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Reliable Reasoning

Reliable Reasoning Book
Author : Gilbert Harman,Sanjeev Kulkarni
Publisher : Bradford Books
Release : 2012-01-13
ISBN : 0262517345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The implications for philosophy and cognitive science of developments in statistical learning theory. In Reliable Reasoning, Gilbert Harman and Sanjeev Kulkarni--a philosopher and an engineer--argue that philosophy and cognitive science can benefit from statistical learning theory (SLT), the theory that lies behind recent advances in machine learning. The philosophical problem of induction, for example, is in part about the reliability of inductive reasoning, where the reliability of a method is measured by its statistically expected percentage of errors--a central topic in SLT. After discussing philosophical attempts to evade the problem of induction, Harman and Kulkarni provide an admirably clear account of the basic framework of SLT and its implications for inductive reasoning. They explain the Vapnik-Chervonenkis (VC) dimension of a set of hypotheses and distinguish two kinds of inductive reasoning. The authors discuss various topics in machine learning, including nearest-neighbor methods, neural networks, and support vector machines. Finally, they describe transductive reasoning and suggest possible new models of human reasoning suggested by developments in SLT.

Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning Book
Author : James Allen,Richard E. Fikes,Erik Sandewall
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann Pub
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings of the Second International Conference on [title] held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 1991, comprise 55 papers on topics including the logical specifications of reasoning behaviors and representation formalisms, comparative analysis of competing algorithms and formalisms, and ana

Logic

Logic Book
Author : John Leechman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1864
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Logic book written by John Leechman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Logic for the Million a familiar exposition of the art of reasoning By a Fellow of the Royal Society J W Gilbart

Logic for the Million  a familiar exposition of the art of reasoning  By a Fellow of the Royal Society J  W  Gilbart Book
Author : James William GILBART
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1860
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Logic for the Million a familiar exposition of the art of reasoning By a Fellow of the Royal Society J W Gilbart book written by James William GILBART, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Automated Reasoning

Handbook of Automated Reasoning Book
Author : Alan J.A. Robinson,Andrei Voronkov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-06-22
ISBN : 0080532799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Automated Reasoning

An Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning

An Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning Book
Author : Peter J. Eccles
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-06-26
ISBN : 1139632566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book eases students into the rigors of university mathematics. The emphasis is on understanding and constructing proofs and writing clear mathematics. The author achieves this by exploring set theory, combinatorics, and number theory, topics that include many fundamental ideas and may not be a part of a young mathematician's toolkit. This material illustrates how familiar ideas can be formulated rigorously, provides examples demonstrating a wide range of basic methods of proof, and includes some of the all-time-great classic proofs. The book presents mathematics as a continually developing subject. Material meeting the needs of readers from a wide range of backgrounds is included. The over 250 problems include questions to interest and challenge the most able student but also plenty of routine exercises to help familiarize the reader with the basic ideas.

A Treatise on the method of observation and reasoning in politics

A Treatise on the method of observation and reasoning in politics Book
Author : Sir George Cornewall Lewis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1852
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Treatise on the method of observation and reasoning in politics book written by Sir George Cornewall Lewis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

super reasoning

super reasoning Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : yingchun an
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download super reasoning book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty

Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty Book
Author : France) European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning and Uncertainty (6th : 2001 : Toulouse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-08-29
ISBN : 9783540424642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty, ECSQARU 2001, held in Toulouse, France in September 2001. The 68 revised full papers presented together with three invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from over a hundred submissions. The book offers topical sections on decision theory, partially observable Markov decision processes, decision-making, coherent probabilities, Bayesian networks, learning causal networks, graphical representation of uncertainty, imprecise probabilities, belief functions, fuzzy sets and rough sets, possibility theory, merging, belief revision and preferences, inconsistency handling, default logic, logic programming, etc.

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems Book
Author : Axel Polleres,Terrance Swift
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-15
ISBN : 3642050816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems, RR 2009, held in Chantilly, VA, USA, in October 2009. The 15 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 41 submissions. The papers address all current topics in Web reasoning and rule systems such as proof/deduction procedures, scalability, uncertainty, knowledge amalgamation and querying, and rules for decision support and production systems.

Thinking and Reasoning

Thinking and Reasoning Book
Author : Jonathan Evans
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780863774157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a collection of all papers published in volume one of the journal "Thinking and Reasoning", an international journal dedicated to the understanding of human thought processes with a particular emphasis on studies on reasoning. Whilst the primary focus is on psychological studies of thinking, contributions are included from philosophers, artificial intelligence researchers and other cognitive scientists whose work bears upon the central concerns of the journal. Topics covered include studies of deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, problem solving, decision making, probability judgement, conceptual thinking, and the influence of language and culture on thought.

Reasoning

Reasoning Book
Author : Michael Scriven
Publisher : McGraw-Hill College
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Reasoning book written by Michael Scriven, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reasoning Necessity and Logic

Reasoning  Necessity  and Logic Book
Author : Willis F. Overton
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 1134735146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A presentation of current work that systematically explores and articulates the nature, origin and development of reasoning, this volume's primary aim is to describe and examine contemporary theory and research findings on the topic of deductive reasoning. Many contributors believe concepts such as "structure," "competence," and "mental logic" are necessary features for a complete understanding of reasoning. As the book emanates from a Jean Piaget Symposium, his theory of intellectual development as the standard contemporary treatment of deductive reasoning is used as the context in which the contributors elaborate on their own perceptions.

