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Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology

Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology Book
Author : Atilla Ansal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-01
ISBN : 3319071181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects 5 keynote and 15 topic lectures presented at the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES), held in Istanbul, Turkey, from August 24 to 29, 2014. The conference was organized by the Turkish Earthquake Foundation - Earthquake Engineering Committee and Prime Ministry, Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency under the auspices of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE) and European Seismological Commission (ESC). The book’s twenty state-of-the-art papers were written by the most prominent researchers in Europe and address a comprehensive collection of topics on earthquake engineering, as well as interdisciplinary subjects such as engineering seismology and seismic risk assessment and management. Further topics include engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake-resistant engineering structures, new techniques and technologies and managing risk in seismic regions. The book also presents the Third Ambraseys Distinguished Award Lecture given by Prof. Robin Spence in honor of Prof. Nicholas N. Ambraseys. The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the art and latest practices in the fields of earthquake engineering and seismology, with Europe’s most respected researchers addressing recent and ongoing developments while also proposing innovative avenues for future research and development. Given its cutting-edge content and broad spectrum of topics, the book offers a unique reference guide for researchers in these fields. Audience: This book is of interest to civil engineers in the fields of geotechnical and structural earthquake engineering; scientists and researchers in the fields of seismology, geology and geophysics. Not only scientists, engineers and students, but also those interested in earthquake hazard assessment and mitigation will find in this book the most recent advances.

International Handbook of Earthquake Engineering Seismology

International Handbook of Earthquake   Engineering Seismology Book
Author : William H.K. Lee,Paul Jennings,Carl Kisslinger,Hiroo Kanamori
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-09-27
ISBN : 9780080489223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern scientific investigations of earthquakes began in the 1880s, and the International Association of Seismology was organized in 1901 to promote collaboration of scientists and engineers in studying earthquakes. The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, under the auspices of the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI), was prepared by leading experts under a distinguished international advisory board and team of editors. The content is organized into 56 chapters and includes over 430 figures, 24 of which are in color. This large-format, comprehensive reference summarizes well-established facts, reviews relevant theories, surveys useful methods and techniques, and documents and archives basic seismic data. It will be the authoritative reference for scientists and engineers and a quick and handy reference for seismologists. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part B. Two CD-ROMs containing additional material packaged with the text

Earthquake Data in Engineering Seismology

Earthquake Data in Engineering Seismology Book
Author : Sinan Akkar,Polat Gülkan,Torild van Eck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-03
ISBN : 9789400701526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses current activities in strong-motion networks around the globe, covering issues related to designing, maintaining and disseminating information from these arrays. The book is divided into three principal sections. The first section includes recent developments in regional and global ground-motion predictive models. It presents discussions on the similarities and differences of ground motion estimations from these models and their application to design spectra as well as other novel procedures for predicting engineering parameters in seismic regions with sparse data. The second section introduces topics about the particular methodologies being implemented in the recently established global and regional strong-motion databanks in Europe to maintain and disseminate the archived accelerometric data. The final section describes major strong-motion arrays around the world and their historical developments. The last three chapters of this section introduce projects carried out within the context of arrays deployed for seismic risk studies in metropolitan areas. Audience: This timely book will be of particular interest for researchers who use accelerometric data extensively to conduct studies in earthquake engineering and engineering seismology.

Earthquake Early Warning Systems

Earthquake Early Warning Systems Book
Author : Paolo Gasparini,Gaetano Manfredi,Jochen Zschau
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-10
ISBN : 3540722416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides information on the major EEW systems in operation and on the state-of-the-art of the different blocks forming an EW system: the rapid detection and estimation of the earthquake’s focal parameters, the signal transmission, the engineering interface and the information reliability/false alarm problem. It is the first time that so many aspects of EEW systems have been specifically focused upon within a single book.

International Handbook of Earthquake Engineering Seismology

International Handbook of Earthquake   Engineering Seismology Book
Author : William H.K. Lee,Hiroo Kanamori,Paul Jennings,Carl Kisslinger
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-07-23
ISBN : 9780080489230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two volume International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology represents the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior's (IASPEI) ambition to provide a comprehensive overview of our present knowledge of earthquakes and seismology. This state-of-the-art work is the only reference to cover all aspects of seismology--a "resource library" for civil and structural engineers, geologists, geophysicists, and seismologists in academia and industry around the globe. Part B, by more than 100 leading researchers from major institutions of science around the globe, features 34 chapters detailing strong-motion seismology, earthquake engineering, quake prediction and hazards mitigation, as well as detailed reports from more than 40 nations. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part A. Authoritative articles by more than 100 leading scientists Extensive glossary of terminology plus 2000+ biographical sketches of notable seismologists

Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology

Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology Book
Author : Jens Havskov,Gerardo Alguacil
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-02-11
ISBN : 9781402029691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is unique and comprehensive coverage of modern seismic instrumentation, based on the authors’ practical experience of a quarter-century in seismology and geophysics. Their goal is to provide not only detailed information on the basics of seismic instruments but also to survey equipment on the market, blending this with only the amount of theory needed to understand the basic principles. Seismologists and technicians working with seismological instruments will find here the answers to their practical problems. Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology is written to be understandable to the broad range of professionals working with seismological instruments and seismic data, whether students, engineers or seismologists. Whether installing seismic stations, networks and arrays, working and calibrating stationary or portable instruments, dealing with response information, or teaching about seismic instruments, professionals and academics now have a practical and authoritative sourcebook. Includes: SEISAN and SEISLOG software systems that are available from http://extras.springer.com and http://www.geo.uib.no/seismo/software/software.html

Seismology

Seismology Book
Author : Bogdan Felix Apostol
Publisher :
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 9781536184921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book offers a comprehensive physical theory of the earthquakes. The presentation level is rather mathematical, but thorough physical explanations are provided everywhere.We do not know where and when and how great an earthquake occurs. The seismic events have a statistical character. Statistical Seismology is discussed extensively in this book, centered on the famous Gutenberg-Richter, Omori and Bath statistical laws. The earthquakes may be correlated, foreshocks may herald a main shock, aftershocks may follow a main shock. The pattern of such correlations, their extension in time and magnitude are discussed in this book. The earthquakes are produced by forces acting for a short time in a localized focal region placed inside the Earth. These forces give rise to elastic deformations and elastic waves, which arrive at Earth' surface as earthquakes. The nature of these forces and their effects are discussed in this book. Any earthquake begins by a feeble tremor, the so-called P and S seismic waves, followed by a large, main shock, which looks like a wall with a long tail. This book explains why it is so. We cannot predict the occurrence of the earthquakes. But we can know something about them. For instance, there exist seismographs, a sort of pendulums, which record the ground displacement. There exist agencies which tell us the earthquake magnitude, its energy, location, fault slip, by reading the seismograms. We may wish to get such information by ourselves, almost in real time, knowing the seismograph recordings, to be independent of the seismological agencies. This book teaches us how to do that. The book describes the accumulation of the seismic energy in the focal region, its release, the shape and strength of the ground displacement. It is shown that the seismic faults may give rise to rather complicated tensorial forces, which account both for the static deformations of the Earth's surface and for the seismic waves produced in an earthquake. A model of energy accumulation in the earthquake focus is formulated and used to derive the statistical Gutenberg-Richter laws. These laws are used to analize the statistics of the seismic events in Vrancea, Romania, as an example. A special emphasis is given to the short-term seismic activity. The book introduces the point tensorial force of the seismic faults and employs it to present both the static deformation of the Earth's crust in epicentral regions and the seismic waves and the main shock which appear on any typical seismogram. This later point is the solution of the so-called Lamb seismological problem. The book describes the determination of the seismic-moment tensor, earthquake magnitude, the volume of the focal region, the duration of the seismic activity in the focus, the fault orientation and the fault slip from measurements of the seismic waves at the Earth's surface. This is the solution of the inverse seismological problem. A special point is a qualitative estimation of these parameters which can be practised by everyone in real time. The book presents the vibrations of the Earth viewed as a solid sphere and the vibrations of an elastic half-space. The static deformations of the elastic half-space under the action of point forces are also included. Finally, earthquake correlations, Bath's law and earthquake entropy are discussed. The book is an original monograph of Seismology, intended for the use of the students, researchers and the public who wish to become familiar with the physics and mathematics of the earthquakes. It provides the understanding of the earthquakes and specific knowledge we may have of them.

Seismological Research Requirements for a Comprehensive Test Ban Monitoring System

Seismological Research Requirements for a Comprehensive Test Ban Monitoring System Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Panel on Seismological Research Requirements for a Comprehensive Test-Ban Monitoring System
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1995-12-13
ISBN : 0309053323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Negotiators from more than 35 countries are attempting to formulate a nuclear test-ban treaty and delineate a system from monitoring compliance. This book covers: (1) the desirable characteristics and capabilities of seismic monitoring stations; (2) recommendations on the flow paths and handling of the data, which are to be unclassified; and (3) the types and extent of research that will be needed in the next decade. The primary focus of the book is to explore how basic seismological research and test ban monitoring can be mutually beneficial.

