations in wind strength or the intensity of insolation) resulting in a lack of stability if the energy supplied from such sources is used in ‘real time’. An important solution to this problem is to store the energy electrochemically (in a secondary battery or in hydrogen and its derivatives) and to make use of it in a controlled fashion at some time after it has been initially gathered and stored. Electrochemical battery storage systems are the major technologies for decentralized storage systems and hydrogen is the only solution for long-term storage systems to provide energy during extended periods of low wind speeds or solar insolation. Future electricity grid design has to include storage systems as a major component for grid stability and for security of supply. The technology of systems designed to achieve this regulation of the supply of renewable energy, and a survey of the markets that they will serve, is the subject of this book. It includes economic aspects to guide the development of technology in the right direction. Provides state-of-the-art information on all of the storage systems together with an assessment of competing technologies Features detailed technical, economic and environmental impact information of different storage systems Contains information about the challenges that must be faced for batteries and hydrogen-storage to be used in conjunction with a fluctuating (renewable energy) power supply

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 6

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 6 Book
Author : Thomas Francis Fuller
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 1566775019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The symposium was devoted to all aspects of research development and engineering of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Three subareas were covered: materials and electrode processes, fuel cell systems, and durability.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications 3 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications  3 Volume Set Book
Author : Munmaya Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1351019414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. This groundbreaking work provides important overviews to help stimulate further advancements in all areas of polymers. This comprehensive multi-volume reference includes articles contributed from a diverse and global team of renowned researchers. It offers a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics in a variety of applications, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. The encyclopedia provides introductions, classifications, properties, selection, types, technologies, shelf-life, recycling, testing and applications for each of the entries where applicable. It features critical content for both novices and experts including, engineers, scientists (polymer scientists, materials scientists, biomedical engineers, macromolecular chemists), researchers, and students, as well as interested readers in academia, industry, and research institutions.

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering 2 Volume Set

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Detlef Stolten,Bernd Emonts
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-22
ISBN : 3527650261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future power supply that will transform to renewable, decentralized and fluctuating primary energies. At the same time the share of electric power will continually increase at the expense of thermal and mechanical energy not just in transportation, but also in households. Hydrogen as a perfect fuel for fuel cells and an outstanding and efficient means of bulk storage for renewable energy will spearhead this development together with fuel cells. Moreover, small fuel cells hold great potential for portable devices such as gadgets and medical applications such as pacemakers. This handbook will explore specific fuel cells within and beyond the mainstream development and focuses on materials and production processes for both SOFC and lowtemperature fuel cells, analytics and diagnostics for fuel cells, modeling and simulation as well as balance of plant design and components. As fuel cells are getting increasingly sophisticated and industrially developed the issues of quality assurance and methodology of development are included in this handbook. The contributions to this book come from an international panel of experts from academia, industry, institutions and government. This handbook is oriented toward people looking for detailed information on specific fuel cell types, their materials, production processes, modeling and analytics. Overview information on the contrary on mainstream fuel cells and applications are provided in the book 'Hydrogen and Fuel Cells', published in 2010.

PEM Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production

PEM Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production Book
Author : Dmitri Bessarabov,Haijiang Wang,Hui Li,Nana Zhao
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 1482252325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An ever-increasing dependence on green energy has brought on a renewed interest in polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysis as a viable solution for hydrogen production. While alkaline water electrolyzers have been used in the production of hydrogen for many years, there are certain advantages associated with PEM electrolysis and its relevan

Recent Advances in Complex Functional Materials

Recent Advances in Complex Functional Materials Book
Author : Elson Longo,Felipe de Almeida La Porta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 3319538985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book we explore new approaches to understanding the physical and chemical properties of emergent complex functional materials, revealing a close relationship between their structures and properties at the molecular level. The primary focus of this book is on the ability to synthesize materials with a controlled chemical composition, a crystallographic structure, and a well-defined morphology. Special attention is also given to the interplay of theory, simulation and experimental results, in order to interconnect theoretical knowledge and experimental approaches, which can reveal new scientific and technological directions in several fields, expanding the versatility to yield a variety of new complex materials with desirable applications and functions. Some of the challenges and opportunities in this field are also discussed, targeting the development of new emergent complex functional materials with tailored properties to solve problems related to renewable energy, health, and environmental sustainability. A more fundamental understanding of the physical and chemical properties of new emergent complex functional materials is essential to achieving more substantial progress in a number of technological fields. With this goal in mind, the editors invited acknowledged specialists to contribute chapters covering a broad range of disciplines.