Legal Reasoning and Briefing

Legal Reasoning and Briefing Book
Author : Jesse Franklin Brumbaugh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1917
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Legal Reasoning and Briefing book written by Jesse Franklin Brumbaugh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reasoning Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day

Reasoning Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day Book
Author : LearningExpress (Organization)
Publisher : Learning Express Llc
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781576857205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides tips and techniques for developing one's reasoning skills, focusing on such topics as problem-solving strategies, working with arguments, and evaluating evidence.

Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty

Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty Book
Author : Lluis Godo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-06-24
ISBN : 3540273263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These are the proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty, ECSQARU 2005, held in Barcelona (Spain), July 6–8, 2005. The ECSQARU conferences are biennial and have become a major forum for advances in the theory and practice of r- soning under uncertainty. The ?rst ECSQARU conference was held in Marseille (1991), and after in Granada (1993), Fribourg (1995), Bonn (1997), London (1999), Toulouse (2001) and Aalborg (2003). The papers gathered in this volume were selected out of 130 submissions, after a strict review process by the members of the Program Committee, to be presented at ECSQARU 2005. In addition, the conference included invited lectures by three outstanding researchers in the area, Seraf ́ ?n Moral (Imprecise Probabilities), Rudolf Kruse (Graphical Models in Planning) and J ́ erˆ ome Lang (Social Choice). Moreover, the application of uncertainty models to real-world problems was addressed at ECSQARU 2005 by a special session devoted to s- cessful industrial applications, organized by Rudolf Kruse. Both invited lectures and papers of the special session contribute to this volume. On the whole, the programme of the conference provided a broad, rich and up-to-date perspective of the current high-level research in the area which is re?ected in the contents of this volume. IwouldliketowarmlythankthemembersoftheProgramCommitteeandthe additional referees for their valuable work, the invited speakers and the invited session organizer.

Human Reasoning

Human Reasoning Book
Author : Ruth M.J. Byrne,Jonathan St.B.T. Evans,Stephen E. Newstead
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2019-06-18
ISBN : 1317716264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deductive reasoning is widely regarded as an activity central to human intelligence, and as such has attracted an increasing amount of psychological study in recent years. In this first major survey of the field for over a decade, the authors provide a detailed and balanced review of all the main kinds of deductive reasoning task studied by psychologists. Topics covered include conditional and disjunctive reasoning, the Wason selection task, relational inference and reasoning with syllogisms and quantifiers. Throughout the review, a careful distinction is drawn between the main empirical findings in the field and the major theoretical approaches proposed to account for these findings. Discussion of experimental findings is organized around three central questions: What is the extent and limitation of human competence in deductive reasoning? What factors are responsible for systematic errors and biases on reasoning tasks? How is human reasoning influenced by the content in which logical problems are presented? Four major classes of theory are discussed throughout the book. The long established theory that people have a mental logic comprised of formal rules of inference is contrasted particularly with the recently developed mental model theory of deductive reasoning. Explanations of many phenomena, especially biases, are also considered in terms of heuristic processes. Finally, consideration is given to accounts of content and context effects based upon the use of domain sensitive rules or schemas. The book ends with a discussion of research on deductive reasoning in the context of the current debate about human rationality.

Elementary Philosophy

Elementary Philosophy Book
Author : Porter And Coates
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-04-22
ISBN : 9780371776070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a reproduction of the original artefact. Generally these books are created from careful scans of the original. This allows us to preserve the book accurately and present it in the way the author intended. Since the original versions are generally quite old, there may occasionally be certain imperfections within these reproductions. We're happy to make these classics available again for future generations to enjoy!

On Reasoning and Argument

On Reasoning and Argument Book
Author : David Hitchcock
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-06
ISBN : 3319535625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together in one place David Hitchcock’s most significant published articles on reasoning and argument. In seven new chapters he updates his thinking in the light of subsequent scholarship. Collectively, the papers articulate a distinctive position in the philosophy of argumentation. Among other things, the author:• develops an account of “material consequence” that permits evaluation of inferences without problematic postulation of unstated premises.• updates his recursive definition of argument that accommodates chaining and embedding of arguments and allows any type of illocutionary act to be a conclusion. • advances a general theory of relevance.• provides comprehensive frameworks for evaluating inferences in reasoning by analogy, means-end reasoning, and appeals to considerations or criteria.• argues that none of the forms of arguing ad hominem is a fallacy.• describes proven methods of teaching critical thinking effectively.

Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems

Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems Book
Author : Judea Pearl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-28
ISBN : 0080514898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems is a complete and accessible account of the theoretical foundations and computational methods that underlie plausible reasoning under uncertainty. The author provides a coherent explication of probability as a language for reasoning with partial belief and offers a unifying perspective on other AI approaches to uncertainty, such as the Dempster-Shafer formalism, truth maintenance systems, and nonmonotonic logic. The author distinguishes syntactic and semantic approaches to uncertainty--and offers techniques, based on belief networks, that provide a mechanism for making semantics-based systems operational. Specifically, network-propagation techniques serve as a mechanism for combining the theoretical coherence of probability theory with modern demands of reasoning-systems technology: modular declarative inputs, conceptually meaningful inferences, and parallel distributed computation. Application areas include diagnosis, forecasting, image interpretation, multi-sensor fusion, decision support systems, plan recognition, planning, speech recognition--in short, almost every task requiring that conclusions be drawn from uncertain clues and incomplete information. Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems will be of special interest to scholars and researchers in AI, decision theory, statistics, logic, philosophy, cognitive psychology, and the management sciences. Professionals in the areas of knowledge-based systems, operations research, engineering, and statistics will find theoretical and computational tools of immediate practical use. The book can also be used as an excellent text for graduate-level courses in AI, operations research, or applied probability.