Routine Data Processing in Earthquake Seismology

Routine Data Processing in Earthquake Seismology Book
Author : Jens Havskov,Lars Ottemoller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-06-16
ISBN : 9048186978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to get a practical understanding of the most common processing techniques in earthquake seismology. The book deals with manual methods and computer assisted methods. Each topic will be introduced with the basic theory followed by practical examples and exercises. There are manual exercises entirely based on the printed material of the book, as well as computer exercises based on public domain software. Most exercises are computer based. The software used, as well as all test data are available from http://extras.springer.com. This book is intended for everyone processing earthquake data, both in the observatory routine and in connection with research. Using the exercises, the book can also be used as a basis for university courses in earthquake processing. Since the main emphasis is on processing, the theory will only be dealt with to the extent needed to understand the processing steps, however references will be given to where more extensive explanations can be found. Includes: • Exercises • Test data • Public domain software (SEISAN) available from http://extras.springer.com

Early Warning for Geological Disasters

Early Warning for Geological Disasters Book
Author : Friedemann Wenzel,Jochen Zschau
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-13
ISBN : 3642122337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The past years have seen new technologies that could be utilized for early warning and real-time loss estimation. They include self-organizing sensor networks, new satellite imagery with high resolution, multi-sensor observational capacities, and crowd sourcing. From this and improved physical models, data processing and communication methodologies a significant step towards better early warning technologies has been achieved by research. At the same time, early warning systems became part of the disaster management practice for instance in Japan and Indonesia. This book marks the important point where: Research activities continue to improve early warning Experience with applications is expanding At this critical point in development of early warning for geological disasters it is timely to provide a volume that documents the state-of-the-art, provides an overview on recent developments and serves as knowledge resource for researcher and practitioners.

Simon Sez a Glass Half Full or Half Empty Still Has Enough Left for a Drink

Simon Sez  a Glass Half Full  or Half Empty  Still Has Enough Left for a Drink Book
Author : James W Haworth
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release : 2011-12-23
ISBN : 1468531034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Each day, I look forward to Jim's unique perspectives on life and its challenges. Without question, his sayings leave me pondering his points and always put a smile on my face. I enjoy reading parts of his books to my children. Thomas Schleeter, MD, FACC, Cardiologist Thank you for sharing your wit and wisdom. I enjoy reading about things that, I too, have thought of many times before; however, you put in perspective, life's ups and downs, and how we all may be able to look at things with a little more wit and wisdom. Sherry Reckas, Circle City Reporting, Indianapolis "A modern day James Whitcomb Riley, who uses wisdom, philosophy and commentary on things mundane or spiritual to spread his view of life and how to live it well. Margaret Bakker, retired teacher, and musician "Thought provoking... sometimes funny...sometimes sad, a source of comfort or confirmation, but always entertaining. Sandra K Knapp, USA Gymnastics "These thoughts might even be the key to a happier life" Morton Tavel, MD, FACC, Cardiologist

Real Time Earthquake Tracking and Localisation

Real Time Earthquake Tracking and Localisation Book
Author : George R. Daglish,Iurii P. Sizov
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release : 2018-09-30
ISBN : 1546296816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After the great tsunami of 2004 and the earthquake in Sichuan, China, in 2008, two big thinkers knew they must try to prevent the damage inflicted by surprise earthquakes. George R. Daglish and Iurii P. Sizov teamed up to create an experimental seismic software system that contains application areas for inclusion in an earthquake early warning software structure. In this book, they highlight the work they’ve done thus far. The algorithms can be grouped into several main types: planar earth calculations to determine epicentres; calculations over a spherical earth model to determine epicentres; rapid tabular scans to determine epicentres and hypocentres concurrently, using either a spherical or a spheroidal earth geometry directly; and hypocentre scans using spheroidal earth geometry. The authors also describe the testing of all members of the grouping, using real earthquake data. They assess the timing and accuracy of each against received and current results taken from the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology archive. If the world doesn’t take concerted action to predict and track earthquakes, the consequences will be unthinkable, which is why we must work toward Real-Time Earthquake Tracking and Localisation.

Geohazards

Geohazards Book
Author : G. McCall,D. Laming,S. Scott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-08
ISBN : 9400903812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dorrik A. V. Stow Editor in Chief, Association of Geoscientists for International Development ( AGID) AGID is particularly pleased to see published this latest hurricanes, floods-that are wreaking havoc, destroying report in its Geosciences in International Development livelihood and lives in some corner of the globe. Series, as a significant contribution to the onset of the UN As geoscientists there are perhaps three concerns that Decade of National Disaster Reduction, and as a mark of should be uppermost in our minds as we join an inter AGID's growing concern over the potential and actual national effort to combat the adverse effects of natural effects of geohazards throughout the developing world. hazards. The first must be to improve our scientific The problem of geohazards is increasing, not because understanding of the nature and causes of such hazards and to work towards more reliable prediction of their the rate of earth processes is accelerating, nor because the occurrence and magnitude.