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 2

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes  Volume 2 Book
Author : Visakh P. M.,Olga Nazarenko
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-26
ISBN : 1118831799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2nd volume on applications with discuss the various aspects of state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for gas and vapor separation of polymer membranes, membranes for wastewater treatment, polymer electrolyte membranes and methanol fuel cells, polymer membranes for water desalination, optical, electrochemical and anion/polyanion sensors, polymeric pervaporation membranes, organic-organic separation, biopolymer electrolytes for energy devices, carbon nanoparticles for pervaporation polymeric membranes, and mixed matrix membranes for nanofiltration application.

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells Book
Author : Christian Siegel
Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Release : 2015-03-20
ISBN : 3832539174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model of a high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, employing a high temperature stable polybenzimidazole membrane electrode assembly doped with phosphoric acid, was developed and implemented using a commercially available finite element software. Three types of flow-fields were modeled and simulated. Selected simulation results at reference operating conditions were compared to the performance curves and to segmented solid-phase temperature and current density measurements. For the segmented measurements, an inhouse developed prototype cell was designed and manufactured. The segmented cell was successfully operated and the solid-phase temperature and the current density distribution were recorded, evaluated, and discussed. Sequentially scanned segmented electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were performed to qualitatively support the observed trends. These measurements were used to identify and determine the causes of the inhomogeneous current density distributions. An equivalent circuit model was developed, the obtained spectra were analyzed, and the model parameters discussed. This work helps to provide a better understanding of the internal behaviour of a running high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and presents valuable data for modeling and simulation. For large fuel cells and complete fuel cell stacks in particular, well designed anode and cathode inlet and outlet sections are expected to aid in achieving flatter quantities distributions and in preventing hot spots over the membrane electrode assembly area, and to develop proper start-up, shut-down, and tempering concepts.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Book
Author : Johannes Töpler,Jochen Lehmann
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-20
ISBN : 3662449722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to hydrogen as an essential energy carrier for use with renewable sources of primary energy. It provides an overview of the state of the art, while also highlighting the developmental and market potential of hydrogen in the context of energy technologies; mobile, stationary and portable applications; uninterruptible power supplies and in the chemical industry. Written by experienced practitioners, the book addresses the needs of engineers, chemists and business managers, as well as graduate students and researchers.

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells Book
Author : Javaid Zaidi,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-15
ISBN : 0387735321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the late-1960’s, perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSAs) ionomers have dominated the PEM fuel cell industry as the membrane material of choice. The “gold standard’ amongst the many variations that exist today has been, and to a great extent still is, DuPont’s Nafion® family of materials. However, there is significant concern in the industry that these materials will not meet the cost, performance, and durability requirementsnecessary to drive commercialization in key market segments – es- cially automotive. Indeed, Honda has already put fuel cell vehicles in the hands of real end users that have home-grown fuel cell stack technology incorporating hydrocarbon-based ionomers. “Polymer Membranes in Fuel Cells” takes an in-depth look at the new chem- tries and membrane technologies that have been developed over the years to address the concerns associated with the materials currently in use. Unlike the PFSAs, which were originally developed for the chlor-alkali industry, the more recent hydrocarbon and composite materials have been developed to meet the specific requirements of PEM Fuel Cells. Having said this, most of the work has been based on derivatives of known polymers, such as poly(ether-ether ketones), to ensure that the critical requirement of low cost is met. More aggressive operational requi- ments have also spurred the development on new materials; for example, the need for operation at higher temperature under low relative humidity has spawned the creation of a plethora of new polymers with potential application in PEM Fuel Cells.

Organic Inorganic Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes

Organic Inorganic Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes Book
Author : Dr Inamuddin,Ali Mohammad,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-13
ISBN : 3319527398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores the latest developments in the area of polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs) used for high-temperature fuel cells. Featuring contributions from an international array of researchers, it presents a unified viewpoint on the operating principles of fuel cells, various methodologies used for the fabrication of PEMs, and issues related to the chemical and mechanical stabilities of the membranes. Special attention is given to the fabrication of electrospun nanocomposite membranes. The editors have consciously placed an emphasis on developments in the area of fast-growing and promising PEM materials obtained via hygroscopic inorganic fillers, solid proton conductors, heterocyclic solvents, ionic liquids, anhydrous H3PO4 blends, and heteropolyacids. This book is intended for fuel cell researchers and students who are interested in a deeper understanding of the organic–inorganic membranes used in fuel cells, membrane fabrication methodologies, properties and clean energy applications.